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Handbook Of Logic And Language

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Handbook of Logic and Language

Handbook of Logic and Language Book
Author : J. van Benthem,Johan van Benthem,Alice G. B. ter Meulen,A. ter Meulen
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1997
ISBN : 044481714X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This Handbook documents the main trends in current research between logic and language, including its broader influence in computer science, linguistic theory and cognitive science. The history of the combined study of Logic and Linguistics goes back a long way, at least to the work of the scholastic philosophers in the Middle Ages. At the beginning of this century, the subject was revitalized through the pioneering efforts of Gottlob Frege, Bertrand Russell, and Polish philosophical logicians such as Kazimierz Ajdukiewicz. Around 1970, the landmark achievements of Richard Montague established a junction between state-of-the-art mathematical logic and generative linguistic theory. Over the subsequent decades, this enterprise of Montague Grammar has flourished and diversified into a number of research programs with empirical and theoretical substance. This appears to be the first Handbook to bring logic-language interface to the fore. Both aspects of the interaction between logic and language are demonstrated in the book i.e. firstly, how logical systems are designed and modified in response to linguistic needs and secondly, how mathematical theory arises in this process and how it affects subsequent linguistic theory. The Handbook presents concise, impartial accounts of the topics covered. Where possible, an author and a commentator have cooperated to ensure the proper breadth and technical content of the papers. The Handbook is self-contained, and individual articles are of the highest quality.

Handbook of Logic and Language

Handbook of Logic and Language Book
Author : Johan F.A.K. van Benthem,Alice ter Meulen
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-12-17
ISBN : 9780444537270
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The logical study of language is becoming more interdisciplinary, playing a role in fields such as computer science, artificial intelligence, cognitive science and game theory. This new edition, written by the leading experts in the field, presents an overview of the latest developments at the interface of logic and linguistics as well as a historical perspective. It is divided into three parts covering Frameworks, General Topics and Descriptive Themes. Completely revised and updated - includes over 25% new material Discusses the interface between logic and language Many of the authors are creators or active developers of the theories

Handbook of the Logic of Argument and Inference

Handbook of the Logic of Argument and Inference Book
Author : R.H. Johnson,H.J. Ohlbach,Dov M. Gabbay,John Woods
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2002-09-11
ISBN : 0080532918
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Handbook of the Logic of Argument and Inference is an authoritative reference work in a single volume, designed for the attention of senior undergraduates, graduate students and researchers in all the leading research areas concerned with the logic of practical argument and inference. After an introductory chapter, the role of standard logics is surveyed in two chapters. These chapters can serve as a mini-course for interested readers, in deductive and inductive logic, or as a refresher. Then follow two chapters of criticism; one the internal critique and the other the empirical critique. The first deals with objections to standard logics (as theories of argument and inference) arising from the research programme in philosophical logic. The second canvasses criticisms arising from work in cognitive and experimental psychology. The next five chapters deal with developments in dialogue logic, interrogative logic, informal logic, probability logic and artificial intelligence. The last chapter surveys formal approaches to practical reasoning and anticipates possible future developments. Taken as a whole the Handbook is a single-volume indication of the present state of the logic of argument and inference at its conceptual and theoretical best. Future editions will periodically incorporate significant new developments.

The Cambridge Handbook of the Philosophy of Language

The Cambridge Handbook of the Philosophy of Language Book
Author : Piotr Stalmaszczyk
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021-12-02
ISBN : 110849238X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive guide to contemporary investigations into the relationship between language, philosophy, and linguistics.

Philosophy of Logic

Philosophy of Logic Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2006-11-29
ISBN : 9780080466637
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The papers presented in this volume examine topics of central interest in contemporary philosophy of logic. They include reflections on the nature of logic and its relevance for philosophy today, and explore in depth developments in informal logic and the relation of informal to symbolic logic, mathematical metatheory and the limiting metatheorems, modal logic, many-valued logic, relevance and paraconsistent logic, free logics, extensional v. intensional logics, the logic of fiction, epistemic logic, formal logical and semantic paradoxes, the concept of truth, the formal theory of entailment, objectual and substitutional interpretation of the quantifiers, infinity and domain constraints, the Löwenheim-Skolem theorem and Skolem paradox, vagueness, modal realism v. actualism, counterfactuals and the logic of causation, applications of logic and mathematics to the physical sciences, logically possible worlds and counterpart semantics, and the legacy of Hilbert’s program and logicism. The handbook is meant to be both a compendium of new work in symbolic logic and an authoritative resource for students and researchers, a book to be consulted for specific information about recent developments in logic and to be read with pleasure for its technical acumen and philosophical insights. - Written by leading logicians and philosophers - Comprehensive authoritative coverage of all major areas of contemporary research in symbolic logic - Clear, in-depth expositions of technical detail - Progressive organization from general considerations to informal to symbolic logic to nonclassical logics - Presents current work in symbolic logic within a unified framework - Accessible to students, engaging for experts and professionals - Insightful philosophical discussions of all aspects of logic - Useful bibliographies in every chapter

