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Handbook Of Thermoset Plastics

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Handbook of Thermoset Plastics

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics Book
Author : Hanna Dodiuk,Sydney H Goodman
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2013-11-28
ISBN : 1455731099
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thermosetting plastics are a distinct category of plastics whose high performance, durability and reliability at high temperatures makes them suitable for specialty applications ranging from automotive and aerospace through to electronic packaging and consumer products (your melamine kitchen worktop is a thermoset resin!). Recent developments in thermoset plastics technology and processes has broadened their use exponentially over recent years, and these developments continue: in November 2011, French scientists created a new lightweight thermoset that is as strong and stable as previous materials yet can be easily reworked and reshaped when heated which makes it unique amongst thermosets and allows for repair and recycling. The Handbook of Thermoset Plastics, now in its 3rd edition, provides a comprehensive survey of the chemical processes, manufacturing techniques and design properties of each polymer, along with their applications. Written by a team of highly experienced practitioners, the practical implications of using thermoset plastics are presented – both their strengths and weaknesses. The data and descriptions presented here enable engineers, scientists and technicians to form judgments and take action on the basis of informed analysis. The aim of the book is to help the reader to make the right decision and take the correct action – avoiding the pitfalls the authors’ experience has uncovered. The new edition has been updated throughout to reflect current practice in manufacturing and processing, featuring: Case Studies to demonstrate how particular properties make different polymers suitable for different applications, as well as covering end-use and safety considerations. A new chapter on using nanoparticles to enhance thermal and mechanical properties. A new chapter describing new materials based on renewable resources (such as soy-based thermoset plastics). A new chapter covering recent developments and potential future technologies such as new catalysts for Controlled Radical Polymerization. Goodman and Dodiuk-Kenig provide a comprehensive reference guide to the chemistry, manufacturing and applications of thermosets. Updated to include recent developments in manufacturing – from biopolymers to nanocomposites. Case Studies illustrate applications of key thermoset plastics.

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics Book
Author : Sidney H. Goodman
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 1986
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Handbook of Thermoset Plastics book written by Sidney H. Goodman, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics Book
Author : S.H. Goodman (ed)
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021-07-27
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Handbook of Thermoset Plastics book written by S.H. Goodman (ed), available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics Book
Author : Ana Dotan
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-11-28
ISBN : 012809074X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thermosets from renewable sources have been a research focus for the last few decades. Bio-based thermoset resins are considered important candidates for sustainable development since they present the potential to reduce both CO2 footprints and the dependence on petroleum. In order to reduce the ecological impact of a polymer without compromising mechanical and thermal behavior, in some cases, partially bio-based raw materials are accepted. High bio-content resins based on low-toxicity raw materials are the goal for future bio-based thermoset polymers. Free formaldehyde bio-based phenol resins and free bisphenol A–epoxy resins are some examples of this green chemistry concept. The importance of the conversion of biomass into sustainable bio-based polymers is discussed. Chemical pathways developed to make monomers for thermoset polymers from vegetable oils, sugar, and bio-based polyphenols (lignin, tannin, cardanol) will be reviewed.

Handbook Of Thermoset Plastics

Handbook Of Thermoset Plastics Book
Author : Editor - Sidney H. Goodman
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2005-01-01
ISBN : 9788179924761
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Handbook of Thermoset Plastics is specifically aimed to help engineers, chemists, physicists, and students who need general, as well as technical, details concerning everything from historical data and terminology to highly specific curing and staging data. It is written so that both non-specialists and specialists can follow along easily, while making available in-depth data for those who wish to expand their knowledge into new areas of expertise.Once occupying a lesser, yet significant, role in the plastics industry, thermoset plastics technology has increasingly become important to designers and users who work in specialty applications. Everything from toys to medical devices, and from automotive to sports and recreation products, are being manufactured using thermoset plastics. An increased understanding of thermoset plastics technology and processes has broadened their use exponentially over the last few years. In fact, the importance and contributions of unsaturated polyesters, urethanes, and epoxy thermosets have driven unprecedented sales and production figures that approach the definition of commodity materials.As a survey of the technology, the handbook provides the reader with the practical implications of crosslinking, as well as establishing relationships between time, temperature, and mass, often ignored in the general overviews allotted to thermoset plastics in other handbooks. Handbook of Thermoset Plastics offers the most complete collection of general and technical details available for this important subject.entering.

