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Heart Failure Epidemiology And Research Methods

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Heart Failure

Heart Failure Book
Author : Longjian Liu
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017-10-12
ISBN : 9780323485586
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Get a quick, expert overview of the many key facets of heart failure research with this concise, practical resource by Dr. Longjian Liu. This easy-to-read reference focuses on the incidence, distribution, and possible control of this significant clinical and public health problem which is often associated with higher mortality and morbidity, as well as increased healthcare expenditures. This practical resource brings you up to date with what's new in the field and how it can benefit your patients. Features a wealth of information on epidemiology and research methods related to heart failure. Discusses pathophysiology and risk profile of heart failure, research and design, biostatistical basis of inference in heart failure study, advanced biostatistics and epidemiology applied in heart failure study, and precision medicine and areas of future research. Consolidates today's available information and guidance in this timely area into one convenient resource.

Clinical Epidemiology

Clinical Epidemiology Book
Author : Diederick E. Grobbee,Professor of Clinical Epidemiology Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care University Medical Center Utrecht Utrecht Netherlands Diederick E Grobbee,Arno W. Hoes
Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Publishers
Release : 2014-01-01
ISBN : 144967433X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Now updated with new data and examples throughout, Clinical Epidemiology: Principles, Methods, and Applications for Clinical Research, Second Edition is a comprehensive resource that introduces the reader to the basics of clinical epidemiology and explores the principles and methods that can be used to obtain quantitative evidence on the effects of interventions and on the diagnosis, etiology, and prognosis of disease. The everyday challenges of clinical research and the quantitative knowledge required to practice medicine are also examined, making this book a valuable reference for both graduate and undergraduate students in medicine and related disciplines, as well as for professionals involved in the design and conduct of clinical research.

Clinical Epidemiology

Clinical Epidemiology Book
Author : D. E. Grobbee,Arno W. Hoes
Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Learning
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0763753157
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the current era of evidence-based medicine, clinical epidemiology is increasingly being recognized as an important tool in the critical appraisal of available evidence and the design of new studies. This book is a comprehensive resource that introduces the reader to the basics of clinical epidemiology. It explores the principles and methods that can be used to obtain quantitative evidence on the effects on interventions and on the diagnosis, etiology, and prognosis of disease.

Hypertension and Heart Failure

Hypertension and Heart Failure Book
Author : Maria Dorobantu,Giuseppe Mancia,Guido Grassi,Victor Voicu
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-02-28
ISBN : 9783319933191
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explains how hypertension affects 20-50% of the adult population in developed countries. Heart failure is the result of the hypertension's effects on the heart and it represents a growing public health problem. In this context the international scientific community is continuously struggling to develop better strategies in screening, diagnosing and treating hypertension and its deleterious effects. Thus, this field is continuously changing, with new important information being added constantly. This volume will offer both insights into the intimate mechanisms of transition from hypertension to heart failure and clinical practice advice on the prevention and treatment of heart failure in hypertensive population. The mechanisms which explain the progression from hypertension to heart failure will be also covered exhaustively by offering two chapters referring to the diagnosis of heart failure in hypertensive population and one regarding echocardiography which is the most frequently used imaging method in clinical practice. The reader will be also provided with information on cardiovascular magnetic resonance which has the unique advantage of differentiating hypertensive heart failure from other pathologies associated with increased myocardial thickness. This book is a useful tool for clinicians but also to the research community interested in heart failure and consequences of hypertension on heart who want to be up-to-date with the new developments in the field.

Heart Failure

Heart Failure Book
Author : Longjian Liu
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2017-09-14
ISBN : 0323495990
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Get a quick, expert overview of the many key facets of heart failure research with this concise, practical resource by Dr. Longjian Liu. This easy-to-read reference focuses on the incidence, distribution, and possible control of this significant clinical and public health problem which is often associated with higher mortality and morbidity, as well as increased healthcare expenditures. This practical resource brings you up to date with what’s new in the field and how it can benefit your patients. Features a wealth of information on epidemiology and research methods related to heart failure. Discusses pathophysiology and risk profile of heart failure, research and design, biostatistical basis of inference in heart failure study, advanced biostatistics and epidemiology applied in heart failure study, and precision medicine and areas of future research. Consolidates today’s available information and guidance in this timely area into one convenient resource.

