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Handbook Of Environmental Degradation Of Materials

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Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials

Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials Book
Author : Myer Kutz
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2005-06-02
ISBN : 0815517491
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Industry pays an enormous price for material degradation. The Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials outlines these costs, but more importantly, explains how to measure, analyze, and prevent environmental degradation for a wide range of indsutrial materials. Experts from around the world share how a diverse set of industries cope with the degradation of metals, polymers, reinforced concrete, clothing, and wood under adverse environmental conditions such as weather, seawater, and fire. Case studies show how organizations from small consulting firms to corporate giants design and manufacture products that are more resistant to environmental effects. By implementing these standards companies of all sizes should realize savings beneficial to their operations.

Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials

Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials Book
Author : Myer Kutz
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2012-10-08
ISBN : 1437734553
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nothing stays the same for ever. The environmental degradation and corrosion of materials is inevitable and affects most aspects of life. In industrial settings, this inescapable fact has very significant financial, safety and environmental implications. The Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials explains how to measure, analyse, and control environmental degradation for a wide range of industrial materials including metals, polymers, ceramics, concrete, wood and textiles exposed to environmental factors such as weather, seawater, and fire. Divided into sections which deal with analysis, types of degradation, protection and surface engineering respectively, the reader is introduced to the wide variety of environmental effects and what can be done to control them. The expert contributors to this book provide a wealth of insider knowledge and engineering knowhow, complementing their explanations and advice with Case Studies from areas such as pipelines, tankers, packaging and chemical processing equipment ensures that the reader understands the practical measures that can be put in place to save money, lives and the environment. The Handbook's broad scope introduces the reader to the effects of environmental degradation on a wide range of materials, including metals, plastics, concrete,wood and textiles For each type of material, the book describes the kind of degradation that effects it and how best to protect it Case Studies show how organizations from small consulting firms to corporate giants design and manufacture products that are more resistant to environmental effects

Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials

Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials Book
Author : Myer Kutz
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2012-12-31
ISBN : 1437734561
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nothing stays the same for ever. The environmental degradation and corrosion of materials is inevitable and affects most aspects of life. In industrial settings, this inescapable fact has very significant financial, safety and environmental implications. The Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials explains how to measure, analyse, and control environmental degradation for a wide range of industrial materials including metals, polymers, ceramics, concrete, wood and textiles exposed to environmental factors such as weather, seawater, and fire. Divided into sections which deal with analysis, types of degradation, protection and surface engineering respectively, the reader is introduced to the wide variety of environmental effects and what can be done to control them. The expert contributors to this book provide a wealth of insider knowledge and engineering knowhow, complementing their explanations and advice with Case Studies from areas such as pipelines, tankers, packaging and chemical processing equipment ensures that the reader understands the practical measures that can be put in place to save money, lives and the environment. The Handbook’s broad scope introduces the reader to the effects of environmental degradation on a wide range of materials, including metals, plastics, concrete,wood and textiles For each type of material, the book describes the kind of degradation that effects it and how best to protect it Case Studies show how organizations from small consulting firms to corporate giants design and manufacture products that are more resistant to environmental effects

Handbook of Polymer Degradation

Handbook of Polymer Degradation Book
Author : S. Halim Hamid,Mohamed B. Amin,Ali G. Maadhah
Publisher : Marcel Dekker Incorporated
Release : 1992
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This useful reference provides up-to-date coverage, from both the engineering and scientific viewpoints, of the most recent findings in the expanding field of polymer degradation and stabilization - including areas in which polymers have only recently been used and detailed information has not previously been available. as advanced material for more in-depth study, Handbook of Polymer Degradation: introduces new data on the effects of increased UV radiation on polymers and discusses how to decrease those effects; considers artificially accelerated weathering and its relationship with natural weather; examines weathering degradation of polyethylene with the relevant experimental results; emphasizes the environmental aspects and waste management of polymers; and combines insights on the environmental toxicology of plastics with a survey of current legislative issues. different parts of the world, Handbook of Polymer Degradation is an essential reference for chemical, polymer, environmental, pollution control, mechanical, and materials scientists and engineers; chemists; environmental regulators and policy makers; and upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in these disciplines.

