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Handbook Of Polymer Applications In Medicine And Medical Devices

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Handbook of Polymer Applications in Medicine and Medical Devices

Handbook of Polymer Applications in Medicine and Medical Devices Book
Author : Kayvon Modjarrad,Sina Ebnesajjad
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-12-05
ISBN : 0323221696
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

While the prevalence of plastics and elastomers in medical devices is now quite well known, there is less information available covering the use of medical devices and the applications of polymers beyond medical devices, such as in hydrogels, biopolymers and silicones beyond enhancement applications, and few books in which these are combined into a single reference. This book is a comprehensive reference source, bringing together a number of key medical polymer topics in one place for a broad audience of engineers and scientists, especially those currently developing new medical devices or seeking more information about current and future applications. In addition to a broad range of applications, the book also covers clinical outcomes and complications arising from the use of the polymers in the body, giving engineers a vital insight into the real world implications of the devices they’re creating. Regulatory issues are also covered in detail. The book also presents the latest developments on the use of polymers in medicine and development of nano-scale devices. Gathers discussions of a large number of applications of polymers in medicine in one place Provides an insight into both the legal and clinical implications of device design Relevant to industry, academic and medical professionals Presents the latest developments in the field, including medical devices on a nano-scale

Handbook of Polymer Applications in Medicine and Medical Devices

Handbook of Polymer Applications in Medicine and Medical Devices Book
Author : André Colas,Jim Curtis
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-12-05
ISBN : 0128076690
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Silicone materials have been widely used in medicine for over 60 years. Available in a variety of material types, they have unique chemical and physical properties that manifest in excellent biocompatibility and biodurability for many applications. Silicone elastomers have remarkably low glass-transition temperatures and maintain their flexibility over a wide temperature range, enabling them to withstand conditions from cold storage to steam autoclaving. They have high permeability to gases and many drugs, advantageous respectively in wound care or in transdermal drug delivery. They have low surface tension and remarkable chemical stability, enabling biocompatibility and biodurability in many long-term implant applications.

Handbook of Polymer Applications in Medicine and Medical Devices

Handbook of Polymer Applications in Medicine and Medical Devices Book
Author : Zheng Zhang,Ophir Ortiz,Ritu Goyal,Joachim Kohn
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-12-05
ISBN : 0128076755
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The design and development of tissue-engineered products has benefited from many years of clinical utilization of a wide range of biodegradable polymers. Newly developed biodegradable polymers and modifications of previously developed biodegradable polymers have enhanced the tools available for creating clinically important tissue-engineering applications. Insights gained from studies of cell-matrix interactions, cell-cell signaling, and organization of cellular components, are placing increased demands on medical implants to interact with the patient’s tissue in a more biologically appropriate fashion. Whereas in the twentieth century biocompatibility was largely equated with eliciting no harmful response, the biomaterials of the twenty first century will have to elicit tissue responses that support healing or regeneration of the patient’s own tissue. This chapter surveys the universe of those biodegradable polymers that may be useful in the development of medical implants and tissue-engineered products. Here, we distinguish between biologically derived polymers and synthetic polymers. The materials are described in terms of their chemical composition, breakdown products, mechanism of breakdown, mechanical properties, and clinical limitations. Also discussed are product design considerations in processing of biomaterials into a final form (e.g., gel, membrane, matrix) that will effect the desired tissue response.

Handbook of Polymer Applications in Medicine and Medical Devices

Handbook of Polymer Applications in Medicine and Medical Devices Book
Author : Steven M. Kurtz
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-12-05
ISBN : 0128076720
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The orthopedic and biomaterials literature of the 1990s reflects an early academic curiosity in implant applications of polyaryletherketone (PAEK) biomaterials [1,2]. However, widespread commercial applications for PAEK biomaterials in the human body were first realized with cage implants intended to promote intervertebral body (interbody) fusion of the lumbar spine. Success of PAEK with interbody implants would later inspire applications in a broad variety of spinal implant applications, including posterior fusion, dynamic stabilization, and disc arthroplasty.

