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Handbook Of Functionalized Nanomaterials For Industrial Applications

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Handbook of Functionalized Nanomaterials for Industrial Applications

Handbook of Functionalized Nanomaterials for Industrial Applications Book
Author : Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-04
ISBN : 0128167874
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Functionalized nanomaterials have extremely useful properties, which can outperform their conventional counterparts because of their superior chemical, physical, and mechanical properties and exceptional formability. They are being used for the development and innovation in a range of industrial sectors. However, the use of functionalized nanomaterials is still in its infancy in many industrial settings. Functionalized nanomaterials have the potential to create cheaper and more effective consumer products and industrial processes. However, they also could have adverse effects on the environment, human health, and safety, and their sustainability is questionable, if used incorrectly. This book discusses the opportunities and challenges of using functionalized nanomaterials in a variety of major industrial sectors. Handbook of Functionalized Nanomaterials for Industrial Applications provides a concise summary of the major applications of functionalized nanomaterials in industry today. It covers the enhancements in industrial techniques and processes, due to functionalized nanomaterials, showing how they substantially improve the performance of existing procedures, and how they can deliver exciting consumer products more cheaply. Emphasis is given to greener approaches, leading to more sustainable products and devices. The legal, economical, and toxicity aspects of functionalized nanomaterials are also discussed in detail.

Handbook of Functionalized Nanomaterials

Handbook of Functionalized Nanomaterials Book
Author : Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain,Vineet Kumar
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-08-01
ISBN : 0128224355
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Functionalized Nanomaterials: Environmental Health and Safety discusses the reactive properties of FNMs used in a range of applications, and their toxic impact on the environment. Nanomaterials have unique properties that can make them highly reactive. This reactivity can cause unwanted interactions with living cells, an increase in oxidative stress or damage to genetic material - resulting in damage to the environment and local wildlife. This negative impact is often further increased after surface functionalization of nanomaterials with other materials which offer unique properties of their own. To ensure environmental safety and ecological balance, rigorous toxicity testing of functionalized nanomaterials (FNMs) is necessary. This book discusses the toxicological uncertainties of FNMs and the limitations of FNMs in a range of applications. Later chapters propose methods to reliably assess the harm that functionalized nanomaterials can cause to the environment and wildlife, as well covering recent developments in the field of environmental health safety. The book concludes with a discussion on the future prospects of safe functionalized nanomaterials. Offers a novel, integrated approach, bridging the gap between FNMs and environmental health and safety Analyses the reactive properties of FNMs and their toxicological potential Provides an in-depth look at the impact of functionalized nanomaterials on the environment

Functionalized Nanomaterials Based Devices for Environmental Applications

Functionalized Nanomaterials Based Devices for Environmental Applications Book
Author : Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain,Sudheesh K. Shukla,Girish M. Joshi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-08-01
ISBN : 0128232706
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Environmental devices help in monitoring the collection of one or more measurements that are used to access the status of an environment. Today, environmental monitoring and analytical methods are among the most rapidly developing branches of analysis. The functionalization of nanomaterials in the field of environmental science has increasing importance with regards to the fabrication of devices. Functionalized nanomaterials reformulate new materials and advanced characteristics for improved application in comparison to old fashion materials and open an opportunity for the development of devices for introducing new technology and techniques for monitoring environmental challenges. The monitoring of these environmental challenges in advances have direct impact on health and sustainability. Functionalized nanomaterials have different mechanical, absorption, optical or electrical properties than original nanomaterials. In fact, major utilization of nanomaterials occurs in their functionalized forms, which are very different from the parent material. This handbook provides an overview of the different state-of-the-art materials, devices and environmental applications of functionalized nanomaterials. In addition, the information offers a platform for ongoing research in the field of environmental science and device fabrication. The main objective of this book is to cover the major areas focusing on the functionalization of nanomaterials, device fabrication along with different techniques and environmental applications of functionalized nanomaterials-based devices. This is an important reference source for materials scientists, engineers and environmental scientsts who are looking to increase their understanding of how functionalized nanomaterial-based devices are being used for environmental monitoring applications. Helps the reader to understand the basic principles of functionalization of nanomaterials Highlights fabrication and characterization methods for functionalized nanomaterials-based environmental monitoring devices Assesses the major challenges of creating devices using functionalized nanomaterials on a mass scale

