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Graphitic Nanofibers

Graphitic Nanofibers Book
Author : Juzer Jangbarwala
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2016-12-05
ISBN : 0323511058
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The world of nanomaterials is complex; there is dubiety as well as unrealistic optimism about costs, practicality, timing for the availability of, and the true capabilities of products featured in the news. The progress of the industry is being affected from the incertitude generated by the multitudinous names used, coupled with lack of clarity and standardization in the definitions for carbonaceous nanomaterials, such as graphene, graphene oxide, nanographene, nanographene flakes, nanographite flakes, graphene nanoribbons, single-layer graphene, few-layer graphene, nanographite, nanotubes, nanofibers. In this perspicuous book about the carbonaceous nanomaterial domain, the author concisely covers nomenclature, characteristics, applications, costs, and manufacturing; all with the cardinal goal to offer the reader a reality check by delineating the steps to commercialization. Along the way, he also examines the cost impact of the touted applications and the boundaries of market adoption. Through references and personal experience, the author makes a compelling case for the market readiness of a mostly neglected class of nanomaterials known as Graphitic Nanofibers. Includes varied levels of technical focus and financial analyses to appeal to a range of skills and interests. Graphitic Nanofibers presents a technical and financial case for graphitic nanofibers, as materials that meet commercialization criteria today. Through personal experience and references, the author compares the functionality of graphitic nanofibers with the more hyped nanomaterials, and provides a comparitive reality check from a business perspective on the ease of manufacturing, cost and market adaptation. Includes varied levels of technical focus and financial analyses to appeal to a range of skills and interests.

Carbon Nanofibers

Carbon Nanofibers Book
Author : Madhuri Sharon,Maheshwar Sharon
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-02-09
ISBN : 1119769124
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers the fundamentals and applications of Carbon Nanofiber (CNF). In the first section, the initial chapter on the fundamentals of CNF is by Professor Maheshwar Sharon, the recognized “Father of Carbon Nanotechnology in India”, which powerfully provides a succinct overview of CNFs. This is followed by a chapter on biogenics that have produced unique morphologies of CNF that makes them suitable to various applications. This is followed by a chapter that mainly focuses on nanocomposites, especially those involving nanocomposites of CNF. The role of nanocatalysts and composites in promoting and enhancing the synthesis and application of CNF is then covered, followed by an important chapter on the characterization of CNF. The second section of the book encompasses the various applications of CNF, such as its use as a possible superconductor to adsorb and store hydrogen, and as a microwave absorber. The application of CNF for environmental concerns is also detailed by assessing its usefulness in dye and heavy metal removal from polluted water. The applications that are addressed include lithium-ion battery, solar cell, antenna, cosmetics, usefulness in regenerative medicine, as well as various aspects of agrotechnology.

Materials for Low Temperature Fuel Cells

Materials for Low Temperature Fuel Cells Book
Author : Bradley Ladewig,San Ping Jiang,Yushan Yan,Max Lu
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-03-09
ISBN : 3527330429
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There are a large number of books available on fuel cells; however, the majority are on specific types of fuel cells such as solid oxide fuel cells, proton exchange membrane fuel cells, or on specific technical aspects of fuel cells, e.g., the system or stack engineering. Thus, there is a need for a book focused on materials requirements in fuel cells. Key Materials in Low-Temperature Fuel Cells is a concise source of the most important and key materials and catalysts in low-temperature fuel cells. A related book will cover key materials in high-temperature fuel cells. The two books form part of the "Materials for Sustainable Energy & Development" series. Key Materials in Low-Temperature Fuel Cells brings together world leaders and experts in this field and provides a lucid description of the materials assessment of fuel cell technologies. With an emphasis on the technical development and applications of key materials in low-temperature fuel cells, this text covers fundamental principles, advancement, challenges, and important current research themes. Topics covered include: proton exchange membrane fuel cells, direct methanol and ethanol fuel cells, microfluidic fuel cells, biofuel cells, alkaline membrane fuel cells, functionalized carbon nanotubes as catalyst supports, nanostructured Pt catalysts, non-PGM catalysts, membranes, and materials modeling. This book is an essential reference source for researchers, engineers and technicians in academia, research institutes and industry working in the fields of fuel cells, energy materials, electrochemistry and materials science and engineering.

