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Handbook Of Material Biodegradation Biodeterioration And Biostablization

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Handbook of Material Biodegradation Biodeterioration and Biostablization

Handbook of Material Biodegradation  Biodeterioration  and Biostablization Book
Author : Michalina Falkiewicz-Dulik,Katarzyna Janda,George Wypych
Publisher : Chem Tec Pub
Release : 2015-03
ISBN : 9781895198874
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Material Biodegradation, Biodeterioration, and Biostabilization, Second Edition gives extensive information on the microorganisms involved in the biodegradation of materials, along with the biocides which are permitted for use according to the most up-to-date worldwide legislation. Mechanisms of biodegradation and biodeterioration, results of biodeterioration, and methods of biostabilization are covered for a large number of products, making the title relevant for a range of industries and applications, including construction, coatings/paints, medical and pharmaceutical applications, and electronics. In addition, the health and safety aspects of biocide application are covered in detail, as well as the personal protection of practitioners who are required to use them. The contents and the most-up-to-date information make this book essential for almost all the fields of applied chemistry. Enables practitioners to identify the organisms responsible for biodeterioration in materials, select suitable preventative measures, and safely deploy methods of biostabilization Contains information on the biostabilization of various industrial products, including 24 groups of polymers Includes critical (and current) health and safety, environmental, and regulatory guidelines and best practices, and their relationships to legislation, regulation, toxicity, micro-organisms, biocides, and polymers Essential reading for scientists and practitioners as new regulations eliminate the use of previously used materials Contains up-to-date information on legislation and regulations governing the use of biocides in the European Union, the United States, and worldwide

Handbook of Material Biodegradation Biodeterioration and Biostabilization

Handbook of Material Biodegradation  Biodeterioration and Biostabilization Book
Author : Michalina Falkiewicz-Dulik,George Wypych,Katarzyna Janda
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 9781680154771
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Handbook of Material Biodegradation Biodeterioration and Biostabilization book written by Michalina Falkiewicz-Dulik,George Wypych,Katarzyna Janda, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Handbook of Material Biodegradation Biodeterioration and Biostablization

Handbook of Material Biodegradation  Biodeterioration  and Biostablization Book
Author : Michalina Falkiewicz-Dulik,Katarzyna Janda,George Wypych
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-04-28
ISBN : 1927885027
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Material Biodegradation, Biodeterioration, and Biostabilization, Second Edition gives extensive information on the microorganisms involved in the biodegradation of materials, along with the biocides which are permitted for use according to the most up-to-date worldwide legislation. Mechanisms of biodegradation and biodeterioration, results of biodeterioration, and methods of biostabilization are covered for a large number of products, making the title relevant for a range of industries and applications, including construction, coatings/paints, medical and pharmaceutical applications, and electronics. In addition, the health and safety aspects of biocide application are covered in detail, as well as the personal protection of practitioners who are required to use them. The contents and the most-up-to-date information make this book essential for almost all the fields of applied chemistry. Enables practitioners to identify the organisms responsible for biodeterioration in materials, select suitable preventative measures, and safely deploy methods of biostabilization Contains information on the biostabilization of various industrial products, including 24 groups of polymers Includes critical (and current) health and safety, environmental, and regulatory guidelines and best practices, and their relationships to legislation, regulation, toxicity, micro-organisms, biocides, and polymers Essential reading for scientists and practitioners as new regulations eliminate the use of previously used materials Contains up-to-date information on legislation and regulations governing the use of biocides in the European Union, the United States, and worldwide

