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Handbook Of Microdialysis

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Handbook of Microdialysis

Handbook of Microdialysis Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2007-02-02
ISBN : 0080469663
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microdialysis is currently one of the most important in vivo sampling methods in physiology and pharmacology. It is used to determine the chemical components of the fluid in the extracellular space of tissues. The technique is now well established in neuroscience research and is used excessively in behavioral neuroscience to determine the concentrations and identities of molecules in brain tissues, and their change due to behavior, hormonal and transmitter changes in the nervous system. The book provides a detailed comprehensive overview of the technology and its applications, including application in pathology, drug development, and the application in the clinic. The authors are all well known researchers in Neuroscience and experts in the use of Microdialysis. Organized into two parts of seven sections, the Handbook of Microdialysis critically examines recent developments in the field through a variety of chapters written by an internationally acclaimed group of authors. It is the first comprehensive handbook covering the technology of Microdialysis and its applications in Neuroscience. * Presents microdialysis methods and interpretation including the technical aspects of microdialysis as a sampling technique followed by the analytical chemical methods * Discusses the role of microdialysis in pharmacology, drug development and models of CNS pathology * Includes clinical applications of microdialysis

Microdialysis in the Neurosciences

Microdialysis in the Neurosciences Book
Author : Terry E. Robinson,J. B. Justice
Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
Release : 1991
ISBN : 9780444893758
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Until very recently most experimental studies on brain chemistry were conducted with postmortem tissue. However, because of shortcomings with postmortem methods and also the desire to directly relate neurochemistry to behavior, there has been a rapid growth of interest towards in vivo neurochemical methods. The recent availability of small diameter hollow dialysis fibres and very sensitive analytical techniques has made microdialysis practical for the routine measurement of many endogenous neurochemicals in vivo. With its adoption in the neurosciences as the preferred technique for in vivo sampling, microdialysis techniques provide the focus for this present volume. This book provides a single reference source for detailed methodological information on the conduct of microdialysis experiments for studying neurotransmitter dynamics in vivo. The emphasis is on practical considerations, and contributors have been encouraged to share their "tricks of the trade" to help other researchers quickly and easily adopt these methodologies in their own laboratories. A comprehensive overview of developments in microdialysis technology and allied analytical techniques is provided, both thought-provoking to experienced researchers, as well as a valuable aid to novices establishing these techniques for themselves.

Handbook of Non Invasive Methods and the Skin Second Edition

Handbook of Non Invasive Methods and the Skin  Second Edition Book
Author : Jorgen Serup,Gregor B. E. Jemec,Gary L. Grove
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2006-02-23
ISBN : 1420003305
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Firmly established as the leading international reference in this field, Non-Invasive Methods and the Skin broke new ground with its comprehensive coverage of methods used in both clinical and experimental dermatology. Completely revised and updated, containing more than twice as much information, the Second Edition continues the tradition. The authors' thorough research and clear organization make this book a baseline reference for those using noninvasive biophysical methods to study the skin. Arranged by physical modality and structured to provide educational and practical information, the second edition, like its predecessor, will prove to be of value to young researchers and senior scientists alike. The coverage of major evaluation and measurement methods share a consistent format, including scope, sources of error, application, and validity. This edition incorporates 69 revised chapters with more than 90 new chapters covering topics such as computer technique, imaging techniques, skin friction, barrier functions, and more. New chapters provide coverage of: computers, computer techniques, and image analysis imaging techniques, including clinical photography legal situations and guidelines behind instrumental use skin friction barrier functions important new techniques such as in vitro confocal microscopy, OCT, and Raman spectroscopy veterinary/animal research use of methods The truly interdisciplinary, international panel of contributors includes experts from the specialties of dermatology, bioengineering, pathology, manufacturing engineering, medical physics, pharmacology, microbiology, neurology, surgery, obstetrics and gynecology, cardiovascular research, and pharmacy from academic institutions and hospitals in countries such as Denmark, Germany, the United Kingdom, the United States, Japan, Israel, Taiwan, and Singapore. The revision is extensive and covers a broad spectrum of methods while providing the same caliber of authoritative information that made the previous edition so popular. Application oriented, practical, and instructive, this Second Edition will meet the needs of the researchers today, and in years to come.

