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Handbook Of Hydrothermal Technology

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Handbook of Hydrothermal Technology

Handbook of Hydrothermal Technology Book
Author : K. Byrappa,Masahiro Yoshimura
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2012-12-31
ISBN : 1437778364
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Quartz, zeolites, gemstones, perovskite type oxides, ferrite, carbon allotropes, complex coordinated compounds and many more -- all products now being produced using hydrothermal technology. Handbook of Hydrothermal Technology brings together the latest techniques in this rapidly advancing field in one exceptionally useful, long-needed volume. The handbook provides a single source for understanding how aqueous solvents or mineralizers work under temperature and pressure to dissolve and recrystallize normally insoluble materials, and decompose or recycle any waste material. The result, as the authors show in the book, is technologically the most efficient method in crystal growth, materials processing, and waste treatment. The book gives scientists and technologists an overview of the entire subject including: À Evolution of the technology from geology to widespread industrial use. À Descriptions of equipment used in the process and how it works. À Problems involved with the growth of crystals, processing of technological materials, environmental and safety issues. À Analysis of the direction of today's technology. In addition, readers get a close look at the hydrothermal synthesis of zeolites, fluorides, sulfides, tungstates, and molybdates, as well as native elements and simple oxides. Delving into the commercial production of various types, the authors clarify the effects of temperature, pressure, solvents, and various other chemical components on the hydrothermal processes. Gives an overview of the evolution of Hydrothermal Technology from geology to widespread industrial use Describes the equipment used in the process and how it works Discusses problems involved with the growth of crystals, processing of technological materials, and environmental and safety issues

Sub and Supercritical Hydrothermal Technology

Sub  and Supercritical Hydrothermal Technology Book
Author : Sandeep Kumar,Florin Barla
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-11-28
ISBN : 1351618288
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sub- and Supercritical Hydrothermal Technology: Industrial Applications offers a practical view of a variety of industrial applications and their challenges, offering a deep understanding of the application of sub- and supercritical fluids and their techno-economic viability. This book covers a wide range of applications of hydrothermal processing that result in almost zero waste, high energy efficiency, sustainable chemical processes, and minimal impact over the life cycle. These applications include processing of hazardous waste, bioproducts, coal, lipids, heavy oil and bitumen, and carbon materials. The use of hot-compressed water instead of different organic solvents, such as methanol, acetone, and hexane, is an environmentally benign, green, and sustainable option which can help to design chemical processes that support green chemistry and engineering. This book is pertinent for researchers and professionals in the fields of chemical engineering, industrial chemistry, environmental engineering, materials engineering, and manufacturing.

Handbook of Hydrothermal Technology

Handbook of Hydrothermal Technology Book
Author : K. Byrappa,Masahiro Yoshimura
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2001-02-01
ISBN : 9780815517542
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Quartz, zeolites, gemstones, perovskite type oxides, ferrite, carbon allotropes, complex coordinated compounds and many moreùall products now being produced using hydrothermal technology. Handbook of Hydrothermal Technology brings together the latest techniques in this rapidly advancing field in one exceptionally useful, long-needed volume. The handbook provides a single source for understanding how aqueous solvents or mineralizers work under temperature and pressure to dissolve and recrystallize normally insoluble materials, and decompose or recycle any waste material. The result, as the authors show in the book, is technologically the most efficient method in crystal growth, materials processing, and waste treatment. The book gives scientists and technologists an overview of the entire subject including: ò Evolution of the technology from geology to widespread industrial use. ò Descriptions of equipment used in the process and how it works. ò Problems involved with the growth of crystals, processing of technological materials, environmental and safety issues. ò Analysis of the direction of today's technology. In addition, readers get a close look at the hydrothermal synthesis of zeolites, fluorides, sulfides, tungstates, and molybdates, as well as native elements and simple oxides. Delving into the commercial production of various types, the authors clarify the effects of temperature, pressure, solvents, and various other chemical components on the hydrothermal processes.

Nanomaterials Handbook

Nanomaterials Handbook Book
Author : Yury Gogotsi
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-08-09
ISBN : 1498703070
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This title features 11 new chapters unique to this edition, including chapters on grain boundaries in graphene, 2D metal carbides and carbonitrides, mechanics of carbon nanotubes and nanomaterials, biomedical applications, oxidation and purification of carbon nanostructures, sintering of nanoceramics, hydrothermal processing, nanofibers, and nanomaterials safety. It offers a comprehensive approach with a focus on inorganic and carbon-based nanomaterials, including fundamentals, applications, synthesis, and characterization. This book also provides a unique angle from the nanomaterial point of view on application, synthesis, and characterization not found in any other nanomaterials book on the market.

