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Hemicelluloses and Lignin in Biorefineries

Hemicelluloses and Lignin in Biorefineries Book
Author : Jean-Luc Wertz,Magali Deleu,Séverine Coppée,Aurore Richel
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-10-16
ISBN : 1351762052
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hemicelluloses and Lignin in Biorefineries provides an understanding of lignocellulosic biomass, which is mainly composed of cellulose, hemicelluloses, and lignin. It promotes the valorization of these molecules in the context of the bioeconomy and presents hemicelluloses and lignin, which are generated in lignocellulosic biorefineries, as the molecules of the future. The viability of these molecules lies in their renewability and potential. This book covers all aspects of hemicelluloses and lignin including structure, biosynthesis, extraction, biodegradation, and conversion. The book also looks ahead to the socioeconomic and environmental value of biobased industry and emphasizes an understanding of the potential of lignocellulosic biomass.

Hemicelluloses

Hemicelluloses Book
Author : International Symposium on Xylans, Mannans and Other Hemicelluloses
Publisher : Amer Chemical Society
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This covers the isolation, analysis, chemistry, technology, and applications on hemicelluloses. (Midwest).

Carbohydrate Chemistry

Carbohydrate Chemistry Book
Author : J. S. Brimacombe
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 1976-07
ISBN : 0851860621
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbohydrate Chemistry provides review coverage of all publications relevant to the chemistry of monosaccharides and oligosaccharides in a given year. The amount of research in this field appearing in the organic chemical literature is increasing because of the enhanced importance of the subject, especially in areas of medicinal chemistry and biology. In no part of the field is this more apparent than in the synthesis of oligosaccharides required by scientists working in glycobiology. Clycomedicinal chemistry and its reliance on carbohydrate synthesis is now very well established, for example, by the preparation of specific carbohydrate- based antigens, especially cancer-specific oligosaccharides and glycoconjugates. Coverage of topics such as nucleosides, amino-sugars, alditols and cyclitols also covers much research of relevance to biological and medicinal chemistry. Each volume of the series brings together references to all published work in given areas of the subject and serves as a comprehensive database for the active research chemist Specialist Periodical Reports provide systematic and detailed review coverage in major areas of chemical research. Compiled by teams of leading authorities in the relevant subject areas, the series creates a unique service for the active research chemist, with regular, in-depth accounts of progress in particular fields of chemistry. Subject coverage within different volumes of a given title is similar and publication is on an annual or biennial basis.

Hemicelluloses

Hemicelluloses Book
Author : Klaus Fischer,Thomas Heinze
Publisher : Wiley-VCH
Release : 2006-05-12
ISBN : 9783527313358
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hemicelluloses, comprising the non-cellulose cell wall polysaccharides of vegetative and storage tissues of annual and perennial plants, represent an immense renewable resource of biopolymers. They occur in a large variety of structural types and are accessible to chemical functionalization reactions. In light of this, the volume gives information of the state of the art focusing on new plant sources, isolation methods, and characterization of structural features, physicochemical and various functional properties. Attention has been paid to derivatives prepared from these polysaccharides and to application possibilities of hemicelluloses or hemicellulosic materials.

Hemicelluloses

Hemicelluloses Book
Author : Thomas Heinze,Klaus Fischer
Publisher : Wiley-VCH
Release : 2006-05-12
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hemicelluloses, comprising the non-cellulose cell wall polysaccharides of vegetative and storage tissues of annual and perennial plants, represent an immense renewable resource of biopolymers. They occur in a large variety of structural types and are accessible to chemical functionalization reactions. In light of this, the volume gives information of the state of the art focusing on new plant sources, isolation methods, and characterization of structural features, physicochemical and various functional properties. Attention has been paid to derivatives prepared from these polysaccharides and to application possibilities of hemicelluloses or hemicellulosic materials.

