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Handbook Of Solvents

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Handbook of Solvents

Handbook of Solvents Book
Author : George Wypych
Publisher : ChemTec Publishing
Release : 2001
ISBN : 1895198240
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive, extensive textual analysis of the principles of solvent selection and use, the handbook is intended to help formulators select ideal solvents, safety coordinators to protect workers, and legislators and inspectors to define and implement technically correct public safeguards for use, handling, and disposal.

Handbook of Solvents Volume 2

Handbook of Solvents  Volume 2 Book
Author : George Wypych
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-02-21
ISBN : 1927885426
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Solvents, Volume Two: Use, Health, and Environment, Third Edition, contains the most comprehensive information ever published on solvents and an extensive analysis of the principles of solvent selection and use. The book is intended to help formulators select ideal solvents, safety coordinators protect workers, and legislators and inspectors define and implement public safeguards on solvent usage, handling and disposal. The book begins with a discussion of solvent use in over 30 industries, which are the main consumers of solvents. The analysis is conducted based on available data and contains information on the types of solvents used and potential problems and solutions. In addition, the possibilities for solvent substitution are also discussed, with an emphasis on supercritical solvents, ionic liquids, ionic melts, and agriculture-based products. Assists in solvent selection by providing key information and insight on environmental and safety issues Provides essential best practice guidance for human health considerations Discusses the latest advances and trends in solvent technology, including modern methods of cleaning contaminated soils, selection of gloves, suits and respirators

Handbook of Organic Solvent Properties

Handbook of Organic Solvent Properties Book
Author : Ian Smallwood
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0080523781
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The properties of 72 of the most commonly used solvents are given, tabulated in the most convenient way, making this book a joy for industrial chemists to use as a desk reference. The properties covered are those which answer the basic questions of: Will it do the job? Will it harm the user? Will it pollute the air? Is it easy to handle? Will it pollute the water? Can it be recovered or incinerated? These are all factors that need to be considered at the early stages of choosing a solvent for a new product or process. A collection of the physical properties of most commonly used solvents, their behaviour in the environment and their health and fire hazardsA collection of the physical properties of most commonly used solvents, their behaviour in the environment and their health and fire hazards

Handbook of Solvents Volume 1

Handbook of Solvents  Volume 1 Book
Author : George Wypych
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-02-21
ISBN : 192788540X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Solvents are used in nearly all industries, from cosmetics to semiconductors, and from biotechnology research to iron and steel production. This book is a comprehensive and extensive textual analysis of the principles of solvent selection and use. It is a balanced presentation of solvent performance, processing characteristics, and environment and health issues. The book is intended to help formulators select ideal solvents, safety coordinators to protect workers, legislators and inspectors to define and implement technically correct public safeguards on solvent use, handling, and disposal. The third edition contains the most recent findings and trends in the solvent application. This volume, together with Vol. 2: Use, Health & Environment, Databook of Green Solvents, and Databook of Solvents, contains the most comprehensive, and up to date information ever published on solvents. Each chapter in this volume is focused on a specific aspect of solvent properties which determine its selection, such as effect on properties of solutes and solutions, properties of different groups of solvents and the summary of their applications' effect on health and environment (given in tabulated form), swelling of solids in solvents, solvent diffusion and drying processes, nature of interaction of solvent and solute in solutions, acid-base interactions, effect of solvents on spectral and other electronic properties of solutions, effect of solvents on rheology of solution, aggregation of solutes, permeability, molecular structure, crystallinity, configuration, and conformation of dissolved high molecular weight compounds, methods of application of solvent mixtures to enhance the range of their applicability, and effect of solvents on chemical reactions and reactivity of dissolved substances. Provides key insights that will help engineers and scientists select the best solvent for the job Includes practical information and ideas on how to improve existing processes involving solvents Brings together a selection of authors who are specialists in their areas Presents the latest advances in solvent technology and their applications

Industrial Solvents Handbook Revised And Expanded

Industrial Solvents Handbook  Revised And Expanded Book
Author : Nicholas P. Cheremisinoff
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2003-04-15
ISBN : 0824748484
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Keeping pace with current trends in solvent production, this volume builds upon its previous edition with broader coverage of safe handling practices, health effects, physical properties, and chemical synthesis routes to some of the most important organic solvents used in the chemical and allied process industries. This handy reference features a glossary of solvent terminology and an easy-to-reference index of synonyms for chemicals and solvents. The Second Edition features new and updated chapters on the major classes of organic solvents, descriptions for general use, and the chemical formulation, thermodynamic properties, health and toxicity, and combustible characteristics of solvents.

