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Gm Crop Policies And Challenges

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Policy Issues in Genetically Modified Crops

Policy Issues in Genetically Modified Crops Book
Author : Pardeep Singh,Anwesha Borthakur,Aditya Abha Singh,Ajay Kumar,Kshitij K. Singh
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-11-20
ISBN : 0128209453
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Policy Issues in Genetically Modified Crops: A Global Perspective contains both theoretical and empirical evidence of a broad range of aspects of GM crop policies throughout the world. Emphasizing world agriculture production and ethics of GM crops, the book balances insights into the various discussions around the use of GM crops, including soil health, effects on animals, environmental sustainability impact and ethical issues. This book will be useful for researchers in agricultural policy and economics, agricultural biotechnology, soil science, genetic engineering, ethics, environmental management, sustainable development and NGOs. Discusses ethics, varieties, research trends, and success stories of genetic modification Includes both crop production and human health impacts Compares and contrasts GM policies from around the world

The Politics of Precaution

The Politics of Precaution Book
Author : Robert L. Paarlberg
Publisher : Intl Food Policy Res Inst
Release : 2001-09-17
ISBN : 0801868238
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Genetically modified (GM) food crops have inspired increasing controversy over the past decade. By the mid-1990s they were widely grown in the U.S., Canada, and Argentina, but precautionary regulations continue to limit their use elsewhere. The restrictive policies of Europe and Japan toward GM crops have been much discussed. Less attention has been paid to the policies affecting the adoption of GM crops in the developing world, where their potential impact on the availability and quality of food is even greater. In this book Robert Paarlberg looks at the policy choices regarding GM food made by four important developing countries: Kenya, Brazil, India, and China. Of these, so far only China has approved the planting of GM crops. Paarlberg identifies five policy areas in which governments of developing countries can either support or discourage GM crops: intellectual property rights, biosafety, trade, food safety, and public research and investment. He notes that highly cautious biosafety policies have so far been the key reason that Kenya, Brazil, and India have hesitated to plant GM crops. These cautious policies have been strongly reinforced by international market forces and international diplomatic and NGO pressures. China has been less cautious toward GM crops, in part because there is less opportunity in China for international organizations or independent critics of GM crops to challenge official policy.

Governing the GM Crop Revolution

Governing the GM Crop Revolution Book
Author : Peter Gruhn,Robert L. Paarlberg,Francesco Goletti,Montague Yudelman
Publisher : Intl Food Policy Res Inst
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0896296385
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

International Conference on 21st Century Challenges to Sustainable Agri Food Systems

International Conference on 21st Century Challenges to Sustainable Agri Food Systems Book
Author : P. G. Chengappa,Nareppa Nagaraj,Ramesh Kanwar
Publisher : I. K. International Pvt Ltd
Release : 2007-01-01
ISBN : 818986629X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Of late, farming community in India has been facing new challenges of food and nutrition security, human health and structural adjustment to comply with WTO stipulations on the one hand and sustainable environment on the other. The overuse of fertilizers and chemicals, and depleting water resources are essentially threatening the sustainability of Indian agriculture. The slow growth of agriculture sector mainly due to stagnation in productivity growth is a grave concern for policy-makers and development planners. The key challenge to India's agriculture in the 21st century in the wake of open global economy lies in designing, developing and managing agricultural systems that enable farmers to be efficient, equitable and sustainable in the bio-physical and socio-cultural environments. This book has deliberated on the key issues of sustainable agriculture in the context of emerging technologies, policies and institutions by promoting efficiency, equity and better management of natural resources. In the process, thoughts and experience of world-class leaders in agricultural education, research, extension, policy, agri-business and development in addressing the challenges confronting farmers have been documented

Trade and Tribulations

Trade and Tribulations Book
Author : John Komen,David Wafula
Publisher : Center For Strategic & International Studies
Release : 2013-05-03
ISBN : 1442224762
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Agricultural biotechnology holds great promise in contributing to Africa’s socioeconomic development. This is confirmed by a growing body of literature analyzing the positive economic effects at the farm level, and also for a growing number of farmers in Africa. However, with the exception of Burkina Faso, Egypt, and South Africa, the African countries have been slow adopters of biotechnology crops for cultivation.

