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Handbook Of Self Assembled Semiconductor Nanostructures For Novel Devices In Photonics And Electronics

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Handbook of Self Assembled Semiconductor Nanostructures for Novel Devices in Photonics and Electronics

Handbook of Self Assembled Semiconductor Nanostructures for Novel Devices in Photonics and Electronics Book
Author : Mohamed Henini
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-07-28
ISBN : 9780080560472
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The self-assembled nanostructured materials described in this book offer a number of advantages over conventional material technologies in a wide range of sectors. World leaders in the field of self-organisation of nanostructures review the current status of research and development in the field, and give an account of the formation, properties, and self-organisation of semiconductor nanostructures. Chapters on structural, electronic and optical properties, and devices based on self-organised nanostructures are also included. Future research work on self-assembled nanostructures will connect diverse areas of material science, physics, chemistry, electronics and optoelectronics. This book will provide an excellent starting point for workers entering the field and a useful reference to the nanostructured materials research community. It will be useful to any scientist who is involved in nanotechnology and those wishing to gain a view of what is possible with modern fabrication technology. Mohamed Henini is a Professor of Applied Physics at the University of Nottingham. He has authored and co-authored over 750 papers in international journals and conference proceedings and is the founder of two international conferences. He is the Editor-in-Chief of Microelectronics Journal and has edited three previous Elsevier books. Contributors are world leaders in the field Brings together all the factors which are essential in self-organisation of quantum nanostructures Reviews the current status of research and development in self-organised nanostructured materials Provides a ready source of information on a wide range of topics Useful to any scientist who is involved in nanotechnology Excellent starting point for workers entering the field Serves as an excellent reference manual

Comprehensive Semiconductor Science and Technology

Comprehensive Semiconductor Science and Technology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2011-01-28
ISBN : 0080932282
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Semiconductors are at the heart of modern living. Almost everything we do, be it work, travel, communication, or entertainment, all depend on some feature of semiconductor technology. Comprehensive Semiconductor Science and Technology captures the breadth of this important field, and presents it in a single source to the large audience who study, make, and exploit semiconductors. Previous attempts at this achievement have been abbreviated, and have omitted important topics. Written and Edited by a truly international team of experts, this work delivers an objective yet cohesive global review of the semiconductor world. The work is divided into three sections. The first section is concerned with the fundamental physics of semiconductors, showing how the electronic features and the lattice dynamics change drastically when systems vary from bulk to a low-dimensional structure and further to a nanometer size. Throughout this section there is an emphasis on the full understanding of the underlying physics. The second section deals largely with the transformation of the conceptual framework of solid state physics into devices and systems which require the growth of extremely high purity, nearly defect-free bulk and epitaxial materials. The last section is devoted to exploitation of the knowledge described in the previous sections to highlight the spectrum of devices we see all around us. Provides a comprehensive global picture of the semiconductor world Each of the work's three sections presents a complete description of one aspect of the whole Written and Edited by a truly international team of experts

Molecular Beam Epitaxy

Molecular Beam Epitaxy Book
Author : Mohamed Henini
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-06-27
ISBN : 0128121378
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Molecular Beam Epitaxy (MBE): From Research to Mass Production, Second Edition, provides a comprehensive overview of the latest MBE research and applications in epitaxial growth, along with a detailed discussion and ‘how to’ on processing molecular or atomic beams that occur on the surface of a heated crystalline substrate in a vacuum. The techniques addressed in the book can be deployed wherever precise thin-film devices with enhanced and unique properties for computing, optics or photonics are required. It includes new semiconductor materials, new device structures that are commercially available, and many that are at the advanced research stage. This second edition covers the advances made by MBE, both in research and in the mass production of electronic and optoelectronic devices. Enhancements include new chapters on MBE growth of 2D materials, Si-Ge materials, AIN and GaN materials, and hybrid ferromagnet and semiconductor structures. Condenses the fundamental science of MBE into a modern reference, speeding up literature review Discusses new materials, novel applications and new device structures, grounding current commercial applications with modern understanding in industry and research Includes coverage of MBE as mass production epitaxial technology and how it enhances processing efficiency and throughput for the semiconductor industry and nanostructured semiconductor materials research community

