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Graphene Based Biomolecular Electronic Devices

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Organic Bioelectronics for Life Science and Healthcare

Organic Bioelectronics for Life Science and Healthcare Book
Author : Akio Yasuda,Wolfgang Knoll
Publisher : Materials Research Forum LLC
Release : 2019-10-25
ISBN : 164490036X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Novel bio-electronic devices have a great potential for gathering biological information such as vital signs, cell behavior, protein and DNA molecule concentrations. The book presents concrete examples and shows that there are lots of sensing targets still remaining to be handled. Organic materials offer high sensitivity, flexibility and biocompatibility, and can be prepared by novel fabrication methods such as printing and coating at low cost. Part 1: OFET-based sensors. Part 2: Graphene-based materials and sensor device applications. Part 3: Applications of bio-sensing technologies, inkjet printing, tests for stroke monitoring, etc. Keywords: Organic Bioelectronics, Bioelectronic Devices, Biosensing Technologies, Organic Field Effect Transistor (OFET), OFET-based Sensor, Functional Bio-Interlayer OFET, Electrolyte-gated OFET, Organic Charge-Modulated FET, Graphene-based Materials, Carbon Nanotube, Carbon-based Biosensors, Inkjet Printing, Stroke Monitoring

Graphene Based Electrochemical Sensors for Biomolecules

Graphene Based Electrochemical Sensors for Biomolecules Book
Author : Alagarsamy Pandikumar,Perumal Rameshkumar
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-10-22
ISBN : 0128156392
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Graphene-Based Electrochemical Sensors for Biomolecules presents the latest on these nanomaterials that have gained a lot of attention based on their unique properties of high mechanical flexibility, large surface area, chemical stability, superior electric and thermal conductivities that render them great choices as alternative electrode materials for electrochemical energy storage and sensor applications. The hybridization of graphene with other nanomaterials induces a synergetic effect, leading to the improvement in electrical conductivity, stability and an enhancement of the electrocatalytic activity of the new nanocomposite material. This book discusses the electrochemical determination of a variety of biomolecules using graphene-based nanocomposite materials. Finally, recent progress in the development of electrochemical sensors using graphene-based nanocomposite materials and perspectives on future opportunities in sensor research and development are discussed in detail. Covers the importance of detecting biomolecules and the application of graphene and its nanocomposite materials in the detection of a wide variety of bioanalytes Presents easily understood fundamentals of electrochemical sensing systems and the role of graphene-based nanocomposite materials in research and development

Graphene Bioelectronics

Graphene Bioelectronics Book
Author : Ashutosh Tiwari
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-11-22
ISBN : 0128133503
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Graphene Bioelectronics covers the expending field of graphene biomaterials, a wide span of biotechnological breakthroughs, opportunities, possibilities and challenges. It is the first book that focuses entirely on graphene bioelectronics, covering the miniaturization of bioelectrode materials, bioelectrode interfaces, high-throughput biosensing platforms, and systemic approaches for the development of electrochemical biosensors and bioelectronics for biomedical and energy applications. The book also showcases key applications, including advanced security, forensics and environmental monitoring. Thus, the evolution of these scientific areas demands innovations in crosscutting disciplines, starting from fabrication to application. This book is an important reference resource for researchers and technologists in graphene bioelectronics—particularly those working in the area of harvest energy biotechnology—employing state-of-the-art bioelectrode materials techniques. Offers a comprehensive overview of state-of-art research on graphene bioelectronics and their potential applications Provides innovative fabrication strategies and utilization methodologies, which are frequently adopted in the graphene bioelectronics community Shows how graphene can be used to make more effective energy harvesting devices

Nanoelectronics

Nanoelectronics Book
Author : Mircea Dragoman,Daniela Dragoman
Publisher : Artech House Publishers
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This newly revised edition of the popular Artech House book, Nanoelectronics: Principles and Devices, provides a current, unified treatment of the research, technology, and applications fueling the rapid growth of nanoelectronics. It brings together the solid-state physics, quantum mechanics, biology, and electronics now converging to blaze exciting new trails in both the development of nanoscale devices and in our understanding of physical properties and phenomena never before seen at larger scale.

