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Global Practices On Road Traffic Signal Control

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Global Practices on Road Traffic Signal Control

Global Practices on Road Traffic Signal Control Book
Author : Keshuang Tang,Manfred Boltze,Hideki Nakamura,Zong Tian
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-05-03
ISBN : 0128153032
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Global Practices on Road Traffic Signal Control is a valuable reference on the current state-of-the-art of road traffic signal control around the world. The book provides a detailed description of the common principles of road traffic signal control using a well-defined and consistent format that examines their application in countries and regions across the globe. This important resource considers the differences and special considerations across countries, providing useful insights into selecting control strategies for signal timing at intersections and pedestrian crosswalks. The book's authors also include success stories for coping with increasing traffic-related problems, examining both constraints and the reasons behind them. Presents a comprehensive reference on country-by-country practices on road traffic signal control Compiles and compares approaches across countries Covers theories and common principles Examines the most current systems and their implementation

Traffic Signal Timing Manual

Traffic Signal Timing Manual Book
Author : U.s. Department of Transportation,Federal Highway Administration
Publisher : CreateSpace
Release : 2015-02-20
ISBN : 9781508557173
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This report serves as a comprehensive guide to traffic signal timing and documents the tasks completed in association with its development. The focus of this document is on traffic signal control principles, practices, and procedures. It describes the relationship between traffic signal timing and transportation policy and addresses maintenance and operations of traffic signals. It represents a synthesis of traffic signal timing concepts and their application and focuses on the use of detection, related timing parameters, and resulting effects to users at the intersection. It discusses advanced topics briefly to raise awareness related to their use and application. The purpose of the Signal Timing Manual is to provide direction and guidance to managers, supervisors, and practitioners based on sound practice to proactively and comprehensively improve signal timing. The outcome of properly training staff and proactively operating and maintaining traffic signals is signal timing that reduces congestion and fuel consumption ultimately improving our quality of life and the air we breathe. This manual provides an easy-to-use concise, practical and modular guide on signal timing. The elements of signal timing from policy and funding considerations to timing plan development, assessment, and maintenance are covered in the manual. The manual is the culmination of research into practices across North America and serves as a reference for a range of practitioners, from those involved in the day to day management, operation and maintenance of traffic signals to those that plan, design, operate and maintain these systems.

Control Computers Communications in Transportation

Control  Computers  Communications in Transportation Book
Author : J.-P. Perrin
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-06-28
ISBN : 1483299015
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume investigates developments and future trends in transportation research and what effects they will have on society. The coverage is broad; including road (urban and motorway), rail and air-traffic control. The sections deal with safety aspects, modelling and simulation, the use of sensors and image processing. The final section covers the development and implementation of new route guidance systems. This up-to-date information will be of use to transport engineers, urban planners, operations research and systems scientists.

Applications of Evolutionary Computation

Applications of Evolutionary Computation Book
Author : Pedro A. Castillo,Juan Luis Jiménez Laredo
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-05-02
ISBN : 3030726991
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 24th International Conference on Applications of Evolutionary Computation, EvoApplications 2021, held as part of Evo*2021, as Virtual Event, in April 2021, co-located with the Evo*2021 events EuroGP, EvoCOP, and EvoMUSART. The 51 revised full papers presented in this book were carefully reviewed and selected from 78 submissions. The papers cover a wide spectrum of topics, ranging from applications of evolutionary computation; applications of deep bioinspired algorithms; soft computing applied to games; machine learning and AI in digital healthcare and personalized medicine; evolutionary computation in image analysis, signal processing and pattern recognition; evolutionary machine learning; parallel and distributed systems; and applications of nature inspired computing for sustainability and development.​

