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Handbook Of Motivation And Cognition Across Cultures

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Handbook of Motivation and Cognition Across Cultures

Handbook of Motivation and Cognition Across Cultures Book
Author : Richard Sorrentino,Susumu Yamaguchi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-04-28
ISBN : 9780080560007
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent years there has been a wealth of new research in cognition, particularly in relation to supporting theoretical constructs about how cognitions are formed, processed, reinforced, and how they then affect behavior. Many of these theories have arisen and been tested in geographic isolation. It remains to be seen whether theories that purport to describe cognition in one culture will equally prove true in other cultures. The Handbook of Motivation and Cognition Across Cultures is the first book to look at these theories specifically with culture in mind. The book investigates universal truths about motivation and cognition across culture, relative to theories and findings indicating cultural differences. Coverage includes the most widely cited researchers in cognition and their theories- as seen through the looking glass of culture. The chapters include self-regulation by Tory Higgins, unconscious thought by John Bargh, attribution theory by Bernie Weiner, and self-verification by Bill Swann, among others. The book additionally includes some of the best new researchers in cross-cultural psychology, with contributors from Germany, New Zealand, Japan, Hong Kong, and Australia. In the future, culture may be the litmus test of a theory before it is accepted, and this book brings this question to the forefront of cognition research. Includes contributions from researchers from Germany, New Zealand, Japan, Hong Kong, and Australia for a cross-cultural panel Provides a unique perspective on the effect of culture on scientific theories and data

Motivation for Learning and Performance

Motivation for Learning and Performance Book
Author : Bobby Hoffman
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-06-20
ISBN : 0128011254
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Designed for educators, researchers, practitioners, or anyone interested in maximizing human potential, Motivation for Learning and Performance outlines 50 key motivation principles based on the latest scientific evidence from the disciplines of psychology, education, business, athletics, and neurology. Using a highly applied and conversational style, the book is designed to inform the reader about how to diagnosis, analyze, and mediate learning and performance challenges influenced by motivation. The book features chapters on the biopsychology of motivation, how motivation changes across the lifespan, and the important influence of culture on motivated behavior. Three chapters are devoted to practical strategies and the implementation of motivational change. Special sections are included on enhancing motivation at work, in the classroom, in competitive environments, and during online education. Hoffman employs the innovative approach of using his interviews with "real" people including many notable personalities across diverse cultures and disciplines to illustrate motivated behavior. For example, readers will learn what motivated the colossal investment fraud masterminded by Bernie Madoff, the intimate thoughts of former NFL superstar Nick Lowery when he missed a field goal, and the joys and tribulations of Emmy-nominated "Curb your Enthusiasm" actress Cheryl Hines. The book provides a practical, applied, and multi-disciplinary resource for anyone interested in motivation and performance, but especially for university students at the graduate or undergraduate level studying education, psychology, business, leadership, hospitality, sports management, or military science. Additionally, the writing style and eclectic nature of the text will appeal to readers of non-fiction who can use the book to gain self-awareness to enhance performance of themselves or others. Considers motivation for both learning and performance Identifies 50 foundational principles relating to motivation Provides research evidence supporting the foundational principles Includes interviews from famous individuals, identifying what motivated them and why Includes research from psychology, education, neuroscience, business, and sports

Handbook of Theories of Social Psychology

Handbook of Theories of Social Psychology Book
Author : Paul A M Van Lange,Arie W Kruglanski,E Tory Higgins
Publisher : SAGE
Release : 2011-08-31
ISBN : 1473971373
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Providing a comprehensive exploration of the major developments of social psychological theories that have taken place over the past half century, this innovative two-volume handbook is a state of the art overview of the primary theories and models that have been developed in this vast and fascinating field. Authored by leading international experts, each chapter represents a personal and historical narrative of the theory's development including the inspirations, critical junctures, and problem-solving efforts that effected theoretical choices and determined the theory's impact and its evolution. Unique to this handbook, these narratives provide a rich background for understanding how theories are created, nurtured, and shaped over time, and examining their unique contribution to the field as a whole. To examine its societal impact, each theory is evaluated in terms of its applicability to better understanding and solving critical social issues and problems.