Encyclopedia of Food Security and Sustainability

Encyclopedia of Food Security and Sustainability Book
Author : N.A
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-11-08
ISBN : 0128126884
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Encyclopedia of Food Security and Sustainability covers the hottest topics in the science of food sustainability, providing a synopsis of the path society is on to secure food for a growing population. It investigates the focal issue of sustainable food production in relation to the effects of global change on food resources, biodiversity and global food security. This collection of methodological approaches and knowledge derived from expert authors around the world offers the research community, food industry, scientists and students with the knowledge to relate to, and report on, the novel challenges of food production and sustainability. This comprehensive encyclopedia will act as a platform to show how an interdisciplinary approach and closer collaboration between the scientific and industrial communities is necessary to strengthen our existing capacity to generate and share research data. Offers readers a ‘one-stop’ resource on the topic of food security and sustainability Contains articles split into sections based on the various dimensions of Food Security and Food Sustainability Written by academics and practitioners from various fields and regions with a “farm to fork understanding Includes concise and accessible chapters, providing an authoritative introduction for non-specialists and readers from undergraduate level upwards, as well as up-to-date foundational content for those familiar with the field

The Gene Revolution

The Gene Revolution Book
Author : Sakiko Fukuda-Parr
Publisher : Earthscan
Release : 2007
ISBN : 1844074102
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Whether or not to embrace GM technologies is a fundamental and politically charged question facing humanity in the 21st century, particularly in light of rapidly growing populations and the unknown future impacts of climate change.The Gene Revolution is the first book to bridge the gap between the ?naysayers? and ?cheerleaders? and look at the issues and complexities facing developing and transitional countries over decisions about GM in light of the reality of what is happening on the ground. The first part of the volume looks at the rise of GM crops, commercialization and spread of the technology and the different positions of the USA and the European Union on the GM questionand the effect of global markets. The second part consists of country perspectives from Argentina, Brazil, China, India and South Africa, which provide insight into the profound challenges these countries face and the hard choices that have to be made. The final part takes the analysis a step further by comparing developing and transitional country experiences, and charts a future course for government policy on GM that supports growth, sustainability andequity for the many billions of people affected worldwide.

Governing Risk in GM Agriculture

Governing Risk in GM Agriculture Book
Author : Michael Baram,Mathilde Bourrier
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2010-11-08
ISBN : 1139495402
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses the issues and methods involved in governing risks posed by genetically modified (GM) agriculture. It examines the evolution of policies intended to ensure the safety of GM crops and food products in the United States and Europe and the regulatory approaches and other social controls employed to protect human health, the environment, conventional farming and foods, and the interests and rights of consumers. Discussion encompasses the cultural, political and economic forces that shape the design and application of the methods of risk governance, as well as other contextual features such as the influence of multinational companies seeking acceptance of their GM ventures. This discussion also examines the influence of the dynamic public discourse fostered by progressive concepts of risk governance and the approaches taken to meet its demands for transparency, public participation and appropriate consideration of public perceptions and values despite conflicting views of experts.

Global Environmental Issues

Global Environmental Issues Book
Author : Frances Harris
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-02-08
ISBN : 1119952085
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Global Environmental Issues, second edition builds on the popularity of the first edition, viewing global environmental problems as complex issues with a network of causes, influenced by a range of actors with differing priorities. The book recognises that science underpins much of what happens in society and therefore it is important to be able to interpret the environmental and social consequences of scientific developments. In addition to discussing the main biophysical causes, the book illustrates how socio-economic and political factors determine why and how people use land, resources and technology, and how this in turn affects natural resource management. This edition includes new chapters on the politics of science, International environmental regulation and treaties, environmental issues in a globalised world and natural resource management. Global Environmental Issues, second edition is essential reading for upper level undergraduates and Masters students within departments of Environmental Science and Geography. Includes case studies from around the world to provide a real life context for the issues tackled in each chapter Considers both the results of human actions and natural environmental change in order to provide balanced, in-depth debate Includes coverage of contemporary 'hot topics' such as biodiversity, globalization and sustainable development Chapters authored by experts in the field Includes new chapters on The politics of science, International environmental regulation and treaties , Environmental issues in a globalised world and Natural Resource Management Expanded sections include negotiating multilateral environmental agreements, GM crops, biofuels and marine and freshwater resources

Biosafety of GM Crops in Kenya Uganda and Tanzania

Biosafety of GM Crops in Kenya  Uganda  and Tanzania Book
Author : Judith A. Chambers
Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
Release : 2013-12-11
ISBN : 1442228067
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This report outlines the status of biotechnology regulatory structures in Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda, with a focus on regulation of genetically modified (GM) crops. Effective regulatory structures are important for the approval and use of agricultural technology.

Environmental Policy in North America

Environmental Policy in North America Book
Author : Robert G. Healy,Debora L. VanNijnatten,Marcela López-Vallejo
Publisher : University of Toronto Press
Release : 2014-01-20
ISBN : 1442693770
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This comprehensive analysis of key issues in North American environmental policy provides an overview of how the US, Mexico, and Canada differ in their environmental management approaches and capacity levels, and how these differences play into cross-border cooperation on environmental problems. The book offers insights into transboundary cooperation both before and after NAFTA, and presents a framework for making environmental interaction more effective in the future. The book is organized into two parts. The first, more general, section compares the national contexts for environmental management in each country—including economic conditions, sociocultural dynamics, and political decision-making frameworks— and shows how these have led to variations in policy approaches and levels of capacity. The authors argue that effective environmental governance in North America depends on the ability of transboundary institutions to address and mediate these differences. The book's second section illustrates this argument, using four case studies of environmental management in North America: biodiversity and protected areas, air pollution (smog); greenhouse gas reduction, and genetically modified crops.

