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Handbook Of Radioactivity Analysis

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Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis

Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis Book
Author : Michael F. L'Annunziata
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-03-07
ISBN : 0128143967
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis: Radiation Physics and Detectors, Volume One, and Radioanalytical Applications, Volume Two, Fourth Edition, constitute an authoritative reference on the principles, practical techniques and procedures for the accurate measurement of radioactivity - everything from the very low levels encountered in the environment, to higher levels measured in radioisotope research, clinical laboratories, biological sciences, radionuclide standardization, nuclear medicine, nuclear power, and fuel cycle facilities, and in the implementation of nuclear forensic analysis and nuclear safeguards. It includes sample preparation techniques for all types of matrices found in the environment, including soil, water, air, plant matter and animal tissue, and surface swipes. Users will find the latest advances in the applications of radioactivity analysis across various fields, including environmental monitoring, radiochemical standardization, high-resolution beta imaging, automated radiochemical separation, nuclear forensics, and more. Spans two volumes, Radiation Physics and Detectors and Radioanalytical Applications Includes a new chapter on the analysis of environmental radionuclides Provides the latest advances in the applications of liquid and solid scintillation analysis, alpha- and gamma spectrometry, mass spectrometric analysis, Cherenkov counting, flow-cell radionuclide analysis, radionuclide standardization, aerosol analysis, high-resolution beta imaging techniques, analytical techniques in nuclear forensics, and nuclear safeguards Describes the timesaving techniques of computer-controlled automatic separation and activity analysis of radionuclides Provides an extensive table of the radiation characteristics of most radionuclides of interest for the radioanalytical chemist

Environmental Radioactivity

Environmental Radioactivity Book
Author : Merrill Eisenbud,Thomas F. Gesell
Publisher : Andrews McMeel Publishing
Release : 1997-03-11
ISBN : 9780122351549
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Environmental Radioactivity from Natural, Industrial, and Military Sources is the comprehensive source of information on radiation in the environment and human exposure to radioactivity. This Fourth Edition isa complete revision and extension of the classic work, reflecting major new developments and concerns as the Cold War ended, nuclear weapons began to be dismantled, and cleanup of the nuclear weapons facilities assumed center stage. Contamination from accidents involving weapons, reactors, and radionuclide sources are discussed in an updated chapter, including the latest information about the effects of the Chernobyl accident. Important revisions are also made to the chapters on natural radioactivity, nuclear fuels and power reactors, radioactive waste management, and various other sources of exposure. Several chapters provide primers for readers who may not be familiar with the fundamentals of radiation biology, protection standards, and pathways for the environmental transport of radionuclides. An Appendix lists the properties of the more important radionuclides found in the environment. The book concludes with a commentary on contemporary social aspects of radiation exposure and risks that offers analternative view to current, often excessive concerns over radiation, nuclear technology, and waste. Describes every important source of environmental radioactivity Reviews the vexing problems of radioactive waste management and clean-up of contaminated sites Contains measured or projected radiation dose estimates for the major sources Features 126 figures, 80 tables, and more than 1200 references Discusses current problems in historical context The two authors bring more than 75 years of combined experience with environmental radioactivity Provides an understanding of the sources of environmental radioactivity and human exposure from the mining of ores to final disposal of wastes Thoroughly reviews important contamination accidents

Radioactivity

Radioactivity Book
Author : Michael F. L'Annunziata
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-05-13
ISBN : 0444634967
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A recipient of the PROSE 2017 Honorable Mention in Chemistry & Physics, Radioactivity: Introduction and History, From the Quantum to Quarks, Second Edition provides a greatly expanded overview of radioactivity from natural and artificial sources on earth, radiation of cosmic origins, and an introduction to the atom and its nucleus. The book also includes historical accounts of the lives, works, and major achievements of many famous pioneers and Nobel Laureates from 1895 to the present. These leaders in the field have contributed to our knowledge of the science of the atom, its nucleus, nuclear decay, and subatomic particles that are part of our current knowledge of the structure of matter, including the role of quarks, leptons, and the bosons (force carriers). Users will find a completely revised and greatly expanded text that includes all new material that further describes the significant historical events on the topic dating from the 1950s to the present. Provides a detailed account of nuclear radiation – its origin and properties, the atom, its nucleus, and subatomic particles including quarks, leptons, and force carriers (bosons) Includes fascinating biographies of the pioneers in the field, including captivating anecdotes and insights Presents meticulous accounts of experiments and calculations used by pioneers to confirm their findings

