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Handbook Of Knowledge Representation

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Handbook of Knowledge Representation

Handbook of Knowledge Representation Book
Author : Frank van Harmelen,Vladimir Lifschitz,Bruce Porter
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2008-01-08
ISBN : 9780080557021
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Knowledge Representation describes the essential foundations of Knowledge Representation, which lies at the core of Artificial Intelligence (AI). The book provides an up-to-date review of twenty-five key topics in knowledge representation, written by the leaders of each field. It includes a tutorial background and cutting-edge developments, as well as applications of Knowledge Representation in a variety of AI systems. This handbook is organized into three parts. Part I deals with general methods in Knowledge Representation and reasoning and covers such topics as classical logic in Knowledge Representation; satisfiability solvers; description logics; constraint programming; conceptual graphs; nonmonotonic reasoning; model-based problem solving; and Bayesian networks. Part II focuses on classes of knowledge and specialized representations, with chapters on temporal representation and reasoning; spatial and physical reasoning; reasoning about knowledge and belief; temporal action logics; and nonmonotonic causal logic. Part III discusses Knowledge Representation in applications such as question answering; the semantic web; automated planning; cognitive robotics; multi-agent systems; and knowledge engineering. This book is an essential resource for graduate students, researchers, and practitioners in knowledge representation and AI. * Make your computer smarter * Handle qualitative and uncertain information * Improve computational tractability to solve your problems easily

The Handbook of Applied Expert Systems

The Handbook of Applied Expert Systems Book
Author : Jay Liebowitz
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-07-23
ISBN : 0429606974
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Handbook of Applied Expert Systems is a landmark work dedicated solely to this rapidly advancing area of study. Edited by Jay Liebowitz, a professor, author, and consultant known around the world for his work in the field, this authoritative source covers the latest expert system technologies, applications, methodologies, and practices. The book features contributions from more than 40 of the world's foremost expert systems authorities in industry, government, and academia. The Handbook is organized into two major sections. The first section explains expert systems technologies while the second section focuses on applied examples in a wide variety of industries. Key topics covered include fuzzy systems, genetic algorithm development, machine learning, knowledge representation, and much more.

Neural Networks for Knowledge Representation and Inference

Neural Networks for Knowledge Representation and Inference Book
Author : Daniel S. Levine,Manuel Aparicio,Manuel Aparicio, IV
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 1994
ISBN : 9780805811582
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The second published collection based on a conference sponsored by the Metroplex Institute for Neural Dynamics -- the first is Motivation, Emotion, and Goal Direction in Neural Networks (LEA, 1992) -- this book addresses the controversy between symbolicist artificial intelligence and neural network theory. A particular issue is how well neural networks -- well established for statistical pattern matching -- can perform the higher cognitive functions that are more often associated with symbolic approaches. This controversy has a long history, but recently erupted with arguments against the abilities of renewed neural network developments. More broadly than other attempts, the diverse contributions presented here not only address the theory and implementation of artificial neural networks for higher cognitive functions, but also critique the history of assumed epistemologies -- both neural networks and AI -- and include several neurobiological studies of human cognition as a real system to guide the further development of artificial ones. Organized into four major sections, this volume: * outlines the history of the AI/neural network controversy, the strengths and weaknesses of both approaches, and shows the various capabilities such as generalization and discreetness as being along a broad but common continuum; * introduces several explicit, theoretical structures demonstrating the functional equivalences of neurocomputing with the staple objects of computer science and AI, such as sets and graphs; * shows variants on these types of networks that are applied in a variety of spheres, including reasoning from a geographic database, legal decision making, story comprehension, and performing arithmetic operations; * discusses knowledge representation process in living organisms, including evidence from experimental psychology, behavioral neurobiology, and electroencephalographic responses to sensory stimuli.