Nanobiosensors for Biomolecular Targeting

Nanobiosensors for Biomolecular Targeting Book
Author : Subash C.B. Gopinath,Thangavel Lakshmipriya
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-10-26
ISBN : 0128139013
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanobiosensors for Bio-molecular Targeting presents the latest analytical methods for the detection of different substances in the range of small molecules to whole cells, exploring the advantages and disadvantages of each method. Biosensors combine the component of biological origin and physicochemical detector to show the presence of analytes in a given sample. The use of bionanotechnology has led to a significant advancement in the progression of nanobiosensors and has been effectively used for biomedical diagnosis. Explains the detection techniques used by nanosensors, exploring the strengths and weaknesses of each for the detection of disease Shows how biosensors are used to detect various types of biomolecules Demonstrates how the use of nanomaterials makes biosensors both cheaper and more efficient

Materials for Chemical Sensing

Materials for Chemical Sensing Book
Author : Thiago Regis Longo Cesar Paixão,Subrayal Medapati Reddy
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-11-23
ISBN : 3319478354
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers new materials used as analytical devices for increasing the interactions between the development of new analytical devices and materials science. The authors describe how different types of materials such as polymers, self-assembled layers, phthalocyanines, and nanomaterials can further enhance sensitivity and promote selectivity between analytes for different applications. They explain how continuing research and discussion into materials science for chemical sensing is stimulating the search for different strategies and technologies that extract information for these chemical sensors in order to obtain a chemical fingerprint of samples.

Graphene based Nanotechnologies for Energy and Environmental Applications

Graphene based Nanotechnologies for Energy and Environmental Applications Book
Author : Mohammad Jawaid,Akil Ahmad,David Lokhat
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-08-02
ISBN : 0128158123
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Graphene-Based Nanotechnologies for Energy and Environmental Applications explores how graphene-based materials are being used to make more efficient, reliable products and devices for energy storage and harvesting and environmental monitoring and purification. The book outlines the major sustainable, recyclable, and eco-friendly methods for using a range of graphene-based materials in innovative ways. It represents an important information source for materials scientists and engineers who want to learn more about the use of graphene-based nanomaterials to create the next generation of products and devices in energy and environmental science. Graphene-based nanotechnologies are at the heart of some of the most exciting developments in the fields of energy and environmental research. Graphene has exceptional properties, which are being used to create more effective products for electronic systems, environmental sensing devices, energy storage, electrode materials, fuel cell, novel nano-sorbents, membrane and photocatalytic degradation of environmental pollutants especially in the field of water and wastewater treatment. Covers synthesis, preparation and application of graphene based nanomaterials from different sources Demonstrates systematic approaches to the design, synthesis, characterization and applications of graphene-based nanocomposites in order to establish their important relationship with end-user applications Discusses the challenges in ensuring reliability and scalability of graphene-based nanotechnologies

Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene for Photonic Applications

Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene for Photonic Applications Book
Author : Shinji Yamashita,Yahachi Saito,Jong Hyun Choi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-08-31
ISBN : 0857098624
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The optical properties of carbon nanotubes and graphene make them potentially suitable for a variety of photonic applications. Carbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications explores the properties of these exciting materials and their use across a variety of applications. Part one introduces the fundamental optical properties of carbon nanotubes and graphene before exploring how carbon nanotubes and graphene are synthesised. A further chapter focusses on nonlinearity enhancement and novel preparation approaches for carbon nanotube and graphene photonic devices. Chapters in part two discuss carbon nanotubes and graphene for laser applications and highlight optical gain and lasing in carbon nanotubes, carbon nanotube and graphene-based fiber lasers, carbon-nanotube-based bulk solid-state lasers, electromagnetic nonlinearities in graphene, and carbon nanotube-based nonlinear photonic devices. Finally, part three focusses on carbon-based optoelectronics and includes chapters on carbon nanotube solar cells, a carbon nanotube-based optical platform for biomolecular detection, hybrid carbon nanotube-liquid crystal nanophotonic devices, and quantum light sources based on individual carbon nanotubes. Carbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications is a technical resource for materials scientists, electrical engineers working in the photonics and optoelectronics industry and academics and researchers interested in the field. Covers the properties and fabrication of carbon nanotubes and graphene for photonic applications Considers the uses of carbon nanotubes and graphene for laser applications Explores numerous carbon-based light emitters and detectors

Advanced Bioelectronic Materials

Advanced Bioelectronic Materials Book
Author : Ashutosh Tiwari,Hirak K. Patra,Anthony P. F. Turner
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-10-09
ISBN : 1118998871
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers the recent advances in the development of bioelectronics systems and their potential application in future biomedical applications starting from system design to signal processing for physiological monitoring, to in situ biosensing. Advanced Bioelectronic Materials contributions from distinguished international scholars whose backgrounds mirror the multidisciplinary readership ranging from the biomedical sciences, biosensors and engineering communities with diverse backgrounds, interests and proficiency in academia and industry. The readers will benefit from the widespread coverage of the current literature, state-of-the-art overview of all facets of advanced bioelectronics materials ranging from real time monitoring, in situ diagnostics, in vivo imaging, image-guided therapeutics, biosensors, and translational biomedical devices and personalized monitoring.

