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Gm Crop Policies And Challenges

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GM Crop Policies and Challenges

GM Crop Policies and Challenges Book
Author : Pardeep Singh,Anwesha Borthakur,Rishikesh Singh,Ajay Kumar
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2022-01-17
ISBN : 9780323851459
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Policy Issues in Genetically Modified Crops: Global Policies and Practices contains both theoretical and empirical evidence of a broad range of aspects of GM crop policies throughout the world. Emphasizing world agriculture production and ethics of GM crops, the book balances insights into the various discussions around the use of GM crops including soil health, effects on animals, environmental sustainability impact, and ethical issues. Modern agriculture is directly and explicitly characterized by the adoption of new technologies, their developmental processes and emerging scientific approaches. The recent trends of agriculture are not limited to capital-intensive agricultural production. GM is increasingly regarded as an option in transforming traditional agriculture practices to modern and more efficient means of feeding the world. This book will be useful for researchers in agricultural policy and economics, agricultural biotechnology, soil science, genetic engineering, ethics, environmental management, sustainable development and NGOs. Discusses ethics, varieties, research trends, and success stories of genetic modification Includes both crop production and human health impacts Compares and contrasts GM policies from around the world

Policy Issues in Genetically Modified Crops

Policy Issues in Genetically Modified Crops Book
Author : Pardeep Singh,Anwesha Borthakur,Aditya Abha Singh,Ajay Kumar,Kshitij K. Singh
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-11-20
ISBN : 0128209453
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Policy Issues in Genetically Modified Crops: A Global Perspective contains both theoretical and empirical evidence of a broad range of aspects of GM crop policies throughout the world. Emphasizing world agriculture production and ethics of GM crops, the book balances insights into the various discussions around the use of GM crops, including soil health, effects on animals, environmental sustainability impact and ethical issues. This book will be useful for researchers in agricultural policy and economics, agricultural biotechnology, soil science, genetic engineering, ethics, environmental management, sustainable development and NGOs. Discusses ethics, varieties, research trends, and success stories of genetic modification Includes both crop production and human health impacts Compares and contrasts GM policies from around the world

The Politics of Precaution

The Politics of Precaution Book
Author : Robert L. Paarlberg
Publisher : Intl Food Policy Res Inst
Release : 2001-09-17
ISBN : 0801868238
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Genetically modified (GM) food crops have inspired increasing controversy over the past decade. By the mid-1990s they were widely grown in the U.S., Canada, and Argentina, but precautionary regulations continue to limit their use elsewhere. The restrictive policies of Europe and Japan toward GM crops have been much discussed. Less attention has been paid to the policies affecting the adoption of GM crops in the developing world, where their potential impact on the availability and quality of food is even greater. In this book Robert Paarlberg looks at the policy choices regarding GM food made by four important developing countries: Kenya, Brazil, India, and China. Of these, so far only China has approved the planting of GM crops. Paarlberg identifies five policy areas in which governments of developing countries can either support or discourage GM crops: intellectual property rights, biosafety, trade, food safety, and public research and investment. He notes that highly cautious biosafety policies have so far been the key reason that Kenya, Brazil, and India have hesitated to plant GM crops. These cautious policies have been strongly reinforced by international market forces and international diplomatic and NGO pressures. China has been less cautious toward GM crops, in part because there is less opportunity in China for international organizations or independent critics of GM crops to challenge official policy.

Food Security and Food Production

Food Security and Food Production Book
Author : C. Sheela Reddy
Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Release : 2015
ISBN : 1443881570
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"The food security of a nation is largely dependent on its ecological foundation. In India, competition for water, land, human, and financial resources, and the suitability of the existing institutional system in ensuring food security require the attention of both policy makers and planners. Food crops have to compete for water and various other needs with commercial crops. Water, the core requirement for food production, is becoming increasingly scarce in many parts of India. Land is also crucial in food production, especially with regards to soil fertility. However, lands traditionally used for growing crops are increasingly used instead for various other purposes. The balancing of the expectations of farmers in the markets, for want of better prices, with the national objective of food security is imperative in this climate. This necessitates public investment in agriculture, including seed supply, soil health initiatives, and pest control. The institutional challenges in ensuring food security in India are currently under-explored, with more discussion on entitlements and rights, in relation to food security, but less attention on the public institutions that are likely to play a critical role. Public institutions, through the use of policies, schemes and programmes, need to address the issues which impinge on the ecological foundation of food security, while the governance architecture related to this has to integrate the public distribution system properly. This book addresses these challenges and offers insights into what changes need to be made to ensure food security in India."--

