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Heat Exposure And Human Health In The Context Of Climate Change

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Heat Exposure and Human Health in the Context of Climate Change

Heat Exposure and Human Health in the Context of Climate Change Book
Author : Yuming Guo,Shanshan Li
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-11-15
ISBN : 9780128190807
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Heat Exposure and Human Health in the Context of Climate Change introduces the effects of heat on human health, especially in the context of climate change. It utilizes case studies in addition to foundational knowledge and theory to demonstrate the epidemiological impact of heat and presents solutions for addressing this important public health issue. It is clearly organized to aid in understanding key questions such as why and how heat exposure impacts health, who are most vulnerable to heat exposure, and how to reduce impacts of heat exposure. Providing guidance on public policy development as well as individual protection, Heat Exposure and Human Health in the Context of Climate Change is an interdisciplinary resource for researchers and policy makers in both public health and environmental science fields. Presents the most up-to-date knowledge on an important public health topic in the context of climate change Provides guidance to government, public agencies, health workers, community organizers, and environmental agencies to reduce the health impacts of heat exposure Covers theory, epidemiology, environmental considerations, and public health, utilizing foundational knowledge, literature reviews, and case studies

Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States

Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States Book
Author : US Global Change Research Program
Publisher : Simon and Schuster
Release : 2018-02-06
ISBN : 1510726217
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As global climate change proliferates, so too do the health risks associated with the changing world around us. Called for in the President’s Climate Action Plan and put together by experts from eight different Federal agencies, The Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health: A Scientific Assessment is a comprehensive report on these evolving health risks, including: Temperature-related death and illness Air quality deterioration Impacts of extreme events on human health Vector-borne diseases Climate impacts on water-related Illness Food safety, nutrition, and distribution Mental health and well-being This report summarizes scientific data in a concise and accessible fashion for the general public, providing executive summaries, key takeaways, and full-color diagrams and charts. Learn what health risks face you and your family as a result of global climate change and start preparing now with The Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health.

Handbook of Socioeconomic Determinants of Occupational Health

Handbook of Socioeconomic Determinants of Occupational Health Book
Author : Töres Theorell
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2020-11-10
ISBN : 9783030314378
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This anthology provides readers of scientific literature on socioeconomic factors and working conditions with the newest knowledge in this field. Since our world is subjected to constant change in accelerating speed, scientific reviews and updates are needed. Fortunately, research methodology in epidemiology, physiology, psychology and sociology is also developing rapidly and therefore the scientific community can provide politicians and policy makers with increasingly sophisticated and exact descriptions of societal factors in relation to work. The anthology starts in the macro level sphere – with international perspectives and reviews related to working conditions in relation to political change (the fall of the Soviet Union) gender, age, precarious employment, national economy and retirement. Two chapters relate to national policies and activities in international organizations. The second part of the book relates to the meso level sphere – with reviews on social patterns in distributions of psychosocial and physical risks at work in general as well as reviews on noise, shift work, under/overemployment, occupational physical activity, job intensity (which may be a particularly important problem in low income countries), digitization in modern work, climate change, childhood determinants of occupational health in adult years and theoretical models currently used in occupational epidemiology - demand/control, effort/reward, organizational justice, psychosocial safety climate, conflicts, bullying/harassment. This part of the book ends with two chapters on interventions (one chapter on the use of cultural interventions and one on interventions and their evaluation in general) and two chapters on financial aspects of poor/good work environments and evaluations of interventions. In the third part of the book the micro level is addressed. Here mechanisms translating working conditions into physiology are discussed. This starts in general theory relating basic theories regarding energy storage and release to psychosocial theory (extension of demand control theory). It also includes regeneration physiology, autonomic nervous system function, immunology and adverse behaviour. Sections in the Textbook: Macro-level determinants of occupational health: Akizumi Tsutsumi, Meso-level determinants of occupational health: Morten Wahrendorf and Jian Li, Micro-level determinants of occupational health: Bradley J. Wright

Canada s Top Climate Change Risks

Canada   s Top Climate Change Risks Book
Author : The Expert Panel on Climate Change Risks and Adaptation Potential
Publisher : Council of Canadian Academies
Release : 2019-07-04
ISBN : 1926522672
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Canada’s Top Climate Change Risks identifies the top risk areas based on the extent and likelihood of the potential damage, and rates the risk areas according to society’s ability to adapt and reduce negative outcomes. These 12 major areas of risk are: agriculture and food, coastal communities, ecosystems, fisheries, forestry, geopolitical dynamics, governance and capacity, human health and wellness, Indigenous ways of life, northern communities, physical infrastructure, and water. The report describes an approach to inform federal risk prioritization and adaptation responses. The Panel outlines a multi-layered method of prioritizing adaptation measures based on an understanding of the risk, adaptation potential, and federal roles and responsibilities.

