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Heavy Duty Electric Vehicles

Heavy Duty Electric Vehicles Book
Author : Shashank Arora,Alireza Tashakori Abkenar,Shantha Gamini Jayasinghe,Kari Tammi
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2021-03-08
ISBN : 0128181273
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Heavy-Duty Electric Vehicles: From Concept to Reality presents a step-by-step design and development guide for heavy-duty electric vehicles. It also offers practical insights based on the commercial application of an electric city bus. Heavy-duty electric vehicle design is challenging due to a lack of clear understanding of the government policies, R&D directions and uncertainty around the performance of various subsystems in an electric powertrain. Therefore, this book discusses key technical aspects of motors, power electronics, batteries and vehicle control systems, and outlines the system integration strategies necessary for design and safe operation of electric vehicles in practice. This comprehensive book serves as a guide to engineers and decision makers involved in electric vehicle development programs and assists them in finding the suitable electric powertrain solution for a given heavy-duty vehicle application. Offers an overview of various standards and regulations that guide the electric vehicle design process and a comprehensive discussion on various government policies and incentive schemes propelling the growth of heavy electric vehicle markets across the world; Provides a comparative evaluation of different electric drivetrain concepts and a step-by-step power calculation guide for heavy-duty electric powertrain; Explains material selection and manufacturing methods for next generation batteries; Discusses key elements and design rules for creating a robust high voltage energy storage system, appropriate packaging and its support systems including charging network; Includes a concise description of torque mapping, power management and fault handling strategies for inverter drive and control systems; Features case studies to better understand complex topics like charging system requirements and vehicle control system diagnostics.

Rapid Charging and Battery Management for Heavy Duty Electric Vehicles

Rapid Charging and Battery Management for Heavy Duty Electric Vehicles Book
Author : Frank Lambert,Georgia Institute of Technology. School of Electrical and Computer Engineering. Project no. E-21-R59
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2001
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Rapid Charging and Battery Management for Heavy Duty Electric Vehicles book written by Frank Lambert,Georgia Institute of Technology. School of Electrical and Computer Engineering. Project no. E-21-R59, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Statistical Characterization of Medium Duty Electric Vehicle Drive Cycles

Statistical Characterization of Medium Duty Electric Vehicle Drive Cycles Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In an effort to help commercialize technologies for electric vehicles (EVs) through deployment and demonstration projects, the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) provided funding to participating U.S. companies to cover part of the cost of purchasing new EVs. Within the medium- and heavy-duty commercial vehicle segment, both Smith Electric Newton and and Navistar eStar vehicles qualified for such funding opportunities. In an effort to evaluate the performance characteristics of the new technologies deployed in these vehicles operating under real world conditions, data from Smith Electric and Navistar medium-duty EVs were collected, compiled, and analyzed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL) Fleet Test and Evaluation team over a period of 3 years. More than 430 Smith Newton EVs have provided data representing more than 150,000 days of operation. Similarly, data have been collected from more than 100 Navistar eStar EVs, resulting in a comparative total of more than 16,000 operating days. Combined, NREL has analyzed more than 6 million kilometers of driving and 4 million hours of charging data collected from commercially operating medium-duty electric vehicles in various configurations. In this paper, extensive duty-cycle statistical analyses are performed to examine and characterize common vehicle dynamics trends and relationships based on in-use field data. The results of these analyses statistically define the vehicle dynamic and kinematic requirements for each vehicle, aiding in the selection of representative chassis dynamometer test cycles and the development of custom drive cycles that emulate daily operation. In this paper, the methodology and accompanying results of the duty-cycle statistical analysis are presented and discussed. Results are presented in both graphical and tabular formats illustrating a number of key relationships between parameters observed within the data set that relate to medium duty EVs.