Methods of Clinical Epidemiology

Methods of Clinical Epidemiology Book
Author : Suhail A. R. Doi,Gail M. Williams
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-06-01
ISBN : 3642371310
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

“Methods of Clinical Epidemiology” serves as a text on methods useful to clinical researchers. It provides a clear introduction to the common research methodology specific to clinical research for both students and researchers. This book sets out to fill the gap left by texts that concentrate on public health epidemiology and focuses on what is not covered well in such texts. The four sections cover methods that have not previously been brought together in one text and serves as a second level textbook of clinical epidemiology methodology. This book will be of use to postgraduate students in clinical epidemiology as well as clinical researchers at the start of their careers.

Epidemiological Research Methods

Epidemiological Research Methods Book
Author : Donald R. McNeil
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 1996-08-06
ISBN : 9780471961963
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The concepts of epidemiology, the science that uses statistical methods to investigate associations between risk factors and disease outcomes in human populations, are developed using examples involving real data from published studies. The relevant statistical methods are developed systematically to provide an integrated approach to observational and experimental studies. After covering basic measurement, study design, and study credibility issues, the author continues with basic statistical methods and techniques for adjusting risk estimates for confounders. Statistical models including logistic regression and the proportional hazards model for survival analysis are explained in detail in the following chapters, concluding with an explanation of the general methods for determining the sample size and power requirements for an epidemiological study. Taking advantage of the power, accessibility and user-friendliness of modern computer packages, the author uses a variety of interesting data sets and graphical displays to illustrate the methods. Epidemiological Research Methods will be of interest to students and research workers who need to learn and appreciate modern approaches to the subject. Without unnecessary emphasis on mathematics or theory, the book will enable the reader to gain a greater level of understanding of the underlying methods than is normally provided in books on epidemiology.

