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Handbook Of Ferroalloys

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Handbook of Ferroalloys

Handbook of Ferroalloys Book
Author : Michael Gasik
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2013-05-04
ISBN : 0080977669
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This handbook gathers, reviews and concisely presents the core principles and varied technology involved in processing ferroalloys. Background content in thermodynamics, kinetics, heat and mass transfer is accompanied by an overview of electrical furnaces theory and practice as well as sustainability issues. The work includes detailed coverage of the major technologies of ferrosilicon, ferronickel, ferromolybdenum, ferrotungsten, ferrovanadium, ferromanganese and lesser known minor ferroalloys. Distilling the results of many years' experience in ferroalloys, Michael Gasik has assembled contributions from the worlds' foremost experts. The work is therefore a unique source for scientists, engineers and university students, exploring in depth an area which is one of the most versatile and increasingly used fields within modern metallurgy. All-in-one source for the major ferroalloys and their metallurgical processing technologies, cutting research time otherwise spent digging through old handbooks or review articles. In-depth discussion of the C, Si, Al-reduction, groups II-VIII of the periodic table, supporting analysis of metallurgical processing. Contemporary coverage includes environment and energy saving issues.

Handbook of Ferroalloys

Handbook of Ferroalloys Book
Author : Michael Gasik
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2013
ISBN : 9780080977539
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Ferroalloys gathers, reviews and concisely presents the core principles and varied technology involved in processing alloys of iron with a high proportion of one or more other elements. The work includes detailed coverage of the major technologies of ferrosilicon, ferronickel, ferromolybdenum, ferrotungsten, ferrovanadium, ferromanganese, and numerous lesser-known alloys. Distilling his 40 years' experience in ferroalloys, editor Michael Gasik assembles and tightly marshals lengthy contributions from the worlds' foremost experts. The work is a unique source for specialists, scientists, engineers and university students, exploring in depth an area that is one of the most versatile and increasingly used fields within modern metallurgy. The handbook's three sections cover basic knowledge, such as equipment, processes and theory; major ferroalloy technology like FeSi and FeMn; and less common technology, including alkali earth ferroalloys and complex master ferroalloys.

Handbook of Ferroalloys

Handbook of Ferroalloys Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2013
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Handbook of Ferroalloys book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Handbook of Ferroalloys

Handbook of Ferroalloys Book
Author : Lauri Holappa
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-05-04
ISBN : 0128054956
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The word ferroalloy refers to an alloy of iron containing a significant proportion of one or more other elements like silicon, manganese, chromium, aluminum, or titanium. The main applications of ferroalloys occur in the steelmaking process. They are added to steel to improve properties like strength, ductility, and fatigue or corrosion resistance. Additionally, ferroalloys can have several other tasks, such as in refining, deoxidation, modification, and control of nonmetallic inclusions and precipitates. The production and role of ferroalloys are briefly introduced, both from a historical perspective and in light of current and future prospects. Examples of production figures, producers, and markets are presented. Recent developments and main drivers in ferroalloys processing, including energy saving, environmental issues, primary and secondary raw materials resources, and development trends in technology, are briefly discussed.

Ferroalloys

Ferroalloys Book
Author : Mikhail Gasik,Viktor Dashevskii,Aitber Bizhanov
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-09-23
ISBN : 3030575020
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book outlines the physical and chemical foundations of high-temperature processes for producing silicon, manganese and chromium ferroalloys, alloys of molybdenum, vanadium, titanium, alkaline earth and rare earth metals, niobium, zirconium, aluminum, boron, nickel, cobalt, phosphorus, selenium and tellurium, iron-carbon alloys by carbon, silicone and aluminothermic methods. The chapters introduce the industrial production technologies of these groups of ferroalloys, the characteristics of charge materials, and the technological parameters of the melting processes. A description of ferroalloy furnaces is given in detail. Topics such as waste recycling, fines agglomeration technologies, and environmental issues are considered.

