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Diffusion Tensor Imaging

Diffusion Tensor Imaging Book
Author : Wim Van Hecke,Louise Emsell,Stefan Sunaert
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-12-14
ISBN : 1493931180
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides an overview of the practical aspects of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), from understanding the basis of the technique through selection of the right protocols, trouble-shooting data quality, and analyzing DTI data optimally. DTI is a non-invasive magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique for visualizing and quantifying tissue microstructure based on diffusion. The book discusses the theoretical background underlying DTI and advanced techniques based on higher-order models and multi-shell diffusion imaging. It covers the practical implementation of DTI; derivation of information from DTI data; and a range of clinical applications, including neurosurgical planning and the assessment of brain tumors. Its practical utility is enhanced by decision schemes and a fully annotated DTI brain atlas, including color fractional anisotropy maps and 3D tractography reconstructions of major white matter fiber bundles. Featuring contributions from leading specialists in the field of DTI, Diffusion Tensor Imaging: A Practical Handbook is a valuable resource for radiologists, neuroradiologists, MRI technicians and clinicians.

Handbook of Neuroimaging Data Analysis

Handbook of Neuroimaging Data Analysis Book
Author : Hernando Ombao,Martin Lindquist,Wesley Thompson,John Aston
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-11-18
ISBN : 1482220989
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explores various state-of-the-art aspects behind the statistical analysis of neuroimaging data. It examines the development of novel statistical approaches to model brain data. Designed for researchers in statistics, biostatistics, computer science, cognitive science, computer engineering, biomedical engineering, applied mathematics, physics, and radiology, the book can also be used as a textbook for graduate-level courses in statistics and biostatistics or as a self-study reference for Ph.D. students in statistics, biostatistics, psychology, neuroscience, and computer science.

The Oxford Handbook of Neurolinguistics

The Oxford Handbook of Neurolinguistics Book
Author : Greig I. de Zubicaray,Niels O. Schiller
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2019-03-01
ISBN : 0190914866
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neurolinguistics is a young and highly interdisciplinary field, with influences from psycholinguistics, psychology, aphasiology, and (cognitive) neuroscience, as well as other fields. Neurolinguistics, like psycholinguistics, covers aspects of language processing; but unlike psycholinguistics, it draws on data from patients with damage to language processing capacities, or the use of modern neuroimaging technologies such as fMRI, TMS, or both. The burgeoning interest in neurolinguistics reflects that an understanding of the neural bases of this data can inform more biologically plausible models of the human capacity for language. The Oxford Handbook of Neurolinguistics provides concise overviews of this rapidly-growing field, and engages a broad audience with an interest in the neurobiology of language. The chapters do not attempt to provide exhaustive coverage, but rather present discussions of prominent questions posed by given topics. The volume opens with essential methodological chapters: Section I, Methods, covers the key techniques and technologies used to study the neurobiology of language today, with chapters structured along the basic divisions of the field. Section II addresses the neurobiology of language acquisition during healthy development and in response to challenges presented by congenital and acquired conditions. Section III covers the many facets of our articulate brain, or speech-language pathology, and the capacity for language production-written, spoken, and signed. Questions regarding how the brain comprehends meaning, including emotions at word and discourse levels, are addressed in Section IV. Finally, Section V reaches into broader territory, characterizing and contextualizing the neurobiology of language with respect to more fundamental neuroanatomical mechanisms and general cognitive domains.

The Oxford Handbook of Functional Brain Imaging in Neuropsychology and Cognitive Neurosciences

