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GNSS Seismogeodesy

GNSS Seismogeodesy Book
Author : Jianghui Geng
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-05-27
ISBN : 0128164875
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

GNSS Seismogeodesy: Theory and Applications combines GNSS and seismology theory and applications to offer both disciplines the background information needed to combine forces. It explores the opportunities for integrating GNSS and seismometers, as well as applications for earthquake and tsunami early warning applications. The book allows seismologists to better understand how GNSS positions are computed and how they can be combined with seismic data and allows geodesists to better understand how to apply GNSS to monitoring of crustal motion. This book is a valuable reference for researchers and students studying the interdisciplinary connection between GNSS geodesy and strong-motion seismology. It will also be ideal for anyone working on new approaches for monitoring and predicting geologic hazards. Bridges the gap for geodesists and seismologists to better understand how their fields can be complementary Offers an interdisciplinary approach to GNSS geodesy and strong-motion seismology, showing how high-precision GNSS positions can be combined with seismic data Covers the applications of seismogeodesy to earthquake early warning (EEW) and tsunami early warning (TEW) Includes algorithms and source code examples, along with links to open-source software and datasets

GNSS Seismogeodesy

GNSS Seismogeodesy Book
Author : Jianghui Geng
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-05-18
ISBN : 0128164867
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Front Cover -- GNSS Seismogeodesy -- Copyright -- Contents -- Preface -- Acknowledgment -- 1 Introduction -- 1.1 Precise GNSS positioning -- 1.2 Precise point positioning (PPP) -- 1.2.1 Positioning solution at a single receiver -- 1.2.2 High-precision GNSS satellite products -- 1.2.3 PPP ambiguity resolution and PPP-RTK -- 1.2.4 Multi-constellation and multi-frequency GNSS -- 1.2.5 Advantages of PPP -- 1.3 High-rate GNSS -- 1.4 GNSS/Seismometer integration -- 1.5 The objective of this book -- 2 PPP ambiguity resolution -- 2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 Fundamentals of PPP -- 2.3 Ambiguity resolution at a single station -- 2.3.1 The UPD model -- Network solution -- UPD-based PPP-AR -- 2.3.2 The integer clock model -- Network solution -- Integer clock-based PPP-AR -- 2.3.3 A hybrid phase clock/bias model -- Stabilizing UPDs by double-difference ambiguity resolution -- Stabilizing UPDs by undifferenced ambiguity resolution -- Integer clocks or phase clocks? -- 2.3.4 Observable-specific code and phase biases -- 2.3.5 Undifferenced or double-difference ambiguity resolution -- Representative ambiguity resolution strategies in network solutions -- Positioning precisions -- Quality control on double-difference ambiguity resolution -- 2.4 All-frequency PPP-AR -- 2.4.1 Uncombined PPP -- 2.4.2 IFCB determination -- 2.4.3 Phase OSB determination -- 2.4.4 All-frequency PPP-AR using both code and phase OSBs -- 2.4.5 Remarks on the satellite clocks for all-frequency PPP-AR -- 2.5 Inter-frequency phase biases -- 2.5.1 Differential code-phase bias -- 2.5.2 GLONASS PPP-AR -- Wide-lane and ionosphere-free ambiguities -- Introducing external ionosphere constraints -- Differential code-phase bias mitigation -- 2.5.3 Inter-GNSS PPP-AR -- 2.6 Combination of phase clock/bias products -- 2.6.1 Combining satellite clock products -- Modeling errors -- Alignment of clock datum.

