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Handbook Of Tensile Properties Of Textile And Technical Fibres

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Handbook of Tensile Properties of Textile and Technical Fibres

Handbook of Tensile Properties of Textile and Technical Fibres Book
Author : A. R. Bunsell
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2009-10-19
ISBN : 1845696808
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fibres usually experience tensile loads whether they are used for apparel or technical structures. Their form, which is long and fine, makes them some of the strongest materials available as well as very flexible. This book provides a concise and authoritative overview of tensile behaviour of a wide range of both natural and synthetic fibres used both in textiles and high performance materials. After preliminary chapters that introduce the reader to tensile properties, failure and testing of fibres, the book is split into two parts. Part one examines tensile properties and failure of natural fibres, such as cotton, hemp, wool and silk. Part two discusses the tensile properties and failure of synthetic fibres ranging from polyamide, polyester and polyethylene fibres to carbon fibres. Many chapters also provide a general background to the fibre, including the manufacture, microstructure, factors that affect tensile properties as well as methods to improve tensile failure. With its distinguished editor and array of international contributors, Handbook of tensile properties of textile and technical fibres is an important reference for fibre scientists, textile technologists and engineers, as well as those in academia. Provides an overview of tensile behaviour of a wide range of both natural and synthetic fibres Examines tensile characterisitics, tensile failure of textiles fibres and factors that affect tensile properties Discusses mircostructures and each type of fibre from manufacture to finished product

Handbook of Properties of Textile and Technical Fibres

Handbook of Properties of Textile and Technical Fibres Book
Author : A. R. Bunsell
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing Limited
Release : 2018-01-04
ISBN : 9780081012727
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Properties of Textile and Technical Fibres, Second Edition introduces tensile properties and failure and testing of fibers, also examining tensile properties and the failure of natural fibers, such as cotton, hemp, flax, agave, wool and silk. Next, the book discusses the tensile properties and failure of synthetic fibers, ranging from polyamide, polyester, polyethylene and carbon fibers. Chapters provide a general background of the fiber, including its manufacture, microstructure, factors that affect tensile properties and methods to improve tensile failure. With its distinguished editor and international contributors, this book is an important reference for fiber scientists, textile technologists, engineers and academics. Offers up-to-date coverage of new and advanced materials for the fiber and textile industries Reviews structure-property relationships of high-performance natural, synthetic polymer and inorganic fibers Offers a range of perspectives on the tensile properties of fibers from an international team of authors with diverse expertise in academic research and in textile development and manufacture

Handbook of Properties of Textile and Technical Fibres

Handbook of Properties of Textile and Technical Fibres Book
Author : A. R. Bunsell
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2018-01-02
ISBN : 008101886X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Properties of Textile and Technical Fibres, Second Edition introduces tensile properties and failure and testing of fibers, also examining tensile properties and the failure of natural fibers, such as cotton, hemp, flax, agave, wool and silk. Next, the book discusses the tensile properties and failure of synthetic fibers, ranging from polyamide, polyester, polyethylene and carbon fibers. Chapters provide a general background of the fiber, including its manufacture, microstructure, factors that affect tensile properties and methods to improve tensile failure. With its distinguished editor and international contributors, this book is an important reference for fiber scientists, textile technologists, engineers and academics. Offers up-to-date coverage of new and advanced materials for the fiber and textile industries Reviews structure-property relationships of high-performance natural, synthetic polymer and inorganic fibers Offers a range of perspectives on the tensile properties of fibers from an international team of authors with diverse expertise in academic research and in textile development and manufacture