Culture across the Curriculum

Culture across the Curriculum Book
Author : Kenneth D. Keith
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2018-04-12
ISBN : 1108119018
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Culture across the Curriculum provides a useful handbook for psychology teachers in the major subfields of the discipline. From introductory psychology to the foundations in such areas as social psychology, statistics, research methods, memory, cognition, personality, and development, to such specialized courses as language, sexual minorities, and peace psychology, there is something here for virtually every teacher of psychology. In addition to discussions of the rationale for inclusion of cultural context in their areas of specialization, these experienced teachers also offer advice and ideas for teaching exercises and activities to support the teaching of a psychology of all people.

Handbook of Advances in Culture and Psychology

Handbook of Advances in Culture and Psychology Book
Author : Michele J. Gelfand,Chi-yue Chiu,Ying-Yi Hong
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2016-03-21
ISBN : 0190458852
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With applications throughout the social sciences, culture and psychology is a rapidly growing field that has experienced a surge in publications over the last decade. From this proliferation of books, chapters, and journal articles, exciting developments have emerged in the relationship of culture to cognitive processes, human development, psychopathology, social behavior, organizational behavior, neuroscience, language, marketing and other topics. In recognition of this exponential growth, Advances in culture and psychology is the first annual series to offer state-of-the-art reviews of scholarly research in the growing field of culture and psychology. Comprising chapters from internationally renowned culture scholars and representing diversity in the theory and study of culture within psychology, Advances in culture and psychology is an ideal resource for research programs and academics throughout the psychology community.

Why Do We Do What We Do

Why Do We Do What We Do  Book
Author : Ramsay MacMullen
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2014-12-02
ISBN : 3110417596
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Why we do what we do is a matter of great interest to everyone, and everyone seems to have had their say about it – philosophers, sociologists, anthropologists, psychologists, economists, and historians perhaps the most, case by case. Occasionally the specialists have offered their ideas to a general readership, but mostly they prefer to speak to and with their fellows in their particular disciplines. To evaluate and compare their findings in a cross-disciplinary way is now for the first time attempted, by Ramsay MacMullen. Emeritus history professor from Yale University, he is the recipient of various academic awards, including a lifetime Award for Scholarly Distinction from the American Historical Association

The Psychological and Cultural Foundations of East Asian Cognition

The Psychological and Cultural Foundations of East Asian Cognition Book
Author : Julie Spencer-Rodgers,Kaiping Peng
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2018
ISBN : 0199348545
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The unprecedented economic growth in many East Asian societies in the few past decades have placed the region center stage, and increasing globalization has made East-West cultural understanding of even greater importance today. The Psychological and Cultural Foundations of East Asian Cognition is one of the most comprehensive volumes on East Asian cognition and thinking styles to date, and is one of the first to bring together a large body of empirical research on na�ve dialecticism and analytic/holistic thinking theories stemming from Richard Nisbett's highly influential The Geography of Thought. Edited by Julie Spencer-Rodgers and Kaiping Peng, The Psychological and Cultural Foundations of East Asian Cognition expertly examines the psychological, philosophical, and cultural underpinnings and consequences of these thinking theories for human thought, emotion, and behavior. In the past couple of decades, research on this topic has flourished, and East-West cultural differences have been documented in almost all aspects of the human condition, from the manner in which people reason and make decisions, conceptualize themselves and those around them, to how they cope with stress and mental illness, and interact with others, including romantic partners and social groups. Contributions to this volume cover such fascinating and diverse topics as cultural neuroscience and the brain, lifespan development, attitudes and group perception, romantic relationships, the adoption of foreign mindsets and perspectives, creativity, emotion, the self-concept, racial and ethnic identity, psychopathology, and coping processes and wellbeing. Further, the research featured within this volume has practical implications for business and organizational management, international relations and politics, education, and clinical and counseling psychology, and may be of particular interest to business professionals, managers in government and non-profit sectors, as well as educators and clinicians working with East Asians and Americans of East Asian descent.