Beyond 100 The Next Century in Geodesy

Beyond 100  The Next Century in Geodesy Book
Author : Jeffrey T. Freymueller,Laura Sánchez
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-11-25
ISBN : 3031098579
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This open access book contains 30 peer-reviewed papers based on presentations at the 27th General Assembly of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (IUGG). The meeting was held from July 8 to 18, 2019 in Montreal, Canada, with the theme being the celebration of the centennial of the establishment of the IUGG. The centennial was also a good opportunity to look forward to the next century, as reflected in the title of this volume. The papers in this volume represent a cross-section of present activity in geodesy, and highlight the future directions in the field as we begin the second century of the IUGG. During the meeting, the International Association of Geodesy (IAG) organized one Union Symposium, 6 IAG Symposia, 7 Joint Symposia with other associations, and 20 business meetings. In addition, IAG co-sponsored 8 Union Symposia and 15 Joint Symposia. In total, 3952 participants registered, 437 of them with IAG priority. In total, there were 234 symposia and 18 Workshops with 4580 presentations, of which 469 were in IAG-associated symposia.

Position Navigation and Timing Technologies in the 21st Century Volumes 1 and 2

Position  Navigation  and Timing Technologies in the 21st Century  Volumes 1 and 2 Book
Author : Y. Jade Morton,Frank van Diggelen,James J. Spilker, Jr.,Bradford W. Parkinson,Sherman Lo,Grace Gao
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-12-17
ISBN : 1119458420
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Covers the latest developments in PNT technologies, including integrated satellite navigation, sensor systems, and civil applications Featuring sixty-four chapters that are divided into six parts, this two-volume work provides comprehensive coverage of the state-of-the-art in satellite-based position, navigation, and timing (PNT) technologies and civilian applications. It also examines alternative navigation technologies based on other signals-of-opportunity and sensors and offers a comprehensive treatment on integrated PNT systems for consumer and commercial applications. Volume 1 of Position, Navigation, and Timing Technologies in the 21st Century: Integrated Satellite Navigation, Sensor Systems, and Civil Applications contains three parts and focuses on the satellite navigation systems, technologies, and engineering and scientific applications. It starts with a historical perspective of GPS development and other related PNT development. Current global and regional navigation satellite systems (GNSS and RNSS), their inter-operability, signal quality monitoring, satellite orbit and time synchronization, and ground- and satellite-based augmentation systems are examined. Recent progresses in satellite navigation receiver technologies and challenges for operations in multipath-rich urban environment, in handling spoofing and interference, and in ensuring PNT integrity are addressed. A section on satellite navigation for engineering and scientific applications finishes off the volume. Volume 2 of Position, Navigation, and Timing Technologies in the 21st Century: Integrated Satellite Navigation, Sensor Systems, and Civil Applications consists of three parts and addresses PNT using alternative signals and sensors and integrated PNT technologies for consumer and commercial applications. It looks at PNT using various radio signals-of-opportunity, atomic clock, optical, laser, magnetic field, celestial, MEMS and inertial sensors, as well as the concept of navigation from Low-Earth Orbiting (LEO) satellites. GNSS-INS integration, neuroscience of navigation, and animal navigation are also covered. The volume finishes off with a collection of work on contemporary PNT applications such as survey and mobile mapping, precision agriculture, wearable systems, automated driving, train control, commercial unmanned aircraft systems, aviation, and navigation in the unique Arctic environment. In addition, this text: Serves as a complete reference and handbook for professionals and students interested in the broad range of PNT subjects Includes chapters that focus on the latest developments in GNSS and other navigation sensors, techniques, and applications Illustrates interconnecting relationships between various types of technologies in order to assure more protected, tough, and accurate PNT Position, Navigation, and Timing Technologies in the 21st Century: Integrated Satellite Navigation, Sensor Systems, and Civil Applications will appeal to all industry professionals, researchers, and academics involved with the science, engineering, and applications of position, navigation, and timing technologies. pnt21book.com

The Seismic Cycle

The Seismic Cycle Book
Author : Frederique Rolandone
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2022-09-16
ISBN : 1394173695
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The study of the seismic cycle has many applications, from the study of faulting to the estimation of seismic hazards. It must be considered at different timescales, from that of an earthquake, the co-seismic phase (a few seconds), the post seismic phase (from months to dozens of years) and the inter-seismic phase (from dozens to hundreds of years), up to cumulative deformations due to several seismic cycles (from a few thousand to hundreds of thousands of years). The Seismic Cycle uses many different tools to approach its subject matter, from short-term geodesic, such as GPS and InSAR, and seismological observations to long-term tectonic, geomorphological, morphotectonic observations, including those related to paleoseismology. Various modeling tools such as analog experiences, experimental approaches and mechanical modeling are also examined. Different tectonic contexts are considered when engaging with the seismic cycle, from continental strike-slip faults to subduction zones such as the Chilean, Mexican and Ecuadorian zones. The interactions between the seismic cycle and magmatism in rifts and interactions with erosion in mountain chains are also discussed.