Nanobiotechnology in Diagnosis Drug Delivery and Treatment

Nanobiotechnology in Diagnosis  Drug Delivery and Treatment Book
Author : Mahendra Rai,Mehdi Razzaghi-Abyaneh,Avinash P. Ingle
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-12-02
ISBN : 1119671779
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Presents nanobiotechnology in drug delivery and disease management Featuring contributions from noted experts in the field, this book highlights recent advances in the nano-based drug delivery systems. It also covers the diagnosis and role of various nanomaterials in the management of infectious diseases and non-infectious disorders, such as cancers and other malignancies and their role in future medicine. Nanobiotechnology in Diagnosis, Drug Delivery and Treatment starts by introducing how nanotechnology has revolutionized drug delivery, diagnosis, and treatments of diseases. It then focuses on the role of various nanocomposites in diagnosis, drug delivery, and treatment of diseases like cancer, Alzheimer's disease, diabetes, and many others. Next, it discusses the application of a variety of nanomaterials in the diagnosis and management of gastrointestinal tract disorders. The book explains the concept of nanotheranostics in detail and its role in effective monitoring of drug response, targeted drug delivery, enhanced drug accumulation in the target tissues, sustained as well as triggered release of drugs, and reduction in adverse effects. Other chapters cover aptamer-incorporated nanoparticle systems; magnetic nanoparticles; theranostics and vaccines; toxicological concerns of nanomaterials used in nanomedicine; and more. Provides a concise overview of state-of-the-art nanomaterials and their application like drug delivery in infectious diseases and non-infectious disorders Highlights recent advances in the nano-based drug delivery systems and role of various nanomaterials Introduces nano-based sensors which detect various pathogens Covers the use of nanodevices in diagnostics and theranostics Nanobiotechnology in Diagnosis, Drug Delivery and Treatment is an ideal book for researchers and scientists working in various disciplines such as microbiology, biotechnology, nanotechnology, pharmaceutical biotechnology, pharmacology, pharmaceutics, and nanomedicine.

Polymetallic Coatings to Control Biofouling in Pipelines

Polymetallic Coatings to Control Biofouling in Pipelines Book
Author : Vinita Vishwakarma,Dawn S S,K. Gobi Saravanan,A. M. Kamalan Kirubaharan,Saravanamuthu Vigneswaran,Gayathri Naidu
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-09-13
ISBN : 1000442608
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Most of the pipelines used for the transport of various fluids are susceptible to the formation of biofilms, and the undesirable accumulation of microorganisms in pipelines leads to biodeterioration and increases the maintenance cost of the pipelines. This book focuses on nanostructured polymetallic coatings for corrosion and biofouling protection in offshore oil and gas pipelines, marine pipelines, ship structures and port facilities, and corrosion resistance surfaces of several engineered structures. Considering various reasons of biofouling in pipelines that transport crude and refined petroleum, gas, biofuels, and other fluids including sewage, slurry, and water for drinking or irrigation, the underlying mechanism is thoroughly explained. A comparison of various protective techniques is also highlighted for the choice of methods for specific applications. Features: Provides information on biofouling control with broad significance and applicability in various industrial and research areas. Discusses microbially induced corrosion on biofuel transporting pipelines. Includes data from experiments conducted to overcome biofouling and biocorrosion. Gives out particular attention to metallic coatings and environmental considerations. Explores novel technologies preventing biofouling on metallic and polymeric substrates. This book is for researchers and graduate students in Coatings and Paints, Microbiology, Bioprocess Engineering, Biotechnology, Industrial Engineering, Mechanical and Chemical Engineering, Marine Engineering, Surface and Corrosion Engineering, and Water and Wastewater Treatment.

Biodeterioration of Wooden Cultural Heritage

Biodeterioration of Wooden Cultural Heritage Book
Author : Anastasia Pournou
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-11-28
ISBN : 3030465047
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since prehistoric times and throughout the course of human evolution, wood has been an integral part of all civilizations. Wooden Cultural Heritage can be found worldwide, providing valuable information on the social and economic context of human history. Nonetheless, as a natural cellulosic material, wood shows low resistance to biodeterioration and thus wooden Cultural Heritage often fails to escape decomposition in both aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. This book provides a comprehensive overview on the biodeterioration of wooden Cultural Heritage and describes the decay mechanisms of key organisms and microorganisms encountered in aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. Cultural Heritage professionals, researchers and academics may explore within this book the associations between deteriogens, habitats and decay, which will assist them to understand wood biodeterioration and design effective prevention, mitigation and remediation strategies. The book presents case studies around the world to demonstrate the impact of biogenic deterioration on wooden Cultural Heritage and illustrates mechanisms and patterns in order to be a useful handbook of decay diagnosis. Lastly, by adopting a holistic approach to wood decay, basic concepts of wood technology, ecology, and deteriogens' biology are introduced, permitting readers of different scientific backgrounds to easily comprehend wood biodeterioration.

