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Heavy Oil Recovery And Upgrading

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Heavy Oil Recovery and Upgrading

Heavy Oil Recovery and Upgrading Book
Author : James G. Speight
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release : 2019-02-28
ISBN : 0128130261
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Heavy Oil Recovery and Upgrading covers properties, factors, methods and all current and upcoming processes, giving engineers, new and experienced, the full spectrum of recovery choices, including SAGD, horizontal well technology, and hybrid approaches. Moving on to the upgrading and refining of the product, the book also includes information on in situ upgrading, refining options, and hydrogen production. Rounding out with environmental effects, management methods on refinery waste, and the possible future configurations within the refinery, this book provides engineers with a single source to make decisions and manage the full range of challenges. Presents the properties, mechanisms, screening criteria and field applications for heavy oil enhanced recovery projects Includes current upgrading options and future methods for refining heavy oil development Fills in the gaps between literature and practical application for everyday industry reference

Toe to heel Air Injection Process for Heavy Oil Recovery and Upgrading

 Toe to heel Air Injection  Process for Heavy Oil Recovery and Upgrading Book
Author : Muftah Saad Werfilli
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2002
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Toe to heel Air Injection Process for Heavy Oil Recovery and Upgrading book written by Muftah Saad Werfilli, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Sovent Based Enhanced Oil Recovery for In Situ Upgrading of Heavy Oil Sands

Sovent Based Enhanced Oil Recovery for In Situ Upgrading of Heavy Oil Sands Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With the depletion of conventional crude oil reserves in the world, heavy oil and bitumen resources have great potential to meet the future demand for petroleum products. However, oil recovery from heavy oil and bitumen reservoirs is much more difficult than that from conventional oil reservoirs. This is mainly because heavy oil or bitumen is partially or completely immobile under reservoir conditions due to its extremely high viscosity, which creates special production challenges. In order to overcome these challenges significant efforts were devoted by Applied Research Center (ARC) at Florida International University and The Center for Energy Economics (CEE) at the University of Texas. A simplified model was developed to assess the density of the upgraded crude depending on the ratio of solvent mass to crude oil mass, temperature, pressure and the properties of the crude oil. The simplified model incorporated the interaction dynamics into a homogeneous, porous heavy oil reservoir to simulate the dispersion and concentration of injected CO2. The model also incorporated the characteristic of a highly varying CO2 density near the critical point. Since the major challenge in heavy oil recovery is its high viscosity, most researchers have focused their investigations on this parameter in the laboratory as well as in the field resulting in disparaging results. This was attributed to oil being a complex poly-disperse blend of light and heavy paraffins, aromatics, resins and asphaltenes, which have diverse behaviors at reservoir temperature and pressures. The situation is exacerbated by a dearth of experimental data on gas diffusion coefficients in heavy oils due to the tedious nature of diffusivity measurements. Ultimately, the viscosity and thus oil recovery is regulated by pressure and its effect on the diffusion coefficient and oil swelling factors. The generation of a new phase within the crude and the differences in mobility between the new crude matrix and the precipitate readily enables removal of asphaltenes. Thus, an upgraded crude low in heavy metal, sulfur and nitrogen is more conducive for further purification.

Subsurface Upgrading of Heavy Crude Oils and Bitumen

Subsurface Upgrading of Heavy Crude Oils and Bitumen Book
Author : Cesar Ovalles
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-08-01
ISBN : 1351721089
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Heavy crude oils and bitumen represent more than 50% of all hydrocarbons available on the planet. These feedstocks have a low amount of distillable material and high level of contaminants that makes their production, transportation, and refining difficult and costly by conventional technologies. Subsurface upgrading of heavy crude oils and bitumen is of interest to the petroleum industry mainly because of the advantages compared to aboveground counterparts. This book presents an “in depth” account and a critical review of the progress of industry and academia in the area of subsurface upgrading of heavy, extra-heavy oils and bitumen, as reported in the patent and open literature.