Remote Sensing in Applied Geophysics

Remote Sensing in Applied Geophysics Book
Author : Chiara Colombero,Cesare Comina,Alberto Godio
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-12-07
ISBN : 303943733X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Special Issue is focused on recent and upcoming advances in the combined application of remote sensing and applied geophysics. Applied geophysics analyzes the distribution of physical properties in the subsurface for a wide range of geological, engineering, and environmental applications at different scales. Seismic, electrical, magnetic, and electromagnetic methods are among the most applied and well-established geophysical techniques. These methods share the advantages of being non-invasive and exploring wide areas of investigation with respect to conventional methods (e.g., drilling). Geophysical surveys are usually carried out deploying or moving the appropriate instrumentation directly on the ground surface. However, recent technological advances have resulting in the development of innovative acquisition systems becoming more typical of the remote sensing community (e.g., airborne surveys). While applied geophysics mainly focuses on the subsurface, typical remote sensing techniques have the ability to accurately image the Earth’s surface with high-resolution investigations carried out by means of terrestrial, airborne, or satellite-based platforms. The integration of surface and subsurface information is often crucial for several purposes, including the processing of geophysical data, the characterization and time-lapse monitoring of surface and near-surface targets, and the reconstruction of highly detailed and comprehensive 3D models of the investigated areas. Recent contributions showing the added value of surface reconstruction and/or monitoring in the processing, interpretation, and cross-comparison of geophysical techniques for archaeological, environmental, and engineering studies are collected in this book. Pioneering geophysical acquisitions by means of innovative remote systems are also presented.

China Satellite Navigation Conference CSNC 2017 Proceedings Volume II

China Satellite Navigation Conference  CSNC  2017 Proceedings  Volume II Book
Author : Jiadong Sun,Jingnan Liu,Yuanxi Yang,Shiwei Fan,Wenxian Yu
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-05-02
ISBN : 9811045917
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

These proceedings present selected research papers from CSNC2017, held during 23th-25th May in Shanghai, China. The theme of CSNC2017 is Positioning, Connecting All. These papers discuss the technologies and applications of the Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS), and the latest progress made in the China BeiDou System (BDS) especially. They are divided into 12 topics to match the corresponding sessions in CSNC2017, which broadly covered key topics in GNSS. Readers can learn about the BDS and keep abreast of the latest advances in GNSS techniques and applications.

International Symposium on Geodesy for Earthquake and Natural Hazards GENAH

International Symposium on Geodesy for Earthquake and Natural Hazards  GENAH  Book
Author : Manabu Hashimoto
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-12-09
ISBN : 3319397680
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

These proceedings contain a selection of peer-reviewed papers presented at the International Symposium on Geodesy for Earthquake and Natural Hazards (GENAH), Matsushima, Japan, 22-26 July, 2014. The scientific sessions focused on monitoring temporal and spatial changes in Earth's lithosphere and atmosphere using geodetic satellite systems, high rate GNSS as well as high resolution imaging (InSAR, Lidar). Researchers in various fields of geodesy discussed the role of geodesy in disaster mitigation and how groups with different techniques can collaborate toward such a goal.