Unfinished Puzzle

Unfinished Puzzle Book
Author : May Ling Chan,Eduardo Francisco Freyre Roach
Publisher : Food First Books
Release : 2013-01-01
ISBN : 0935028404
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cuba is widely recognized for its social achievements including health care, education, social security, subsidized food and other benefits and opportunities, despite well-meaning, or sometimes not so well-meaning, international criticisms. For more than 50 years, this Caribbean island has defended and sustained these economic, political, social and cultural gains, and has maintained a commitment to humanitarianism and international solidarity that persists to this day. Part one of Unfinished Puzzle describes the socioeconomic context of Cuban agriculture, the natural environment that affect it and the international political context in which it has developed. Part two explores the unique agricultural policies Cubans implemented to confront the food and economic crises of the early 1990s. Finally, part three examines the lessons to be learned from the Cuban experience with respect to local development, sustainable agriculture, agroecology, food security and food sovereignty. It highlights the elements of the Cuban system most suitable for replication in other countries facing similar circumstances or challenges.

International Trade and Policies for Genetically Modified Products

International Trade and Policies for Genetically Modified Products Book
Author : Robert Eugene Evenson,V. Santaniello
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0851990568
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Part 1: Analytical Studies: 1.Biotechnology risks and project interdependence, Odin K. Knudsen and Pasquale L. Scandizzo. 2. Restricted monopoly R & D pricing: uncertainty, irreversibility and non-market effect, Robert D. Weaver and Justus Wesseler. 3. Biotechnology and the emergence of club behavior in agricultural trade, Monika Tothova and James F. Oehmke. 4. The labelling of genetically modified products in a global trading environment, Stefania Scandizzo. Part 2: Empirical trade studies: 5. Tree biotechnology: regulation and international trade, Roger A. Sedjo. 6. Commercialized products of biotechnology and trade pattern effects, Stuart Smyth, William A. Kerr and Kelley A. Davey. Part 3: Spillover dimensions: 7. The coexistence of GM and non-GM arable crops in the EU: economic and market considerations, Graham Brookes. 8. Research spillovers in biotech industry: The case of canola, Richard S. Gray, Stavroula Malla and Kien Tran. 9. Mergers, acquisitions and flows of agbiotech intellectual property, David Schimmelpfennig and John King. 10. The Impact of regulation on the development of new products in the food industry, Klaus Menrad and Knut Blind. Part 4: Intellectual property rights. 11. Patents versus plant varietal protection, Derek Eaton and Frank van Tongerun. 12. Governing innovative science: challenges facing the commercialization of plant-made pharmaceuticals, Stuart Smyth, George Khachatourians and Peter W.B. Phillips. 13. Are GURTs needed to remedy intellectual property failures and environmental Problems with GM Crops?, Geoff Budd. Part 5: Applied general equilibrium trade models 14. Economic effects of producing or banning G.M. crops, Janine Flatau and P. Michael Schmitz. 15. Opposition to genetically modified wheat and global food security, Faycal Haggui, Peter W.B. Phillips and Richard S. Gray. 16. International impacts of Bt cotton adoption, George B. Frisvold, Russell Trosvold, Russell Tronstad and Jeanne M. Reeves.

Governing the GM Crop Revolution

Governing the GM Crop Revolution Book
Author : Peter Gruhn,Robert L. Paarlberg,Francesco Goletti,Montague Yudelman
Publisher : Intl Food Policy Res Inst
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0896296385
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Governing the GM Crop Revolution book written by Peter Gruhn,Robert L. Paarlberg,Francesco Goletti,Montague Yudelman, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Crop Production and Global Environmental Issues