Handbook of Nanomaterials for Industrial Applications

Handbook of Nanomaterials for Industrial Applications Book
Author : Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-07-19
ISBN : 012813352X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Nanomaterials for Industrial Applications explores the use of novel nanomaterials in the industrial arena. The book covers nanomaterials and the techniques that can play vital roles in many industrial procedures, such as increasing sensitivity, magnifying precision and improving production limits. In addition, the book stresses that these approaches tend to provide green, sustainable solutions for industrial developments. Finally, the legal, economical and toxicity aspects of nanomaterials are covered in detail, making this is a comprehensive, important resource for anyone wanting to learn more about how nanomaterials are changing the way we create products in modern industry. Demonstrates how cutting-edge developments in nanomaterials translate into real-world innovations in a range of industry sectors Explores how using nanomaterials can help engineers to create innovative consumer products Discusses the legal, economical and toxicity issues arising from the industrial applications of nanomaterials

Handbook of Functional Nanomaterials

Handbook of Functional Nanomaterials Book
Author : Mahmood Aliofkhazraei
Publisher : Nova Science Pub Incorporated
Release : 2014-01-07
ISBN : 9781629485669
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the third volume of the "Handbook of Functional Nanomaterials" (4 volume set). Functional nanomaterials appear in our daily lives. These materials mainly include nanocomposites, nanopowders, nanoparticles and nanocoatings. Nanotechnology enables the creation of structures that do not exist in nature, those which cannot be produced by conventional chemistry. Some advantages of this technology are the synthesis of stronger, more adjustable materials as well as lower costs. Nanotechnology is scientific and research development at the atomic, molecular, or macromolecular levels in a dimension range of 1 to 100 nm; the fabrication and application of the structures, equipment, and systems which involve unique characteristics and new applications because of their small or medium dimensions; and the potential for the control and management at atomic scales. Therefore, nanotechnology involves industrial research and development at atomic, molecular, and macromolecular levels. This research aims to create and exploit the structures and systems which involve unique applications due to their small dimensions. The main difference between nanotechnology and other technologies is found within the dimensions and properties of the materials and structures applied to this technology. As a matter of fact, the main difference between these two types of technologies is the presence of base elements, which are indeed the same nanoscale elements with different properties in their nanoscale and larger states. Due to the developed properties of the very fine powders including surface chemistry, compressive properties, optical characteristics, and synthetic reactions, as well as an increasing demand for fine powders in industries, a very fine fragmentation is applied in many materials such as: minerals, ceramics, dyes, chemicals, microorganisms, pharmaceuticals and paper manufacturing. This volume mainly discusses the application and development of functional nanomaterials. Some of the functional nanomaterials that were discussed in this volume are titania nanostructures, hybrid nanomaterials based on nanoclays, multifunctional nanomedicine, nanocomposites using polypyrrole, metallic nanoparticles, quantum dots, fullerenes and capped nanotubes, graphene, nanocomposite coatings, functionalized carbon nanotube, nanopowders.

Biopolymer Based Nano Films

Biopolymer Based Nano Films Book
Author : Mahendra Rai,Carolina Alves Dos Santos
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-02-10
ISBN : 0128233826
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biopolymer-Based Nano Films: Applications in Food Packaging and Wound Healing covers a variety of biofilms, including active biofilms, nisin-silver nano-films, silk fibroin-based composite films, lignocellulose/cellulose-based biofilms, carboxymethyl cellulose-coated polypropylene, hybrid film-loaded antimicrobials, chitosan hybrid systems, pullulan, and biopolymers films. The applications of these nano-biofilms in different fields, particularly in food packaging, wound healing, and as potential antimicrobials against new, emerging, and multidrug resistant microbes are also discussed. This is an important resource for researchers in the fields of pharmacology, nanotechnology, microbiology, biotechnology, and for clinicians. The possibility of associating nanotechnology with biotechnology helps with the creation of innovative new products and the development of processes at the molecular level. Within this context, nanobiotechnology advances and revolutionizes several scientific fields. In the development of new technologies and products, it is also necessary to develop "platforms" that allow the specific application and delivery of compounds/actives in a controlled, specific and non-toxic way. Covers a variety of biofilms Outlines the fundamental properties and major applications of nanostructured biofilms Associates nanotechnology with biotechnology and how they can help with the creation of innovative new products and the development of processes at the molecular level