Climate Change and Public Health

Climate Change and Public Health Book
Author : Barry Levy,Jonathan Patz
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2015-07-02
ISBN : 0190202467
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate change is causing, and will increasingly cause, a wide range of adverse health effects, including heat-related disorders, infectious diseases, respiratory and allergic disorders, malnutrition, mental health problems, and violence. The scientific bases for the associations between climate change and health problems are evolving as are the strategies for adapting to climate change and mitigating the greenhouse gases, which are its primary cause. With contributions from 78 leading experts in climate change and in public health, this book contains a concise and comprehensive book that represents a core curriculum on climate change and public health, including key strategies for adaptation and mitigation. Written primarily for students and mid-career professionals in public health and environmental sciences, the book clearly describes concepts and their application to the health impacts of climate change. Chapters are supplemented with case studies, graphs, tables and photographs. The book's organization in 15 chapters makes it an ideal textbook for graduate and undergraduate courses in public health, environmental sciences, public policy, and other fields.

A Human Health Perspective on Climate Change

A Human Health Perspective on Climate Change Book
Author : Environmental Health Perspective and,The National Institute of Environmental,National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
Publisher : CreateSpace
Release : 2014-05-15
ISBN : 9781499572094
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The purpose of this paper is to identify research needs for all aspects of the research-to-decision making pathway that will help us understand and mitigate the health effects of climate change, as well as ensure that we choose the healthiest and most efficient approaches to climate change adaptation.

Climate Change and Global Health

Climate Change and Global Health Book
Author : Colin Butler
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2016-07-20
ISBN : 1780648588
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There is increasing understanding, globally, that climate change will have profound and mostly harmful effects on human health. This authoritative book brings together international experts to describe both direct (such as heat waves) and indirect (such as vector-borne disease incidence) impacts of climate change, set in a broad, international, economic, political and environmental context. This unique book also expands on these issues to address a third category of potential longer-term impacts on global health: famine, population dislocation, and conflict. This lively yet scholarly resource explores these issues fully, linking them to health in urban and rural settings in developed and developing countries. The book finishes with a practical discussion of action that health professionals can yet take.

Protecting Health from Climate Change

Protecting Health from Climate Change Book
Author : World Health Organization
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014-03-31
ISBN : 9789241564687
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There is now strong evidence that the earth's climate is changing rapidly due mainly to humanactivities. Increasing temperatures sea-level rises changes in precipitation patterns andextreme events are expected to increase a range of health risks from the direct effects ofheat-waves floods and storms to more suitable conditions for the transmission of importantinfectious diseases to impacts on the natural systems and socioeconomic sectors that ultimatelyunderpin human health. Much of the potential health impact of climate change can however be avoided through a combination of strengthening key health system functions and improvedmanagement of the risks presented by a changing climate. the critical first step in this process is to carry out a vulnerability and adaptation assessment.This allows countries to assess which populations are most vulnerable to different kinds ofhealth effects to identify weaknesses in the systems that should protect them and to specifyinterventions to respond. Assessments can also improve evidence and understanding of thelinkages between climate and health within the assessment area serve as a baseline analysisagainst which changes in disease risk and protective measures can be monitored provide theopportunity for building capacity and strengthen the case for investment in health protection.WHO has responded to this global demand by building on past guidance and technical toolsto outline a flexible process for vulnerability and adaptation assessment. in 2009 the WHORegional Office for the Americas and WHO prepared draft guidance for this process whichwas pilot tested in studies across all WHO Regions. in July 2010 representatives of ministriesof health from 15 countries came together in Costa Rica with WHO and subject area expertsto share their experiences and provide feedback on how to improve the guidance for theconduct of vulnerability assessments. This document is the result of this process. It is intended not as a final definitive guide but asan important part of an evolving set of resources that will support effective and evidence-basedaction to protect health from climate change.

Advancing the Science of Climate Change

Advancing the Science of Climate Change Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,America's Climate Choices: Panel on Advancing the Science of Climate Change
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2011-01-10
ISBN : 0309145880
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate change is occurring, is caused largely by human activities, and poses significant risks for--and in many cases is already affecting--a broad range of human and natural systems. The compelling case for these conclusions is provided in Advancing the Science of Climate Change, part of a congressionally requested suite of studies known as America's Climate Choices. While noting that there is always more to learn and that the scientific process is never closed, the book shows that hypotheses about climate change are supported by multiple lines of evidence and have stood firm in the face of serious debate and careful evaluation of alternative explanations. As decision makers respond to these risks, the nation's scientific enterprise can contribute through research that improves understanding of the causes and consequences of climate change and also is useful to decision makers at the local, regional, national, and international levels. The book identifies decisions being made in 12 sectors, ranging from agriculture to transportation, to identify decisions being made in response to climate change. Advancing the Science of Climate Change calls for a single federal entity or program to coordinate a national, multidisciplinary research effort aimed at improving both understanding and responses to climate change. Seven cross-cutting research themes are identified to support this scientific enterprise. In addition, leaders of federal climate research should redouble efforts to deploy a comprehensive climate observing system, improve climate models and other analytical tools, invest in human capital, and improve linkages between research and decisions by forming partnerships with action-oriented programs.