Crop Production and Global Environmental Issues Book
Author : Khalid Rehman Hakeem
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-12-08
ISBN : 3319231626
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Meeting the world’s food security challenge will require a multi-national, collaborative effort to integrate the best research from science, engineering and socioeconomics so that technological advances can bring benefits where they are most needed. The present book covers the effect of major environmental problems on crop production and how to cope with these issues for sustainable agriculture and improvements of crops. The world’s population is predicted to hit 9.6 Billion by 2050, up from today’s total of nearly 7.3 Billion, and with it food demand is predicted to increase substantially. The post-war ‘second agricultural revolution’ in developed countries, and the ‘green revolution’ in developing nations in the mid- 1960s converted agricultural practices and elevated crop yields spectacularly, but the outcome is levelling off and will not meet projected demand. Simultaneously, crop production is affected by many other factors, including industrial pollution, overuse of fertilizers and insecticides, heavy metal and radiation stresses etc. It has been noted that many pests are becoming resistant to insecticides. Estimates vary, but around 25% of crops can be lost to pests and diseases. Climate change associated with agriculture is also a global issue. Agriculture is a significant contributor to greenhouse gases and is estimated to account for 10-12% of total greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Many of the issues highlighted are global problems and are addressed thoroug hly in this work.

Biotechnology in Africa

Biotechnology in Africa Book
Author : Florence Wambugu,Daniel Kamanga
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-05-10
ISBN : 3319040014
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this book, Florence Wambugu and Daniel Kamanga of Africa Harvest Biotech Foundation International bring together expert African authorities to critique various biotechnology initiatives and project future developments in the field in Africa. For the first time, African voices from multidisciplinary fields as diverse as economics, agriculture, biotechnology, law, politics and academia, demand to be allowed to set the continent’s biotech development agenda. This book argues that there is a great future for biotechnology in Africa which sidesteps western interests that do not match those of the local populace. In these diverse chapters, Africa’s political and scientific leaders demand a greater say in how research and development funds are allocated and spent. They argue that Africa’s political leaders must see both clear benefits and have elbow-room to drive the change required. This is the way that African governments can employ workable policies, suitable biosafety legislation and regulation and respond effectively to public-private partnerships. Wambugu and Kamanga show that biotechnology has the potential to improve food security and standard of living as well as mitigate the detrimental effects of climate change on the African continent.

GMO Trade Regulation and Developing Countries

GMO Trade Regulation and Developing Countries Book
Author : Richard B. Stewart
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download GMO Trade Regulation and Developing Countries book written by Richard B. Stewart, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

International Conference on 21st Century Challenges to Sustainable Agri Food Systems

International Conference on 21st Century Challenges to Sustainable Agri Food Systems Book
Author : P. G. Chengappa,Nareppa Nagaraj,Ramesh Kanwar
Publisher : I. K. International Pvt Ltd
Release : 2007-01-01
ISBN : 818986629X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Of late, farming community in India has been facing new challenges of food and nutrition security, human health and structural adjustment to comply with WTO stipulations on the one hand and sustainable environment on the other. The overuse of fertilizers and chemicals, and depleting water resources are essentially threatening the sustainability of Indian agriculture. The slow growth of agriculture sector mainly due to stagnation in productivity growth is a grave concern for policy-makers and development planners. The key challenge to India's agriculture in the 21st century in the wake of open global economy lies in designing, developing and managing agricultural systems that enable farmers to be efficient, equitable and sustainable in the bio-physical and socio-cultural environments. This book has deliberated on the key issues of sustainable agriculture in the context of emerging technologies, policies and institutions by promoting efficiency, equity and better management of natural resources. In the process, thoughts and experience of world-class leaders in agricultural education, research, extension, policy, agri-business and development in addressing the challenges confronting farmers have been documented

Genetic Engineering in Agricultural Landscapes

Genetic Engineering in Agricultural Landscapes Book
Author : Naira Harutyunyan
Publisher : LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
Release : 2012-07
ISBN : 9783659173516
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

While controversy over genetic engineering remains unsolved, the last decades witnessed unrestrained release of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) from controlled laboratory setting into agricultural landscapes. The book scrutinizes the claimed benefits and potential risks of GMOs, focusing on crops and food products. It investigates international GMO policy-making alongside the role of corporations in shaping global agrifood governance. The book discusses patenting issues and describes how corporations manipulate or prevent public science in the field. It highlights production of seed-chemical "packages" that imposes selective demand and development of "terminator" (sterile) seeds that prevent farmers from saving seeds for next years, etc. Due to public rejection and stringent policies in Europe, corporations focus on "less resistant" countries with weak capacity to oppose their invasive policies. The book proceeds with situation in Armenia. It investigates public views on GMOs, explores GMO governance mechanisms, and assesses their effectiveness in regulating the field and protecting from possible threats. Finally, recommendations on addressing policy challenges are presented.