Handbook of Neurochemistry and Molecular Neurobiology

Handbook of Neurochemistry and Molecular Neurobiology Book
Author : Glen Baker,Susan Dunn,Abel Lajtha,Andrew Holt
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0387303596
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Handbook is intended to be a service to the neuroscience community, to help in finding available and useful information, to point out gaps in our knowledge, and to encourage continued studies. It represents the valuable contributions of the many authors of the chapters and the guidance of the editors and most important, it represents support for research in this discipline. Based on the rapid advances in the years since the second edition

Microdialysis in Drug Development

Microdialysis in Drug Development Book
Author : Markus M Ller
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-09-11
ISBN : 146144814X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In vivo target site concentrations are probably the most important determinant of drug effects. Traditionally, linking drug concentrations to drug effects has been accomplished by modelling blood-derived data, mostly because a direct quantification of tissue concentrations has been beyond technical reach. Today, a direct measurement of target site concentrations is possible by employing microdialysis or complementary approaches such as imaging technologies. Microdialysis, initially conceived in the 1970ies, has become a standard tool in drug development. This comprehensive overview of current microdialysis technology covers general and disease-specific aspects of microdialysis by international experts in the field. It provides useful information for colleagues in academia and industry who are interested PK-PD aspects of drug development.

Handbook of Anticancer Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics

Handbook of Anticancer Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics Book
Author : Michelle A. Rudek,Cindy H. Chau,William D. Figg,Howard L. McLeod
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2014-01-10
ISBN : 1461491355
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There are many steps on the road from discovery of an anticancer drug to securing its final approval by the Food and Drug Administration. In this thoroughly updated and expanded second edition of the Handbook of Anticancer Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics, leading investigators synthesize an invaluable overview of the experimental and clinical processes of anticancer drug development, creating a single indispensable reference that covers all the steps from the identification of cancer-specific molecular targets to screening techniques and the development and validation of bioanalytical methods to clinical trial design and all phases of clinical trials. The authors have included new material on phase 0 trials in oncology, organ dysfunction trials, drug formulations and their impact on anticancer drug PK/PD including strategies to improve drug delivery, pharmacogenomics and cancer therapy, high throughput platforms in drug metabolism and transport pharmacogenetics, imaging in drug development and nanotechnology in cancer. Authoritative and up-to-date, Handbook of Anticancer Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics, 2nd Edition provides in one comprehensive and highly practical volume a detailed step-by-step guide to the successful design and approval of anticancer drugs. Road map to anticancer drug development from discovery to NDA submission Discussion of molecular targets and preclinical screening Development and validation of bioanalytical methods Chapters on clinical trial design and phase 0, I, II, III clinical trials Pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, pharmacogenomics, and pharmacogenetics of anticancer agents Review of the drug development process from both laboratory and clinical perspectives New technological advances in imaging, high throughput platforms, and nanotechnology in anticancer drug development

Handbook of Anticancer Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics

Handbook of Anticancer Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics Book
Author : William D. Figg,Howard L. McLeod
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2004-03-26
ISBN : 1592597343
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Leading investigators synthesize the entire laboratory and clinical process of developing anticancer drugs to create a single indispensable reference that covers all the steps from the identification of cancer-specific targets to phase III clinical trials. These expert authors provide their best guidance on a wide variety of issues, including clinical trial design, preclinical screening, and the development and validation of bioanalytic methods. The chapters on identifying agents to test in phase III trials and on trial design for the approval of new anticancer agents offer a unique roadmap for moving an agent to NDA submission.