Advances in Environmental Science and Engineering

Advances in Environmental Science and Engineering Book
Author : Reza Iranpour,Ji Zhao,Ai Jie Wang,Feng Lin Yang,Xin Yong Li
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2012-05-14
ISBN : 3038138312
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The present volumes contain selected papers in the fields of Environmental Chemistry and Biology; Environmental Materials; Environmental Safety and Health; Environmental Planning and Assessment; Environmental Analysis and Monitoring; Environmental Engineering; Pollution Control Projects (Air, Water, Solid); Waste Disposal and Recycling; Water Supply and Drainage Engineering; Sound, Noise and Vibration Control; Clean Production Processes; Hydrology and Water Resources Engineering; Architectural Environment & Equipment Engineering; Soil and Water Conservation and Desertification Control; Environmental Protection; Cultivation and Conservation of Forest; Plant Protection and Biotechnology; Geographic Information and Remote Sensing Science; Land Resources Environment and Urban Planning. This up-to-date, comprehensive and worldwide state-of-the art knowledge will be of great value to anyone working in these fields.

Biotechnology for Pulp and Paper Processing

Biotechnology for Pulp and Paper Processing Book
Author : Pratima Bajpai
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-02-14
ISBN : 981107853X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book provides the most up-to-date information available on various biotechnological processes useful in the pulp and paper industry. The first edition was published in 2011, covering a specific biotechnological process or technique, discussing the advantages, limitations, and prospects of the most important and popular processes used in the industry. Many new developments have taken place in the last five years, warranting a second edition on this topic. The new edition contains about 35% new material covering topics in Laccase application in fibreboard; biotechnology in forestry; pectinases in papermaking; stickies control with pectinase; products from hemicelluloses; value added products from biorefinery lignin; use of enzymes in mechanical pulping.

Nanomaterials and Nanocomposites

Nanomaterials and Nanocomposites Book
Author : Visakh P.M.,Maria Jos? Mart?nez Morlanes
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-06-27
ISBN : 3527337806
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanomaterials are defined as materials in which at least one length dimension is below 100 nanometers. In this size regime, these materials exhibit particular - and tunable - optical, electrical or mechanical properties that are not present at the macro-scale. This opens up the possibility for a plethora of applications at the interface of materials, chemistry, physics and biology, many of which have already entered the commercial realm. When nanomaterials are blended with other materials not necessarily in the nanometer regime, the resulting nanocomposites can exhibit dramatically different properties than the bulk material alone, leading to an enhanced performance in terms of, for example, increased thermal and mechanical stability. This book presents the synthesis, characterization and applications of nanomaterials and nanocomposites, covering zero-dimensional, elemental nanoparticles, one-dimensional materials such as nanorods and nanowhiskers, two-dimensional materials such as graphene and boron nitride as well as three-dimensional materials such as fullerenes, polyhedral oligomers and zeolites, complemented by bio-based nanomaterials, e.g., cellulose, chitin, starch and proteins. Introductory chapters on the state-of-the-art of nanomaterial research and the chemistry and physics in nanoscience and nanotechnology round off the book.

Ionic Liquids

Ionic Liquids Book
Author : Scott Handy
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2015-05-21
ISBN : 9535121227
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ionic liquids continue to attract a great deal of research attention in an even increasing number of areas, including more traditional areas such as synthesis (organic and materials) and physical properties studies and predictions, as well as less obvious areas such as lubrication and enzymatic transformations. In this volume, recent advances in a number of these different areas are reported and reviewed, thus granting some appreciation for the future that ionic liquids research holds, and affording inspiration for those who have not previously considered the application of ionic liquids in their area of interest.

Pulp Production and Processing

Pulp Production and Processing Book
Author : Valentin I. Popa
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2020-07-06
ISBN : 3110659212
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the aspects of cellulose obtained in correlation with its integration into the new concept of biorefining. The authors detail the individual steps of pulp manufacture as well as properties and fiber characterization techniques for paper, cellulose derivatives and processing by-products. This book is of interest to scientists and advanced students working in the fields of renewable resources and biorefining.