Medium and Heavy duty Vehicle R D Strategic Plan

Medium  and Heavy duty Vehicle R D Strategic Plan Book
Author : United States. Department of Transportation
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Medium and Heavy duty Vehicle R D Strategic Plan book written by United States. Department of Transportation, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Plug in Hybrid Electric Vehicle PHEV

Plug in Hybrid Electric Vehicle  PHEV  Book
Author : Joeri Van Mierlo
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-08-27
ISBN : 3039214535
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate change, urban air quality, and dependency on crude oil are important societal challenges. In the transportation sector especially, clean and energy efficient technologies must be developed. Electric vehicles (EVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) have gained a growing interest in the vehicle industry. Nowadays, the commercialization of EVs and PHEVs has been possible in different applications (i.e., light duty, medium duty, and heavy duty vehicles) thanks to the advances in energy storage systems, power electronics converters (including DC/DC converters, DC/AC inverters, and battery charging systems), electric machines, and energy efficient power flow control strategies. This book is based on the Special Issue of the journal Applied Sciences on “Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs)”. This collection of research articles includes topics such as novel propulsion systems, emerging power electronics and their control algorithms, emerging electric machines and control techniques, energy storage systems, including BMS, and efficient energy management strategies for hybrid propulsion, vehicle-to-grid (V2G), vehicle-to-home (V2H), grid-to-vehicle (G2V) technologies, and wireless power transfer (WPT) systems.

Fundamentals of Medium Heavy Duty Commercial Vehicle Systems

Fundamentals of Medium Heavy Duty Commercial Vehicle Systems Book
Author : Owen C. Duffy,Gus Wright
Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Publishers
Release : 2015-07-20
ISBN : 1284041174
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Based on the 2014 National Automotive Technicians Education Foundation (NATEF) Medium/Heavy Truck Tasks Lists and ASE Certification Test Series for truck and bus specialists, Fundamentals of Medium/Heavy Duty Commercial Vehicle Systems is designed to address these and other international training standards. The text offers comprehensive coverage of every NATEF task with clarity and precision in a concise format that ensures student comprehension and encourages critical thinking. Fundamentals of Medium-Heavy Duty Commercial Vehicle Systems describes safe and effective diagnostic, repair, and maintenance procedures for today’s medium and heavy vehicle chassis systems, including the most current, relevant, and practical coverage of: • Automated transmissions • Braking system technology used in vehicle stability, collision avoidance, and new stopping distance standards • Hybrid drive powertrains • Advanced battery technologies • On board vehicle networks and integrated chassis electr

Plug In Electric Vehicles

Plug In Electric Vehicles Book
Author : David B. Sandalow
Publisher : Brookings Institution Press
Release : 2009-09-01
ISBN : 9780815703488
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plug-in electric vehicles are coming. Major automakers plan to commercialize their first models soon, while Israel and Denmark have ambitious plans to electrify large portions of their vehicle fleets. No technology has greater potential to end the United States' crippling dependence on oil, which leaves the nation vulnerable to price shocks, supply disruptions, environmental degradation, and national security threats including terrorism. What does the future hold for this critical technology, and what should the U.S. government do to promote it? Hybrid vehicles now number more than one million on America's roads, and they are in high demand from consumers. The next major technological step is the plug-in electric vehicle. It combines an internal combustion engine and electric motor, just as hybrids do. But unlike their precursors, PEVs can be recharged from standard electric outlets, meaning the vehicles would no longer be dependent on oil. Widespread growth in the use of PEVs would dramatically reduce oil dependence, cut driving costs and reduce pollution from vehicles. National security would be enhanced, as reduced oil dependence decreases the leverage and resources of petroleum exporters. Brookings fellow David Sandalow heads up an authoritative team of experts including former government officials, private-sector analysts, academic experts, and nongovernmental advocates. Together they explain the current landscape for PEVs: the technology, the economics, and the implications for national security and the environment. They examine how the national interest could be served by federal promotion and investment in PEVs. For example, can tax or procurement policy advance the cause of PEVs? Should the public sector contribute to greater research and development? Should the government insist on PEVs to replenish its huge fleet of official vehicles? Plug-in electric vehicles are coming. But how soon, in what numbers, and to what effect? Federal policies in the years ahead will go a long way toward answering those questions. David Sandalow and his colleagues examine what could be done in that regard, as well as what should be done.