Urban Freight Transportation Systems

Urban Freight Transportation Systems Book
Author : Ralf Elbert,Christian Friedrich,Manfred Boltze,Hans-Christian Pfohl
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-09-28
ISBN : 0128173637
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Urban Freight Transportation Systems offers new insights into the complexities of today’s urban freight transport system. It provides a much needed multidisciplinary perspective from researchers in not only transportation, but also engineering, business management, planning and the law. The book examines numerous critical issues, such as strategies for delivery, logistics and freight transport spatial patterns, urban policy assessment, innovative transportation technologies, urban hubs, and the role factories play in the urban freight transport system. The book offers a novel conceptual approach for addressing the problems of production, logistics and traffic in an urban context. As most of the world's population now live in cities, thus significantly increasing commercial traffic, there are numerous challenges for efficiently and sustainably delivering goods into cities. This book provides solutions and tactics to those challenges. Includes interdisciplinary contributors from around the globe Provides never-before-published original research to help users stay current and develop a deeper understanding of the field Presents the methods and results of research that is useful for both academics and practitioners

Freight Transport Modeling in Emerging Countries

Freight Transport Modeling in Emerging Countries Book
Author : Ioanna Kourounioti,Lorant Tavasszy,Hanno Friedrich
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-10-20
ISBN : 0128216816
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Freight Transport Modeling in Emerging Countries examines freight transport models developed in emerging countries including Turkey, South Africa, India, Chile, and more. It provides a toolbox of successful freight transport model applications, alternative data collection methods, and evaluation techniques for the development of future policies. The book offers solutions for issues related to the urban, national, and international transportation of goods and examines new advances in freight transport models and data collection techniques and their applications in emerging countries. Emerging countries have unique transport-related policies, regulatory structures, logistics systems, and long-term uncertainties that hinder their economic development. This book tackles these issues by examining decision-making models for locating logistics sites such as ports and distribution centers, modeling urban freight movements in megacities and port cities, using existing datasets to get information when data is not available, implementing policies related to the national and international movements of goods, and more. Includes a wide variety of opinions and approaches from subject matter experts around the world Utilizes a case-based approach Includes a range of learning tools that feature chapter openers, end of chapter questions, a glossary, and more Examines new advances in freight transport models and data collection techniques

Intermodal Freight Transportation

Intermodal Freight Transportation Book
Author : Vasco Reis,Rosario Macario
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-08-28
ISBN : 0128144653
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Intermodal Freight Transportation conceptualizes intermodal transport as a set of physical, logical, financial and contractual flows, examining the barriers that impact intermodal freight services and the resulting performance variables. The book covers transport modes, agents, supply and demand patterns, key drivers, trends influencing the freight transportation sector, the evolution of supply and logistics chains, and the impacts of technological advancements, such as autonomous vehicles and e-commerce. In addition, the book covers transport agents, such as shippers, freight forwarders, integrators, and customs, as well as the demand for freight transport services and the key properties of goods. Readers will find a variety of new tools for analyzing and building effective transport chains that addresses component technology, information, responsibility, and financing dimension, along with sections on key organizational, regulatory, infrastructure and technological barriers. The book concludes with a look into the future of the freight transport sector. Presents a step-by-step approach that introduces key topics for understanding efficient intermodal transportation Focuses on the concept of fitness between the modes of transport profiles Contains numerous, real-world case studies throughout Examines performance metrics

ICCOEE2020

ICCOEE2020 Book
Author : Bashar S. Mohammed,Nasir Shafiq,Shamsul Rahman M. Kutty,Hisham Mohamad,Abdul-Lateef Balogun
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-12-31
ISBN : 9813363118
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains papers presented in the 6th International Conference on Civil, Offshore & Environmental Engineering (ICCOEE2020) under the banner of World Engineering, Science & Technology Congress (ESTCON2020) will be held from 13th to 15th July 2021 at Borneo Convention Centre, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia. This proceeding contains papers presented by academics and industrial practitioners showcasing the latest advancements and findings in civil engineering areas with an emphasis on sustainability and the Industrial Revolution 4.0. The papers are categorized under the following tracks and topics of research: 1. Resilient Structures and Smart Materials 2. Advanced Construction and Building Information Modelling 3. Smart and Sustainable Infrastructure 4. Advanced Coastal and Offshore Engineering 5. Green Environment and Smart Water Resource Management Systems

