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Goal Directed Decision Making

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Goal Directed Decision Making

Goal Directed Decision Making Book
Author : Richard W. Morris,Aaron Bornstein,Amitai Shenhav
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-08-23
ISBN : 0128120991
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Goal-Directed Decision Making: Computations and Neural Circuits examines the role of goal-directed choice. It begins with an examination of the computations performed by associated circuits, but then moves on to in-depth examinations on how goal-directed learning interacts with other forms of choice and response selection. This is the only book that embraces the multidisciplinary nature of this area of decision-making, integrating our knowledge of goal-directed decision-making from basic, computational, clinical, and ethology research into a single resource that is invaluable for neuroscientists, psychologists and computer scientists alike. The book presents discussions on the broader field of decision-making and how it has expanded to incorporate ideas related to flexible behaviors, such as cognitive control, economic choice, and Bayesian inference, as well as the influences that motivation, context and cues have on behavior and decision-making. Details the neural circuits functionally involved in goal-directed decision-making and the computations these circuits perform Discusses changes in goal-directed decision-making spurred by development and disorders, and within real-world applications, including social contexts and addiction Synthesizes neuroscience, psychology and computer science research to offer a unique perspective on the central and emerging issues in goal-directed decision-making

Cognitive Control in Goal directed Decision Making

Cognitive Control in Goal directed Decision Making Book
Author : Eefje Wilhelmina Maria Rondeel
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2013
ISBN : 9789053357088
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Cognitive Control in Goal directed Decision Making book written by Eefje Wilhelmina Maria Rondeel, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Principles of Goal directed Decision Making

The Principles of Goal directed Decision Making Book
Author : Giovanni Pezzulo,Paul F. M. J. Verschure,Christian Balkenius,Cyriel M. A. Pennartz
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 9781782520986
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Principles of Goal directed Decision Making book written by Giovanni Pezzulo,Paul F. M. J. Verschure,Christian Balkenius,Cyriel M. A. Pennartz, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Music and Video Gaming During Breaks

Music and Video Gaming During Breaks Book
Author : Shuyan Liu,Daniel Johannes Schad,Maxim S. Kuschpel,Michael Armin Rapp,Andreas Heinz
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Music and Video Gaming During Breaks book written by Shuyan Liu,Daniel Johannes Schad,Maxim S. Kuschpel,Michael Armin Rapp,Andreas Heinz, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

How We Think

How We Think Book
Author : Alan H. Schoenfeld
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2010-10-18
ISBN : 1136909788
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Teachers try to help their students learn. But why do they make the particular teaching choices they do? What resources do they draw upon? What accounts for the success or failure of their efforts? In How We Think, esteemed scholar and mathematician, Alan H. Schoenfeld, proposes a groundbreaking theory and model for how we think and act in the classroom and beyond. Based on thirty years of research on problem solving and teaching, Schoenfeld provides compelling evidence for a concrete approach that describes how teachers, and individuals more generally, navigate their way through in-the-moment decision-making in well-practiced domains. Applying his theoretical model to detailed representations and analyses of teachers at work as well as of professionals outside education, Schoenfeld argues that understanding and recognizing the goal-oriented patterns of our day to day decisions can help identify what makes effective or ineffective behavior in the classroom and beyond.

The Routines of Decision Making

The Routines of Decision Making Book
Author : Tilmann Betsch,Susanne Haberstroh
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2014-04-04
ISBN : 1135622957
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Experience is currently a hot theme in decision making. For a long time, decision research was almost exclusively focused on new decisions and neglected the importance of experience. It took the field until the 1990s for a new direction in research and theorizing to become visible in the literature. There are parallel movements happening in sociology, political science, social psychology, and business. The purpose of this edited book is to provide a balanced and representative overview of what is currently known about the dynamics of experienced-based decision making. The chapters are written by renowned experts in the field and provide the latest theoretical developments, integrative frameworks, and state-of-the-art reviews of research in the laboratory and in the field.

