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Handbook Of Biofuels Production

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Handbook of Biofuels Production

Handbook of Biofuels Production Book
Author : Rafael Luque,Carol Sze Ki Lin,Karen Wilson,James Clark
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-05-19
ISBN : 0081004567
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Biofuels Production, Second Edition, discusses advanced chemical, biochemical, and thermochemical biofuels production routes that are fast being developed to address the global increase in energy usage. Research and development in this field is aimed at improving the quality and environmental impact of biofuels production, as well as the overall efficiency and output of biofuels production plants. The book provides a comprehensive and systematic reference on the range of biomass conversion processes and technology. Key changes for this second edition include increased coverage of emerging feedstocks, including microalgae, more emphasis on by-product valorization for biofuels’ production, additional chapters on emerging biofuel production methods, and discussion of the emissions associated with biofuel use in engines. The editorial team is strengthened by the addition of two extra members, and a number of new contributors have been invited to work with authors from the first edition to revise existing chapters, thus offering fresh perspectives. Provides systematic and detailed coverage of the processes and technologies being used for biofuel production Discusses advanced chemical, biochemical, and thermochemical biofuels production routes that are fast being developed to address the global increase in energy usage Reviews the production of both first and second generation biofuels Addresses integrated biofuel production in biorefineries and the use of waste materials as feedstocks

Practical Handbook on Biodiesel Production and Properties

Practical Handbook on Biodiesel Production and Properties Book
Author : Mushtaq Ahmad,Mir Ajab Khan,Muhammad Zafar,Shazia Sultana
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-09-25
ISBN : 1466507446
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biodiesel-a fuel substitute produced from vegetable oils, animal fats, or algae-is one of the most important renewable natural resources for agrarian countries. The justification for developing biodiesel as an alternate fuel is manifold, and rising crude oil prices and the vulnerability of energy security have made biodiesel necessary and inevitabl

Handbook of Biofuels

Handbook of Biofuels Book
Author : Sanjay Sahay
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-02-19
ISBN : 9780128228104
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Biofuels looks at the many new developments in various type of bioenergy, along with the significant constraints in their production and/or applications. Beyond introducing current approaches and possible future directions of research, this title covers sources and processing of raw materials to downstream processing, constraints involved and research approaches to address and overcome these needs. Different combinations of products from the biorefinery are included, along with the material to answer questions surrounding the optimum process conditions for conversion of different feedstocks to bioenergy, the basis for choosing conversion technology, and what bioenergy products make economic sense. With chapters on the techno-economic analysis of biofuel production and concepts and step-by-step approaches in bioenergy processing, the objective of this book is to present a comprehensive and all-encompassing reference about bioenergy to students, teachers, researchers and professionals. Reviews all existing and emerging technologies surrounding the production of advanced biofuels, including biodiesel and bioethanol Includes biofuel applications with compatible global application case studies Offers new pathways for converting biomass

Handbook of Bioenergy Economics and Policy

Handbook of Bioenergy Economics and Policy Book
Author : Madhu Khanna,Jürgen Scheffran,David Zilberman
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-12-02
ISBN : 9781441903693
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Concerns about energy security, uncertainty about oil prices, declining oil reserves, and global climate change are fueling a shift towards bioenergy as a renewable alternative to fossil fuels. Public policies and private investments around the globe are aiming to increase local capacity to produce biofuels. A key constraint to the expansion of biofuel production is the limited amount of land available to meet the needs for fuel, feed, and food in the coming decades. Large-scale biofuel production raises concerns about food versus fuel tradeoffs, about demands for natural resources such as water, and about potential impacts on environmental quality. The book is organized into five parts. The introductory part provides a context for the emerging economic and policy challenges related to bioenergy and the motivations for biofuels as an energy source. The second part of the handbook includes chapters that examine the implications of expanded production of first generation biofuels for the allocation of land between food and fuel and for food/feed prices and trade in biofuels as well as the potential for technology improvements to mitigate the food vs. fuel competition for land. Chapters in the third part examine the infrastructural and logistical challenges posed by large scale biofuel production and the factors that will influence the location of biorefineries and the mix of feedstocks they use. The fourth part includes chapters that examine the environmental implications of biofuels, their implications for the design of policies and the unintended environmental consequences of existing biofuel policies. The final part presents economic analysis of the market, social welfare, and distributional effects of biofuel policies.