Eco Materials Processing Design VI

Eco Materials Processing   Design VI Book
Author : Hyung Sun Kim,Sang Yeop Park,Bo Young Hur,Soo Wohn Lee
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release : 2005-06-15
ISBN : 3038130052
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). The book will present materials researchers and users with a wealth of new information covering the entire spectrum of ecology, eco-materials, nano-materials, bio-materials, recycling, environmental protection and energy conversion related materials.

Springer Handbook of Nanomaterials

Springer Handbook of Nanomaterials Book
Author : Robert Vajtai
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-08-20
ISBN : 364220595X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Springer Handbook of Nanomaterials covers the description of materials which have dimension on the "nanoscale". The description of the nanomaterials in this Handbook follows the thorough but concise explanation of the synergy of structure, properties, processing and applications of the given material. The Handbook mainly describes materials in their solid phase; exceptions might be e.g. small sized liquid aerosols or gas bubbles in liquids. The materials are organized by their dimensionality. Zero dimensional structures collect clusters, nanoparticles and quantum dots, one dimensional are nanowires and nanotubes, while two dimensional are represented by thin films and surfaces. The chapters in these larger topics are written on a specific materials and dimensionality combination, e.g. ceramic nanowires. Chapters are authored by well-established and well-known scientists of the particular field. They have measurable part of publications and an important role in establishing new knowledge of the particular field.

Carbon Nanotubes and Carbon Nanofibers in Concrete Advantages and Potential Risks

Carbon Nanotubes and Carbon Nanofibers in Concrete   Advantages and Potential Risks Book
Author : Andrzej Cwirzen
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-07-10
ISBN : 0323855725
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book focuses on the application of carbon nanotubes and carbon nanofibers in traditional concretes based on Portland cement. Fundamental information is given related to the production technologies of carbon nanotubes and carbon nanofibers, as well as concretes and methods of incorporation. It also contains a section focusing on the possible negative effects of carbon nanotubes and carbon nanofibers on animals and humans. The book indicates benefits and possible problems related to the application of carbon nanotubes and carbon nanofibers in concrete. It is designed to be easy to access and digest for the reader, aiming to reach an audience, not only from academia, but also from the construction industry, materials producers, and contractors who might work with nanomaterials. Outlines the major properties and synthesis methods for carbon nanomaterials in concrete engineering; Explains the role of carbon nanotubes and nanofibers in creating high-performance concrete; Assesses the major challenges of integrating carbon nanomaterials into concrete manufacture on an industrial scale.

Nanofibers of Conjugated Polymers

Nanofibers of Conjugated Polymers Book
Author : A. Sezai Sarac
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-03-27
ISBN : 9814613525
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Conjugated polymer composites with high dielectric constants are being developed by the electronics industry in response to the need for power-grounded decoupling to secure the integrity of high-speed signals and to reduce electromagnetic interference. Electrically conducting polymers are materials that simultaneously possess the physical and chemical properties of organic polymers and the electronic characteristics of metals. Multifunctional micro- and nanostructures of conjugated polymers, such as of pyrrole, have received great attention in recent years because they can polymerize easily and have high conductivity and good thermal stability. They, however, have some disadvantages such as brittleness and hard processability, which can be overcome by developing their nanocomposites. Nanofiber materials with different dielectric properties can be made from conjugated polymer composites and used in the electronics industry, in sensors and batteries, for electrical stimulation to enhance nerve-regeneration process, and for constructing scaffolds for nerve tissue engineering. Electrospinning is a versatile technique that is used to produce ultrathin continuous fibers with high surface-to-volume and aspect ratios from a variety of materials, including polymers, composites, and ceramics. Conductive materials in fibrillar shape may be advantageous compared with films because of their inherent properties such as anisotropy, high surface area, and mechanical strength. They are of particular interest in electroactive composites as they can be efficiently distributed in an insulating polymer matrix to improve both electrical and mechanical properties. Combination of electrical properties with good mechanical performance is of particular interest in electroactive polymer technology. This book covers the general aspects of electrospinning and discusses the fundamental concepts that can be used to produce nanofibers with the help of mathematical models and equations. It also details the methods through which different polymeric structures can be included in conjugated polymers during electrospinning to form composites or blends of conjugated polymer nanofibers.

