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The Gut Microbiome

The Gut Microbiome Book
Author : Ana Maria R. Moise
Publisher : Greenwood
Release : 2017
ISBN : 9781440842641
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This accessibly written, comprehensive summary of research findings on the gut microbiome and its implications for health and disease--a topic of growing interest and concern--serves as an essential resource for teachers and students. * Presents the most recent gut microbiome research in a way that is accessible to students interested in biological sciences and nutrition studies * Includes engaging sidebars and case studies that serve to better illustrate the connections between gut microbiota, human physiology, and chronic disease * Provides insight into the role of nutrition in shaping the gut microbiota and suggestions for improving human health

Gut Microbiota

Gut Microbiota Book
Author : Edward Ishiguro,Natasha Haskey,Kristina Campbell
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-01-10
ISBN : 0128105429
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Gut Microbiota: Interactive Effects on Nutrition and Health provides a detailed account of gut microbiota research, an exploration of how diet influences gut microbiota and the implications of gut microbiota for health. The book provides a summary of how diet interacts with the gut microbiome and presents practical applications focused on food, supplements and safety. This book provides scientists and clinicians who have an interest in the microbiome with an understanding of the future potential—and limitations—of this tool, as they strive to make use of evidence-based diet information for the maintenance of good health. Consolidates new research on how gut microbiota affects nutrition Identifies how the research applies to food, supplements and safety Provides diet recommendations to improve health Includes case studies from clinical populations Explores how diet influences gut microbiota

Metabonomics and Gut Microbiota in Nutrition and Disease

Metabonomics and Gut Microbiota in Nutrition and Disease Book
Author : Sunil Kochhar,François-Pierre Martin
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-10-21
ISBN : 144716539X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive overview of metabonomics and gut microbiota research from molecular analysis to population-based global health considerations. The topics include the discussion of the applications in relation to metabonomics and gut microbiota in nutritional research, in health and disease and a review of future therapeutical, nutraceutical and clinical applications. It also examines the translatability of systems biology approaches into applied clinical research and to patient health and nutrition. The rise in multifactorial disorders, the lack of understanding of the molecular processes at play and the needs for disease prediction in asymptomatic conditions are some of the many questions that system biology approaches are well suited to address. Achieving this goal lies in our ability to model and understand the complex web of interactions between genetics, metabolism, environmental factors and gut microbiota. Being the most densely populated microbial ecosystem on earth, gut microbiota co-evolved as a key component of human biology, essentially extending the physiological definition of humans. Major advances in microbiome research have shown that the contribution of the intestinal microbiota to the overall health status of the host has been so far underestimated. Human host gut microbial interaction is one of the most significant human health considerations of the present day with relevance for both prevention of disease via microbiota-oriented environmental protection as well as strategies for new therapeutic approaches using microbiota as targets and/or biomarkers. In many aspects, humans are not a complete and fully healthy organism without their appropriate microbiological components. Increasingly, scientific evidence identifies gut microbiota as a key biological interface between human genetics and environmental conditions encompassing nutrition. Microbiota dysbiosis or variation in metabolic activity has been associated with metabolic deregulation (e.g. obesity, inflammatory bowel disease), disease risk factor (e.g. coronary heart disease) and even the aetiology of various pathologies (e.g. autism, cancer), although causal role into impaired metabolism still needs to be established. Metabonomics and Gut Microbiota in Nutrition and Disease serves as a handbook for postgraduate students, researchers in life sciences or health sciences, scientists in academic and industrial environments working in application areas as diverse as health, disease, nutrition, microbial research and human clinical medicine.

The Gut Microbiome in Health and Disease

The Gut Microbiome in Health and Disease Book
Author : Dirk Haller
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-07-27
ISBN : 3319905457
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book provides an overview on how the gut microbiome contributes to human health. The readers will get profound knowledge on the connection between intestinal microbiota and immune defense systems. The tools of choice to study the ecology of these highly-specialized microorganism communities such as high-throughput sequencing and metagenomic mining will be presented. In addition the most common diseases associated to the composition of the gut flora are discussed in detail. The book will address researchers, clinicians and advanced students working in biomedicine, microbiology and immunology.