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics Book
Author : Bibin John,C.P. Reghunadhan Nair
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-11-28
ISBN : 0128090723
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Syntactic foams are particulate polymer matrix composite materials consisting of hollow microspheres dispersed in a matrix. The matrix used in syntactic foams can be polymer, metal, or ceramic. Polymer matrices, particularly the thermosetting polymers, have been the most widely accepted matrices in syntactic foams. From the processing and application point of view, thermosetting syntactic foams have many advantages compared to thermoplastic ones. This chapter deals with syntactic foams based on various thermosetting resins and the chemistry of the resin systems. The resin systems are mainly phenolic, epoxy, cyanate ester, siloxane, polybenzoxazine, bismaleimide, and their blends. Apart from a brief chemistry of the parent resin systems, their syntactic foams have been described in detail. The aspects discussed are their processing, physical, thermal, and mechanical properties, applications, and degradation. Their properties can be engineered by a choice of matrix, microcell structure and its concentration, reinforcement, toughners, etc. While the thermal and thermo-physical characteristics are dictated by resin, mechanical and fracture characteristics are decided by both components. While epoxy, cyanate ester, and other such compounds provide structural syntactic foams, phenolics and their new generation versions provide thermo-structural materials. Syntactic foam ablators have made possible interplanetary space missions. Novel engineering concepts like lightweight self-healing give scope for extended applications of these systems. The recent advances in these areas are also discussed. These special materials with high specific strength are slated to replace conventional structural and thermo-structural materials in related engineering applications ranging from domestic to aerospace and defense.

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics Book
Author : Olga Shepelev,Sam Kenig,Hanna Dodiuk
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-11-28
ISBN : 0128090758
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With recent developments in nanotechnology, thermoset nanocomposites offer numerous advantages compared to conventional composite materials. Moreover, with the emergence of commercial nanomaterials like nanoclays (NCs), carbon nanotubes (CNTs), nanosilica (NS), Polyhedral-Oligomeric-Sil-Sesquioxanes (POSS), tungsten-disulfide (WS2) fullerenes and tubes, and Graphene (Gr), new potential routes have been opened to tailor thermosetting polymers in the nanoscale range. Due to the large surface area of the nanosize particles, only small amounts are needed to cause significant changes in the mechanical, physical, and thermal properties of polymer nanocomposites. When the surface areas of the nanoparticles are modified, additional dimensions for the formulation of structural adhesives and composite matrices arise, and can be used for a variety of applications. The formulation sequence and conditions are found to determine the structure and properties of the resulting nanocomposites. This chapter reviews and analyzes the various thermoset nanocomposites containing: NCs, CNTs, NS, POSS, WS2, and Gr.

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics Book
Author : Rodney Patterson,Andreas Kandelbauer,Uwe Müller,Herfried Lammer
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-11-28
ISBN : 0128090766
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cross-linked thermoplastics represent an important class of materials for numerous applications such as heat-shrinkable tubing, rotational molded parts, and polyolefin foams. By cross-linking olefins, their mechanical performance can be significantly enhanced. This chapter covers the three main methods for the cross-linking of thermoplastics: radiation cross-linking, chemical cross-linking with organic peroxides, and cross-linking using silane-grafting agents. It also considers the major effects of the cross-linking procedure on the performance of the thermoplastic materials discussed.