Handbook of Modern Coating Technologies

Handbook of Modern Coating Technologies Book
Author : Mahmood Aliofkhazraei,Ali Nasar,Mircea Chipara,Nadhira Bensaada Laidani,Jeff Th.M. De Hosson
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-03-06
ISBN : 0444632433
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Modern Coating Technologies: Application and Development reviews recent applications and developments of modern coating technologies. The topics in this volume consist of role of antibacterial coatings in the development of biomaterials, insights of technologies for self-healing organic coatings, sensor applications, application of carbon nanotubes–based coating in the field of art conservation, oxide-based self-cleaning and corrosion-protective coatings, protective coatings for wood, applications of optical coatings on spectral selective structures, application of natural antimicrobial coating for controlling foodborne pathogens on meat and fresh produce, efficacy of antimicrobial coating in reducing pathogens on meat, composite membrane: fabrication, characterization, and applications, development of nanostructured HVOF coatings on high strength steel components for turbine blades, nanoscale multilayered composite coating, applications of sol–gel coatings, application of graphene in protective coating industry, application of coatings in outdoor high-voltage installations, defects and doping effects in thin films of transparent and conductive oxides, and functional coatings for lab-on-a-chip systems based on phospholipid polymers.

Design for Sustainability

Design for Sustainability Book
Author : S.M. Sapuan,Muhd Ridzuan Mansor
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-03-13
ISBN : 0128194421
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Design for Sustainability: Green Materials and Processes provides fundamental and practical knowledge surrounding product development applications throughout the entire lifecycle of green materials, ranging from conceptual design, material and manufacturing process selection, and environmental lifecycle assessment. In addition, several topics covering recent advances in the application of sustainable design within the automotive, building and construction, packaging and consumer product industries are also included in this book to provide practical examples of this philosophy in current applications. Lastly, a section on implementation of design for sustainability in education is added to aid readers that wish to introduce this philosophy to younger students. This book will be beneficial to researchers, students in higher education institutions, design practitioners and engineers in private and public sector organization with aspirations to develop sustainable products in the future. Design for sustainability is one of the primary focuses in human advancement nowadays, with the aim of developing products and services that meet the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Provides an overview on materials and process design for sustainability Discusses theoretical aspects about design for sustainability Includes a discussion of the most recent advances and applications in design for sustainability

A Guide to the Manufacture Performance and Potential of Plastics in Agriculture

A Guide to the Manufacture  Performance  and Potential of Plastics in Agriculture Book
Author : Michael Orzolek
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-03-16
ISBN : 0081021763
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The use of plastics in agriculture – to increase crop output, improve food quality and improve sustainability – has grown substantially in both quantity and the range of applications. Many of the early researchers that conducted field research in the use of plastics in agriculture have either retired or are deceased. These early pioneers in plasticulture research, the basis of plant production using plastics, were very creative and persistent in discovering uses of plastics in agricultural applications. A Guide to the Manufacture, Performance, and Potential of Plastics in Agriculture contains both references not only to their accomplishments but also their publications. The book discusses plasticulture-the basis of plant production using plastics – including topics such as plastic mulch, row covers, drip irrigation, and high/low tunnels. It covers the process of producing polyethylene and polypropylene plastics that are used in plant and animal production agriculture, and the many uses of plastics in all aspects of agriculture, including plastic greenhouses, rigid mold plastics, disposal of plastics, and plastics in animal production. This book introduces a range of academics and industrial practitioners to the impact of plastics in agriculture, both historically and in a range of current applications. It also provides new perspectives on future developments to enable further research and application. It is an invaluable reference on the use of polyethylene, polypropylene films, and such products in all aspects of agricultural production. Discusses plasticulture, the basis of plant production using plastics, including topics such as plastic mulch, row covers, drip irrigation, and high/low tunnels Contains 10 chapters that cover the process of producing polyethylene and polypropylene plastics that are used in agriculture Covers the many uses of plastics in all aspects of agriculture, including plastic greenhouses, rigid mold plastics, disposal of plastics, and plastics in animal production

Handbook of Odors in Plastic Materials

Handbook of Odors in Plastic Materials Book
Author : George Wypych
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-01-12
ISBN : 1927885175
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Odors in Plastic Materials, Second Edition, analyzes the reasons behind unwanted odor formation and the methods for preventing it. The book covers the fundamentals of odor formation and its transport within a material, the relationship between odor and toxicity, and seventeen methods of odor removal. Odor can play a significant role in the success of a product; it can decide whether a customer purchases the product in the first place, or can be the cause of complaints or returns. Similarly, in scented products, the retention of volatile components is a particular challenge and opportunity. There are several factors which have an impact on the formation of odors in plastic materials, including the properties of the polymer, use of additives in processing, exposure to radiation and oxygen, storage, and recycling. Thirty-seven polymers and forty-one critical product groups are analyzed based on the latest research publications and patents. The book also discusses regulations related to odor in products, effects of odor on health and safety, and the effect of odors from plastic materials on indoor air quality. Analyzes the reasons behind odor formation Provides the best methods to prevent odors in various materials Contains information on testing odor changes and the relationship between odor and toxicity Includes a comprehensive list of methods for removal of unwanted odors from plastic materials