Handbook of Bioenergy and Biofuels

Handbook of Bioenergy and Biofuels Book
Author : V. K. Mutha
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 9789380090078
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bioenergy is renewable energy made available from materials derived from biological sources. It is a synonym to biofuel, which is fuel derived from biological sources. In sum, bioenergy is the energy extracted from the biomass, as the biomass is the fuel and the bioenergy is the energy contained in the fuel. As a fuel it may include wood, wood waste, straw, manure, and many other by-products from a variety of agricultural processes. Bioenergy is expected to become one of the key energy resources for global sustainable development. The purpose of this publication is also to evaluate global bioenergy potential, production process and technological innovations required for making it cheap and affordable. This Handbook tries to create an all-round understanding of bioenergy/biofuel and provides readers with an integrated perspective on the subject. Recent global trends in biofuel energy production, technologies used and extent of regional/national shares are analysed in detail. Types of food and non-food bioenergy crops are outlined in detail. Production processes and technologies used for biogas, biohydrogen and allied fuels are discussed. Siloxane, photohydrogen, biogasoline, butanol fuel, methanol fuel and alcohol fuel are elaborated upon briefly. The culture process and production technology involved in algal and other microbial fuel are also described in brief.

Handbook of Plant Based Biofuels

Handbook of Plant Based Biofuels Book
Author : Ashok Pandey
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2008-09-26
ISBN : 0789038749
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Explores Worldwide Trends Involving the Production and Use of Biofuels With the depletion of oil resources as well as the negative environmental impact of fossil fuels, there is much interest in alternative energy sources. Focusing on some of the most important alternate energy sources for the foreseeable future, the Handbook of Plant-

Biodiesel

Biodiesel Book
Author : Martin Mittelbach,Claudia Remschmidt
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Biodiesel book written by Martin Mittelbach,Claudia Remschmidt, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Handbook of Biodiesel and Petrodiesel Fuels Set

Handbook of Biodiesel and Petrodiesel Fuels Set Book
Author : Ozcan Konur
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-03-29
ISBN : 9780367456139
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This handbook covers the major research streams on both petrodiesel and biodiesel fuels, building on original research in indexed journal literature published during the last half-century in three volumes. Each volume presents chapters on biodiesel fuels at the macro level including introductory chapters for the handbook at large, case studies of biodiesel fuels at the micro level, and petrodiesel fuels, respectively. There are four parts in the first volume, with chapters focusing on the introductory chapters for the handbook, biooils, biodiesel fuels, and biodiesel fuel wastes (glycerol). The four parts in the second volume focus on biodiesel fuels based on the four generations of feedstocks: edible feedstocks, nonedible feedstocks, waste feedstocks, and algae. Finally, the final volume focuses on crude oils, petrodiesel fuels in general, emissions of petrodiesel fuels, and impact of petrodiesel fuels on human health. Covers the major research streams on both the petrodiesel and biodiesel fuels in three volumes building on the original research in the indexed journal literature published during the last half-century. Examines biooils (production, properties, and upgrading), biodiesel production, biodiesel properties and characterization, biodiesel performance and emissions, biodiesel catalysts, and biodiesel wastes (glycerol applications in biohydrogen production, propanediol production). Discusses health impacts of biodiesel fuels at the macro-level for biodiesel fuels. Presents case studies on biodiesel production from edible feedstocks such as soybean oils, nonedible feedstocks such as jatropha oils, wastes such as waste cooking oils, and algae such as oils from Chlorella at the micro-level for biodiesel fuels in the second volume. Reviews desulfurization of petrodiesel fuels, diesel engines, performance and emissions of petrodiesel fuels, health impact of petrodiesel fuels, biodegradation of petrodiesel fuels in soils, electricity production by petrodiesel fuels, and crude oils (production, properties and characterization, spills and biodegradation, refining and wastewater treatment, health impact of crude oil exposure). Ozcan Konur is both a materials scientist and social scientist by training. He has published around 200 journal papers, book chapters, and conference papers. He has focused on the bioenergy and biofuels in recent years. In 2018, he edited Bioenergy and Biofuels, that brought together the work of over 30 experts in their respective field. He also edited the Handbook of Algal Science, Technology, and Medicine with a strong section on the algal biofuels in 2020.

