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Handbook Of Analytical Techniques For Forensic Samples

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Handbook of Analytical Techniques for Forensic Samples

Handbook of Analytical Techniques for Forensic Samples Book
Author : Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain,Deepak Rawtani,Gaurav Pandey,Maithri Tharmavaram
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-11-28
ISBN : 0128223014
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Analytical Techniques for Forensic Samples: Current and Emerging Developments discusses in detail the current trends and latest analytical techniques and methods commonly employed in forensic analysis in order to ensure the proper facilitation of justice. This book is useful for readers who wish to stay updated on the latest trends in the forensic analysis of samples encountered at crime scenes. Technological advancements, such as biosensors, nanotechnology, and taggant technology have upped the level of analysis in forensic science. These emergent technologies, incorporated with existing analytical techniques, are leading to more precise, accurate, and specific examination of forensic samples. Lab-on-a-chip technology has also eased several kinds of on-site analyses done by investigating teams at different types of crime scenes. This book covers the evolution of forensic sample analysis as well as these emerging trends and new technologies. Includes an entire section of experimental exercises for self-teaching and key concept review Covers laboratory protocols used in forensic science laboratories for the analysis of various samples through different analytical techniques Condenses the many aspects of forensic analytical chemistry into a single resource with easy-to-understand language for everyone from students to practitioners

Analytical Techniques in Forensic Science

Analytical Techniques in Forensic Science Book
Author : Rosalind Wolstenholme,Sue Jickells,Shari Forbes
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-03-08
ISBN : 1119978289
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An in-depth text that explores the interface between analytical chemistry and trace evidence Analytical Techniques in Forensic Science is a comprehensive guide written in accessible terms that examines the interface between analytical chemistry and trace evidence in forensic science. With contributions from noted experts on the topic, the text features a detailed introduction analysis in forensic science and then subsequent chapters explore the laboratory techniques grouped by shared operating principles. For each technique, the authors incorporate specific theory, application to forensic analytics, interpretation, forensic specific developments, and illustrative case studies. Forensic techniques covered include UV-Vis and vibrational spectroscopy, mass spectrometry and gas and liquid chromatography. The applications reviewed include evidence types such as fibers, paint, drugs and explosives. The authors highlight data collection, subsequent analysis, what information has been obtained and what this means in the context of a case. The text shows how analytical chemistry and trace evidence can problem solve the nature of much of forensic analysis. This important text: Puts the focus on trace evidence and analytical science Contains case studies that illustrate theory in practice Includes contributions from experts on the topics of instrumentation, theory, and case examples Explores novel and future applications for analytical techniques Written for undergraduate and graduate students in forensic chemistry and forensic practitioners and researchers, Analytical Techniques in Forensic Science offers a text that bridges the gap between introductory textbooks and professional level literature.

Forensic Analytical Techniques

Forensic Analytical Techniques Book
Author : Barbara H. Stuart
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-12-14
ISBN : 1118497414
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book will be an open learning / distance learning text in the Analytical Techniques for the Sciences (AnTS) covering analytical techniques used in forensic science. No prior knowledge of the analytical techniques will be required by the reader. An introductory chapter will provide an overview of the science of the materials used as forensic evidence. Each of the following chapters will describe the techniques used in forensic analysis. The theory, instrumentation and sampling techniques will be explained and examples of the application of each technique to particular forensic samples will be provided. The reader will be able to assess their understanding with the use of regular self assessment questions and discussion questions throughout the book. The user of the book will be able to apply their understanding to the application of specific techniques to particular analyses encountered in their professional life.

Analytical Pyrolysis Handbook

Analytical Pyrolysis Handbook Book
Author : Karen D. Sam,Thomas P. Wampler
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-03-23
ISBN : 0429574924
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Analytical pyrolysis allows scientists to use routine laboratory instrumentation for analyzing complex, opaque, or insoluble samples more effectively than other analytical techniques alone. Analytical Pyrolysis Handbook, Third Edition is a practical guide to the application of pyrolysis techniques to various samples and sample types for a diversity of fields including microbiology, forensic science, industrial research, and environmental analysis. The much-anticipated third edition incorporates recent technological advances that increase the technique’s sensitivity to trace elements, improve its reproducibility, and expand its applicability. The book reviews the types of instrumentation available to perform pyrolysis and offers guidance for interfacing instruments and integrating other analytical techniques, including gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. Fully updated with new sample pyrograms, figures, references, and real-world examples, this edition also highlights new areas of application including cultural materials, forensic analysis, and environmental studies. This book illustrates how the latest advances make pyrolysis a practical, cost-effective, reliable, and flexible alternative for increasingly complex sample analyses. Analytical Pyrolysis Handbook, Third Edition is an essential, one-stop guide for determining if pyrolysis meets application-specific needs as well as performing pyrolysis and handling the data obtained.

