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Hepatitis C In Developing Countries

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Hepatitis C in Developing Countries

Hepatitis C in Developing Countries Book
Author : Sanaa M. Kamal
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-11-23
ISBN : 0128032340
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hepatitis C in Developing Countries: Current and Future Challenges explores the current state of HCV in several countries, including Africa, Asia and South America. It maintains a dedicated focus on the epidemiology, clinical patterns, virologic diversity, coinfections, natural history and progression, complications, and response to standard of care (SOC) pegylated interferon and ribavirin therapy of HCV with recommendations specific to middle and low income countries. Readers will find detailed information on the burden of HCV infection from a global health and economic perspective, along with data from multicenter trials on DAAs that have enrolled patients infected with HCV non-genotype 1. Features coverage on the prevention of, or inhibition of, liver fibrosis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma Presents data from trials on patients with diverse ethnic backgrounds and those infected with genotypes 3, 4, 5, 6 Addresses the epidemiology, modes of transmission, socio-political aspects, genotypes, and co-infections of Hepatitis C

Guidelines for the Screening Care and Treatment of Persons with Chronic Hepatitis C Infection Updated Version April 2016

Guidelines for the Screening Care and Treatment of Persons with Chronic Hepatitis C Infection Updated Version April 2016 Book
Author : World Health Organization
Publisher : World Health Organization
Release : 2016-04-30
ISBN : 9241549610
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The field of HCV therapeutics continues to evolve rapidly and since the World Health Organization (WHO) issued its first Guidelines for the screening care and treatment of persons with hepatitis C infection in 2014 several new medicines have been approved by at least one stringent regulatory authority. These medicines called direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) are transforming the treatment of HCV enabling regimens that can be administered orally are of shorter duration (as short as eight weeks) result in cure rates higher than 90% and are associated with fewer serious adverse events than the previous interfere on containing regimens. WHO is updating its hepatitis C treatment guidelines to provide recommendations for the use of these new medicines. The objectives of these WHO guidelines are to provide updated evidence-based recommendations for the treatment of persons with hepatitis C infection using where possible all DAA-only combinations. The guidelines also provide recommendations on the preferred regimens based on a patient?s HCV genotype and clinical history and assess the appropriateness of continued use of certain medicines. This document also includes existing recommendations on screening for HCV infection and care of persons infected with HCV that were first issued in 2014. The key audience for these guidelines are policy-makers in low- and middle-income countries who formulate country-specific treatment guidelines and who plan infectious disease treatment programmes and services in addition to those people responsible for delivering treatment. The guidelines are appropriate for all countries including high-income countries.

Update on Hepatitis C

Update on Hepatitis C Book
Author : Martina Smolic,Aleksandar Vcev,George Wu
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2017-10-04
ISBN : 9535135635
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the past few years, remarkable progress has been made in our understanding of HCV biology, pathogenesis of infection, and structure-function relationships. This has led to quantum advances in clinical efficacy and tolerability. Yet, in spite of this amazing progress, there remain obstacles to widespread successful treatment. These issues include biological failures even with direct-acting agents, lack of options for individual with organ failures, drug-drug interactions, access to medications either due to lack of availability or affordability, and psychiatric and social issues. These problems are likely to remain in the future. Therefore, this book has been created by distinguished faculties from around the world to address the progress in our understanding of HCV infection and to review new treatment options, limitations, and accessibility of new therapeutic options.

Hepatitis C in Developing Countries

Hepatitis C in Developing Countries Book
Author : Sanaa M. Kamal
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-11-23
ISBN : 9780128032336
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hepatitis C in Developing Countries: Current and Future Challenges explores the current state of HCV in several countries, including Africa, Asia and South America. It maintains a dedicated focus on the epidemiology, clinical patterns, virologic diversity, coinfections, natural history and progression, complications, and response to standard of care (SOC) pegylated interferon and ribavirin therapy of HCV with recommendations specific to middle and low income countries. Readers will find detailed information on the burden of HCV infection from a global health and economic perspective, along with data from multicenter trials on DAAs that have enrolled patients infected with HCV non-genotype 1. Features coverage on the prevention of, or inhibition of, liver fibrosis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma Presents data from trials on patients with diverse ethnic backgrounds and those infected with genotypes 3, 4, 5, 6 Addresses the epidemiology, modes of transmission, socio-political aspects, genotypes, and co-infections of Hepatitis C