Graphene Based RF microwave Impedance Sensing and Low Loss Conductor for RF Applications

Graphene Based RF microwave Impedance Sensing and Low Loss Conductor for RF Applications Book
Author : Iramnaaz Iramnaaz
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biosensors are becoming more popular recently and expanding due to their broad applications in detecting disease and infectious agents, monitoring of environmental toxins, etc. Recognition and quantification of biochemical molecules and molecular interactions present great challenges in biosensing [38]. Impedance sensing at radio frequency (RF) /microwave frequency becomes very attractive as bio-molecules exhibits large distinct dielectric properties, and also because the ionic conductivity of water in most physiological systems is greatly diminished. For example, it has been reported that tumoral cells exhibits large value of electrical conductivity and permittivity which can result in significant variation of the impedance when compared to the normal cells [38]. The dynamic processes occurring in several microscopic, mesoscopic, and macroscopic organisms play key roles in device sensing and can be effectively monitored by impedance characterization. Graphene and its derivatives have attracted much attention recently for their application in biological sensing systems because of their unique 2D structure, flat planar surface and electronic properties. In this thesis, we made use of on-chip integrated impedance bio-sensors using coplanar waveguides (CPWs) as the sensing platform. Absorption of chemicals like Chitosan and DNA on graphene (or) graphene derivatives lead to remarkable red-shift of the resonant frequencies [38]. Substrate complex permittivity has been extracted from the simulation by using the ADS (Advanced design system) software. The imaginary part of the permittivity indicated significant leakage currents in the graphene/graphene derivatives, Chitosan, and DNA [38]. In this thesis, a proof-concept of transmission line based RF/microwave frequency has been reported for impedance bio-/chemical-sensor. The results showed that adding biomolecules to graphene oxide coated CPW sensors caused significant red-shift in the resonance frequency and the decrease of the resistance of the resonant frequencies, reflecting the change of the complex permittivity of the attached biomolecules. The experimental results obtained have also been verified by performing the 2D simulation [38]. On the other hand low loss conductors can be used and easily integrated with the high speed electronic circuits. They are basically used to overcome the drawback caused due to interconnect RC delay and also to improve the passive components present on the circuit. Earlier devices occupied more area and increased the cost of the system. Low ferromagnetic frequency (FMR), eddy current loss, magnetic loss etc, caused the poor quality factor inspite of adding thin ferromagnetic films like “Ni80Fe20” [35].The interconnect RC delay causes drawbacks such as low speed, energy dissipation, signal integrity etc which become more severe as we move to higher generation of technology (35 nm). Low loss artificial conductor based on ARLYM superlattice is being used to improve the passive components present on the circuit and also to overcome the issue with RC delay [35]. Thus, this approach of using the low loss artificial conductor method is been used for demonstrating the on-chip inductors having high quality factor and can be easily used for high speed electronics. Thus, this approach is proved to be very effective based on artificial layered material consisting of layers of “Ni80Fe20” (or) “Cu” superlattice [35]. By adjusting the thickness between the two layers the skin effect can be reduced to a great extent by using the high saturation material named “FeCo” to a minimum frequency [35].

Handbook of Graphene

Handbook of Graphene Book
Author : Barbara Palys
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-06-12
ISBN : 1119469759
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The sixth volume in a series of handbooks on graphene research and applications The Handbook of Graphene, Volume 6: Biosensors and Advanced Sensors discusses the unique benefits that the discovery of graphene has brought to the sensing and biosensing sectors. It examines graphene's use in leading-edge technology applications and the development of a variety of graphene-based sensors. The handbook looks at how graphene can be used as an electrode, substrate, or transducer in sensor design. Graphene-based sensor detection has achieved up to femto-levels, with performances delivering the advantages of greater selectivity, sensitivity, and stability.

