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Handbook Of Physical Vapor Deposition Pvd Processing

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Handbook of Physical Vapor Deposition PVD Processing

Handbook of Physical Vapor Deposition  PVD  Processing Book
Author : D. M. Mattox
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2014-09-19
ISBN : 0080946585
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers all aspects of physical vapor deposition (PVD) process technology from the characterizing and preparing the substrate material, through deposition processing and film characterization, to post-deposition processing. The emphasis of the book is on the aspects of the process flow that are critical to economical deposition of films that can meet the required performance specifications. The book covers subjects seldom treated in the literature: substrate characterization, adhesion, cleaning and the processing. The book also covers the widely discussed subjects of vacuum technology and the fundamentals of individual deposition processes. However, the author uniquely relates these topics to the practical issues that arise in PVD processing, such as contamination control and film growth effects, which are also rarely discussed in the literature. In bringing these subjects together in one book, the reader can understand the interrelationship between various aspects of the film deposition processing and the resulting film properties. The author draws upon his long experience with developing PVD processes and troubleshooting the processes in the manufacturing environment, to provide useful hints for not only avoiding problems, but also for solving problems when they arise. He uses actual experiences, called ""war stories"", to emphasize certain points. Special formatting of the text allows a reader who is already knowledgeable in the subject to scan through a section and find discussions that are of particular interest. The author has tried to make the subject index as useful as possible so that the reader can rapidly go to sections of particular interest. Extensive references allow the reader to pursue subjects in greater detail if desired. The book is intended to be both an introduction for those who are new to the field and a valuable resource to those already in the field. The discussion of transferring technology between R&D and manufacturing provided in Appendix 1, will be of special interest to the manager or engineer responsible for moving a PVD product and process from R&D into production. Appendix 2 has an extensive listing of periodical publications and professional societies that relate to PVD processing. The extensive Glossary of Terms and Acronyms provided in Appendix 3 will be of particular use to students and to those not fully conversant with the terminology of PVD processing or with the English language.

Handbook of Physical Vapor Deposition PVD Processing

Handbook of Physical Vapor Deposition  PVD  Processing Book
Author : D. M. Mattox
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1998
ISBN : 9780815517610
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers all aspects of physical vapor deposition (PVD) process technology from the characterizing and preparing the substrate material, through deposition processing and film characterization, to post-deposition processing. The emphasis of the book is on the aspects of the process flow that are critical to economical deposition of films that can meet the required performance specifications. The book covers subjects seldom treated in the literature: substrate characterization, adhesion, cleaning and the processing. The book also covers the widely discussed subjects of vacuum te.

Handbook of Physical Vapor Deposition PVD Processing

Handbook of Physical Vapor Deposition  PVD  Processing Book
Author : Donald M. Mattox
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 1998-12-31
ISBN : 9780815517634
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers all aspects of physical vapor deposition (PVD) process technology from the characterizing and preparing the substrate material, through deposition processing and film characterization, to post-deposition processing. The emphasis of the book is on the aspects of the process flow that are critical to economical deposition of films that can meet the required performance specifications. The book covers subjects seldom treated in the literature: substrate characterization, adhesion, cleaning and the processing. The book also covers the widely discussed subjects of vacuum technology and the fundamentals of individual deposition processes. However, the author uniquely relates these topics to the practical issues that arise in PVD processing, such as contamination control and film growth effects, which are also rarely discussed in the literature. In bringing these subjects together in one book, the reader can understand the interrelationship between various aspects of the film deposition processing and the resulting film properties. The author draws upon his long experience with developing PVD processes and troubleshooting the processes in the manufacturing environment, to provide useful hints for not only avoiding problems, but also for solving problems when they arise. He uses actual experiences, called ""war stories"", to emphasize certain points. Special formatting of the text allows a reader who is already knowledgeable in the subject to scan through a section and find discussions that are of particular interest. The author has tried to make the subject index as useful as possible so that the reader can rapidly go to sections of particular interest. Extensive references allow the reader to pursue subjects in greater detail if desired. The book is intended to be both an introduction for those who are new to the field and a valuable resource to those already in the field. The discussion of transferring technology between R&D and manufacturing provided in Appendix 1, will be of special interest to the manager or engineer responsible for moving a PVD product and process from R&D into production. Appendix 2 has an extensive listing of periodical publications and professional societies that relate to PVD processing. The extensive Glossary of Terms and Acronyms provided in Appendix 3 will be of particular use to students and to those not fully conversant with the terminology of PVD processing or with the English language.