Activated Carbon Fiber and Textiles

Activated Carbon Fiber and Textiles Book
Author : Jonathan Y Chen
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-08-05
ISBN : 0081006780
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Activated Carbon Fiber and Textiles provides systematic coverage of the fundamentals, properties, and current and emerging applications of carbon fiber textiles in a single volume, providing industry professionals and academics working in the field with a broader understanding of these materials. Part I discusses carbon fiber principles and production, including precursors and pyrolysis, carbon fiber spinning, and carbonization and activation. Part II provides more detailed analysis of the key properties of carbon fiber textiles, including their thermal, acoustic, electrical, adsorption, and mechanical behaviors. The final section covers applications of carbon fiber such as filtration, energy protection, and energy and gas storage. Features input from an editor who is an expert in his field: Professor Jonathan Chen has a wealth of experience in the area of activated carbon fiber materials Provides systematic and comprehensive coverage of the key aspects of activated carbon fiber textiles, from their principles, processing, and properties to their industrial applications Offers up-to-date coverage of new technology for the fiber and textiles industries Covers applications such as filtration, energy protection, and energy and gas storage

Nanofibers

Nanofibers Book
Author : Tong Lin
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2011-11-14
ISBN : 9533074205
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As an important one-dimensional nanomaterial, nanofibers have extremely high specific surface area because of their small diameters, and nanofiber membranes are highly porous with excellent pore interconnectivity. These unique characteristics plus the functionalities from the materials themselves impart nanofibers with a number of novel properties for advanced applications. This book is a compilation of contributions made by experts who specialize in nanofibers. It provides an up-to-date coverage of in nanofiber preparation, properties and functional applications. I am deeply appreciative of all the authors and have no doubt that their contribution will be a useful resource for anyone associated with the discipline of nanofibers.

Handbook of Hydrogen Storage

Handbook of Hydrogen Storage Book
Author : Michael Hirscher
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2010-02-16
ISBN : 9783527629817
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Owing to the limited resources of fossil fuels, hydrogen is proposed as an alternative and environment-friendly energy carrier. However, its potential is limited by storage problems, especially for mobile applications. Current technologies, as compressed gas or liquefied hydrogen, comprise severe disadvantages and the storage of hydrogen in lightweight solids could be the solution to this problem. Since the optimal storage mechanism and optimal material have yet to be identified, this first handbook on the topic provides an excellent overview of the most probable candidates, highlighting both their advantages as well as drawbacks. From the contents: ¿ Physisorption ¿ Clathrates ¿ Metal hydrides ¿ Complex hydrides ¿ Amides, imides, and mixtures ¿ Tailoring Reaction Enthalpies ¿ Borazan ¿ Aluminum hydride ¿ Nanoparticles A one-stop reference on all questions concerning hydrogen storage for physical and solid state chemists, materials scientists, chemical engineers, and physicists.

Engineering Materials

Engineering Materials Book
Author : Ali Pourhashemi
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-11-24
ISBN : 1482256053
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers many important aspects of applied research and evaluation methods in chemical engineering and materials science that are important in chemical technology and in the design of chemical and polymeric products. This book gives readers a deeper understanding of physical and chemical phenomena that occur at surfaces and interfaces. The link between interfacial behavior and the performance of products and chemical processes is important. Helping to fill the gap between theory and practice, this book explains the major concepts of new advances in high-performance materials and their applications. This new book: • Highlights some important areas of current interest in polymer products and chemical processes • Focuses on topics with more advanced methods • Emphasizes precise mathematical development and actual experimental details • Analyzes theories to formulate and prove the physicochemical principles • Provides an up-to-date and thorough exposition of the present state of the art of complex materials