The Oxford Handbook of Functional Brain Imaging in Neuropsychology and Cognitive Neurosciences Book
Author : Andrew C. Papanicolaou
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0199764220
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Oxford Handbook of Functional Brain Imaging in Neuropsychology and Cognitive Neurosciences describes in a readily accessible manner the several functional neuroimaging methods and critically appraises their applications that today account for a large part of the contemporary cognitive neuroscience and neuropsychology literature. The complexity and the novelty of these methods often cloud appreciation of the methods' contributions and future promise. The Handbook begins with an overview of the basic concepts of functional brain imaging common to all methods, and proceeds with a description of each of them, namely magnetoencephalography (MEG), functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), positron emission tomography (PET), diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), and transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). Its second part covers the various research applications of functional neuroimaging on issues like the function of the default mode network; the possibility and the utility of imaging of consciousness; the search for mnemonic traces of concepts; human will and decision-making; motor cognition; language; the mechanisms of affective states and pain; the presurgical mapping of the brain; and others. As such, the volume reviews the methods and their contributions to current research and comments on the degree to which they have enhanced our understanding of the relation between neurophysiological activity and sensory, motor, and cognitive functions. Moreover, it carefully considers realistic contributions of functional neuroimaging to future endeavors in cognitive neuroscience, medicine, and neuropsychology.

Handbook of Biomedical Imaging

Handbook of Biomedical Imaging Book
Author : Nikos Paragios,James Duncan,Nicholas Ayache
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-03-24
ISBN : 038709749X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers a unique guide to the entire chain of biomedical imaging, explaining how image formation is done, and how the most appropriate algorithms are used to address demands and diagnoses. It is an exceptional tool for radiologists, research scientists, senior undergraduate and graduate students in health sciences and engineering, and university professors.

Handbook of Brain Connectivity

Handbook of Brain Connectivity Book
Author : Viktor K. Jirsa,A.R. McIntosh
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2007-08-16
ISBN : 3540715126
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Our contemporary understanding of brain function is deeply rooted in the ideas of the nonlinear dynamics of distributed networks. Cognition and motor coordination seem to arise from the interactions of local neuronal networks, which themselves are connected in large scales across the entire brain. The spatial architectures between various scales inevitably influence the dynamics of the brain and thereby its function. But how can we integrate brain connectivity amongst these structural and functional domains? Our Handbook provides an account of the current knowledge on the measurement, analysis and theory of the anatomical and functional connectivity of the brain. All contributors are leading experts in various fields concerning structural and functional brain connectivity. In the first part of the Handbook, the chapters focus on an introduction and discussion of the principles underlying connected neural systems. The second part introduces the currently available non-invasive technologies for measuring structural and functional connectivity in the brain. Part three provides an overview of the analysis techniques currently available and highlights new developments. Part four introduces the application and translation of the concepts of brain connectivity to behavior, cognition and the clinical domain.

Handbook of Child Psychology and Developmental Science Theory and Method

Handbook of Child Psychology and Developmental Science  Theory and Method Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-03-31
ISBN : 1118952979
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The essential reference for human development theory, updatedand reconceptualized The Handbook of Child Psychology and DevelopmentalScience, a four-volume reference, is the field-defining work towhich all others are compared. First published in 1946, and now inits Seventh Edition, the Handbook has long been consideredthe definitive guide to the field of developmental science. Volume 1, Theory and Method, presents a rich mix ofclassic and contemporary theoretical perspectives, but the dominantviews throughout are marked by an emphasis on the dynamic interplayof all facets of the developmental system across the life span,incorporating the range of biological, cognitive, emotional,social, cultural, and ecological levels of analysis. Examples ofthe theoretical approaches discussed in the volume include thosepertinent to human evolution, self regulation, the development ofdynamic skills, and positive youth development. The research,methodological, and applied implications of the theoretical modelsdiscussed in the volume are presented. Understand the contributions of biology, person, and context todevelopment within the embodied ecological system Discover the relations among individual, the social world,culture, and history that constitute human development Examine the methods of dynamic, developmental research Learn person-oriented methodological approaches to assessingdevelopmental change The scholarship within this volume and, as well, across the fourvolumes of this edition, illustrate that developmental science isin the midst of a very exciting period. There is a paradigm shiftthat involves increasingly greater understanding of how todescribe, explain, and optimize the course of human life fordiverse individuals living within diverse contexts. ThisHandbook is the definitive reference for educators,policy-makers, researchers, students, and practitioners in humandevelopment, psychology, sociology, anthropology, andneuroscience.