Behind the Screen

Behind the Screen Book
Author : Johan Lundgren
Publisher : Linköping University Electronic Press
Release : 2017-12-04
ISBN : 9176854027
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Introduction The prevalence of depressive symptoms in persons with heart failure is higher than in age- and gender-matched populations not suffering from heart failure. Heart failure in itself is associated with an unpredictable trajectory of symptoms, a poor prognosis, high mortality and morbidity, and low health-related quality of life (HrQoL). With the addition of depressive symptoms to heart failure the negative health effects increase further. Though the negative consequences of depressive symptoms in heart failure are well known, there is a knowledge gap about the course of depressive symptoms in heart failure and about how to effectively manage these symptoms. Pharmacological treatment with serotonin reuptake inhibitors has not been able to demonstrate efficacy in persons with heart failure. In a few studies, cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) delivered face-to-face, has demonstrated effects on depressive symptoms in persons with heart failure. However, currently there are barriers in delivering face-to-face CBT as there is a lack of therapists with the required training. As a solution to this, the use of Internet-based CBT (ICBT) has been proposed. ICBT has been shown to be effective in treatment of mild and moderate depression but has not been evaluated in persons with heart failure. Aim The overall aim of this thesis was to describe depressive symptoms over time and to develop and evaluate an ICBT intervention to treat depressive symptoms in persons with heart failure. Design and Methods The studies in this thesis employ both quantitative (Studies I, II and III) and qualitative (Studies II and IV) research methods. The sample in Study I (n=611) were recruited in the Netherlands. The participants (n=7) in Study II were recruited via advertisements in Swedish newspapers. Studies III and IV used the same cohort of participants (Study III n=50, Study IV n=13). These participants were recruited via an invitation letter sent to all persons who had made contact with healthcare services in relation to heart failure during the previous year, at the clinics of cardiology or medicine in four hospitals in southeast Sweden. Study I had a quantitative longitudinal design. Data on depressive symptoms was collected at baseline (discharge from hospital) and after 18 months. Data on mortality and hospitalisation was collected at 18 and 36 months after discharge from hospital. Study II employed three differentBehind the Screen2patterns of design, as follows: I) The development and context adaptation of the ICBT program was based on research, literature and clinical experience and performed within a multi-professional team. II) The feasibility of the program from the perspective of limited efficacy and function was investigated with a quantitative pre-post design. III) Participants’ experience of the ICBT program was investigated with a qualitative content analysis. Data on depressive symptoms was collected pre and post intervention. The time used for support and feedback was logged during the intervention, and qualitative interviews were performed with the participants after the end of the intervention. Study III was designed as a randomised controlled trial. A nine-week ICBT program adapted to persons with heart failure and depressive symptoms was tested against an online moderated discussion forum. Data on depressive symptoms, HrQoL and cardiac anxiety was collected at baseline (before the intervention started) and after the end of the intervention (approximately 10 weeks after the start of the intervention). Study IV had a qualitative design to explore and describe participants’ experiences of ICBT. The participants were recruited from within the sample in Study III and all had experience of ICBT. Data collection occurred after the ICBT program ended and was carried out using qualitative interviews by telephone. Results The mean age of the samples used in this thesis varied between 62 and 69 years of age. Concerning the symptom severity of heart failure, most persons reported New York Heart Association (NYHA) class II (40-57%) followed by NYHA class III (36-41%). Ischaemic heart disease was the most common comorbidity (36-43%). The vast majority had pharmacological treatment for their heart failure. Six percent of the persons in Study I used pharmacological antidepressants. In Studies II and III, the corresponding numbers were 43% and 18% respectively. Among persons hospitalised due to heart failure symptoms, 38% reported depressive symptoms. After 18 months, 26% reported depressive symptoms. Four different courses of depressive symptoms were identified: 1) Non-depressed 2) Remitted depressive symptoms. 3) Ongoing depressive symptoms. 4) New depressive symptoms. The highest risk for readmission to hospital and mortality was found among persons in the groups with ongoing and new depressive symptoms. A nine-week ICBT program consisting of seven modules including homework assignments on depressive symptoms for persons with heart failure was developed and tested. The RCT study (Study III) showed no significant difference in depressive symptoms between ICBT and a moderated discussion forum. Within-group analysis of depressive symptoms demonstrated a significant decrease of depressive symptoms in the ICBT group but not in the discussion forum group. The participants’ experience of ICBT was described in one theme: ICBT- an effective, but also challenging tool for self-management of health problems. This theme was constructed based on six categories: Something other than usual healthcare; Relevance and recognition; Flexible, understandable and safe; Technical problems; Improvements by live contact; Managing my life better. Conclusion After discharge from hospital, depressive symptoms decrease spontaneously among a large proportion of persons with heart failure, though depressive symptoms are still common in persons with heart failure that are community dwelling. Depressive symptoms in persons with heart failure are associated with increased risk of death and hospitalisation. The highest risks are found among persons with long-term ongoing depressive symptoms and those developing depressive symptoms while not hospitalised. ICBT for depressive symptoms in heart failure is feasible. An intervention with a nine-week guided self-help program with emphasis on behavioural activation and problem-solving skills appears to contribute to a decrease in depressive symptoms and improvement of HrQoL. When ICBT is delivered to persons with heart failure and depressive symptoms the participants requests that the ICBT is contextually adapted to health problems related to both heart failure and depressive symptoms. ICBT is experienced as a useful tool for self-care and something other than usual healthcare. ICBT also requires active participation by the