Handbook of Chinese Organizational Behavior

Handbook of Chinese Organizational Behavior Book
Author : Xu Huang,Michael Harris Bond
Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
Release : 2012-01-01
ISBN : 085793340X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

ÔI was once approached by a colleague with the question, ÒYouÕre an expert on China, right?Ó My reply was, ÒNo, I donÕt think anyone is an expert on ChinaÓ. This book is essential study for those travelling in that direction.Õ Ð Romie Frederik Littrell, Journal of International Business This state-of-the-art Handbook encompasses theoretical and empirical research on Chinese organizational behavior over the last two decades of its renaissance, with prominent scholars providing critical reviews of empirical studies in Chinese societies on 14 important topics. This comprehensive Handbook explores limitations and challenges arising from attempts to develop indigenous theories and constructs applicable to Chinese social reality. Key contributors integrate the literature in their topic areas, providing directions for pushing forward the frontiers of research into a more culturally sensitive and powerful representation of Chinese organizational behavior. Areas examined include emotional intelligence, creativity and motivation, leadership, team conflicts, trust, power and business ethics. Experienced practitioner input is included. Scholars interested in research on international business and Chinese work behaviors and their effective management will find much of value in this compilation. Students of management, including organizational behavior, human resource management, strategic management, and international management will also find information and guidance that will prove invaluable as will practitioners who have business connections in China and other Chinese societies.

Routledge International Handbook of Consumer Psychology

Routledge International Handbook of Consumer Psychology Book
Author : Cathrine V. Jansson-Boyd,Magdalena J. Zawisza
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2016-11-18
ISBN : 1317539931
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This unique handbook maps the growing field of consumer psychology in its increasingly global context. With contributions from over 70 scholars across four continents, the book reflects the cross-cultural and multidisciplinary character of the field. Chapters relate the key consumer concepts to the progressive globalization of markets in which consumers act and consumption takes place. The book is divided into seven sections, offering a truly comprehensive reference work that covers: The historical foundations of the discipline and the rise of globalization The role of cognition and multisensory perception in consumers’ judgements The social self, identity and well-being, including their relation to advertising Social and cultural influences on consumption, including politics and religion Decision making, attitudes and behaviorally based research Sustainable consumption and the role of branding The particularities of online settings in framing and affecting behavior The Routledge International Handbook of Consumer Psychology will be essential reading for anyone interested in how the perceptions, feelings and values of consumers interact with the decisions they make in relation to products and services in a global context. It will also be key reading for students and researchers across psychology and marketing, as well as professionals interested in a deeper understanding of the field.

Handbook of Cultural Psychology Second Edition

Handbook of Cultural Psychology  Second Edition Book
Author : Dov Cohen,Shinobu Kitayama
Publisher : Guilford Publications
Release : 2019-02-15
ISBN : 1462536239
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Now completely revised (over 90% new), this handbook offers the authoritative presentation of theories, methods, and applications in the dynamic field of cultural psychology. Leading authorities review state-of-the-art empirical research on how culture affects nearly every aspect of human functioning. The volume examines how topics fundamental to psychology--such as cognition, emotion, motivation, development, and mental health--are influenced by cultural meanings and practices. It also addresses the psychological and evolutionary underpinnings of cultural stability and change. The second edition reflects important advances in cultural neuroscience and an increasing emphasis on application, among many other changes. New to This Edition: *Most chapters are new, reflecting nearly a decade of theoretical and methodological developments. *Cutting-edge perspectives on culture and biology, including innovative neuroscientific and biopsychological research. *Section on economic behavior, with new topics including money, negotiation, consumer behavior, and innovation. *Section on the expansion of cultural approaches into religion, social class, subcultures, and race. *Reflects the growth of real-world applications in such areas as cultural learning and adjustment, health and well-being, and terrorism.