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics Book
Author : M. Satheesh Chandran,C.P. Reghunadhan Nair
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-11-28
ISBN : 0128090715
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

High-performance polymer matrix composites, particularly those for aerospace applications, are designed to withstand high thermal and aerodynamic stresses. This calls for matrix resins with superior thermal and thermo-mechanical properties. Among the diverse thermoset resins, bismaleimide resins stand out as a class of high-performance, addition-curable polyimide resins with excellent thermal, physical, and thermo-mechanical properties. However, their inherent limitations (including brittleness and poor processability) are impediments for their wide acceptability, thus necessitating their structural modification, co-reaction, or blending with suitable compounds to obviate these shortcomings. The widely accepted strategy for structural modification of BMI for conferring low temperature cure characteristics and enhanced toughness is to react it with allyl functional compounds. The allyl compounds react with maleimide groups via the Alder-ene reaction. This chapter deals with recent advances in this domain. It critically compiles the recent literature on the development of Alder-ene-type BMI polymers based on the reaction of various maleimides with allylated compounds. The various systems, their synthesis strategies, curing, and related properties are discussed. Intersystem comparisons have also been made. Where relevant, the chapter also discusses the cure characteristics of Alder-ene polymerization and further modifications of these resins with high-performance thermosets and thermoplastics. Recent studies on nano-modification of the Alder-ene polymer network have also been reviewed. It is concluded that this area is fast developing, and is an active area of research with the potential for producing advanced engineering plastics for applications ranging from adhesives to high-temperature and high-performance structural composites in the civil, defense, and aerospace industries.

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics Book
Author : Kreisler S.Y. Lau
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-11-28
ISBN : 0128090693
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An historical perspective is presented of the commercialization of key aromatic polyimides and related polymers since the mid-20th Century. This precedes a focused discussion of technical advancements in the research, development, and engineering applications of these polymers and modifications during the ensuing decades. Improvements on processibility to facilitate specific applications and fabrication methodologies in the aerospace, automotive, and semiconductor industries has resulted in the successful commercialization of many useful high-temperature resistant thermosetting aromatic polyimides and other aromatic polymers.

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics Book
Author : Gianluca Tondi,Andreas Kandelbauer,Sidney H. Goodman
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-11-28
ISBN : 0128090669
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This chapter addresses the importance and usage of the commercially low volume thermoset plastics group known as allyls. The three significant sub-elements of this group are poly(diallylphthalates), poly(diallylisophthalates), and poly(allyldiglycol carbonate). Chemistry, processing, and properties are also described. Allyl polymers are synthesized by radical polymerizations of allyl monomers that usually do not produce high-molecular-mass macromolecules. Therefore, only a few specific monomers can produce thermosetting materials. Diallyldiglycolcarbonate (CR-39) and diallylphthalates are the most significant examples that have considerably improved our everyday life.

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics Book
Author : Andreas Kandelbauer
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-11-28
ISBN : 0128090707
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Due to their special structural features (triazine ring, oxygen linkages, low dielectric loss) cyanate ester resins represent a promising class of high-performance polymers. They are suitable as matrix materials for applications where, among other properties, stability at high service temperatures, low dielectric loss, and good mechanical performance is required. This chapter deals with some general aspects regarding the chemistry and technology of cyanate ester resins and highlights their most important applications. Relevant performance characteristics of cyanate esters and selected blends with bismaleimide and epoxy resins are briefly discussed. Some recent developments regarding novel monomers are presented as well.

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics Book
Author : K.S. Santhosh Kumar,C.P. Reghunadhan Nair
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-11-28
ISBN : 0128090626
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polybenzoxazines (PBz) belong to the family of new generation phenolic resins. They have emerged as addition-curable polymers. This feature obviates many of the shortcomings associated with conventional phenolic resins. They are endowed with excellent thermal, physical, and thermo-physical properties, and surpass the features of many conventional and state-of-the-art polymers. These unique materials offer extraordinary characteristics: near zero shrinkage, no release of volatiles during cure, high Tg, low flammability, and high UV and chemical stabilities. Given the breadth of molecular design flexibility, a wide variety of polybenzoxazines can be developed. PBz equipped with additional curing groups can generally enhance the overall thermal and mechanical properties. Blends with epoxy resins, cyanate esters, and bismaleimides offer other opportunities for fine-tuning properties. This chapter gives an account of the developments of PBz materials from their inception to the current level of application in engineering areas.