Composite Reinforcements for Optimum Performance

Composite Reinforcements for Optimum Performance Book
Author : Philippe Boisse
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-11-02
ISBN : 0128190116
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Composite Reinforcements for Optimum Performance, Second Edition, has been brought fully up to date with the latest developments in the field. It reviews the materials, properties and modelling techniques used in composite production and highlights their uses in optimizing performance. Part I covers materials for reinforcements in composites, including chapters on fibers, carbon nanotubes and ceramics as reinforcement materials. In Part II, different types of structures for reinforcements are discussed, with chapters covering woven and braided reinforcements, three-dimensional fibre structures and two methods of modelling the geometry of textile reinforcements: WiseTex and TexGen. Part III focuses on the properties of composite reinforcements, with chapters on topics such as in-plane shear properties, transverse compression, bending and permeability properties. Finally, Part IV covers the characterization and modelling of reinforcements in composites, with chapters focusing on microscopic and mesoscopic approaches, X-ray tomography analysis and modelling reinforcement forming processes. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Composite Reinforcements for Optimum Performance, Second Edition, is an essential reference for designers and engineers working in the composite and composite reinforcement manufacturing industry, as well as all those with an academic research interest in the subject. Discusses the characterization and modeling of reinforcements in composites, focusing on such topics as microscopic and mesoscopic approaches, X-ray tomography analysis, and modeling reinforcement forming processes Provides comprehensive coverage of the types and properties of reinforcement in composites, along with their production and performance optimization Includes sections on NCF (non-crimp fabrics), natural fiber reinforcements, tufting composite reinforcements, sustainability, multiscale modeling, knitted reinforcements, and more

Characterization of Polymers and Fibers

Characterization of Polymers and Fibers Book
Author : Mukesh Kumar Singh,Annika Singh
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2021-09-19
ISBN : 0128242396
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Characterization of Polymers and Fibres addresses an integral part of fiber and polymer manufacturing processes that is crucial in helping manufacturers ensure that final products achieve intended specifications. The characterization of fiber and polymers is needed for attributes including molecular weight, morphology, dyeing behavior, tensile, optical and thermal behavior. This book covers a wide range of characterization techniques, including thermal, X-ray diffraction, solubility, tensile, optical, hygroscopic and particle size distribution. Introductions and definitions are provided where beneficial to make topics accessible to a broad range of readers in both academia and industry. Addressing advances from the fields of bioscience, polymer science, material science, and textile science, this book is wide in scope, drawing on the latest research to provide details of characterization techniques and equipment. Provides a thorough description of the material quality control process, including the latest industry practice Presents material characterization at all levels, from the atomic level to surface structure Covers technical advice on natural fiber characterization methods, including XRD, XPS, TGA, SEM, TEM, AFM, Contact angle, Particle size analysis, FTIR, and NMR

Handbook of Technical Textiles

Handbook of Technical Textiles Book
Author : A. Richard Horrocks,Subhash C. Anand
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-03-09
ISBN : 1782424881
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first edition of Handbook of Technical Textiles has been an essential purchase for professionals and researchers in this area since its publication in 2000. With revised and updated coverage, including several new chapters, this revised two volume second edition reviews recent developments and new technologies across the field of technical textiles. Volume 2 – Technical Textile Applications offers an indispensable guide to established and developing areas in the use of technical textiles. The areas covered include textiles for personal protection and welfare, such as those designed for ballistic protection, personal thermal and fire protection, and medical applications; textiles for industrial, transport and engineering applications, including composite reinforcement and filtration; and the growing area of smart textiles. Comprehensive handbook for all aspects of technical textiles Provides updated, detailed coverage of processes, fabric structure, and applications Ideal resource for those interested in high-performance textiles, textile processes, textile processing, and textile applications Many of the original, recognized experts from the first edition update their respective chapters

Recent Developments in Plastic Recycling

Recent Developments in Plastic Recycling Book
Author : Jyotishkumar Parameswaranpillai,Sanjay Mavinkere Rangappa,Arpitha Gulihonnehalli Rajkumar,Suchart Siengchin
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-10-01
ISBN : 9811636273
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a systematic and comprehensive account of the recent developments in the recycling of plastic waste material. It presents state-of-the-art procedures for recycling of plastics from different sources and various characterization methods adopted in analyzing their properties. In addition, it looks into properties, processing, and applications of recycled plastic products as one of the drivers for sustainable recycling plastics especially in developing countries. This book proves a useful reference source for both engineers and researchers working in composite materials science as well as the students attending materials science, physics, chemistry, and engineering courses.