Progress in Environmental Protection and Processing of Resource

Progress in Environmental Protection and Processing of Resource Book
Author : Xiao Chun Tang,Wei Zhong,Da Chang Zhuang,Chun Sheng Li,Yan Yan Liu
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2013-02-13
ISBN : 3038260304
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The papers of this 4 volumes set on "Progress in Environmental Protection and Processing of Resource" are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Environmental Materials, Chemistry, Biology Technology and Progress; Chapter 2: Environmental Safety and Health; Chapter 3: Environmental Planning and Assessment; Chapter 4: Environmental Analysis, Modelling and Monitoring Chapter 5: Environmental Restoration Engineering, Treatment and Removal Technologies and Processes; Chapter 6: Environmental Pollution; Chapter 7: Waste Disposal and Recycling; Chapter 8: Hydrology and Water Resources, Management Applications; Chapter 9: Sound, Noise and Vibration Control, Seismic Applications; Chapter 10: Soil and Water Conservation and Desertification Control; Chapter 11: Eco-Environmental Protection and Environmental Management; Chapter 12: Plant Protection, Forest Cultivation and Conservation; Chapter 13: Geographic Information and Remote Sensing Science; Chapter 14: Land Resources Environment, Urban Planning and Applications; Chapter 15: Mineral Prospecting and Geological Exploration; Chapter 16: Mining Engineering and Coal Mining; Chapter 17: Mineral Process Engineering; Chapter 18: Oil and Gas Well Development Projects, Methan Fields Applications.

Handbook of Sustainable Polymers

Handbook of Sustainable Polymers Book
Author : Vijay Kumar Thakur,Manju Kumari Thakur
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-01-05
ISBN : 9814613541
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The 21st century offers vast challenges for researchers all around the globe, especially regarding the effective use of sustainable polymers and their materials for different applications. With this focus, sustainable polymers are now rising as one of the most feasible alternatives to traditional synthetic polymers/materials for a variety of industrial uses. This book is an archival reference for researchers and students working in the field of sustainable polymers and their applications in industry. It focuses on the processing and applications of diverse sustainable polymers procured from different biorenewable resources that have been rarely reported so far in a single book.

Gasoline Diesel and Ethanol Biofuels from Grasses and Plants

Gasoline  Diesel  and Ethanol Biofuels from Grasses and Plants Book
Author : Ram B. Gupta,Ayhan Demirbas
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2010-04-19
ISBN : 1139489062
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The world is currently faced with two significant problems: fossil fuel depletion and environmental degradation, which are continuously being exacerbated due to increasing global energy consumption. As a substitute for petroleum, renewable fuels have been receiving increasing attention due a variety of environmental, economic, and societal benefits. The first-generation biofuels - ethanol from sugar or corn and biodiesel from vegetable oils - are already on the market. The goal of thisbook is to introduce readers to second-generation biofuels obtained from non-food biomass, such as forest residue, agricultural residue, switch grass, corn stover, waste wood, municipal solid wastes, and so on. Various technologies are discussed, including cellulosic ethanol, biomass gasification, synthesis of diesel and gasoline, bio-crude by hydrothermal liquefaction, bio-oil by fast pyrolysis, and the upgradation of biofuel. This book strives to serve as a comprehensive document presenting various technological pathways and environmental and economic issues related to biofuels.

Journal of Agricultural Research

Journal of Agricultural Research Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1942
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Journal of Agricultural Research book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Biorefinery in the Pulp and Paper Industry

Biorefinery in the Pulp and Paper Industry Book
Author : Pratima Bajpai
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013-02-03
ISBN : 0124095305
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The traditional pulp and paper producers are facing new competitors in tropical and subtropical regions who use the latest and largest installed technologies, and also have wood and labor cost advantages. Due to the increasing global competition, the forest products prices will continue to decrease. To remain viable, the traditional producers need to increase revenue by producing bioenergy and biomaterials in addition to wood, pulp, and paper products. In this so-called Integrated Products Biorefinery, all product lines are highly integrated and energy efficient. Integrated Products Biorefineries present the forest products industry with a unique opportunity to increase revenues and improve environmental sustainability. Integrated Products Biorefinery technologies will allow industry to manufacture high-value chemicals, fuels, and/or electric power while continuing to produce traditional wood, pulp, and paper products. The industry already controls much of the raw material and infrastructure necessary to create Integrated Products Biorefineries, and Agenda 2020 partnerships are speeding development of the key enabling technologies. Once fully developed and commercialized, these technologies will produce enormous energy and environmental benefits for the industry and the nation. Biorefinery in the Pulp and Paper Industry presents the biorefining concept, the opportunities for the pulp and paper industry, and describes and discusses emerging biorefinery process options. This book also highlights the environmental impact and the complex and ambiguous decision-making challenges that mills will face when considering implementing the biorefinery. Provides up-to-date and authoritative information, citing pertinent research, on this timely and important topic Covers in great depth the biorefining concept, opportunities for the pulp and paper industry, and emerging biorefinery process options Highlights the environmental impact and the complex and ambiguous decision-making challenges that mills will face when considering implementing the biorefinery