Chronic Heart Failure

Chronic Heart Failure Book
Author : Michael Böhm,Erland Erdmann
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642859135
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Throughout the past decades, the understanding of the pathophysiology of chronic heart failure and the therapeutic approach to this condition have un dergone considerable change. New developments are reported every year. Perhaps it is because of this continuing interest of researchers and physi th cians that the chapter on chronic heart failure of the 4 edition of Klinische Kardiologie has been so positively received. Several colleagues asked the authors to publish the chapter on chronic heart failure separately, because it would be more practical to use in daily work. When the request for an En glish version of this chapter reached the authors and Springer-Verlag, we were happy, on the one hand, because of the interest, but did wonder whether it would be wise to translate a typically German textbook into Eng lish. We invite you to send us your critical comments. Although Guidelines for the Treatment of Heart Failure have been pub lished recently by the WHO, by the European Society of Cardiology, and by the American Heart Association Task Force clinicians, practitioners, and stu dents still seem to need , a comprehensive view with emphasis on pathophys iology, epidemiology and therapy. The authors are grateful to Springer-Verlag for the good co-operation and tremendous personal commitment in making the English edition of Chronic Heart Failure possible. We hope to give our readers a good overview on this important clinical syndrome, one which re quires intelligent clinical research and sound clinical practice as weIl.

Wearables in Healthcare

Wearables in Healthcare Book
Author : Paolo Perego
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-07-27
ISBN : 3030760669
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Wearables in Healthcare book written by Paolo Perego, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Advances in Interdisciplinary Engineering

Advances in Interdisciplinary Engineering Book
Author : Niraj Kumar
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-07-27
ISBN : 9811599564
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Advances in Interdisciplinary Engineering book written by Niraj Kumar, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Therapeutic Strategies for Heart Failure

Therapeutic Strategies for Heart Failure Book
Author : Naoki Sato
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-01-24
ISBN : 4431560653
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book introduces pathophysiology and practical heart failure (HF) management at the acute, in-hospital stages during hospitalization and also in the end-stages of HF. Given its increasing incidence and prevalence, we live in a world that is essentially facing an HF pandemic. A country with an ageing population, Japan is unique in terms of the selection of medical treatment, diagnostic techniques, team managing and other approaches. This book sheds new light on the clinical challenges involved in reducing re-hospitalization and improving patients’ prognosis and ADL/QOL, while also reporting on the status quo in Japan. By highlighting these challenges and the methods used to address them, it will encourage experts around the globe to intensively discuss and accelerate research in this field. Including contributions by authors who have played central roles in managing HF in Japan, the book offers an indispensable guide not only for clinicians, technicians and nurses in this field, but also for general physicians, emergency physicians and all others who are involved in the management of acute and end-stage HF.

Diastolic Heart Failure

Diastolic Heart Failure Book
Author : Otto A. Smiseth,Michal Tendera
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-04-16
ISBN : 9781846288913
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Heart failure is the biggest killer in the western world, and the prevalence is expected to increase due to aging of the population. Over the past decade there has been an increasing awareness of left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction as a mechanism of congestive heart failure. This book provides the clinician with essential insights into the epidemiology and aetiology of diastolic heart failure, and will enable them to understand how the condition can be diagnosed. Furthermore, the book will provide insights in cardiac function that are needed to perform and interpret the diagnostic tests, and to provide some guides to treatment choices.

Myocarditis

Myocarditis Book
Author : Jr. Cooper
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2002-09-02
ISBN : 1592593194
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Leslie T. Cooper, Jr., MD, and a panel of leading clinical and scientific experts comprehensively review both advances in basic scientific understanding and current clinical knowledge of inflammatory heart disease. On the clinical side they discuss the diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of nonspecific and specific myocarditis in separate chapters devoted to such major idiopathic clinical entities as cardiac sarcoidosis, giant cell myocarditis, eosinophilic myocarditis, Chagas disease, rheumatic fever, and human immunodeficiency virus-related cardiomyopathy. Research articles complete the picture with discussions of the role of apoptosis in viral myocarditis, rat and mouse models of autoimmune giant cell and lymphocytic myocarditis, and the latest available data on enteroviral proteases and cardiomyopathy.