Positive Psychological Intervention Design and Protocols for Multi Cultural Contexts

Positive Psychological Intervention Design and Protocols for Multi Cultural Contexts Book
Author : Llewellyn Ellardus Van Zyl,Sebastiaan Rothmann Sr.
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-06-11
ISBN : 3030200205
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume presents innovative and contemporary methodologies and intervention protocols for the enhancement of positive psychological attributes in multicultural professional and organizational contexts. Most methods, models and approaches that underpin positive psychological interventions are confined to clinical samples, closed systems or monocultural contexts, which restrict their applicability to particular contexts. Extensive practical intervention protocols, designs and methods which usually accompany first draft intervention papers are condensed into brief paragraphs in final manuscripts or removed in their entirety. This, in turn, reduces their potential for replicability or adoption by consumers, practitioners, or industry. This volume develops guidelines for enhancing positive psychological attributes, such as positive moods (e.g. positive affect; life satisfaction), strengths (e.g. gratitude; humour), cognitions (e.g. hope; optimism) and behaviours (e.g. emotional regulation; positive relationship building) within various multicultural contexts. Thereby, it shows how positive psychology interventions can be replicated to a wide-range of contexts beyond those in which they were developed.

The Motivation Cognition Interface

The Motivation Cognition Interface Book
Author : Catalina E. Kopetz,Ayelet Fishbach
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-09-11
ISBN : 1351694693
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume honors the work of Arie W. Kruglanski. It represents a collection of chapters written by Arie’s former students, friends, and collaborators. The chapters are rather diverse and cover a variety of topics from politics, including international terrorism, to health related issues, such as addiction and self-control, to basic psychological principles, such as motivation and self-regulation, the formation of attitudes, social influence, and interpersonal relationships. What these chapters have in common is that they have all been inspired by Arie’s revolutionary work on human motivation and represent the authors’ attempt to apply the basic principles of motivation to the understanding of diverse phenomena.

Neuroscience in Intercultural Contexts

Neuroscience in Intercultural Contexts Book
Author : Jason E Warnick,Dan Landis
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-05-18
ISBN : 1493922602
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This breakthrough volume brings together cultural neuroscience and intercultural relations in an expansive presentation. Its selected topics in reasoning, memory, and other key cognitive areas bridge the neuroscience behind culture-related phenomena with the complex social processes involved in seeing the world through the perspective of others. Coverage ranges beyond the familiar paradigms of acculturation and cultural differences to propose new ideas of potential benefit to the new generation of immigrants, negotiators, executives, and other travelers. Taken together, these chapters offer a deeper understanding of issues that can only become more important as the world becomes smaller and our global family larger. Among the topics featured: Intergroup relationship and empathy for others' pain: a social neuroscience approach. The neuroscience of bilingualism: cross-linguistic influences and cognitive effects. Cross-cultural reading the mind in the eyes and its consequences for international relations. Implications of behavioral and neuroscience research for cross-cultural training. Intercultural relations and the perceptual brain: a cognitive neuroscience perspective. How social dynamics shape our understanding of reality. With its elegant perspectives and empirical depth, Neuroscience in Intercultural Contexts is a forward-looking reference for researchers in the cultural sciences (cross-cultural psychologists, anthropologists, etc.) and in social, affective, and cognitive neuroscience.

Advances in Design for Cross Cultural Activities

Advances in Design for Cross Cultural Activities Book
Author : Denise M. Nicholson,Dylan D. Schmorrow
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-07-11
ISBN : 1466556870
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume explores decision-making styles, including cooperative, collaborative, avoidant, competitive, and dominate that are commonly modified by the culture. Culture is not a stagnant phenomenon, and many variables need to be considered to accurately evaluation cultural differences in decision-making styles. Among many cultural factors, the individual ("I" culture) – collectivism ("we" culture) dimension is one of the most important influential factor to be considered when studying culture difference, including decision-making styles.