Functionalized Nanomaterials II

Functionalized Nanomaterials II Book
Author : Vineet Kumar,Praveen Guleria,Nandita Dasgupta,Shivendu Ranjan
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-04-06
ISBN : 1351021362
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The functionalization of nanomaterials provides them with some unique properties, making the same nanomaterial amenable for various applications by simply manipulating functional components. However, functionalized nanomaterials also face some challenges, along with some encouraging new applications in the future. This book provides a detailed account of applications of the functionalization of nanomaterials. This book can serve as a reference book for scientific investigators, including doctoral and post-doctoral scholars and undergraduate and graduate students, in context with the scope of applications of functionalized nanomaterials. It also highlights recent advances, challenges, and opportunities in the application of nanomaterials. This book will provide critical and comparative data for nanotechnologists. It may also be beneficial for multidisciplinary researchers, industry personnel, journalists, policy makers, and the common public to understand the scope of functionalized nanomaterials in detail and in depth. Features: This book covers various applications of functionalized nanomaterials. It discusses recent global research trends and future applications of functionalized nanomaterials. It highlights the need for more rigorous regulatory frameworks for the safe use of functionalized nanomaterials. It contains contributions from international experts and will be a valuable resource for researchers.

Handbook of Nanomaterials for Sensing Applications

Handbook of Nanomaterials for Sensing Applications Book
Author : Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain,Suresh Kumar Kailasa
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-04-08
ISBN : 0128208848
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Nanomaterials for Intelligent Sensing Applications provides insights into the production of nanosensors and their applications. The book takes an interdisciplinary approach, showing how nano-enhanced sensing technology is being used in a variety of industry sectors and addressing related challenges surrounding the production, fabrication and application of nanomaterials-based sensors at both experimental and theoretical levels. This book is an important reference source for materials scientists and engineers who want to learn more about how nanomaterials are being used to enhance sensing products and devices for a variety of industry sectors. The pof miniaturized device components and engineering systems of micro- and nanoscale is beyond the capability of conventional machine tools. The production of intelligent sensors at nanometer scale presents great challenges to engineers in design and manufacture. The manufacturing of nano-scaled devices and components involves isolation, transportation and re-assembly of atoms and molecules. This nanomachining technology involves not only physical-chemical processes as in the case of microfabrication, but it also involves application and integration of the principles of molecular biology. Explains how the functionalization of nanomaterials is being used to create more effective sensors Explores the major challenges of using nanoscale sensors for industrial applications on a broad scale Assesses which classes of nanomaterial should best be used for sensing applications

Springer Handbook of Nanomaterials

Springer Handbook of Nanomaterials Book
Author : Robert Vajtai
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-08-20
ISBN : 364220595X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Springer Handbook of Nanomaterials covers the description of materials which have dimension on the "nanoscale". The description of the nanomaterials in this Handbook follows the thorough but concise explanation of the synergy of structure, properties, processing and applications of the given material. The Handbook mainly describes materials in their solid phase; exceptions might be e.g. small sized liquid aerosols or gas bubbles in liquids. The materials are organized by their dimensionality. Zero dimensional structures collect clusters, nanoparticles and quantum dots, one dimensional are nanowires and nanotubes, while two dimensional are represented by thin films and surfaces. The chapters in these larger topics are written on a specific materials and dimensionality combination, e.g. ceramic nanowires. Chapters are authored by well-established and well-known scientists of the particular field. They have measurable part of publications and an important role in establishing new knowledge of the particular field.