Handbook of Environmental Contaminants

Handbook of Environmental Contaminants Book
Author : Chris Shineldecker
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1992-04-17
ISBN : 9780873717328
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Environmental Contaminants: A Guide for Site Assessment is an indispensable working reference for environmental assessment professionals faced with determining potential environmental contaminants that might be found in the soil, groundwater, or air of a property or facility. The book provides a comprehensive listing of potential contaminants associated with hundreds of industries, activities, and processes. The types of properties covered range from agricultural to heavy industrial. The products and processes covered range from the processing of yeast to the constituents of rocket fuel. The book also discusses products associated with the degradation of common chemical solvents in the environment. Handbook of Environmental Contaminants: A Guide for Site Assessment is an important reference for environmental consultants, workers on Superfund sites, public health and safety professionals, attorneys, educators and students, and lenders.

Handbook of Farm Dairy and Food Machinery

Handbook of Farm  Dairy and Food Machinery Book
Author : Myer Kutz
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2010-10-19
ISBN : 9789048174744
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This handbook is a comprehensive reference for engineers who design and build farm machinery, processing equipment, shipping containers and packaging, as well as storage equipment. The book is written by the world’s leading engineers and gives both a broad and technically detailed look at these critical aspects of any farm-to-fork operation. It addresses food, chemical, mechanical, and packaging engineers directly or indirectly involved with the food industry.

Materials and Process Selection for Engineering Design

Materials and Process Selection for Engineering Design Book
Author : Mahmoud M. Farag
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2007-12-13
ISBN : 1420063111
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Taking a practical approach, this work illustrates how design, materials, and process selection must mesh together and be considered along with economic and environmental analysis, when developing a new product or changing an existing model. It also considers the trade-offs that must sometimes be made. This second edition adds and revises topics such as environmental, function, and aesthetic considerations in design; environmental impact assessment of materials and processes; life cycle and recycling economics; and materials substitution. The book begins with an intro that reviews stages of product development. This is followed by three sections covering— · Mechanical failures, environmental degradation, and materials that resist different types of failure · Elements of engineering design and the effect of material properties and manufacturing processes on the design of components · Economic and environmental aspects of materials and manufacturing processes, as well as quantitative and computer-assisted methods for screening, ranking alternatives, and deciding on the optimum material/process combination Examples and detailed case studies illustrating practical applications, as well as materials selection and substitution from a variety of industries, are included. Each chapter begins with clear objectives and ends with a summary, review questions, and bibliography. Appendices supply tables of composition and properties and a glossary of technical terms. SI units are used; with Imperial units given when possible. This student-friendly text demonstrates how to balance design, materials, process selection, and economic and environmental analysis to optimize manufacturing processes for a given component. The author maintains a book website which features PowerPoint presentations for each chapter, and access to a solutions manual for qualifying instructors. Professor Faraq’s book website

Handbook of Environmental Degradation Rates

Handbook of Environmental Degradation Rates Book
Author : Philip H. Howard
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-12-01
ISBN : 1351442848
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In order to assess the environmental exposure from chemicals in various media, you must know the rate at which a chemical will degrade. Handbook of Environmental Degradation Rates saves you the time and money collecting and evaluating this important information. The Handbook provides rate constant and half-life ranges for various processes and combines them into ranges for different media (air, groundwater, surface water, soils), which can be directly entered into various models. Some of the processes the Handbook includes are aerobic and anaerobic biodegradation, direct photolysis, hydrolysis, and reaction with various oxidants or free radicals (e.g., hydroxyl radical and ozone in the atmosphere). Experimental data are used and cited when available, and validated estimation methods are used when no experimental data are available. Researched and organized by leading experts, Handbook of Environmental Degradation Rates is easy-to-use and is well indexed by chemical name and CAS Number.

Thin film materials technology

Thin film materials technology Book
Author : Kiyotaka Wasa,Makoto Kitabatake,Hideaki Adachi
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2004-09-24
ISBN : 9783540211181
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This title contains rich historical coverage of the basics and new experimental and technological information about ceramic thin film and large-area functional coating. Included are principles and examples of making thin-film materials and devices.

Applied Electrochemistry

Applied Electrochemistry Book
Author : Krystyna Jackowska,Paweł Krysiński
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2020-06-22
ISBN : 3110600838
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book introduces the main aspects of modern applied electrochemistry. Starting with the basics of electrochemical kinetics, the authors address the chemistry and types of corrosion, principles of electro- and biocatalysis, electrodeposition and its applications in industrial processes. The book later discusses the electrochemistry and photoelectrochemistry of semiconductors and their applications in solar energy conversion and photocatalysis.