The Influence of Cultural Contexts in Learners Attributions for Success and Failure in Foreign Language Learning

The Influence of Cultural Contexts in Learners  Attributions for Success and Failure in Foreign Language Learning Book
Author : Ana Sofia Gonzalez
Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Release : 2015-10-05
ISBN : 1443884480
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Attribution theory has attracted considerable attention in recent years, especially in the field of language learning. A great share of the research conducted in this area has attempted to uncover factors that could influence learners’ perceptions of success and failure in foreign language learning. Particular emphasis has been given to factors like age, gender, perceived level of success, and language studied, and some suggestions that learners’ cultures also play a part have been made, although conclusions based on researchers’ assumptions of learners’ culture characteristics can run the risk of falling into stereotyping. This book is the result of research conducted to show that learners’ cultural characteristics (previously researched and analysed by means of grounded theory and factor analysis) may influence not only the attributions mentioned by them for their successes and failures in learning English, but also the way learners see these attributions in terms of their dimensions of locus of causality, stability and controllability (a classification that has been regarded as common-sense and has, therefore, often been made by researchers themselves). This book will be of interest to scholars whose research focus is in theories of motivation and self-theories, especially as they are applied to learning in general, and language learning in particular. It will also be useful to language teachers, especially those working in foreign language learning contexts as they are in a good position to identify reasons for their learners’ lack of motivation caused by their success and failure perceptions, and may have some ideas on how to retrain learners’ attributions, particularly those which are more external and stable.

Nonverbal Communication Science and Applications

Nonverbal Communication  Science and Applications Book
Author : David Matsumoto,Mark G. Frank,Hyi Sung Hwang
Publisher : SAGE
Release : 2013
ISBN : 1412999308
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Edited by leading authorities on nonverbal behavior, this book examines state-of-the-art research and knowledge regarding nonverbal behavior and applies that scientific knowledge to a broad range of fields. It presents a true scientist-practitioner model, blending cutting-edge behavioral science with real-world practical experience. Part I provides up-to-date reviews of scientific knowledge concerning facial expressions, voice, body and gesture, cultural influences on nonverbal behavior, and deception. In Part II, experienced practitioners describe how they use nonverbal communication in their work to improve accuracy and proficiency. This book is a valuable resource for students, practitioners, and professionals to discover the science behind the practice and to see how other professionals have incorporated nonverbal communication into practice.

Oxford Companion to Emotion and the Affective Sciences

Oxford Companion to Emotion and the Affective Sciences Book
Author : David Sander,Klaus Scherer
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2014-02-06
ISBN : 0191021008
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Few areas have witnessed the type of growth we have seen in the affective sciences in the past decades. Across psychology, philosophy, economics, and neuroscience, there has been an explosion of interest in the topic of emotion and affect. Comprehensive, authoritative, up-to-date, and easy-to-use, the new Oxford Companion to Emotion and the Affective Sciences is an indispensable resource for all who wish to find out about theories, concepts, methods, and research findings in this rapidly growing interdisciplinary field - one that brings together, amongst others, psychologists, neuroscientists, social scientists, philosophers, and historians. Organized by alphabetical entries, and presenting brief definitions, concise overviews, and encyclopaedic articles (all with extensive references to relevant publications), this Companion lends itself to casual browsing by non-specialists interested in the fascinating phenomena of emotions, moods, affect disorders, and personality as well as to focused search for pertinent information by students and established scholars in the field. Not only does the book provide entries on affective phenomena, but also on their neural underpinnings, their cognitive antecedents and the associated responses in physiological systems, facial, vocal, and bodily expressions, and action tendencies. Numerous entries also consider the role of emotion in society and social behavior, as well as in cognitive processes such as those critical for perception, attention, memory, judgement and decision-making. The volume has been edited by a group of internationally leading authorities in the respective disciplines consisting of two editors (David Sander and Klaus Scherer) as well as group of 11 associate editors (John T. Cacioppo, Tim Dalgleish, Robert Dantzer, Richard J. Davidson, Ronald B. de Sousa, Phoebe C. Ellsworth, Nico Frijda, George Loewenstein, Paula M. Niedenthal, Peter Salovey, and Richard A. Shweder). The members of the editorial board have commissioned and reviewed contributions from major experts on specific topics. In addition to comprehensive coverage of technical terms and fundamental issues, the volume also highlights current debates that inform the ongoing research process. In addition, the Companion contains a wealth of material on the role of emotion in applied domains such as economic behaviour, music and arts, work and organizational behaviour, family interactions and group dynamics, religion, law and justice, and societal change. Highly accessible and wide-ranging, this book is a vital resource for scientists, students, and professionals eager to obtain a rapid, conclusive overview on central terms and topics and anyone wanting to learn more about the mechanisms underlying the emotions dominating many aspects of our lives.