Clinical Dilemmas in Viral Liver Disease

Clinical Dilemmas in Viral Liver Disease Book
Author : Graham R. Foster,K. Rajender Reddy
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-03-19
ISBN : 1119533449
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The only evidence-based book to approach viral liver disease by focusing exclusively on the clinical dilemmas encountered by hepatologists and their medical teams Although viral hepatitis is a growing public health risk around the world, the World Health Organization (WHO) views the elimination of hepatitis infection over the next several as an achievable goal. Effective pharmaceutical therapies are now available, yet medical teams caring for patients with viral hepatitis are challenged when looking for answers to specific questions in the current medical literature. The second edition of Clinical Dilemmas in Viral Liver Disease provides evidence-based guidance for medical teams involved in diagnosing, treating, and managing patients with viral liver disease. This fully updated book explores developments in new treatments and new diagnostic approaches that are contributing to WHO goals of viral elimination. Brief, easily referenced chapters examine clearly defined topics, addressing the clinical questions and difficulties encountered by medical teams in day-to-day practice. Contributions by an international team of investigators and clinicians address clinical questions and issues which are seldom found in standard textbooks and online repositories. Offering practical guidance on the specific challenges and dilemmas of treating viral liver disease, this unique volume: Provides practical, evidence-based guidance on topical and controversial issues Addresses understudied questions that arise in day-to-day clinical practice Discusses the challenges surrounding global elimination programs Presents focused approach that is supported by current literature and expert opinion The second edition of Clinical Dilemmas in Viral Liver Disease is required reading for practicing and trainee hepatologists, gastroenterologists, transplant surgeons, virologists, and other practitioners involved in caring for patients with liver disease.

Hepatitis and Liver Cancer

Hepatitis and Liver Cancer Book
Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Committee on the Prevention and Control of Viral Hepatitis Infections
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2010-04-23
ISBN : 9780309153683
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The global epidemic of hepatitis B and C is a serious public health problem. Hepatitis B and C are the major causes of chronic liver disease and liver cancer in the world. In the next 10 years, 150,000 people in the United States will die from liver disease or liver cancer associated with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections. Today, between 800,000 and 1.4 million people in the United States have chronic hepatitis B and between 2.7 and 3.9 million have chronic hepatitis C. People most at risk for hepatitis B and C often are the least likely to have access to medical services. Reducing the rates of illness and death associated with these diseases will require greater awareness and knowledge among health care workers, improved identification of at-risk people, and improved access to medical care. Hepatitis B is a vaccine-preventable disease. Although federal public health officials recommend that all newborns, children, and at-risk adults receive the vaccine, about 46,000 new acute cases of the HBV infection emerge each year, including 1,000 in infants who acquire the infection during birth from their HBV-positive mothers. Unfortunately, there is no vaccine for hepatitis C, which is transmitted by direct exposure to infectious blood. Hepatitis and Liver Cancer identifies missed opportunities related to the prevention and control of HBV and HCV infections. The book presents ways to reduce the numbers of new HBV and HCV infections and the morbidity and mortality related to chronic viral hepatitis. It identifies priorities for research, policy, and action geared toward federal, state, and local public health officials, stakeholder, and advocacy groups and professional organizations.

Viral Hepatitis Chronic Hepatitis C

Viral Hepatitis  Chronic Hepatitis C Book
Author : Resat Ozaras,Dominique Salmon-Ceron
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-06-21
ISBN : 3030037576
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents up-to-date, practically oriented information on major topics in chronic hepatitis C. The coverage encompasses epidemiology; diagnosis, including molecular methods; treatment and challenges; and the management of co-infections. Readers will find guidance on pretherapeutic evaluation with respect to disease severity and extrahepatic manifestations. Resistance to antiviral treatment and its management are discussed, and the nature of optimal follow-up is addressed in detail. Treatment of HCV/HIV co-infection is considered separately, and the approach in special patient populations is thoroughly examined. Chronic Hepatitis C will be of high value for general practitioners and specialists in gastroenterology, infectious diseases, and internal medicine. It will be international in scope in terms of both authorship and appeal.