Finite Element Modeling of Textiles in AbaqusTM CAE

Finite Element Modeling of Textiles in AbaqusTM CAE Book
Author : Izabela Ciesielska-Wrobel
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-07-26
ISBN : 0429531605
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The aim of the book is to provide engineers with a practical guide to Finite Element Modelling (FEM) in Abaqus CAE software. The guide is in the form of step-by-step procedures concerning yarns, woven fabric and knitted fabrics modelling, as well as their contact with skin so that the simulation of haptic perception between textiles and skin can be

Handbook of Textile and Industrial Dyeing

Handbook of Textile and Industrial Dyeing Book
Author : M Clark
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-10-25
ISBN : 0857094912
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Dyeing is one of the most effective and popular methods used for colouring textiles and other materials. Dyes are employed in a variety of industries, from cosmetic production to the medical sector. The two volumes of the Handbook of textile and industrial dyeing provide a detailed review of the latest techniques and equipment used in the dyeing industry, as well as examining dyes and their application in a number of different industrial sectors. Volume 2 deals with major applications of dyes and is divided into two parts. Part one covers textile applications, with chapters dealing with the dyeing of wool, synthetic and cellulosic fibres, and textile fibre blends. In part two, industrial applications of dyes are examined, with topics including dyes used in food and in the cosmetics industry. With its distinguished editor and contributions from some of the world’s leading authorities, the Handbook of textile and industrial dyeing is an essential reference for designers, colour technologists and product developers working in a variety of sectors, and will also be suitable for academic use. Provides a detailed review of the latest techniques and equipment used in the dyeing industry Industrial applications of dyes are examined, with topics including dyes used in food and in the cosmetics industry Is appropriate for a variety of different readers including designers, colour technologists, product developers and those in academia

Handbook of Medical Textiles

Handbook of Medical Textiles Book
Author : V Bartels
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-08-19
ISBN : 085709369X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With a rising population and the increasing range of textiles for medical products, the need to understand and improve medical textiles is gaining in importance. The Handbook of medical textiles provides an overview of the different types of medical textiles currently available as well as specific information on more specialised topics and applications. In part one, the types and properties of medical textiles are discussed, with chapters covering topics including reusable textiles, textiles for implants and textiles with cosmetic effects. Part two focuses on the interaction of textiles with the skin, examining key issues such as contact sensations, allergies and mechanical irritation. Chapters in part three provide information on the latest developments in textiles for hygiene and infection control, while part four provides a range of applications and case studies, including improvements in medical occupational clothing, medical filters and superabsorbent fibres. With its expert editor and contributions from some of the world’s leading authorities, the Handbook of medical textiles is a standard reference for designers and manufacturers of medical textile products, as well as for biomaterials scientists and medical professionals. Explores the different types of medical textiles currently available as well as specific information on more specialised areas and applications Chapters cover topics such as reusable textiles, textiles for implants and interaction of textiles with the skin Is a standard reference for designers and manufacturers of medical textile products, as well as for biomaterials scientists and medical professionals

