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Handbook Of Flame Retardants

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The Non halogenated Flame Retardant Handbook

The Non halogenated Flame Retardant Handbook Book
Author : Alexander B. Morgan,Charles A. Wilkie
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-04-07
ISBN : 1118939204
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Due to the emphasis on replacing halogenated flame retardantswith alternate technologies, this handbook contains in one placeall of the current commercial non-halogenated flame retardanttechnologies, as well as experimental systems nearcommercialization. This book focuses on non-halogenated flame retardants in aholistic but practical manner. It starts with an overview ofthe regulations and customer perceptions driving non-halogenatedflame retardant selection over older halogenatedtechnologies. It then moves into separate chapters coveringthe known major classes of non-halogenated flame retardants. These chapters are written by known experts in those specificchemistries who are also industrial experts in how to apply thattechnology to polymers for fire safety needs. The handbookconcludes with some of the newer technologies in place that areeither niche performers or may be commercial in the nearfuture. Future trends in flame retardancy are alsodiscussed. The Non-Halogenated Flame Retardant Handbook book takes apractical approach to addressing the narrow subject ofnon-halogenated flame retardancy. This includes more emphasison flame retardant selection for specific plastics, practicalconsiderations in flame retardant material design, and what thestrengths and limits of these various technologies are. Previous flame retardant material science books have coverednon-halogenated flame retardants, but they focus more on how theywork rather than how to use them.

Non halogenated Flame Retardant Handbook

Non halogenated Flame Retardant Handbook Book
Author : Alexander B. Morgan
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-12-14
ISBN : 1119750563
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on non-halogenated flame retardants with an emphasis on practical and applied issues, and builds upon the 1st edition, but is not just a re-do/re-edit of 1st edition content. While non-halogenated flame retardants have not greatly changed since the 1st edition was published in 2014, there have been enough advances and changes to merit a 2nd edition. The book would include chapters on regulation and drivers for non-halogenated flame retardants, specific chapters on each of the major classes of flame retardants, and would include some newer technologies / niche non-halogenated solutions which are either starting to enter the market (coatings / bio-derived flame retardants) or are at least being studied with enough detail to bring to the attention of the reader. As with the 1st edition, the 2nd edition still takes a practical approach to addressing the narrow subject of non-halogenated flame retardancy. This includes more emphasis on flame retardant selection for specific plastics, practical considerations in flame retardant material design, and what the strengths and limits of these various technologies are. Previous flame retardant material science books have covered non-halogenated flame retardants, but they focus more on how they work rather than how to use them. This book focuses more on the practical uses, hence the title of the book “Handbook”, which should make it of good use to industrial chemists and material scientists.

Handbook of Flame Retardants

Handbook of Flame Retardants Book
Author : George Wypych
Publisher : ChemTec Publishing
Release : 2021-03-15
ISBN : 1927885698
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Flame Retardants contains an extensive evaluation of the existing literature, products and patents related to flame retardance. As a perfect complement to The Databook of Flame Retardants, this book explains the roles, selection, mechanisms of action, use in different polymers and products, and health and environmental issues of over 350 different products. Chapters highlight the fundamentals of material burning and the associated stages of heat, flame and smoke, properties and mechanisms, and preventive, delaying and extinguishing attributes of 27 chemical groups of flame retardants. Examples of synergistic and antagonistic actions of various additives are discussed next, along with testing methods. The book concludes with chapters providing guidance on optimal selection of flame retardants for various polymers and information on the toxicity of flame retardants and their effects on the environment. Evaluates the existing literature, products and patents related to flame retardance Covers the fundamentals of material burning and associated stages of heat, flame and smoke Outlines and evaluates the properties of 27 chemical groups of flame retardants Provides examples of synergistic and antagonistic actions of various additives Looks at methods of testing flame retardants and quantifies their effect on products

Flame Retardant Polymeric Materials

Flame Retardant Polymeric Materials Book
Author : Yuan Hu,Xin Wang
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-08-22
ISBN : 1351586157
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Flame Retardant Polymeric Materials provides a comprehensive and up-to-date overview of the field, from basic properties and mechanisms of action for flame retardants to emerging methods, materials, and industrial applications. With over 120 black and white images, Hu and Wang cover the latest in the development of novel polymer nanocomposites such as graphene, CNTs, LDHs, POSS, and techniques such as layer-by-layer assembly. These expert authors also include discussions on the important flame-retardant systems based on phosphorus, silicon, and boron. In doing so, they highlight the use of flame-retardants in varying industries, for example, construction, textiles, and aviation. This comprehensive handbook is an essential read for students and academics of physics with a particular interest in flame-retardant materials. It would also be recommended for professionals within the materials science and engineering fields.

