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Handbook Of Wood Chemistry And Wood Composites

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Handbook of Wood Chemistry and Wood Composites Second Edition

Handbook of Wood Chemistry and Wood Composites  Second Edition Book
Author : Roger M. Rowell
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-09-06
ISBN : 1439853800
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Wood has played a major role throughout human history. Strong and versatile, the earliest humans used wood to make shelters, cook food, construct tools, build boats, and make weapons. Recently, scientists, politicians, and economists have renewed their interest in wood because of its unique properties, aesthetics, availability, abundance, and perhaps most important of all, its renewability. However, wood will not reach its highest use potential until we fully describe it, understand the mechanisms that control its performance properties, and, finally, are able to manipulate those properties to give us the desired performance we seek. The Handbook of Wood Chemistry and Wood Composites analyzes the chemical composition and physical properties of wood cellulose and its response to natural processes of degradation. It describes safe and effective chemical modifications to strengthen wood against biological, chemical, and mechanical degradation without using toxic, leachable, or corrosive chemicals. Expert researchers provide insightful analyses of the types of chemical modifications applied to polymer cell walls in wood. They emphasize the mechanisms of reaction involved and resulting changes in performance properties including modifications that increase water repellency, fire retardancy, and resistance to ultraviolet light, heat, moisture, mold, and other biological organisms. The text also explores modifications that increase mechanical strength, such as lumen fill, monomer polymer penetration, and plasticization. The Handbook of Wood Chemistry and Wood Composites concludes with the latest applications, such as adhesives, geotextiles, and sorbents, and future trends in the use of wood-based composites in terms of sustainable agriculture, biodegradability and recycling, and economics. Incorporating decades of teaching experience, the editor of this handbook is well-attuned to educational demands as well as industry standards and research trends.

Handbook of Wood Chemistry and Wood Composites

Handbook of Wood Chemistry and Wood Composites Book
Author : Roger M. Rowell
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-09-06
ISBN : 1439853819
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Wood has played a major role throughout human history. Strong and versatile, the earliest humans used wood to make shelters, cook food, construct tools, build boats, and make weapons. Recently, scientists, politicians, and economists have renewed their interest in wood because of its unique properties, aesthetics, availability, abundance, and perha

Handbook of Wood Chemistry and Wood Composites

Handbook of Wood Chemistry and Wood Composites Book
Author : Roger M. Rowell
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2005-02-18
ISBN : 0203492439
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The degradable nature of high-performance, wood-based materials is an attractive advantage when considering environmental factors such as sustainability, recycling, and energy/resource conservation. The Handbook of Wood Chemistry and Wood Composites provides an excellent guide to the latest concepts and technologies in wood chemistry and bio-based composites. The book analyzes the chemical composition and physical properties of wood cellulose and its response to natural processes of degradation. It describes safe and effective chemical modifications to strengthen wood against biological, chemical, and mechanical degradation without using toxic, leachable, or corrosive chemicals. Expert researchers provide insightful analyses of the types of chemical modifications applied to polymer cell walls in wood, emphasizing the mechanisms of reaction involved and resulting changes in performance properties. These include modifications that increase water repellency, fire retardancy, and resistance to ultraviolet light, heat, moisture, mold, and other biological organisms. The text also explores modifications that increase mechanical strength, such as lumen fill, monomer polymer penetration, and plasticization. The Handbook of Wood Chemistry and Wood Composites concludes with the latest applications, such as adhesives, geotextiles, and sorbents, and future trends in the use of wood-based composites in terms of sustainable agriculture, biodegradability and recycling, and economics. Incorporating over 30 years of teaching experience, the esteemed editor of this handbook is well-attuned to educational demands as well as industry standards and research trends.

Lignocellulosic Fibers and Wood Handbook

Lignocellulosic Fibers and Wood Handbook Book
Author : Mohamed Naceur Belgacem,Antonio Pizzi
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-04-05
ISBN : 1118773551
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book will focus on lignocellulosic fibres as a raw material for several applications. It will start with wood chemistry and morphology. Then, some fibre isolation processes will be given, before moving to composites, panel and paper manufacturing, characterization and aging.

Solid Wood

Solid Wood Book
Author : Joseph Mayo
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2015-10-05
ISBN : 1317587499
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over the past 10-15 years a renaissance in wood architecture has occurred with the development of new wood building systems and design strategies, elevating wood from a predominantly single-family residential idiom to a rival of concrete and steel construction for a variety of building types, including high rises. This new solid wood architecture offers unparalleled environmental as well as construction and aesthetic benefits, and is of growing importance for professionals and academics involved in green design. Solid Wood provides the first detailed book which allows readers to understand new mass timber/massive wood architecture. It provides: historical context in wood architecture from around the world a strong environmental rationale for the use of wood in buildings recent developments in contemporary fire safety and structural issues insights into building code challenges detailed case studies of new large-scale wood building systems on a country-by-country basis. Case studies from the UK, Norway, Sweden, Germany, Austria, Italy, Canada, the United States, New Zealand and Australia highlight design strategies, construction details and unique cultural attitudes in wood design. The case studies include the most ambitious academic, hospitality, industrial, multi-family, and wood office buildings in the world. With discussions from leading architectural, engineering, and material manufacturing firms in Europe, North America and the South Pacific, Solid Wood disrupts preconceived notions and serves as an indispensable guide to twenty-first century wood architecture and its environmental and cultural benefits.