Oxford Handbook of Nanoscience and Technology

Oxford Handbook of Nanoscience and Technology Book
Author : A. V. Narlikar,Y. Y. Fu
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2010-02-11
ISBN : 019157967X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is an agenda-setting and high-profile book that presents an authoritative and cutting-edge analysis of nanoscience and technology. The Oxford Handbook of Nanoscience and Technology provides a comprehensive and accessible overview of the major achievements in different aspects of this field. The Handbook comprises 3 volumes, structured thematically, with 25 chapters each. Volume I presents fundamental issues of basic physics, chemistry, biochemistry, tribology etc. of nanomaterials. Volume II focuses on the progress made with host of nanomaterials including DNA and protein based nanostructures. Volume III highlights engineering and related developments, with a focus on frontal application areas. All chapters are written by noted international experts in the field. The book should be useful for final year undergraduates specializing in the field. It should prove indispensable to graduate students, and serious researchers from academic and industrial sectors working in the field of Nanoscience and Technology from different disciplines including Physics, Chemistry, Biochemistry, Biotechnology, Medicine, Materials Science, Metallurgy, Ceramics, Information Technology as well as Electrical, Electronic and Computational Engineering.

Nanotechnology in Biology and Medicine

Nanotechnology in Biology and Medicine Book
Author : Tuan Vo-Dinh
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-10-03
ISBN : 1439893799
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The second edition of Nanotechnology in Biology and Medicine is intended to serve as an authoritative reference source for a broad audience involved in the research, teaching, learning, and practice of nanotechnology in life sciences. This technology, which is on the scale of molecules, has enabled the development of devices smaller and more efficient than anything currently available. To understand complex biological nanosystems at the cellular level, we urgently need to develop a next-generation nanotechnology tool kit. It is believed that the new advances in genetic engineering, genomics, proteomics, medicine, and biotechnology will depend on our mastering of nanotechnology in the coming decades. The integration of nanotechnology, material sciences, molecular biology, and medicine opens the possibility of detecting and manipulating atoms and molecules using nanodevices, which have the potential for a wide variety of biological research topics and medical uses at the cellular level. This book presents the most recent scientific and technological advances of nanotechnology for use in biology and medicine. Each chapter provides introductory material with an overview of the topic of interest; a description of methods, protocols, instrumentation, and applications; and a collection of published data with an extensive list of references for further details. The goal of this book is to provide a comprehensive overview of the most recent advances in instrumentation, methods, and applications in areas of nanobiotechnology, integrating interdisciplinary research and development of interest to scientists, engineers, manufacturers, teachers, and students.

Graphite Graphene and Their Polymer Nanocomposites

Graphite  Graphene  and Their Polymer Nanocomposites Book
Author : Prithu Mukhopadhyay,Rakesh K. Gupta
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-10-30
ISBN : 1439827796
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Graphite, Graphene, and Their Polymer Nanocomposites presents a compilation of emerging research trends in graphene-based polymer nanocomposites (GPNC). International researchers from several disciplines share their expertise about graphene, its properties, and the behavior of graphene-based composites. Possibly the first published monograph of its kind, this book provides a comprehensive snapshot of graphite, graphene, and their PNCs, including the underlying physics and chemistry, and associated applications. Beginning with an introduction to natural and synthetic graphite, the precursors to graphene, the text describes their properties, characterization techniques, and prominent commercial applications. The focus then moves to graphene and its unique features, and techniques for its characterization. The chapters cover advances in electrochemical exfoliation of graphite, as well as exfoliation routes to produce graphene and graphite nanoplatelets for polymer composites. They also explore commercial use of graphene-based materials, such as emerging clean energy and pulse laser applications, and use as nanofillers in epoxy-based composites. The authors provide an overview of nanofillers and address two methods for GPNC preparation as well as specialized properties of GPNC. With its multidisciplinary approach, this book provides a broader scientific and engineering perspective necessary for meaningful advancements to take place.

Carbon Materials for Catalysis

Carbon Materials for Catalysis Book
Author : Philippe Serp,José Luis Figueiredo
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2009-02-04
ISBN : 9780470403693
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the first comprehensive book covering all aspects of the use of carbonaceous materials in heterogeneous catalysis. It covers the preparation and characterization of carbon supports and carbon-supported catalysts; carbon surface chemistry in catalysis; the description of catalytic, photo-catalytic, or electro-catalytic reactions, including the development of new carbon materials such as carbon xerogels, aerogels, or carbon nanotubes; and new carbon-based materials in catalytic or adsorption processes. This is a premier reference for carbon, inorganic, and physical chemists, materials scientists and engineers, chemical engineers, and others.