Production of Manganese Ferroalloys

Production of Manganese Ferroalloys Book
Author : Sverre E. Olsen,Sverre Olsen,Merete Tangstad,Tor Lindstad
Publisher : Tapir Academic Press
Release : 2007
ISBN : 9788251921916
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Progress in our knowledge of thermodynamics and physico-chemical factors in manganese ferroalloy production has developed rapidly during the past twenty-five years or so. The authors' intention has been to use this basic knowledge in discussions of industrial manganese ferroalloy production. The book presents the principles and current knowledge of processes in the production of high carbon ferromanganese, silicomanganese and low carbon manganese alloys. The book is intended for professionals working in production, plant design or development. It will also be useful for researchers in industry, universities and research institutes. The book can be used as a textbook for courses in extractive and process metallurgy, and for company in-house courses. Thermodynamics of the slag and metal systems are extensively covered. Computational modelling based on assessed thermochemical databases has made it possible to calculate and present a large number of phase and equilibrium diagrams. These diagrams are useful for easy understanding and analysis of the complex heterogeneous equilibria in the manganese ferroalloy metallurgy. The manganese ferroalloys are mainly produced in electric submerged arc furnaces. Electrical relations are briefly discussed. Supply of raw materials, especially manganese ores and coke, is extremely important for the manganese industry. The book gives the reader appropriate knowledge regarding the selection the best of available raw materials. Environmental issues, including greenhouse gas emissions and climate changes, are of growing concern to ferroalloy producers. Carbon will always be needed as a reducing agent, and consequently emission of CO2 gas is inevitable. The book describes solutions to dealing with pollution problems and gives the latest guidelines for greenhouse gas inventories.

The Complete Book on Ferroalloys

The Complete Book on Ferroalloys Book
Author : B.P Bhardwaj
Publisher : NIIR PROJECT CONSULTANCY SERVICES
Release : 2014-01-01
ISBN : 9381039291
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Complete Book on Ferroalloys (Ferro Manganese, Ferro Molybdenum, Ferro Niobium, Ferro Boron, Ferro Titanium, Ferro Tungsten, Ferro Silicon, Ferro Nickel, Ferro Chrome) An alloy is a mixture or solid solution composed of metals. Similarly, Ferroalloys are the mixture of Iron with high proportion of other elements like manganese, aluminium or silicon. Alloying improves the physical properties like density, reactivity, Young’s modulus, electrical and thermal conductivity etc. Ferroalloys thus show different properties as mixture of different metals in different proportion exhibit a wide range of properties. Also, Alloying is done to alter the mechanical properties of the base metal, to induce hardness, toughness, ductility etc. The main demand of ferroalloys, nowadays is continuously increasing as the major use of such products are in the field of civil construction; decorative items; automobile; steel industry; electronic appliances. The book provides a wide idea to readers about the usage of appropriate raw material and the treatment involved in the processing of raw material to final produce, safety, uses and properties of raw material involved in the processes. This book concisely presents the core principles and varied details involved in processing of ferroalloys. The work includes detailed coverage of the major products like ferroaluminium, ferrosilicon, ferronickel, ferromolybdenum, ferrotungsten, ferrovanadium, ferromanganese and lesser known minor ferroalloys. Progress in thermodynamics and physico-chemical factors in ferroalloy production has developed rapidly during the past twenty-five years or so. The book presents the principles and current knowledge of processes in the production of various ferroalloys. The production of a particular ferroalloy involves a number of processes to be followed in order to give the alloy desired physical and mechanical properties. The slight difference in the temperature or heating or composition can lead to entirely different alloy with different properties. This book is not only confined to the different processes followed in the production of ferroalloys but also describes the processes used and other information related to product, which are necessary for the manufacturer’s knowledge. Also, the book gives the reader appropriate knowledge regarding the selection the best of available raw materials.

Ferroalloys Alloying Additives Handbook

Ferroalloys   Alloying Additives Handbook Book
Author : Paul D. Deeley,Konrad J. A. Kundig,Howard R. Spendelow
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1981
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Ferroalloys Alloying Additives Handbook book written by Paul D. Deeley,Konrad J. A. Kundig,Howard R. Spendelow, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Handbook of Ferroalloys

Handbook of Ferroalloys Book
Author : Johan Basson,Jorma Daavittila
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-05-04
ISBN : 0128055022
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

High carbon ferrochrome is one of the most common ferroalloys produced and is almost exclusively used in the production of stainless steel and high chromium steels. Production takes place primarily in countries with substantial chromite ore supply. Relatively cheap electricity and reductants also contribute to the viability of high carbon ferrochrome. The most common production technology utilized is submerged arc smelting in AC furnaces, although open arc smelting in DC furnaces is becoming increasingly common. A more advanced technology route that includes a prereduction step is only utilized at significant scale by one producer. Production processes have become more energy and metallurgically efficient by utilizing advanced processes such as prereduction, preheating, agglomeration of ore, and CO gas utilization. Recently installed plants display manageable risks in terms of environmental pollution and occupational health.