Cereal Straw as a Resource for Sustainable Biomaterials and Biofuels

Cereal Straw as a Resource for Sustainable Biomaterials and Biofuels Book
Author : RunCang Sun
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-01-18
ISBN : 9780080932675
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Materials from renewable resources are receiving increased attention, as leading industries and manufacturers attempt to replace declining petrochemical-based feedstocks with products derived from natural biomass, such as cereal straws. Cereal straws are expected to play an important role in the shift toward a sustainable economy, and a basic knowledge of the composition and structure of cereal straw is the key to using it wisely. Cereal Straw as a Resource for Sustainable Biomaterials and Biofuels: Chemistry, Extractives, Lignins, Hemicelluloses and Cellulose provides an introduction to straw chemistry. Topics discussed include the structure, ultrastructure, and chemical composition of straw; the structure and isolation of extractives from the straw; the three main components of straw: cellulose, hemicelluloses, and lignins; and chemical modifications of straw for industrial applications. This book will be helpful to scientists interested in the areas of natural resource management, environmental chemistry, plant chemistry, material science, polysaccharide chemistry, and lignin chemistry. It will also be of interest to academic and industrial scientists/researchers interested in novel applications of agricultural residues for industrial and/or recycling technologies. Provides the basics of straw composition and the structure of its cell walls Details the procedures required to fractionate straw components to produce chemical derivatives from straw cellulose, hemicelluloses, and lignins Elucidates new techniques for the production of biodegradable materials for the energy sector, chemical industry, and pulp and paper business

Biohydrogen

Biohydrogen Book
Author : Ayhan Demirbas
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-06-30
ISBN : 1848825110
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biohydrogen: For Future Engine Fuel Demands covers the production, purification, storage, pipeline transport, usage, and safety of biohydrogen. Hydrogen promises to be the most significant fuel source of the future, due to its global availability and the fact that water is its only by-product. Biofuels such as bioethanol, biodiesel, bio-oil, and biohydrogen are produced using technologies for thermochemically and biologically converting biomass. Hydrogen fuel production technologies can make use of either non-renewable sources, or renewable sources such as wind, solar, and biorenewable resources. Biohydrogen: For Future Engine Fuel Demands reviews all of the modern biomass-based transportation fuels, including bioethanol, biodiesel, biogas, biohydrogen, and fuel cells. The book also discusses issues of biohydrogen economy, policy and environmental impact. Biohydrogen looks set to be the fuel of choice in the future, replacing both fossil fuels and biorenewable liquid fuels.

Biomass for Biofuels

Biomass for Biofuels Book
Author : Katarzyna Bulkowska,Zygmunt Mariusz Gusiatin,Ewa Klimiuk,Artur Pawlowski,Tomasz Pokoj
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-12-08
ISBN : 1351850091
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomass is a widely available resource, that can be characterized by its high production potential. Enabling the production of different types of biofuels, biomass can be used in both spark-ignition and compression-ignition engines. There is extensive knowledge of the biofuel production process, and technologies enabling the production of biofuels with high caloric value and better physicochemical properties are developed. The biggest barrier in the development of a biofuels market is not the lack of know-how, but economic and political aspects. Biomass for Biofuels presents technological aspects of biomass conversion into advanced biofuels. Also discussed are the influence of growing biofuels markets on the natural environment and social relations as well as economic aspects of acquisition of biomass and its processing into biofuels. In addition biomass characteristics are presented. A definition is provided, and its chemical composition and properties detailed. The focus is on lignocellulosic biomass, whose complex structure is a limiting factor for biofuels production via biological processes. For that reason, echanical, chemical and physicochemical methods that enable an increased availability for the microorganisms used for biomass conversion to biofuels are discussed.

Yearbook of Agriculture

Yearbook of Agriculture Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1950
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Yearbook of Agriculture book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.