The Neuropsychology Handbook

The Neuropsychology Handbook Book
Author : Arthur MacNeill Horton,Danny Wedding
Publisher : Springer Publishing Company
Release : 2008-01
ISBN : 0826102514
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The new edition of this basic reference for the practicing clinical and behavioral neuropsychologist and text for graduate student expands its coverage of the major areas in which clinical neuropsychologists work.

The Neuropsychology Handbook

The Neuropsychology Handbook Book
Author : Dr. Danny Wedding, PhD, MPH
Publisher : Springer Publishing Company
Release : 2007-10-18
ISBN : 082610312X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

ìA fantastic and monumental contribution to our field.î ñ Ralph M. Reitan, PhD "The field of neuropsychology has many specialized books on particular diseases, but there is always a need for a general text to cover the major aspects of neuropsychology from neuroanatomy to assessment to practice issues. This is one such book that attempts to provide comprehensive coverage of the field." --Doody's In the last decade, the number of books, courses, training opportunities, and journals dealing with clinical neuropsychology has greatly increased. Demand for a complete reference in the field is growing as practitioners in private practice, the court system, and the medical field continue to make discoveries and advance our knowledge of the brain system and how it affects our everyday lives. In order to address this urgent need, Drs. Horton and Wedding have edited this Third Edition of the classic Neuropsychology Handbook. In its pages are reviews of all the major areas in which clinical neuropsychologists work: the foundations of clinical neuropsychology brain structure and function neurological disorders psychiatric disorders diagnostic decision-making symptom validity testing neuroimaging behavioral change following traumatic brain injury disability determination rehabilitation planning, and more Very specialized areas of practice such as clinical neuropsychology with children, clinical neurotoxicology, and neuropsychological assessment in criminal law cases also receive chapters.

European Handbook of Neurological Management

European Handbook of Neurological Management Book
Author : Nils Erik Gilhus,Michael R. Barnes,Michael Brainin
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-10-04
ISBN : 1444346245
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Evidence-based, peer reviewed, best practice management guidelines for neurologists Diagnosis is only part of the puzzle. Effective treatment is what your patients really want. The European Federation of Neurological Societies has been publishing management guidelines in the European Journal of Neurology for many years. Developed by a consensus approach, using graded evidence, and then fully peer reviewed, these guidelines provide gold-standard, best-practice guidance to the treatment of neurological disorders. They help bridge the gap between what is done and what should be done for patients with neurological disorders. The basic guidelines have been expanded with 'Recommendations' based on strong evidence and 'Good Practice Points' where only weaker evidence is available. The Guidelines in this volume include, amongst others: Neurostimulation therapy for neuropathic pain Molecular diagnosis for a range of neurological conditions Intravenous immunoglobulin in the treatment of neurological diseases Sleep disorders in neurodegenerative disorders and stroke Management of low-grade gliomas Treatment of miscellaneous idiopathic headache disorders The European Handbook of Neurological Management provides a thoroughly rounded and grounded approach to best-practice neurological management using evidence-based principles. Titles of related interest Cerebrovascular Ultrasound in Stroke Prevention, 2e Alexandrov (ed); ISBN 9781405195768 Parkinsons's Disease: Non-Motor and Non-Dopaminergic Features Olanow, Stocchi and Lang (eds); ISBN 9781405191852 Hyperkinetic Movement Disorders: Differential Diagnosis and Treatment Albanese and Jankovic (eds); ISBN 9781444333527

The Cambridge Handbook of Intelligence and Cognitive Neuroscience

The Cambridge Handbook of Intelligence and Cognitive Neuroscience Book
Author : Aron K. Barbey,Sherif Karama,Richard J. Haier
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2021-03-31
ISBN : 1108573746
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This handbook introduces the reader to the thought-provoking research on the neural foundations of human intelligence. Written for undergraduate or graduate students, practitioners, and researchers in psychology, cognitive neuroscience, and related fields, the chapters summarize research emerging from the rapidly developing neuroscience literature on human intelligence. The volume focusses on theoretical innovation and recent advances in the measurement, modelling, and characterization of the neurobiology of intelligence differences, especially from brain imaging studies. It summarizes fundamental issues in the characterization and measurement of general intelligence, and surveys multidisciplinary research consortia and large-scale data repositories for the study of general intelligence. A systematic review of neuroimaging methods for studying intelligence is provided, including structural and diffusion-weighted MRI techniques, functional MRI methods, and spectroscopic imaging of metabolic markers of intelligence.

