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Health Care And Environmental Contamination

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Health Care and Environmental Contamination

Health Care and Environmental Contamination Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-02-10
ISBN : 0444640096
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Health Care and Environmental Contamination provides a comprehensive explanation of new and evolving topics in the field, including discussions on emissions from pharmaceutical manufacturing, disposal of medical wastes, inputs from sewerage systems, effects on aquatic organisms and wildlife, indirect effects on human health, antibiotic resistance, stewardship, and treatment. These important issues affect the natural environment, making this first book on the topic a must have for comprehensive, broad, and up-to-date coverage of these issues. Written by leading global researchers, scientists, and practitioners in the field Provides an engaging writing style for specialists and non-specialists Ensures a broad balance and critical overview of topics, with unbiased information from thought leaders

Environmental Contamination

Environmental Contamination Book
Author : Ming Hung Wong
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-07-24
ISBN : 1439892385
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bringing together the research of 62 distinguished scientists in one volume, Environmental Contamination: Health Risks and Ecological Restoration offers a comprehensive view of the remediation of contaminated land. A one-stop resource, it covers historical and emerging contaminants, the issues of bioavailability of chemicals and their associated human health risks, and the latest remediation technologies. The book also contains numerous case studies, many of them drawn from the Asia-Pacific region, that look at the effects of rapid industrialization. The chapters are inspired by presentations and discussions held during the 2010 Croucher Advanced Study Institute workshop, entitled Remediation of Contaminated Land—Bioavailability and Health Risk. With the speed and scale of recent socioeconomic development, particularly in regions with less stringent environmental regulations, it is evident that various industrial activities have given rise to tremendous environmental degradation and severe health problems. The book begins with a description of current problems and future trends of pollutants, as well as their impact on the environment and human health. It then focuses on emerging contaminants, such as flame retardants and electronic waste. The book also examines research on environmentally friendly and sustainable solutions to remediate contaminated lands, exploring cutting-edge bioremediation and phytoremediation technologies. Chapters discuss arsenic biomethylation, copper homeostasis, microbial transformation of phthalate esters, the potential function of paddy fields in phytoremediation, the use of constructed wetlands for pollution control, phytostabilization of arsenic-contaminated sites, and more. This timely book provides readers with a highly focused reference on some of the most urgent environmental and health issues and research topics. These include e-waste recycling and arsenic and heavy metal contamination of rice—issues that are relevant for many countries around the world.

Essential Environmental Health Standards for Health Care

Essential Environmental Health Standards for Health Care Book
Author : John Adams,Jamie Bartram,Yves Chartier
Publisher : World Health Organization
Release : 2008-05-16
ISBN : 9241547235
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ensuring safe environmental health conditions in health care can reduce the transmission of health care-associated infections. This document provides guidelines on essential environmental health standards required for health care in medium- and low-resource countries and support the development and implementation of national policies.

Impact of Water Pollution on Human Health and Environmental Sustainability

Impact of Water Pollution on Human Health and Environmental Sustainability Book
Author : McKeown, A. Elaine
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2015-10-27
ISBN : 1466695609
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Water is at the core of all life on Earth and exists as one of the main components of the human body. Because water is essential to life, addressing water pollution and sustainability issues is of great concern to environmentalists and public health specialists alike. Impact of Water Pollution on Human Health and Environmental Sustainability highlights several important water-related issues and explores a number of potential solutions to the problem of water sustainability. Focusing on research-based perspectives on water availability, industrial and agricultural pollution, water contamination, and their impacts on the human population as well as the environment, this crucial publication is a necessary addition to academic and government libraries serving graduate-level students, environmental scientists, public health workers, policy makers, and legislators seeking the latest information on sustainable and contaminant-free water resources.