Fossil Energy Update

Fossil Energy Update Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1981
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

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Heavy Oil and Tar Sands Recovery and Upgrading International Technology

Heavy Oil and Tar Sands Recovery and Upgrading   International Technology Book
Author : Schumacher MM Ed
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1982
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Heavy Oil and Tar Sands Recovery and Upgrading International Technology book written by Schumacher MM Ed, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Heavy and Extra heavy Oil Upgrading Technologies

Heavy and Extra heavy Oil Upgrading Technologies Book
Author : James G. Speight
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release : 2013-04-12
ISBN : 0124017479
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Unconventional reservoirs of oil and gas represent a huge additional global source of fossil fuels. However, there is much still to be done to improve techniques for their processing to make recovery and refining of these particular energy sources more cost-effective. Brief but readable, Heavy and Extra-heavy Oil Upgrading Technologies provide readers with a strategy for future production (the up-stream) and upgrading (the down-stream). The book provides the reader with an understandable overview of the chemistry and engineering behind the latest developments and technologies in the industry as well as the various environmental regulations. Clear and rigorous, Heavy and Extra-heavy Oil Upgrading Technologies will prove tool for those scientists and engineers already engaged in fossil fuel science and technology as well as scientists, non-scientists, engineers, and non-engineers who wish to gain a general overview or update of the science and technology of unconventional fossil fuels in general and upgrading technologies in particular. The use of microorganisms and a number of physical methods, such as ultrasound, median microwave, cold plasma, electrokinetic and monocrystalline intermetallics, etc., will be discussed for the first time. Overview of the chemistry, engineering, and technology of oil sands Microorganisms and a number of physical methods such as ultrasound, median microwave, cold plasma, electrokinetic and monocrystalline intermetallics Evolving and new environmental regulations regarding oil sands production processes

Introduction to Enhanced Recovery Methods for Heavy Oil and Tar Sands

Introduction to Enhanced Recovery Methods for Heavy Oil and Tar Sands Book
Author : James G. Speight
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release : 2016-02-24
ISBN : 0128018755
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Introduction to Enhanced Recovery Methods for Heavy Oil and Tar Sands, Second Edition, explores the importance of enhanced oil recovery (EOR) and how it has grown in recent years thanks to the increased need to locate unconventional resources such as heavy oil and shale. Unfortunately, petroleum engineers and managers aren't always well-versed in the enhancement methods that are available when needed or the most economically viable solution to maximize their reservoir’s productivity. This revised new edition presents all the current methods of recovery available, including the pros and cons of each. Expanded and updated as a great preliminary text for the newcomer to the industry or subject matter, this must-have EOR guide teaches all the basics needed, including all thermal and non-thermal methods, along with discussions of viscosity, sampling, and the technologies surrounding offshore applications. Enables users to quickly learn how to choose the most efficient recovery method for their reservoir while evaluating economic conditions Presents the differences between each method of recovery with newly added real-world case studies from around the world Helps readers stay competitive with the growing need of extracting unconventional resources with new content on how these complex reservoirs interact with injected reservoir fluids

Heavy Oil and Tar Sands Recovery and Upgrading

Heavy Oil and Tar Sands Recovery and Upgrading Book
Author : M. M. Schumacher
Publisher : Noyes Publications
Release : 1982-01-01
ISBN : 9780815508939
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Heavy Oil and Tar Sands Recovery and Upgrading book written by M. M. Schumacher, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Energy Developments New Forms Renewables Conservation

Energy Developments  New Forms  Renewables  Conservation Book
Author : Fred A. Curtis
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-09-17
ISBN : 148318949X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Energy Developments: New Forms, Renewables, Conservation is a collection of papers that discusses alternative energy sources. In discussing these energy sources, the text considers factors such as technical, economic, and human dimensions. The first part of the text presents articles that cover forms of energy, such as the feasibility of coal gasification and electric power from salinity gradients by reverse electrodialysis. Next, the book reviews materials about renewable forms of energy that include genetically improved hardwoods as a potential energy source and heat pump investigations for northern climate applications. In the last part, the text provides studies that deal with energy conservation, such as shared savings financing for energy efficiency and consumer information, and government energy conservation incentive programs. The book will be of use to scientists, engineers, and technicians involved in the research, development, and implementation of alternative energy technology.