Label Free Biosensing

Label Free Biosensing Book
Author : Michael J. Schöning,Arshak Poghossian
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-07-20
ISBN : 3319752200
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume summarizes the state-of-the-art technologies, key advances and future trends in the field of label-free biosensing. It provides detailed insights into the different types of solid-state, label-free biosensors, their underlying transducer principles, advanced materials utilized, device-fabrication techniques and various applications. The book offers graduate students, academic researchers, and industry professionals a comprehensive source of information on all facets of label-free biosensing and the future trends in this flourishing field. Highlights of the subjects covered include label-free biosensing with: · semiconductor field-effect devices such as nanomaterial-modified capacitive electrolyte-insulator-semiconductor structures, silicon nanowire transistors, III-nitride semiconductor devices and light-addressable potentiometric sensors · impedimetric biosensors using planar and 3D electrodes · nanocavity and solid-state nanopore devices · carbon nanotube and graphene/graphene oxide biosensors · electrochemical biosensors using molecularly imprinted polymers · biomimetic sensors based on acoustic signal transduction · enzyme logic systems and digital biosensors based on the biocomputing concept · heat-transfer as a novel transducer principle · ultrasensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensors · magnetic biosensors and magnetic imaging devices

Advanced Graphene Nanostructures for Biosensing Applications

Advanced Graphene Nanostructures for Biosensing Applications Book
Author : Trupti Madhukar Terse
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 9781369656848
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Graphene is a sp[superscript 2] hybridized carbon, arranged perfectly in a honeycomb structure to form a 2D monolayer of graphitic structure. It has become a popular choice in the development of electrochemical/electrical biosensor devices due to its large surface area, faster electron transfer kinetics, tunable band gap and ultrahigh charge carrier mobility with ballistic electron transport. The goal of this work is to synthesize advanced graphene nanostructures with improved electrical and physiochemical properties suitable for the development of ultrasensitive electrical/electrochemical biosensors. In the first project, seamless graphene-carbon nanotubes (G-CNT) hybrid film was synthesized using a two-step chemical vapor deposition (CVD) method where carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are grown on already grown graphene film on copper foil using iron as a catalyst. This three-dimensional G-CNT hybrid film has been studied for its potential in achieving direct electron transfer (DET) of glucose oxidase (GOx) and its bioelectrocatalytic activity in glucose detection. The DET between GOx and electrochemically oxidized G-CNT electrode was studied using cyclic voltammetry which showed a pair of well-defined and quasi-reversible redox peaks with a formal potential of--459 mV at pH 7 corresponding to redox site of GOx. The constructed electrode detected glucose concentration over the clinically relevant range with the highest sensitivity compared to reported composite hybrid electrodes of graphene oxide and CNTs. G-CNT structure used in this work has potential to be used for development of artificial mediatorless redox enzymatic biosensors and biofuel cell. In the second project, an electrical transduction based biosensor platform for detection of biomolecular interaction using a graphene nanogap electrode has been developed. Different nanofabrication methods including focused ion beam milling (FIB), nanoidentation and E-Beam lithography (EBL) were studied in achieving reproducible planar nanogap electrodes of width less than 100 nm. Electrical biosensing concept was tested on nanogap electrodes using a high affinity interaction of streptavidin- biotin. Sensor performance was further optimized for achieving the high sensitive detection of streptavidin. The detection capability of this biosensor can be tuned down to the single to few molecules. Proposed biosensor platform can be used for any detection based on biomolecules affinity interaction such as for antigen-antibody or chemo-selective interaction with full potential to be used as a portable point-of-use biosensor.

