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Guns Germs and Steel

Guns  Germs  and Steel Book
Author : Jared M. Diamond,Professor of Geography Jared Diamond
Publisher : W W Norton & Company Incorporated
Release : 1999
ISBN : 9780393317558
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Dismantles racially based theories of human history by revealing the environmental factors he feels are responsible for history's broadest patterns

Guns Germs and Steel

Guns  Germs and Steel Book
Author : Jared Diamond
Publisher : Random House
Release : 2013-07-04
ISBN : 1448180201
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

'A book of big questions, and big answers' Yuval Noah Harari, bestselling author of Sapiens Why has human history unfolded so differently across the globe? Jared Diamond puts the case that geography and biogeography, not race, moulded the contrasting fates of Europeans, Asians, Native Americans, sub-Saharan Africans, and aboriginal Australians. An ambitious synthesis of history, biology, ecology and linguistics, Guns, Germs and Steel is a ground-breaking and humane work of popular science. **WINNER OF THE PULITZER PRIZE** **Over One Million Copies Sold**

Guns Germs and Steel The Fates of Human Societies

Guns  Germs  and Steel  The Fates of Human Societies Book
Author : Jared Diamond
Publisher : W. W. Norton & Company
Release : 2017-03-07
ISBN : 0393609294
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Fascinating.... Lays a foundation for understanding human history."—Bill Gates In this "artful, informative, and delightful" (William H. McNeill, New York Review of Books) book, Jared Diamond convincingly argues that geographical and environmental factors shaped the modern world. Societies that had had a head start in food production advanced beyond the hunter-gatherer stage, and then developed religion --as well as nasty germs and potent weapons of war --and adventured on sea and land to conquer and decimate preliterate cultures. A major advance in our understanding of human societies, Guns, Germs, and Steel chronicles the way that the modern world came to be and stunningly dismantles racially based theories of human history. Winner of the Pulitzer Prize, the Phi Beta Kappa Award in Science, the Rhone-Poulenc Prize, and the Commonwealth club of California's Gold Medal.

Guns Germs Steel

Guns  Germs   Steel Book
Author : Riley Quinn
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-07-05
ISBN : 1351350501
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In his 1997 work Guns, Germs and Steel, Jared Diamond marshals evidence from five continents and across 13,000 years of human history in an attempt to answer the question of why that history unfolded so differently in various parts of the globe. His results offer new explanations for why the unequal divisions of power and wealth so familiar to us today came into existence - and have persisted. Balancing materials drawn from a vast range of sources, addressing core problems that have fascinated historians, anthropologists, biologists and geographers alike - and blending his analysis to create a compelling narrative that became an international best-seller and reached a broad general market - required a mastery of the critical thinking skill of reasoning that few other scholars can rival. Diamond's reasoning skills allow him to persuade his readers of the value of his interdisciplinary approach and produce well-structured arguments that keep them turning pages even as he refocuses his analysis from one disparate example to another. Diamond adds to that a spectacular ability to grasp the meaning of the available evidence produced by scholars in those widely different disciplines - making Guns, Germs and Steel equally valuable as an exercise in high-level interpretation.

Critical Summary of Guns Germs and Steel The Fates of Human Societies by Jared Diamond

Critical Summary of Guns  Germs  and Steel   The Fates of Human Societies by Jared Diamond Book
Author : Dennis Bergot
Publisher : GRIN Verlag
Release : 2004-02-17
ISBN : 3638254704
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Seminar paper from the year 2004 in the subject Economy - Environment economics, grade: 1,0 (A), University of Hamburg (Centre for Sea and Climate Research), course: Seminar Contemporary Environmental Problems, 4 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: The starting point of Diamond’s book “Guns, Germs, And Steel” is a question he was asked by an indigenious New Guinean friend of his called Yali. His question was: “Why is it that you white people developed so much cargo and brought it to New Guinea, but we black people had little cargo of our own?”1, adressing the obvious inequality in wealth and power of today’s world. With his book, Diamond tries to provide an answer for this question. According to Diamond, the immediate causes for the inequalities in the world today are to be found in the different stages of development between the continents as of around A.D. 1500. By that time, only societies of Eurasia, the landmass that constitutes Asia and Europe, and there especially the Western Europeans, possessed ocean-going ships, population-decimating germs, steel weapons, horses usable for warefare, easy spread of information by an efficient writing system and many other means that come in handy decimating, subjugating or in some cases even exterminating the originial inhabitants of other continents. Diamond calls these advantages the proximate factors of differing developments that led to the inequalities. The book’s title “Guns, Germs, And Steel” can be understood as a summary of these proximate causes. In chapter three of his book, Diamond cites as a prominent example of the inequalities the conquest by the Spaniard Francisco Pizarro and a few hundred soldiers over the Inca emperor Atahuallpa at Cajamarca/Peru in A.D. 1532. The Spanish got there and won because they possessed the above stated proximate factors. He then turns the point around and asks why, for instance, the Native Americans or Aboriginal Australians were not the ones who possessed these proximate factors and used them to conquer Europe. [...]