Bioplastics for Sustainable Development

Bioplastics for Sustainable Development Book
Author : Mohammed Kuddus
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-09-28
ISBN : 9811618232
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Bioplastics for Sustainable Development book written by Mohammed Kuddus, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

PVC Formulary

PVC Formulary Book
Author : George Wypych
Publisher : Chemtec Publishing
Release : 2020-03
ISBN : 1927885639
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book has five chapters, each containing invaluable information for PVC manufacturers, processors, and users.The book provides many new formulations which were introduced in the last six years. In the first introductory chapter, the new product development, product re-engineering tools and market for PVC products have been discussed.

Combined Application of Physico Chemical Microbiological Processes for Industrial Effluent Treatment Plant

Combined Application of Physico Chemical   Microbiological Processes for Industrial Effluent Treatment Plant Book
Author : Maulin Shah,Aditi Banerjee
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-03-30
ISBN : 9811504970
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent decades, scientific insight into the chemistry of water has increased enormously, leading to the development of advanced wastewater and water purification technologies. However, the quality of freshwater resources has continually deteriorated worldwide, both in industrialized and developing countries. Although traditional wastewater technologies focus on the removal of suspended solids, nutrients and bacteria, hundreds of organic pollutants occur in wastewater and urban surface waters. These new pollutants are synthetic or naturally occurring chemicals that are not often monitored in the environment but have the potential to enter the environment and cause known or suspected adverse ecological and / or human health effects. Collectively referred to as the "emerging contaminants," they are mostly derived from domestic use and occur in trace concentrations ranging from pico to micrograms per liter. Environmental contaminants are resistant to conventional wastewater treatment processes and most of them remain unaffected, leading to the contamination of the receiving water. As such, there is a need for advanced wastewater treatment process that is capable of removing environmental contaminants to ensure safe fresh water supplies. This book explains the biological and chemical wastewater treatment technologies. The biological wastewater treatment processes presented include: (1) bioremediation of wastewater such as aerobic and anaerobic treatment; (2) phytoremediation of wastewater using engineered wetlands, rhizofiltration, rhizodegradation, phytodegradation, phytoaccumulation, phytotransformation and hyperaccumulators; and (3) mycoremediation of wastewater. The chemical wastewater treatment processes discussed include chemical precipitation, ion exchange, neutralization, adsorption and disinfection. In addition, the book describes wastewater treatment plants in terms of plant size, layout and design as well as installation location. Also presenting the latest, innovative effluent water treatment processes, it is a valuable resource for biochemical and wastewater treatment engineers, environmental scientists and environmental microbiologists.

Handbook of Material Weathering

Handbook of Material Weathering Book
Author : George Wypych
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-02-22
ISBN : 1927885329
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Material Weathering, Sixth Edition, is an essential guide to the effects of weathering on polymers and industrial products, presenting theory, stress factors, methods of weathering and testing and the effects of additives and environmental stress cracking. The book provides graphical illustrations and numerical data to examine the weathering of major polymers and industrial products, including mechanisms of degradation, effect of thermal processes, and characteristic changes in properties. The book also discusses recycling, corrosion and weathering, and the weathering of stone. This sixth edition updates this seminal work with recent developments and the latest data. Polymers and industrial plastics products are widely used in environments where they are vulnerable to the effects of weathering. Weathering stress factors can lead to deterioration or even complete failure. Material durability is therefore vital, and products for outdoor usage or actinic exposure are designed so that the effects of artificial and natural weathering are minimized. This book is an important reference source for those involved in studying material durability, producing materials for outdoor use and actinic exposure, research chemists in the photochemistry field, chemists and material scientists designing new materials, users of manufactured products, those who control the quality of manufactured products and students who want to apply their knowledge to real materials. Offers detailed coverage of theory, stress factors and methods of weathering Provides specific information and numerical data for 52 polymers and 42 groups of industrial products, including characteristic changes and degradation mechanisms Discusses major additional topics, such as weathered materials for recycling and the interrelation between corrosion and weathering Provides graphical illustrations and numerical data to examine the weathering of major polymers and industrial products