Tailoring Conducting Polymer Interface for Sensing and Biosensing

Tailoring Conducting Polymer Interface for Sensing and Biosensing Book
Author : Lingyin Meng
Publisher : Linköping University Electronic Press
Release : 2020-09-17
ISBN : 9179298001
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The routine measurement of signi?cant physiological and biochemical parameters has become increasingly important for health monitoring especially in the cases of elderly people, infants, patients with chronic diseases, athletes and soldiers etc. Monitoring is used to assess both physical fitness level and for disease diagnosis and treatment. Considerable attention has been paid to electrochemical sensors and biosensors as point-of-care diagnostic devices for healthcare management because of their fast response, low-cost, high specificity and ease of operation. The analytical performance of such devices is significantly driven by the high-quality sensing interface, involving signal transduction at the transducer interface and efficient coupling of biomolecules at the transducer bio-interface for specific analyte recognition. The discovery of functional and structured materials, such as metallic and carbon nanomaterials (e.g. gold and graphene), has facilitated the construction of high-performance transducer interfaces which benefit from their unique physicochemical properties. Further exploration of advanced materials remains highly attractive to achieve well-designed and tailored interfaces for electrochemical sensing and biosensing driven by the emerging needs and demands of the “Internet of Things” and wearable sensors. Conducting polymers (CPs) are emerging functional polymers with extraordinary redox reversibility, electronic/ionic conductivity and mechanical properties, and show considerable potential as a transducer material in sensing and biosensing. While the intrinsic electrocatalytic property of the CPs is limited, especially for the bulk polymer, tailoring of CPs with controlled structure and efficient dopants could improve the electrochemical performance of a transducer interface by delivering a larger surface area and enhanced electrocatalytic property. In addition, the rich synthetic chemistry of CPs endows them with versatile functional groups to modulate the interfacial properties of the polymer for effective biomolecule coupling, thus bridging organic electronics and bioelectrochemistry. Moreover, the soft-material characteristics of CPs enable their use for the development of flexible and wearable sensing platforms which are inexpensive and light-weight, compared to conventional rigid materials, such as carbons, metals and semiconductors. This thesis focuses on the exploration of CPs for electrochemical sensing and biosensing with improved sensitivity, selectivity and stability by tailoring CP interfaces at different levels, including the CP-based transduction interface, CP-based bio-interface and CP-based device interface. First, we demonstrate different strategies for tailoring the physicochemical properties of poly (3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) beyond its intrinsic properties, via charge effects, structural effects and by the use of hybrid materials, as a CP-based transduction interface to improve sensing performance of various analytes. 1) A positively-charged PEDOT interface, and a negatively-charged carboxylic-acid-functionalised PEDOT (PEDOT:COOH) interface were developed to modulate the electrode kinetics for oppositely-charged analytes, e.g. negatively-charged nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) and positively-charged dopamine (DA), respectively. These interfaces displayed high sensitivity and wide linear range towards the analytes due to the electrostatic attraction effect. 2) Various structured PEDOT including porous microspheres and nanofibres were synthesised via hard-template and soft-template methods, respectively, and were employed as building blocks for a hierarchical PEDOT and 3D nanofibrous PEDOT transduction interface, that facilitated signal transduction for NADH. 3) A PEDOT hybrid material interface was developed via using a novel bi-functional graphene oxide derivative with high reduction degree and negatively-charged sulphonate terminal functionality (S-RGO) as dopant to create PEDOT:S-RGO which delivered an enhanced electrochemical performance for various analytes. Based on the established CP-based transduction interface, biomolecules (e.g. enzymes) could be coupled to the CP surface to create CP-based bio-interfaces for biosensing. The immobilisation of enzyme was realised via either covalent bonding to a PEDOT derivative bearing a -COOH group (PEDOT-COOH) through EDC/NHS chemistry, or by physical absorption into the 3D porous PEDOT structure. The CP-based bio-interfaces were used to demonstrate the stable immobilisation of two different types of enzymes, i.e. lactate dehydrogenase and lactate oxidase, achieving the biosensing of analytes by relay bioelectrochemical signal transduction. Together, CP was employed as the CP-based device interface for the fabrication of a flexible and wearable biosensing device. A 3D honeycomb-structured graphene network was generated in-situ on a flexible polyimide surface by mask-free patterning using laser irradiation. The substrate was then reinforced with PEDOT as a polymeric binder to stabilise the 3D porous network by adhesion and binding, thus minimising the delamination of the biosensing interface under deformation and enhancing the mechanical behaviours for use in flexible and wearable devices. The subsequent nanoscale-coating of Prussian blue and immobilisation of enzyme into the 3D porous network provided a flexible platform for wearable electrochemical biosensors to detect lactate in sweat. Rutinmässig övervakning av hälsorelaterade fysiologiska och biokemiska parametrar har blivit allt viktigare för ett stort antal människor bland annat seniorer, spädbarn, patienter med kroniska sjukdomar, idrottare, soldater och med flera, på både en fysisk nivå för förebyggande av sjukdomar samt på en medicinsk nivå för diagnos och behandling av sjukdomar. Stor uppmärksamhet har lagts på utveckling av elektrokemiska sensorer och biosensorer som point-of-care (PoC) diagnostiska enheter for rutinmässig sjukvårdsledning genom deras snabba svar, låga kostnad, höga specificitet och enkla drift. Deras analytiska funktioner drivs av avkänningsgranssnittet vilket involverar signaltransduktion vid transducer-gränssnittet och effektiv koppling av biomolekyler till transducer-biogränssnittet för specifik analytigenkänning. Upptäckten av konventionella funktionella och strukturerade material, t.ex. metalliska nanopartiklar, kolnanorör och grafen, har underlättat konstruktionen av transducergränssnitt med hög prestanda på grund av deras unika fysiokemiska egenskaper. Ytterligare forskning av avancerade material ar önskvärt for att uppnå ett väldesignat och skräddarsytt gränsnitt for elektrokemisk avkänning och biosensering for Internet of Things och klädd sensorer. Ledande polymerer (LP) ar en typ av nya funktionella polymerer med extraordinär redoxomvändbarhet, elektronisk/jonisk ledningsförmåga och mekaniska egenskaper, som uppvisar betydande potential som ett givarmaterial vid avkänning och biosensering. Medan de inneboende elektrokatalytiska egenskaperna i LP:er är begränsade, speciellt for den skrymmande polymeren, kan skräddarsydda LP:er med kontrollerad struktur och effektiva dopmedel förbättra den elektrokemiska prestandan hos ett givargränssnitt med större ytarea och förbättrade elektrokatalytiska egenskaper. Dessutom ger den syntetiska kemin LP:er