To Reach the Poor

To Reach the Poor Book
Author : Atanassov, Atanas,Bahieldin, Ahmed,Brink, Johan,Burachik, Moises,Cohen, Joel I.,Dhawan, Vibha,Ebora, Reynaldo V.,Falck-Zepeda, Jose,Herrera-Estrella, Luis,Komen, John,Chon Low, Fee,Omaliko, Emeka,Odhiambo, Benjamin,Quemada, Hector,Peng, Yufa Sampaio,Idah Sithole-Niang, Maria Jose,Sittenfeld, Ana,Smale, Melinda,Sithole-Niang, Idah Sutrisno,Valyasevi, Ruud,Zafar, Yusuf,Zambrano, Patricia
Publisher : Intl Food Policy Res Inst
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Local farming communities throughout the world face productivity constraints, environmental concerns, and diverse nutritional needs. Developing countries address these challenges in a number of ways. One way is public research that produces genetically modified (GM) crops and recognize biotechnology as a part of the solution. To reach these communities, GM crops, after receiving biosafety agreement, must be approved for evaluation under local conditions. However, gaps between approvals in the developed and developing world grow larger, as the process of advancing GM crops in developing countries becomes increasingly difficult. In several countries, only insect resistant cotton has successfully moved from small, confined experimental trials to larger, open trials and to farms. By far, most GM crop approvals have been for commercial products that perform well under tropical conditions. However, complete information on public GMcrop research in developing countries has not been assessed. “Will policies and research institutions in the developing world stimulate the safe use of publicly fundedGM food crops?” The relatively few GM crops approved from public research, coupled with growing regulatory, biosafety capacity, trade, and political concerns, argue to the contrary. To tackle this issue, we identified and analyzed public research pipelines for GM crops among 16 developing countries and transition economies. Respondents reported 209 genetic transformation events for 46 different crops at the time when the survey was conducted. The pipelines demonstrate scientific progress among publicly funded crop research institutes in participating countries. Information and findings are presented for GM crops nearing final stages of selection. Additional details are provided for the types of genes and traits used, the breadth of genetic resources documented, implications for regulation, and the type of research partnerships employed. Regulations, GM crop approvals, choice of transgene, and policy implications are discussed as they affect this research. Based on these findings, recommendations are presented that would help sustain and increase efficiency of publicly supported research while meeting biosafety requirements. To do so, the study examines results concerning investments and choices made in research, capacity, and policy development for biotechnology. These indicate the risk and potential for GM technologies in developing countries. Policy makers, those funding biotechnology, and other stakeholders can use this information to prioritize investments, consider product advancement, and assess relative magnitude of potential risks, and benefits.

Genetically Modified Organisms in Food

Genetically Modified Organisms in Food Book
Author : Ronald Ross Watson,Victor R. Preedy
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-08-20
ISBN : 0128025301
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Genetically Modified Organisms in Food focuses on scientific evaluation of published research relating to GMO food products to assert their safety as well as potential health risks. This book is a solid reference for researchers and professionals needing information on the safety of GMO and non-GMO food production, the economic benefits of both GMO and non-GMO foods, and includes in-depth coverage of the surrounding issues of genetic engineering in foods. This is a timely publication written by a team of scientific experts in the field who present research results to help further more evidence based research to educate scientists, academics, government professionals about the safety of the global food supply. Provides the latest on research and development in the field of GMOs and non-GMO safety issues and possible risk factors incorporating evidence based reviews for a better understanding of these issues Covers various aspects of GMO production, analysis and identification to better understand GMO development and use Includes definitions, a brief overview and history of GM foods from a global perspective and concise summaries with recommendations for actions for each chapter