Reward and aversion related processing in the brain translational evidence for separate and shared circuits

Reward  and aversion related processing in the brain  translational evidence for separate and shared circuits Book
Author : Dave J. Hayes,Georg Northoff,Andrew J. Greenshaw
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2016-05-18
ISBN : 2889198367
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Affective brain circuits underpin our moods and emotions. Appetitive and aversive stimuli from our exteroceptive and interoceptive worlds play a key role in the activity of these circuits, but we still do not know precisely how to characterize these so-called reward-related and aversion-related systems. Moreover, we do we yet understand how they interact anatomically or functionally. The aim of the current project was to gather some translational evidence to help clarify the role of such circuits. A multi-dimensional problem in its own right, the book contains 14 works from authors exploring these questions at many levels, from the cellular to the cognitive-behavioural, and from both experimental and conceptual viewpoints. The editorial which introduces the book provides brief summaries of each perspective (Hayes, Northoff, Greenshaw, 2015). While questions of how to accurately define affect- and emotion-related concepts at the psychological level are far from answered, here we have attempted to provide some insight into the brain-based underpinnings of such processes. The near future will undoubtedly involve making new inroads and will require the joint efforts of behavioural, brain-based, and philosophical perspectives to do so.

Practicing Medicine and Ethics

Practicing Medicine and Ethics Book
Author : Lauris Christopher Kaldjian
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2014-05-26
ISBN : 1107012163
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explores medicine, ethics, and the challenge of moral diversity in health care. It explores how a health professional's moral beliefs and values influence the care he or she provides. It focuses on the need for a physician's wisdom, goals to guide patient care, and respect for conscience and integrity. The book culminates in a framework for practical wisdom in medicine that reflects the importance of integration (of an individual's beliefs, values, reasoning, actions, and identity), moral dialogue, humility, and professionals' obligations to patients, themselves, and society.

Neuroeconomics

Neuroeconomics Book
Author : Paul W. Glimcher,Ernst Fehr,Colin Camerer,Russell Alan Poldrack
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2008-10-10
ISBN : 9780080921068
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neuroeconomics is a new highly promising approach to understanding the neurobiology of decision making and how it affects cognitive social interactions between humans and societies/economies. This book is the first edited reference to examine the science behind neuroeconomics, including how it influences human behavior and societal decision making from a behavioral economics point of view. Presenting a truly interdisciplinary approach, Neuroeconomics presents research from neuroscience, psychology, and behavioral economics, and includes chapters by all the major figures in the field, including two Economics Nobel laureates. * An authoritative reference written and edited by acknowledged experts and founders of the field * Presents an interdisciplinary view of the approaches, concepts, and results of the emerging field of neuroeconomics relevant for anyone interested in this area of research * Full-color presentation throughout with carefully selected illustrations to highlight key concepts

Goal directed Conceptual Aggregation

Goal directed Conceptual Aggregation Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1989
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Goal directed Conceptual Aggregation book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Goal directed Conceptual Aggregation

Goal directed Conceptual Aggregation Book
Author : Alok R.. Chaturvedi
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1989
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Goal directed Conceptual Aggregation book written by Alok R.. Chaturvedi, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Data Driven Decision Making

Data Driven Decision Making Book
Author : Dr. Avinash S. Jagtap
Publisher : Lulu.com
Release : 2022-01-22
ISBN : 0359354629
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Data Driven Decision Making book written by Dr. Avinash S. Jagtap, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Assessment Treatment of Addictions

Assessment   Treatment of Addictions Book
Author : Antoni Gual,Pablo Barrio,Laia Miquel
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2021-01-19
ISBN : 3039438859
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Addiction in its various forms represents an enormous challenge to society. Worldwide, it has been estimated that alcohol, tobacco and illicit drugs were responsible of more than 10 million deaths (Anderson et al, 2018), with a higher impact in developed countries where substance use disorders have been identified as responsible for life expectancy reversals (Rehm et al, 2016). Societal and medical responses to the problem are far from optimal, but the appearance of new technologies offers room for improvement, and lots of new initiatives have been launched and developed. In this Special Issue, we will describe and discuss how these new tools are helping to improve the assessment and treatment of substance use disorders. We will cover a wide variety of novelties that are being applied to addiction; e-health, APPs, digital phenotyping, ecological momentary assessment and interventions, wearable technology, computer-assisted tests, transcraneal magnetic stimulation, and virtual reality are just some examples of developments in a field that promises to create a real revolution in the assessment and treatment of addictions.