Handbook of Polymer Applications in Medicine and Medical Devices

Handbook of Polymer Applications in Medicine and Medical Devices Book
Author : Wei He,Roberto Benson
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-12-05
ISBN : 0128076666
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomaterials are an indispensable element in improving human health and quality of life. Applications of biomaterials include diagnostics (gene arrays and biosensors), medical supplies (blood bags and surgical tools), therapeutic treatments (medical implants and devices), and emerging regenerative medicine (tissue-engineered skin and cartilage). Polymers, being organic, offer a versatility that is unmatched by metals and ceramics. The wide spectrum of physical, mechanical, and chemical properties provided by polymers has fueled the extensive research, development, and applications of polymeric biomaterials. The significance of polymers as biomaterials is reflected in the market size of medical polymers, estimated to be approximately $1 billion. Many of these polymers were initially developed as plastics, elastomers, and fibers for nonmedical industrial applications, but were later developed as biomedical-specific materials. With rapid growth in modern biology and interdisciplinary collaborative efforts, polymeric biomaterials are being fashioned into bioactive and biomimetic materials, with excellent biocompatibility.

Handbook of Polymer Applications in Medicine and Medical Devices

Handbook of Polymer Applications in Medicine and Medical Devices Book
Author : Len Czuba
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-12-05
ISBN : 012807664X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This chapter will present a look at the medical device market with a particular focus on the materials of construction of devices and what we can expect in new products looking ahead. A deeper look at some other trends that have an effect on the direction of the medical device industry will be done. Finally, consideration will be given to a number of global factors that can have dramatic effects on our industry.

Handbook of Polymer Applications in Medicine and Medical Devices

Handbook of Polymer Applications in Medicine and Medical Devices Book
Author : Vinny R. Sastri
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-12-05
ISBN : 0128076763
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over the past 2000 years, many devices have been developed and used in the mitigation and diagnosis of diseases. The materials used in these devices have ranged from stone, wood, metal, ceramics, and most recently plastics. Medical devices have also evolved in sophistication and complexity over time. With the formalization of the scientific method in the seventeenth century such devices became more prevalent [1]. Many medical devices were manufactured by doctors or small companies and sold directly to the public with no government standards or oversight. With the explosion of medical technology in the early twentieth century, several intermediaries had evolved between the medical device industry and the public. In 1879, Dr E.R. Squibb, in an address to the Medical Society of the State of New York, proposed the enactment of a national statute to regulate food and drugs [2]. It was not until 27 years later that the Food and Drug Act of 1906 was introduced into the Congress and signed into law by President Theodore Roosevelt [3]. At that time, devices that were harmful to human safety and health proliferated the market but regulation of medical devices by the Bureau of Chemistry (the precursor to the Food and Drug Administration—FDA) was limited to challenging commercial products only after they had been released into the market. Devices in the marketplace that were defective, adulterated, or misbranded were seized and the device manufacturers were prosecuted in a court of law, but only after the products were sold in the market and caused harm to the end users. Thus, there was a strong need for regulating the devices before they entered the marketplace. An FDA report [4], issued in September 1970, detailed as many as 10,000 injuries and 731 deaths from ineffective medical devices. The report recommended the formation of a regulatory system and body that would enforce the production and sale of safe and effective devices to the public. All medical devices already on the market would be inventoried and classified into a three-tiered system based on their criticality of end use. It also detailed requirements for records and reports, registration and inspection of establishments, and uniform quality assurance programs called good manufacturing practices (GMP). After much lobbying by the FDA, Senate bill SR 510, “The Medical Device Amendments of 1973” was introduced by Senator Edward M. Kennedy and was passed by the Senate in 1975. House bill HR 11124, introduced by Representative Paul Rogers, was passed by the House in 1976. These bills eventually became the Medical Device Amendments of 1976, and were signed into law by President Nixon. The Medical Device Amendments of 1976 became the basis for the medical device regulation in the United States to control and regulate the production of finished devices and thus the device manufacturers themselves.

Handbook of Biodegradable Polymeric Materials and Their Applications Materials

Handbook of Biodegradable Polymeric Materials and Their Applications  Materials Book
Author : Surya Mallapragada,Balaji Narasimhan
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2006
ISBN : 9781588830548
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Handbook of Biodegradable Polymeric Materials and Their Applications Materials book written by Surya Mallapragada,Balaji Narasimhan, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Handbook of Active Materials for Medical Devices

Handbook of Active Materials for Medical Devices Book
Author : Andres Diaz Lantada
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2011-09-28
ISBN : 9814303364
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers biodevices, mainly implantable or quirurgical, for the diagnosis or treatment of different pathologies, which benefit from the use of active materials as sensors or actuators. Such active or "intelligent" materials are capable of responding in a controlled way to different external physical or chemical stimuli by changing some of their properties. These materials can be used to design and develop sensors, actuators, and multifunctional systems with a large number of applications for developing biodevices and medical appliances. Current work on these fields entails problems related to synthesis, characterization, modeling, simulation, processing, and prototyping technologies, as well as device testing and validation, all of which are treated in depth in this book, for the several types of active or intelligent materials covered. The research presented in this book helps further development of medical devices, based on the additional functionalities that the use of active or "intelligent" materials, both as sensors and actuators, supplies. The main results exposed may help with the industrial expansion of this kind of materials as part of more complex systems.