Handbook of Ferroalloys

Handbook of Ferroalloys Book
Author : Heikki Jalkanen,Michael Gasik
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-05-04
ISBN : 0128054964
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The metallurgical processing of ferroalloys is based on a coherent combination of many scientific fields, which are briefly outlined in this chapter. The metal’s recovery process is based on reduction reactions, where metallurgical thermodynamics and kinetics are of a paramount importance. This includes the knowledge and ability to calculate, monitor, and change the formation of solutions and phases, rate of the reactions, and handling of reaction products in the most efficient way. In parallel, theoretical and engineering data on heat, mass, momentum, and charge transfer are critical for the development and design of ferroalloy production processes and furnaces. The chapter also discusses the basics of the structure and properties of metal and oxide (slag) when melted together with carbon reductants.

Materials Handbook

Materials Handbook Book
Author : François Cardarelli
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-03-19
ISBN : 1846286697
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This unique and practical book provides quick and easy access to data on the physical and chemical properties of all classes of materials. The second edition has been much expanded to include whole new families of materials while many of the existing families are broadened and refined with new material and up-to-date information. Particular emphasis is placed on the properties of common industrial materials in each class. Detailed appendices provide additional information, and careful indexing and a tabular format make the data quickly accessible. This book is an essential tool for any practitioner or academic working in materials or in engineering.

Handbook of Recycling

Handbook of Recycling Book
Author : Ernst Worrell,Markus Reuter
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2014-04-28
ISBN : 0123965063
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Winner of the International Solid Waste Association's 2014 Publication Award, Handbook of Recycling is an authoritative review of the current state-of-the-art of recycling, reuse and reclamation processes commonly implemented today and how they interact with one another. The book addresses several material flows, including iron, steel, aluminum and other metals, pulp and paper, plastics, glass, construction materials, industrial by-products, and more. It also details various recycling technologies as well as recovery and collection techniques. To completely round out the picture of recycling, the book considers policy and economic implications, including the impact of recycling on energy use, sustainable development, and the environment. With contemporary recycling literature scattered across disparate, unconnected articles, this book is a crucial aid to students and researchers in a range of disciplines, from materials and environmental science to public policy studies. Portrays recent and emerging technologies in metal recycling, by-product utilization and management of post-consumer waste Uses life cycle analysis to show how to reclaim valuable resources from mineral and metallurgical wastes Uses examples from current professional and industrial practice, with policy and economic implications

Handbook of Ferroalloys

Handbook of Ferroalloys Book
Author : Michael Gasik
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-05-04
ISBN : 0128055049
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This chapter deals with tungsten and its ferroalloy technology. An overview of tungsten is presented, its properties are described, and reactions with other elements and compounds are outlined with major relevant phase equilibria diagrams. The raw materials, sources, and methods for reducing tungsten are presented. Different technologies for smelting ferrotungsten alloy are described.

Biomass and Carbon Fuels in Metallurgy

Biomass and Carbon Fuels in Metallurgy Book
Author : Jaroslav Legemza,Mária Fröhlichová,Róbert Findorák
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-12-19
ISBN : 1000037568
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomass and Carbon Fuels in Metallurgy presents contemporary and new insights into the use of carbonaceous (Biomass) fuels in the metallurgical sector. The authors describe application of these fuels in different technological processes to produce pig iron, steel and ferroalloys. Emphasis is placed on biomass and its metallurgical utilization. Coverage includes the specification of fuels, their classification and the characteristics of their basic properties. The use of carbonaceous fuels in the production of various kinds of agglomerates (ferriferous, manganese and metalized) is also covered. Key Features: Provides a comprehensive view of carbonaceous fuels in various metallurgy processes Details experiments conducted on the use of traditional and alternative (biomass) carbonaceous fuels for the production of agglomerates. Demonstrates that the energy potential of biomass can also be successfully used in pyrometallurgical processes Describes applications of biomass-based fuels in different technological processes for the production of pig iron, steel and ferroalloys. Coverage includes the specification of fuels, their classification and the characteristics of their basic properties.