Handbook of Neuro Oncology Neuroimaging

Handbook of Neuro Oncology Neuroimaging Book
Author : Herbert B. Newton
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-04-02
ISBN : 0128011688
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Remarkable progress in neuro-oncology due to increased utilization of advanced imaging in clinical practice continues to accelerate in recent years. Refinements in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) technology, and the addition of newer anatomical, functional, and metabolic imaging methods, such as MRS, fMRI, diffusion MRI, and DTI MRI have allowed brain tumor patients to be diagnosed much earlier and to be followed more carefully during treatment. With treatment approaches and the field of neuro-oncology neuroimaging changing rapidly, this second edition of the Handbook of Neuro-Oncology Neuroimaging is so relevant to those in the field, providing a single-source, comprehensive, reference handbook of the most up-to-date clinical and technical information regarding the application of neuro-Imaging techniques to brain tumor and neuro-oncology patients. This new volume will have updates on all of the material from the first edition, and in addition will feature several new important chapters covering diverse topics such as advanced imaging techniques in radiation therapy, therapeutic treatment fields, response assessment in clinical trials, surgical planning of neoplastic disease of the spine, and more. It will also serve as a resource of background information to neuroimaging researchers and basic scientists with an interest in brain tumors and neuro-oncology. Provides a background to translational research and the use of brain imaging for brain tumors Contains critical discussions on the potential and limitations of neuroimaging as a translational tool for the diagnosis and treatment of brain tumor and neuro-oncology patients Presents an up-to-date reference on advanced imaging technologies, including computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and positron emission tomography (PET), as well as the recent refinements in these techniques

The Duke Glioma Handbook

The Duke Glioma Handbook Book
Author : Darell D. Bigner,Allan H. Friedman,Henry S. Friedman,Roger McLendon
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2016-03-31
ISBN : 131666516X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The management of patients with a glioma is challenging and best achieved by a team approach encompassing a combination of chemotherapy, radiotherapy, immunotherapy, and surgical excision in a specialist Cancer Center - the balance of treatment depending on the site and grade of tumor. Survival rates are improving and care of patients with or recovering from gliomas is increasingly handled in the community under the care of local physicians. This book provides an authoritative, multi-disciplinary summary of glioma biology, genetics, management and social issues, based on the world-leading program at the Duke University Preston Robert Tisch Brain Tumor Center, one of the world's largest and most successful Centers to offer brain cancer treatment and translational research. The text is written by specialists from this Center, giving it a consistent approach and style. This is an important educational resource for neurologists, neurosurgeons, oncologists, psychiatrists, neurohospitalists and ancillary members of neuro-oncology teams.

Oxford Handbook of Synesthesia

Oxford Handbook of Synesthesia Book
Author : Julia Simner,Edward M. Hubbard
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2013-12
ISBN : 0199603324
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Synesthesia is a fascinating phenomenon which has captured the imagination of scientists and artists alike. This title brings together a broad body of knowledge about this condition into one definitive state-of-the-art handbook.

The Oxford Handbook of Attention

The Oxford Handbook of Attention Book
Author : Anna C. Nobre,Sabine Kastner
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2014-02-13
ISBN : 0191662593
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

During the last three decades there have been enormous advances in our understanding of the neural mechanisms of selective attention at the network as well as the cellular level. The Oxford Handbook of Attention brings together the different research areas that constitute contemporary attention research into one comprehensive and authoritative volume. In 40 chapters, it covers the most important aspects of attention research from the areas of cognitive psychology, neuropsychology, human and animal neuroscience, and computational modelling. The book is divided into six main sections. Following an introduction from Michael Posner, The Oxford Handbook of Attention begins by looking at theoretical models of attention. The next two sections are dedicated to spatial attention and non-spatial attention respectively. Within section 4, the authors consider the interactions between attention and other psychological domains. The last two sections focus on attention related disorders and on computational models of attention. A final epilogue chapter written by Nobre and Kastner summarizes the questions, methods, findings, and emerging principles of contemporary attention research. For both scholars and students, The Oxford Handbook of Attention provides a concise and state-of-the-art review of the current literature in this field.