The Foundations of Vacuum Coating Technology

The Foundations of Vacuum Coating Technology Book
Author : Donald M. Mattox
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2018-08-21
ISBN : 0128130857
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Foundations of Vacuum Coating Technology, Second Edition, is a revised and expanded version of the first edition, which was published in 2003. The book reviews the histories of the various vacuum coating technologies and expands on the history of the enabling technologies of vacuum technology, plasma technology, power supplies, and low-pressure plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition. The melding of these technologies has resulted in new processes and products that have greatly expanded the application of vacuum coatings for use in our everyday lives. The book is unique in that it makes extensive reference to the patent literature (mostly US) and how it relates to the history of vacuum coating. The book includes a Historical Timeline of Vacuum Coating Technology and a Historical Timeline of Vacuum/Plasma Technology, as well as a Glossary of Terms used in the vacuum coating and surface engineering industries. History and detailed descriptions of Vacuum Deposition Technologies Review of Enabling Technologies and their importance to current applications Extensively referenced text Patents are referenced as part of the history Historical Timelines for Vacuum Coating Technology and Vacuum/Plasma Technology Glossary of Terms for vacuum coating

The Foundations of Vacuum Coating Technology

The Foundations of Vacuum Coating Technology Book
Author : D. M. Mattox,Donald M. Mattox
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2003-04-16
ISBN : 0815519273
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Foundations of Vacuum Coating Technology is a concise review of the developments that have led to the wide variety of applications of this technology. This book is a must have for materials scientists and engineers working with vacuum coating in the invention of new technologies or applications in all industries. With over 370 references, this is an excellent starting point for those who don't want to reinvent the wheel. In particular, the book is a valuable reference for those interested in researching proposed or existing patents. This unique book provides a starting point for more in-depth surveys of past and recent work in all aspects of vacuum coating. The author uses his extensive knowledge of the subject to draw comparisons and place the information into the proper context. This is particularly important for the patent literature where the terminology does not always match industry jargon. A section of acronyms for vacuum coating and glossary of terms at the end of the book are critical additions to the information every reader needs.

The Foundations of Vacuum Coating Technology

The Foundations of Vacuum Coating Technology Book
Author : Donald M. Mattox
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2003
ISBN : 9783540204107
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Foundations of Vacuum Coating Technology is a concise review of the developments that have led to the wide variety of applications of this technology. This book is a must for materials scientists and engineers working with vacuum coating in the invention of new technologies or applications in all industries. With over 370 references, this is an excellent starting point for those who don’t want to reinvent the wheel. In particular, the book is a valuable reference for those interested in researching proposed or existing patents. This unique book provides a starting point for more in-depth surveys of past and recent work in all aspects of vacuum coating. The author uses his extensive knowledge of the subject to draw comparisons and place the information into the proper context. This is particularly important for the patent literature where the terminology does not always match industry jargon. A section of acronyms for vacuum coating and glossary of terms at the end of the book are critical additions to the information every reader needs.

Handbook of Thin Film Deposition

Handbook of Thin Film Deposition Book
Author : Krishna Seshan
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1437778747
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Handbook of Thin Film Deposition is a comprehensive reference focusing on thin film technologies and applications used in the semiconductor industry and the closely related areas of thin film deposition, thin film micro properties, photovoltaic solar energy applications, new materials for memory applications and methods for thin film optical processes. In a major restructuring, this edition of the handbook lays the foundations with an up-to-date treatment of lithography, contamination and yield management, and reliability of thin films. The established physical and chemical deposition processes and technologies are then covered, the last section of the book being devoted to more recent technological developments such as microelectromechanical systems, photovoltaic applications, digital cameras, CCD arrays, and optical thin films. A practical survey of thin film technologies aimed at engineers and managers involved in all stages of the process: design, fabrication, quality assurance and applications Covers core processes and applications in the semiconductor industry and new developments in the photovoltaic and optical thin film industries The new edition takes covers the transition taking place in the semiconductor world from Al/SiO2 to copper interconnects with low-k dielectrics Written by acknowledged industry experts from key companies in the semiconductor industry including Intel and IBM Foreword by Gordon E. Moore, co-founder of Intel and formulator of the renowned ‘Moore’s Law’ relating to the technology development cycle in the semiconductor industry