Nanoelectronic Mixed Signal System Design

Nanoelectronic Mixed Signal System Design Book
Author : Saraju Mohanty
Publisher : McGraw Hill Professional
Release : 2015-02-20
ISBN : 0071823034
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Covering both the classical and emerging nanoelectronic technologies being used in mixed-signal design, this book addresses digital, analog, and memory components. Winner of the Association of American Publishers' 2016 PROSE Award in the Textbook/Physical Sciences & Mathematics category. Nanoelectronic Mixed-Signal System Design offers professionals and students a unified perspective on the science, engineering, and technology behind nanoelectronics system design. Written by the director of the NanoSystem Design Laboratory at the University of North Texas, this comprehensive guide provides a large-scale picture of the design and manufacturing aspects of nanoelectronic-based systems. It features dual coverage of mixed-signal circuit and system design, rather than just digital or analog-only. Key topics such as process variations, power dissipation, and security aspects of electronic system design are discussed. Top-down analysis of all stages--from design to manufacturing Coverage of current and developing nanoelectronic technologies--not just nano-CMOS Describes the basics of nanoelectronic technology and the structure of popular electronic systems Reveals the techniques required for design excellence and manufacturability

Advanced Nanoelectronics

Advanced Nanoelectronics Book
Author : Muhammad Mustafa Hussain
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-10-01
ISBN : 3527811850
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Brings novel insights to a vibrant research area with high application potential?covering materials, physics, architecture, and integration aspects of future generation CMOS electronics technology Over the last four decades we have seen tremendous growth in semiconductor electronics. This growth has been fueled by the matured complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) technology. This comprehensive book captures the novel device options in CMOS technology that can be realized using non-silicon semiconductors. It discusses germanium, III-V materials, carbon nanotubes and graphene as semiconducting materials for three-dimensional field-effect transistors. It also covers non-conventional materials such as nanowires and nanotubes. Additionally, nanoelectromechanical switches-based mechanical relays and wide bandgap semiconductor-based terahertz electronics are reviewed as essential add-on electronics for enhanced communication and computational capabilities. Advanced Nanoelectronics: Post-Silicon Materials and Devices begins with a discussion of the future of CMOS. It continues with comprehensive chapter coverage of: nanowire field effect transistors; two-dimensional materials for electronic applications; the challenges and breakthroughs of the integration of germanium into modern CMOS; carbon nanotube logic technology; tunnel field effect transistors; energy efficient computing with negative capacitance; spin-based devices for logic, memory and non-Boolean architectures; and terahertz properties and applications of GaN. -Puts forward novel approaches for future, state-of-the-art, nanoelectronic devices -Discusses emerging materials and architectures such as alternate channel material like germanium, gallium nitride, 1D nanowires/tubes, 2D graphene, and other dichalcogenide materials and ferroelectrics -Examines new physics such as spintronics, negative capacitance, quantum computing, and 3D-IC technology -Brings together the latest developments in the field for easy reference -Enables academic and R&D researchers in semiconductors to "think outside the box" and explore beyond silica An important resource for future generation CMOS electronics technology, Advanced Nanoelectronics: Post-Silicon Materials and Devices will appeal to materials scientists, semiconductor physicists, semiconductor industry, and electrical engineers.