Handbook of Neurodevelopmental and Genetic Disorders in Children

Handbook of Neurodevelopmental and Genetic Disorders in Children Book
Author : Sam Goldstein,Cecil R. Reynolds
Publisher : Guilford Press
Release : 2010-10-19
ISBN : 1606239902
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses a broad range of biologically based disorders that affect children's learning and development. Leading authorities review the genetics of each disorder; its course and outcome; associated developmental, cognitive, and psychosocial challenges; and what clinicians and educators need to know about effective approaches to assessment and intervention. --from publisher description

The Oxford Handbook of Aphasia and Language Disorders

The Oxford Handbook of Aphasia and Language Disorders Book
Author : Anastasia M. Raymer,Leslie J. Gonzalez-Rothi
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2018
ISBN : 0199772398
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Oxford Handbook of Aphasia and Language Disorders integrates neural and cognitive perspectives, providing a comprehensive overview of the complex language and communication impairments that arise in individuals with acquired brain damage.

Visualization Handbook

Visualization Handbook Book
Author : Charles D. Hansen,Chris R. Johnson
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-08-30
ISBN : 0080481647
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Visualization Handbook provides an overview of the field of visualization by presenting the basic concepts, providing a snapshot of current visualization software systems, and examining research topics that are advancing the field. This text is intended for a broad audience, including not only the visualization expert seeking advanced methods to solve a particular problem, but also the novice looking for general background information on visualization topics. The largest collection of state-of-the-art visualization research yet gathered in a single volume, this book includes articles by a “who’s who of international scientific visualization researchers covering every aspect of the discipline, including: · Virtual environments for visualization · Basic visualization algorithms · Large-scale data visualization · Scalar data isosurface methods · Visualization software and frameworks · Scalar data volume rendering · Perceptual issues in visualization · Various application topics, including information visualization. * Edited by two of the best known people in the world on the subject; chapter authors are authoritative experts in their own fields; * Covers a wide range of topics, in 47 chapters, representing the state-of-the-art of scientific visualization.

The Oxford Handbook of Functional Brain Imaging in Neuropsychology and Cognitive Neurosciences

The Oxford Handbook of Functional Brain Imaging in Neuropsychology and Cognitive Neurosciences Book
Author : Andrew C. Papanicolaou
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2017-04-27
ISBN : 0190669128
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Oxford Handbook of Functional Brain Imaging in Neuropsychology and Cognitive Neurosciences describes in a readily accessible manner the several functional neuroimaging methods and critically appraises their applications that today account for a large part of the contemporary cognitive neuroscience and neuropsychology literature. The complexity and the novelty of these methods often cloud appreciation of the methods' contributions and future promise. The Handbook begins with an overview of the basic concepts of functional brain imaging common to all methods, and proceeds with a description of each of them, namely magnetoencephalography (MEG), functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), positron emission tomography (PET), diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), and transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). Its second part covers the various research applications of functional neuroimaging on issues like the function of the default mode network; the possibility and the utility of imaging of consciousness; the search for mnemonic traces of concepts; human will and decision-making; motor cognition; language; the mechanisms of affective states and pain; the presurgical mapping of the brain; and others. As such, the volume reviews the methods and their contributions to current research and comments on the degree to which they have enhanced our understanding of the relation between neurophysiological activity and sensory, motor, and cognitive functions. Moreover, it carefully considers realistic contributions of functional neuroimaging to future endeavors in cognitive neuroscience, medicine, and neuropsychology.