The River Is in Us

The River Is in Us Book
Author : Elizabeth Hoover
Publisher : U of Minnesota Press
Release : 2017-11-01
ISBN : 1452956243
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Winner of the Labriola Center American Indian National Book Award 2017 Mohawk midwife Katsi Cook lives in Akwesasne, an indigenous community in upstate New York that is downwind and downstream from three Superfund sites. For years she witnessed elevated rates of miscarriages, birth defects, and cancer in her town, ultimately drawing connections between environmental contamination and these maladies. When she brought her findings to environmental health researchers, Cook sparked the United States’ first large-scale community-based participatory research project. In The River Is in Us, author Elizabeth Hoover takes us deep into this remarkable community that has partnered with scientists and developed grassroots programs to fight the contamination of its lands and reclaim its health and culture. Through in-depth research into archives, newspapers, and public meetings, as well as numerous interviews with community members and scientists, Hoover shows the exact efforts taken by Akwesasne’s massive research project and the grassroots efforts to preserve the Native culture and lands. She also documents how contaminants have altered tribal life, including changes to the Mohawk fishing culture and the rise of diabetes in Akwesasne. Featuring community members such as farmers, health-care providers, area leaders, and environmental specialists, while rigorously evaluating the efficacy of tribal efforts to preserve its culture and protect its health, The River Is in Us offers important lessons for improving environmental health research and health care, plus detailed insights into the struggles and methods of indigenous groups. This moving, uplifting book is an essential read for anyone interested in Native Americans, social justice, and the pollutants contaminating our food, water, and bodies.

U S Health in International Perspective

U S  Health in International Perspective Book
Author : National Research Council,Institute of Medicine,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on Population,Panel on Understanding Cross-National Health Differences Among High-Income Countries
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2013-04-12
ISBN : 0309264146
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The United States is among the wealthiest nations in the world, but it is far from the healthiest. Although life expectancy and survival rates in the United States have improved dramatically over the past century, Americans live shorter lives and experience more injuries and illnesses than people in other high-income countries. The U.S. health disadvantage cannot be attributed solely to the adverse health status of racial or ethnic minorities or poor people: even highly advantaged Americans are in worse health than their counterparts in other, "peer" countries. In light of the new and growing evidence about the U.S. health disadvantage, the National Institutes of Health asked the National Research Council (NRC) and the Institute of Medicine (IOM) to convene a panel of experts to study the issue. The Panel on Understanding Cross-National Health Differences Among High-Income Countries examined whether the U.S. health disadvantage exists across the life span, considered potential explanations, and assessed the larger implications of the findings. U.S. Health in International Perspective presents detailed evidence on the issue, explores the possible explanations for the shorter and less healthy lives of Americans than those of people in comparable countries, and recommends actions by both government and nongovernment agencies and organizations to address the U.S. health disadvantage.

Safe Management of Wastes from Health care Activities

Safe Management of Wastes from Health care Activities Book
Author : A. Prüss,Eric Giroult,Philip Rushbrook
Publisher : World Health Organization
Release : 1999
ISBN : 9789241545259
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Safe Management of Wastes from Health care Activities book written by A. Prüss,Eric Giroult,Philip Rushbrook, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Biocontamination Control for Pharmaceuticals and Healthcare

Biocontamination Control for Pharmaceuticals and Healthcare Book
Author : Tim Sandle
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-11-30
ISBN : 0128149124
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biocontamination Control for Pharmaceuticals and Healthcare outlines a biocontamination strategy that tracks bio-burden control and reduction at each transition in classified areas of a facility. This key part of controlling risk escalation can lead to the contamination of medicinal products, hence necessary tracking precautions are essential. Regulatory authorities have challenged pharmaceutical companies, healthcare providers, and those in manufacturing practice to adopt a holistic approach to contamination control. New technologies are needed to introduce barriers between personnel and the environment, and to provide a rapid and more accurate assessment of risk. This book offers guidance on building a complete biocontamination strategy. Provides the information necessary for a facility to build a complete biocontamination strategy Helps facilities understand the main biocontamination risks to medicinal products Assists the reader in navigating regulatory requirements Provides insight into developing an environmental monitoring program Covers the types of rapid microbiological monitoring methods now available, as well as current legislation