21st Century Geography

21st Century Geography Book
Author : Joseph P. Stoltman
Publisher : SAGE
Release : 2011-10-20
ISBN : 141297464X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is a theoretical and practical guide on how to undertake and navigate advanced research in the arts, humanities and social sciences.

Technology Disease and Colonial Conquests Sixteenth to Eighteenth Centuries

Technology  Disease  and Colonial Conquests  Sixteenth to Eighteenth Centuries Book
Author : George Raudzens
Publisher : BRILL
Release : 2003
ISBN : 9780391042063
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This study consists of eight essays critical of the currently dominant guns and germs theories in the historiography of European colonial conquest causes. Other methods of conquest, notably communication control, were as vital as firepower and disease importation, and motives were often more important than methods.

Safirka

Safirka Book
Author : Peter Bridges
Publisher : Kent State University Press
Release : 2000
ISBN : 9780873386586
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Peter S. Bridges's service as an American ambassador to Somalia capped his three decades as a career officer in the American Foreign Service. Safirka, a frank description of his experiences in Somalia and elsewhere, offers pointed assessments of American foreign policy and policymakers. Bridges recounts his service in Panama during a time of turmoil over the Canal; in Moscow during the Cuban missile crisis; in Prague for bleak years after the Soviet invasion; in Rome when Italian terrorists first began to target Americans; and in key positions in three Washington agencies. In Somalia Bridges managed the largest American aid program in sub-Sahara Africa. He dealt with a postcolonial regime, hobbled both by traditional clan rivalries and by a leader who cared far less about Somalia's people and progress than about maintaining his control over that poverty-stricken, strategic - which soon erupted in civil war.

Animal Oppression and Human Violence

Animal Oppression and Human Violence Book
Author : David A. Nibert
Publisher : Columbia University Press
Release : 2013-05-07
ISBN : 0231525516
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Jared Diamond and other leading scholars have argued that the domestication of animals for food, labor, and tools of war has advanced the development of human society. But by comparing practices of animal exploitation for food and resources in different societies over time, David A. Nibert reaches a strikingly different conclusion. He finds in the domestication of animals, which he renames "domesecration," a perversion of human ethics, the development of large-scale acts of violence, disastrous patterns of destruction, and growth-curbing epidemics of infectious disease. Nibert centers his study on nomadic pastoralism and the development of commercial ranching, a practice that has been largely controlled by elite groups and expanded with the rise of capitalism. Beginning with the pastoral societies of the Eurasian steppe and continuing through to the exportation of Western, meat-centered eating habits throughout today's world, Nibert connects the domesecration of animals to violence, invasion, extermination, displacement, enslavement, repression, pandemic chronic disease, and hunger. In his view, conquest and subjugation were the results of the need to appropriate land and water to maintain large groups of animals, and the gross amassing of military power has its roots in the economic benefits of the exploitation, exchange, and sale of animals. Deadly zoonotic diseases, Nibert shows, have accompanied violent developments throughout history, laying waste to whole cities, societies, and civilizations. His most powerful insight situates the domesecration of animals as a precondition for the oppression of human populations, particularly indigenous peoples, an injustice impossible to rectify while the material interests of the elite are inextricably linked to the exploitation of animals. Nibert links domesecration to some of the most critical issues facing the world today, including the depletion of fresh water, topsoil, and oil reserves; global warming; and world hunger, and he reviews the U.S. government's military response to the inevitable crises of an overheated, hungry, resource-depleted world. Most animal-advocacy campaigns reinforce current oppressive practices, Nibert argues. Instead, he suggests reforms that challenge the legitimacy of both domesecration and capitalism.