Guidelines on Hepatitis B and C Testing

Guidelines on Hepatitis B and C Testing Book
Author : World Health Organization
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018-02-06
ISBN : 9789241549981
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Testing and diagnosis of hepatitis B (HBV) and C (HCV) infection is the gateway for access to both prevention and treatment services, and is a crucial component of an effective response to the hepatitis epidemic. Early identification of persons with chronic HBV or HCV infection enables them to receive the necessary care and treatment to prevent or delay progression of liver disease. Testing also provides an opportunity to link people to interventions to reduce transmission, through counselling on risk behaviors and provision of prevention commodities (such as sterile needles and syringes) and hepatitis B vaccination. These are the first WHO guidelines on testing for chronic HBV and HCV infection and complement published guidance by WHO on the prevention, care and treatment of chronic hepatitis C and hepatitis B infection. These guidelines outline the public health approach to strengthening and expanding current testing practices for HBV and HCV, and are intended for use across age groups and populations.

Eliminating the Public Health Problem of Hepatitis B and C in the United States

Eliminating the Public Health Problem of Hepatitis B and C in the United States Book
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Committee on a National Strategy for the Elimination of Hepatitis B and C
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2016-06-01
ISBN : 0309438020
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hepatitis B and C cause most cases of hepatitis in the United States and the world. The two diseases account for about a million deaths a year and 78 percent of world's hepatocellular carcinoma and more than half of all fatal cirrhosis. In 2013 viral hepatitis, of which hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) are the most common types, surpassed HIV and AIDS to become the seventh leading cause of death worldwide. The world now has the tools to prevent hepatitis B and cure hepatitis C. Perfect vaccination could eradicate HBV, but it would take two generations at least. In the meantime, there is no cure for the millions of people already infected. Conversely, there is no vaccine for HCV, but new direct-acting antivirals can cure 95 percent of chronic infections, though these drugs are unlikely to reach all chronically-infected people anytime soon. This report, the first of two, examines the feasibility of hepatitis B and C elimination in the United States and identifies critical success factors. The phase two report will outline a strategy for meeting the elimination goals discussed in this report.

Practical Management of Chronic Viral Hepatitis

Practical Management of Chronic Viral Hepatitis Book
Author : Gaetano Serviddio
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2013-05-29
ISBN : 9535111094
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Continuous acquisition of new knowledge in Medicine is essential to ensure progression in diagnostics and therapeutics. In the last decade the discipline of Hepatology has achieved critical progress in the treatment of viral hepatitis. The present book has been realized by a team of experts daily facing clinical problems in the prevention and management of liver diseases and has been designed for a global readership to offer some practical tips to physicians who want update their level of practice in the field. Its a practical volume for daily reference but also an instrument for improving expertise in viral hepatology and discovering the unresolved issues. Management of HBV and HCV hepatitis in young and elderly, HEV hepatitis, evaluation of liver fibrosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, vaccine and prevention and patient education are some of the most important topics covered by the authors. In addition, an outstanding chapter on the skin involvement during viral hepatitis and the tools to manage them during triple therapy is included in the book.

Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C Book
Author : Imran Shahid
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2018-10-10
ISBN : 1789842077
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The propagation of hepatitis C from acute to chronic infection and afterward to end-stage liver diseases (hepatic fibrosis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma) involves a highly orchestrated series of molecular and cellular events, including a plethora of genes and cell signaling cascades. The treatment paradigms was revolutionized after the development and approval of all oral interferon-free direct-acting antivirals achieving higher sustained virologic response rates in treated individuals. This book pragmatically overviews the intricate interplay between viral and host factors during hepatitis C virus infection progression, as well as other hepatitis C-associated clinical implications. Hepatitis C - From Infection to Cure also provides up-to-date information about hepatitis C cures for clinicians, physicians, and healthcare providers with an ample understanding of the current treatment horizon, as well as other investigational and emerging treatment strategies. The authors with their valuable scientific contributions belong to many eminent institutes around the world and are much experienced in hepatitis C virology, pathology, and therapeutics.

A National Strategy for the Elimination of Hepatitis B and C

A National Strategy for the Elimination of Hepatitis B and C Book
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Committee on a National Strategy for the Elimination of Hepatitis B and C
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2017-06-30
ISBN : 0309457327
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hepatitis B and C cause most cases of hepatitis in the United States and the world. The two diseases account for about a million deaths a year and 78 percent of world's hepatocellular carcinoma and more than half of all fatal cirrhosis. In 2013 viral hepatitis, of which hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) are the most common types, surpassed HIV and AIDS to become the seventh leading cause of death worldwide. The world now has the tools to prevent hepatitis B and cure hepatitis C. Perfect vaccination could eradicate HBV, but it would take two generations at least. In the meantime, there is no cure for the millions of people already infected. Conversely, there is no vaccine for HCV, but new direct-acting antivirals can cure 95 percent of chronic infections, though these drugs are unlikely to reach all chronically-infected people anytime soon. This report, the second of two, builds off the conclusions of the first report and outlines a strategy for hepatitis reduction over time and specific actions to achieve them.