Wood Polymer Composites

Wood Polymer Composites Book
Author : Sanjay Mavinkere Rangappa,Jyotishkumar Parameswaranpillai,Mohit Hemanth Kumar,Suchart Siengchin
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-04-27
ISBN : 981161606X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book comprehensively covers the different topics of wood polymer composite materials mainly synthesis methods for the composite materials, various characterization techniques to study the superior properties and insights on potential advanced applications. It also discusses the chemistry, fabrication process, properties, applications, recycling and life cycle assessment of wood polymer composites. This is a useful reference source for both engineers and researchers working in composite materials science as well as the students attending materials science, physics, chemistry and engineering courses.

Handbook of Composites from Renewable Materials Design and Manufacturing

Handbook of Composites from Renewable Materials  Design and Manufacturing Book
Author : Vijay Kumar Thakur,Manju Kumari Thakur,Michael R. Kessler
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-02-17
ISBN : 1119224276
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Handbook of Composites From Renewable Materials comprises a set of 8 individual volumes that brings an interdisciplinary perspective to accomplish a more detailed understanding of the interplay between the synthesis, structure, characterization, processing, applications and performance of these advanced materials. The handbook covers a multitude of natural polymers/ reinforcement/ fillers and biodegradable materials. Together, the 8 volumes total at least 5000 pages and offers a unique publication. This 2nd volume of the Handbook is solely focused on the Design and Manufacturing of renewable materials. Some of the important topics include but not limited to: design and manufacturing of high performance green composites; manufacturing of high performance biomass-based polyesters by rheological approach; components design of fibrous composite materials; design and manufacturing of bio-based sandwich structures; design and manufacture of biodegradable products from renewable resources; manufacturing and characterization of quicklime filled metal alloy composites for single row deep groove ball bearing; manufacturing of composites from chicken feathers and poly (vinyl chloride); production of porous carbons from resorcinol-formaldehyde gels: applications; composites using agricultural wastes; manufacturing of rice wastes-based natural fiber polymer composites from thermosetting vs. thermoplastic matrices; thermoplastic polymeric composites; natural fiber reinforced PLA composites; rigid closed-cell PUR foams containing polyols derived from renewable resources; preparation and application of the composite from alginate; recent developments in biocomposites of bombyx mori silk fibroin; design and manufacturing of natural fiber/ synthetic fiber reinforced polymer hybrid composites; natural fibre composite strengthening solution for structural beam component for enhanced flexural strength; high pressure resin transfer molding of epoxy resins from renewable sources; cork based structural composites; the use of wheat straw as an agricultural waste in composites for semi-structural applications and design/ manufacturing of sustainable composites.

Biodeterioration of Wooden Cultural Heritage

Biodeterioration of Wooden Cultural Heritage Book
Author : Anastasia Pournou
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-10-27
ISBN : 3030465047
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since prehistoric times and throughout the course of human evolution, wood has been an integral part of all civilizations. Wooden Cultural Heritage can be found worldwide, providing valuable information on the social and economic context of human history. Nonetheless, as a natural cellulosic material, wood shows low resistance to biodeterioration and thus wooden Cultural Heritage often fails to escape decomposition in both aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. This book provides a comprehensive overview on the biodeterioration of wooden Cultural Heritage and describes the decay mechanisms of key organisms and microorganisms encountered in aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. Cultural Heritage professionals, researchers and academics may explore within this book the associations between deteriogens, habitats and decay, which will assist them to understand wood biodeterioration and design effective prevention, mitigation and remediation strategies. The book presents case studies around the world to demonstrate the impact of biogenic deterioration on wooden Cultural Heritage and illustrates mechanisms and patterns in order to be a useful handbook of decay diagnosis. Lastly, by adopting a holistic approach to wood decay, basic concepts of wood technology, ecology, and deteriogens' biology are introduced, permitting readers of different scientific backgrounds to easily comprehend wood biodeterioration.