Handbook of Polymers in Electronics

Handbook of Polymers in Electronics Book
Author : Bansi D. Malhotra
Publisher : iSmithers Rapra Publishing
Release : 2001-12-31
ISBN : 9781859572863
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Handbook of Polymers in Electronics has been designed to discuss the novel ways in which polymers can be used in the rapidly growing electronics industry. It provides discussion of the preparation and characterisation of suitable polymeric materials and their current and potential applications coupled with the fundamentals of electrical, optical and photophysical properties. It will thus serve the needs of those already active in the electronics field as well as new entrants to the industry.

Human Vaccines

Human Vaccines Book
Author : Kayvon Modjarrad,Wayne C. Koff
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-10-15
ISBN : 0128025425
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human Vaccines: Emerging Technologies in Design and Development discusses the advances in molecular biology, biophysics, and informatics—among other disciplines—that have provided scientists with the tools to create new vaccines against emerging and re-emerging pathogens. For example, the virus-like particle technologies that led to licensing of highly efficacious HPV vaccines have only come into full realization in the last 10 years. Their success has, in turn, accelerated the pace with which nanoparticle vaccines are being developed Given the rapidity with which the field is changing and the absence of any text documenting this change, there is a need for a resource that surveys these new vaccine technologies, assesses their potential, and describes their applications. This book provides that resource and complements traditional vaccinology books, but also serves as an excellent standalone for researchers and students with basic knowledge in immunology. Introduces new topics in vaccine immunology in the context vaccine design and production Consolidates the growing body of knowledge on new vaccine technologies that have only emerged in the past 2 – 3 decades Reviews the currently licensed vaccines that have utilized leading-edge technologies and how this has translated into improved efficacy and safety Provides a broad overview of innovative vaccine technologies, including immunological aspects

Reference Sources in Science Engineering Medicine and Agriculture

Reference Sources in Science  Engineering  Medicine  and Agriculture Book
Author : Harold Robert Malinowsky
Publisher : Greenwood
Release : 1994
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Thoughtfully compiled, current, and reasonably priced.... Recommended as a 'one-stop-shopping' source..". -- Library Journal "This work is an essential purchase for libraries with collections in the four designated areas". -- ARBA Both print and nonprint sci-tech information sources can be quickly located, and their uses evaluated, with this new resource -- the only sourcebook to cover all four major branches of science. More than 2,400 entries of complete bibliographic information are accompanied by a brief description of each work. Every source is indexed by author, subject, and title. Special chapters cover how technology is changing the way scientists communicate, and how to build a viable collection in specific disciplines.

Szycher s Handbook of Polyurethanes First Edition

Szycher s Handbook of Polyurethanes  First Edition Book
Author : Michael Szycher, Ph.D
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1999-04-23
ISBN : 9780849306020
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Polyurethanes serves as the first source of information of useful polymers. This new book thoroughly covers the entire spectrum of polyurethanes - from current technology to buyer's information. Discussions include: block and heteroblock systems rubber plasticity structure-property relations microphase separation catalysis of isocyanate reactions synthesis of polyurethanes for thermoplastics, thermosets, and curable compositions by either heat or U.V. energy biomedical applications of urethane elastomers castables, sealants, and caulking compounds flexible and semi-flexible foams health and safety This handbook compiles data from many sources, exhaustively illustrating the complex principles involved in polyurethane chemistry and technology. Handbook of Polyurethanes represents invaluable information for corporations, universities, or independent inventors.

The Cumulative Book Index

The Cumulative Book Index Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Cumulative Book Index book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Handbook of Nanomedicine

The Handbook of Nanomedicine Book
Author : Kewal K. Jain
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-02-24
ISBN : 9781603273190
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This handbook covers the broad scope of nanomedicine. Starting with the basics, the subject is developed to potential clinical applications, many of which are still at an experimental stage. The book features extensive coverage of nanodiagnostics and nanopharmaceuticals, which are two important components of nanomedicine. Written by a physician-scientist author who blends his clinical experience and scientific expertise in new technologies, this book provides a definitive account of nanomedicine. It offers more up-to-date and comprehensive coverage of nanomedicine than any other comparable work.