Physico chemical Aspects of Textile Coloration

Physico chemical Aspects of Textile Coloration Book
Author : Stephen M. Burkinshaw
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-12-24
ISBN : 1118725581
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The production of textile materials comprises a very large and complex global industry that utilises a diverse range of fibre types and creates a variety of textile products. As the great majority of such products are coloured, predominantly using aqueous dyeing processes, the coloration of textiles is a large-scale global business in which complex procedures are used to apply different types of dye to the various types of textile material. The development of such dyeing processes is the result of substantial research activity, undertaken over many decades, into the physico-chemical aspects of dye adsorption and the establishment of ‘dyeing theory’, which seeks to describe the mechanism by which dyes interact with textile fibres. Physico-Chemical Aspects of Textile Coloration provides a comprehensive treatment of the physical chemistry involved in the dyeing of the major types of natural, man-made and synthetic fibres with the principal types of dye. The book covers: fundamental aspects of the physical and chemical structure of both fibres and dyes, together with the structure and properties of water, in relation to dyeing; dyeing as an area of study as well as the terminology employed in dyeing technology and science; contemporary views of intermolecular forces and the nature of the interactions that can occur between dyes and fibres at a molecular level; fundamental principles involved in dyeing theory, as represented by the thermodynamics and kinetics of dye sorption; detailed accounts of the mechanism of dyeing that applies to cotton (and other cellulosic fibres), polyester, polyamide, wool, polyacrylonitrile and silk fibres; non-aqueous dyeing, as represented by the use of air, organic solvents and supercritical CO2 fluid as alternatives to water as application medium. The up-to-date text is supported by a large number of tables, figures and illustrations as well as footnotes and widespread use of references to published work. The book is essential reading for students, teachers, researchers and professionals involved in textile coloration.

Sustainability in the Textile and Apparel Industries

Sustainability in the Textile and Apparel Industries Book
Author : Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu,Miguel Angel Gardetti
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-03-16
ISBN : 3030385418
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is part of a five-volume set that explores sustainability in textile industry practices globally. Case studies are provided that cover the theoretical and practical implications of sustainable textile issues, including environmental footprints of textile manufacturing, consumer behavior, eco-design in clothing and apparels, supply chain sustainability, the chemistry of textile manufacturing, waste management and textile economics. The set will be of interest to researchers, engineers, industrialists, R&D managers and students working in textile chemistry, economics, materials science, and sustainable consumption and production. This volume comprehensively covers the various sustainable natural materials used in textiles that originate from raw materials sourcing. The book discusses agricultural production systems and standards for the development of sustainable textile fibers, the effects of chemical surface modification methods on the properties of textile fibers, and how antibacterial and antifungal textiles can be manufactured using natural resources.

Lightweight Ballistic Composites

Lightweight Ballistic Composites Book
Author : Ashok Bhatnagar
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-04-19
ISBN : 0081004257
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Lightweight Ballistic Composites: Military and Law-Enforcement Applications, Second Edition, is a fully revised and updated version of this informative book that explores the many changes in composite materials technology that have occurred since the book's first release in 2008, especially the type of commercial products used by armed forces around the world. Some changes can be attributed to the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, whereas others are due to massive investment by private companies to neutralize the ever-increasing global threats and fulfill the military's appetite for lighter materials. Soldiers are now better protected against new ballistic threats and the overall weight of body protection has been reduced, while comfort has increased. New military vehicles are no longer purely armored with steel, and are instead lined with lightweight ballistic materials that increase the distance military vehicles can travel without refueling and also improve maneuverability. The book considers all aspects of lightweight ballistic composites from fiber manufacturing to commercial products and testing. Chapters also cover the many uses of lightweight ballistic composites in the military and law-enforcement industries. It will be an invaluable reference for ballistic composite design engineers, product development engineers, and all those involved in promoting new products for both defense and the law-enforcement industry. Gives comprehensive coverage on all aspects of lightweight ballistic composites, from fiber manufacturing, to commercial products and testing Discusses the wider applications of lightweight ballistic composites in military and law-enforcement industries Edited by a highly respected industry expert with over thirty years’ experience developing lightweight composite ballistic materials and products

Advances in Technical Nonwovens

Advances in Technical Nonwovens Book
Author : George Kellie
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-05-17
ISBN : 0081005849
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Technical Nonwovens presents the latest information on the nonwovens industry, a dynamic and fast-growing industry with recent technological innovations that are leading to the development of novel end-use applications. The book reviews key developments in technical nonwoven manufacturing, specialist materials, and applications, with Part One covering important developments in materials and manufacturing technologies, including chapters devoted to fibers for technical nonwovens, the use of green recycled and biopolymer materials, and the application of nanofibres. The testing of nonwoven properties and the specialist area of composite nonwovens are also reviewed, with Part Two offering a detailed and wide-ranging overview of the many applications of technical nonwovens that includes chapters on automotive textiles, filtration, energy applications, geo- and agrotextiles, construction, furnishing, packaging and medical and hygiene products. Provides systematic coverage of trends, developments, and new technology in the field of technical nonwovens Focuses on the needs of the nonwovens industry with a clear emphasis on applied technology Contains contributions from an international team of authors edited by an expert in the field Offers a detailed and wide-ranging overview of the many applications of technical nonwovens that includes chapters on automotive textiles, filtration, energy applications, geo- and agrotextiles, and more