Kirk Othmer Concise Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology 2 Volume Set

Kirk Othmer Concise Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology  2 Volume Set Book
Author : Kirk-Othmer
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2007-07-16
ISBN : 0470047488
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is an easily-accessible two-volume encyclopedia summarizing all the articles in the main volumes Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology, Fifth Edition organized alphabetically. Written by prominent scholars from industry, academia, and research institutions, the Encyclopedia presents a wide scope of articles on chemical substances, properties, manufacturing, and uses; on industrial processes, unit operations in chemical engineering; and on fundamentals and scientific subjects related to the field.

Thin film materials technology

Thin film materials technology Book
Author : Kiyotaka Wasa,Makoto Kitabatake,Hideaki Adachi
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2004-09-24
ISBN : 9783540211181
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This title contains rich historical coverage of the basics and new experimental and technological information about ceramic thin film and large-area functional coating. Included are principles and examples of making thin-film materials and devices.

Adhesives Technology for Electronic Applications

Adhesives Technology for Electronic Applications Book
Author : James J. Licari,Dale W. Swanson
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2005-08-30
ISBN : 0815516002
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is unique in its comprehensive coverage of all aspects of adhesive technology for microelectronic devices and packaging, from theory to bonding to test procedures. In addition to general applications, such as dies, substrate, and lid and chip stack attachments, the book includes new developments in anisotropic, electrically conductive, and underfill adhesives. Rapid curing methods such as UV, microwave, and moisture (which comply with current environmental and energy requirements) are covered. Over 80 tables and 120 figures provide a wealth of data on properties, performance, and reliability. Also included are examples of commercially available adhesives, suppliers, and equipment. Each chapter provides comprehensive references.

Ceramics Science and Technology Volume 3

Ceramics Science and Technology  Volume 3 Book
Author : Ralf Riedel,I-Wei Chen
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-12-12
ISBN : 3527311572
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Although ceramics have been known to mankind literally for millennia, research has never ceased. Apart from the classic uses as a bulk material in pottery, construction, and decoration, the latter half of the twentieth century saw an explosive growth of application fields, such as electrical and thermal insulators, wear-resistant bearings, surface coatings, lightweight armour, or aerospace materials. In addition to plain, hard solids, modern ceramics come in many new guises such as fabrics, ultrathin films, microstructures and hybrid composites. Built on the solid foundations laid down by the 20-volume series Materials Science and Technology, Ceramics Science and Technology picks out this exciting material class and illuminates it from all sides. Materials scientists, engineers, chemists, biochemists, physicists and medical researchers alike will find this work a treasure trove for a wide range of ceramics knowledge from theory and fundamentals to practical approaches and problem solutions.

Hydrothermal Properties of Materials

Hydrothermal Properties of Materials Book
Author : Vladimir Valyashko
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2008-12-16
ISBN : 0470094664
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hydrothermal Properties of Materials: Experimental Data on Aqueous Phase Equilibria and Solution Properties at Elevated Temperatures and Pressures is designed for any scientists and engineer who deals with hydrothermal investigations and technologies. The book is organized into eight chapters, each dealing with a key physical property of behavior of solutions, so that a reader can obtain information on: hydrothermal experimental methods; available experimental data and the main features of properties behavior in a wide range of temperatures and pressures; and possible ways of experimental data processing for obtaining the derivative properties.

Multifunctional Oxide Based Materials From Synthesis to Application

Multifunctional Oxide Based Materials  From Synthesis to Application Book
Author : Teofil Jesionowski,Filip Ciesielczyk
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-09-03
ISBN : 3039213970
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book deals with novel aspects and perspectives in metal oxide and hybrid material fabrication. The contributions are mainly focused on the search for a new group of advanced materials with designed physicochemical properties, especially an expanded porous structure and defined surface activity. The proposed technological procedures result in an enhanced activity of the synthesized hybrid materials, which is of great importance when considering their potential fields of application. The use of such materials in different technological disciplines, including aspects associated with environmental protection, allows for the verification of the proposed synthesis method. Thus, it can be stated that those aspects are of interdisciplinary character and may be located at the interface of three scientific disciplines—chemistry, materials science, and engineering—as well as environmental protection. Furthermore, the presented scientific scope is in some way an answer to the continuous demand for such types of materials and opens new perspectives for their practical use

Metal Organic Frameworks for Biomedical Applications

Metal Organic Frameworks for Biomedical Applications Book
Author : Masoud Mozafari
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-03-17
ISBN : 0128169842
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metal-Organic Frameworks for Biomedical Applications is a comprehensive, authoritative reference that offers a substantial and complete treatment of published results that have yet to be critically reviewed. It offers a summary of current research and provides in-depth understanding of the role of metal-organic frameworks in biomedical engineering. The title consists of twenty-two chapters presented by leading international researchers in the field. Chapters are arranged by target-application in biomedical engineering, allowing medical and pharmaceutic specialists to translate current materials and engineering science on metal-organic frameworks into their work. Presents the state-of-the art in metal-organic frameworks for biomedical applications Offers comprehensive treatment of metal-organic frameworks that is useful to pharmaceutic and medical experts who are non-specialists in materials science Helps materials scientists and engineers understand the needs of biomedical engineering Critically-reviews published results and current research in the field