Handbook of Firearms and Ballistics

Handbook of Firearms and Ballistics Book
Author : Brian J. Heard
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-08-17
ISBN : 1119964776
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The updated second edition of Handbook of Firearms and Ballistics includes recent developed analytical techniques and methodologies with a more comprehensive glossary, additional material, and new case studies. With a new chapter on the determination of bullet caliber via x-ray photography, this edition includes revised material on muzzle attachments, proof marks, non-toxic bullets, and gunshot residues. Essential reading for forensic scientists, firearms examiners, defense and prosecution practitioners, the judiciary, and police force, this book is also a helpful reference guide for undergraduate and graduate forensic science students.

Handbook of Analytical Techniques

Handbook of Analytical Techniques Book
Author : Helmut Günzler,Alex Williams
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2001
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The "Handbook of Analytical Techniques" serves as a concise, one-stop reference source for every professional, researcher, or student using analytical techniques. All relevant spectroscopic, chromatographic, and electrochemical techniques are described, including chemical and biochemical sensors, as well as e. g. thermal analysis, bioanalytical, nuclear or radiochemical techniques. Special articles are devoted to general topics such as chemometrics, sampling, and sample preparation. All articles were written and reviewed by acknowledged experts. They cover the fundamentals, instrumentation, and applications of each technique. Numerous references for each article facilitate access to the primary literature. This two-volume handbook comprises almost 1,200 pages with more than 900 figures and has an attractive two-column page layout. It is the key source for problemsolving in all areas of analysis, e. g. of food, water, wastewater, air, soil, biomolecules, pharmaceuticals, or for materials.

Handbook of Stable Isotope Analytical Techniques

Handbook of Stable Isotope Analytical Techniques Book
Author : Pier A. de Groot
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2008-11-10
ISBN : 0080930115
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This two-volume reference serves as a handbook containing a wealth of information for all isotope chemists working in a wide range of disciplines including anthropology to ecology; drug detection methodology to toxicology; nutrition to food science; and the atmospheric sciences to geochemistry. Complementing the first volume, Volume II includes matters that are not strictly confined to the analytical techniques themselves, but relate to analysis of stable isotopes, such as the views on the development of mass spectrometers, isotopic scales, standards and references, and directives for setting up a laboratory. ALSO AVAILABLE: Volume I: Dec. 2004, 0444511148/9780444511140, $176.00 Volume I and II (set): Oct. 2007, 0444511164/9780444511164, $205.00 * Presents an encyclopedic overview of stable isotope analytical techniques in an objective way * Includes descriptions of methods and diagrams of analytical devices * Addresses how older techniques formed the basis for present-day techniques, which can be useful in constructing modern analytical systems * Completments Volume I of the set

Forensic Analytical Methods

Forensic Analytical Methods Book
Author : Thiago R L C Paixão,Wendell K T Coltro,Maiara Oliveira Salles
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2019-08-16
ISBN : 1788014596
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Forensic analysis relates to the development of analytical methods from laboratory applications to in-field and in situ applications to resolve criminal cases. There has been a rapid expansion in the past few years in this area, which has led to an increase in the output of literature. This is the first book that brings together the understanding of the analytical techniques and how these influence the outcome of a forensic investigation. Starting with a brief introduction of the chemical analysis for forensic application, some forensic sampling and sample preparation, the book then describes techniques used in forensic chemical sensing in order to solve crimes. The techniques describe current forensic science practices in analytical chemistry and specifically the development of portable detectors to guide the authorities in the field. The book provides an excellent combination of current issues in forensic analytical methods for the graduates and professionals. It will cover the essential principles for students and directly relate the techniques to applications in real situations.