Handbook of Industrial Polyethylene and Technology

Handbook of Industrial Polyethylene and Technology Book
Author : Mark A. Spalding,Ananda Chatterjee
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-10-26
ISBN : 1119159776
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This handbook provides an exhaustive description of polyethylene. The 50+ chapters are written by some of the most experienced and prominent authors in the field, providing a truly unique view of polyethylene. The book starts with a historical discussion on how low density polyethylene was discovered and how it provided unique opportunities in the early days. New catalysts are presented and show how they created an expansion in available products including linear low density polyethylene, high density polyethylene, copolymers, and polyethylene produced from metallocene catalysts. With these different catalysts systems a wide range of structures are possible with an equally wide range of physical properties. Numerous types of additives are presented that include additives for the protection of the resin from the environment and processing, fillers, processing aids, anti-fogging agents, pigments, and flame retardants. Common processing methods including extrusion, blown film, cast film, injection molding, and thermoforming are presented along with some of the more specialized processing techniques such as rotational molding, fiber processing, pipe extrusion, reactive extrusion, wire and cable, and foaming processes. The business of polyethylene including markets, world capacity, and future prospects are detailed. This handbook provides the most current and complete technology assessments and business practices for polyethylene resins.

Textiles and Fashion

Textiles and Fashion Book
Author : Rose Sinclair
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-11-08
ISBN : 0857095617
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This major textbook is designed for students studying textiles and fashion at higher and undergraduate level, as well as those needing a comprehensive and authoritative overview of textile materials and processes. The first part of the book reviews the main types of natural and synthetic fibres and their properties. Part two provides a systematic review of the key processes involved first in converting fibres into yarns and then transforming yarns into fabrics. Part three discusses the range of range of finishing techniques for fabrics. The final part of the book looks specifically at the transformation of fabric into apparel, from design and manufacture to marketing. With contributions from leading experts in their fields, this major book provides the definitive one-volume guide to textile manufacture. Provides comprehensive coverage of the types and properties of textile fibres to yarn and fabric manufacture, fabric finishing, apparel production and fashion Focused on the needs of college and undergraduate students studying textiles or fashion courses Each chapter ends with a summary to emphasise key points, a comprehensive self-review section, and project ideas are also provided

Textile Design

Textile Design Book
Author : Michael Hann
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-10-20
ISBN : 1000214060
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book includes fundamentals of textile processing technology with explanation of craft techniques, various stages of processing fibres and yarns with useful, readily understandable, line drawings. Fibrous types, dyes, yarns and cloths have been explained and material is supported by glossary and explanation of processing stages from fibre to finished cloth. Further, the considerations of relevance to the development and preparation of a design collection are outlined and discussed. Various testing procedures, including fibre, yarn and cloth identification methods, and important innovations in textile products and processing are identified and explained as well. Focused mainly on the needs of students specializing in textile or fashion design, at first year undergraduate university level, this book: Covers all stages from fibre to finished cloth. Discusses various stages of processing fibres and yarns. Explains fibrous types, dyes, yarns and cloths supported by relevant glossary. Presents explanations of both tactile and aesthetic aspects of textiles used in clothing.