Advances in Culture and Psychology

Advances in Culture and Psychology Book
Author : Ying-yi Hong
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2013-07-29
ISBN : 0199336733
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With applications throughout the social sciences, culture and psychology is a rapidly growing field that has experienced a surge in publications over the last decade. From this proliferation of books, chapters, and journal articles, exciting developments have emerged in the relationship of culture to cognitive processes, human development, psychopathology, social behavior, organizational behavior, neuroscience, language, marketing, and other topics. In recognition of this exponential growth, Advances in Culture and Psychology is the first annual series to offer state-of-the-art reviews of scholarly research in the growing field of culture and psychology. The Advances in Culture and Psychology series is: * Developing an intellectual home for culture and psychology research programs * Fostering bridges and connections among cultural scholars from across the discipline * Creating a premier outlet for culture and psychology research * Publishing articles that reflect the theoretical, methodological, and epistemological diversity in the study of culture and psychology * Enhancing the collective identity of the culture and psychology field Comprising chapters from internationally renowned culture scholars and representing diversity in the theory and study of culture within psychology, Advances in Culture and Psychology is an ideal resource for research programs and academics throughout the psychology community.

Supporting Multiculturalism in Open and Distance Learning Spaces

Supporting Multiculturalism in Open and Distance Learning Spaces Book
Author : Toprak, Elif,Kumtepe, Evrim Genc
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2017-11-03
ISBN : 1522530770
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The growing interest in transnational cooperation in education across borders has different implications for developed and developing countries. It is true that globalization affects all societies, but not at the same speed and magnitude. Supporting Multiculturalism in Open and Distance Learning Spaces is a critical scholarly resource that examines cultural issues and challenges in distance education arising from the convergence of theoretical, administrative, instructional, communicational, and technological dimensions of global education. Featuring coverage on a broad range of topics such as cultural diversity, interaction in distance education, and culturally sensitive intuitional design, this book is geared towards school administrators, universities and colleges, policy makers, organizations, and researchers.

Understanding Culture

Understanding Culture Book
Author : Robert S. Wyer,Chi-yue Chiu,Ying-yi Hong
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2013-05-13
ISBN : 1136642900
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume contains contributions from 24 internationally known scholars covering a broad spectrum of interests in cross-cultural theory and research. This breadth is reflected in the diversity of the topics covered in the volume, which include theoretical approaches to cross-cultural research, the dimensions of national cultures and their measurement, ecological and economic foundations of culture, cognitive, perceptual and emotional manifestations of culture, and bicultural and intercultural processes. In addition to the individual chapters, the volume contains a dialog among 14 experts in the field on a number of issues of concern in cross-cultural research, including the relation of psychological studies of culture to national development and national policies, the relationship between macro structures of a society and shared cognitions, the integration of structural and process models into a coherent theory of culture, how personal experiences and cultural traditions give rise to intra-cultural variation, whether culture can be validly measured by self-reports, the new challenges that confront cultural psychology, and whether psychology should strive to eliminate culture as an explanatory variable.