Neuromodulation of Executive Circuits

Neuromodulation of Executive Circuits Book
Author : M. Victoria Puig,Allan T. Gulledge,Evelyn K. Lambe,Guillermo Gonzalez-Burgos
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2016-01-21
ISBN : 2889197077
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

High-order executive tasks involve the interplay between frontal cortex and other cortical and subcortical brain regions. In particular, the frontal cortex, striatum and thalamus interact via parallel fronto-striatal "loops" that are crucial for the executive control of behavior. In all of these brain regions, neuromodulatory inputs (e.g. serotonergic, dopaminergic, cholinergic, adrenergic, and peptidergic afferents) regulate neuronal activity and synaptic transmission to optimize circuit performance for specific cognitive demands. Indeed, dysregulation of neuromodulatory input to fronto-striatal circuits is implicated in a number of neuropsychiatric disorders, such as schizophrenia, depression, and Parkinson's disease. However, despite decades of intense investigation, how neuromodulators influence the activity of fronto-striatal circuits to generate the precise activity patterns required for sophisticated cognitive tasks remains unknown. In part, this reflects the complexity of the cellular microcircuits in these brain regions (i.e. heterogeneity of neuron subtypes and connectivity), cell-type specific expression patterns for the numerous receptor subtypes mediating neuromodulatory signals, and the potential interaction of multiple signaling cascades in individual neurons. This Research Topic includes 10 original research articles and seven review articles addressing the role of neuromodulation in executive function at multiple levels of analysis, ranging from the activity of single voltage-dependent ion channels to computational models of network interactions in cortex-striatum-thalamus systems.

Neuroeconomics

Neuroeconomics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Frontiers E-books
Release : 2022-01-22
ISBN : 2889190277
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Neuroeconomics book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Anticipation and the control of voluntary action

Anticipation and the control of voluntary action Book
Author : Dorit Wenke,Rico Fischer
Publisher : Frontiers E-books
Release : 2022-01-22
ISBN : 2889191575
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A major hallmark in the adaptive control of voluntary action is the ability to anticipate short and long term future events. Anticipation in its various forms is an important prerequisite for (higher order) cognitive abilities such as planning, reasoning and the pursuit of both immediate goals and long-term goals that may even stand in opposition to immediate desires and needs (e.g., to invest in pension funds). Therefore, it is not surprising that diverse and rather independent research lines have evolved, all somehow targeting various anticipatory capacities that are involved in the control of voluntary action and thus, contribute to the uniqueness of human goal-directed behavior. For example, prediction of the incentive value of action outcomes drives goal-directed instrumental behavior (e.g., Dickinson & Balleine, 2000; Rushworth & Behrens, 2008). Similarly, the Ideo-Motor Principle assumes that actions are selected and activated by the mere anticipation of the sensory experience they produce (e.g., James, 1890; Prinz, 1990). Furthermore, the degree of match between intended, anticipated and actual action effects has been proposed to be a major determinant of motor programming and online action corrections (Jeannerod, 1981), motor learning (e.g., Wolpert, Diedrichsen, & Flanagan, 2011), and the subjective sense of causing and controlling an action and its effects (Sense of Agency; e.g., Abell, Happé, & Frith, 2000). The role of anticipation in the control of voluntary action, however, goes far beyond the anticipation of immediate action effects and desired goals. For instance, pre-cues and alerting signals are used for advance preparation of what to do (e.g., Meiran, 1996), when to act or expect an event onset (e.g., Callejas, Lupianez, & Tudela, 2004; Los & van der Heuvel, 2001; Nobre & Coull, 2010) and to anticipate conflict (e.g., Correa, Rao, & Nobre, 2009). Voluntary action is influenced by the anticipation and prediction of mental effort in task processing (e.g., Song & Schwarz, 2008). In addition, the anticipation of long-term future social consequences (e.g., expected aloneness) has been shown to affect cognitive mechanisms involved in logic and reasoning (e.g., Baumeister, Twenge, & Nuss, 2002). Last but not least, learning of statistical contingencies (e.g., conflict frequency) leads to the anticipation and prediction of context-specific executive control requirements (e.g., Crump, Gong, & Milliken, 2006, Dreisbach & Haider, 2006). The aim of the present Research Topic is to provide a platform that offers the possibility of cross-fertilization and enhanced visibility among to date rather segregated research lines.