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic Book
Author : Stewart Shapiro
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2005-02-10
ISBN : 0190287535
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mathematics and logic have been central topics of concern since the dawn of philosophy. Since logic is the study of correct reasoning, it is a fundamental branch of epistemology and a priority in any philosophical system. Philosophers have focused on mathematics as a case study for general philosophical issues and for its role in overall knowledge- gathering. Today, philosophy of mathematics and logic remain central disciplines in contemporary philosophy, as evidenced by the regular appearance of articles on these topics in the best mainstream philosophical journals; in fact, the last decade has seen an explosion of scholarly work in these areas. This volume covers these disciplines in a comprehensive and accessible manner, giving the reader an overview of the major problems, positions, and battle lines. The 26 contributed chapters are by established experts in the field, and their articles contain both exposition and criticism as well as substantial development of their own positions. The essays, which are substantially self-contained, serve both to introduce the reader to the subject and to engage in it at its frontiers. Certain major positions are represented by two chapters--one supportive and one critical. The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Math and Logic is a ground-breaking reference like no other in its field. It is a central resource to those wishing to learn about the philosophy of mathematics and the philosophy of logic, or some aspect thereof, and to those who actively engage in the discipline, from advanced undergraduates to professional philosophers, mathematicians, and historians.

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Language

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Language Book
Author : Ernest Lepore,Barry C. Smith
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2008-09-25
ISBN : 9780199552238
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The definitive reference work for this diverse and fertile field: an outstanding international team contribute 41 new essays covering topics from the nature of language to meaning, truth, and reference, and the interfaces of philosophy of language with linguistics, psychology, logic, epistemology, and metaphysics.

Handbook of Practical Logic and Automated Reasoning

Handbook of Practical Logic and Automated Reasoning Book
Author : John Harrison
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2009-03-12
ISBN : 0521899575
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A one-stop reference, self-contained, with theoretical topics presented in conjunction with implementations for which code is supplied.

Handbook of Quantifiers in Natural Language

Handbook of Quantifiers in Natural Language Book
Author : Edward Keenan,Denis Paperno
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-03-28
ISBN : 9400726813
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Covering a strikingly diverse range of languages from 12 linguistic families, this handbook is based on responses to a questionnaire constructed by the editors. Focusing on the formation, distribution and semantic interpretation of quantificational expressions, the book explores 17 languages including German, Italian, Russian, Mandarin Chinese, Malagasy, Hebrew, Pima, Basque, and more. The language data sets enable detailed crosslinguistic comparison of numerous features. These include semantic classes of quantifiers (generalized existential, generalized universal, proportional, partitive), syntactically complex quantifiers (intensive modification, Boolean compounding, exception phrases) and several others such as quantifier scope ambiguities, quantifier float, and binary quantifiers. Its theory-independent content extends earlier work by Matthewson (2008) and Bach et al. (1995), making this handbook suitable for linguists, semanticians, philosophers of language and logicians alike.

The Fundamentally Simple Logic of Language

The Fundamentally Simple Logic of Language Book
Author : Luis H. González
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2021-02-08
ISBN : 1000356515
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Fundamentally Simple Logic of Language: Learning a Second Language with the Tools of the Native Speaker presents a data-driven approach to understanding how native speakers do not use subject and direct object to process language. Native speakers know who does what in a sentence by applying intuitively two simple inferences that are argued to be part of universal grammar. The book explains and exemplifies these two inferences throughout. These two inferences explain the native speaker’s ease of acquisition and use, and answer difficult questions for linguistics (transitivity, case, semantic roles) in such a way that undergraduate students and second language learners can understand these concepts and apply them to their own language acquisition. While Spanish is used as the primary example, the theory can be applied to many other languages. This book will appeal to teachers and learners of any second language, as well as linguists interested in second language acquisition, in second language teaching, and in argument structure.