Environmental and Health Management of Novel Coronavirus Disease COVID 19

Environmental and Health Management of Novel Coronavirus Disease  COVID 19  Book
Author : Mohammad Hadi Dehghani,Rama Rao Karri,Sharmili Roy
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-06-26
ISBN : 0323909248
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Environmental and Health Management of Novel Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) examines mitigation measures that can be adopted at the time of a novel coronavirus outbreak to lessen environmental contamination and impacts on human health. The book discusses origin, structure and pathogenesis, epidemiology, environmental transmission and the potential spread routes of COVID-19 via surfaces, air, water, wastewater, medical waste and food products. It also covers guidelines and protocols for setting safety conditions to provide adequate health care and reduce the risk of infection in health and non-healthcare settings, along with preventative measures and disinfection technologies. In addition, the book discusses challenges, opportunities and future perspectives, the global crisis, and global consequences on the environment and health. With contributions from experts, this book presents a multidisciplinary reference resource for virologists, microbiologists, public health professionals, environmental health managers and others engaged in the study and mitigation of the environmental and health impacts of the virus. Covers the environmental transmission and spread of COVID-19 Includes environmental disinfection technologies for prevention of COVID-19 Provides guidelines, standards and protocols related to COVID-19

Defense Health Care Issues Related to Past Drinking Water Contamination at Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune

Defense Health Care  Issues Related to Past Drinking Water Contamination at Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune Book
Author : Marcia Crosse
Publisher : DIANE Publishing
Release : 2007-11
ISBN : 9781422319161
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the 1980s, volatile organic compounds (VOC) were discovered in the water on Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune. Exposure to certain VOCs may cause adverse health effects, incl. cancer. The Agency for Toxic Sub. & Dis. Reg. (ATSDR) has been examining whether individuals who were exposed to the contaminated drinking water are likely to have adverse health effects. ATSDR'¿¿s is now examining whether individuals who were exposed in utero are more likely to have developed certain childhood cancers or birth defects. This testimony summarizes: (1) efforts to identify & address the past drinking water contamination; (2) the provision of funding & info. from the DoD to ATSDR; & (3) an assessment of the design of the current ATSDR study. Illustrations.

Use of Biocidal Surfaces for Reduction of Healthcare Acquired Infections

Use of Biocidal Surfaces for Reduction of Healthcare Acquired Infections Book
Author : Gadi Borkow
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-08-02
ISBN : 3319080571
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The notion that contaminated environments in hospital settings significantly contribute to the risk of an individual acquiring an infection while hospitalized is continuously gaining recognition by the medical community. There is a clear correlation between the environmental bioburden present in a clinical setting and the risk of patients acquiring an infection. Thus using self-disinfecting surfaces can be a very important adjunct in the fight against nosocomial pathogens. This book reviews the increasing evidence that contaminated non-intrusive soft and hard surfaces located in the clinical surroundings are a source of nosocomial pathogens and focuses on the utility of copper containing materials in reducing bioburden and fighting hospital acquired infections. It also reviews other biocidal surface alternatives and the economics of using biocidal surfaces in a hospital environment. Finally, it discusses the pros and cons of existent disinfection modalities other than biocidal surfaces.

Decontamination in Hospitals and Healthcare

Decontamination in Hospitals and Healthcare Book
Author : Jimmy Walker
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2014-02-13
ISBN : 0857096699
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Decontamination in Hospitals and Healthcare brings an understanding of decontamination practices and the development of technologies for cleaning and control of infection to a wide audience interested in public health, including healthcare specialists, scientists, students or patients. Part one highlights the importance and history of decontamination in hospitals and healthcare before exploring the role of standards in decontamination, infection control in Europe, and future trends in the area. Part two focuses on decontamination practices in hospitals and healthcare. It considers the role of the nurse in decontamination, the issues of microbial biofilm in waterlines, control of waterborne microorganisms, and the use of gaseous decontamination technologies. Further chapters explore decontamination of prions, the use of protective clothing, no-touch automated room disinfection systems, and controlling the presence of microorganisms in hospitals. Part three discusses practices for decontamination and sterilization of surgical instruments and endoscopes. These chapters examine a range of guidance documents, including the choice framework for local policy and procedures for decontamination of surgical instruments, as well as novel technologies for cleaning and detection of contamination. Decontamination in Hospitals and Healthcare provides a reference source on decontamination for public health professionals and students concerned with healthcare. It is particularly useful for scientists in microbiology and disinfection/decontamination laboratories, healthcare workers who use disinfectants, students in microbiology, clinicians, members of the Institute of Decontamination Sciences/Central Sterilising Club, and those employed in the Central Sterile Services departments of healthcare facilities. Discusses decontamination processes in Europe Provides an in-depth understanding into decontamination in healthcare settings, specifically hospitals and dental practices Examines the decontamination of surgical equipment and endoscopes