Nanotechnology in Environmental Science 2 Volumes

Nanotechnology in Environmental Science  2 Volumes Book
Author : Prof. Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain,Ajay Kumar Mishra
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-04-23
ISBN : 352734294X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An overview of the current state of nanotechnology-based devices with applications in environmental science, focusing on nanomaterials and polymer nanocomposites. The handbook pays special attention to those nanotechnology-based approaches that promise easier, faster and cheaper processes in environmental monitoring and remediation. Furthermore, it presents up-to-date information on the economics, toxicity and regulations related to nanotechnology in detail. The book closes with a look at the role of nanotechnology for a green and sustainable future. With its coverage of existing and soon-to-be-realized devices this is an indispensable reference for both academic and corporate R&D.

Handbook of Nanomaterials for Sensing Applications

Handbook of Nanomaterials for Sensing Applications Book
Author : Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain,Suresh Kumar Kailasa
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-04-21
ISBN : 0128207833
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Nanomaterials for Intelligent Sensing Applications provides insights into the production of nanosensors and their applications. The book takes an interdisciplinary approach, showing how nano-enhanced sensing technology is being used in a variety of industry sectors and addressing related challenges surrounding the production, fabrication and application of nanomaterials-based sensors at both experimental and theoretical levels. This book is an important reference source for materials scientists and engineers who want to learn more about how nanomaterials are being used to enhance sensing products and devices for a variety of industry sectors. The pof miniaturized device components and engineering systems of micro- and nanoscale is beyond the capability of conventional machine tools. The production of intelligent sensors at nanometer scale presents great challenges to engineers in design and manufacture. The manufacturing of nano-scaled devices and components involves isolation, transportation and re-assembly of atoms and molecules. This nanomachining technology involves not only physical-chemical processes as in the case of microfabrication, but it also involves application and integration of the principles of molecular biology. Explains how the functionalization of nanomaterials is being used to create more effective sensors Explores the major challenges of using nanoscale sensors for industrial applications on a broad scale Assesses which classes of nanomaterial should best be used for sensing applications

Polymer Nanocomposites Handbook

Polymer Nanocomposites Handbook Book
Author : Rakesh K. Gupta,Elliot Kennel,Kwang-Jea Kim
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2009-07-20
ISBN : 142000980X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Reflecting the exceptional growth in the use of nanostructured materials for an increasing range of industrial applications, Polymer Nanocomposites Handbook comprehensively covers the synthesis of nanomaterials that act as the building blocks of polymer nanocomposites and polymers that act as matrix materials. From early history to new technologies

Handbook of Nanoparticles

Handbook of Nanoparticles Book
Author : Mahmood Aliofkhazraei
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-09-30
ISBN : 9783319153377
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This Handbook covers all aspects of Nanoparticles, from their preparation to their practical application. The chapters present different ways to synthesize nanometer particles, as well as their functionalization and other surface treatments to allow them to a practical use. Several industrial applications of such nanometer particles are also covered in this Handbook. It is a complete reference for those working with Nanotechnology at the lab level, from students to professionals.

Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Nanoparticle Technology Handbook