Biomaterials in Asia

Biomaterials in Asia Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2023-01-31
ISBN : 9814469645
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Biomaterials in Asia book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Nanostructured Materials 2nd Edition

Nanostructured Materials  2nd Edition Book
Author : Carl C. Koch
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2006-12-01
ISBN : 0815518420
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanostructured materials are one of the highest profile classes of materials in science and engineering today, and will continue to be well into the future. Potential applications are widely varied, including washing machine sensors, drug delivery devices to combat avian flu, and more efficient solar panels. Broad and multidisciplinary, the field includes multilayer films, atomic clusters, nanocrystalline materials, and nanocomposites having remarkable variations in fundamental electrical, optic, and magnetic properties. Nanostructured Materials: Processing, Properties and Applications, 2nd Edition is an extensive update to the exceptional first edition snapshot of this rapidly advancing field. Retaining the organization of the first edition, Part 1 covers the important synthesis and processing methods for the production of nanocrystalline materials. Part 2 focuses on selected properties of nanostructured materials. Potential or existing applications are described as appropriate throughout the book. The second edition has been updated throughout for the latest advances and includes two additional chapters.

Perovskite Ceramics

Perovskite Ceramics Book
Author : Jose Luis Clabel Huaman,Victor Anthony Garcia Rivera
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-11-21
ISBN : 0323907105
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Perovskite-based ceramics are a significant class of innovative materials with fascinating physical properties, which are now receiving intensive research attention in condensed matter physics and in the area of practical device applications. Perovskite Ceramics provides a state-of-the-art review on the latest advances in perovskite-based ceramic materials, as well as the development of devices from these materials for different applications. Perovskite Ceramics: Recent Advances and Emerging Applications is divided into two main parts. The first part focuses on the basics of perovskite-based ceramic materials and includes chapters on the fundamentals, synthesis and processing, characterization, and properties of these materials. Chapters are also included on bulk and thin materials, phase transitions, polaronic effects and the compensation and screening of ferroelectricity. This section will allow the reader to familiarize themselves with the standard traditional approach, but it will also introduce new concepts that are fast evolving in this field. The second part presents an extensive review of up-to-date research on new and innovative advances in perovskite-based ceramic materials. Chapters cover multiferroic applications, lead-free perovskites, energy storage applications, perovskite-based memories, light manipulation and spectral modifications, and solar cells and fuel cells. All these fields of research are rapidly evolving, so the book acts a platform to showcase latest results on optical strategies and materials for light manipulation, and spectral up- and down-conversion too (mainly rare earth doped oxides and complexes). The book will be an essential reference resource for academic and industrial researchers working in materials research and development particularly in functional and oxide ceramics and perovskites. A comprehensive and systematic review of advanced research in perovskite-based ceramics Covers both oxide and halide perovskites, their synthesis, processing, properties and applications Presents advanced methods of synthesis as well as latest applications Discusses all aspects from theory to production Covers the most important advances both in terms of new materials and application strategies

Tribology of Abrasive Machining Processes

Tribology of Abrasive Machining Processes Book
Author : Ioan D. Marinescu,W. Brian Rowe,Boris Dimitrov,Ichiro Inaski
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2004-05-26
ISBN : 0815519389
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent and radically improved machining processes, from high wheel speeds to nanotechnology, have turned a spotlight on abrasive machining processes as a fertile area for further advancements. Written for researchers, students, engineers and technicians in manufacturing, this book presents a fundamental rethinking of important tribological elements of abrasive machining processes and their effects on process efficiency and product quality. Newer processes such as chemical mechanical polishing (CMP) and silicon wafer dicing can be better understood as tribological processes. Understanding the tribological principles of abrasive processes is crucial to discovering improvements in accuracy, production rate, and surface quality of products spanning all industries, from machine parts to ball bearings to contact lens to semiconductors.

Mechanical Alloying

Mechanical Alloying Book
Author : M. Sherif El-Eskandarany
Publisher : Univ. Press of Mississippi
Release : 2013-01-15
ISBN : 0080946887
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The introductory chapter gives an overview of the medical applications of plastics and the specific performance requirements they need to meet. The following chapters discuss various degrading environments and their effects, including environmental stress cracking, effect of body liquids, effect of harsh environments, and various methods of sterilization. The book also discusses the failure of medical devices due to contamination, low temperature, the effects of UV light, migration of formulation components, mechanical stresses, and problems with design and fabrication. Case histories of failures of some common products used in medicine are also provided.