Handbook of Flame Retardant Chemicals and Fire Testing Services

Handbook of Flame Retardant Chemicals and Fire Testing Services Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1988
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Handbook of Flame Retardant Chemicals and Fire Testing Services book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Fire Retardant Materials

Fire Retardant Materials Book
Author : A. Richard Horrocks,D. Price,Dennis Price
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2001-03-02
ISBN : 9781855734197
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The editors and contributors provide a comprehensive source of information on all aspects of fire retardancy, emphasizing the burning behavior and flame retarding properties of polymetric materials. They combine combustion, flame retardants, smoke and toxic products and material-specific aspects of combustion in relation to textiles, composites, and bulk polymers. The contributors include the latest research in the nanocomposites, making it an essential source for anyone working with, studying, and developing fire retardant materials. The text considers material properties first; why materials may need to be fire retarded; how this may be undertaken; and the consequences. It highlights the juxtaposition of increased demands for safety and increased concerns about the risks to health and the environment caused by using flame retardants and fire retardant materials. The book discusses the fundamental issues that determine whether or not a material is flammable and how flame retardancy may be conferred both mechanistically and by means of established flame retardant systems and explores emerging methods and anticipated changes for performance-based tests.

Flame Retardant Polymeric Materials

Flame Retardant Polymeric Materials Book
Author : Taylor & Francis Group
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021-03-31
ISBN : 9780367779269
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Flame Retardant Polymeric Materials book written by Taylor & Francis Group, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Handbook of Fire Resistant Textiles

Handbook of Fire Resistant Textiles Book
Author : F. Selcen Kilinc
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-05-15
ISBN : 0857098934
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Given its importance to consumer safety, fire resistant textiles are one of the fastest growing sectors in industrial textiles. Handbook of fire resistant textiles provides a comprehensive review of the considerable advances that have occurred in the field of fire resistant textiles in recent years. It draws together scientific and technical expertise from around the world to produce an important source of current knowledge on fire resistant textiles and their use for protection in hostile environments. Part one provides an overview of fire resistant textiles. Chapters discuss burning and combustion mechanisms of textile fibers, chemical modification of natural and synthetic fibers to improve flame retardancy, multi-component flame resistant coating techniques for textiles, care and maintenance of fire resistant textiles, along with the safety, health and environmental aspects of flame retardants. Part two covers different types of fire resistant fibers and fabrics, including flame retardant cotton, wool, ceramic fibers and blends, composites and nonwovens. Part three reviews standards, regulations, and characterization of fire resistant textiles. Part four includes case studies of major applications of fire resistant textiles. The Handbook of fire resistant textiles is an invaluable resource for a broad spectrum of professionals in the textiles and apparel industries, including textile and garment manufacturers, engineers, researchers, designers, developers and buyers. Provides a comprehensive review of the considerable advances that have occurred in the field of fire resistant textiles in recent years Discusses burning and combustion mechanisms of textile fibers and chemical modification of natural and synthetic fibers to improve flame retardancy Covers different types of fire resistant fibers and fabrics, including flame retardant cotton, wool, ceramic fibers and blends, composites and nonwovens

Additives for Plastics Handbook

Additives for Plastics Handbook Book
Author : J. Murphy
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2001-11-22
ISBN : 0080498612
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Both technically and economically, additives form a large and increasingly significant part of the polymer industry, both plastics and elastomers. Since the first edition of this book was published, there have been wide-ranging developments, covering chemistry and formulation of new and more efficient additive systems and the safer use of additives, both by processors in the factory and, in the wider field, as they affect the general public. This new edition follows the successful formula of its predecessor, it provides a comprehensive view of all types of additives, concentrating mainly on their technical aspects (chemistry/formulation, structure, function, main applications) with notes on the commercial background of each. The field has been expanded to include any substance that is added to a polymer to improve its use, so including reinforcing materials (such as glass fibre), carbon black and titanium dioxide. This is a book which has been planned for ease of use and the information is presented in a way which is appropriate to the users' needs.