Carotenoids Structure and Function in the Human Body

Carotenoids  Structure and Function in the Human Body Book
Author : Muhammad Zia-Ul-Haq,Saikat Dewanjee,Muhammad Riaz
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-03-21
ISBN : 3030464598
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plants produce chemicals as part of their normal metabolic activities. These include primary metabolites found in all plants, such as sugars and fats, as well as secondary metabolites, which can have therapeutic effects in humans and be refined to produce drugs. Plants synthesize a bewildering variety of phytochemicals, but most are derivatives of a few biochemical motifs. Numerous herbal-derived substances have been evaluated for their therapeutic potential. These include alkaloids, coumarins, saponins, plant pigments and flavonoids. Flavonoids, carotenoids and anthocyanins are probably the best known of these substances due to their antioxidant properties. Carotenoids: Structure and Function in the Human Body presents comprehensive coverage of carotenoids. The text covers the scientific literature and clinical significance of this organic pigment, with an emphasis on its therapeutic potential. The authors approach carotenoids from a range of perspectives, from their structural and physicochemical properties to their distribution in nature, interaction with the human metabolism, and use as a coloring agent in various products. The intake, metabolism and secretion of anthocyanins in the human body are covered in-depth, as are the biosynthetic pathways through which these compounds are synthesized in the natural system. Factors affecting stability and extraction are listed, and health-related uses and biological activities are covered in great detail. Present and future trends in carotenoid research are also presented. This book provides a solid background in carotenoids for researchers and professionals in food science, food technology, nutrition, biology, chemistry and medical sciences.

Handbook of Farm Dairy and Food Machinery

Handbook of Farm  Dairy  and Food Machinery Book
Author : Myer Kutz
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2007-02-28
ISBN : 0815517513
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Indispensable for food, chemical, mechanical, and packaging engineers, Handbook of Farm, Dairy, and Food Machinery covers in one comprehensive volume fundamental food engineering principles in the design of food industry machinery. The handbook provides broad, yet technically detailed coverage of food safety, regulations, product processing systems, packaging, facilities, waste management, and machinery design topics in a ôfarm to the forkö organization. The 22 chapters are contributed by leading experts worldwide with numerous illustrations, tables, and references. The book includes the new USDA regulations for ôcertified organicö processing, as well as state-of-the-art technologies for equipment both on the farm and in the plant.

Handbook of Farm Dairy and Food Machinery Engineering

Handbook of Farm  Dairy and Food Machinery Engineering Book
Author : Myer Kutz
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013-06-10
ISBN : 0123858828
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Farm, Dairy and Food Machinery Engineering is the essential reference for engineers who need to understand those aspects of the food industry from farm machinery to food storage facilities to the machinery that processes and packages our foods. The process of getting food from "farm to fork," as the saying goes, involves more than planting, harvesting, shipping, processing, packaging and distributing—though those are all key components. Effective and efficient food delivery systems are built around processes that maximize the effort while minimizing cost, time, and resource depletion. This comprehensive reference is for engineers who design and build machinery and processing equipment, shipping containers, and packaging and storage equipment. It includes cutting-edge coverage of microwave vacuum application in grain processing, cacao processing, fruit and vegetable processing, ohmic heating of meat, facility design, closures for glass containers, double seaming, and much more. Provides cross-topic information for translational research and potential application Focuses on design and controls – written for engineers by engineers – always with practical applications in mind Includes design of machinery and facilities as well as theoretical basis for determining and predicting behavior of foods as they are handled and processed

Advances in Ceramics for Environmental Functional Structural and Energy Applications

Advances in Ceramics for Environmental  Functional  Structural  and Energy Applications Book
Author : Morsi M. Mahmoud,Kumar Sridharan,Henry Colorado,Amar S. Bhalla,J. P. Singh,Surojit Gupta,Jason Langhorn,Andrei Jitianu,Navin Jose Manjooran
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-10-04
ISBN : 1119543282
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume contains 20 manuscripts presented during the Materials Science & Technology 2017 Conference (MS&T'17), held October 8-12, 2017 at the David L. Lawrence Convention Center, Pittsburgh, PA. Papers from the following symposia are included in this volume: 9th International Symposium on Green and Sustainable Technologies for Materials Manufacturing and Processing Advances in Dielectric Materials and Electronic Devices Construction and Building Materials for a Better Environment Innovative Processing and Synthesis of Ceramics, Glasses and Composites Materials Issues in Nuclear Waste Management in the 21st Century Materials Development for Nuclear Applications and Extreme Environments Materials for Nuclear Energy Applications Nanotechnology for Energy, Healthcare and Industry Processing and Performance of Materials Using Microwaves, Electric and Magnetic Fields, Ultrasound, Lasers, and Mechanical Work – Rustum Roy Symposium These symposia provided a forum for scientists, engineers, and technologists to discuss and exchange state-of-the-art ideas, information, and technology on advanced methods and approaches for processing, synthesis, characterization, and applications of ceramics, glasses, and composites. Each manuscript was peer-reviewed using The American Ceramic Society's review process. The editors wish to extend their gratitude and appreciation to their symposium co-organizers, to all of the authors for their valuable submissions, to all the participants and session chairs for their time and effort, and to all the reviewers for their comments and suggestions. We hope that this volume will serve as a useful reference for the professionals working in the field of materials science.