Radioactivity Introduction and History

Radioactivity  Introduction and History Book
Author : Michael F. L'Annunziata
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2007-08-23
ISBN : 9780080548883
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Radioactivity: Introduction and History provides an introduction to radioactivity from natural and artificial sources on earth and radiation of cosmic origins. This book answers many questions for the student, teacher, and practitioner as to the origins, properties, detection and measurement, and applications of radioactivity. Written at a level that most students and teachers can appreciate, it includes many calculations that students and teachers may use in class work. Radioactivity: Introduction and History also serves as a refresher for experienced practitioners who use radioactive sources in his or her field of work. Also included are historical accounts of the lives and major achievements of many famous pioneers and Nobel Laureates who have contributed to our knowledge of the science of radioactivity. * Provides entry-level overview of every form of radioactivity including natural and artificial sources, and radiation of cosmic origin. * Includes many solved problems to practical questions concerning nuclear radiation and its interaction with matter * Historical accounts of the major achievements of pioneers and Nobel Laureates, who have contributed to our current knowledge of radioactivity

IAEA Bulletin

IAEA Bulletin Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download IAEA Bulletin book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Introduction to Radiological Physics and Radiation Dosimetry

Introduction to Radiological Physics and Radiation Dosimetry Book
Author : Frank H. Attix
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 1986
ISBN : 9780471011460
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A straightforward presentation of the broad concepts underlying radiological physics and radiation dosimetry for the graduate-level student. Covers photon and neutron attenuation, radiation and charged particle equilibrium, interactions of photons and charged particles with matter, radiotherapy dosimetry, as well as photographic, calorimetric, chemical, and thermoluminescence dosimetry. Includes many new derivations, such as Kramers X-ray spectrum, as well as topics that have not been thoroughly analyzed in other texts, such as broad-beam attenuation and geometrics, and the reciprocity theorem. Subjects are layed out in a logical sequence, making the topics easier for students to follow. Supplemented with numerous diagrams and tables.

Surveillance and Monitoring of Near Surface Disposal Facilities for Radioactive Waste

Surveillance and Monitoring of Near Surface Disposal Facilities for Radioactive Waste Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : International Atomic Energy Agency
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The publication deals with surveillance and monitoring activities for the purposes of demonstrating the safety of near surface radioactive waste disposal facilities. It covers all phases of facility development from siting through construction and operation to closure. It identifies the activities over which surveillance needs to be exercised and the parameters to be monitored, and provides examples of such programs for present-day facilities. It also addresses programs that may be necessary for older facilities which were not built to present-day standards and for which surveillance and monitoring may have to be carried out to identify remedial measures to be taken.

Sci tech News

Sci tech News Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Sci tech News book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Choice

Choice Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Choice book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Proficiency Testing in Applications of the Ionizing Radiation and Nuclear Analytical Techniques in Industry Medicine and Environment

Proficiency Testing in Applications of the Ionizing Radiation and Nuclear Analytical Techniques in Industry  Medicine  and Environment Book
Author : Emanuela Cincu,Ioana Manea,Mike Woods
Publisher : Amer Inst of Physics
Release : 2008-09-05
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first Workshop on ‘Nuclear Proficiency Testing’ (PT) focused on the new topic appeared at the junction of the nuclear basic research, metrology, quality control in applications, and the new ‘Science of Analytical Performance’ (SAP), namely: ‘how to get/prove the most accurate and precise scientific/technical results in the current practice. Any analytical laboratory should fulfill this goal in order to assure the public credibility of its results, either it is part of the scientific research institute, or a laboratory dedicated to the routine control of the environment, industry, health /medicine, radioprotection, or dosimetry, as the quality of the analytical results and of the services that will be further used depend critically on the accuracy and validity of measurements (EN ISO/IEC Standard 17025: 2005). ‘Proficiency Testing’ plays a central role in this process as the best tool to prove and certify the Laboratory’s Performance & Competence; it belongs to SAP, which, in our case, should be called SNAP (Science of the Nuclear Analytical Performance), as it concerns performance in applications of the nuclear analytical techniques. The ‘PT Workshop-2007’ created the opportunity to learn the criteria / tools used for interpreting the experimental results and evaluating performance, ‘how to fit’ the laboratory’s performance with the rigor of international ‘Proficiency Testing’ evaluation, to understand the basic aspects of methods validation and traceability of the nuclear physical quantities to SI, use of the reference materials and of the statistic criteria for the fitness-for-purpose objectives, advantages of the ILC /PT exercises, and how to get the ‘Excellence’; so, it was primarily a ‘school’ , but not only, because the meeting was also a framework for participants to present their latest results and developments. The unique feature of the ‘PT Workshop-2007’ was the participation –for the first time in a scientific meeting of experts intimately involved in the development of International and National Standards and the organization of international Inter-Laboratory Comparison (ILC) and Proficiency Testing (PT) exercises, of experts involved in radionuclide metrology, who generally establish the norms and requirements for the accuracy of measurements and analytical methods, and experts and specialists involved in nuclear application, as ‘lectors’. Their presence and lessons assured the highest level of knowledge for a successful ‘school’ in the field of Nuclear Proficiency Testing, and the discussions they created were very fruitful, to the benefit of all the participants.