Handbook of Capillary Electrophoresis Second Edition

Handbook of Capillary Electrophoresis  Second Edition Book
Author : James P. Landers
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1996-12-23
ISBN : 9780849324987
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Because new information was discovered at an incredible rate since the publication of the successful first edition of this Handbook, this fully updated second edition covers all areas of interest in the field of capillary electrophoresis (CE). A relatively new technology, CE is a principle method for studying the physicochemical properties of proteins, peptides, and other macromolecules. Where applicable, the 30 chapters provide basic underlying theories as well as application-oriented aspects of each technique.Keep up with all the developments in this growing field with the Handbook of Capillary Electrophoresis, Second Edition - a complete guide to the fundamentals of CE and the latest research. The chapters are organized into five units: Modes: Presents a theoretical development of the basic principles governing separation with several modes, including CEC, and discusses their practical aspects. Analyte: Applies CE to the analysis of a specific class of analytes, including organic and inorganic ions, pharmaceuticals, glycoconjugates, peptides, proteins, and DNA fragments. Fundamental Aspects of CE: Technique-oriented information for the practitioner, including the importance of the sample matrix, on-line preconcentration of samples, modes of detection, and specific aspects of CE data analysis. Applications of CE: Includes single cell analysis, CE in DNA sequencing, CE as a clinical diagnostic tool, identifying and quantifying drugs, and for characterizing interacting species. Specialized Aspects of CE: Discusses interfacing CE with mass spectrometry, high-volume throughput continuous CE, microchip CE, control of EOF, and much more. The Handbook of Capillary Electrophoresis, Second Edition, pulls together diverse areas and applications of CE, resulting in an excellent tool for scientists involved in biotechnology and clinical chemistry, as well as the pharmaceutical, bioscience, chemical, and instrument-manufacturing industries. With an applications-oriented focus, the handbook is also a superb manual for workshops, seminars, and graduate courses in separation science.

Handbook of the Behavioral Neurobiology of Serotonin

Handbook of the Behavioral Neurobiology of Serotonin Book
Author : Christian P. Muller,Barry Jacobs
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2009-12-30
ISBN : 9780080878171
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, often cited as 5-HT) is one of the major excitatory neurotransmitter, and the serotonergic system is one of the best studied and understood transmitter systems. It is crucially involved in the organization of virtually all behaviours and in the regulation of emotion and mood. Alterations in the serotonergic system, induced by e.g. learning or pathological processes, underlie behavioural plasticity and changes in mood, which can finally results in abnormal behaviour and psychiatric conditions. Not surprisingly, the serotonergic system and its functional components appear to be targets for a multitude of pharmacological treatments - examples of very successful drugs targeting the serotoninergic system include Prozac and Zoloft. The last decades of research have not only fundamentally expanded our view on serotonin but also revealed in much more detail an astonishing complexity of this system, which comprises a multitude of receptors and signalling pathways. A detailed view on its role in basal, but also complex, behaviours emerged, and, was presented in a number of single review articles. Although much is known now, the serotonergic system is still a fast growing field of research contributing to our present understanding of the brains function during normal and disturbed behaviour. This handbook aims towards a detailed and comprehensive overview over the many facets of behavioural serotonin research. As such, it will provide the most up to date and thorough reading concerning the serotonergic systems control of behaviour and mood in animals and humans. The goal is to create a systematic overview and first hand reference that can be used by students and scholars alike in the fields of genetics, anatomy, pharmacology, physiology, behavioural neuroscience, pathology, and psychiatry. The chapters in this book will be written by leading scientists in this field. Most of them have already written excellent reviews in their field of expertise. The book is divided in 4 sections. After an historical introduction, illustrating the growth of ideas about serotonin function in behaviour of the last forty years, section A will focus on the functional anatomy of the serotonergic system. Section B provides a review of the neurophysiology of the serotonergic system and its single components. In section C the involvement of serotonin in behavioural organization will be discussed in great detail, while section D deals with the role of serotonin in behavioural pathologies and psychiatric disorders. The first handbook broadly discussing the behavioral neurobiology of the serotonorgic transmitter system Co-edited by one of the pioneers and opinion leaders of the past decades, Barry Jacobs (Princeton), with an international list (10 countries) of highly regarded contributors providing over 50 chapters, and including the leaders in the field in number of articles and citations: K. P. Lesch, T. Sharp, A. Caspi, P. Blier, G.K. Aghajanian, E. C. Azmitia, and others The only integrated and complete resource on the market containing the best information integrating international research, providing a global perspective to an international community Of great value not only for researchers and experts, but also for students and clinicians as a background reference