Handbook on Agriculture Biotechnology and Development

Handbook on Agriculture  Biotechnology and Development Book
Author : Stuart J. Smyth,Peter W.B. Phillips,David Castle
Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
Release : 2014-03-28
ISBN : 0857938355
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a compendium of knowledge, experience and insight on agriculture, biotechnology and development. Beginning with an account of GM crop adoptions and attitudes towards them, the book assesses numerous crucial processes, concluding with detai

Genetically Modified Food and Global Welfare

Genetically Modified Food and Global Welfare Book
Author : Colin Carter,Ian Sheldon,GianCarlo Moschini
Publisher : Emerald Group Publishing
Release : 2011-07-25
ISBN : 0857247581
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume brings together fresh insights from top agricultural economists in the areas of consumer attitudes, environmental impacts, policy and regulation, trade, investment, food security, and development, in an attempt to provide a new perspective on the most pressing policy questions facing GM technology.

Agricultural Biotechnology and Transatlantic Trade

Agricultural Biotechnology and Transatlantic Trade Book
Author : Grant Isaac
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2002-02-21
ISBN : 9780851997001
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Genetically modified (GM) agricultural crops which are approved as safe in North America (Canada and the United States) are facing significant regulatory hurdles in gaining access to the European Union. The development and commercialization of GM crops illustrate a complex challenge facing trade diplomacy - the challenge of regulatory regionalism created by social regulatory barriers.

Environmental Risk Assessment of Genetically Modified Organisms

Environmental Risk Assessment of Genetically Modified Organisms Book
Author : David Alan Andow,Angelika Hilbeck,N. Van Tuat
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2008
ISBN : 1845932285
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This title synthesizes information relevant to GM crops in Vietnam, taking Bt cotton as an example. It can be used as a technical manual to enable Vietnamese scientists to evaluate the potential environmental impacts of Bt cotton varieties prior to commercialization.

Environment and Planning

Environment and Planning Book
Author : N.A
Publisher :
Release : 2005
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Publishes interdisciplinary research on issues of Government and Policy with an international perspective. Committed to a broad range of policy questions, not just those related to government and public policy. Topics covered include nonstate agents, private-public collaboration, and NGOs (nongovernmental organisations). All areas of economic, social and environmental institutions, and policy are included. Disciplines from which papers are derived include political science, planning, geography, economics, law, sociology, and public administration.

The Coexistence of Genetically Modified Organic and Conventional Foods

The Coexistence of Genetically Modified  Organic and Conventional Foods Book
Author : Nicholas Kalaitzandonakes,Peter W.B. Phillips,Justus Wesseler,Stuart J. Smyth
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-10-18
ISBN : 1493937278
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since their commercial introduction in 1996, genetically modified (GM) crops have been adopted by farmers around the world at impressive rates. In 2011, 180 million hectares of GM crops were cultivated by more than 15 million farmers in 29 countries. In the next decade, global adoption is expected to grow even faster as the research pipeline for new biotech traits and crops has increased almost fourfold in the last few years. The adoption of GM crops has led to increased productivity, while reducing pesticide use and the emissions of agricultural greenhouse gases, leading to broadly distributed economic benefits across the global food supply chain. Despite the rapid uptake of GM crops, the various social and economic benefits as well as the expanding rate innovation, the use of GM crops remains controversial in parts of the world. Despite the emergence of coexistence between GM, organic and conventional crops as a key policy and practical issue of global scale, there is no coherent literature that addresses it directly. Governments and market stakeholders in many countries are grappling with policy alternatives that settle conflicting property rights, minimize negative market externalities and associated liabilities, maximize the economic benefits of innovation and allow producer and consumer choice. This book intends to fill these needs with contributions from the top theoreticians, legal and economic analysts, policy makers and industry practitioners in the field. As the economics and policy of coexistence start to emerge as an separate subfield in agricultural, environmental and natural resource economics with an increasing number of scholars working on the topic, the book will also provide a comprehensive base in the literature for those entering the area, making it of interest to students, scholars and policy-makers alike.

Policies Institutions and Markets Stronger evidence for better decisions

Policies  Institutions  and Markets  Stronger evidence for better decisions Book
Author : CGIAR Research Program on Policies, Institutions, and Markets
Publisher : Intl Food Policy Res Inst
Release :
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sound policies, robust institutions, and well-function­ing markets complement technological discovery in agricultural science to ensure that consumers have access to nutritious and affordable food, producers have incentives to plant and harvest, and the myriad participants in complex value chains are well linked in mutually beneficial connections. The CGIAR Research Program on Policies, Institutions, and Markets (PIM) provides foundations of anal­ysis and knowledge for food systems that help smallholder farmers and poor consumers live better lives.