Databook of Green Solvents

Databook of Green Solvents Book
Author : Anna Wypych,George Wypych
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-02-15
ISBN : 1927885442
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Databook of Green Solvents, Second Edition, includes data and information that is divided into five separate sections: General, Physical, Health, Environmental and Use. Readers interested in this subject should note that two other volumes on all essential areas of solvent usage have also been published. They include Handbook of Solvents. Volume One, Properties and Handbook of Solvents, Volume Two: Use, Health, and Environment. Together, these books provide the most comprehensive information on the subject matter. The books are the authoritative sources of knowledge, with information updated from the most recent literature and developments occurring in the field of solvents. Contains more than 300 green solvents, from biodegradable and biorenewable, to siloxanes and perfluorocarbons Provides practical information for use in the lab and in the field, including recommended processing methods, recommended dosages and potential substitutes Provides critical health, safety and environmental data to help production chemists and engineers select the correct solvent Emphasis is placed on safer, more efficient replacements of more toxic solvents

Handbook of Solubility Data for Pharmaceuticals

Handbook of Solubility Data for Pharmaceuticals Book
Author : Abolghasem Jouyban
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2009-08-26
ISBN : 9781439804889
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Aqueous solubility is one of the major challenges in the early stages of drug discovery. One of the most common and effective methods for enhancing solubility is the addition of an organic solvent to the aqueous solution. Along with an introduction to cosolvency models, the Handbook of Solubility Data for Pharmaceuticals provides an extensive database of solubility for pharmaceuticals in mono solvents and binary solvents. Aqueous solubility data can be found in the Handbook of Aqueous Solubility Data by Samuel Yalkowsky and Yan He. Visit www.crcpress.com for more information. In addition to the experimental efforts to measure the solubility of drugs in mono and mixed solvents, this book discusses the advantages and limitations of a number of mathematical models used to predict the solubility in mono or mixed solvent systems. It covers the pharmaceutical cosolvents and other organic solvents that are used in syntheses, separations, and other pharmaceutical processes. The solutes featured include the available data for official drugs, drug candidates, precursors of drugs, metabolites, and degradation products of pharmaceuticals. The author also presents the solubilities of amino acids since they play an important role in peptide drug properties. Collecting drug solubilities in various cosolvents, this time-saving handbook includes the mixtures and model constants needed to predict undetermined solubilities. It describes mathematical models that enable data to be derived and provides estimates on how drugs are likely to behave in a given cosolvent. A software program and associated user manual are available on the author’s website.

Properties of Organic Solvents

Properties of Organic Solvents Book
Author : David R. Lide
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1996-09-13
ISBN : 9780849304064
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Use this database to instantly locate the compound you need! This electronic database covers 564 of the most common solvents used in industry, academic research, and general commerce. These organic solvents find applications as carriers for paints, medications, cleaning agents, and a host of other active ingredients. Health hazards and safety guidelines are covered, including the limiting values for airborne exposure, carcinogenicity status, flammability, and various official hazard ratings. With this flexible and powerful electronic reference, the user can easily and quickly select a solvent that meets his or her criteria for a particular application. For example, the user can specify desired physical properties and required safety levels and get back a list of solvents that conform to all the requirements. Searches ranging from the very simple (one or two specifications) to the very complex (a large combination of requirements that must be met) are easily performed with this database. System requirements: IBM 486 or higher compatible computer with 40MB hard disk (12MB free capacity), 4MB RAM, VGA Monitor (color), MS DOS 3.3 or higher, WindowsTM 3.1 or higher or Windows 95, external or internal CD-ROM drive. (Will normally run to a lower performance standard on IBM 386 and/or less hard disk and RAM capacity than those stated above)