Nanoparticle Technology Handbook Book
Author : Kiyoshi Nogi,Masuo Hosokawa,Makio Naito,Toyokazu Yokoyama
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0444563369
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The updated and expanded second edition of the Nanoparticle Technology Handbook is an authoritative reference providing both the theory behind nanoparticles and the practical applications of nanotechnology. The second edition is thoroughly updated and expanded with sixteen new chapters, providing a reference much broader in scope than the previous edition. Over 140 experts in nanotechnology and/or particle technology contributed to this new edition. Nanoparticle technology is a new and revolutionary technology, which is increasingly being used in electronic devices and nanomaterials. It handles the preparation, processing, application and characterisation of nanoparticles and has become the core of nanotechnology as an extension of the conventional fine particle / powder technology. Nanoparticle technology plays an important role in the implementation of nanotechnology in many engineering and industrial fields including electronic devices, advanced ceramics, new batteries, engineered catalysts, functional paint and ink, drug delivery system, biotechnology, etc.; and makes use of the unique properties of the nanoparticles which are completely different from those of bulk materials. The book includes not only the theory behind nanoparticles, but also the practical applications of nanotechnology. It examines future possibilities and new innovations and contains important knowledge on nanoparticle characterization and the effect of nanoparticles on the environment and on humans. The second edition of Nanoparticle Technology Handbook remains a valuable reference source for scientists and engineers working directly with fine particles and materials or in industries that handle these nanoparticles. Related areas include pharmaceutical products, ink or paint materials, electromagnetic memory devices, ceramic materials and plastic materials with high electro-conductivity. Introduction of all aspects of nanoparticle technology, from the fundamentals to applications Basic information on the preparation through to the characterization of nanoparticles from various viewpoints Information on nanostructures, which play an important role in practical applications Sixty applications of nanoparticles in diverse fields, from which sixteen newly added Up-to-date information given by specialists in each field Information on nanostructures made by nanoparticles, which play a major role in practical applications

Handbook of Research on Nanoscience Nanotechnology and Advanced Materials

Handbook of Research on Nanoscience  Nanotechnology  and Advanced Materials Book
Author : Bououdina, Mohamed
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2014-03-31
ISBN : 1466658258
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The burgeoning field of nanotechnology has led to many recent technological innovations and discoveries. Understanding the impact of these technologies on business, science, and industry is an important first step in developing applications for a variety of settings and contexts. Handbook of Research on Nanoscience, Nanotechnology, and Advanced Materials presents a detailed analysis of current experimental and theoretical approaches surrounding nanomaterials science. With applications in fields such as biomedicine, renewable energy, and synthetic materials, the research in this book will provide experimentalists, professionals, students, and academics with an in-depth understanding of nanoscience and its impact on modern technology.

Synthesis Functionalization and Surface Treatment of Nanoparticles

Synthesis  Functionalization and Surface Treatment of Nanoparticles Book
Author : Marie-Isabelle Baraton
Publisher : Amer Scientific Pub
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Synthesis, Functionalization and Surface Treatment of Nanoparticles is an area of crucial importance in the emerging field of nanotechnology. Controlling the surface chemical composition and mastering its modification at the nanometer scale are critical issues for high-added value applications involving nanoparticles. The basic applications of surface functionalization range from altering the wetting or adhesion characteristics and improving the nanoparticles dispersion in matrices to enhancing the catalytic properties and ordering the interfacial region, and such. The creation of specific surface sites on nanoparticles for selective molecular attachment is considered a promising approach for their applications in nanofabrication, nanopatterning, selfassembly, nanosensors, bioprobes, drug delivery, pigments, photocatalysis, LEDs, etc. This book presents novel and improved synthesis methods and approaches for controlling and functionalizing the nanoparticle surfaces to enhance the overall performance of the nanoparticles for targeted applications.