Handbook of Solid Phase Microextraction

Handbook of Solid Phase Microextraction Book
Author : Janusz Pawliszyn
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-11-29
ISBN : 0123914493
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The relatively new technique of solid phase microextraction (SPME) is an important tool to prepare samples both in the lab and on-site. SPME is a "green" technology because it eliminates organic solvents from analytical laboratory and can be used in environmental, food and fragrance, and forensic and drug analysis. This handbook offers a thorough background of the theory and practical implementation of SPME. SPME protocols are presented outlining each stage of the method and providing useful tips and potential pitfalls. In addition, devices and fiber coatings, automated SPME systems, SPME method development, and In Vivo applications are discussed. This handbook is essential for its discussion of the latest SPME developments as well as its in depth information on the history, theory, and practical application of the method. Practical application of Solid Phase Microextraction methods including detailed steps Provides history of extraction methods to better understand the process Suitable for all levels, from beginning student to experienced practitioner

Coupling in Vivo Microdialysis Sampling to Mass Spectrometry to Detect Neuropeptides in a Decapod Crustacean

Coupling in Vivo Microdialysis Sampling to Mass Spectrometry to Detect Neuropeptides in a Decapod Crustacean Book
Author : Heidi Leigh Behrens
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Coupling in Vivo Microdialysis Sampling to Mass Spectrometry to Detect Neuropeptides in a Decapod Crustacean book written by Heidi Leigh Behrens, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Handbook of Neuroendocrinology

Handbook of Neuroendocrinology Book
Author : George Fink,Donald W. Pfaff,Jon E. Levine
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0123750970
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neuroendocrinology underpins fundamental physiological, molecular, biological, and genetic principles such as the regulation of gene transcription and translation. This handbook highlights the experimental and technical foundations of each area's major concepts and principles.

Biomedical Photonics Handbook

Biomedical Photonics Handbook Book
Author : Tuan Vo-Dinh
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2003-03-26
ISBN : 9780203008997
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A wide variety of biomedical photonic technologies have been developed recently for clinical monitoring of early disease states; molecular diagnostics and imaging of physiological parameters; molecular and genetic biomarkers; and detection of the presence of pathological organisms or biochemical species of clinical importance. However, available information on this rapidly growing field is fragmented among a variety of journals and specialized books. Now researchers and medical practitioners have an authoritative and comprehensive source for the latest research and applications in biomedical photonics. Over 150 leading scientists, engineers, and physicians discuss state-of-the-art instrumentation, methods, and protocols in the Biomedical Photonics Handbook. Editor-in-Chief Tuan Vo-Dinh and an advisory board of distinguished scientists and medical experts ensure that each of the 65 chapters represents the latest and most accurate information currently available.

Preclinical Development Handbook

Preclinical Development Handbook Book
Author : Shayne Cox Gad
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2008-03-21
ISBN : 0470249021
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A clear, straightforward resource to guide you through preclinical drug development Following this book's step-by-step guidance, you can successfully initiate and complete critical phases of preclinical drug development. The book serves as a basic, comprehensive reference to prioritizing and optimizing leads, dose formulation, ADME, pharmacokinetics, modeling, and regulations. This authoritative, easy-to-use resource covers all the issues that need to be considered and provides detailed instructions for current methods and techniques. Each chapter is written by one or more leading experts in the field. These authors, representing the many disciplines involved in preclinical toxicology screening and testing, give you the tools needed to apply an effective multidisciplinary approach. The editor has carefully reviewed all the chapters to ensure that each one is thorough, accurate, and clear. Among the key topics covered are: * Modeling and informatics in drug design * Bioanalytical chemistry * Absorption of drugs after oral administration * Transporter interactions in the ADME pathway of drugs * Metabolism kinetics * Mechanisms and consequences of drug-drug interactions Each chapter offers a full exploration of problems that may be encountered and their solutions. The authors also set forth the limitations of various methods and techniques used in determining the safety and efficacy of a drug during the preclinical stage. This publication should be readily accessible to all pharmaceutical scientists involved in preclinical testing, enabling them to perform and document preclinical safety tests to meet all FDA requirements before clinical trials may begin.

The Handbook of Biomarkers

The Handbook of Biomarkers Book
Author : Kewal K. Jain
Publisher : Humana Press
Release : 2017-09-16
ISBN : 1493974319
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Involved in nearly every therapeutic area, particularly cancer, biomarkers have experienced tremendous advances since the first edition of this book, both in the discovery of biomarkers and in their applications. To aid in this imperative research, Prof. Kewal K. Jain’s Handbook of Biomarkers, Second Edition features a full revision and additional chapters to thoroughly describe many different types of biomarkers and their discovery using various "-omics" technologies, along with the background information needed for the evaluation of biomarkers as well as the essential procedures for their validation and use in clinical trials. With biomarkers described first according to technologies and then according to various diseases, this detailed book features the key correlations between diseases and classifications of biomarkers, which provides the reader with a guide to sort out current and future biomarkers. Comprehensive and cutting-edge, The Handbook of Biomarkers, Second Edition serves as a vital guide to furthering our understanding of biomarkers, which, by facilitating the combination of therapeutics with diagnostics, promise to play an important role in the development of personalized medicine, one of the most important trends in healthcare today.