Solvent Recovery Handbook

Solvent Recovery Handbook Book
Author : Ian McN. Smallwood
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2002
ISBN : 9780849316029
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The pressure is on to cut plant emissions while still maintaining a cost-effective operation. Choosing the best solvent, being aware of potential problems, and the recovery of solvents has never been so important. Traditionally, solvents had been chosen on the basis of whether they can do the job effectively and economically. However, with regulations on exposure to solvent vapors becoming more stringent, selecting the solvent that meets regulatory, efficiency, and economical criteria as early as possible in the process has become paramount. Solvent Recovery Handbook, Second Edition sets out the physical properties of the fifty most commonly used solvents. The book supplies information on their behavior during and after use, health and fire hazards, the photochemical ozone creation potential (POCP), and recovery processes including practical aspects of the design and operation of batch stills. It delivers state-of-the art coverage of every available recovery and disposal technology - including removing solvents from gas, water, and residues, separating used solvents, and drying solvents. What's more, you'll find fact-filled sections on the latest equipment, safe effective operating procedures, choosing solvents with recovery in mind, and much more. Updated and expanded, Ian Smallwood's Solvent Recovery Handbook, Second Edition hands you all the practical tools you need to efficiently and cost-effectively process harmful organic solvents after re-capture.

Hansen Solubility Parameters

Hansen Solubility Parameters Book
Author : Charles M. Hansen
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2007-06-15
ISBN : 9781420006834
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hansen solubility parameters (HSPs) are used to predict molecular affinities, solubility, and solubility-related phenomena. Revised and updated throughout, Hansen Solubility Parameters: A User's Handbook, Second Edition features the three Hansen solubility parameters for over 1200 chemicals and correlations for over 400 materials including polymers, inorganic salts, and biological materials. To update his groundbreaking handbook with the latest advances and perspectives, Charles M. Hansen has invited five renowned experts to share their work, theories, and practical applications involving HSPs. New discussions include a new statistical thermodynamics approach for confirming existing HSPs and how they fit into other thermodynamic theories for polymer solutions. Entirely new chapters examine the prediction of environmental stress cracking as well as absorption and diffusion in polymers. Highlighting recent findings on interactions with DNA, the treatment of biological materials also includes skin tissue, proteins, natural fibers, and cholesterol. The book also covers the latest applications of HSPs, such as ozone-safe “designer” solvents, protective clothing, drug delivery systems, and petroleum applications. Presenting a comprehensive survey of the theoretical and practical aspects of HSPs, Hansen Solubility Parameters, Second Edition concludes with a detailed discussion on the necessary research, future directions, and potential applications for which HSPs can provide a useful means of prediction in areas such as biological materials, controlled release applications, nanotechnology, and self-assembly.

Handbook of Solvent Extraction

Handbook of Solvent Extraction Book
Author : Teh C. Lo,Malcolm H. I. Baird,Carl Hanson
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1991-01-01
ISBN : 9780894645464
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Handbook of Solvent Extraction book written by Teh C. Lo,Malcolm H. I. Baird,Carl Hanson, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Solvents and Solvent Effects in Organic Chemistry

Solvents and Solvent Effects in Organic Chemistry Book
Author : Christian Reichardt
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2006-03-06
ISBN : 3527605673
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In most cases, every chemist must deal with solvent effects, whether voluntarily or otherwise. Since its publication, this has been the standard reference on all topics related to solvents and solvent effects in organic chemistry. Christian Reichardt provides reliable information on the subject, allowing chemists to understand and effectively use these phenomena. 3rd updated and enlarged edition of a classic 35% more contents excellent, proven concept includes current developments, such as ionic liquids indispensable in research and industry From the reviews of the second edition: "...This is an immensely useful book, and the source that I would turn to first when seeking virtually any information about solvent effects." —Organometallics

Solvent Systems and Their Selection in Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics

Solvent Systems and Their Selection in Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics Book
Author : Patrick Augustijns,Marcus Brewster
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-08-06
ISBN : 0387691545
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Solvent systems are integral to drug development and pharmaceutical technology. This single topic encompasses numerous allied subjects running the gamut from recrystallization solvents to biorelevant media. The goal of this contribution to the AAPS Biotechnology: Pharmaceutical Aspects series is to generate both a practical handbook as well as a reference allowing the reader to make effective decisions concerning the use of solvents and solvent systems. To this end, the monograph was created by inviting recognized experts from a number of fields to author relevant sections. Specifically, 15 chapters have been designed covering the theoretical background of solubility, the effect of ionic equilibria and pH on solubilization, the use of solvents to effect drug substance crystallization and polymorph selection, the use of solvent systems in high throughput screening and early discovery, solvent use in preformulation, the use of solvents in bio-relevant dissolution and permeation experiments, solvents and their use as toxicology vehicles, solubilizing media and excipients in oral and parenteral formulation development, specialized vehicles for protein formulation and solvent systems for topical and pulmonary drug administration. The chapters are organized such that useful decision trees are included together with the scientific underpinning for their application. In addition, trends in the use of solvent systems and a balance of current views make this monograph useful to both the novice and experienced researcher and to scientists at all developmental stages from early discovery to late pharmaceutical operations.