Bifidobacteria and Their Role in the Human Gut Microbiota 2nd Edition

Bifidobacteria and Their Role in the Human Gut Microbiota  2nd Edition Book
Author : Francesca Turroni,David Berry,Marco Ventura
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2020-02-14
ISBN : 2889633543
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The human intestine is home of an almost inconceivable large number of microorganisms. The human gut microbiota can therefore be pictured as an organ placed within a host organism. The human gut microbiome, which in total may contain >100 times the number of genes present in our genome, endows us with functional features that we did not have to evolve ourselves. It is recognized that intestinal microbiota plays an important role in human health and disease. In fact, gut bacteria other than metabolize dietary components, may play complex roles such as modulation of the immune system and in reduction of gut infections. Variations in the presence and/or abundance of certain components of the intestinal microbiota have repeatedly been observed in patients that suffer from atopic diseases, inflammatory bowel disease, Crohn disease, ulcerative colitis, infectious colitis, colon cancer and diabetes. In this context, bifidobacteria represent one of the most common bacterial members of the human gut microbiota. Bifidobacteria are anaerobic, Gram-positive, irregular or branched rod-shaped bacteria that are commonly found in the gastro-intestinal tracts (GIT) of humans, especially during the first stages of life and most animal and insects. Bifidobacterial fluctuations seem directly associated with health effects and for these reasons they are being exploited as health-promoting or probiotic bacteria. However, despite the extensive commercial exploitation of bifidobacteria as probiotic bacteria, little is known about their impact or dependency on other members of the human gut microbiota or on their host. Genome analyses have highlighted the existence of gene repertoires encoding products that are responsible for the adaptation of bifidobacteria to the human intestine and intense research efforts at international level are ongoing to understand the molecular details of these interactions. Specifically, the molecular interactions that are presumed to exist between bifidobacteria and the human host, as well as interactions between different residents of intestinal microbiota are the main topic of bifidobacterial research communities.

How Fermented Foods Feed a Healthy Gut Microbiota

How Fermented Foods Feed a Healthy Gut Microbiota Book
Author : M. Andrea Azcarate-Peril,Roland R. Arnold,José M. Bruno-Bárcena
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-11-28
ISBN : 3030287378
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book examines the role of fermented foods on human gut health and offers a unique contribution to this rapidly growing area of study. Fermented foods have been consumed by humans for millennia. This method of food preservation provided early humans with beneficial bacteria that re-populated the gut microbiota upon consumption. However, novel methods of production and conservation of food have led to severed ties between the food that modern humans consume and the gut microbiota. As a consequence, there has been a documented increase in the prevalence of autoimmune diseases and obesity, which has been correlated to decreased diversity of gut microbes, while infectious disorders have decreased in the three past decades. With the intention of providing a thorough overview of the relationship between fermented foods, nutrition, and health, the editors have grouped the chapters into three thematic sections: food and their associated microbes, the oral microbiome, and the gut microbiome. After an introduction dedicated to the environmental microbiome, Part I provides an overview of what is currently known about the microbes associated with different foods, and compares traditional forms of food preparation with current industrial techniques in terms of the potential loss of microbial diversity. The chapters in Part 2 explore the oral microbiota as a microbial gatekeeper and main contributor to the gut microbiota. Part 3 introduces beneficial modulators of the gut microbiome starting with the establishment of a healthy gut microbiota during infancy, and continuing with the role of probiotics and prebiotics in health preservation and the imbalances of the gut microbiota. In the final section the editors offer concluding remarks and provide a view of the future brought by the microbiome research revolution. This study is unique in its emphasis on the convergence of two very relevant fields of research: the field of studies on Lactic Acid Bacteria (LAB) and fermented foods, and microbiome research. The relationship between these fields, as presented by the research in this volume, demonstrates the intimate connection between fermented foods, the oral and gut microbiota, and human health. Although research has been done on the impact of diet on the gut microbiome there are no publications addressing the restorative role of food as microbe provider to the gut microbiota. This novel approach makes the edited volume a key resource for scientific researchers working in this field.