Carbon Nanotubes as Platforms for Biosensors with Electrochemical and Electronic Transduction

Carbon Nanotubes as Platforms for Biosensors with Electrochemical and Electronic Transduction Book
Author : Mercè Pacios Pujadó
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-07-28
ISBN : 364231421X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The thesis by Mercè Pacios exploits properties of carbon nanotubes to design novel nanodevices. The prominent electrochemical properties of carbon nanotubes are used to design diverse electrode configurations. In combination with the chemical properties and (bio)functionalization versatility, these materials prove to be very appropriate for the development of electrochemical biosensors. Furthermore, this work also evaluates the semiconductor character of carbon nanotubes (CNT) for sensor technology by using a field effect transistor configuration (FET). The CNT-FET device has been optimized for operating in liquid environments. These electrochemical and electronic CNT devices are highly promising for biomolecule sensing and for the monitoring of biological processes, which can in the future lead to applications for rapid and simple diagnostics in fields such as biotechnology, clinical and environmental research.

Bionanoelectronics

Bionanoelectronics Book
Author : Daniela Dragoman,Mircea Dragoman
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-03-22
ISBN : 3642255728
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the achievements in bionanoelectronics in a coherent manner. It deals with nanodevices applied to biostructures, molecular motors, molecular pumps, molecular nanoactuators and electronic biodevices, including nanodevices for sensing and imaging biomolcules. The book describes bionanoelectronics, detection of biomolecules and targets various biological applications such as detection and sequencing of DNA and early detection of various deseases and nanomedicine. Further important topics of the book are biomimetics and bioinspired electronics.The book also deals with biomolecules as building blocks of nanodevices for nanoelectronics or future computing architecture The application of scanning probe techniques to biological samples is described.

Preparation Characterization and Chemical Modification of Graphene Based Polypropylene Nanocomposites

Preparation  Characterization and Chemical Modification of Graphene Based Polypropylene Nanocomposites Book
Author : Nur Hidayah Md Said
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The development of MWCNT integrated BGFET for protein biosensor has been divided into five different stages. For the first step, the BGFET device was fabricated from SOI substrate using conventional photolithography, reactive ion etching (RIE) and electrode deposition process. The fabricated BGFET will function as a sensor for biomolecules interaction. Second stage discussed on the functionalization and characterization of MWCNT. MWCNT has been functionalized first before integration. Surface characterization has been conducted to verify the presence of desired functional groups. The functionalized MWCNT will be further used as biomolecules immobilization site.

Fundamentals and Sensing Applications of 2D Materials

Fundamentals and Sensing Applications of 2D Materials Book
Author : Chandra Sekhar Rout,Dattatray Late,Hywel Morgan
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2019-06-15
ISBN : 0081025785
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fundamentals and Sensing Applications of 2D Materials provides a comprehensive understanding of a wide range of 2D materials. Examples of fundamental topics include: defect and vacancy engineering, doping and advantages of 2D materials for sensing, 2D materials and composites for sensing, and 2D materials in biosystems. A wide range of applications are addressed, such as gas sensors based on 2D materials, electrochemical glucose sensors, biosensors (enzymatic and non-enzymatic), and printed, stretchable, wearable and flexible biosensors. Due to their sub-nanometer thickness, 2D materials have a high packing density, thus making them suitable for the fabrication of thin film based sensor devices. Benefiting from their unique physical and chemical properties (e.g. strong mechanical strength, high surface area, unparalleled thermal conductivity, remarkable biocompatibility and ease of functionalization), 2D layered nanomaterials have shown great potential in designing high performance sensor devices. Provides a comprehensive overview of 2D materials systems that are relevant to sensing, including transition metal dichalcogenides, metal oxides, graphene and other 2D materials system Includes information on potential applications, such as flexible sensors, biosensors, optical sensors, electrochemical sensors, and more Discusses graphene in terms of the lessons learned from this material for sensing applications and how these lessons can be applied to other 2D materials