Handbook of Synthetic Organic Chemistry

Handbook of Synthetic Organic Chemistry Book
Author : Michael C. Pirrung
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-08-30
ISBN : 0128095040
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Synthetic Organic Chemistry, Second Edition updates and expands the author’s popular 2007 work, Synthetic Organic Chemist’s Companion. This new handbook provides valuable, practical guidance; incorporates corrections, and includes coverage on important topics, such as lyophylization, crystallization, precipitation, HPLC detectors, gases, and microwave reactions. The book maintains the useful organization of the author’s earlier work, beginning with a basic overview and walking through every practical step of the process of organic synthesis, from reagents, solvents, and temperature control, to documentation, implementation, purification, and analytical methods for the product. From planning and setting up reactions, to recording them, the book provides insight and valuable guidance into every step of the process. Practical guidance for planning, working up, documenting, analyzing, and improving reactions in synthetic organic chemistry

CRC Handbook of Enthalpy Data of Polymer Solvent Systems

CRC Handbook of Enthalpy Data of Polymer Solvent Systems Book
Author : Christian Wohlfarth
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2006-02-21
ISBN : 142000929X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The CRC Handbook of Enthalpy Data of Polymer-Solvent Systems presents data that is as essential to the production, process design, and use of polymers as it is to understanding the physical behavior and intermolecular interactions in polymer solutions and in developing thermodynamic polymer models. Providing an all-encompassing collection

Cleaning with Solvents Science and Technology

Cleaning with Solvents  Science and Technology Book
Author : John Durkee
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2013-11-29
ISBN : 1455731617
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

High-precision cleaning is required across a wide range of sectors, including aerospace, defense, medical device manufacturing, pharmaceutical processing, semiconductor/electronics, etc. Cleaning parts and surfaces with solvents is simple, effective and low-cost. Although health and safety and environmental concerns come into play with the use of solvents, this book explores how safe and compliant solvent-based cleaning techniques can be implemented. A key to this is the selection of the right solvent. The author also examines a range of newer "green" solvent cleaning options. This book supplies scientific fundamentals and practical guidance supported by real-world examples. Durkee explains the three principal methods of solvent selection: matching of solubility parameters, reduction of potential for smog formation, and matching of physical properties. He also provides guidance on the safe use of aerosols, wipe-cleaning techniques, solvent stabilization, economics, and many other topics. A compendium of blend rules is included, covering the physical, chemical, and environmental properties of solvents. Three methods explained in detail for substitution of suitable solvents for those unsuitable for any reason: toxic solvents don't have to be tolerated; this volume explains how to do better Enables users to make informed judgments about their selection of cleaning solvents for specific applications, including solvent replacement decisions Explains how to plan and implement solvent cleaning systems that are effective, economical and compliant with regulations

Handbook of Solvents

Handbook of Solvents Book
Author : Michael Ash
Publisher : Synapse Information Resources Incorporated
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This handbook will be of special interest to: Solvent Formulators/Manufacturers ? Industrial and Environmental ChemistsIndustrial Hygienists ? Safety Regulators ? Purchasing AgentsThis reference serves as an integrated reference tool for decision making in formulation, purchasing, and the understanding of safety issues by providing current and in-depth information on solvent products. It comprehensively describes more than 3000 trade name products and chemicals that are used as solvents in all aspects of industry including:Industrial and Consumer Cleaning/Degreasing ? Automotive and Aviation Fuel Additives, Electronics ? Printing Inks ? Paints and Coatings ? Plastics and Rubber productsAdhesives ? Textiles ? Pharmaceuticals ? Cosmetics ? Food Processing.This practical resource provides a single source for professionals involved in solvent acquisition and use.