Understanding the Gut Microbiota

Understanding the Gut Microbiota Book
Author : Gerald W. Tannock
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-03-06
ISBN : 1118801423
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses the community of microbial species (the microbiota, microbiome), which inhabits the large bowel of humans. Written from the perspective of an academic who has been familiar with the topic for 40 years, it provides a long-term perspective of knowledge about this high profile and fast-moving topic. Building on general ecological principles, the book aims to help the reader to understand how the microbiota is formed, how it works, and what the consequences are to humans. Understanding the Gut Microbiota focuses on conceptual progress made from studies of the human bowel microbiota. Where appropriate, it draws on knowledge obtained from other animal species to provide conceptual enlightenment, but this is essentially a book about humans and their bowel microbes. Particular research approaches are recommended to fill knowledge gaps so that fundamental ecological theory and information about the microbiota can be translated into benefits for human health. The relationship between food for humans and resulting food for bowel bacteria emerges as an important topic for consideration. This concise scholarly treatise of the microbiota of the human bowel will be of great interest and use as a text and reference work for professionals, teachers and students across a wide range of disciplines, including the health sciences, general biology, and food science and technology. The provision of handy ‘explanation of terms’ means that those with a general interest in science can also read the book with enjoyment. About the Author Gerald W. Tannock, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand

Gut Microbiota in Neurologic and Visceral Diseases

Gut Microbiota in Neurologic and Visceral Diseases Book
Author : Tahira Farooqui,Akhlaq A. Farooqui
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-03-11
ISBN : 0128210400
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Gut Microbiota in Neurologic and Visceral Diseases presents readers with comprehensive information on the involvement of microbiota in the pathogenesis of neurological disorders. Chapters cover the effect of microbiota on the development of visceral (obesity, type 2 diabetes, heart disease) and neurological disorders (Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s, depression, anxiety, and autism). Sections focus on the molecular mechanisms and signal transduction processes associated with the links among microbiota-related visceral and neurological disorders. It is hoped that this discussion will not only integrate and consolidate knowledge in this field but will also jumpstart more studies on the involvement of microbiota in the pathogenesis of neurological disorders. Reviews the relationship between gut microbiome, diseases and disorders Discusses the relationship between diet, microbiota and inflammation Includes neurodegenerative, neuropsychiatric and cardiovascular disorders Covers diabetes, obesity and metabolic disorders Identifies molecular mechanisms and signal transduction processes Encompasses dietary fiber, fat, prebiotics and probiotics

Gut Remediation of Environmental Pollutants

Gut Remediation of Environmental Pollutants Book
Author : Xiangkai Li,Pu Liu
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-06-30
ISBN : 9811547599
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on probiotics and gut microbiota, as well as their roles in alleviating the toxicity of various environmental pollutants, presenting the latest research findings and explaining advanced research methods and tools. At the same time, it offers suggestions for future research directions. Further, the book introduces readers to the concept of gut remediation, a potential approach to reducing environmental-pollutant toxicity in vivo, based on modulation of gut microbiota using probiotic supplements. Lastly it provides suggestions for further reading.

Gut Microbiota

Gut Microbiota Book
Author : Alper Evrensel,Barış Önen Ünsalver
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2018-12-12
ISBN : 1789848148
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The gut-brain axis has gained considerable attention from different branches of the scientific community in recent years. In this book, scientists from different disciplines present current scientific knowledge on the topic. The interaction between the prokaryote and eukaryote cells stimulates the evolutionary processes, and results in various systemic illnesses such as neuropsychiatric disorders and may help the continuity of health. Nature has provided us with healthy food that builds our pharmacy. This natural pharmacy store may help the body's healing processes through its effects on gut microbiota and the immune system. This book aims to provide the reader with detailed analyses of the current scientific knowledge on the gut-brain axis and its relation with health and disease. We hope that the reader benefits from the presented material.

Interactions Between Diets Gut Microbiota and Host Metabolism

Interactions Between Diets  Gut Microbiota and Host Metabolism Book
Author : Jie Yin,Liwei Xie,Yuheng Luo,Helieh S. Oz
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2020-09-11
ISBN : 2889639983
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Interactions Between Diets Gut Microbiota and Host Metabolism book written by Jie Yin,Liwei Xie,Yuheng Luo,Helieh S. Oz, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Gut Microbiota Orchestrates The Neuronal Immune System

The Gut Microbiota Orchestrates The Neuronal Immune System Book
Author : Paola Brun,Hamid I. Akbarali,Ignazio Castagliuolo
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2021-05-28
ISBN : 2889668185
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Gut Microbiota Orchestrates The Neuronal Immune System book written by Paola Brun,Hamid I. Akbarali,Ignazio Castagliuolo, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Gut Microbiota and Pathogenesis of Organ Injury

Gut Microbiota and Pathogenesis of Organ Injury Book
Author : Peng Chen
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-04-22
ISBN : 9811523851
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book aims to introduce the latest research in gut microbiota by systematically summarizing how it modulates the pathogenesis of organ injury including alimentary tract injury, liver injury, lung injury, brain injury, renal injury, heart and vascular injury, endocrine disorders, immune responses and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) during sepsis. Gut microbiota which is recognized as a new “organ” in the body has been demonstrated to be able to regulate the homeostasis of many organs. The key role played by gut microbiota is the hotspot in biomedical research nowadays. This book provides a state-of-the-art report on recent discoveries regarding the novel insight into the mechanisms of human diseases progression. It will also offer the overall picture of the pathophysiologic roles of gut microbiota. This book is helpful for graduate students and professional researchers to get the knowledge of frontiers in both gut microbiota and organ injury.