Corrosion and Corrosion Control

Corrosion and Corrosion Control Book
Author : R. Winston Revie
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2008-05-16
ISBN : 9780470277256
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The classic book on corrosion science and engineering—now in a valuable new edition The ability to prevent failures by managing corrosion is one of the main global challengesof the twenty-first century. However, most practicing engineers and technologists have only a basic understanding of how they can actively participate in this urgent economic and environmental issue. Now, students and professionals can turn to this newly revised edition of the trusted Corrosion and Corrosion Control for coverage of the latest developments in the field, including advances in knowledge, new alloys for corrosion control, and industry developments in response to public demand. This Fourth Edition presents an updated overview of the essential aspects of corrosion science and engineering that underpin the tools and technologies used for managing corrosion, enhancing reliability, and preventing failures. Although the basic organization of the book remains unchanged from the previous edition, this new update includes: An introduction to new topics, including the element of risk management in corrosion engineering and new advanced alloys for controlling corrosion Expanded discussions on electrochemical polarization, predicting corrosion using thermodynamics, steel reinforcements in concrete, and applications of corrosion control technologies in automotive, nuclear, and other industries A stronger emphasis on environmental concerns and regulations in the context of their impact on corrosion engineering A discussion of the challenge of reliability in nuclear reactors; stainless steels; the concept of critical pitting temperature; and information on critical pitting potential (CPP) Complemented with numerous examples to help illustrate important points, Corrosion and Corrosion Control, Fourth Edition enables readers to fully understand corrosion and its control and, in turn, help reduce massive economic and environmental loss. It is a must-read for advanced undergraduates and graduate students in engineering and materials science courses, as well as for engineers, technologists, researchers, and other professionals who need information on this timely topic.

Intelligent Coatings for Corrosion Control

Intelligent Coatings for Corrosion Control Book
Author : Atul Tiwari,Lloyd Hihara,James Rawlins
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2014-10-25
ISBN : 0124115349
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Intelligent Coatings for Corrosion Control covers the most current and comprehensive information on the emerging field of intelligent coatings. The book begins with a fundamental discussion of corrosion and corrosion protection through coatings, setting the stage for deeper discussion of the various types of smart coatings currently in use and in development, outlining their methods of synthesis and characterization, and their applications in a variety of corrosion settings. Further chapters provide insight into the ongoing research, current trends, and technical challenges in this rapidly progressing field. Reviews fundamentals of corrosion and coatings for corrosion control before delving into a discussion of intelligent coatings—useful for researchers and grad students new to the subject Covers the most current developments in intelligent coatings for corrosion control as presented by top researchers in the field Includes many examples of current and potential applications of smart coatings to a variety of corrosion problems

Physical Chemical Mechanics of Disperse Systems and Materials

Physical Chemical Mechanics of Disperse Systems and Materials Book
Author : Eugene D. Shchukin,Andrei S. Zelenev
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2015-12-02
ISBN : 1466567104
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Physical–Chemical Mechanics of Disperse Systems and Materials is a novel interdisciplinary area in the science of the disperse state of matter. It covers the broad spectrum of objects and systems with dimensions ranging from nanometers to millimeters and establishes a fundamental basis for controlling and tuning the properties of these systems as well as the processes taking place in them. Physical–chemical mechanics focuses on the analysis of the complex physical–chemical interfacial phenomena taking place both in the transition of a dispersed system into a material, such as in the course of pressing, sintering, hydration hardening, and sol-gel transitions, and in the course of the dispersion of bulk materials taking place in milling, mechanical treatment, friction and wear, and fracturing. These studies are based on thorough experimental investigation of contact interactions between particles in these processes. The book is divided into two sections. The first section covers basic principles of the formation, stability and rupture of contacts between particles in different media and in surfactant solutions, as well as the properties of coagulation structures and their rheology. The second section covers surface phenomena taking place in solid-like structures with phase contacts and in compact bodies with an emphasis on several applications and processes as well as the special role of the Rehbinder effect. Where appropriate and relevant, the book presents essays on specific significant and principal studies, such as the damageability of crystal and glass surfaces, the strength of industrial catalysts, the nano-mechanisms of cement hardening, the role of the structure-mechanical barrier in the stabilization of fluorinated systems, and contact interactions in papermaking. It also devotes attention to experimental methods used in physical–chemical mechanics, the direct measurement of contact strength, and relevant instrumentations. The book utilizes the content used over many years in lecture courses and includes fundamental material on colloid and surface chemistry, the strength of materials, rheology, and tensors, which makes it well suited for novices and experts in the field.