Upgrading and Enhanced Recovery of Jobo Heavy Oil Using Hydrogen Donor Under In situ Combustion

Upgrading and Enhanced Recovery of Jobo Heavy Oil Using Hydrogen Donor Under In situ Combustion Book
Author : Samir Huseynzade
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In-situ upgrading of oil using hydrogen donors is a new process. In particular, very little research has been conducted with respect to in-situ oil upgrading using hydrogen donor under in-situ combustion. Several papers describe the use of metal additives mixed with oil and their influence on oil properties such as viscosity and API gravity. The main objective of my research is to determine if a catalyst mixed with a hydrogen donor (tetralin) is going to affect the Jobo crude oil properties while undergoing in-situ combustion. Six runs were performed with Jobo crude oil (9-11°API) from the Orinoco Belt in Venezuela. Four of the runs were successful. Two of them are base runs; the remaining ones are with tetralin with concentration of 5 wt% (of oil) and catalyst with concentration of 750 ppm. For all runs, the following were kept constant: the air injection rate (3 std. L/min) and production (combustion tube outlet) pressure, 300 psig. Concentration by weight of oil, water, and sand in the samples were approximately 4.8%, 4.2%, and 91% respectively. Oil viscosity at the end of combustion at 40°C decreased from 42.3 and 73.6 to 16.6 and 25.2; API gravity at the end of combustion increased from 18.4 and 16.8 to 20 and 18.8. Oil recovery is higher; combustion front velocity is faster in the case of additives, water production decreased. Since oil viscosity decreased and API gravity increased oil moves faster and consequently combustion time is lower.

Heavy Oil Production Processes

Heavy Oil Production Processes Book
Author : James G. Speight
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release : 2013-03-05
ISBN : 0124017487
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As conventional-oil resources are depleted worldwide, vast heavy oil reserves available in various parts of the world become increasingly important as a secure future energy source. Brief but readable, Heavy Oil Production Processes discusses the latest improvements in production processes including; thermal methods (steam floods, cyclic steam stimulation, SAGD) as well as non-thermal methods (cold flow with sand production, cyclic solvent process, VAPEX). The book begins with an overview of the chemistry, engineering, and technology of heavy oil as they evolve into the twenty-first century. The preceding chapters are written to provide a basic understanding of each technology, evolving processes and new processes as well as the various environmental regulations. Clear and rigorous, Heavy Oil Production Processes will prove useful for those scientists and engineers already engaged in fossil fuel science and technology as well as scientists, non-scientists, engineers, and non-engineers who wish to gain a general overview or update of the science and technology of fossil fuels. The not only does the book discuss the production processes but also provides methods which should reduce environmental footprint and improve profitability. Overview of the chemistry, engineering, and technology of oil sands Updates on the evolving processes and new processes Evolving and new environmental regulations regarding oil sands production

Energy Research Abstracts

Energy Research Abstracts Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1989
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

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The Chemistry and Technology of Petroleum

The Chemistry and Technology of Petroleum Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-02-26
ISBN : 1439873909
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With demand for petroleum products increasing worldwide, there is a tendency for existing refineries to seek new approaches to optimize efficiency and throughput. In addition, changes in product specifications due to environmental regulations greatly influence the development of petroleum refining technologies. These factors underlie the need for t

Processing of Heavy Crude Oils

Processing of Heavy Crude Oils Book
Author : Ramasamy Marappa Gounder
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019-12-18
ISBN : 1839684097
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Processing of Heavy Crude Oils book written by Ramasamy Marappa Gounder, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Experimental Study of In situ Upgrading for Heavy Oil Using Hydrogen Donors and Catalyst Under Steam Injection Condition

