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Greenhouse Gas Balances Of Bioenergy Systems

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Greenhouse Gas Balances of Bioenergy Systems

Greenhouse Gas Balances of Bioenergy Systems Book
Author : Patricia Thornley,Paul Adams
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-12-07
ISBN : 0128094583
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Greenhouse Gases Balance of Bioenergy Systems covers every stage of a bioenergy system, from establishment to energy delivery, presenting a comprehensive, multidisciplinary overview of all the relevant issues and environmental risks. It also provides an understanding of how these can be practically managed to deliver sustainable greenhouse gas reductions. Its expert chapter authors present readers to the methods used to determine the greenhouse gas balance of bioenergy systems, the data required and the significance of the results obtained. It also provides in-depth discussion of key issues and uncertainties, such as soil, agriculture, forestry, fuel conversion and emissions formation. Finally, international case studies examine typical GHG reduction levels for different systems and highlight best practices for bioenergy GHG mitigation. For bringing together into one volume information from several different fields that was up until now scattered throughout many different sources, this book is ideal for researchers, graduate students and professionals coming into the bioenergy field, no matter their previous background. It will be particularly useful for bioenergy researchers seeking to calculate greenhouse gas balances for systems they are studying. I will also be an important resource for policy makers and energy analysts. Uses a multidisciplinary approach to synthesize the diverse information that is required to competently execute GHG balances for bioenergy systems Presents an in-depth understanding of the science underpinning key issues and uncertainty in GHG assessments of bioenergy systems Includes case studies that examine ways to maximize the GHG reductions delivered by different bioenergy systems

Greenhouse Gas Balances of Bioenergy Systems

Greenhouse Gas Balances of Bioenergy Systems Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1996
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Greenhouse Gas Balances of Bioenergy Systems book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Greenhouse Gas Balances of Bioenergy Systems

Greenhouse Gas Balances of Bioenergy Systems Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1998
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Greenhouse Gas Balances of Bioenergy Systems book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Greenhouse gas balances of bioenergy systems

Greenhouse gas balances of bioenergy systems Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1996
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Greenhouse gas balances of bioenergy systems book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Understanding Greenhouse Gas Balances of Bioenergy Systems

Understanding Greenhouse Gas Balances of Bioenergy Systems Book
Author : P. Adams,A. Bows,P. Gilbert,J. Hammond,D. C. (David) Howard,R. Lee,N. P. (Niall) McNamara,P. Thornley,C. Whittaker,Jeanette Whitaker
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2013
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Understanding Greenhouse Gas Balances of Bioenergy Systems book written by P. Adams,A. Bows,P. Gilbert,J. Hammond,D. C. (David) Howard,R. Lee,N. P. (Niall) McNamara,P. Thornley,C. Whittaker,Jeanette Whitaker, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Analytical framework for greenhouse gas balances of bioenergy systems Proceedings of a workshop 20 22 September 1995 Graz Austria

Analytical framework for greenhouse gas balances of bioenergy systems  Proceedings of a workshop 20 22 September 1995 Graz  Austria Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1996
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Analytical framework for greenhouse gas balances of bioenergy systems Proceedings of a workshop 20 22 September 1995 Graz Austria book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Improving the Greenhouse Gas Balances of Bioenergy Systems

Improving the Greenhouse Gas Balances of Bioenergy Systems Book
Author : Andrea Egeskog,Chalmers tekniska högskola. Institutionen för energi och miljö
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Improving the Greenhouse Gas Balances of Bioenergy Systems book written by Andrea Egeskog,Chalmers tekniska högskola. Institutionen för energi och miljö, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Analytical Framework for Greenhouse Gas Balances of Bioenergy Systems

Analytical Framework for Greenhouse Gas Balances of Bioenergy Systems Book
Author : B. Schlamadinger,M. Waupotisch
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1996
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Analytical Framework for Greenhouse Gas Balances of Bioenergy Systems book written by B. Schlamadinger,M. Waupotisch, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Proceedings of the Workshop Between COP3 and COP4 the Role of Bioenergy in Achieving the Targets Stipulated in the Kyoto Protocol 8 11 Sept 1998 Nokia Finland

Proceedings of the Workshop  Between COP3 and COP4  the Role of Bioenergy in Achieving the Targets Stipulated in the Kyoto Protocol   8   11 Sept  1998  Nokia  Finland Book
Author : Workshop Between COP3 and COP4: The Role of Bioenergy in Achieving the Targets Stipulated in the Kyoto Protocol (1998, Nokia)
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1998
ISBN : 9783950084719
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Proceedings of the Workshop Between COP3 and COP4 the Role of Bioenergy in Achieving the Targets Stipulated in the Kyoto Protocol 8 11 Sept 1998 Nokia Finland book written by Workshop Between COP3 and COP4: The Role of Bioenergy in Achieving the Targets Stipulated in the Kyoto Protocol (1998, Nokia), available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Greenhouse Gas Balances of Biomass Energy Systems