Performance of Bio based Building Materials

Performance of Bio based Building Materials Book
Author : Dennis Jones,Christian Brischke
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2017-07-07
ISBN : 0081009925
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Performance of Bio-based Building Materials provides guidance on the use of bio-based building materials (BBBM) with respect to their performance. The book focuses on BBBM currently present on the European market. The state-of-the-art is presented regarding material properties, recommended uses, performance expectancies, testing methodology, and related standards. Chapters cover both ‘old and traditional’ BBBM since quite a few of them are experiencing a comeback on the market. Promising developments that could become commercial in the near future are presented as well. The book will be a valuable reference resource for those working in the bio-based materials research community, architects and agencies dealing with sustainable construction, and graduate students in civil engineering. Takes a unique approach to bio-based materials and presents a broad overview of the topics on relevant areas necessary for application and promotion in construction Contains a general description, notable properties related to performance, and applications Presents standards that are structured according to performance types

Eco Friendly Adhesives for Wood and Natural Fiber Composites

Eco Friendly Adhesives for Wood and Natural Fiber Composites Book
Author : Mohammad Jawaid,Tanveer Ahmed Khan,Mohammed Nasir
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021
ISBN : 981334749X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides an overview of eco-friendly resins and their composite materials covering their synthesis, sources, structures and properties for different industrial applications to support the ongoing research and development in eco-friendly and renewable commercial products. It provides comparative discussions on the properties of eco-friendly resins with other polymer composites. It is a useful reference on bio-based eco-friendly polymer resins, wood-based composites, natural fibers and biomass materials for the polymer scientists, engineers and material scientists.

Bioenergy from Dendromass for the Sustainable Development of Rural Areas

Bioenergy from Dendromass for the Sustainable Development of Rural Areas Book
Author : David Butler-Manning,Albrecht Bemmann,Michael Bredemeier,Norbert Lamersdorf,Christian Ammer
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-11-09
ISBN : 3527337644
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Based on the results of two bioenergy research initiatives in Germany, this reference examines the sustainable management of wood biomass in rural areas. The large number of participating organizations and research institutes ensures a balanced and unbiased view on the potentials and risks is presented, taking into account economic, ecological, and social aspects. Most of the results reported are available here for the first time in English and have been collated in central Europe, but are equally applicable to other temperate regions. They highlight best practices for enhancing dendromass potential and productivity, while discussing the implications on rural economies and ecosystems.

Thermo Hydro Mechanical Wood Processing

Thermo Hydro Mechanical Wood Processing Book
Author : Parvis Navi,Dick Sandberg
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-02-07
ISBN : 1439860432
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Describing the history and state-of-the-art of the thermo-hydrous manipulation of wood, this book provides either a desk reference or a field manual of wood science. It examines the polymeric components of wood and its multilevel hierarchical structure that confer its unique general-purpose character and faculty for transformation. Exceeding all other material in its capacity to deform under controlled conditions and for a proscribed outcome, wood, under thermo-hydrous conditions, permits a multitude of industrial processes. Discussing the processes at work and the industrial applications, this book is a must for all interested in the manipulation of wood.

Adhesives for Wood and Lignocellulosic Materials

Adhesives for Wood and Lignocellulosic Materials Book
Author : R. N. Kumar,A. Pizzi
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-07-17
ISBN : 1119605539
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book is a comprehensive treatment of the subject covering a wide range of subjects uniquely available in a single source for the first time. A material science approach has been adopted in dealing with wood adhesion and adhesives. The approach of the authors was to bring out hierarchical cellular and porous characteristics of wood with polymeric cell wall structure, along with the associated non-cell wall extractives, which greatly influence the interaction of wood substrate with polymeric adhesives in a very unique manner not existent in the case of other adherends. Environmental aspects, in particular formaldehyde emission from adhesive bonded wood products, has been included. A significant feature of the book is the inclusion of polymeric matrix materials for wood polymer composites.

Review of Forests Wood Products and Wood Biotechnology of Iran and Germany

Review of Forests  Wood Products and Wood Biotechnology of Iran and Germany Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Release : 2009
ISBN : 3940344729
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Review of Forests Wood Products and Wood Biotechnology of Iran and Germany book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Green Biorenewable Biocomposites

Green Biorenewable Biocomposites Book
Author : Vijay Kumar Thakur,Michael R. Kessler
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-01-05
ISBN : 1482252678
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Keeping in mind the advantages of bio-based materials, this book focuses on the potential efficacy of different biocomposites procured from diverse natural resources and the preparation and processing of the biocomposites to be used for a variety of applications. Each chapter gives an overview on a particular biocomposite material and its processing and successful utilization for selected applications. The chapters summarize recently developed research on such topics as: • Spider silk biocomposites • Biogenic hydroxyapatite-based implant biocomposites • Liquid crystals and cellulose derivatives biocomposites • Bio-based epoxy resins • Bio-based polyphenols and lignocellulosic fibers • Wood-based biocomposites • Flame retardant biocomposites • Biocomposites for industrial noise control • Cellulose-based bionanocomposites Each individual chapter also focuses on the knowledge and understanding of the interfaces manifested in these biocomposites systems and the optimization of different parameters for novel properties. In addition to this, the book also summarizes the recent developments made in the area of injection molding of biocomposites, chemical functionalization of natural fibers, processing of biocomposites, and their applications in the automotive and biomedical industries. A number of critical issues and suggestions for future work are discussed, underscoring the roles of researchers for the efficient development of biocomposite materials through value addition to enhance their use.