Reducing Fuel Consumption and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Medium and Heavy Duty Vehicles Phase Two

Reducing Fuel Consumption and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Medium  and Heavy Duty Vehicles  Phase Two Book
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Transportation Research Board,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Board on Energy and Environmental Systems,Committee on Assessment of Technologies and Approaches for Reducing the Fuel Consumption of Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles, Phase Two
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2020-06-15
ISBN : 0309496357
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Medium- and heavy-duty trucks, motor coaches, and transit buses - collectively, "medium- and heavy-duty vehicles", or MHDVs - are used in every sector of the economy. The fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emissions of MHDVs have become a focus of legislative and regulatory action in the past few years. This study is a follow-on to the National Research Council's 2010 report, Technologies and Approaches to Reducing the Fuel Consumption of Medium-and Heavy-Duty Vehicles. That report provided a series of findings and recommendations on the development of regulations for reducing fuel consumption of MHDVs. On September 15, 2011, NHTSA and EPA finalized joint Phase I rules to establish a comprehensive Heavy-Duty National Program to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and fuel consumption for on-road medium- and heavy-duty vehicles. As NHTSA and EPA began working on a second round of standards, the National Academies issued another report, Reducing the Fuel Consumption and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles, Phase Two: First Report, providing recommendations for the Phase II standards. This third and final report focuses on a possible third phase of regulations to be promulgated by these agencies in the next decade.

United States Code 2006 Edition Supplement IV

United States Code 2006 Edition Supplement IV Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Government Printing Office
Release : 2021-10-17
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download United States Code 2006 Edition Supplement IV book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Technologies and Approaches to Reducing the Fuel Consumption of Medium and Heavy Duty Vehicles

Technologies and Approaches to Reducing the Fuel Consumption of Medium  and Heavy Duty Vehicles Book
Author : National Research Council,Transportation Research Board,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Board on Energy and Environmental Systems,Committee to Assess Fuel Economy Technologies for Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2010-08-30
ISBN : 0309149827
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Technologies and Approaches to Reducing the Fuel Consumption of Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles evaluates various technologies and methods that could improve the fuel economy of medium- and heavy-duty vehicles, such as tractor-trailers, transit buses, and work trucks. The book also recommends approaches that federal agencies could use to regulate these vehicles' fuel consumption. Currently there are no fuel consumption standards for such vehicles, which account for about 26 percent of the transportation fuel used in the U.S. The miles-per-gallon measure used to regulate the fuel economy of passenger cars. is not appropriate for medium- and heavy-duty vehicles, which are designed above all to carry loads efficiently. Instead, any regulation of medium- and heavy-duty vehicles should use a metric that reflects the efficiency with which a vehicle moves goods or passengers, such as gallons per ton-mile, a unit that reflects the amount of fuel a vehicle would use to carry a ton of goods one mile. This is called load-specific fuel consumption (LSFC). The book estimates the improvements that various technologies could achieve over the next decade in seven vehicle types. For example, using advanced diesel engines in tractor-trailers could lower their fuel consumption by up to 20 percent by 2020, and improved aerodynamics could yield an 11 percent reduction. Hybrid powertrains could lower the fuel consumption of vehicles that stop frequently, such as garbage trucks and transit buses, by as much 35 percent in the same time frame.