Handbook of Forensic Drug Analysis

Handbook of Forensic Drug Analysis Book
Author : Fred Smith
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2004-12-31
ISBN : 9780080472898
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Handbook of Forensic Drug Analysis is a comprehensive chemical and analytic reference for the forensic analysis of illicit drugs. With chapters written by leading researchers in the field, the book provides in-depth, up-to-date methods and results of forensic drug analyses. This Handbook discusses various forms of the drug as well as the origin and nature of samples. It explains how to perform various tests, the use of best practices, and the analysis of results. Numerous forensic and chemical analytic techniques are covered including immunoassay, gas chromatography, and mass spectrometry. Topics range from the use of immunoassay technologies for drugs-of-abuse testing, to methods of forensic analysis for cannabis, hallucinogens, cocaine, opioids, and amphetamine. The book also looks at synthetic methods and law enforcement concerns regarding the manufacture of illicit drugs, with an emphasis on clandestine methamphetamine production. This Handbook should serve as a widely used reference for forensic scientists, toxicologists, pharmacologists, drug companies, and professionals working in toxicology testing labs, libraries, and poison control centers. It may also be used by chemists, physicians and those in legal and regulatory professions, and students of graduate courses in forensic science. Contributed to by leading scientists from around the world The only analysis book dedicated to illicit drugs of abuse Comprehensive coverage of sampling methods and various forms of analysis

Handbook of Analytical Therapeutic Drug Monitoring and Toxicology 1996

Handbook of Analytical Therapeutic Drug Monitoring and Toxicology  1996  Book
Author : Steven H.Y. Wong,Irving Sunshine
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-11-22
ISBN : 1351364278
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Adapting modern advances in analytical techniques to daily laboratory practices challenges many toxicologists, clinical laboratories, and pharmaceutical scientists. The Handbook of Analytical Therapeutic Drug Monitoring and Toxicology helps you keep abreast of the innovative changes that can make your laboratory - and the studies undertaken in it - a success. This volume simplifies your search for appropriate techniques, describes recent contributions from leading investigators, and provides valuable evaluations and advice.

Forensic Science

Forensic Science Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-09-22
ISBN : 9780080554259
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book presents the applications of separation methods, manly chromatography, in forensic practice. The first part, devoted to forensic toxicology, contains reviews on forensic relevant groups of compounds, like: Opiate agonists, cocaine, amphetamines, hallucinogens, cannabinoids, sedatives and hypnotics, antidepressive and antipsychotic drugs, analgesics, antidiabetics, muscle relaxants, and mushroom toxins. In these parts, the preliminary immunochemical tests were also included, together with separation methods. Screening procedures used in forensic toxicology were presented in separate chapters on forensic screening with GC, GC-MS, HPLC, LC-MS, CE, and LC-ICP-MS. In the part on actual and emerging problems of forensic toxicology, following chapters were included: Analytical markers of alcohol abuse, toxicological aspects of herbal remedies, drugs and driving, analysis in alternative matrices, doping analysis, pharmacogenomics in forensic toxicology, and quality assurance. The second part presents application of separation methods in forensic chemistry, and comprises chapters on: Explosives, chemical warfare agents, arson analysis, and writing media. Third part on forensic identification contains chapter on forensic genetics. All chapters are written up-to-date and present specific information up to 2006. The authors of each chapter are known not only from their scientific activity, but are also reputed experts, proven in everyday forensic casework. - Wide spectrum of topics presented - Up-to-date presentation of topics - Data are presented in comparative mode - Special stress put on screening procedures

Handbook of Forensic Medicine

Handbook of Forensic Medicine Book
Author : Burkhard Madea
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-05-05
ISBN : 0470979992
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Forensic Medicine encompasses all areas in which medicine and law interact. This book covers diverse aspects of forensic medicine including forensic pathology, traumatology and violent death, sudden and unexpected death, clinical forensic medicine, toxicology, traffic medicine, identification, haemogenetics and medical law. A knowledge of all these subdisciplines is necessary in order to solve routine as well as more unusual cases. Taking a comprehensive approach the book m.oves beyond a focus on forensic pathology to include clinical forensic medicine and forensic toxicology. All aspects of forensic medicine are covered to meet the specialist needs of daily casework. Aspects of routine analysis and quality control are addressed in each chapter. The book provides coverage of the latest developments in forensic molecular biology, forensic toxicology, molecular pathology and immunohistochemistry. A must-have reference for every specialist in the field this book is set to become the bench-mark for the international forensic medical community.