Handbook for III V High Electron Mobility Transistor Technologies

Handbook for III V High Electron Mobility Transistor Technologies Book
Author : D. Nirmal,J. Ajayan
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-05-14
ISBN : 0429862520
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focusses on III-V high electron mobility transistors (HEMTs) including basic physics, material used, fabrications details, modeling, simulation, and other important aspects. It initiates by describing principle of operation, material systems and material technologies followed by description of the structure, I-V characteristics, modeling of DC and RF parameters of AlGaN/GaN HEMTs. The book also provides information about source/drain engineering, gate engineering and channel engineering techniques used to improve the DC-RF and breakdown performance of HEMTs. Finally, the book also highlights the importance of metal oxide semiconductor high electron mobility transistors (MOS-HEMT). Key Features Combines III-As/P/N HEMTs with reliability and current status in single volume Includes AC/DC modelling and (sub)millimeter wave devices with reliability analysis Covers all theoretical and experimental aspects of HEMTs Discusses AlGaN/GaN transistors Presents DC, RF and breakdown characteristics of HEMTs on various material systems using graphs and plots

Surface Treatments for Biological Chemical and Physical Applications

Surface Treatments for Biological  Chemical and Physical Applications Book
Author : Mehmet Gürsoy,Mustafa Karaman
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-04-10
ISBN : 3527340831
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A step-by-step guide to the topic with a mix of theory and practice in the fields of biology, chemistry and physics. Straightforward and well-structured, the first chapter introduces fundamental aspects of surface treatments, after which examples from nature are given. Subsequent chapters discuss various methods to surface modification, including chemical and physical approaches, followed by the characterization of the functionalized surfaces. Applications discussed include the lotus effect, diffusion barriers, enzyme immobilization and catalysis. Finally, the book concludes with a look at future technology advances. Throughout the text, tutorials and case studies are used for training purposes to grant a deeper understanding of the topic, resulting in an essential reference for students as well as for experienced engineers in R&D.

Polymers Opportunities and Risks I

Polymers   Opportunities and Risks I Book
Author : Peter Eyerer
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-07-31
ISBN : 3540884165
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since their first industrial use polymers have gained a tremendous success. The two volumes of "Polymers - Opportunities and Risks" elaborate on both their potentials and on the impact on the environment arising from their production and applications. Volume 11 "Polymers - Opportunities and Risks I: General and Environmental Aspects" is dedicated to the basics of the engineering of polymers – always with a view to possible environmental implications. Topics include: materials, processing, designing, surfaces, the utilization phase, recycling, and depositing. Volume 12 "Polymers - Opportunities and Risks II: Sustainability, Product Design and Processing" highlights raw materials and renewable polymers, sustainability, additives for manufacture and processing, melt modification, biodegradation, adhesive technologies, and solar applications. All contributions were written by leading experts with substantial practical experience in their fields. They are an invaluable source of information not only for scientists, but also for environmental managers and decision makers.

Medical Coatings and Deposition Technologies

Medical Coatings and Deposition Technologies Book
Author : David Glocker,Shrirang Ranade
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-07-11
ISBN : 1119310512
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Medical Coatings and Deposition Technologies is an important new addition to the libraries of medical device designers and manufacturers. Coatings enable the properties of the surface of a device to be controlled independently from the underlying bulk properties; they are often critical to the performance of the device and their use is rapidly growing. This book provides an introduction to many of the most important types of coatings used on modern medical devices as well as descriptions of the techniques by which they are applied and methods for testing their efficacy. Developers of new medical devices and those responsible for producing them will find it an important reference when deciding if a particular functionality can be provided by a coating and what limitations may apply in a given application. Written as a practical guide and containing many specific coating examples and a large number of references for further reading, the book will also be useful to students in materials science & engineering with an interest in medical devices. Chapters on antimicrobial coatings as well as coatings for biocompatibility, drug delivery, radiopacity and hardness are supported by chapters describing key liquid coating processes, plasma-based processes and chemical vapor deposition. Many types of coatings can be applied by more than one technique and the reader will learn the tradeoffs given the relevant design, manufacturing and economic constraints. The chapter on regulatory considerations provides important perspectives regarding the marketing of these coatings and medical devices.

Advances in Coatings Deposition and Characterization

Advances in Coatings Deposition and Characterization Book
Author : MDPI
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-12-29
ISBN : 3039217380
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Coatings offer the unique opportunity to create architectures that combine the functionality of two or more materials, conferring unique properties to objects with an extremely large palette of solutions. For this flexibility, thick and thin films have terrific impacts on the most relevant societal challenges. Computers, food packaging, airplanes, and cars, to mention a few familiar objects from everyday life, rely heavily on coatings. To celebrate the key role that coatings have in society, and in science and technology, this book collects a selection of relevant reviews and original research articles published in “Coatings” in 2017 and 2018. Papers have been selected based on their broad impact and balancing between the two major aspects of coatings science and technology: deposition and characterization.