Dietary Considerations in Diabetes ECAB

Dietary Considerations in Diabetes   ECAB Book
Author : Anoop Misra
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2012-07-05
ISBN : 8131232093
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Diet plays an important role in the treatment of diabetes, alone or in combination with insulin or oral hypoglycemic drugs. The diabetic nutrition plan of an individual necessitates to be based upon, excepting the usual parameters, his/her socioeconomic status, ethnicity/religion, and local food habits. It is important that diet plan is individualized and also region based. Since there are a number of artificial sweeteners available now, it is necessary that physicians should take in account scientific data while prescribing any artificial sweetener. This issue in the ECAB Update Series: Diabetology reviews these issues in accordance with the Indian Dietary habits and available evidence to support the clinical decisions.

The Metallurgic Age

The Metallurgic Age Book
Author : Quentin R. Skrabec, Jr.
Publisher : McFarland
Release : 2015-01-24
ISBN : 1476611130
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Throughout history, the use and workmanship of metal has been closely associated with the very notion of civilization. Never was this connection more apparent than during the Metallurgic Age, which coincided with England’s Victorian era and the Gilded Age in America. This era, covering essentially the 19th century, saw unprecedented advances as a passion for technology and learning fueled a period of discovery and of practical application of the sciences. This work explores in depth the connection between Victorian creativity and the advance of engineering. It examines this age of accelerated invention and the evolution of new fields such as metallurgy, automotive engineering, aerodynamics and industrial arts. Numerous unsung inventors—many of whom lost one or more of the frequent patent battles that peppered the era—are remembered here along with the concept of the meta-invention. The result is a revealing look at how metallurgy permeated all areas of Victorian life and affected changes from the kitchen to the battlefield.

Hidden Assets

Hidden Assets Book
Author : Charles Ehin
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2005-09-12
ISBN : 0387256822
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Provides insights in cutting-edge models to put to practical use in order to increase an organaization's intellectual capital and new knowledge. Softcover version of the original that published in August 2004. Testimonials "Finally, a real breakthrough in management theory and philosophy. In Hidden Assets Ehin breaks the mold of current management thinking and presents a comprehensive and practical framework specifically designed for the knowledge economy." (Chris Tomecek, President, Bank of New York Separate Accounts Division) "Where was all of this when I needed it??? Over 40 years of management knowledge, experience, and tools packed into one book! What an incredible jump-start into a management career found in one quick-read work!" (Peter F. Gerity, Ph.D., Vice President for Academic Affairs, New Mexico Tech)

Know It All

Know It All Book
Author : New Scientist
Publisher : The Experiment
Release : 2015-02-24
ISBN : 1615192409
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A joy for science lovers, Know It All is your ticket to a grand meeting of curious minds! New Scientist magazine’s beloved “Last Word” column is a rare forum for “un-Google-able” queries: Readers write in, and readers respond! Know It All collects 132 of the column’s very best Q&As. The often-wacky questions cover physics, chemistry, zoology and beyond: When will Mount Everest cease to be the tallest mountain on the planet?If a thermometer was in space, what would it read?Why do some oranges have seeds, and some not?Many people suffer some kind of back pain. Is it because humans haven’t yet perfected the art of walking upright? And the unpredictable answers showcase the brainpower of New Scientist’s readers, like the anatomist who chimes in about back pain (“Evolution is not in the business of perfecting anything.”) and the vet who responds, “Quadrupeds can get backache too!”

Yali s Question

Yali s Question Book
Author : Frederick Errington,Deborah Gewertz
Publisher : University of Chicago Press
Release : 2004-11-15
ISBN : 9780226217468
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Yali's Question is the story of a remarkable physical and social creation—Ramu Sugar Limited (RSL), a sugar plantation created in a remote part of Papua New Guinea. As an embodiment of imported industrial production, RSL's smoke-belching, steam-shrieking factory and vast fields of carefully tended sugar cane contrast sharply with the surrounding grassland. RSL not only dominates the landscape, but also shapes those culturally diverse thousands who left their homes to work there. To understand the creation of such a startling place, Frederick Errington and Deborah Gewertz explore the perspectives of the diverse participants that had a hand in its creation. In examining these views, they also consider those of Yali, a local Papua New Guinean political leader. Significantly, Yali features not only in the story of RSL, but also in Jared Diamond's Pulitzer Prize winning world history Guns, Germs, and Steel—a history probed through its contrast with RSL's. The authors' disagreement with Diamond stems, not from the generality of his focus and the specificity of theirs, but from a difference in view about how history is made—and from an insistence that those with power be held accountable for affecting history.