Infection Prevention and Control in Healthcare Part I Facility Planning and Management An Issue of Infectious Disease Clinics of North America E Book

Infection Prevention and Control in Healthcare  Part I  Facility Planning and Management  An Issue of Infectious Disease Clinics of North America  E Book Book
Author : Keith S. Kaye,Sorabh Dhar
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2016-08-16
ISBN : 0323462790
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Dr. Kaye and Dr. Dhor have assembled top experts to write about facility planning and management in Part I of their two issues devoted to Infection Prevention and Control in Healthcare. Articles in this issue are devoted to: Building a Successful Infection Control Program: Key Components, Processes and Economics; Hand Hygiene Sterilization; High Level Disinfection and Environmental Cleaning; Environement of Care; Infection Control in Alternative Healthcare Settings (Long Term Care and Ambulatory); Antibiotic Stewardship; Outbreak Investigations Water Safety in Healthcare/Legionella in the Healthcare Setting; Construction and Renovation; Bloodborne and Body Fluid Exposures - prevention and management of Occupational Health Issues; and Informatics and Statistics in Infection Control. Part II is devoted to clinical management of infections.

Preventing Occupational Disease and Injury

Preventing Occupational Disease and Injury Book
Author : Barry S. Levy
Publisher : American Public Health Association
Release : 2005
ISBN : 9780875530437
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Preventing Occupational Disease and Injury book written by Barry S. Levy, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Communities in Action

Communities in Action Book
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Committee on Community-Based Solutions to Promote Health Equity in the United States
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2017-04-27
ISBN : 0309452961
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the United States, some populations suffer from far greater disparities in health than others. Those disparities are caused not only by fundamental differences in health status across segments of the population, but also because of inequities in factors that impact health status, so-called determinants of health. Only part of an individual's health status depends on his or her behavior and choice; community-wide problems like poverty, unemployment, poor education, inadequate housing, poor public transportation, interpersonal violence, and decaying neighborhoods also contribute to health inequities, as well as the historic and ongoing interplay of structures, policies, and norms that shape lives. When these factors are not optimal in a community, it does not mean they are intractable: such inequities can be mitigated by social policies that can shape health in powerful ways. Communities in Action: Pathways to Health Equity seeks to delineate the causes of and the solutions to health inequities in the United States. This report focuses on what communities can do to promote health equity, what actions are needed by the many and varied stakeholders that are part of communities or support them, as well as the root causes and structural barriers that need to be overcome.

Practical Healthcare Epidemiology

Practical Healthcare Epidemiology Book
Author : Ebbing Lautenbach,Preeti N. Malani,Keith F. Woeltje,Jennifer H. Han,Emily K. Shuman,Jonas Marschall
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2018-04-19
ISBN : 1107153166
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A clear, hands-on outline of best practices for infection prevention that directly improve patient outcomes across the healthcare continuum.

Environmental Pollutants and their Bioremediation Approaches

Environmental Pollutants and their Bioremediation Approaches Book
Author : Ram Naresh Bharagava
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-07-06
ISBN : 1351700596
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a compilation of detailed and latest knowledge on the various types of environmental pollutants released from various natural as well as anthropogenic sources, their toxicological effects in environments, humans, animals and plants as well as various bioremediation approaches for their safe disposal into the environments. In this book, an extensive focus has been made on the various types of environmental pollutants discharged from various sources, their toxicological effects in environments, humans, animals and plants as well as their biodegradation and bioremediation approaches for environmental cleanup.