Nanocolloids

Nanocolloids Book
Author : Margarita Sanchez-Dominguez,Carlos Rodriguez-Abreu
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-03-09
ISBN : 0128017589
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanocolloids: A Meeting Point for Scientists and Technologists presents an easy-to-read approach to current trends in nanoscale colloid chemistry, which offers relatively simple and economically feasible ways to produce nanomaterials. Nanocolloids have been the subjects of major development in modern technology, with many current and future applications. The book helps scientists and technologists to understand the different aspects of modern nanocolloid science. It outlines the underlying fundamental principles of nanocolloid science and covers applications ranging from emulsions to dispersions and suspensions. You will find details on experimental techniques and methods for the synthesis and characterization of nanocolloids, including the latest developments in nanoemulsions and nanoparticles. Edited by leading academics with over 10 years’ experience in the field of colloid and surfactant science. Each chapter is authored by recognized experts in the field. Outlines the underlying fundamental science behind nanocolloids. Provides comprehensive coverage of current topics and potential applications in nanocolloid science. Presents a multidisciplinary approach to help chemical engineers, chemists, physicists, materials scientists and pharmacologists, form an in-depth understanding of nanocolloid science.

Effect of Static Electric Fields on The Electronic And Optical Properties of Layered Semiconductor Nanostructures

Effect of Static Electric Fields on The Electronic And Optical Properties of Layered Semiconductor Nanostructures Book
Author : Volodya A. Harutyunyan
Publisher : Bentham Science Publishers
Release : 2015-11-04
ISBN : 168108080X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume investigates the theory of the effect of static electric fields on one-electron states in. nanocylindrical and nanospherical heterolayers and quantized semiconductor films. Homogeneous external electrostatic field for all these structures has been considered as a "universal" modulating factor. For structures with radial symmetry, a study on the influence of radial static field and the electric field of a charged ring on one-electron states is presented. Chapters focusing on homogeneous field effect on low-dimensional excitonic states in the quantized films and quantum wires - in both wide bandgap and narrowband semiconductors - are also included. Other contents include calculations weak, moderate and strong electric fields, quantum-mechanical approximation and perturbation theory, the quasi-classical approximation (WKB method). Readers will benefit from the varied methodological to the subject which gives them a concrete analytical framework to solve problems related to nanoscale semiconductor design. The reference should prove to be useful to academics and professionals working in semiconductor nanoelectronics research and development.

Handbook of Crystal Growth

Handbook of Crystal Growth Book
Author : Tom Kuech
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-11-02
ISBN : 0444633057
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Volume IIIA Basic Techniques Handbook of Crystal Growth, 2nd Edition Volume IIIA (Basic Techniques), edited by chemical and biological engineering expert Thomas F. Kuech, presents the underpinning science and technology associated with epitaxial growth as well as highlighting many of the chief and burgeoning areas for epitaxial growth. Volume IIIA focuses on major growth techniques which are used both in the scientific investigation of crystal growth processes and commercial development of advanced epitaxial structures. Techniques based on vacuum deposition, vapor phase epitaxy, and liquid and solid phase epitaxy are presented along with new techniques for the development of three-dimensional nano-and micro-structures. Volume IIIB Materials, Processes, and Technology Handbook of Crystal Growth, 2nd Edition Volume IIIB (Materials, Processes, and Technology), edited by chemical and biological engineering expert Thomas F. Kuech, describes both specific techniques for epitaxial growth as well as an array of materials-specific growth processes. The volume begins by presenting variations on epitaxial growth process where the kinetic processes are used to develop new types of materials at low temperatures. Optical and physical characterizations of epitaxial films are discussed for both in situ and exit to characterization of epitaxial materials. The remainder of the volume presents both the epitaxial growth processes associated with key technology materials as well as unique structures such as monolayer and two dimensional materials. Volume IIIA Basic Techniques Provides an introduction to the chief epitaxial growth processes and the underpinning scientific concepts used to understand and develop new processes. Presents new techniques and technologies for the development of three-dimensional structures such as quantum dots, nano-wires, rods and patterned growth Introduces and utilizes basic concepts of thermodynamics, transport, and a wide cross-section of kinetic processes which form the atomic level text of growth process Volume IIIB Materials, Processes, and Technology Describes atomic level epitaxial deposition and other low temperature growth techniques Presents both the development of thermal and lattice mismatched streams as the techniques used to characterize the structural properties of these materials Presents in-depth discussion of the epitaxial growth techniques associated with silicone silicone-based materials, compound semiconductors, semiconducting nitrides, and refractory materials

Zinc Oxide Nanostructures

Zinc Oxide Nanostructures Book
Author : Magnus Willander
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-07-22
ISBN : 9814411345
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Zinc oxide (ZnO) in its nanostructured form is emerging as a promising material with great potential for the development of many smart electronic devices. This book presents up-to-date information about various synthesis methods to obtain device-quality ZnO nanostructures. It describes both high-temperature (over 100° C) and low-temperature (under 100° C) approaches to synthesizing ZnO nanostructures; device applications for technical and medical devices, light-emitting diodes, electrochemical sensors, nanogenerators, and photodynamic therapy; and the concept of self-powered devices and systems using ZnO nanostructures. The book emphasizes the utilization of non-conventional substrates such as plastic, paper, and textile as new platforms for developing electronics.