Advances in the Dyeing and Finishing of Technical Textiles

Advances in the Dyeing and Finishing of Technical Textiles Book
Author : M. L. Gulrajani
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-02-08
ISBN : 085709761X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The use of distinctive colourants and finishes has a significant impact on the aesthetic appeal and functionality of technical textiles. Advances in the textile chemical industry facilitate production of diverse desirable properties, and are therefore of great interest in the production of textile products with enhanced performance characteristics. Drawing on key research, Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles details important advances in this field and outlines their development for a range of applications. Part one reviews advances in dyes and colourants, including chromic materials, optical effect pigments and microencapsulated colourants for technical textile applications. Other types of functional dyes considered include UV- absorbent, anti-microbial and water-repellent dyes. Regulations relating to the use of textile dyes are discussed before part two goes on to investigate such advances in finishing techniques as mechanical finishing, softening treatments and the use of enzymes. Surfactants, Inkjet printing of technical textiles and functional finishes to improve the comfort and protection of apparel are also explored. The use of nanotechnology in producing hydrophobic, super-hydrophobic and antimicrobial finishes is dealt with alongside coating and lamination techniques, before the book concludes with a discussion of speciality polymers for the finishing of technical textiles. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles is a comprehensive guide for all those involved in the development, production and application of technical textiles, including textile chemists, colour technologists, colour quality inspectors, product developers and textile finishers. Discusses important advances in the textile chemical industry Considers developments in various dyes and colourants used in the industry, including water repellent, functional and anti-microbial dyes Chapters also examine advances in finishing techniques, the use of nanotechnology and speciality polymers in technical textiles

High Performance and Specialty Fibers

High Performance and Specialty Fibers Book
Author : Japan The Society of Fiber Science and Techno
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-08-16
ISBN : 4431552030
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book reviews the key technologies and characteristics of the modern man-made specialty fibers mainly developed in Japan. Since the production of many low-cost man-made fibers shifted to China and other Asian countries, Japanese companies have focused on production of high-quality, high-performance super fibers as well as highly functionalized fibers so-called ‘Shin-gosen’. ZylonTM and DyneemaTM manufactured by Toyobo, TechnoraTM produced by Teijin, and VectranTM developed by Kuraray are those examples of super fibers. Carbon fibers ToraycaTM from Toray have occupied the most advanced high-performance application area. Various types of polyester fibers having design-shaped cross-sections and special fiber morphologies and those showing specific physico-chemical properties have also been developed to acquire a high-value textile market of the world. This book describes how these high-tech fibers have been developed and what aspects are the most important in each fiber based on its structure-property relationship. Famous specialists both in industry and academia are responsible for the contents, explaining the design concepts and the special technologies for the production of these special fibers. For university teachers and students, this volume is an excellent textbook that elucidates the basic concepts of modern fibers. At the same time, researchers, both in academia and industry, will find a comprehensive overview of recent man-made fibers. This publication, presenting the most easily understandable general survey of specialty man-made fibers to date, is dedicated to the 70th-anniversary of the Society of Fiber Science and Technology, Japan.

Applications of Nonwovens in Technical Textiles

Applications of Nonwovens in Technical Textiles Book
Author : R Chapman
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-06-15
ISBN : 1845699742
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nonwovens have been one of the fastest growing and most exciting sectors of the textiles market. Such fabrics have a broad spectrum of end uses, ranging from medical products to interior textiles. This book focuses on the variety of technical nonwoven applications available. Opening chapters in part one briefly discuss the fundamental principles of nonwoven fabrics, topics such as the formation of nonwovens and the influence of fibre and fabric properties on nonwoven performance are covered. Part two provides valuable examples of how nonwoven materials can be used in a variety of textile products for apparel, filtration and personal hygiene. With a collection of international contributors, this book is an important reference for professionals involved in the production, technology and use of nonwoven materials, extending from industries such as the medical textile industry to the apparel sector. It will also be suitable for researchers in academia with an interest in nonwoven fabrics. Focuses on the variety of technical nonwoven applications available and provides a comprehensive overview of current developments and likely future trends Reviews the formulation of various types of nonwovens and examines the influence of fibre and fabric properties on nonwoven performance Provides a broad overview of nonwoven applications in a variety of different areas from apparel to automotive interiors