Game Theoretical Semantics

Game Theoretical Semantics Book
Author : Esa. Saarinen
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-11-05
ISBN : 140204108X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a collection of studies applying game-theoretical concepts and ideas to analysing the semantics of natural language and some formal languages. The bulk of the book consists of several papers by Hintikka, Carlson and Saarinen and discusses several of the central problems of the semantics of natural language. The topics covered are the semantics of natural language quantifiers, conditionals, pronouns and anaphora more generally. Hintikka’s famous essay presenting examples of "branching quantifier structures" in English, as well as one formulating his "any-every thesis", are included. The book also includes Hintikka’s closely argued philosophical discussion of the relationships between the new semantical games with the language games of Wittgenstein. Other papers apply the game-theoretical approach to formal languages including tense logics and tense anaphora (Saarinen), deontic logic and Ross’ paradox (Hintikka), and usual predicate logic (Rantala). The latter amounts to an explication of the "impossible possible" worlds as is shown in Hintikka’s concluding paper.

Handbook of Logic in Artificial Intelligence and Logic Programming Volume 5 Logic Programming

Handbook of Logic in Artificial Intelligence and Logic Programming  Volume 5  Logic Programming Book
Author : Dov M. Gabbay,C. J. Hogger,J. A. Robinson
Publisher : Clarendon Press
Release : 1998-01-08
ISBN : 0191546283
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Handbook of Logic in Artificial Intelligence and Logic Programming is a multi-volume work covering all major areas of the application of logic to artificial intelligence and logic programming. The authors are chosen on an international basis and are leaders in the fields covered. Volume 5 is the last in this well-regarded series. Logic is now widely recognized as one of the foundational disciplines of computing. It has found applications in virtually all aspects of the subject, from software and hardware engineering to programming languages and artificial intelligence. In response to the growing need for an in-depth survey of these applications the Handbook of Logic in Artificial Intelligence and its companion, the Handbook of Logic in Computer Science have been created. The Handbooks are a combination of authoritative exposition, comprehensive survey, and fundamental research exploring the underlying themes in the various areas. Some mathematical background is assumed, and much of the material will be of interest to logicians and mathematicians. Volume 5 focuses particularly on logic programming. The chapters, which in many cases are of monograph length and scope, emphasize possible unifying themes.

The Description Logic Handbook

The Description Logic Handbook Book
Author : Franz Baader,Diego Calvanese,Deborah McGuinness,Peter Patel-Schneider,Daniele Nardi
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2003-01-09
ISBN : 9780521781763
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Table of contents

Handbook of Analytic Philosophy of Medicine

Handbook of Analytic Philosophy of Medicine Book
Author : Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-04-06
ISBN : 9401795797
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Medical practice is practiced morality, and clinical research belongs to normative ethics. The present book elucidates and advances this thesis by: 1. analyzing the structure of medical language, knowledge, and theories; 2. inquiring into the foundations of the clinical encounter; 3. introducing the logic and methodology of clinical decision-making, including artificial intelligence in medicine; 4. suggesting comprehensive theories of organism, life, and psyche; of health, illness, and disease; of etiology, diagnosis, prognosis, prevention, and therapy; and 5. investigating the moral and metaphysical issues central to medical practice and research. Many systems of (classical, modal, non-classical, probability, and fuzzy) logic are introduced and applied. Fuzzy medical deontics, fuzzy medical ontology, fuzzy medical concept formation, fuzzy medical decision-making and biomedicine and many other techniques of fuzzification in medicine are introduced for the first time.

A Computational Logic Handbook

A Computational Logic Handbook Book
Author : Robert S. Boyer,J Strother Moore
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-05-10
ISBN : 148327778X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Perspectives in Computing: A Computational Logic Handbook contains a precise description of the logic and a detailed reference guide to the associated mechanical theorem proving system, including a primer for the logic as a functional programming language, an introduction to proofs in the logic, and a primer for the mechanical theorem. The publication first offers information on a primer for the logic, formalization within the logic, and a precise description of the logic. Discussions focus on induction and recursion, quantification, explicit value terms, dealing with features and omissions, elementary mathematical relationships, Boolean operators, and conventional data structures. The text then takes a look at proving theorems in the logic, mechanized proofs in the logic, and an introduction to the system. The text examines the processes involved in using the theorem prover, four classes of rules generated from lemmas, and aborting or interrupting commands. Topics include executable counterparts, toggle, elimination of irrelevancy, heuristic use of equalities, representation of formulas, type sets, and the crucial check points in a proof attempt. The publication is a vital reference for researchers interested in computational logic.