The Heart and Circulation

The Heart and Circulation Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1965
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Heart and Circulation book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Readings in Population Research Methodology Advanced basic tools

Readings in Population Research Methodology  Advanced basic tools Book
Author : Donald Joseph Bogue,Eduardo E. Arriaga,Douglas L. Anderton
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1993
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Readings in Population Research Methodology Advanced basic tools book written by Donald Joseph Bogue,Eduardo E. Arriaga,Douglas L. Anderton, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Research Methods in Health Physical Education and Recreation

Research Methods in Health  Physical Education  and Recreation Book
Author : American Association for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation. Research Council
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1973
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Research Methods in Health Physical Education and Recreation book written by American Association for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation. Research Council, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Perspectives in Social Research Methods and Analysis

Perspectives in Social Research Methods and Analysis Book
Author : Howard Lune,Enrique S. Pumar,Ross Koppel
Publisher : SAGE
Release : 2010
ISBN : 1412967392
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book shows students the steps involved in the research process, the various strategies for conducting a valid social inquiry, and most importantly, the persuasiveness and elegance of reliable social research. It highlights the link between academic research and the real world. Included are carefully chosen examples of each of the major methodological techniques-survey, interviews, fieldwork observations, experiments, content analysis, secondary analysis and program evaluation. Also included are selections on sampling strategies, research ethics and both qualitative and quantitative data analysis.

Handbook of Research Methods in Cardiovascular Behavioral Medicine

Handbook of Research Methods in Cardiovascular Behavioral Medicine Book
Author : Neil Schneiderman,Stephen M. Weiss,Peter G. Kaufmann
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-21
ISBN : 1489909060
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cardiovascular disease continues to be the number ioral medicine" was developed and shaped into the one source of morbidity and mortality in our coun following definition: try. Despite a 35% reduction since 1964, these Behavioral medicine is the interdisciplinary field con diseases, particularly coronary heart disease cerned with the development and integration of behav (CHD), claim nearly 1,000,000 lives each year in ioral and biomedical science knowledge and techniques the United States (Havlik & Feinleib, 1979). relevant to the understanding of health and illness and The Framingham study, among others, has iden the application of this knowledge and these techniques to prevention, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation. tified three major risk factors implicated in the de (Schwartz & Weiss, 1978) velopment of CHD: smoking, elevated serum cho lesterol, and high blood pressure (Castelli et at., This concept of "biobehavioral" collaboration 1986). Given that these factors account for less challenged scientists and clinicians of many disci than 50% of the variance associated with CHD plines to consider how they might more effectively (Jenkins, 1976), it has become obvious that addi develop diagnostic, treatment, and prevention tional risk factors must be identified if further pro strategies by merging their perspectives to address gress is to be made in disease prevention and simultaneously, among others, behavioral, psy control.

Epidemiology and Biostatistics

Epidemiology and Biostatistics Book
Author : Bryan Kestenbaum
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-10-12
ISBN : 3319966448
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is a concise introduction to epidemiology and biostatistics written specifically for medical students and first-time learners of clinical research methods. It presents the core concepts of epidemiology and of biostatistics and illustrates them with extensive examples from the clinical literature. It is the only book on the market written to speak directly to medical students and first-time biomedical researchers by using language and examples that are easy to understand. This newly updated second edition is extensively rewritten to provide the clearest explanations and examples. There is also a sister-text, a 150-problem workbook of practice problems that can be purchased alongside this textbook. The author continues to provide a text that is attractively fast-paced and concise for use in condensed courses, such as those taught in medical school. The book is an excellent review for the epidemiology section of the United States Medical Licensing Examination Part I which all medical students must take at the end of the second year.