Redox Active Therapeutics

Redox Active Therapeutics Book
Author : Ines Batinić-Haberle,Júlio S. Rebouças,Ivan Spasojević
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-10-13
ISBN : 3319307053
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This essential volume comprehensively discusses redox-active therapeutics, focusing particularly on their molecular design, mechanistic, pharmacological and medicinal aspects. The first section of the book describes the basic aspects of the chemistry and biology of redox-active drugs and includes a brief overview of the redox-based pathways involved in cancer and the medical aspects of redox-active drugs, assuming little in the way of prior knowledge. Subsequent sections and chapters describe more specialized aspects of central nervous system injuries, neurodegenerative diseases, pain, radiation injury and radioprotection (such as of brain, lungs, head and neck and erectile function) and neglected diseases (e.g., leishmaniasis). It encompasses several major classes of redox-active experimental therapeutics, which include porphyrins, salens, nitrones, and most notably metal-containing (e.g., Mn, Fe, Cu, Zn, Sb) drugs as either single compounds or formulations with nanomaterials and quantum dots. Numerous illustrations, tables and figures enhance and complement the text; extensive references to relevant literature are also included. Redox-Active Therapeutics is an invaluable addition to Springer’s Oxidative Stress in Applied Basic Research and Clinical Practice series. It is essential reading for researchers, clinicians and graduate students interested in understanding and exploring the Redoxome—the organism redox network—as an emerging frontier in drug design, redox biology and medicine.

Handbook of Optoelectronic Device Modeling and Simulation

Handbook of Optoelectronic Device Modeling and Simulation Book
Author : Joachim Piprek
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-10-10
ISBN : 149874947X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Optoelectronic devices are now ubiquitous in our daily lives, from light emitting diodes (LEDs) in many household appliances to solar cells for energy. This handbook shows how we can probe the underlying and highly complex physical processes using modern mathematical models and numerical simulation for optoelectronic device design, analysis, and performance optimization. It reflects the wide availability of powerful computers and advanced commercial software, which have opened the door for non-specialists to perform sophisticated modeling and simulation tasks. The chapters comprise the know-how of more than a hundred experts from all over the world. The handbook is an ideal starting point for beginners but also gives experienced researchers the opportunity to renew and broaden their knowledge in this expanding field.

Nanotechnology for Energy Sustainability

Nanotechnology for Energy Sustainability Book
Author : Baldev Raj,Marcel Van de Voorde,Yashwant Mahajan
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-01-27
ISBN : 3527696113
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In three handy volumes, this ready reference provides a detailed overview of nanotechnology as it is applied to energy sustainability. Clearly structured, following an introduction, the first part of the book is dedicated to energy production, renewable energy, energy storage, energy distribution, and energy conversion and harvesting. The second part then goes on to discuss nano-enabled materials, energy conservation and management, technological and intellectual property-related issues and markets and environmental remediation. The text concludes with a look at and recommendations for future technology advances. An essential handbook for all experts in the field - from academic researchers and engineers to developers in industry.

Spectroscopic Analyses

Spectroscopic Analyses Book
Author : Eram Sharmin,Fahmina Zafar
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2017-12-06
ISBN : 9535136275
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book presents developments and applications of these methods, such as NMR, mass, and others, including their applications in pharmaceutical and biomedical analyses. The book is divided into two sections. The first section covers spectroscopic methods, their applications, and their significance as characterization tools; the second section is dedicated to the applications of spectrophotometric methods in pharmaceutical and biomedical analyses. This book would be useful for students, scholars, and scientists engaged in synthesis, analyses, and applications of materials/polymers.