Handbook of Trace Evidence Analysis

Handbook of Trace Evidence Analysis Book
Author : Vincent J. Desiderio,Chris E. Taylor,Niamh Nic Daéid
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-11-02
ISBN : 1118962117
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Covers new trace evidence techniques and expanding areas of analysis, along with key theory and applications Developed around the need for updated information in the disciplines of trace evidence the Handbook of Trace Evidence Analysis focuses on the increasing awareness and need for validation, modern methods for addressing and controlling contamination, the shift towards incorporating statistical analyses into the interpretation phase and cutting edge research into new forensic science methods and their application. Beginning with an overview of the topic and discussing the important role that information derived from trace materials can provide during investigations, the book then presents chapters on key techniques. The first being the critical nature of microscopy, and the methods employed for the recognition, collection, and preservation of trace evidence. Subsequent chapters review the core disciplines of trace evidence examination: paints and polymers, hairs, fibers and textiles and glass. Each chapter contains in-depth discussions on the origin of the materials involved, including any natural or synthetic processes involved in their production, the nuances involved in their detection, and the methods of analysis that are used to extract valuable information from samples. In addition, suggested workflows in method and testing selections, as well as addressing specific scientific challenges as well as the limitations of knowledge on the transfer, persistence and background abundance of trace materials are discussed. The book ends by examining the interpretation of trace evidence findings from a historical perspective and examining the methods that are currently being developed. Provides an in-depth introduction to the general area of trace evidence and discusses current and new techniques Consolidates trace evidence and materials categories of testing into one reference series Offers a detailed focus on technical approaches and guidelines to trace evidence Includes analytical schemes/workflows and valuable guides for the interpretation of data and results The Handbook of Trace Evidence will appeal to forensic science academics, students, and practitioners in the trace evidence and materials science disciplines, as well as DNA analysts, toxicologists, forensic anthropologists, crime laboratory managers, criminal justice students and practitioners, and legal professionals. It would also be a valuable resource for every crime laboratory reference library.

Standard Handbook Oil Spill Environmental Forensics

Standard Handbook Oil Spill Environmental Forensics Book
Author : Scott Stout,Zhendi Wang
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-02-03
ISBN : 0128039027
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Standard Handbook Oil Spill Environmental Forensics: Fingerprinting and Source Identification, Second Edition, provides users with the latest information on the tools and methods that have become popular over the past ten years. The book presents practitioners with the latest environmental forensics techniques and best practices for quickly identifying the sources of spills, how to form an effective response, and how to determine liability. This second edition represents a complete overhaul of the existing chapters, and includes 13 new chapters on methods and applications, such as emerging application of PAHi isomers in oil spill forensics, development and application of computerized oil spill identification (COSI), and fingerprinting of oil in biological and passive sampling devices. Contains 13 new chapters on methods and applications, including emerging application of PAH isomers in oil drill forensics, the development and application of computerized oil spill identification (COSI), and the fingerprinting of oil in biological and passive sampling devices Presents the latest technology and methods in biodegradation of oil hydrocarbons and its implications for source identification, surface trajectory modeling of marine oil spills, and identification of hydrocarbons in biological samples for source determination Contains new case studies to illustrate key applications, methods, and techniques

Routledge Handbook of Crime Science

Routledge Handbook of Crime Science Book
Author : Richard Wortley,Aiden Sidebottom,Nick Tilley,Gloria Laycock
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2018-11-13
ISBN : 1135981736
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Crime science is precisely what it says it is: the application of science to the phenomenon of crime. This handbook, intended as a crime science manifesto, showcases the scope of the crime science field and provides the reader with an understanding of the assumptions, aspirations and methods of crime science, as well as the variety of topics that fall within its purview. Crime science provides a distinctive approach to understanding and dealing with crime: one that is outcome-oriented, evidence-based and that crosses boundaries between disciplines. The central mission of crime science is to find new ways to cut crime and increase security. Beginning by setting out the case for crime science, the editors examine the roots of crime science in environmental criminology and describe its key features. The book is then divided into two sections. The first section comprises chapters by disciplinary specialists about the contributions their sciences can make or have already made to crime science. Chapter 12 of this book is freely available as a downloadable Open Access PDF under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 3.0 license. https://s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/tandfbis/rt-files/docs/Open+Access+Chapters/9780415826266_oachapter12.pdf