Knowledge Acquisition for Expert Systems

Knowledge Acquisition for Expert Systems Book
Author : A. Kidd
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461318238
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Building an expert system involves eliciting, analyzing, and interpreting the knowledge that a human expert uses when solving problems. Expe rience has shown that this process of "knowledge acquisition" is both difficult and time consuming and is often a major bottleneck in the production of expert systems. Unfortunately, an adequate theoretical basis for knowledge acquisition has not yet been established. This re quires a classification of knowledge domains and problem-solving tasks and an improved understanding of the relationship between knowledge structures in human and machine. In the meantime, expert system builders need access to information about the techniques currently being employed and their effectiveness in different applications. The aim of this book, therefore, is to draw on the experience of AI scientists, cognitive psychologists, and knowledge engineers in discussing particular acquisition techniques and providing practical advice on their application. Each chapter provides a detailed description of a particular technique or methodology applied within a selected task domain. The relative strengths and weaknesses of the tech nique are summarized at the end of each chapter with some suggested guidelines for its use. We hope that this book will not only serve as a practical handbook for expert system builders, but also be of interest to AI and cognitive scientists who are seeking to develop a theory of knowledge acquisition for expert systems.

The Handbook of Artificial Intelligence

The Handbook of Artificial Intelligence Book
Author : Paul R. Cohen,Edward A. Feigenbaum
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2014-06-05
ISBN : 1483214397
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Handbook of Artificial Intelligence, Volume I focuses on the progress in artificial intelligence (AI) and its increasing applications, including parsing, grammars, and search methods. The book first elaborates on AI, AI handbook and literature, problem representation, search methods, and sample search programs. The text then ponders on representation of knowledge, including survey of representation techniques and representation schemes. The manuscript explores understanding natural languages, as well as machine translation, grammars, parsing, test generation, and natural language processing systems. The book also takes a look at understanding spoken language, including systems architecture and the ARPA SUR projects. The text is a valuable source of information for computer science experts and researchers interested in pursuing further research in artificial intelligence

Handbook of Information Science

Handbook of Information Science Book
Author : Wolfgang G. Stock,Mechtild Stock
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
Release : 2013-07-31
ISBN : 3110235005
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Dealing with information is one of the vital skills in the 21st century. It takes a fair degree of information savvy to create, represent and supply information as well as to search for and retrieve relevant knowledge. How does information (documents, pieces of knowledge) have to be organized in order to be retrievable? What role does metadata play? What are search engines on the Web, or in corporate intranets, and how do they work? How must one deal with natural language processing and tools of knowledge organization, such as thesauri, classification systems, and ontologies? How useful is social tagging? How valuable are intellectually created abstracts and automatically prepared extracts? Which empirical methods allow for user research and which for the evaluation of information systems? This Handbook is a basic work of information science, providing a comprehensive overview of the current state of information retrieval and knowledge representation. It addresses readers from all professions and scientific disciplines, but particularly scholars, practitioners and students of Information Science, Library Science, Computer Science, Information Management, and Knowledge Management. This Handbook is a suitable reference work for Public and Academic Libraries.

The Description Logic Handbook

The Description Logic Handbook Book
Author : Franz Baader,Diego Calvanese,Deborah McGuinness,Peter Patel-Schneider,Daniele Nardi
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2003-01-09
ISBN : 9780521781763
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Table of contents

Handbook of Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering

Handbook of Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering Book
Author : S K Chang
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2002-05-10
ISBN : 9814491780
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Readership: Graduate students, researchers, programmers, managers and academics in software engineering and knowledge engineering.Key Features: There are no other handbooks in the market in this area.Keywords:

Handbook of Automated Reasoning

Handbook of Automated Reasoning Book
Author : John Alan Robinson,Andrei Voronkov
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2001
ISBN : 9780262182218
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive resource on automated reasoning and its applications.

The International Handbook on Innovation

The International Handbook on Innovation Book
Author : Larisa V. Shavinina
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2003
ISBN : 008044198X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Most comprehensive and authoritative account available of what innovation is, how it is measured, how it is developed, how it is managed, and how it affects individuals, corporations, societies and the world as a whole." - cover.

Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery Handbook

Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery Handbook Book
Author : Oded Maimon,Lior Rokach
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-05-28
ISBN : 038725465X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery Handbook organizes all major concepts, theories, methodologies, trends, challenges and applications of data mining (DM) and knowledge discovery in databases (KDD) into a coherent and unified repository. This book first surveys, then provides comprehensive yet concise algorithmic descriptions of methods, including classic methods plus the extensions and novel methods developed recently. This volume concludes with in-depth descriptions of data mining applications in various interdisciplinary industries including finance, marketing, medicine, biology, engineering, telecommunications, software, and security. Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery Handbook is designed for research scientists and graduate-level students in computer science and engineering. This book is also suitable for professionals in fields such as computing applications, information systems management, and strategic research management.

Knowledge Service Engineering Handbook

Knowledge Service Engineering Handbook Book
Author : Jussi Kantola,Waldemar Karwowski
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-05-17
ISBN : 1439852944
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Edited by Jussi Kantola, the founding faculty member of the world’s first university Knowledge Service Engineering Department at Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, and Waldemar Karwowski from the Department of Industrial Engineering and Management Systems at UCF, Knowledge Service Engineering Handbook defines what knowledge services engineering means and how it is different from service engineering and service production. This groundbreaking handbook explores recent advances in knowledge service engineering from the accomplished researchers and practitioners in this field from around the world and provides engineering, systemic, industry, and consumer use viewpoints to knowledge service systems and engineering paradigms. The handbook outlines how to acquire and utilize knowledge in the 21st century presenting multiple cultural aspects including US, European, and Asian perspectives. Organized into four parts, it begins with an introduction to the main concepts of knowledge services. It then explores data, information and knowledge based engineering methods and applications that can be used to develop knowledge services, followed by discussions of the importance of human networks in knowledge services. The handbook concludes with descriptions of high-performance knowledge service systems. This structure allows different uses: the information can be looked up as needed or read in the order presented. As with any new field, the excitement lies in seeing how to combine these advances in data, information, and human parts of knowledge services in the future. While most books on this subject concentrate on data, information, or knowledge, this handbook integrates coverage of all three, thus providing a complete examination of sustainable knowledge services. The handbook has been carefully designed to be of use to professionals who develop new knowledge services and related businesses, for academic researchers and lecturers to start new research projects, and for students studying knowledge services, knowledge service production, and knowledge service business.

Handbook of Research on Educational Communications and Technology

Handbook of Research on Educational Communications and Technology Book
Author : David H. Jonassen,Association for Educational Communications and Technology
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0805841458
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This edition of this handbook updates and expands its review of the research, theory, issues and methodology that constitute the field of educational communications and technology. Organized into seven sectors, it profiles and integrates the following elements of this rapidly changing field.

Knowledge Management

Knowledge Management Book
Author : Jay Liebowitz
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2001-03-28
ISBN : 9781420041125
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Knowledge Management (KM) is strongly rooted in the discipline of Knowledge Engineering (KE), which in turn grew partly out of the artificial intelligence field. Despite their close relationship, however, many KM specialists have failed to fully recognize the synergy or acknowledge the power that KE methodologies, techniques, and tools hold for enh

Handbook of Research on Knowledge Intensive Organizations

Handbook of Research on Knowledge Intensive Organizations Book
Author : Jemielniak, Dariusz,Kociatkiewicz, Jerzy
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2009-03-31
ISBN : 1605661775
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Provides an international collection of studies on knowledge-intensive organizations with insight into organizational realities as varied as universities, consulting agencies, corporations, and high-tech start-ups.

Handbook on Complexity and Public Policy

Handbook on Complexity and Public Policy Book
Author : Robert Geyer,Paul Cairney
Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
Release : 2015-05-29
ISBN : 1782549528
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

'Over recent years Complexity Science has revealed to us new limits to our possible knowledge and control in social, cultural and economic systems. Instead of supposing that past statistics and patterns will give us predictable outcomes for possible actions, we now know the world is, and will always be, creative and surprising. Continuous structural evolution within such systems may change the mechanisms, descriptors, problems and opportunities, often negating policy aims. We therefore need to redevelop our thinking about interventions, policies and policy making, moving perhaps to a humbler, more 'learning' approach. In this Handbook, leading thinkers in multiple domains set out these new ideas and allow us to understand how these new ideas are changing policymaking and policies in this new era.' - Peter M Allen, Cranfield University, UK