Atlas of Material Damage

Atlas of Material Damage Book
Author : George Wypych
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-01-12
ISBN : 1927885264
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Atlas of Material Damage, Second Edition provides a systematic analysis of the modes of damage and morphology of damaged material, and compares the experiences of different industries to provide insight into the most frequently encountered failures, reasons for these failures, and potential improvements to prevent future materials failure. Product reliability is a critical aim of materials scientists and engineers. Uninterrupted performance of manufactured products at typical and extreme conditions of use is the major goal of product development and the most important indicator of material quality. This atlas has microscopic pictures, schematic diagrams, and graphs which show how materials fail, how they are produced to not fail, and how they are designed to perform particular functions to make outstanding products. Findings presented by each illustration are fully explained in the text and labeled. Materials increasingly must have optimal structure and specially designed morphology. The book offers numerous examples of how this special morphology can be achieved in electronics, the plastics industry, the pharmaceutical industry, aerospace, automotive applications, medicine, dentistry, and many other fields. This book provides information on defect formation and materials damage; discusses effect of composition, morphological features and structure of different materials on material performance, durability, and resilience; and analyses the cause of material damage and degradation, and the effect of processing conditions on material damage. Includes data and images for many material types, making this a hard-working reference guide for engineers working in a range of different market sectors Provides core data related to the field Explains the range of test and imaging techniques available, enabling engineers and scientists to take optimal and cost effective decisions Offers an essential tool for identifying material damage and implementing successful maintenance and replacement regimes

Fungi Bio prospects in Sustainable Agriculture Environment and Nano technology

Fungi Bio prospects in Sustainable Agriculture  Environment and Nano technology Book
Author : Vijay Kumar Sharma,Maulin P. Shah,Shobhika Parmar,Ajay Kumar
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-10-24
ISBN : 0128219262
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fungi Bio-prospects in Sustainable Agriculture, Environment and Nanotechnology, Volume Two: Extremophilic Fungi and Myco-mediated Environmental Management explores varied aspects of fungal biology and their relevance in microbiology and agriculture, thus allowing for better insights on basic and advanced biotechnological application in human welfare and sustainable agriculture. Chapters throw light on different sectors of fungi, including fungi in extreme circumstances, bioremediation, complex and toxic effluents, and mycoremediation. The book was designed to explore the possibility of huge fungal diversity for present and future generation in different sectors of human life. Volume Two focuses on extremophilic fungi and myco-mediated environmental management. Summarizes various aspects of fungi in the field of microbiology, sustainable agriculture, nano-technology and environment Describes the molecular approaches and gene expression of fungi Provides a deeper understanding of fungi that could be articulated in various fields

Databook of Biocides

Databook of Biocides Book
Author : Anna Wypych,George Wypych
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-07-08
ISBN : 1927885043
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Databook of Biocides contains critical data on the most important biocides in use today. The selection includes generic and commercial biocides, which are approved for use in the European Union and the US. Data on generic biocides come from numerous sources, and can be easily compared with manufacturer information on commercial biocides, which are also included. Physical properties are presented—including volatility, solubility, and concentration—as are health and safety considerations (such as flash point, autoignition temperature, risks of skin and eye irritation, mutagenicity and carcinogenicity) and first-aid guidance. Ecological properties are also emphasized, with data on biodegradation and acquatic toxicity. Particular emphasis is placed on usage considerations, including recommended material-biocide combinations, processing methods and dosages, and features and benefits for each biocide. The book also contains an introductory chapter in which general indicators of performance of biocides are discussed. Presents practical information for use in the lab and the field, including recommended processing methods, recommended dosages, and potential substitutes Emphasizes environmental, health, and safety properties to ensure safe deployment Includes the most commonly used biocides in compliance with the latest regulations in the European Union, US, and worldwide Covers the physical properties, ecological properties, and performance indicators of biocides

Microbial Sediments

Microbial Sediments Book
Author : Robert E. Riding,Stanley M. Awramik
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-06-29
ISBN : 3662040360
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume provides a comprehensive overview of the rapidly developing field of microbial sediments, featuring excellent artwork. It contains authoritative and stimulating contributions by distinguished authors that cover the field and set the scene for future advances.