Forensic Chemistry Handbook

Forensic Chemistry Handbook Book
Author : Lawrence Kobilinsky
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-11-17
ISBN : 9781118062234
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A concise, robust introduction to the various topics covered by the discipline of forensic chemistry The Forensic Chemistry Handbook focuses on topics in each of the major chemistry-related areas of forensic science. With chapter authors that span the forensic chemistry field, this book exposes readers to the state of the art on subjects such as serology (including blood, semen, and saliva), DNA/molecular biology, explosives and ballistics, toxicology, pharmacology, instrumental analysis, arson investigation, and various other types of chemical residue analysis. In addition, the Forensic Chemistry Handbook: Covers forensic chemistry in a clear, concise, and authoritative way Brings together in one volume the key topics in forensics where chemistry plays an important role, such as blood analysis, drug analysis, urine analysis, and DNA analysis Explains how to use analytical instruments to analyze crime scene evidence Contains numerous charts, illustrations, graphs, and tables to give quick access to pertinent information Media focus on high-profile trials like those of Scott Peterson or Kobe Bryant have peaked a growing interest in the fascinating subject of forensic chemistry. For those readers who want to understand the mechanisms of reactions used in laboratories to piece together crime scenes—and to fully grasp the chemistry behind it—this book is a must-have.

Applied Pyrolysis Handbook

Applied Pyrolysis Handbook Book
Author : Thomas P. Wampler
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2006-12-13
ISBN : 1420017497
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Analytical pyrolysis allows scientists to use routine laboratory instrumentation for analyzing complex, opaque, or insoluble samples more effectively than other analytical techniques alone. Applied Pyrolysis Handbook, Second Edition is a practical guide to the application of pyrolysis techniques to various samples and sample types for a diversity of fields including microbiology, forensic science, industrial research, and environmental analysis. This second edition incorporates recent technological advances that increase the technique’s sensitivity to trace elements, improve its reproducibility, and expand its applicability. The book reviews the types of instrumentation available to perform pyrolysis and offers guidance for interfacing instruments and integrating other analytical techniques, including gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. Fully updated with new sample pyrograms, figures, references, and real-world examples, this edition also highlights new areas of application including surfactants, historical artifacts, and environmental materials. This book illustrates how the latest advances make pyrolysis a practical, cost-effective, reliable, and flexible alternative for increasingly complex sample analyses. Applied Pyrolysis Handbook, Second Edition is an essential, one-stop guide for determining if pyrolysis meets application-specific needs as well as performing pyrolysis and handling the data obtained.

Handbook of Transnational Environmental Crime

Handbook of Transnational Environmental Crime Book
Author : Lorraine Elliott,William H. Schaedla
Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
Release : 2016-07-27
ISBN : 1783476230
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Crimes associated with the illegal trade in wildlife, timber and fish stocks, pollutants and waste have become increasingly transnational, organized and serious. They warrant attention because of their environmental consequences, their human toll, their impacts on the rule of law and good governance, and their links with violence, corruption and a range of crossover crimes. This ground-breaking, multi-disciplinary Handbook brings together leading scholars and practitioners to examine key sectors in transnational environmental crime and to explore its most significant conceptual, operational and enforcement challenges.

Workplace Drug Testing

Workplace Drug Testing Book
Author : Steven B. Karch, MD, FFFLM
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-04-19
ISBN : 9781420054491
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Extracted from the Drug Abuse Handbook, 2nd edition, to give you just the information you need at an affordable price. Using sample protocols from the transportation and nuclear power industries, Workplace Drug Testing reviews current federal regulations and mandatory guidelines for federal workplace testing programs and demonstrates practical techniques for specimen collection and laboratory testing. The book compares workplace testing outside the US including protocols, attitude surveys, and legislation from Europe, Australia and South America. Chapters include analytical approaches for sample testing such as radioimmunoassay and enzyme immunoassay, as well as confirmatory testing via quality assurance, calibrators, and controls. The book also offers analytical information for biological matrices other than urine; details the procedures for using hair, oral fluid, and sweat; and examines the physiologic considerations when interpreting alternative matrix test results. Containing numerous tables and figures, expert data, and supported by extensive references, this is a crucial tool for those charged with maintaining a drug-free workplace.

Mass Spectrometry Handbook

Mass Spectrometry Handbook Book
Author : Mike S. Lee
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-05-08
ISBN : 047053673X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Due to its enormous sensitivity and ease of use, mass spectrometry has grown into the analytical tool of choice in most industries and areas of research. This unique reference provides an extensive library of methods used in mass spectrometry, covering applications of mass spectrometry in fields as diverse as drug discovery, environmental science, forensic science, clinical analysis, polymers, oil composition, doping, cellular research, semiconductor, ceramics, metals and alloys, and homeland security. The book provides the reader with a protocol for the technique described (including sampling methods) and explains why to use a particular method and not others. Essential for MS specialists working in industrial, environmental, and clinical fields.