Physics of Quantum Rings

Physics of Quantum Rings Book
Author : Vladimir M. Fomin
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-08-29
ISBN : 3642391974
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book deals with a new class of materials, quantum rings. Innovative recent advances in experimental and theoretical physics of quantum rings are based on the most advanced state-of-the-art fabrication and characterization techniques as well as theoretical methods. The experimental efforts allow to obtain a new class of semiconductor quantum rings formed by capping self-organized quantum dots grown by molecular beam epitaxy. Novel optical and magnetic properties of quantum rings are associated with non-trivial topologies at the nanoscale. An adequate characterization of quantum rings is possible on the basis of modern characterization methods of nanostructures, such as Scanning Tunneling Microscopy. A high level of complexity is demonstrated to be needed for a dedicated theoretical model to adequately represent the specific features of quantum rings. The findings presented in this book contribute to develop low-cost high-performance electronic, spintronic, optoelectronic and information processing devices based on quantum rings.

Current Advancements in Stereo Vision

Current Advancements in Stereo Vision Book
Author : Asim Bhatti
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2012-07-11
ISBN : 9535106600
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book is a new edition of stereo vision book series of INTECH Open Access Publisher and it presents diverse range of ideas and applications highlighting current research/technology trends and advances in the field of stereo vision. The topics covered in this book include fundamental theoretical aspects of robust stereo correspondence estimation, novel and robust algorithms, hardware implementation for fast execution and applications in wide range of disciplines. Particularly interesting approaches include neuromorphic engineering, probabilistic analysis and anisotropic reaction diffusion addressing the problem of stereo correspondence and the applications in mobile robotics for autonomous terrain mapping and navigation. SterCentre for Intelligent Systems Research (CISR), Institute of Technology, Research and Innovation (ITRI),eo algorithm with anisotropic reaction-diffusion systems utilizing biologically motivated reaction-diffusion systems with anisotropic diffusion coefficients makes it an interesting addition to the book.

Handbook of Nanomaterials for Wastewater Treatment

Handbook of Nanomaterials for Wastewater Treatment Book
Author : Bharat A. Bhanvase,Shirish Sonawane,Vijay B. Pawade,Aniruddha B. Pandit
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-05-01
ISBN : 0128214996
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Nanomaterials for Wastewater Treatment: Fundamentals and Scale up Issues provides coverage of the nanomaterials used for wastewater treatment, covering photocatalytic nanocomposite materials, nanomaterials used as adsorbents, water remediation processes, and their current status and challenges. The book explores the major applications of nanomaterials for effective catalysis and adsorption, also providing in-depth information on the properties and application of new advanced nanomaterials for wastewater treatment processes. This is an important reference source for researchers who need to solve basic and advanced problems relating to the use of nanomaterials for the development of wastewater treatment processes and technologies. As nanotechnology has the potential to substantially improve current water and wastewater treatment processes, the synthesis methods and physiochemical properties of nanomaterials and noble metal nanoparticles make their performance and mechanisms efficient for the treatment of various pollutants. Explains the properties of the most commonly used nanomaterials used for wastewater treatment Describes the major nanoscale synthesis and processing techniques for wastewater treatment Assesses the major challenges for using nanomaterials on a mass scale for wastewater treatment

Springer Handbook of Electronic and Photonic Materials

Springer Handbook of Electronic and Photonic Materials Book
Author : Safa Kasap,Peter Capper
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-10-04
ISBN : 331948933X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The second, updated edition of this essential reference book provides a wealth of detail on a wide range of electronic and photonic materials, starting from fundamentals and building up to advanced topics and applications. Its extensive coverage, with clear illustrations and applications, carefully selected chapter sequencing and logical flow, makes it very different from other electronic materials handbooks. It has been written by professionals in the field and instructors who teach the subject at a university or in corporate laboratories. The Springer Handbook of Electronic and Photonic Materials, second edition, includes practical applications used as examples, details of experimental techniques, useful tables that summarize equations, and, most importantly, properties of various materials, as well as an extensive glossary. Along with significant updates to the content and the references, the second edition includes a number of new chapters such as those covering novel materials and selected applications. This handbook is a valuable resource for graduate students, researchers and practicing professionals working in the area of electronic, optoelectronic and photonic materials.