Handbook of Electrochemistry

Handbook of Electrochemistry Book
Author : Cynthia G. Zoski
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2007-02-07
ISBN : 0444519580
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Electrochemistry plays a key role in a broad range of research and applied areas including the exploration of new inorganic and organic compounds, biochemical and biological systems, corrosion, energy applications involving fuel cells and solar cells, and nanoscale investigations. The Handbook of Electrochemistry serves as a source of electrochemical information, providing details of experimental considerations, representative calculations, and illustrations of the possibilities available in electrochemical experimentation. The book is divided into five parts: Fundamentals, Laboratory Practical, Techniques, Applications, and Data. The first section covers the fundamentals of electrochemistry which are essential for everyone working in the field, presenting an overview of electrochemical conventions, terminology, fundamental equations, and electrochemical cells, experiments, literature, textbooks, and specialized books. Part 2 focuses on the different laboratory aspects of electrochemistry which is followed by a review of the various electrochemical techniques ranging from classical experiments to scanning electrochemical microscopy, electrogenerated chemiluminesence and spectroelectrochemistry. Applications of electrochemistry include electrode kinetic determinations, unique aspects of metal deposition, and electrochemistry in small places and at novel interfaces and these are detailed in Part 4. The remaining three chapters provide useful electrochemical data and information involving electrode potentials, diffusion coefficients, and methods used in measuring liquid junction potentials. * serves as a source of electrochemical information * includes useful electrochemical data and information involving electrode potentials, diffusion coefficients, and methods used in measuring liquid junction potentials * reviews electrochemical techniques (incl. scanning electrochemical microscopy, electrogenerated chemiluminesence and spectroelectrochemistry)

Fluorinated Coatings and Finishes Handbook

Fluorinated Coatings and Finishes Handbook Book
Author : Laurence W. McKeen
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2015-10-11
ISBN : 0323374670
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fluorinated Coatings and Finishes Handbook: The Definitive User's Guide, Second Edition, addresses important, frequently posed questions by end-user design engineers, coaters, and coatings suppliers on fluorinated coatings and finishes, thus enabling them to achieve superior product qualities and shorter product and process development times. The book provides broad coverage of these fluorinated polymer coatings, including the best known PTFE, polytetrafluoroethylene, first trademarked as Teflon® and ePTFE (GoreTex®). Their inherent qualities of low surface tension, non-stick, low friction, high melting point, and chemical inertness make fluoropolymer coatings widely desirable across thousands of industrial and consumer applications, but these properties also make it difficult to convert fluoropolymers to coatings that have sufficient adhesion to the substrate to be protected. In this book, readers learn how fluoropolymer coatings are used and made, about their pigments and fillers, binders, dispersion processes, additives, and solvents. The book includes substrate preparation, coating properties, baking and curing processes, performance tests, applications, and health and safety. Provides a practical handbook that covers the theory and practice of fluorinated coatings, including the structure and properties of binders and how to get a non-stick coating to stick to the substrate Covers liquid and power fluorocoatings, their applications methods, curing and baking processes, and their commercial end uses Presents detailed discussions of testing methods related to fluorocoatings, common coating defects, how they form, how to eliminate them, and the health and safety aspects of using and applying fluorocoatings Includes substrate preparation, coating properties, baking and curing processes, performance tests, applications, and health and safety

Deep Eutectic Solvents

Deep Eutectic Solvents Book
Author : Diego J. Ramón,Gabriela Guillena
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-01-13
ISBN : 3527345183
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A useful guide to the fundamentals and applications of deep eutectic solvents Deep Eutectic Solvents contains a comprehensive review of the use of deep eutectic solvents (DESs) as an environmentally benign alternative reaction media for chemical transformations and processes. The contributors cover a range of topics including synthesis, structure, properties, toxicity and biodegradability of DESs. The book also explores myriad applications in various disciplines, such as organic synthesis and (bio)catalysis, electrochemistry, extraction, analytical chemistry, polymerizations, (nano)materials preparation, biomass processing, and gas adsorption. The book is aimed at organic chemists, catalytic chemists, pharmaceutical chemists, biochemists, electrochemists, and others involved in the design of eco-friendly reactions and processes. This important book: -Explores the promise of DESs as an environmentally benign alternative to hazardous organic solvents -Covers the synthesis, structure, properties (incl. toxicity) as well as a wide range of applications -Offers a springboard for stimulating critical discussion and encouraging further advances in the field Deep Eutectic Solvents is an interdisciplinary resource for researchers in academia and industry interested in the many uses of DESs as an environmentally benign alternative reaction media.