Fundamentals of Nanotechnology

Fundamentals of Nanotechnology Book
Author : Gabor L. Hornyak,John J. Moore,H.F. Tibbals,Joydeep Dutta
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-12-14
ISBN : 142004804X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

WINNER 2009 CHOICE AWARD OUTSTANDING ACADEMIC TITLE! Nanotechnology is no longer a subdiscipline of chemistry, engineering, or any other field. It represents the convergence of many fields, and therefore demands a new paradigm for teaching. This textbook is for the next generation of nanotechnologists. It surveys the field’s broad landscape, exploring the physical basics such as nanorheology, nanofluidics, and nanomechanics as well as industrial concerns such as manufacturing, reliability, and safety. The authors then explore the vast range of nanomaterials and systematically outline devices and applications in various industrial sectors. This color text is an ideal companion to Introduction to Nanoscience by the same group of esteemed authors. Both titles are also available as the single volume Introduction to Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Qualifying instructors who purchase either of these volumes (or the combined set) are given online access to a wealth of instructional materials. These include detailed lecture notes, review summaries, slides, exercises, and more. The authors provide enough material for both one- and two-semester courses.

Non woven Fabrics

Non woven Fabrics Book
Author : Han-Yong Jeon
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2016-03-24
ISBN : 9535122711
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Non-woven Fabrics is differentiated text which covers overall stream from raw fibers to final products and includes features of manufacturing and finish process with specialized application end use. Application range of non-woven fabrics is extended to all the industrial fields needless to say apparel, such as ICT (information and communication technology), bio- and medicals, automobiles, architectures, construction and environmental. Every chapter is related to the important and convergent fields with the technical application purpose from downstream to upstream fields. Also, applicability of non-woven fabrics is introduced to be based on the structural analysis of dimensional concept and various non-woven fabrics as a state-of-art embedded convergent material are emphasized in all industry fields by using nanofibers and carbon fibers.

Surface Modification of Magnesium and its Alloys for Biomedical Applications

Surface Modification of Magnesium and its Alloys for Biomedical Applications Book
Author : T.S.N. Sankara Narayanan,Il-Song Park,Min-Ho Lee
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-01-08
ISBN : 1782420827
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Surface modification of magnesium and its alloys for biomedical applications: Biological interactions, mechanical properties and testing, the first of two volumes, is an essential guide on the use of magnesium as a degradable implant material. Due to their excellent biocompatibility and biodegradability, magnesium based degradable implants provide a viable option for the permanent metallic implants. This volume focuses on the fundamental concepts of surface modification of magnesium, its biological interactions, mechanical properties and, in vitro and in vivo testing. The contents of volume 1 is organized and presented in three parts. Part 1 reviews the fundamental aspects of surface modification of magnesium, including surface design, opportunities, challenges and its role in revolutionizing biodegradable biomaterials. Part 2 addresses the biological and mechanical properties covering an in vivo approach to the bioabsorbable behavior of magnesium alloys, mechanical integrity and, the effects of amino acids and proteins on the performance of surface modified magnesium. Part 3 delves in to testing and characterization, exploring the biocompatibility and effects on fatigue life alongside the primary characteristics of surface modified magnesium. All chapters are written by experts, this two volume series provides systematic and thorough coverage of all major modification technologies and coating types of magnesium and its alloys for biomedical applications. Expert analysis of the fundamentals in surface modification of magnesium and its alloys for biomedical applications Includes biological interactions and mechanical properties Focuses on testing and characterisation, as well as biocompatibility

Labs on Chip

Labs on Chip Book
Author : Eugenio Iannone
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-09-03
ISBN : 1351832069
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Labs on Chip: Principles, Design and Technology provides a complete reference for the complex field of labs on chip in biotechnology. Merging three main areas— fluid dynamics, monolithic micro- and nanotechnology, and out-of-equilibrium biochemistry—this text integrates coverage of technology issues with strong theoretical explanations of design techniques. Analyzing each subject from basic principles to relevant applications, this book: Describes the biochemical elements required to work on labs on chip Discusses fabrication, microfluidic, and electronic and optical detection techniques Addresses planar technologies, polymer microfabrication, and process scalability to huge volumes Presents a global view of current lab-on-chip research and development Devotes an entire chapter to labs on chip for genetics Summarizing in one source the different technical competencies required, Labs on Chip: Principles, Design and Technology offers valuable guidance for the lab-on-chip design decision-making process, while exploring essential elements of labs on chip useful both to the professional who wants to approach a new field and to the specialist who wants to gain a broader perspective.