Protecting Health in Europe from Climate Change

Protecting Health in Europe from Climate Change Book
Author : Bettina Menne
Publisher : World Health Organization
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9289071877
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The scientific consensus is that climate change affects health through changing weather patterns (such as more intense and frequent extreme events) and indirectly through changes in water, air, food quality and quantity, ecosystems, agriculture, livelihoods and infrastructure. The effects will be unevenly distributed, and those at greatest risk include people who are poor, very young, elderly, and/or ill. Climate change can also pose a threat to health security. Failure to respond could be very costly in terms of disease health care expenditure and lost productivity. As long as climate change is not too rapid or strong, strengthening health systems can control many of the health effects. This may include strengthening preparedness, public health services and health security, advocating action in other sectors to benefit health, better informing citizens and leading by example. Health systems need to strengthen their capacity to assess potential climate-related health effects, to review their capacities to cope, and develop and implement adaptation and mitigation strategies, and to strengthen a range of key areas of work - from disease surveillance and control to disaster risk reduction - that are essential for rapid detection of and action against climate-related risks. This publication intends to stimulate debate and support an active response by providing up-to-date information on the health effects of climate change as well as practical guidance on specific actions that decision-makers at different levels in health and other sectors can take now.

Climate Change and Human Health

Climate Change and Human Health Book
Author : A. J. McMichael,D. H. Campbell-Lendrum,C. F. Corvalan,K. L. Ebi,A. Githeko,J. D. Scheraga,A. Woodward
Publisher : World Health Organization
Release : 2003
ISBN : 9789241562485
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This publication, prepared jointly by the WHO, the World Meteorological Organization and the United Nations Environment Programme, considers the public health challenges arising from global climate change and options for policy responses, with particular focus on the health sector. Aspects discussed include: an overview of historical developments and recent scientific assessments; weather and climate change; population vulnerability and the adaptive capacity of public health systems; the IPCC Third Assessment report; tasks for public health scientists; the health impacts of climate extremes; climate change, infectious diseases and the level of disease burdens; ozone depletion, ultraviolet radiation and health; and methodological issues in monitoring health effects of climate change.

Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health

Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health Book
Author : Clare Heaviside
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2021-01-05
ISBN : 3039367404
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate change poses a serious challenge to our health and wellbeing. The increasing frequency of extreme weather events such as floods, droughts, and heatwaves, and the direct impacts of changes in temperature have direct impacts on health. At the same time, broader environmental change affects infectious disease risk, air pollution, and other forms of exposure. The different ways in which climate change will affect health are complex, interactive, and different communities are disproportionately affected. International actions such as the Paris Agreement and the Sustainable Development Goals recognise the future risks to society and acknowledge that we are already committed to a certain level of climate change. Future adaptation measures therefore need careful assessment and implementation for us to be able to minimise the potential risks from climate change and, at the same time, maximise the potential health benefits of a cleaner, greener world. This Special Issue comprises original research articles and detailed reviews on the likely impacts of climate change on health in a range of geographical settings, and the potential for adaptation measures to reduce some of these risks. Ultimately, studies like these will motivate policy level action for mitigation and help in determining the most effective methods of adaptation to reduce negative impacts in future through embedding scientific evidence into practice.

Review of the Draft Fourth National Climate Assessment

Review of the Draft Fourth National Climate Assessment Book
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Environmental Change and Society,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Committee to Review the Draft Fourth National Climate Assessment
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2018-06-18
ISBN : 0309471699
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate change poses many challenges that affect society and the natural world. With these challenges, however, come opportunities to respond. By taking steps to adapt to and mitigate climate change, the risks to society and the impacts of continued climate change can be lessened. The National Climate Assessment, coordinated by the U.S. Global Change Research Program, is a mandated report intended to inform response decisions. Required to be developed every four years, these reports provide the most comprehensive and up-to-date evaluation of climate change impacts available for the United States, making them a unique and important climate change document. The draft Fourth National Climate Assessment (NCA4) report reviewed here addresses a wide range of topics of high importance to the United States and society more broadly, extending from human health and community well-being, to the built environment, to businesses and economies, to ecosystems and natural resources. This report evaluates the draft NCA4 to determine if it meets the requirements of the federal mandate, whether it provides accurate information grounded in the scientific literature, and whether it effectively communicates climate science, impacts, and responses for general audiences including the public, decision makers, and other stakeholders.