Handbook of Ferroalloys

Handbook of Ferroalloys Book
Author : Isobel Mc Dougall
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-05-04
ISBN : 0128054972
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The process by which ore is converted to a ferroalloy contains a number of steps. These include mining of the ore; preparing the ore by processes such as crushing, screening, washing, grinding, or milling; and sometimes applying beneficiation processes such as flotation, followed by smelting and refining. This chapter describes the equipment used for the smelting of ferroalloys. The first section covers furnace technology and operation by discussing AC and DC furnaces, their electrical operation, electrodes, and related plant such as raw material handling systems, exhaust gas handling, and furnace crucibles, which includes the linings, and cooling of the furnace and the roof. The second section discusses the more important processing steps, which may be applied to the raw materials at the smelter prior to their smelting in the furnace. These include agglomeration by briquetting or the production of sintered pellets, sintering of ore, prereduction, and preheating. The third section describes the treatment of the product and slag after it leaves the furnace, whereas the final section provides a short description of other furnaces for ferroalloys production.

Handbook of Comparative World Steel Standards

Handbook of Comparative World Steel Standards Book
Author : John E. Bringas
Publisher : ASTM International
Release : 2002
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Handbook of Comparative World Steel Standards book written by John E. Bringas, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Electric Arc Furnace Steelmaking

Electric Arc Furnace Steelmaking Book
Author : Miroslaw Karbowniczek
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-09-19
ISBN : 1000450007
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The importance of electric arc furnace steelmaking is evident from the escalated world production seen in steel industry. This book presents systematic and complete details on the current state of knowledge about metallurgical processes carried out in the electric arc furnace. It includes principles of construction of electric arc furnaces, applied construction solutions, and their operations (together with auxiliary/supportive devices). Modern technologies of melting of various grades steel are detailed, considering the participation of secondary metallurgy including theoretical backgrounds of chemical processes and reactions. It contains theoretical analysis and results of laboratory, model, and industrial tests. Features: Covers the practical aspects of electric arc furnace steelmaking including technological process. Discusses the operation issues of an electric arc furnace in a technical and technological context. Presents a systematic and complete knowledge about relevant construction solutions and metallurgical processes. Includes practical industrial benchmark indicators in the scope of equipment and technology. Analyses practical case studies from industry. This book aims at researchers, professionals and graduate students in Metallurgical Engineering, Materials Science, Electric Power Supply, Environmental Engineering, and Mechanical Engineering.

Handbook of Ferroalloys

Handbook of Ferroalloys Book
Author : Michael Gasik
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-05-04
ISBN : 0128055065
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This chapter explores the technology of vanadium recovery from raw materials and the production of vanadium ferroalloys (FeV, FeSiV, FeMnV, and FeVN). The properties of vanadium and its main reactions with other elements are outlined. Different sources of vanadium are presented, and the methods used for processing vanadium slags and vanadium pentoxide are listed. Smelting of ferrovanadium alloys in combination with silicon and aluminum reduction is presented.

Encyclopedia and Handbook of Materials Parts and Finishes

Encyclopedia and Handbook of Materials  Parts and Finishes Book
Author : Mel Schwartz
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-07-06
ISBN : 1138032069
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A great deal of progress has been made in the development of materials, their application to structures, and their adaptation to a variety of systems and integrated across a wide range of industrial applications. This encyclopedia serves the rapidly expanding demand for information on technological developments. In addition to providing information

Handbook of Inductively Coupled Plasma Spectrometry

Handbook of Inductively Coupled Plasma Spectrometry Book
Author : Michael Thompson
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461306973
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first edition of our Handbook was written in 1983. In the preface to the first edition we noted the rapid development of inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry and its considerable potential for elemental analysis. The intervening five years have seen a substantial growth in ICP applications; much has happened and this is an appropriate time to present a revised edition. The basic approach of the book remains the same. This is a handbook, addressed to the user of the technique who seeks direct, practical advice. A concise summary of the technique is attempted. Detailed, theoretical treatment of the background to the method is not covered. We have, however, thoroughly revised much of the text, and new chapters have been added. These reflect the changes and progress in recent years. We are grateful to Mr Stephen Walton, Dr Gwendy Hall and London and Scandinavian Metallurgical Co. Ltd for their contributions. Chapter 3 (Instrumentation) has been rewritten by Mr Walton, the new Chapter on ICP-mass spectrometry has been written by Dr Hall, and London and Scandinavian provided much of the information for the chapter on metals analysis by ICP-AES. These chapters have been integrated into the book, and a conscious effort has been made to retain the unity of style within the book. New material has been added elsewhere in the book, archaeological materials are considered, pre concentration methods and chemometrics covered more fully.