Digital Transformation and Innovative Services for Business and Learning

Digital Transformation and Innovative Services for Business and Learning Book
Author : Sandhu, Kamaljeet
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2020-06-26
ISBN : 179985177X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In a world dependent on digital technologies, business corporations continually try to stay ahead of their competitors by adopting the most updated technology into their business processes. Many companies are adopting digital transformation models, data analytics, big data, data empowerment, and data sharing as key strategies and as service disruptors for information delivery and record management. Higher education institutions have adopted digital service innovation as a core to driving their business processes. Such services are key to ensuring efficiency and improving organizational performance. Digital Transformation and Innovative Services for Business and Learning is a collection of innovative research on the latest digital services and their role in supporting the digital transformation of businesses and education. While highlighting topics including brand equality, digital banking, and generational workforce, this book is ideally designed for managers, executives, IT consultants, industry professionals, academicians, researchers, and students.

Optimal Traffic Control

Optimal Traffic Control Book
Author : Slobodan Guberinic,Gordana Senborn,Bratislav Lazic
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2007-11-08
ISBN : 9781420062700
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Despite traffic circles, four-way stop signs, lights regulated by timers or sensors, and other methods, the management of urban intersections remains problematic. Consider that transportation systems have all the features of so-called complex systems: the great number of state and control variables, the presence of uncertainty and indeterminism, the complex interactions between subsystems, the necessity to optimize several optimization criteria, and active behavior of the controlled process, to name just a few. Therefore, a mathematical approach to these systems can resolve their complex issues more elegantly than other methods. Addressing both efficiency and traffic safety issues, Optimal Traffic Control: Urban Intersections examines the traffic control optimization problem and presents a novel solution method. Using an approach based on control theory, graph theory, and combinatorial optimization, the authors derive a full mathematical description of the traffic control problem and enumerate all combinatorial aspects. The result is a set of algorithmic solutions to various problems along with computer implementation that you can incorporate into real traffic control systems for immediate results. The book concludes by evaluating how the choice of a complete set of signal groups influences intersection performance. Although modern cities throughout the world have a unique character influenced by culture, geography, and population, most of them share one main feature: busy intersections and the issue of controlling the traffic traveling through them. The development of information technologies, especially computer and telecommunications techniques, has changed the complexity of the problem and influenced the development of new solutions. Clearly stating the issues and presenting a possible solution, this book shows you how to take full advantage of all the capabilities of microprocessor-based traffic signal controllers.

Traffic Information and Control

Traffic Information and Control Book
Author : Ruimin Li
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020
ISBN : 9781839530265
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Traffic Information and Control book written by Ruimin Li, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Traffic Management

Traffic Management Book
Author : Robin T. Underwood
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1990
ISBN : 9780949905451
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Traffic Management book written by Robin T. Underwood, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Intersections without Traffic Signals II

Intersections without Traffic Signals II Book
Author : Werner Brilon
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642845371
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In March 1988, an international workshop on intersections without traffic signals was held at the Ruhr-University in Bochum, Germany. The proceedings of this workshop were published by Springer 1). The workshop was performed in a very harmonious atmosphere, which stimulated the experts from different countries to communicate and exchange their ideas and experiences. The presentations and the written contributions documented the present state of technical solutions for design and engineering of unsi gnalized intersections both regarding scientific research and practical applications. Moreover, numerous unsolved problems were identified. Thus, the 1988 workshop stimulated new developments in the field of unsignalized inter sections in several countries. In the meantime, these investigations have lead to a remarkable progress. For example in Germany a new guideline for unsignalized cross intersections and T-junctions has been finished and is going to be introduced in 1991. New results on roundabout capacity have been worked out as well. Many particularly important developments were made in foreign countries. Especially in the United States, an increasing interest in this subject can be observed. In the annual meetings of the TRB, this item received great attention. Many research institutes in North America have concentrated their activities on that point. A new TRB-circular concerning unsignalized intersections is going to be published. It will contain a new procedure for four-way-stop-control intersections, which seems to be a special feature of North American traffic engineering. However, new results from the US for two-way-stop control intersections are available as well.