Greenhouse Gas Balances of Biomass Energy Systems Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1994
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A full energy-cycle analysis of greenhouse gas emissions of biomass energy systems requires analysis well beyond the energy sector. For example, production of biomass fuels impacts on the global carbon cycle by altering the amount of carbon stored in the biosphere and often by producing a stream of by-products or co-products which substitute for other energy-intensive products like cement, steel, concrete or, in case of ethanol from corn, animal feed. It is necessary to distinguish between greenhouse gas emissions associated with the energy product as opposed to those associated with other products. Production of biomass fuels also has an opportunity cost because it uses large land areas which could have been used otherwise. Accounting for the greenhouse gas emissions from biomass fuels in an environment of credits and debits creates additional challenges because there are large nonlinearities in the carbon flows over time. This paper presents some of the technical challenges of comprehensive greenhouse gas accounting and distinguishes between technical and public policy issues.

Concepts and Instruments for a Rational Bioenergy Policy

Concepts and Instruments for a Rational Bioenergy Policy Book
Author : Alexandra Purkus
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-06-21
ISBN : 3319311352
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides an in-depth economic analysis of the challenges associated with bioenergy use and production. Drawing on New Institutional Economics and the theory of economic policy, it develops theory-based recommendations for a bioenergy policy that strives for efficiency and sustainability. Further, it shows how to deal with diverse uncertainties and constraints, such as institutional path dependencies, transaction costs, multiple and conflicting policy aims, and interacting market failures, while also applying the resulting theoretical insights to a case study analysis of Germany’s bioenergy policy. As such, the book aims to bridge the gap between practical bioenergy policymaking on the one hand, and neoclassical theory-based concepts that strictly focus on a minimization of greenhouse gas mitigation costs on the other.

Methods for Measuring Greenhouse Gas Balances and Evaluating Mitigation Options in Smallholder Agriculture

Methods for Measuring Greenhouse Gas Balances and Evaluating Mitigation Options in Smallholder Agriculture Book
Author : Todd S. Rosenstock,Mariana C. Rufino,Klaus Butterbach-Bahl,Lini Wollenberg,Meryl Richards
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-08-23
ISBN : 3319297945
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

​​This book provides standards and guidelines for quantifying greenhouse gas emissions and removals in smallholder agricultural systems and comparing options for climate change mitigation based on emission reductions and livelihood trade-offs. Globally, agriculture is directly responsible for about 11% of annual greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and induces an additional 17% through land use change, mostly in developing countries. Farms in the developing countries of sub-Saharan Africa and Asia are predominately managed by smallholders, with 80% of land holdings smaller than ten hectares. However, little to no information exists on greenhouse gas emissions and mitigation potentials in smallholder agriculture. Greenhouse gas measurements in agriculture are expensive, time consuming, and error prone, challenges only exacerbated by the heterogeneity of smallholder systems and landscapes. Concerns over methodological rigor, measurement costs, and the diversity of approaches, coupled with the demand for robust information suggest it is germane for the scientific community to establish standards of measurements for quantifying GHG emissions from smallholder agriculture. Standard guidelines for use by scientists, development organizations will help generate reliable data on emissions baselines and allow rigorous comparisons of mitigation options. The guidelines described in this book, developed by the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture, and Food Security (CCAFS) and partners, are intended to inform anyone conducting field measurements of agricultural greenhouse gas sources and sinks, especially to develop IPCC Tier 2 emission factors or to compare mitigation options in smallholder systems.

Sustainable Biofuels

Sustainable Biofuels Book
Author : Ajay Kumar Bhardwaj,Terenzio Zenone,Jiquan Chen
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2015-04-24
ISBN : 3110381338
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With oil resources approaching their limits, biofuels have become increasingly attractive. This book provides a detailed description of the ecological implications of second and third generation biofuel feedstock production systems, beginning with an introduction to the importance of ecological sustainability alongside economic viability. The book is divided into sections describing theoretical foundation and benefits of various biofuel cropping systems, and providing a description of practical ecological limitations to achieve those fundamental benefits. The book covers such critical issues as greenhouse gas emissions, carbon balance, water cycle components, other biogeochemical and socioeconomic interactions alongside life cycle analysis principals for achieving sustainability. These are some of the most important sustainability, environmental and economic issues which biofuel industry and scientific community is seeking answers to.