Handbook of Philosophical Logic

Handbook of Philosophical Logic Book
Author : Dov M. Gabbay,Franz Guenthner
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2011-12-14
ISBN : 9789400962606
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The chapters in the present volume go beyond 'classical' extensional logic with respect to one important factor: they all include among the semantic constituents representations of so-called 'possible worlds'. The inclusion of such 'indices' has turned out to be the semantic mainstay in dealing with a number of issues having to do with intensional features of natural and artificial languages. It is, of course, an open question whether 'possible world' semantics is in the final analysis the proper solution to the many problems and puzzles intensional constructions raise for the logical analysis of the many varieties of discourse. At present, there seem to be about as many opponents as proponents with regard to the usefulness of having the semantics of intensional languages based on possible world constructs. Some attempts to come to grips with intensional phenomena which are not couched in the possible world framework are discussed in Volume IV of the Handbook. Chapter 1 is an extensive survey of the main systems of (propositional) modal logic including the most important meta-mathematical results and the techniques used in establishing these. It introduces the basic terminology and semantic machinery applied in one way or another in many of the subsequent chapters. Chapter 2 discusses the most significant developments in (propositional) tense logic which can of course be regarded as a special kind of modal logic, where the possible world indices are simply (ordered) moments of time.

Handbook of Philosophical Logic

Handbook of Philosophical Logic Book
Author : Dov M. Gabbay,Franz Guenthner
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2001-08-31
ISBN : 9780792371601
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

It is with great pleasure that we are presenting to the community the second edition of this extraordinary handbook. It has been over 15 years since the publication of the first edition and there have been great changes in the landscape of philosophical logic since then. The first edition has proved invaluable to generations of students and researchers in formal philosophy and language, as well as to consumers of logic in many applied areas. The main logic artiele in the Encyelopaedia Britannica 1999 has described the first edition as 'the best starting point for exploring any of the topics in logic'. We are confident that the second edition will prove to be just as good. ! The first edition was the second handbook published for the logic commu nity. It followed the North Holland one volume Handbook 0/ Mathematical Logic, published in 1977, edited by the late Jon Barwise. The four volume Handbook 0/ Philosophical Logic, published 1983-1989 came at a fortunate temporal junction at the evolution of logic. This was the time when logic was gaining ground in computer science and artificial intelligence cireles. These areas were under increasing commercial press ure to provide devices which help and/or replace the human in his daily activity. This pressure required the use of logic in the modelling of human activity and organisa tion on the one hand and to provide the theoretical basis for the computer program constructs on the other.

Handbook of Formal Languages

Handbook of Formal Languages Book
Author : Grzegorz Rozenberg,Arto Salomaa
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1997
ISBN : 9783540606499
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Summary: Discusses language theory beyond linear or string models: trees, graphs, grids, pictures, computer graphics.

Handbook of Logic in Computer Science Volume 5 Algebraic and Logical Structures

Handbook of Logic in Computer Science  Volume 5  Algebraic and Logical Structures Book
Author : S. Abramsky,Dov M. Gabbay,T. S. E. Maibaum
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2001-01-25
ISBN : 0191546275
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This handbook volume covers fundamental topics of semantics in logic and computation. The chapters (some monographic in length), were written following years of co-ordination and follow a thematic point of view. The volume brings the reader up to front line research, and is indispensable to any serious worker in the areas.

Handbook of the History of Logic Inductive logic

Handbook of the History of Logic  Inductive logic Book
Author : Dov M. Gabbay,John Hayden Woods
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0444529365
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In designing the Handbook of the History of Logic, the Editors have taken the view that the history of logic holds more than an antiquarian interest, and that a knowledge of logic's rich and sophisticated development is, in various respects, relevant to the research programmes of the present day. Ancient logic is no exception. The present volume attests to the distant origins of some of modern logic's most important features, such as can be found in the claim by the authors of the chapter on Aristotle's early logic that, from its infancy, the theory of the syllogism is an example of an intuitionistic, non-monotonic, relevantly paraconsistent logic. Similarly, in addition to its comparative earliness, what is striking about the best of the Megarian and Stoic traditions is their sophistication and originality.