Smart Composite Coatings and Membranes

Smart Composite Coatings and Membranes Book
Author : Maria Fatima Montemor
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-11-09
ISBN : 1782422951
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Smart Composite Coatings and Membranes: Transport, Structural, Environmental and Energy Applications provides the latest information on the increase in demand for new smart materials for a wide array of different technological applications. The book comprehensively reviews the latest developments in smart composite materials used as membranes, barriers, and coatings, with a special focus on corrosion protection, transportation, structure, and the wide range of applications. Part one examines the properties, processing, and manufacture of smart composite materials, along with techniques for modeling the behavior of these materials, while other sections review the use of smart composite coatings in aerospace, marine, and metal structural applications, examine the protective properties and applications of smart composite coatings, and introduce specific low environmental impact and energy efficient applications, such as energy generation and storage, water management, and stone conservation. Explores the use of smart composite materials for coatings, barriers and membranes Comprehensively reviews the latest developments in smart composite materials, with a special focus on corrosion protection, transportation, structure, and the wide range of applications Examines the properties, processing, manufacture and behavior modeling of smart composite materials Focuses on applications that have an impact on more effective energy savings and efficiency, green-house emissions, and environmental protection

Advances in Wood Composites

Advances in Wood Composites Book
Author : Antonios N. Papadopoulos
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-04-17
ISBN : 303928584X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Wood composites have shown very good performance, and substantial service lives when correctly specified for the exposure risks present. Selection of an appropriate product for the job should be accompanied by decisions about the appropriate protection, whether this is by design, by preservative treatment or by wood modification techniques. This Special Issue, Advances in Wood Composites presents recent progress in enhancing and refining the performance and properties of wood composites by chemical and thermal modification and the application of smart nanomaterials, which have made them a particular area of interest for researchers. In addition, it reviews some important aspects in the field of wood composites, with particular focus on their materials, applications, and engineering and scientific advances, including solutions inspired biomimetrically by the structure of wood and wood composites. This Special Issue, with a collection of 13 original contributions, provides selected examples of recent Advances in Wood Composites

Advances in Composite Materials

Advances in Composite Materials Book
Author : Pavla Tesinova
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2011-09-09
ISBN : 9533074493
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Composites are made up of constituent materials with high engineering potential. This potential is wide as wide is the variation of materials and structure constructions when new updates are invented every day. Technological advances in composite field are included in the equipment surrounding us daily; our lives are becoming safer, hand in hand with economical and ecological advantages. This book collects original studies concerning composite materials, their properties and testing from various points of view. Chapters are divided into groups according to their main aim. Material properties are described in innovative way either for standard components as glass, epoxy, carbon, etc. or biomaterials and natural sources materials as ramie, bone, wood, etc. Manufacturing processes are represented by moulding methods; lamination process includes monitoring during process. Innovative testing procedures are described in electrochemistry, pulse velocity, fracture toughness in macro-micro mechanical behaviour and more.

Wood Deterioration Protection and Maintenance

Wood Deterioration  Protection and Maintenance Book
Author : Ladislav Reinprecht
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-10-17
ISBN : 1119106532
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Wood Deterioration, Protection and Maintenance provides an up to date discussion of the natural durability of wood, wood degradation processes, and methods of structural and chemical protection of wood. Modern active substances in wood preservatives and the relationships between preservative properties, the anatomical structure and moisture content of wood and protective processes involving pressure and/or diffusion driving forces are fully illustrated.

Kenaf Fibers and Composites

Kenaf Fibers and Composites Book
Author : S. M. Sapuan,M.R. Ishak,J. Sahari,Muhammed Lamin Sanyang
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-06-14
ISBN : 1498753434
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Kenaf fiber is gaining attention as an alternative reinforcement for composite products due to low cost, reduced environmental impact, and attractive mechanical properties. Kenaf Fibers and Composites covers the breadth of these exciting materials, from raw material preparation to application in a variety of products. It discusses fiber characterization and properties, how to prepare kenaf-based composites, and design, manufacturing, and applications. It also covers hybrid fiber composites, kenaf fiber thermosetting composites, kenaf fiber thermoplastic composites, kenaf fibers in various lengths, and forms and arrangements such as particulates, continuous roving, and woven fabrics. Cellulose-based kenaf composites and kenaf fiber-filled biopolymer composites are presented.