Handbook of Nanostructured Materials and Nanotechnology Five Volume Set

Handbook of Nanostructured Materials and Nanotechnology  Five Volume Set Book
Author : Hari Singh Nalwa
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 1999-11
ISBN : 0125137605
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanostructured materials is one of the hottest and fastest growing areas in today's materials science field, along with the related field of solid state physics. Nanostructured materials and their based technologies have opened up exciting new possibilites for future applications in a number of areas including aerospace, automotive, x-ray technology, batteries, sensors, color imaging, printing, computer chips, medical implants, pharmacy, and cosmetics. The ability to change properties on the atomic level promises a revolution in many realms of science and technology. Thus, this book details the high level of activity and significant findings are available for those involved in research and development in the field. It also covers industrial findings and corporate support. This five-volume set summarizes fundamentals of nano-science in a comprehensive way. The contributors enlisted by the editor are at elite institutions worldwide. Key Features * Provides comprehensive coverage of the dominant technology of the 21st century * Written by 127 authors from 16 countries, making this truly international * First and only reference to cover all aspects of nanostructured materials and nanotechnology

Molecular Beam Epitaxy

Molecular Beam Epitaxy Book
Author : Mohamed Henini
Publisher : Elsevier Science
Release : 2012
ISBN : 9780123878397
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This multi-contributor handbook discusses Molecular Beam Epitaxy (MBE), an epitaxial deposition technique which involves laying down layers of materials with atomic thicknesses on to substrates. It summarizes MBE research and application in epitaxial growth with close discussion and a 'how to' on processing molecular or atomic beams that occur on a surface of a heated crystalline substrate in a vacuum. MBE has expanded in importance over the past thirty years (in terms of unique authors, papers and conferences) from a pure research domain into commercial applications (prototype device structures and more at the advanced research stage). MBE is important because it enables new device phenomena and facilitates the production of multiple layered structures with extremely fine dimensional and compositional control. The techniques can be deployed wherever precise thin-film devices with enhanced and unique properties for computing, optics or photonics are required. This book covers the advances made by MBE both in research and mass production of electronic and optoelectronic devices. It includes new semiconductor materials, new device structures which are commercially available, and many more which are at the advanced research stage. Condenses fundamental science of MBE into a modern reference, speeding up literature review Discusses new materials, novel applications and new device structures, grounding current commercial applications with modern understanding in industry and research Coverage of MBE as mass production epitaxial technology enhances processing efficiency and throughput for semiconductor industry and nanostructured semiconductor materials research community

Springer Handbook of Nanotechnology

Springer Handbook of Nanotechnology Book
Author : Bharat Bhushan
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-11-05
ISBN : 3662543575
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This comprehensive handbook has become the definitive reference work in the field of nanoscience and nanotechnology, and this 4th edition incorporates a number of recent new developments. It integrates nanofabrication, nanomaterials, nanodevices, nanomechanics, nanotribology, materials science, and reliability engineering knowledge in just one volume. Furthermore, it discusses various nanostructures; micro/nanofabrication; micro/nanodevices and biomicro/nanodevices, as well as scanning probe microscopy; nanotribology and nanomechanics; molecularly thick films; industrial applications and nanodevice reliability; societal, environmental, health and safety issues; and nanotechnology education. In this new edition, written by an international team of over 140 distinguished experts and put together by an experienced editor with a comprehensive understanding of the field, almost all the chapters are either new or substantially revised and expanded, with new topics of interest added. It is an essential resource for anyone working in the rapidly evolving field of key technology, including mechanical and electrical engineers, materials scientists, physicists, and chemists.

Functional Nanofibers and their Applications

Functional Nanofibers and their Applications Book
Author : Q Wei
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-05-24
ISBN : 0857095641
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanofibers are a flexible material with a huge range of potential applications in such areas as technical textiles. Functional nanofibers and their applications summarises key trends in the processing and applications of these exciting materials. Part one focuses on the types and processing of nanofibers. Beginning with an overview of the principles and techniques involved in their production, it goes on to review core-shell, aligned, porous and gradient nanofibers. The processing and application of composite functional nanofibers, carbon and polymer nanofiber reinforcements in polymer matrix composites, and inorganic functional nanofibers are then explored in detail, before part one concludes with a consideration of surface functionalization. A wide variety of functional nanofiber applications are then reviewed in part two. Following consideration of their use in filtration, drug delivery and tissue engineering applications, the role of functional nanofibers in lithium-ion batteries, sensor applications, protective clothing, food processing and water purification is explored. Discussion of their use in sound absorption, electromagnetic wave attenuation and biomedical and microelectronic applications follows, before a final discussion of future trends. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Functional nanofibers and applications is a key text for all those working in the fields of technical textiles, as well as areas using nanofibers such as composites, biomaterials and microelectronics. Summarises key trends in the processing and applications of functional nanofibres in areas such as technical textiles Provides an overview of the principles and techniques involved in the production of nanofibres and reviews core-shell, aligned, porous and gradient nanofibres Considers the use of nanofibres in filtration, drug delivery and tissue engineering applications and the role of functional nanofibres in lithium-ion batteries, sensor applications, protective clothing, food processing and water purification