Neuroscience of Decision Making

Neuroscience of Decision Making Book
Author : Oshin Vartanian,David R. Mandel
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2011-04-14
ISBN : 113685987X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The intersection between the fields of behavioral decision research and neuroscience has proved to be fertile ground for interdisciplinary research. Whereas the former is rich in formalized models of choice, the latter is rife with techniques for testing behavioral models at the brain level. As a result, there has been the rapid emergence of progressively more sophisticated biological models of choice, geared toward the development of ever more complete mechanistic models of behavior. This volume provides a coherent framework for distilling some of the key themes that have emerged as a function of this research program, and highlights what we have learned about judgment and decision making as a result. Although topics that are theoretically relevant to judgment and decision making researchers are addressed, the book also ventures somewhat beyond the traditional boundaries of this area to tackle themes that would of interest to a greater community of scholars. Neuroscience of Decision Making provides contemporary and essential reading for researchers and students of cognitive psychology, neuroscience, philosophy, and economics.

The New Mind Readers

The New Mind Readers Book
Author : Russell A. Poldrack
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 2018-10-16
ISBN : 0691184127
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A revealing insider’s account of the power—and limitations—of functional MRI The ability to read minds has long been a fascination of science fiction, but revolutionary new brain-imaging methods are bringing it closer to scientific reality. The New Mind Readers provides a compelling look at the origins, development, and future of these extraordinary tools, revealing how they are increasingly being used to decode our thoughts and experiences—and how this raises sometimes troubling questions about their application in domains such as marketing, politics, and the law. Russell Poldrack takes readers on a journey of scientific discovery, telling the stories of the visionaries behind these breakthroughs. Along the way, he gives an insider’s perspective on what is perhaps the single most important technology in cognitive neuroscience today—functional magnetic resonance imaging, or fMRI, which is providing astonishing new insights into the contents and workings of the mind. He highlights both the amazing power and major limitations of these techniques and describes how applications outside the lab often exceed the bounds of responsible science. Poldrack also details the unique and sometimes disorienting experience of having his own brain scanned more than a hundred times as part of a landmark study of how human brain function changes over time. Written by one of the world’s leading pioneers in the field, The New Mind Readers cuts through the hype and misperceptions surrounding these emerging new methods, offering needed perspective on what they can and cannot do—and demonstrating how they can provide new answers to age-old questions about the nature of consciousness and what it means to be human.

Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Principles of Frontal Lobe Function Book
Author : Donald T. Stuss,Robert T. Knight
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2013-01-31
ISBN : 0199837759
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Principles of Frontal Lobe Function, Second Edition is an expanded volume, divided into 9 sections representing major research and clinical disciples, including new topics such as social neuroscience. This book will provide clinicians, researchers, and students with the most current information as the mystery of the frontal lobes is unraveled.

Goal Directed Behavior

Goal Directed Behavior Book
Author : Michael Frese,John Sabini
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2021-12-30
ISBN : 1000363880
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Originally published in 1985, this book was an attempt at a comprehensive review of the psychology of action in various areas of psychology. It is also an attempt to bridge two languages and traditions in psychology: German and Anglo-American. Although Anglo-American psychology had had an enormous influence on German psychology, the influence had not gone the other way around – at least not in recent years. Therefore, this book attempts to get the two traditions to speak with each other. The main article, from one language area, and the following discussion, from the other language area, together result in an extensive treatment of an action-theoretic approach in the respective psychological area; thus, both the main article and "discussion" should be read together.