China Satellite Navigation Conference CSNC 2014 Proceedings Volume II

China Satellite Navigation Conference  CSNC  2014 Proceedings  Volume II Book
Author : Jiadong Sun,Wenhai Jiao,Haitao Wu,Mingquan Lu
Publisher : Springer Science & Business
Release : 2014-04-25
ISBN : 3642547435
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

China Satellite Navigation Conference (CSNC) 2014 Proceedings presents selected research papers from CSNC2014, held on 21-23 May in Nanjing, China. The theme of CSNC2014 is 'BDS Application: Innovation, Integration and Sharing'. These papers discuss the technologies and applications of the Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) and the latest progress made in the China BeiDou System (BDS) especially. They are divided into 9 topics to match the corresponding sessions in CSNC2014, which broadly covered key topics in GNSS. Readers can learn about the BDS and keep abreast of the latest advances in GNSS techniques and applications. SUN Jiadong is the Chief Designer of the Compass/ BDS and the Academician of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS); JIAO Wenhai is a researcher at China Satellite Navigation Office; WU Haitao is a professor at Navigation Headquarters, CAS; LU Mingquan is a professor at Department of Electronic Engineering of Tsinghua University.

Earth Observations for Geohazards

Earth Observations for Geohazards Book
Author : Zhenhong Li,Roberto Tomás
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2018-07-05
ISBN : 3038424005
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Earth Observations for Geohazards" that was published in Remote Sensing

The New Frontiers of Earthquake Early Warning Systems

The New Frontiers of Earthquake Early Warning Systems Book
Author : Simona Colombelli,Maren Böse,Angela Isobel Chung,Huseyin Serdar Kuyuk,Mitsuyuki Hoshiba,Masumi Yamada
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2022-02-21
ISBN : 2889744469
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The New Frontiers of Earthquake Early Warning Systems book written by Simona Colombelli,Maren Böse,Angela Isobel Chung,Huseyin Serdar Kuyuk,Mitsuyuki Hoshiba,Masumi Yamada, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Factorization Methods for Discrete Sequential Estimation

Factorization Methods for Discrete Sequential Estimation Book
Author : Gerald J. Bierman
Publisher : Courier Corporation
Release : 2006-05-26
ISBN : 0486449815
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This estimation reference text thoroughly describes matrix factorization methods successfully employed by numerical analysts, familiarizing readers with the techniques that lead to efficient, economical, reliable, and flexible estimation algorithms. Topics include a review of least squares data processing and the Kalman filter algorithm; positive definite matrices, the Cholesky decomposition, and some of their applications; Householder orthogonal transformations; sequential square root data processing; mapping effects and process noise; biases and correlated process noise; and covariance analysis of effects due to mismodeled variables and incorrect filter a priori statistics. The concluding chapters explore SRIF error analysis of effects due to mismodeled variables and incorrect filter a priori statistics as well as square root information smoothing. Geared toward advanced undergraduates and graduate students, this pragmatically oriented and detailed presentation is also a useful reference, featuring numerous helpful appendixes throughout the text.

Iceland Within the Northern Atlantic Volume 1

Iceland Within the Northern Atlantic  Volume 1 Book
Author : Brigitte Van Vliet-Lanoe
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-07-19
ISBN : 1119850908
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The volcanic island of Iceland is a unique geological place due both to its position in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean and its repeated glaciations. It has been an accurate recorder of geodynamic and regional climatic evolutions for at least the last 15 million years. This book traces the history of Iceland, which is linked to the opening of the North Atlantic and the reactivation of the ancient suture of the Iapetus Ocean. It gives a view of climate evolution that is partly controlled by the dynamics of the ocean floor and analyzes the movement of the Jan Mayen tectonic plate and the progressive insularization of the Greenland–Faroe Ridge, which gave birth to Iceland. It also tries to understand the formation and migration of the deep Iceland hotspot and the lava flows that have, for millions of years, shaped this island. This book brings together the internal and external geodynamics of our planet to understand how Iceland functions and its role as a recorder of the paleoclimatic evolution of the Northern Hemisphere.

GALILEO Positioning Technology

GALILEO Positioning Technology Book
Author : Jari Nurmi,Elena Simona Lohan,Stephan Sand,Heikki Hurskainen
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-09-12
ISBN : 9400718306
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers multi-band Galileo receivers (especially E1-E5 bands of Galileo) and addresses all receiver building blocks, from the antenna and front end, through details of the baseband receiver processing blocks, up to the navigation processing, including the Galileo message structure and Position, Velocity, Time (PVT) computation. Moreover, hybridization solutions with communications systems for improved localization are discussed and an open-source GNSS receiver platform (available for download) developed at Tampere University of Technology (TUT) is addressed in detail.