Service Life Prediction of Polymers and Coatings

Service Life Prediction of Polymers and Coatings Book
Author : Christopher White,Mark Nichols,James Pickett
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2020-04-28
ISBN : 0128183683
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Service Life Prediction of Polymers and Coatings: Enhanced Methods focuses on the cutting-edge science behind how plastic and polymer materials are modified by the effects of weathering, offering the latest advances in service life prediction methods. The chapters have been developed by experts based on their contributions as part of the 7th Service Life Prediction Meeting. The volume begins with the premise that it is possible to produce and design life predictions, also looking at how these predictions can be used. Subsequent chapters present new developments in service life prediction, examining the most important considerations in SLP design, timescales, and other major issues. The book also considers the current state of the field in terms of both accomplishments and areas that require significant research going forward. This is a highly valuable reference for engineers, designers, technicians, scientists and R&D professionals who are looking to develop materials, components or products for outdoor applications across a range of industries. The book also supports academic researchers, scientists and advanced students with an interest in service life, the effects of weathering, material degradation, failure analysis, or sustainability across the fields of plastics engineering, polymer science and materials science. Presents novel prediction techniques for plastics and polymers exposed to outdoor weathering Provides a consensus roadmap on the scientific barriers related to a validated, predictive model for the response of polymer and plastics to outdoor exposure Enables the reader to assess and compare different methods and approaches to service life prediction

Tribology of Abrasive Machining Processes

Tribology of Abrasive Machining Processes Book
Author : Ioan D. Marinescu,W. Brian Rowe,Boris Dimitrov,Ichiro Inaski
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2004-05-26
ISBN : 0815519389
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent and radically improved machining processes, from high wheel speeds to nanotechnology, have turned a spotlight on abrasive machining processes as a fertile area for further advancements. Written for researchers, students, engineers and technicians in manufacturing, this book presents a fundamental rethinking of important tribological elements of abrasive machining processes and their effects on process efficiency and product quality. Newer processes such as chemical mechanical polishing (CMP) and silicon wafer dicing can be better understood as tribological processes. Understanding the tribological principles of abrasive processes is crucial to discovering improvements in accuracy, production rate, and surface quality of products spanning all industries, from machine parts to ball bearings to contact lens to semiconductors.

High Temperature Corrosion

High Temperature Corrosion Book
Author : A S Khanna
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2016-04-07
ISBN : 9814675245
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This invaluable book reviews the state of the art of high temperature related problems pertaining to their utility, microstructure, mechanical properties, actual behavior in different environments, their protection by various kinds of coatings at high temperatures and a new concept of nanomaterials at high temperatures. The book begins with fundamentals of oxidation and corrosion. Various concepts relating to the modification or deterioration of mechanical properties when material is exposed to an aggressive environment compared to an inert environment or vacuum are also covered. Other chapters highlight the behavior of various advanced materials to high temperature conditions, an important high temperature effect called Active Element Effect, and many high temperature coatings and their behavior. Written by world-renowned authors in their own field, this book will be useful for professionals and academics in materials science and nanoscience. Contents:Fundamentals of High Temperature Oxidation/Corrosion (A S Khanna)Degradation of Mechanical Properties of Materials at High Temperatures in Corrosive Environments (A S Khanna)Materials Development Aiming at High Temperature Strengthening — Steels, Superalloys to ODS Alloys (Shigeharu Ukai)High Temperature Corrosion Problems in Re?neries, Chemical Process Industries and Petrochemical Plants (Pasi Kangas)High Temperature Corrosion Problems in Coal-based Thermal Power Plants (A S Khanna)High Temperature Corrosion Problems in Aircrafts (A S Khanna and Vinod S Agarwala)Coatings for High Temperature Applications (N I Jamnapara and S Mukherjee)Advanced Analytical Tools to Understand High Temperature Materials Degradation — Ion Beam Characterization of Aerospace Materials (Barbara Shollock and David McPhall)Role of Nanotechnology in Combating High Temperature Corrosion (R K Singh Raman, B V Mahesh and Prabhakar Singh)Reactive Element Additions in High Temperature Alloys and Coating (D Naumenko and W J Quadakkers) Readership: Researchers, academics, and professionals in surface science and new materials.