Experimental Study of In situ Upgrading for Heavy Oil Using Hydrogen Donors and Catalyst Under Steam Injection Condition Book
Author : Zhiyong Zhang
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This research is a study of the in-situ upgrading of Jobo crude oil using steam, tetralin or decalin, and catalyst (Fe(acac)3) at temperatures of 250 °C, 275 °C and 300 °C for 24 hours, 48 hours and 72 hours using an autoclave. Viscosity, API gravity and compositional changes were investigated. We found that tetralin and decalin alone were good solvents for heavy oil recovery. Tetralin or decalin at concentrations of 9% (weight basis) could reduce the Jobo crude oil viscosity measured at 50 °C by 44±2% and 39±3%. Steam alone had some upgrading effects. It could reduce the oil viscosity by 10% after 48 hours of contact at 300°C. Tetralin, decalin or catalyst showed some upgrading effects when used together with steam and caused 5.4±4%, 4±1% and 19±3% viscosity reduction compared with corresponding pre-upgrading mixture after 48 hours of reaction at 300°C. The combination of hydrogen donor tetralin or decalin and catalyst reduced the viscosity of the mixture the most, by 56±1% and 72±1% compared with pre-upgrading mixture. It meant that hydrogen donors and catalyst had strong synergetic effects on heavy oil upgrading. We also found that 300 °C was an effective temperature for heavy oil upgrading with obvious viscosity reduction in the presence of steam, hydrogen donors and catalyst. Reaction can be considered to have reached almost equilibrium condition after 48 hours. The GC-MS analysis of the gas component showed that light hydrocarbon gases and CO2 were generated after reaction. The viscosity reduction from decalin use is larger than that of tetralin because decalin has more hydrogen atoms per molecule than tetralin. A mechanism of transferring H (hydrogen atom) from H2O and hydrogen donors to heavy oil, which can lead to structure and composition changes in heavy oil, is explained. The study has demonstrated that in-situ heavy oil upgrading has great potential applications in heavy and extra heavy oil recovery.

Advances in Petroleum Recovery Upgrading Technology

Advances in Petroleum Recovery   Upgrading Technology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1986
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

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Numerical Simulation of Heavy Oil and Bitumen Recovery and Upgrading Techniques

Numerical Simulation of Heavy Oil and Bitumen Recovery and Upgrading Techniques Book
Author : Muhammad Rabiu Ado
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Numerical Simulation of Heavy Oil and Bitumen Recovery and Upgrading Techniques book written by Muhammad Rabiu Ado, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Science and Technology of Unconventional Oils

The Science and Technology of Unconventional Oils Book
Author : M. M. Ramirez-Corredores
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-05-18
ISBN : 0128013397
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book, The Science and Technology of Unconventional Oils: Finding Refining Opportunities, intends to report the collective physical and chemical knowledge of unconventional oils (heavy, extra-heavy, sour/acid, and shale oil) and the issues associated with their refining for the production of transportation fuels. It will focus on the discussion of the scientific results and technology activities of the refining of unconventional oils. The presence of reactive and refractory compounds and components that negatively impact refining processing (the "bad actors") are discussed and analyzed. The commercially available technologies, with their reported improvements and emerging ideas, concepts, and technologies, are described. This comprehensive overview constitutes the basis for establishing technology gaps, and in return sets the science and technology needs to be addressed in the future. In summary, this book incorporates the relevant knowledge of processing unconventional crude oils and of the "Bottom-of-the-Barrel" fraction, describing the related commercially available and emerging technologies to contribute to the identification of existing gaps. Relates physicochemical properties and phenomenological behavior of unconventional oils to refining challenges Describes commercially available technologies and the problems they solve Lists recent improvements in various processes and identifies technology gaps Explains emerging new refining technologies and the problems they solve Discusses future needs and challenges, and suggests further research and development needs

Refinery Feedstocks

Refinery Feedstocks Book
Author : James G. Speight
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-10-21
ISBN : 0429675658
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over the last several decades, the petroleum industry has experienced significant changes in resource availability, petro-politics, and technological advancements dictated by the changing quality of refinery feedstocks. However, the dependence on fossil fuels as the primary energy source has remained unchanged. Refinery Feedstocks addresses the problems of changing feedstock availability and properties; the refining process; and solids deposition during refining. This book will take the reader through the various steps that are necessary for crude oil evaluation and refining including the potential for the use of coal liquids, shale oil, and non-fossil fuel materials (biomass) as refinery feedstocks. Other features: Describes the various types of crude oil and includes a discussion of extra heavy oil and tar sand bitumen Includes basic properties and specifications of crude oil and the significance in refinery operations This book is a handy reference for engineers, scientists, and students who want an update on crude oil refining and on the direction the industry must take to assure the refinability of various feedstocks and the efficiency of the refining processes in the next fifty years. Non-technical readers, with help from the extensive glossary, will also benefit from reading this book.