Saliva Protection and Transmissible Diseases

Saliva Protection and Transmissible Diseases Book
Author : Crispian Scully,Jacobo Limeres Posse,Pedro Diz Dios
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-07-19
ISBN : 0128136820
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Saliva Protection and Transmissible Diseases provides a review of saliva protection, raising debate on micro-organisms potentially transmissible in saliva, and also considering the evidence on diseases that may be transmitted by kissing. Saliva is a complex body fluid essential to health, especially mastication, swallowing and speech, and hyposalivation can lead to dysfunction and even infection. More serious pathogens, such as herpes viruses and papillomaviruses can be conveyed by kissing, as can potentially lethal micro-organisms present in some saliva, such as meningococci, fungal organisms and Ebola viruses. Stipulates the defensive roles of saliva, an important topic not previously reviewed in-depth in literature Provides awareness that saliva also transmits infectious agents that can produce serious or even lethal diseases Gives understanding that kissing may be an at-risk practice

Advances in Treatment of Hepatitis C and B

Advances in Treatment of Hepatitis C and B Book
Author : Naglaa Allam
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2017-03-08
ISBN : 9535129937
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As in many areas of medicine, treatment of viral hepatitis has seen an acceleration of change driven by new therapies and evolving technology. Thanks to the direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs), the era of HCV eradication and cure has begun. As regards to hepatitis B therapy, potent antiviral drugs for suppression of viral replication are available, new research activities to enhance eradication are visible, and these may influence clinical practice in the coming years. This book covers the latest advances in hepatitis C and hepatitis B therapeutics as well as the emerging and investigational treatment strategies. "Advances in Treatment of Hepatitis C and Hepatitis B" book is an up-to-date source of information for physicians, residents, and advanced medical students seeking a broader understanding of treatment of viral hepatitis. The authors of the chapters come from many eminent centers around the world and are experts in their respective fields.

CDC Yellow Book 2018 Health Information for International Travel

CDC Yellow Book 2018  Health Information for International Travel Book
Author : Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2017-04-17
ISBN : 0190628634
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

THE ESSENTIAL WORK IN TRAVEL MEDICINE -- NOW COMPLETELY UPDATED FOR 2018 As unprecedented numbers of travelers cross international borders each day, the need for up-to-date, practical information about the health challenges posed by travel has never been greater. For both international travelers and the health professionals who care for them, the CDC Yellow Book 2018: Health Information for International Travel is the definitive guide to staying safe and healthy anywhere in the world. The fully revised and updated 2018 edition codifies the U.S. government's most current health guidelines and information for international travelers, including pretravel vaccine recommendations, destination-specific health advice, and easy-to-reference maps, tables, and charts. The 2018 Yellow Book also addresses the needs of specific types of travelers, with dedicated sections on: · Precautions for pregnant travelers, immunocompromised travelers, and travelers with disabilities · Special considerations for newly arrived adoptees, immigrants, and refugees · Practical tips for last-minute or resource-limited travelers · Advice for air crews, humanitarian workers, missionaries, and others who provide care and support overseas Authored by a team of the world's most esteemed travel medicine experts, the Yellow Book is an essential resource for travelers -- and the clinicians overseeing their care -- at home and abroad.

HCV The Journey from Discovery to a Cure

HCV  The Journey from Discovery to a Cure Book
Author : Michael J. Sofia
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-11-23
ISBN : 3030282074
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hepatitis C is a liver disease caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV) and infects approximately 75 million individuals worldwide. It is also one of the major causes of liver cancer and liver transplants. The elucidation of the HCV genome, and the development of a whole cell system to study the virus spurred the search for novel direct acting antiviral drugs to cure this disease. This global effort culminated in the development of direct acting antiviral drugs that led to cure rates approaching 100% in all patient populations after only 8-12 weeks of therapy. These efforts resulted in one of the greatest achievements in public health and provides the potential for eliminating HCV as a major disease worldwide. This volume is aimed at a broad audience of academic and industrial scientists interested in the discovery and development of drugs to treat viral diseases and those interested in reading about one of the most unique accomplishments in biomedical research. The volume will provide a one of a kind reference work that highlights the many efforts, from the discovery of the HCV virus, to the invention of breakthrough medicines and their use in the real world to cure patients. It is the companion book to the volume "HCV: The Journey from Discovery to a Cure - Volume II".