Integration of Public Health with Adaptation to Climate Change Lessons Learned and New Directions

Integration of Public Health with Adaptation to Climate Change  Lessons Learned and New Directions Book
Author : Kristie L Ebi,Joel B Smith,Ian Burton
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2005-07-14
ISBN : 1482298384
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Overall, the negative health impacts of global climate change are anticipated to significantly outweigh positive impacts. Furthermore, global climate change will continue for decades, even after the effective implementation of mitigation measures. By exploring cases in public health and prior lessons learned, this valuable title identifies the key adjustments necessary for public health systems to effectively adapt to this inevitable climate change. Touching on broader aspects of integrated assessment and environmental studies as well as climatic alterations and public health, this book is an essential resource for those involved in these fields at all levels.

Climate Change the Indoor Environment and Health

Climate Change  the Indoor Environment  and Health Book
Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Committee on the Effect of Climate Change on Indoor Air Quality and Public Health
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2011-10-01
ISBN : 0309209412
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The indoor environment affects occupants' health and comfort. Poor environmental conditions and indoor contaminants are estimated to cost the U.S. economy tens of billions of dollars a year in exacerbation of illnesses like asthma, allergic symptoms, and subsequent lost productivity. Climate change has the potential to affect the indoor environment because conditions inside buildings are influenced by conditions outside them. Climate Change, the Indoor Environment, and Health addresses the impacts that climate change may have on the indoor environment and the resulting health effects. It finds that steps taken to mitigate climate change may cause or exacerbate harmful indoor environmental conditions. The book discusses the role the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) should take in informing the public, health professionals, and those in the building industry about potential risks and what can be done to address them. The study also recommends that building codes account for climate change projections; that federal agencies join to develop or refine protocols and testing standards for evaluating emissions from materials, furnishings, and appliances used in buildings; and that building weatherization efforts include consideration of health effects. Climate Change, the Indoor Environment, and Health is written primarily for the EPA and other federal agencies, organizations, and researchers with interests in public health; the environment; building design, construction, and operation; and climate issues.

Biodiversity and Health in the Face of Climate Change

Biodiversity and Health in the Face of Climate Change Book
Author : Melissa R. Marselle,Jutta Stadler,Horst Korn,Katherine N. Irvine,Aletta Bonn
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-06-11
ISBN : 3030023184
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This open access book identifies and discusses biodiversity’s contribution to physical, mental and spiritual health and wellbeing. Furthermore, the book identifies the implications of this relationship for nature conservation, public health, landscape architecture and urban planning – and considers the opportunities of nature-based solutions for climate change adaptation. This transdisciplinary book will attract a wide audience interested in biodiversity, ecology, resource management, public health, psychology, urban planning, and landscape architecture. The emphasis is on multiple human health benefits from biodiversity - in particular with respect to the increasing challenge of climate change. This makes the book unique to other books that focus either on biodiversity and physical health or natural environments and mental wellbeing. The book is written as a definitive ‘go-to’ book for those who are new to the field of biodiversity and health.

The Regional Impacts of Climate Change

The Regional Impacts of Climate Change Book
Author : Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change,Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Working Group II.
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 1998
ISBN : 9780521634557
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cambridge, UK : Cambridge University Press, 1998.

Human Health and Physical Activity During Heat Exposure

Human Health and Physical Activity During Heat Exposure Book
Author : Yuri Hosokawa
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-04-17
ISBN : 3319758896
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides fundamental concepts in human thermal physiology and their applications in general public, occupational, military, and athletics settings from the biometeorological perspective. The book includes a section on human physiology, epidemiology and special considerations in aforementioned populations, and behavioral and technological adjustments people may take to combat thermal environmental stress and safeguard their health. The book is the first of its kind to compile multiple disciplines - human physiology, climatology, and medicine - in one to provide fundamental concepts in human thermal physiology and their applications in general public, occupational, military, and athletics settings from the biometeorological perspective; Developed by experts, scientists, and physicians from exercise physiology, climatology, public health, sports medicine, and military medicine; Highlights special considerations and applications of thermal physiology to general public, occupational, military, and athletics settings.

Planetary Health

Planetary Health Book
Author : Andy Haines,Howard Frumkin
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2021-07-22
ISBN : 1108492347
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human health is facing unprecedented threats from global environmental change. This book describes the challenges and opportunities to safeguard health.