Human gut microbiota onset and shaping through life stages and perturbations

Human gut microbiota  onset and shaping through life stages and perturbations Book
Author : Lorenza Putignani
Publisher : Frontiers E-books
Release : 2022-01-18
ISBN : 2889190870
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Human gut microbiota onset and shaping through life stages and perturbations book written by Lorenza Putignani, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Emerging Roles of the Gut Microbiota in the Pathogenesis of Metabolic Disorders

Emerging Roles of the Gut Microbiota in the Pathogenesis of Metabolic Disorders Book
Author : Isabel Moreno-Indias,Antonio Salgado-Somoza,Hamid el Azzouzi,Mora Murri
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2021-10-01
ISBN : 2889714551
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Emerging Roles of the Gut Microbiota in the Pathogenesis of Metabolic Disorders book written by Isabel Moreno-Indias,Antonio Salgado-Somoza,Hamid el Azzouzi,Mora Murri, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Insights of Gut Microbiota Probiotics and Bioactive Compounds

Insights of Gut Microbiota  Probiotics and Bioactive Compounds Book
Author : Katia Sivieri,Sonia G. Sáyago-Ayerdi,Ana Griselda Binetti
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2021-12-31
ISBN : 2889719227
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Insights of Gut Microbiota Probiotics and Bioactive Compounds book written by Katia Sivieri,Sonia G. Sáyago-Ayerdi,Ana Griselda Binetti, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Infant Gut Microbiota Colonization and Food Impact

Infant Gut Microbiota Colonization and Food Impact Book
Author : Christophe Lacroix,Maria Carmen Collado,Christophe Chassard,Aldo Corsetti
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2019-05-23
ISBN : 2889458687
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Infant Gut Microbiota Colonization and Food Impact book written by Christophe Lacroix,Maria Carmen Collado,Christophe Chassard,Aldo Corsetti, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Nutrition Gut Microbiota and Immunity Therapeutic Targets for IBD

Nutrition  Gut Microbiota and Immunity  Therapeutic Targets for IBD Book
Author : J.D. Lewis,F.M. Ruemmele,G.D. Wu
Publisher : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Release : 2014-09-10
ISBN : 3318026700
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) is a chronic debilitating disorder that occurs at any age and in populations around the world. Its pathogenesis is believed to involve a combination of genetic susceptibility, immune and external environmental factors, including the gut microbiota. Changing factors such as diet and the human gut microbiota may thus be a viable alternative to suppressing the innate and adaptive immune responses. The book at hand starts with a summary of the current understanding of the epidemiology and biologic underpinnings that manifest as IBD. Next, the gut microbiota, its function, and how it may interact with nutritional status in perpetuating IBD are looked at, followed by discussions on the potential for manipulation of the gut microbiota through the use of prebiotics, probiotics, antibiotics, and fecal transplantation. Chapters on the current role of and future prospects for nutritional interventions in the management of IBD complete the topics presented.

Gut Microbiota and Inflammation Relevance in Cancer and Cardiovascular Disease

Gut Microbiota and Inflammation  Relevance in Cancer and Cardiovascular Disease Book
Author : Cinzia Parolini,Amedeo Amedei
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2021-02-09
ISBN : 288966466X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Gut Microbiota and Inflammation Relevance in Cancer and Cardiovascular Disease book written by Cinzia Parolini,Amedeo Amedei, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Role of the Gut Microbiota in Health and Inflammatory Diseases

The Role of the Gut Microbiota in Health and Inflammatory Diseases Book
Author : Javier Ochoa-Reparaz,Ashutosh K. Mangalam
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2020-12-04
ISBN : 2889661563
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Role of the Gut Microbiota in Health and Inflammatory Diseases book written by Javier Ochoa-Reparaz,Ashutosh K. Mangalam, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.