Biomedical Photonics Handbook 3 Volume Set

Biomedical Photonics Handbook  3 Volume Set Book
Author : Tuan Vo-Dinh
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-07-29
ISBN : 1439863199
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Shaped by Quantum Theory, Technology, and the Genomics RevolutionThe integration of photonics, electronics, biomaterials, and nanotechnology holds great promise for the future of medicine. This topic has recently experienced an explosive growth due to the noninvasive or minimally invasive nature and the cost-effectiveness of photonic modalities in

Handbook of Biosensors and Electronic Noses

Handbook of Biosensors and Electronic Noses Book
Author : Erika Kress-Rogers
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1996-10-24
ISBN : 9780849389054
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In developing the electronic nose and biosensor devices, researchers not only copy biochemical pathways, but also use nature's approach to signal interpretation as a blueprint for man-made sensing systems. Commercial biosensors have demonstrated their benefits and practical applications, providing high sensitivity and selectivity, combined with a significant reduction in sample preparation assay time and the use of expensive reagents. The Handbook of Biosensors and Electronic Noses discusses design and optimization for the multitude of practical uses of these devices including:

The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Psychoneuroimmunology

The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Psychoneuroimmunology Book
Author : Alexander W. Kusnecov,Hymie Anisman
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-10-30
ISBN : 1118314778
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This comprehensive resource details the history, methodology anddevelopment of research into psychoneuroimmunology, balancing itwith meticulous coverage of both the clinical aspects and practicalapplications of the subject. A much-needed reference including overviews of key advances inthe field Discusses how psychoneuroimmunological research is conceivedand executed Includes contributions from a wealth of experts in thefield Forward by Robert Ader and Nicholas Cohen, founders of thediscipline Authoritative and interdisciplinary in scope - integratingbiological and behavioral science

Handbook of Neurotoxicology

Handbook of Neurotoxicology Book
Author : Edward J. Massaro
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2002-03-20
ISBN : 1592591655
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

N eurotoxicology is a broad and burgeoning field of research. Its growth in recent years can be related, in part, to increased interest in and concern with the fact that a growing number of anthropogenic agents with neurotoxic potential, including pesticides, 1ead, mercury, and the polytypic byproducts of combustion and industrial production, continue to be spewed into and accumulate in the environment. In addition, there is great interest in natural products, including toxins, as sources of therapeutic agents. Indeed, it is well known that many natural toxins ofbroadly differing structure, produced or accumulated for predatory or defensive purposes, and toxic agents, accumulated incidentalIy by numerous species, function to perturb nervous tissue. Components of some of these toxins have been shown to be useful therapeutic agents and/or research reagents. Unfor of some neurotoxicants of anthropogenic ori tunately, the environmental accumulation gin, expecialIy pesticides and metals, has resulted in incidents ofhuman poisoning, some of epidemic proportion, and high levels of morbidity and mortality. Furthermore, an increasing incidence of neurobehavioral disorders, some with baffling symptoms, is confronting clinicians. It is not clear whether this is merely the re suit of increased vigi lance and/or improved diagnostics or a consequence of improved health care. In any case, the role of exposure to environmental and occupational neurotoxicants in the etiology of these phenomena, as well as neurodegenerative diseases, is coming under increasing scrutiny and investigation.

Handbook of Laboratory Animal Science Volume II

Handbook of Laboratory Animal Science  Volume II Book
Author : Jann Hau,Steven J. Schapiro
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2011-04-22
ISBN : 1420084585
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomedical research involving animals remains essential for the advancement of the medical, veterinary, agricultural, and biological sciences. Following in the footsteps of its predecessors, the Handbook of Laboratory Animal Science, Volume II, Third Edition: Animal Models explains in great detail the comparative considerations underlying the choic