The Biodiesel Handbook

The Biodiesel Handbook Book
Author : Gerhard Knothe,Jürgen Krahl,Jon Van Gerpen
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-08-13
ISBN : 0983507260
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The second edition of this invaluable handbook covers converting vegetable oils, animal fats, and used oils into biodiesel fuel. The Biodiesel Handbook delivers solutions to issues associated with biodiesel feedstocks, production issues, quality control, viscosity, stability, applications, emissions, and other environmental impacts, as well as the status of the biodiesel industry worldwide. Incorporates the major research and other developments in the world of biodiesel in a comprehensive and practical format Includes reference materials and tables on biodiesel standards, unit conversions, and technical details in four appendices Presents details on other uses of biodiesel and other alternative diesel fuels from oils and fats

Handbook of Bioenergy Crop Plants

Handbook of Bioenergy Crop Plants Book
Author : Chittaranjan Kole,Chandrashekhar P. Joshi,David R. Shonnard
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-03-22
ISBN : 1439816840
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As the world’s population is projected to reach 10 billion or more by 2100, devastating fossil fuel shortages loom in the future unless more renewable alternatives to energy are developed. Bioenergy, in the form of cellulosic biomass, starch, sugar, and oils from crop plants, has emerged as one of the cheaper, cleaner, and environmentally sustainable alternatives to traditional forms of energy. Handbook of Bioenergy Crop Plants brings together the work of a panel of global experts who survey the possibilities and challenges involved in biofuel production in the twenty-first century. Section One explores the genetic improvement of bioenergy crops, ecological issues and biodiversity, feedstock logistics and enzymatic cell wall degradation to produce biofuels, and process technologies of liquid transportation fuels production. It also reviews international standards for fuel quality, unique issues of biofuel-powered engines, life-cycle environmental impacts of biofuels compared with fossil fuels, and social concerns. Section Two examines commercialized bioenergy crops, including cassava, Jatropha, forest trees, maize, oil palm, oilseed Brassicas, sorghum, soybean, sugarcane, and switchgrass. Section Three profiles emerging crops such as Brachypodium, diesel trees, minor oilseeds, lower plants, Paulownia, shrub willow, sugarbeet, sunflower, and sweet potato. It also discusses unconventional biomass resources such as vegetable oils, organic waste, and municipal sludge. Highlighting the special requirements, major achievements, and unresolved concerns in bioenergy production from crop plants, the book is destined to lead to future discoveries related to the use of plants for bioenergy production. It will assist in developing innovative ways of ameliorating energy problems on the horizon.

The Biomass Assessment Handbook

The Biomass Assessment Handbook Book
Author : Frank Rosillo-Calle,Jeremy Woods
Publisher : Earthscan
Release : 2012
ISBN : 1849772886
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The increasing importance of biomass as a renewable energy source has lead to an acute need for reliable and detailed information on its assessment, consumption and supply. Responding to this need, and overcoming the lack of standardized measurement and accounting procedures, this handbook provides the reader with the skills to understand the biomass resource base, the tools to assess the resource, and explores the pros and cons of exploitation. Topics covered include assessment methods for woody and herbaceous biomass, biomass supply and consumption, remote sensing techniques as well as vital policy issues.International case studies, ranging from techniques for measuring tree volume to transporting biomass, help to illustrate step-by-step methods and are based on field work experience. Technical appendices offer a glossary of terms, energy units and other valuable resource data.

Handbook of Bioenergy Crops

Handbook of Bioenergy Crops Book
Author : Nasir El Bassam
Publisher : Earthscan
Release : 2010
ISBN : 1849774781
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This completely revised second edition includes new information on biomass in relation to climate change, new coverage of vital issues including the "food versus fuel" debate, and essential new information on "second generation" fuels and advances in conversion techniques. The book begins with a guide to biomass accumulation, harvesting, transportation and storage, as well as conversion technologies for biofuels. This is followed by an examination of the environmental impact and economic and social dimensions, including prospects for renewable energy. The book then goes on to cover all the main potential energy crops.