Processing of Wide Band Gap Semiconductors

Processing of  Wide Band Gap Semiconductors Book
Author : S. J. Pearton
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2013-01-15
ISBN : 0080946755
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Wide bandgap semiconductors, made from such materials as GaN, SiC, diamond, and ZnSe, are undergoing a strong resurgence in recent years, principally because of their direct bandgaps, which give them a huge advantage over the indirect gap Sic As an example, more than 10 million blue LEDs using this technology are sold each month, and new, high brightness (15 lumens per watt), long-life white LEDs are under development with the potential to replace incandescent bulbs in many situations. This book provides readers with a broad overview of this rapidly expanding technology, bringing them up to speed on new discoveries and commercial applications. It provides specific technical applications of key processes such as laser diodes, LEDs, and very high temperature electronic controls on engines, focusing on doping, etching, oxidation passivation, growth techniques and more.

Advances In Smart Coatings And Thin Films For Future Industrial and Biomedical Engineering Applications

Advances In Smart Coatings And Thin Films For Future Industrial and Biomedical Engineering Applications Book
Author : Abdel Salam Hamdy Makhlouf,Nedal Yusuf Abu-Thabit
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-10-25
ISBN : 0128118938
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances In Smart Coatings And Thin Films For Future Industrial and Biomedical Engineering Applications discusses in detail, the recent trends in designing, fabricating and manufacturing of smart coatings and thin films for future high-tech. industrial applications related to transportation, aerospace and biomedical engineering. Chapters cover fundamental aspects and diverse approaches used to fabricate smart self-healing anti-corrosion coatings, shape-memory coatings, polymeric and nano-bio-ceramic cotings, bio-inspired and stimuli-responsive coatings for smart surfaces with antibacterial activkity and controlled wettability, and electrically conductive coatings and their emerging applications. With the emphasis on advanced methodologies and recent emerging applications of smart multifunctional coatings and thin films, this book is essential reading for materials scientists and rsearchers working in chemical sciences, advanced materials, sensors, pharmaceutical and biomedical engineering. Discusses the most recent advances and innovations in smart multifunctional coatings and thin films in the transportation, aerospace and biomedical engineering industries Highlights the synthesis methods, processing, testing and characterization of smart coatings and thin films Reviews the current prospects and future trends within the industry

Heterogeneous Photocatalysis

Heterogeneous Photocatalysis Book
Author : Giuseppe Marcì,Leonardo Palmisano
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-02-21
ISBN : 0444640169
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Heterogeneous Photocatalysis: Relationships with Heterogeneous Catalysis and Perspectives highlights the differences between thermal-catalysis and photo-catalysis and indicates borderlines, in particular, the possible synergism between them. The book outlines the basic aspect of thermal- and photo-catalysis, along with the most important characterization techniques. In addition, it presents case studies of thermal-catalytic and photo-catalytic or thermal-photo-catalytic reactions and includes a comparison between the results obtained using an inorganic solid as thermal catalyst and photocatalyst for the same reaction, and in the same setup. Final sections offer information on the preparation methods of (photo)catalysts, various techniques used for their characterization, engineering and economical aspects. This book will be a valuable reference source for students and researchers involved in heterogeneous photocatalysis and catalysis, chemistry, chemical engineering, materials science, materials engineering, environment engineering, nanotechnology and green chemistry. Provides selective methods for the preparation of microcrystalline/nanocrystalline solids or films used in catalytic and photocatalytic processes Describes (photo)reactions that can be carried out catalytically and/or photocatalytically Outlines the different mechanisms, yields and experimental conditions under which photocatalytic reactions can take place Describes various (photo)reactors and set ups under which the photacatalytic reactions can be carried out Provides an economic assessment to understand the feasibility of some photocatalytic reactions

Cyber Physical and Gentelligent Systems in Manufacturing and Life Cycle

Cyber Physical and Gentelligent Systems in Manufacturing and Life Cycle Book
Author : Berend Denkena,Tobias Morke
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-06-07
ISBN : 0128126000
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cyber-Physical and Gentelligent Systems in Manufacturing and Life Cycle explores the latest technologies resulting from the integration of sensing components throughout the production supply chain, and the resulting possibilities to improve efficiency, flexibility, and product quality. The authors present cutting edge research into data storage in components, communication devices, data acquisition, as well as new industrial applications. Detailed technical descriptions of the tools are presented in addition to discussions of how these systems have been used, the benefits they provide, and what industry problems they could tackle in the future. This is essential reading for researchers and production engineers interested in the potential of cyber physical systems to optimize all parts of the supply chain. Addresses applications of cyber physical systems throughout the product lifecycle, including design, manufacture, and maintenance Features five industry case studies examining tools in different stages of the production chain Provides an invaluable recap of 12 years of advances in digitization of production processes and the implementation of intelligent systems Explores how these technologies could be used to solve problems in the future