Earthquake Data in Engineering Seismology

Earthquake Data in Engineering Seismology Book
Author : Sinan Akkar,Polat Gülkan,Torild van Eck
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-01-03
ISBN : 9400701527
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses current activities in strong-motion networks around the globe, covering issues related to designing, maintaining and disseminating information from these arrays. The book is divided into three principal sections. The first section includes recent developments in regional and global ground-motion predictive models. It presents discussions on the similarities and differences of ground motion estimations from these models and their application to design spectra as well as other novel procedures for predicting engineering parameters in seismic regions with sparse data. The second section introduces topics about the particular methodologies being implemented in the recently established global and regional strong-motion databanks in Europe to maintain and disseminate the archived accelerometric data. The final section describes major strong-motion arrays around the world and their historical developments. The last three chapters of this section introduce projects carried out within the context of arrays deployed for seismic risk studies in metropolitan areas. Audience: This timely book will be of particular interest for researchers who use accelerometric data extensively to conduct studies in earthquake engineering and engineering seismology.

SCIGN

SCIGN Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2001
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download SCIGN book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Parameter Estimation and Inverse Problems

Parameter Estimation and Inverse Problems Book
Author : Richard C. Aster,Brian Borchers,Clifford H. Thurber
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013
ISBN : 0123850487
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Preface -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Linear Regression -- 3. Discretizing Continuous Inverse Problems -- 4. Rank Deficiency and Ill-Conditioning -- 5. Tikhonov Regularization -- 6. Iterative Methods -- 7. Other Regularization Techniques -- 8. Fourier Techniques -- 9. Nonlinear Regression -- 10. Nonlinear Inverse Problems -- 11. Bayesian Methods -- Appendix A: Review of Linear Algebra -- Appendix B: Review of Probability and Statistics -- Appendix C: Glossary of Notation -- Bibliography -- IndexLinear Regression -- Discretizing Continuous Inverse Problems -- Rank Deficiency and Ill-Conditioning -- Tikhonov Regularization -- Iterative Methods -- Other Regularization Techniques -- Fourier Techniques -- Nonlinear Regression -- Nonlinear Inverse Problems -- Bayesian Methods.

GNSS Global Navigation Satellite Systems

GNSS     Global Navigation Satellite Systems Book
Author : Bernhard Hofmann-Wellenhof,Herbert Lichtenegger,Elmar Wasle
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-11-20
ISBN : 3211730176
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book extends the scientific bestseller "GPS - Theory and Practice" to cover Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) and includes the Russian GLONASS, the European system Galileo, and additional systems. The book refers to GNSS in the generic sense to describe the various existing reference systems for coordinates and time, the satellite orbits, the satellite signals, observables, mathematical models for positioning, data processing, and data transformation. This book is a university-level introductory textbook and is intended to serve as a reference for students as well as for professionals and scientists in the fields of geodesy, surveying engineering, navigation, and related disciplines.

Universal Navigation on Smartphones

Universal Navigation on Smartphones Book
Author : Hassan A. Karimi
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-08-04
ISBN : 9781441977410
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Universal navigation is accessible primarily through smart phones providing users with navigation information regardless of the environment (i.e., outdoor or indoor). Universal Navigation on Smartphones provide the most up-to-date navigation technologies and systems for both outdoor and indoor navigation. It also provides a comparison of the similarities and differences between outdoor and indoor navigation systems from both a technological stand point and user’s perspective. All aspects of navigation systems including geo-positioning, wireless communication, databases, and functions will be introduced. The main thrust of this book presents new approaches and techniques for future navigation systems including social networking, as an emerging approach for navigation.

Mathematical Geodesy

Mathematical Geodesy Book
Author : Martin Hotine
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1969
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Mathematical Geodesy book written by Martin Hotine, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.