Hunters Herders and Hamburgers

Hunters  Herders  and Hamburgers Book
Author : Richard W. Bulliet
Publisher : Columbia University Press
Release : 2005-09-14
ISBN : 0231503962
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Richard W. Bulliet has long been a leading figure in the study of human-animal relations, and in his newest work, Hunters, Herders, and Hamburgers, he offers a sweeping and engaging perspective on this dynamic relationship from prehistory to the present. By considering the shifting roles of donkeys, camels, cows, and other domesticated animals in human society, as well as their place in the social imagination, Bulliet reveals the different ways various cultures have reinforced, symbolized, and rationalized their relations with animals. Bulliet identifies and explores four stages in the history of the human-animal relationship-separation, predomesticity, domesticity, and postdomesticity. He begins with the question of when and why humans began to consider themselves distinct from other species and continues with a fresh look at how a few species became domesticated. He demonstrates that during the domestic era many species fell from being admired and even worshipped to being little more than raw materials for various animal-product industries. Throughout the work, Bulliet discusses how social and technological developments and changing philosophical, religious, and aesthetic viewpoints have shaped attitudes toward animals. Our relationship to animals continues to evolve in the twenty-first century. Bulliet writes, "We are today living through a new watershed in human-animal relations, one that appears likely to affect our material, social, and imaginative lives as profoundly as did the original emergence of domestic species." The United States, Britain, and a few other countries are leading a move from domesticity, marked by nearly universal familiarity with domestic species, to an era of postdomesticity, in which dependence on animal products continues but most people have no contact with producing animals. Elective vegetarianism and the animal-liberation movement have combined with new attitudes toward animal science, pets, and the presentation of animals in popular culture to impart a distinctive moral, psychological, and spiritual tone to postdomestic life.

Between Fear and Hope

Between Fear and Hope Book
Author : Andrew L. Barlow
Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
Release : 2003
ISBN : 9780742516199
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a structural analysis of race, and a methodology for connecting global to national and local racial processes. Visit our website for sample chapters!

Financial Stability Economic Growth and the Role of Law

Financial Stability  Economic Growth  and the Role of Law Book
Author : Douglas W. Arner
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2007-06-04
ISBN : 113946454X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Financial crises have become an all too common occurrence over the past twenty years, largely as a result of changes in finance brought about by increasing internationalization and integration. As domestic financial systems and economies have become more interlinked, weaknesses can significantly impact not only individual economies but also markets, financial intermediaries, and economies around the world. This volume addresses the twin objectives of financial development in the context of financial stability and the role of law in supporting both. Financial stability (frequently seen as the avoidance of financial crisis) has become an objective of both the international financial architecture and individual economies and central banks. At the same time, financial development is now seen to play an important role in economic growth. In both financial stability and financial development, law and related institutions have a central role.

Economic Instruments of Security Policy

Economic Instruments of Security Policy Book
Author : G. Shiffman,James J. Jochum
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2011-03-09
ISBN : 1137123621
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Governments have at their disposal many economic instruments to promote national security, such as sanctions, foreign aid, international trade, international finance and laws blocking funds for international terrorism. This book examines the use of theses economic policies and addresses how best to measure their effectiveness.

Big History

Big History Book
Author : Cynthia Stokes Brown
Publisher : New Press/ORIM
Release : 2012-11-06
ISBN : 1595588450
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Extend the human story backward for the five thousand years of recorded history and it covers no more than a millionth of a lifetime of the Earth. Yet how do we humans take stock of the history of our planet, and our own place within it? A “vast historical mosaic” (Publishers Weekly) rendered engaging and accessible, Big History interweaves different disciplines of knowledge to offer an all-encompassing account of history on Earth. Since its publication, Cynthia Brown’s “world history on a grand scale” (Kirkus) has been translated into nine languages and has helped propel the “big history” concept to viral status. This new edition of Brown’s seminal work is more relevant today than ever before, as we increasingly must grapple with accelerating rates of change and, ultimately, the legacy we will bequeath to future generations. Here is a pathbreaking portrait of our world, from the birth of the universe from a single point the size of an atom to life on a twenty-first-century planet inhabited by 7 billion people.