Handbook of Radioactive Contamination and Decontamination

Handbook of Radioactive Contamination and Decontamination Book
Author : J. Severa,J. Bár
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 1991-12-04
ISBN : 9780080875064
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The objective of this book is to present a comprehensive picture, first of the fundamentals of general contamination of solid surfaces and water, and in the second part, to review the main practical procedures and means of applied decontamination used in the fields of activity. The most emphasis on radioactive contamination deals with decontamination of the operational facilities in nuclear power plants. Other special decontamination branches of current interest are also dealt with briefly. The art of decontamination is being enriched by the progress achieved in relevant scientific disciplines and employs these relative advances. The current volume discusses in detail the following trends in decontamination: Firstly, the development and use of new decontamination methods that are highly efficient, non-agressive to decontaminated materials, and economically feasible; secondly, the utilization of progressive elements of automation and robotics; thirdly, the development and use of such decontamination formulations that would minimize the volume of wastes and would produce wastes in a form in which they could be either easily further treated or safely disposed of without risk to human health or the environment; finally, the choice of suitable materials used both for the structural and the technological parts of nuclear installations with regard to their minimal contaminability and ease of decontamination.

Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry

Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Handbook of Nuclear Chemistry

Handbook of Nuclear Chemistry Book
Author : Attila Vértes,Sándor Nagy,Zoltán Klencsár,Rezso György Lovas,Frank Rösch
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-12-10
ISBN : 144190719X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This revised and extended 6 volume handbook set is the most comprehensive and voluminous reference work of its kind in the field of nuclear chemistry. The Handbook set covers all of the chemical aspects of nuclear science starting from the physical basics and including such diverse areas as the chemistry of transactinides and exotic atoms as well as radioactive waste management and radiopharmaceutical chemistry relevant to nuclear medicine. The nuclear methods of the investigation of chemical structure also receive ample space and attention. The international team of authors consists of scores of world-renowned experts - nuclear chemists, radiopharmaceutical chemists and physicists - from Europe, USA, and Asia. The Handbook set is an invaluable reference for nuclear scientists, biologists, chemists, physicists, physicians practicing nuclear medicine, graduate students and teachers - virtually all who are involved in the chemical and radiopharmaceutical aspects of nuclear science. The Handbook set also provides further reading via the rich selection of references.

Reactor Handbook Engineering edited by S Mclain and J H Martens

Reactor Handbook  Engineering  edited by S  Mclain and J H  Martens Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1964
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Reactor Handbook Engineering edited by S Mclain and J H Martens book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Handbook of Fast Neutron Generator

Handbook of Fast Neutron Generator Book
Author : G. J. Csikai
Publisher : CRC-Press
Release : 1987-09-30
ISBN : 9780849329685
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This handbook reviews those problems and methods of science and technology where the neutrons produced in the 3H/d, N/4He, and 2H/d, n/3He reactions play the main role. This two-volume set: Discusses possible applications of these small generators as thermal neutron sources Enables suitable topics to be selected for education and training, provides a wide range of experiments with the detection of neutrons and charged particles, including the study of shielding and the generator technology itself Gives a review of important operational characteristics of neutron generators and the necessary instruments connected with these applications Provides an account of recent results of fast neutron activation analysis in various fields.

Environmental Radioactivity

Environmental Radioactivity Book
Author : Merril Eisenbud
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1987
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Environmental Radioactivity book written by Merril Eisenbud, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Laboratory Handbook

Laboratory Handbook Book
Author : Norman L. Parr
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1965
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Laboratory Handbook book written by Norman L. Parr, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Handbook of Recording Instruments for Ionizing Radiation

Handbook of Recording Instruments for Ionizing Radiation Book
Author : Ivan Maksimovich Egorov
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1967
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Handbook of Recording Instruments for Ionizing Radiation book written by Ivan Maksimovich Egorov, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Proceedings

Proceedings Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1960
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Proceedings book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.