Biodiesel Fuels

Biodiesel Fuels Book
Author : Ozcan Konur
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-05-06
ISBN : 1000348571
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This first volume of the Handbook of Biodiesel and Petrodiesel Fuels presents a representative sample of the population papers in the field of biodiesel fuels in general. Part I provides an overview of the research field on both biodiesel and petrodiesel fuels highlighting primary and secondary research fronts in these fields. Part II presents a representative sample of the population papers in the field of biooils covering major research fronts. The research on the biooils is a fundamental part of the research on the biodiesel fuels. The research in this field has intensified in recent years with the application of advanced catalytic technologies and nanotechnologies in both production and upgrading of biooils. It covers pyrolysis, hydrothermal liquefaction, and upgrading, and characterization and properties of biooils besides an overview of the research field. Part III presents a representative sample of the population papers in the field of biodiesel fuels in general covering major research fronts. The research in this field has progressed in the lines of production, properties, and emissions of biodiesel fuels. As in the case of biooils, catalysts and additives play a crucial role for the biodiesel fuels. It covers biomass-based catalyst-assisted biodiesel production, enzymatic biodiesel production, additives in biodiesel production, properties, characterization, performance, and policies of biodiesel fuels besides an overview of the research field. Part IV presents a representative sample of the population papers in the field of glycerol, biodiesel waste, covering major research fronts. The research in this field has intensified in recent years with the increasing volume of biodiesel fuels, creating eco-friendly solutions for these wastes of biodiesel fuels for producing valuable biofuels and biochemicals from glycerol. It covers biohydrogen and propanediol production from glycerol as a case study for bioenergy and biochemicals, respectively. This book will be useful to academics and professionals in the fields of Energy Fuels, Chemical Engineering, Physical Chemistry, Biotechnology and Applied Microbiology, Environmental Sciences, and Thermodynamics. Ozcan Konur is both a materials scientist and social scientist by training. He has published around 200 journal papers, book chapters, and conference papers. He has focused on the bioenergy and biofuels in recent years. In 2018, he edited Bioenergy and Biofuels, which brought together the work of over 30 experts in their respective field. He also edited the Handbook of Algal Science, Technology, and Medicine with a strong section on the algal biofuels in 2020.

The Handbook of Biomass Combustion and Co firing

The Handbook of Biomass Combustion and Co firing Book
Author : Sjaak Van Loo,Jaap Koppejan
Publisher : Earthscan
Release : 2012-05-16
ISBN : 1849773041
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This unique handbook presents both the theory and application of biomass combustion and co-firing, from basic principles to industrial combustion and environmental impact, in a clear and comprehensive manner. It offers a solid grounding on biomass combustion, and advice on improving combustion systems.Written by leading international academics and industrial experts, and prepared under the auspices of the IEA Bioenergy Implementing Agreement, the handbook is an essential resource for anyone interested in biomass combustion and co-firing technologies varying from domestic woodstoves to utility-scale power generation. The book covers subjects including biomass fuel pre-treatment and logistics, modelling the combustion process and ash-related issues, as well as featuring an overview of the current R&D needs regarding biomass combustion.

Handbook of Algal Technologies and Phytochemicals

Handbook of Algal Technologies and Phytochemicals Book
Author : Gokare A. Ravishankar,Ranga Rao Ambati
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-07-12
ISBN : 0429603657
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Key Features The most comprehensive resource available on the biodiversity of algal species, their industrial production processes and their use for human consumption in food, health and varied applications. Emphasis on basic and applied research, addressing aspects of scale-up for commercial exploitation for the development of novel phytochemicals (phytochemicals from algae). Addresses the underexplored and underutilized potential of chemicals from marine sources for health benefits. Each chapter, written by expert contributors from around the world, includes a Dictionary of Terms, Key Facts, Summary Points, Figures and Tables, as well as up-to-date references. The second book in this two-volume set explores phycoremedation applications, and the sustainable use of algae for biofuels and other products of economic value. It also looks at aspects such as macro- and micro algal impact on marine ecosystem and remote sensing of algal blooms. The commercial value of chemicals of value to food and health is about $6 billion annually, of which 30 percent relates to micro and macro algal metabolites and products for health food applications. As a whole, the two volumes explore the aspects of diversity of micro and macro algal forms, their traditional uses; their constituents which are of value for food, feed, specialty chemicals, bioactive compounds for novel applications, and bioenergy molecules. Bio-business and the market share of algae-based products are also dealt with, providing global perspectives.