Health and Sustainability

Health and Sustainability Book
Author : Tee L. Guidotti
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0199325332
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"'Health and sustainability: an introduction' details how the science and values of sustainability can be applied to health protection and population health. By providing a practical framework for understanding complicated sustainability problems related to health, the book offers an authoritative resource for understanding the relationship between health and sustainability policies and practice"--back cover.

Quick Reference to Outbreak Investigation and Control in Health Care Facilities

Quick Reference to Outbreak Investigation and Control in Health Care Facilities Book
Author : Kathleen Meehan Arias
Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Learning
Release : 2000
ISBN : 9780834211797
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Manager of the Infection Control Department at Sinai Hospital in Baltimore, Arias explains to others in her position how to apply principles of epidemiology to preventing, tracking, and controlling outbreaks of infectious diseases in health-care institutions. Her topics include routine surveillance

Healthcare Associated Infections in Children

Healthcare Associated Infections in Children Book
Author : J. Chase McNeil,Judith R. Campbell,Jonathan D. Crews
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-10-30
ISBN : 3319981226
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With advances in technology and medical science, children with previously untreatable and often fatal conditions, such as congenital heart disease, extreme prematurity and pediatric malignancy, are living longer. While this is a tremendous achievement, pediatric providers are now more commonly facing challenges in these medical complex children both as a consequence of their underlying disease and the delivery of medical care. The term healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) encompass both infections that occur in the hospital and those that occur as a consequence of healthcare exposure and medical complexity in the outpatient setting. HAIs are associated with substantial morbidity and mortality for the individual patient as well as seriously taxing the healthcare system as a whole. In studies from the early 2000s, over 11% of all children in pediatric intensive care units develop HAIs and this figure increases substantially if neonatal intensive care units are considered. While progress has been made in decreasing the rates of HAI in the hospital, these infections remain a major burden on the medical system. In a study published in 2013, the annual estimated costs of the five most common HAIs in the United States totaled $9.8 billion. An estimated 648,000 patients developed HAIs in hospitals within the US in 2011 and children with healthcare-associated bloodstream infection have a greater than three-fold increased risk of death. While a number of texts discuss HAIs in the broader context of infectious diseases or pediatric infectious diseases (such as Mandell’s Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases or Long and Pickering’s Principles and Practice of Pediatric Infectious Diseases) no single text specifically focuses on the epidemiology, diagnosis and management of HAI in children. Many infectious diseases texts are organized based on the microbiology of infection and from this starting point then discussing the clinical syndromes associated with the organism of interest. For instance, a chapter on Staphylococcus aureus may contain a brief discussion of the role of S. aureus in surgical site infections in the wider context of all staphylococcal disease. For clinicians caring for children at the bedside, however, the clinical syndrome is typically appreciated and intervention necessary prior to organism identification. We propose a text that details both the general principles involved in HAIs and infection prevention but also provides a problem oriented approach. Such a text would be of interest to intensivists, neonatologists, hospitalists, oncologists, infection preventionists and infectious diseases specialists. The proposed text will be divided into three principle sections: 1) Basic Principles of Infection Control and Prevention, 2) Major Infectious Syndromes and 3) Infections in Vulnerable Hosts. Chapters in the Major Infectious Syndromes section will include discussion of the epidemiology, microbiology, clinical features, diagnosis, medical management (or surgical management as appropriate) and prevention of the disease entity of interest. Chapters will seek to be evidenced based as much as possible drawing from the published medical literature as well as from clinical practice guidelines (such as those from the Infectious Diseases Society of America) when applicable. We intend to include tables, figures and algorithms as appropriate to assist clinicians in the evaluation and management of these often complex patients. Finally, we intend to invite authors to participate in this project from across a number of medical specialties including infectious diseases, infection control, critical care, oncology and surgery to provide a multidisciplinary understanding of disease. It is our intent to have many chapters be co-written by individuals in different subspecialties; for instance, a chapter on ventilator-associated pneumonia may be co-written by both infectious disease and critical care medicine specialists. Such a unique text has the potential to provide important guidance for clinicians caring for these often fragile children.