Nanoparticle Technology Handbook

Nanoparticle Technology Handbook Book
Author : Kiyoshi Nogi,Masuo Hosokawa,Makio Naito,Toyokazu Yokoyama
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0444563369
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The updated and expanded second edition of the Nanoparticle Technology Handbook is an authoritative reference providing both the theory behind nanoparticles and the practical applications of nanotechnology. The second edition is thoroughly updated and expanded with sixteen new chapters, providing a reference much broader in scope than the previous edition. Over 140 experts in nanotechnology and/or particle technology contributed to this new edition. Nanoparticle technology is a new and revolutionary technology, which is increasingly being used in electronic devices and nanomaterials. It handles the preparation, processing, application and characterisation of nanoparticles and has become the core of nanotechnology as an extension of the conventional fine particle / powder technology. Nanoparticle technology plays an important role in the implementation of nanotechnology in many engineering and industrial fields including electronic devices, advanced ceramics, new batteries, engineered catalysts, functional paint and ink, drug delivery system, biotechnology, etc.; and makes use of the unique properties of the nanoparticles which are completely different from those of bulk materials. The book includes not only the theory behind nanoparticles, but also the practical applications of nanotechnology. It examines future possibilities and new innovations and contains important knowledge on nanoparticle characterization and the effect of nanoparticles on the environment and on humans. The second edition of Nanoparticle Technology Handbook remains a valuable reference source for scientists and engineers working directly with fine particles and materials or in industries that handle these nanoparticles. Related areas include pharmaceutical products, ink or paint materials, electromagnetic memory devices, ceramic materials and plastic materials with high electro-conductivity. Introduction of all aspects of nanoparticle technology, from the fundamentals to applications Basic information on the preparation through to the characterization of nanoparticles from various viewpoints Information on nanostructures, which play an important role in practical applications Sixty applications of nanoparticles in diverse fields, from which sixteen newly added Up-to-date information given by specialists in each field Information on nanostructures made by nanoparticles, which play a major role in practical applications

Handbook of Metallonutraceuticals

Handbook of Metallonutraceuticals Book
Author : Yashwant Vishnupant Pathak,Jayant N. Lokhande
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-04-28
ISBN : 1439836981
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The nutritional and medicinal value of metals, such as zinc, calcium, and iron, has been known in traditional medicine for a long time. Other metals, such as silver and gold, may also have therapeutic and health benefits. Ancient medicines have long incorporated their use in the treatment of diseases, and they have also more recently been explored for treatment in allopathic medicine, birthing the concept of metallonutraceuticals. The challenge of using metals in the human body is to find forms that are safe and effective. Handbook of Metallonutraceuticals presents basic concepts related to the nutritional and therapeutic use of metals, product development strategies, and some ideas ready to be applied for condition-specific metallonutraceuticals. The book begins with an overview of the nutraceuticals field and the need for metallonutraceuticals. It considers the roles of various metals in metabolism, reviews the ethnopharmacology and ethnomedicine of metals, and covers the characterization and possible properties of metallonutraceuticals. It also examines bioavailability and drug interactions, and therapeutic applications of nanometals including use as imaging agents, in cancer diagnosis and treatment, as antibacterials and antivirals, in ocular disease, and in neurodegenerative diseases. The book explores the use of metals in traditional Chinese medicine, potential applications for metalloenzymes, the use of nanosilver in nutraceuticals, and the potential of gold nanoparticles as a drug delivery system. In addition, it addresses intellectual property rights and regulatory considerations regarding metallonutraceuticals. Using an interdisciplinary approach, this user-friendly text provides a knowledge base and inspiration for new research in this exciting field.

Handbook of Nanofibers

Handbook of Nanofibers Book
Author : Ahmed Barhoum,Mikhael Bechelany,Abdel Makhlouf
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-09-10
ISBN : 9783319536545
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This Handbook covers all aspects related to Nanofibers, from the experimental set-up for their fabrication to their potential industrial applications. It describes several kinds of nanostructured fibers such as metal oxides, natural polymers, synthetic polymers and hybrid inorganic-polymers or carbon-based materials. The first part of the Handbook covers the fundamental aspects, experimental setup, synthesis, properties and physico-chemical characterization of nanofibers. Specifically, this part details the history of nanofibers, different techniques to design nanofibers, self-assembly in nanofibers, critical parameters of synthesis, fiber alignment, modeling and simulation, types and classifications of nanofibers, and signature physical and chemical properties (i.e. mechanical, electrical, optical and magnetic), toxicity and regulations, bulk and surface functionalization and other treatments to allow them to a practical use. Characterization methods are also deeply discussed here. The second part of the Handbook deals with global markets and technologies and emerging applications of nanofibers, such as in energy production and storage, aerospace, automotive, sensors, smart textile design, energy conversion, tissue engineering, medical implants, pharmacy and cosmetics. Attention is given to the future of research in these areas in order to improve and spread the applications of nanofibers and their commercialization.