Field based Estimates of Global Warming Potential in Bioenergy Systems of Hawaii

Field based Estimates of Global Warming Potential in Bioenergy Systems of Hawaii Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Replacing fossil fuel with biofuel is environmentally viable from a climate change perspective only if the net greenhouse gas (GHG) footprint of the system is reduced. The effects of replacing annual arable crops with perennial bioenergy feedstocks on net GHG production and soil carbon (C) stock are critical to the system-level balance. Here, we compared GHG flux, crop yield, root biomass, and soil C stock under two potential tropical, perennial grass biofuel feedstocks: conventional sugarcane and ratoon-harvested, zero-tillage napiergrass. Evaluations were conducted at two irrigation levels, 100% of plantation application and at a 50% deficit. Peaks and troughs of GHG emission followed agronomic events such as ratoon harvest of napiergrass and fertilization. Yet, net GHG flux was dominated by carbon dioxide (CO2), as methane was oxidized and nitrous oxide (N2O) emission was very low even following fertilization. High N2O fluxes that frequently negate other greenhouse gas benefits that come from replacing fossil fuels with agronomic forms of bioenergy were mitigated by efficient water and fertilizer management, including direct injection of fertilizer into buried irrigation lines. From soil intensively cultivated for a century in sugarcane, soil C stock and root biomass increased rapidly following cultivation in grasses selected for robust root systems and drought tolerance. The net soil C increase over the two-year crop cycle was three-fold greater than the annualized soil surface CO2 flux. Furthermore, deficit irrigation reduced yield, but increased soil C accumulation as proportionately more photosynthetic resources were allocated below ground. In the first two years of cultivation napier grass did not increase net greenhouse warming potential (GWP) compared to sugarcane, and has the advantage of multiple ratoon harvests per year and less negative effects of deficit irrigation to yield.

Climate Change 2001 Mitigation

Climate Change 2001  Mitigation Book
Author : Groupe d'experts intergouvernemental sur l'évolution du climat,Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Working Group III.
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2001-07-12
ISBN : 9780521015028
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

IPCC assessment of the scientific, technical, environmental, economic, and social aspects of the mitigation of climate change.

Biomass Energy with Carbon Capture and Storage BECCS

Biomass Energy with Carbon Capture and Storage  BECCS  Book
Author : Clair Gough,Patricia Thornley,Sarah Mander,Naomi Vaughan,Amanda Lea-Langton
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-07-11
ISBN : 1119237637
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An essential resource for understanding the potential role for biomass energy with carbon capture and storage in addressing climate change Biomass Energy with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS) offers a comprehensive review of the characteristics of BECCS technologies in relation to its various applications. The authors — a team of expert professionals — bring together in one volume the technical, scientific, social, economic and governance issues relating to the potential deployment of BECCS as a key approach to climate change mitigation. The text contains information on the current and future opportunities and constraints for biomass energy, explores the technologies involved in BECCS systems and the performance characteristics of a variety of technical systems. In addition, the text includes an examination of the role of BECCS in climate change mitigation, carbon accounting across the supply chain and policy frameworks. The authors also offer a review of the social and ethical aspects as well as the costs and economics of BECCS. This important text: Reveals the role BECCS could play in the transition to a low-carbon economy Discusses the wide variety of technical and non-technical constraints of BECCS Presents the basics of biomass energy systems Reviews the technical and engineering issues pertinent to BECCS Explores the societal implications of BECCS systems Written for academics and research professionals, Biomass Energy with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS) brings together in one volume the issues surrounding BECCS in an accessible and authoritative manner.

Life Cycle Assessment

Life Cycle Assessment Book
Author : Ralph Horne,Tim Grant,Karli Verghese
Publisher : CSIRO PUBLISHING
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0643094520
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) has developed in Australia over the past 16 years in a fragmented way with many different people and organizations contributing to the area at different times, and largely through informal or unpublished work. This publication will legitimize and document LCA research and methodology development to act as a record of what has happened and a basis for future development and application of the tool. The Centre for Design at RMIT has been a leading research center in Australia through its work on data collection, methodology development and contribution to knowledge through undertaking LCA studies for leading companies and government departments ranging from products, packaging, buildings, water management and waste management. This work, in addition to key work undertaken by other researchers, will be presented. The book will become a bridge between LCA implementation and life cycle management (LCM) and provide discussion on how LCA development will be in the future and how it integrates with available software tools.

The U N Framework Convention on Climate Change Activities Implemented Jointly AIJ Pilot Experiences and Lessons Learned

The U N  Framework Convention on Climate Change Activities Implemented Jointly  AIJ  Pilot  Experiences and Lessons Learned Book
Author : Robert K. Dixon
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9401142874
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Jose Maria Figueres Olsen Former President Republic of Costa Rica The heated debate about global climate change continues. Some say it is the gravest calamity our species has ever encountered. Others deny its existence altogether. As with most caseS of human decision making, the truth is most likely somewhere in the middle. The challenge of this particular set of decisions is the overwhelming sense of uncertainty. Science cannot fully attribute the climatic catastrophes occurring before our eyes to increasing levels of greenhouse gas concentrations. Neither can Science prove that extreme events and warming trends are unrelated to human behavior. Economic models, sophisticated as they are, cannot agree on the costs of reducing carbon dioxide (C~) emissions in industrialized countries. International negotiations are thus mired in the morass of scientific and economic uncertainty. The are only two elements of certainty in the whole debate. The frrst is the need for precaution. The potential impacts are such, that the risk of inaction is unaffordable to the human race. Under the current state of knowledge, mankind must take cautious but unequivocal steps to reverse current patterns.