Flammability Handbook for Plastics

Flammability Handbook for Plastics Book
Author : Carlos J. Hilado
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1998-05-11
ISBN : 0585248680
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

FROM THE INTRODUCTION "Considerable effort has gone into the study of various aspects of flammability and of various plastic materials, so that these materials which are proving so useful to man will always be used in ways which will not compromise his safety. The task is a continuing one, because the family of plastics continues to grow, and, a

Flame Retardant Polyurethanes Formulations Handbook

Flame Retardant Polyurethanes Formulations Handbook Book
Author : Vijay Mohan Bhatnagar
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1977-06
ISBN : 9780877622178
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Flame Retardant Polyurethanes Formulations Handbook book written by Vijay Mohan Bhatnagar, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Brominated Flame Retardants

Brominated Flame Retardants Book
Author : Ethel Eljarrat,Damià Barceló
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-04-15
ISBN : 3642192688
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Brominated flame retardants are one of the last classes of halogenated compounds that are still being produced worldwide and used in large quantities in many applications. They are used in plastics, textiles, electronic circuitry, and other materials to prevent fires. This volume covers the state-of-the-art of the analysis, fate and behaviour of brominated flame retardants. Experts in the field provide an overview of the compounds’ physico-chemical properties and uses, their occurrence in the environment and biota, advanced chemical analytical methods, degradation studies, toxicological effects and human exposure. This book is a valuable and comprehensive source of information for environmental scientists interested in brominated flame retardant issues, and for authorities and producers.

Flame Retardants for Plastics and Textiles

Flame Retardants for Plastics and Textiles Book
Author : Edward D. Weil,Sergei V. Levchik
Publisher : Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
Release : 2015-12-07
ISBN : 1569905797
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This updated edition provides an overview of flame retardants that are in commercial use, were recently used, or are in development. The book is organized polymer-by-polymer and provides a guide to advantages, limitations, and patented and patent-free formulations, with insight into favorable and unfavorable combinations. The targeted readership is the plastics or textile finish compounder and the plastic additives R&D worker, as well as market development and sales. This edition contains, besides a compendium of current flame retardants, updated information relevant to performance testing, mode of action, and safety and regulatory aspects. Industrial or academic researchers will find useful a discussion of unsolved problems with possible new approaches. Both authors have extended, productive experience in both basic and applied research on a wide range of flame retardancy topics.

Polymer Green Flame Retardants

Polymer Green Flame Retardants Book
Author : Constantine D. Papaspyrides,Pantelis Kiliaris
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2014-08-14
ISBN : 0444538097
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polymer Green Flame Retardants covers key issues regarding the response of polymers during fire, the mechanisms of their flame retardation, the regulations imposed on their use, and the health hazards arising from their combustion. Presenting the latest research developments, the book focuses in particular on nanocomposites, believed to be the most promising approach for producing physically superior materials with low flammability and ecological impact. The fire properties of nanocomposites of various matrixes and fillers are discussed, the toxicological characteristics of these materials are analyzed, addressing also their environmental sustainability. Edited by distinguished scientists, including an array of international industry and academia experts, this book will appeal to chemical, mechanical, environmental, material and process engineers, upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in these disciplines, and generally to researchers developing commercially attractive and environmentally friendly fire-proof products. Provides recent findings on the manufacture of environmentally sustainable flame retardant polymeric materials Covers legislation and regulations concerning flame retarded polymeric material use Includes tables containing the fire properties of the most common polymeric materials