Global food security ethical and legal challenges

Global food security  ethical and legal challenges Book
Author : Carlos M. Romeo Casabona,Leire Escajedo San Epifanio,Aitziber Emaldi Cirión
Publisher : Wageningen Academic Publishers
Release : 2010-08-10
ISBN : 9086867103
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Food security will exist when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life (as stated in the Rome Declaration in 1996). Given the dimension of the current global food crisis, food security means adopting effective and specific actions at individual, household, national, regional and global levels. Food security invites us to reflect upon ethical principles like human equity, justice between current and future generations, respect for human dignity and sustainable food production. We strive to maintain our basic ethical convictions and engage in societal debates about other important values. While we do this, we may have to change our ways of life and learn to create new priorities in the face of global responsibility. Science and technology are key tools to reach the Millenium Goals, providing both society and decision makers alike with relevant information and new options within an ethical framework. The contributions found in this publication bring together the perspectives of a diverse group of authors. Coming from the academic world, the public sector and non-governmental organisations (NGOs), they provide the latest views on ‘Global food security: ethical and legal challenges’.

2012 Global Food Policy Report

2012 Global Food Policy Report Book
Author : International Food Policy Research Institute
Publisher : Intl Food Policy Res Inst
Release : 2013
ISBN : 0896295532
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This 2012 Global Food Policy Report is the second in an annual series that provides an in-depth look at major food policy developments and events. Initiated in response to resurgent interest in food security, the series offers a yearly overview of the food policy developments that have contributed to or hindered progress in food and nutrition security. It reviews what happened in food policy and why, examines key challenges and opportunities, shares new evidence and knowledge, and highlights emerging issues. In 2012, world food security remained vulnerable. While talk about hunger and malnutrition was plentiful, it remains to be seen whether current and past commitments to invest in agriculture, food security, and nutrition will be met. New data from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations suggest that the world will fall short of achieving the first Millennium Development Goal of halving the prevalence of undernutrition by 2015. Translating commitments into action is thus even more urgent.

The Gene Revolution

The Gene Revolution Book
Author : Sakiko Fukuda-Parr
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 2012-04-27
ISBN : 1136553843
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Whether or not to embrace GM technologies is a fundamental and politically charged question facing humanity in the 21st century, particularly in light of rapidly growing populations and the unknown future impacts of climate change. The Gene Revolution is the first book to bridge the gap between the naysayers and cheerleaders and look at the issues and complexities facing developing and transitional countries over decisions about GM in light of the reality of what is happening on the ground. The first part of the volume looks at the rise of GM crops, commercialization and spread of the technology and the different positions of the USA and the European Union on the GM question and the effect of global markets. The second part consists of country perspectives from Argentina, Brazil, China, India and South Africa, which provide insight into the profound challenges these countries face and the hard choices that have to be made. The final part takes the analysis a step further by comparing developing and transitional country experiences, and charts a future course for government policy on GM that supports growth, sustainability and equity for the many billions of people affected worldwide.

Analysis for Biotechnology Innovations Using Strategic Environmental Assessment SEA

Analysis for Biotechnology Innovations Using Strategic Environmental Assessment  SEA  Book
Author : Nicholas A. Linacre, Joanne Gaskell, Mark W. Rosegrant, Jose Falck-Zepeda, Hector Quemada, Mark Halsey, and Regina Birner.
Publisher : Intl Food Policy Res Inst
Release : 2021-10-17
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Analysis for Biotechnology Innovations Using Strategic Environmental Assessment SEA book written by Nicholas A. Linacre, Joanne Gaskell, Mark W. Rosegrant, Jose Falck-Zepeda, Hector Quemada, Mark Halsey, and Regina Birner., available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Securing Our Natural Wealth

Securing Our Natural Wealth Book
Author : Debashis Bandyopadhyay
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-06-02
ISBN : 9811088721
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explores various aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) regimes with regard to plant-variety protection and farmers’ rights; traditional knowledge; geographical indications, genetically modified crops; and access to genetic resources within the broad ambit of Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS), the Convention of Biological Diversity and other treaties/protocols. Enumerating the governance provisions for India and some of its neighboring countries, including Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Thailand and Myanmar, the book synthesizes a policy agenda to drive sustainable development. Further, it assesses and interprets the status quo, and discusses key issues and implications. By comparing various governance frameworks in South Asian countries, it attempts to bridge policy issues concerning development, IPR and international studies.

Genetically Modified Crops and Agricultural Development

Genetically Modified Crops and Agricultural Development Book
Author : Matin Qaim
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-04-29
ISBN : 1137405724
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book analyzes the impacts of current and possible future GM crop applications and shows that these technologies can contribute substantially to sustainable agricultural development and food security.