Ultrananocrystalline Diamond

Ultrananocrystalline Diamond Book
Author : Olga A. Shenderova,Dieter M. Gruen
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2006-08-10
ISBN : 0815519427
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ultrananocrystalline Diamond: Syntheses, Properties, and Applications is a unique practical reference handbook that brings together the basic science of nanoscale carbon structures, particularly its diamond phase, with detailed information on nanodiamond synthesis, properties, and applications. Here you will learn about UNCD in its two forms, as a dispersed powder made by detonation techniques and as a chemical vapor deposited film. You will also learn about the superior mechanical, tribological, transport, electrochemical, and electron emission properties of UNCD for a wide range of applications including MEMS, NEMS, surface acoustic wave (SAW) devices, electrochemical sensors, coatings for field emission arrays, photonic and RF switching, biosensors, and neural prostheses, and more. This ôEverything about Ultra-nanocrystalline Diamondö book with 16 chapters is written by leading experts worldwide. It is for everyone who researches carbon nanostructures, everyone who produces them, everyone who characterizes them, and everyone who builds devices using them.

Biomaterials in Clinical Practice

Biomaterials in Clinical Practice Book
Author : Fatima Zivic,Saverio Affatato,Miroslav Trajanovic,Matthias Schnabelrauch,Nenad Grujovic,Kwang Leong Choy
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-10-20
ISBN : 3319680250
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers the properties of biomaterials that have found wide clinical applications, while also reviewing the state-of-the-art in the development towards future medical applications, starting with a brief introduction to the history of biomaterials used in hip arthroplasty. The book then reviews general types of biomaterials – polymers, ceramics, and metals, as well as different material structures such as porous materials and coatings and their applications – before exploring various current research trends, such as biodegradable and porous metals, shape memory alloys, bioactive biomaterials and coatings, and nanometals used in the diagnosis and therapy of cancer. In turn, the book discusses a range of methods and approaches used in connection with biomaterial properties and characterization – chemical properties, biocompatibility, in vivo behaviour characterisation, as well as genotoxicity and mutagenicity – and reviews various diagnostic techniques: histopathological analysis, imagining techniques, and methods for physicochemical and spectroscopic characterization. Properties of stent deployment procedures in cardiovascular surgeries, from aspects of prediction, development and deployment of stent geometries are presented on the basis of novel modelling approaches. The last part of the book presents the clinical applications of biomaterials, together with case studies in dentistry, knee and hip prosthesis. Reflecting the efforts of a multidisciplinary team of authors, gathering chemical engineers, medical doctors, physicists and engineers, it presents a rich blend of perspectives on the application of biomaterials in clinical practice. The book will provide clinicians with an essential review of currently available solutions in specific medical areas, also incorporating non-medical solutions and standpoints, thus offering them a broader selection of materials and implantable solutions. This work is the result of joint efforts of various academic and research institutions participating in WIMB Tempus project, 543898-TEMPUS-1-2013-1-ES-TEMPUS-JPHES, "Development of Sustainable Interrelations between Education, Research and Innovation at WBC Universities in Nanotechnologies and Advanced Materials where Innovation Means Business", co-funded by the Tempus Programme of the European Union.

Perovskite Materials

Perovskite Materials Book
Author : Likun Pan,Guang Zhu
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2016-02-03
ISBN : 9535122452
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book summarizes the current state of the know-how in the field of perovskite materials: synthesis, characterization, properties, and applications. Most chapters include a review on the actual knowledge and cutting-edge research results. Thus, this book is an essential source of reference for scientists with research fields in energy, physics, chemistry and materials. It is also a suitable reading material for graduate students.

Polymers Opportunities and Risks I

Polymers   Opportunities and Risks I Book
Author : Peter Eyerer
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2010-08-06
ISBN : 3540884173
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since their first industrial use polymers have gained a tremendous success. The two volumes of "Polymers - Opportunities and Risks" elaborate on both their potentials and on the impact on the environment arising from their production and applications. Volume 11 "Polymers - Opportunities and Risks I: General and Environmental Aspects" is dedicated to the basics of the engineering of polymers – always with a view to possible environmental implications. Topics include: materials, processing, designing, surfaces, the utilization phase, recycling, and depositing. Volume 12 "Polymers - Opportunities and Risks II: Sustainability, Product Design and Processing" highlights raw materials and renewable polymers, sustainability, additives for manufacture and processing, melt modification, biodegradation, adhesive technologies, and solar applications. All contributions were written by leading experts with substantial practical experience in their fields. They are an invaluable source of information not only for scientists, but also for environmental managers and decision makers.