Health Information for International Travel 2005 2006

Health Information for International Travel 2005 2006 Book
Author : Paul Arguin
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Health Information for International Travel 2005 2006 book written by Paul Arguin, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2000-10-09
ISBN : 9780080533919
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The anticipated encore volume of the Biomedical Research Reports Series, Hepatitis C is the first book that offers comprehensive and up-to-date coverage of this "silent epidemic." The subject matter ranges from basic science to clinical medicine, with contributions from more than 30 international experts in the field. This important new book details the hepatitis C virus and the disease that it causes, including its prevalence, means of spread, symptoms, complications, natural history, prevention, and therapy. The editors, T. Jake Liang, M.D., and Jay H. Hoofnagle, M.D., are both hepatologists and clinical and laboratory researchers who are well known leaders in the hepatitis field. Their team of authors provide the latest information on key issues such as the role of hepatitis C in liver cancer and evolving therapy for hepatitis C, including special subgroups of patients such as children, patients with renal failure, patients undergoing liver transplantation, and patients with HIV coinfection. The book also addresses future directions in antiviral therapy of hepatitis C and the real challenges of developing a vaccine. Hepatitis C is the integrated reference book for all researchers, clinicians, and students dealing with this troubling virus. Key Features * Provides comprehensive coverage of hepatitis C, ranging from basic science to clinical application * Includes contributions from more than 30 international experts in the field * Supplies current recommendations on management of hepatitis C * Designed in an easy-to-use format with consistent organization * Includes extensive illustrations

Clinical Rounds in Hepatology

Clinical Rounds in Hepatology Book
Author : Virendra Singh,Akash Roy
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-01-29
ISBN : 9811684480
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a comprehensive collection of classic cases and problem scenarios encountered as bedside case discussions during ward rounds. It facilitates the practical management of hepatic disorders. The unique aspect of hepatology involves the blend of the basic tenet of clinical medicine applied to liver disease and a multitude of interventional modalities in the management of liver, biliary, and pancreatic diseases. This book takes the reader through the process of ruling in and ruling out possibilities based on clinical data (history and examination) and then traces the logical trajectory of each case from recommended investigations to the analysis of test results and finally to making a syndromic diagnosis. By adopting an evidence-based approach, the book emphasizes analytical and need-based studies to exclude any mimics. This book helps practice hepatologists and gastroenterologists for a systematic approach towards the most common cases.

Chronic Hepatitis C Virus

Chronic Hepatitis C Virus Book
Author : Mitchell L. Shiffman
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-11-17
ISBN : 9781461411925
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chronic Hepatitis C Virus: Lessons from the Past, Promise for the Future documents the monumental advances that have been made in our understanding of chronic HCV during the past decade. The first section reviews the natural history of chronic HCV, how this virus can affect other organs in addition to the liver, and whether treating chronic HCV alters the natural history of this disease. Section 2 reviews the advances that have been made in the treatment of chronic HCV during the past decade with interferon based therapy. Separate chapters on response guided therapy and how to manage the adverse events associated with these medications provide the physician with the concepts required to more effectively treat chronic HCV now and in the future. As the genetics of virologic response have recently been elucidated, a chapter is devoted to helping the clinician understand how genes that modulate disease processes and their treatment are identified and utilized in clinical care. Section 3 deals with the future of HCV treatment and specific inhibitors of HCV. Specific chapters explain how targets for drugs are identified and how drugs are then developed and tested; how mutations of HCV develop and how anti-viral agents will affect this process; the most up to date data regarding the treatment of chronic HCV with peginterferon, ribavirin and anti-viral agents; and the potential to treat chronic HCV with just oral anti-viral agents and without peginterferon and ribavirin in the future. The final section of this book covers issues related to liver transplantation in patients with chronic HCV. Separate chapters review the natural history of chronic HCV in liver transplant recipients and the impact of utilizing HCV positive donors. The volume concludes with chapters that cover the treatment of chronic HCV both prior to and after liver transplantation with potent anti-viral agents. Chronic Hepatitis C Virus: Lessons from the Past, Promise for the Future is a valuable resource for all physicians caring for patients with chronic HCV.