United States Code

United States Code Book
Author : United States
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2013
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"The United States Code is the official codification of the general and permanent laws of the United States of America. The Code was first published in 1926, and a new edition of the code has been published every six years since 1934. The 2012 edition of the Code incorporates laws enacted through the One Hundred Twelfth Congress, Second Session, the last of which was signed by the President on January 15, 2013. It does not include laws of the One Hundred Thirteenth Congress, First Session, enacted between January 2, 2013, the date it convened, and January 15, 2013. By statutory authority this edition may be cited "U.S.C. 2012 ed." As adopted in 1926, the Code established prima facie the general and permanent laws of the United States. The underlying statutes reprinted in the Code remained in effect and controlled over the Code in case of any discrepancy. In 1947, Congress began enacting individual titles of the Code into positive law. When a title is enacted into positive law, the underlying statutes are repealed and the title then becomes legal evidence of the law. Currently, 26 of the 51 titles in the Code have been so enacted. These are identified in the table of titles near the beginning of each volume. The Law Revision Counsel of the House of Representatives continues to prepare legislation pursuant to 2 U.S.C. 285b to enact the remainder of the Code, on a title-by-title basis, into positive law. The 2012 edition of the Code was prepared and published under the supervision of Ralph V. Seep, Law Revision Counsel. Grateful acknowledgment is made of the contributions by all who helped in this work, particularly the staffs of the Office of the Law Revision Counsel and the Government Printing Office"--Preface.

Code of Federal Regulations

Code of Federal Regulations Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Special edition of the Federal Register, containing a codification of documents of general applicability and future effect ... with ancillaries.

Hybrid Electric Vehicles

Hybrid Electric Vehicles Book
Author : Teresa Donateo
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2017-06-21
ISBN : 9535132970
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book on hybrid electric vehicles brings out six chapters on some of the research activities through the wide range of current issues on hybrid electric vehicles. The first section deals with two interesting applications of HEVs, namely, urban buses and heavy duty working machines. The second one groups papers related to the optimization of the electricity flows in a hybrid electric vehicle, starting from the optimization of recharge in PHEVs through advance storage systems, new motor technologies, and integrated starter-alternator technologies. A comprehensive analysis of the technologies used in HEVs is beyond the aim of the book. However, the content of this volume can be useful to scientists and students to broaden their knowledge of technologies and application of hybrid electric vehicles.

Electric Vehicle Integration in a Smart Microgrid Environment

Electric Vehicle Integration in a Smart Microgrid Environment Book
Author : Mohammad Saad Alam,Mahesh Krishnamurthy
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-08-19
ISBN : 1000393003
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Electric Vehicle Integration in a Smart Microgrid Environment The growing demand for energy in today’s world, especially in the Middle East and Southeast Asia, has been met with massive exploitation of fossil fuels, resulting in an increase in environmental pollutants. In order to mitigate the issues arising from conventional internal combustion engine-powered vehicles, there has been a considerable acceleration in the adoption of electric vehicles (EVs). Research has shown that the impact of fossil fuel use in transportation and surging demand in power owing to the growing EV charging infrastructure can potentially be minimalized by smart microgrids. As EVs find wider acceptance with major advancements in high efficiency drivetrain and vehicle design, it has become clear that there is a need for a system-level understanding of energy storage and management in a microgrid environment. Practical issues, such as fleet management, coordinated operation, repurposing of batteries, and environmental impact of recycling and disposal, need to be carefully studied in the context of an ageing grid infrastructure. This book explores such a perspective with contributions from leading experts on planning, analysis, optimization, and management of electrified transportation and the transportation infrastructure. The primary purpose of this book is to capture state-of-the-art development in smart microgrid management with EV integration and their applications. It also aims to identify potential research directions and technologies that will facilitate insight generation in various domains, from smart homes to smart cities, and within industry, business, and consumer applications. We expect the book to serve as a reference for a larger audience, including power system architects, practitioners, developers, new researchers, and graduate-level students, especially for emerging clean energy and transportation electrification sectors in the Middle East and Southeast Asia.

United States Statutes at Large V 121 2007 110th Congress First Session Pts 1 2

United States Statutes at Large  V  121  2007  110th Congress  First Session  Pts  1 2 Book
Author : United States
Publisher : Government Printing Office
Release : 2021-10-17
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download United States Statutes at Large V 121 2007 110th Congress First Session Pts 1 2 book written by United States, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

United States Statutes at Large

United States Statutes at Large Book
Author : United States
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download United States Statutes at Large book written by United States, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Journal of the House of Representatives of the United States

Journal of the House of Representatives of the United States Book
Author : United States. Congress. House
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Some vols. include supplemental journals of "such proceedings of the sessions, as, during the time they were depending, were ordered to be kept secret, and respecting which the injunction of secrecy was afterwards taken off by the order of the House".