The Biogas Handbook

The Biogas Handbook Book
Author : Arthur Wellinger,Jerry D Murphy,David Baxter
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-02-19
ISBN : 0857097415
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With pressure increasing to utilise wastes and residues effectively and sustainably, the production of biogas represents one of the most important routes towards reaching national and international renewable energy targets. The biogas handbook: Science, production and applications provides a comprehensive and systematic guide to the development and deployment of biogas supply chains and technology. Following a concise overview of biogas as an energy option, part one explores biomass resources and fundamental science and engineering of biogas production, including feedstock characterisation, storage and pre-treatment, and yield optimisation. Plant design, engineering, process optimisation and digestate utilisation are the focus of part two. Topics considered include the engineering and process control of biogas plants, methane emissions in biogas production, and biogas digestate quality, utilisation and land application. Finally, part three discusses international experience and best practice in biogas utilisation. Biogas cleaning and upgrading to biomethane, biomethane use as transport fuel and the generation of heat and power from biogas for stationery applications are all discussed. The book concludes with a review of market development and biomethane certification schemes. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, The biogas handbook: Science, production and applications is a practical reference to biogas technology for process engineers, manufacturers, industrial chemists and biochemists, scientists, researchers and academics working in this field. Provides a concise overview of biogas as an energy option Explores biomass resources for production Examines plant design and engineering and process optimisation

2008 All States Tax Handbook

2008 All States Tax Handbook Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007-12
ISBN : 9780781103855
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download 2008 All States Tax Handbook book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Yield Characteristics of Biodiesel Produced from Chicken Fat tall Oil Blended Feedstocks

Yield Characteristics of Biodiesel Produced from Chicken Fat tall Oil Blended Feedstocks Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The primary objective of this study was to investigate the conversion of chicken fat and tall oil, both individually and in a blend, into biodiesel. The conventional base-catalyzed method of biodiesel production has shown to be inappropriate for the conversion of high free fatty acid-containing feedstocks such as tall oil, due to the undesired saponification reaction that takes place. Likewise, the acid-catalyzed method of biodiesel production has been shown to be inappropriate for the conversion of triglyceride-containing feedstocks, such as chicken fat, due to the long reaction times and large excess of methanol required. Therefore, an alternate reaction pathway was investigated for these two very different feedstocks. Supercritical methanol treatment, which requires no separate catalyst, was the method chosen. Following the development of proper protocol, both chicken fat and tall oil fatty acids were reacted in supercritical methanol to produce biodiesel under a matrix of temperatures and methanol to fee stock ratios. Results indicate that the chicken fat and tall oil fatty acids can be converted successfully in a single step with yields in excess of 89% (out of 91% max) and 94% respectively. The optimum temperature and excess methanol was determined, and the results suggest the use of a two step process involving the initial hydrolysis of triglyceride-containing feeds followed by the supercritical esterification of the resulting/existing free fatty acids. The results of one such test proved to be satisfactory, and are reported herein. Furthermore, crude tall oil was also tested in the system to investigate its viability as a biodiesel feedstock with limited success. Cold flow properties, such as viscosity and cloud point, are reported for the resultant fuels. The viscosities of all of the fuels exceeded the ASTM D6751 acceptable specifications for biodiesel; therefore blending with other biodiesel fuels such as methyl soyate would be required for widespread use of the fuels produced under the conditions reported herein as commercial biodiesel.

Indiana Handbook of Taxes Revenues and Appropriations

Indiana Handbook of Taxes  Revenues  and Appropriations Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Indiana Handbook of Taxes Revenues and Appropriations book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Clean Air Act Handbook

Clean Air Act Handbook Book
Author : Craig A. Moyer,David R. Wooley,Elizabeth M. Morss,Michael A. Francis
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 9780314964656
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Clean Air Act Handbook book written by Craig A. Moyer,David R. Wooley,Elizabeth M. Morss,Michael A. Francis, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.