Handbook of Industrial Polyethylene and Technology

Handbook of Industrial Polyethylene and Technology Book
Author : Mark A. Spalding,Ananda Chatterjee
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-10-26
ISBN : 1119159776
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This handbook provides an exhaustive description of polyethylene. The 50+ chapters are written by some of the most experienced and prominent authors in the field, providing a truly unique view of polyethylene. The book starts with a historical discussion on how low density polyethylene was discovered and how it provided unique opportunities in the early days. New catalysts are presented and show how they created an expansion in available products including linear low density polyethylene, high density polyethylene, copolymers, and polyethylene produced from metallocene catalysts. With these different catalysts systems a wide range of structures are possible with an equally wide range of physical properties. Numerous types of additives are presented that include additives for the protection of the resin from the environment and processing, fillers, processing aids, anti-fogging agents, pigments, and flame retardants. Common processing methods including extrusion, blown film, cast film, injection molding, and thermoforming are presented along with some of the more specialized processing techniques such as rotational molding, fiber processing, pipe extrusion, reactive extrusion, wire and cable, and foaming processes. The business of polyethylene including markets, world capacity, and future prospects are detailed. This handbook provides the most current and complete technology assessments and business practices for polyethylene resins.

Brominated Flame Retardants

Brominated Flame Retardants Book
Author : Ethel Eljarrat,Damià Barceló
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2011-04-15
ISBN : 9783642192685
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Brominated flame retardants are one of the last classes of halogenated compounds that are still being produced worldwide and used in large quantities in many applications. They are used in plastics, textiles, electronic circuitry, and other materials to prevent fires. This volume covers the state-of-the-art of the analysis, fate and behaviour of brominated flame retardants. Experts in the field provide an overview of the compounds’ physico-chemical properties and uses, their occurrence in the environment and biota, advanced chemical analytical methods, degradation studies, toxicological effects and human exposure. This book is a valuable and comprehensive source of information for environmental scientists interested in brominated flame retardant issues, and for authorities and producers.

Flame Retardants

Flame Retardants Book
Author : Johannes Karl Fink
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-08-18
ISBN : 111975061X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on the chemistry and applications of flame retardants for polymers and other materials. It starts with a description and types of flame retardants, as well as their properties and chemical structures, to include chlorine- and bromine-containing flame retardants, phosphorus-based flame retardants, nitrogen-based flame retardants, and silicones. Inorganic materials that serve as flame retardants, such as boron-based additives, graphenes, and others are discussed in detail. In addition, the following subjects are discussed in detail: Flame retardant polymers The mechanisms of flame retardants, such as flame cooling, synergetic effects, degradation of flame retardants, and others Other flame retardant compositions, such as dripping inhibitors and smoke suppressants Testing methods for flame retardants, international standards, human health hazards, such as smoke toxicity and problems with wastes Synthesis and fabrication methods, as well as recycling methods The application of flame retardants to the coating material using 3D printing, reactive coating, and bulk addition methods Non-burning comonomers, foams, nanocomposites and bio-based materials Flame retardants with other textiles, such as wool and electrical applications such as batteries.

Handbook of Organophosphorus Chemistry

Handbook of Organophosphorus Chemistry Book
Author : Robert Engel
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1992-06-19
ISBN : 1482277247
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This practical work summarizes the development of organophosphorus chemistry in topical areas and details the discipline's current state - providing applications and experimental procedures throughout.;Written by 18 leading authorities in the field, the Handbook of Organophosphorus Chemistry: examines advances in the mechanistic understanding of th

Flame Retardants

Flame Retardants Book
Author : P. M. Visakh,Yoshihiko Arao
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-02-04
ISBN : 3319034677
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book summarizes comprehensively many recent technical research accomplishments in the area of flame retardant research. It presents mainly flame retardant studies of polymer blends, composites and nano composites such as rubber, thermosets and thermoplastics. This book discusses different types of flame retardant using in polymers especially nano composites, as well as the role and chemistry. Leading researchers from industry, academy, government and private research institutions across the globe contribute to this book. Academics, researchers, scientists, engineers and students in research and development will benefit from an application-oriented book that helps them to find solutions to both fundamental and applied problems.

Flame Retardant Polymer Nanocomposites

Flame Retardant Polymer Nanocomposites Book
Author : Alexander B. Morgan,Charles A. Wilkie
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2007-04-13
ISBN : 0471734268
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Flame Retardant Polymer Nanocomposites takes a comprehensive look at polymer nanocomposites for flame retardancy applications and includes nanocomposite fundamentals (theory, design, synthesis, characterization) as well as polymer flammability fundamentals with emphasis on how nanocomposites affect flammability. The book has practical examples from literature, patents, and existing commercial products. Readers can design new work based upon the material in the book or use it as a handy reference for interpreting existing work and results.