Miscellaneous Tax Reforms

Miscellaneous Tax Reforms Book
Author : United States,United States. Congress. House. Committee on Ways and Means
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1996
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Miscellaneous Tax Reforms book written by United States,United States. Congress. House. Committee on Ways and Means, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Fuel Economy Emission and Economics Analysis of Alternative Fueled Medium and Heavy duty Vehicles

Fuel Economy  Emission and Economics Analysis of Alternative Fueled Medium  and Heavy duty Vehicles Book
Author : Lin Zhu
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 9781321364354
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The US EPA and NHTSA jointly adopted greenhouse gas emission and fuel economy regulations for medium- and heavy-duty trucks. In the regulations, detailed advanced technology options are described with corresponding fuel economy and Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emission improvement goals. Alternative fuel/powertrains are the primary options available to satisfy the regulations.In this thesis, natural gas, electricity, and hydrogen fuels, as well as diesel-hybrid electric powertrains, are evaluated with respect to their fuel economy and cost. Detailed vehicle models were constructed for use with the ADVISOR models and typical driving cycles were used to simulate heavy-duty and medium-duty truck operation in urban and long haul applications. Breakeven fuel prices for various fuel/powertrain combinations were calculated and compared with reference fuel prices, in order to determine the economic attractiveness of each combination. Scenario based on Model Year (MY) 2010-2013 and projected MY 2025-2030 were developed in order to evaluate the current and future market potential for each fuel/powertrain combination. Using today's vehicle attributes (MY 2010-2013) for Class 8 trucks, the results indicated that CNG vehicles were more economically attractive than LNG vehicles for both conventional powertrains and hybrid-electric powertrains. For similar driving distances, CNG vehicles had slightly lower fuel economy than their LNG counterparts but a much lower initial cost difference because of the lower cost of CNG on-board gas storage. For medium-duty trucks, the economics results indicated that CNG conventional trucks are attractive in most urban applications for a broad range of VMT and payback time combinations. CNG-hybrid vehicles were attractive for annual travel less than 26,000 miles and paybacks of less than three years. The other fuel/powertrain combinations were not attractive because the fuel cost savings with fuels other than diesel did not compensate for the high initial cost differentials associated with the alternative powertrains. However, those EVs emit least GHG, reducing 35% and 45% CO2 emission compared to baseline vehicles, for heavy-duty and medium-duty vehicles, respectively.In the future scenarios (MY 2025-2030), future Class 8 trucks achieve 74% better fuel economy on average than today's vehicles (MY 2010-2013). The most economically attractive option for Class 8 trucks in the 2030 scenario was the diesel hybrid-electric. The natural gas conventional and natural gas hybrid-electric vehicles were also generally superior to the updated diesel technology, with the CNG SI vehicles being somewhat more attractive than the LNG vehicles. The fuel cell vehicles are attractive for most applications if the cost of hydrogen is less than about $5/kg. All the powertrains having low speed, electric drive capability are attractive for the port applications. For the medium-duty delivery trucks in 2030, the economics analyses indicated that most of the fuel/powertrain combinations were attractive with the advanced technologies, primarily due to the reductions in the component costs. The fuel cell trucks are economically attractive for almost all applications if the cost of hydrogen is less than about $6/kg. The CNG conventional and hybrid-electric trucks are also attractive under a number of circumstances especially in urban applications. Even the battery powered trucks are economically viable for a three year payback and electricity less than about 12 cents/kWh in urban applications. These results indicate that it is valuable to start investing in alternative fueled vehicles now with a view toward the future. Natural gas vehicles, especially those using compressed gas storage, are good alternative options in the short-term. Given expected technology and cost improvements in batteries and fuel cells, in the long run electric and fuel cell vehicles are the most promising future fuel/powertrain options.