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics Book
Author : Witold Brostow,Sidney H. Goodman,Joshua Wahrmund
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-11-28
ISBN : 0128090677
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Epoxies are an indispensable class of polymers for modern industry. These materials are so ubiquitous, in fact, that scientists and engineers from a very wide range of disciplines are likely to encounter them in quite disparate settings. In recognition of this, the present chapter is organized to suit a variety of backgrounds: chemists, physicists, materials scientists, engineers, and the like. The essential elements of epoxy chemistry are presented first, followed by a host of physical properties, and then applications. In fitting with this aim, we also provide the reader with a review of the measurement techniques relevant to characterizing these materials.

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics Book
Author : Helena Janik,Maciej Sienkiewicz,Justyna Kucinska-Lipka
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-11-28
ISBN : 0128090685
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the chapter polyurethanes of practical use like poly(esterurethanes), poly(ether-urethanes), and poly(urethaneurea) are described. They belong to block copolymers in which chemically connected hard and soft blocks (segments) are present. Those macromolecules are characterized by the presence of polar urethane groups in the main backbone next to ester, ether, urea, and other groups. Cross-linked Pus are developed as advanced coatings or membranes, polymers with shape memory properties, materials resistant to biodegradation for medical application, or materials with non-elastic optical properties for electronics.

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics Book
Author : A. Pizzi,C.C. Ibeh
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-11-28
ISBN : 0128090634
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This chapter describes the main types of aminoplastic resins, such as urea-formaldehyde, melamine-formaldehyde, and melamine-urea-formaldehyde, their chemistry and their general principles of application: in adhesives, especially for wood, coatings , laminating, and moldings.

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics Book
Author : Günter Lorenz,Andreas Kandelbauer
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-11-28
ISBN : 0128090731
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Silicones are found in a variety of applications with requirements that range from long life at elevated temperatures to fluidity at low temperatures. This chapter first considers silicone elastomers and their application in room temperature vulcanizing (RTV) and heat curing systems (HTV). Also, new technologies for UV curing are introduced. Coverage of RTVs includes both one-component and two-component systems and the different cure chemistries of each, and is followed by a separate discussion of silicone laminates. Due to the high importance of silicone fluids, they are also discussed. Fluids include polishes, release agents, surfactants, and dielectric fluids.

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics Book
Author : A. Gandini,M.N. Belgacem
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-11-28
ISBN : 0128090642
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polymer networks derived from furan monomers are discussed, with particular emphasis on recent contributions. Resins based on furfural and furfuryl alcohol represent the most important family within this context, but other materials are becoming relevant, such as polyurethane foams, various photo-curable macromolecules bearing furan rings within the chain (or pendant to it), conjugated cross-linked poly(2-vinylfuran) as proton traps, and thermo-reversible networks prepared by Diels-Alder polycondensations involving furan and maleimide moieties.

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics 2nd Ed

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics  2nd Ed  Book
Author : Hanna Dodiuk,Sydney H Goodman
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1999-12-31
ISBN : 0815517777
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Once occupying a lesser, yet significant, role in the plastics' industry, thermoset plastics technology has increasingly become important to designers and users who work in specialty applications. Everything from toys to medical devices, and from automotive to sports and recreation products, are being manufactured using thermoset plastics. An increased understanding of thermoset plastics technology and processes has broadened their use exponentially over the last few years. In fact, the importance and contributions of unsaturated polyesters, urethanes, and epoxy thermosets have driven unprecedented sales and production figures that approach the definition of commodity materials. As a survey of the technology, the handbook provides the reader with the practical implications of crosslinking, as well as establishing relationships between time, temperature, and mass, often ignored in the general overviews allotted to thermoset plastics in other handbooks. The Handbook of Thermoset Plastics offers the most complete collection of general and technical details available for this important subject.

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics Book
Author : A. Pizzi,C.C. Ibeh
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-11-28
ISBN : 0128090618
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The chapter describes phenol-formaldehyde resins, their basic chemistry and technology, and the technology and areas of their applications.