Medical Coatings and Deposition Technologies

Medical Coatings and Deposition Technologies Book
Author : David Glocker,Shrirang Ranade
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-06-24
ISBN : 1119308674
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Medical Coatings and Deposition Technologies is an important new addition to the libraries of medical device designers and manufacturers. Coatings enable the properties of the surface of a device to be controlled independently from the underlying bulk properties; they are often critical to the performance of the device and their use is rapidly growing. This book provides an introduction to many of the most important types of coatings used on modern medical devices as well as descriptions of the techniques by which they are applied and methods for testing their efficacy. Developers of new medical devices and those responsible for producing them will find it an important reference when deciding if a particular functionality can be provided by a coating and what limitations may apply in a given application. Written as a practical guide and containing many specific coating examples and a large number of references for further reading, the book will also be useful to students in materials science & engineering with an interest in medical devices. Chapters on antimicrobial coatings as well as coatings for biocompatibility, drug delivery, radiopacity and hardness are supported by chapters describing key liquid coating processes, plasma-based processes and chemical vapor deposition. Many types of coatings can be applied by more than one technique and the reader will learn the tradeoffs given the relevant design, manufacturing and economic constraints. The chapter on regulatory considerations provides important perspectives regarding the marketing of these coatings and medical devices.

Hydrogen as a Future Energy Carrier

Hydrogen as a Future Energy Carrier Book
Author : Andreas Züttel,Andreas Borgschulte,Louis Schlapbach
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-09-22
ISBN : 352762290X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book fills the gap for concise but comprehensive literature on this interdisciplinary topic, involving chemical, physical, biological and engineering challenges. It provides broad coverage of the most important fields of modern hydrogen technology: hydrogen properties, production, storage, conversion to power, and applications in materials science. In so doing, the book covers all the pertinent materials classes: metal hydrides, inorganic porous solids, organic materials, and nanotubes. The authors present the entire view from fundamental research to viable devices and systems, including the latest scientific results and discoveries, practical approaches to design and engineering, as well as functioning prototypes and advanced systems.

Nanotechnology and Nanomedicine in Diabetes

Nanotechnology and Nanomedicine in Diabetes Book
Author : Lan-Anh Le,Ross J. Hunter,Victor R. Preedy
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-03-08
ISBN : 1578087295
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Understanding the importance of nanosciences in diabetes is problematic as some texts can be too technical for the novice. This book uses a reader–friendly format suitable not only for practitioners but newcomers as well. It begins with general aspects of nanotechnology and nanomedicine in diabetes. It then discusses glucose and glucose sensors based on functional nanocomposites before moving on to a discussion of insulin and the use of nanoprobes to monitor cell processes in the pancreas. Finally, it explores drugs and other treatments, including second-generation sulfonylurea glipizide loaded biodegradable nanoparticles and nanoparticle-mediated delivery of angiogenic inhibitors in diabetic retinopathy.

Electrochemical Surface Science Basics and Applications

Electrochemical Surface Science  Basics and Applications Book
Author : Gaetano Granozzi,Nicolas Alonso-Vante
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-10-07
ISBN : 3039216422
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Electrochemical surface science (EC-SS) is the natural advancement of traditional surface science (where gas–vacuum/solid interfaces are studied) to liquid (solution)/electrified solid interfaces. Such a merging between two different disciplines—i.e., surface science (SS) and electrochemistry—officially advanced ca. three decades ago. The main characteristic of EC-SS versus electrochemistry is the reductionist approach undertaken, inherited from SS and aiming to understand the microscopic processes occurring at electrodes on the atomic level. A few of the exemplary keystone tools of EC-SS include EC-scanning probe microscopies, operando and in situ spectroscopies and electron microscopies, and differential EC mass spectrometry (DEMS). EC-SS indirectly (and often unconsciously) receives a great boost from the requirement for rational design of energy conversion and storage devices for the next generation of energetic landscapes. As a matter of fact, the number of material science groups deeply involved in such a challenging field has tremendously expanded and, within such a panorama, EC and SS investigations are intimately combined in a huge number of papers. The aim of this Special Issue is to offer an open access forum where researchers in the field of electrochemistry, surface science, and materials science could outline the great advances that can be reached by exploiting EC-SS approaches. Papers addressing both the basic science and more applied issues in the field of EC-SS and energy conversion and storage materials have been published in this Special Issue.