Biomaterials

Biomaterials Book
Author : Joon Park,R. S. Lakes
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-07-23
ISBN : 0387378804
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With sixty years of combined experience, the authors of this extensively revised book have learned to emphasize the fundamental materials science, structure-property relationships, and biological responses as a foundation for a wide array of biomaterials applications. This edition includes a new chapter on tissue engineering and regenerative medicine, approximately 1900 references to additional reading, extensive tutorial materials on new developments in spinal implants and fixation techniques and theory. It also offers systematic coverage of orthopedic implants, and expanded treatment of ceramic materials and implants.

MITI Handbook

MITI Handbook Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1988
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download MITI Handbook book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Nanoparticle Technology Handbook

Nanoparticle Technology Handbook Book
Author : Makio Naito,Masuo Hosokawa,Toyokazu Yokoyama,Kiyoshi Nogi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2007-10-19
ISBN : 0444563687
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The updated and expanded second edition of the Nanoparticle Technology Handbook is an authoritative reference providing both the theory behind nanoparticles and the practical applications of nanotechnology. The second edition is thoroughly updated and expanded with sixteen new chapters, providing a reference much broader in scope than the previous edition. Over 140 experts in nanotechnology and/or particle technology contributed to this new edition. Nanoparticle technology is a new and revolutionary technology, which is increasingly being used in electronic devices and nanomaterials. It handles the preparation, processing, application and characterisation of nanoparticles and has become the core of nanotechnology as an extension of the conventional fine particle / powder technology. Nanoparticle technology plays an important role in the implementation of nanotechnology in many engineering and industrial fields including electronic devices, advanced ceramics, new batteries, engineered catalysts, functional paint and ink, drug delivery system, biotechnology, etc.; and makes use of the unique properties of the nanoparticles which are completely different from those of bulk materials. The book includes not only the theory behind nanoparticles, but also the practical applications of nanotechnology. It examines future possibilities and new innovations and contains important knowledge on nanoparticle characterization and the effect of nanoparticles on the environment and on humans. The second edition of Nanoparticle Technology Handbook remains a valuable reference source for scientists and engineers working directly with fine particles and materials or in industries that handle these nanoparticles. Related areas include pharmaceutical products, ink or paint materials, electromagnetic memory devices, ceramic materials and plastic materials with high electro-conductivity. Introduction of all aspects of nanoparticle technology, from the fundamentals to applications Basic information on the preparation through to the characterization of nanoparticles from various viewpoints Information on nanostructures, which play an important role in practical applications Sixty applications of nanoparticles in diverse fields, from which sixteen newly added Up-to-date information given by specialists in each field Information on nanostructures made by nanoparticles, which play a major role in practical applications

American Book Publishing Record

American Book Publishing Record Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download American Book Publishing Record book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Williams Dictionary of Biomaterials

The Williams Dictionary of Biomaterials Book
Author : David Franklyn Williams
Publisher : Liverpool University Press
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0853237344
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There has been a rapid expansion of activity in the area of biomaterials and related medical devices, both in scientific terms and in clinical and commercial applications. The definition of terms has failed to keep pace with the rapidity of these developments and there is considerable confusion over the terminology used in this highly multi- and inter-disciplinary area. This confusion has arisen partly from the use of inappropriate terms which already have well-defined meanings in their parent disciplines, but which are used inexpertly by those working in other disciplines, and partly from the haphazard generation of new terms for the purpose of defining new phenomena or devices. For example, many terms used in pathology with distinct, if not readily understood, meanings are used by materials scientists to describe biocompatibility phenomena with slightly changed or even wholly misrepresented meanings; similarly, terms from materials science and engineering are seriously misused by biologists and clinicians working in this field. The leading proponent of harmonization and clarity in medical device terminology, Professor D. F. Williams has been influential in setting the standard for the accurate definition of some of the terms used. In particular, the definition of biocompatibility, ‘the Williams definition’, agreed at a 1987 conference has been adopted worldwide. Now, in association with O’Donnell and Associates of Brussels, he has prepared The Williams Dictionary to provide a definitive exposition of the meaning of the terminology used in the area of biomaterials and medical devices. It includes definitions and explanations of more than 2,000 terms from many areas, including biomaterials and medical devices, materials science, biological sciences, and clinical medicine and surgery.