The Multi Agent Transport Simulation MATSim

The Multi Agent Transport Simulation MATSim Book
Author : Andreas Horni,Kai Nagel,Kay W. Axhausen
Publisher : Ubiquity Press
Release : 2016-08-10
ISBN : 190918876X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The MATSim (Multi-Agent Transport Simulation) software project was started around 2006 with the goal of generating traffic and congestion patterns by following individual synthetic travelers through their daily or weekly activity programme. It has since then evolved from a collection of stand-alone C++ programs to an integrated Java-based framework which is publicly hosted, open-source available, automatically regression tested. It is currently used by about 40 groups throughout the world. This book takes stock of the current status. The first part of the book gives an introduction to the most important concepts, with the intention of enabling a potential user to set up and run basic simulations. The second part of the book describes how the basic functionality can be extended, for example by adding schedule-based public transit, electric or autonomous cars, paratransit, or within-day replanning. For each extension, the text provides pointers to the additional documentation and to the code base. It is also discussed how people with appropriate Java programming skills can write their own extensions, and plug them into the MATSim core. The project has started from the basic idea that traffic is a consequence of human behavior, and thus humans and their behavior should be the starting point of all modelling, and with the intuition that when simulations with 100 million particles are possible in computational physics, then behavior-oriented simulations with 10 million travelers should be possible in travel behavior research. The initial implementations thus combined concepts from computational physics and complex adaptive systems with concepts from travel behavior research. The third part of the book looks at theoretical concepts that are able to describe important aspects of the simulation system; for example, under certain conditions the code becomes a Monte Carlo engine sampling from a discrete choice model. Another important aspect is the interpretation of the MATSim score as utility in the microeconomic sense, opening up a connection to benefit cost analysis. Finally, the book collects use cases as they have been undertaken with MATSim. All current users of MATSim were invited to submit their work, and many followed with sometimes crisp and short and sometimes longer contributions, always with pointers to additional references. We hope that the book will become an invitation to explore, to build and to extend agent-based modeling of travel behavior from the stable and well tested core of MATSim documented here.

World Report on Road Traffic Injury Prevention

World Report on Road Traffic Injury Prevention Book
Author : Marjorie Peden
Publisher : DIANE Publishing
Release : 2008-09-01
ISBN : 1437904068
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Every day thousands of people are killed and injured on our roads. Millions of people each year will spend long weeks in the hospital after severe crashes and many will never be able to live, work or play as they used to do. Current efforts to address road safety are minimal in comparison to this growing human suffering. This report presents a comprehensive overview of what is known about the magnitude, risk factors and impact of road traffic injuries, and about ways to prevent and lessen the impact of road crashes. Over 100 experts, from all continents and different sectors -- including transport, engineering, health, police, education and civil society -- have worked to produce the report. Charts and tables.

Traffic Control Systems Handbook

Traffic Control Systems Handbook Book
Author : United States. Federal Highway Administration
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1976
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This handbook, which was developed in recognition of the need for the compilation and dissemination of information on advanced traffic control systems, presents the basic principles for the planning, design, and implementation of such systems for urban streets and freeways. The presentation concept and organization of this handbook is developed from the viewpoint of systems engineering. Traffic control studies are described, and traffic control and surveillance concepts are reviewed. Hardware components are outlined, and computer concepts, and communication concepts are stated. Local and central controllers are described, as well as display, television and driver information systems. Available systems technology and candidate system definition, evaluation and implementation are also covered. The management of traffic control systems is discussed.

Interactive Collaborative Information Systems

Interactive Collaborative Information Systems Book
Author : Robert Babuška,Frans C.A. Groen
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2010-03-22
ISBN : 3642116884
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The increasing complexity of our world demands new perspectives on the role of technology in decision making. Human decision making has its li- tations in terms of information-processing capacity. We need new technology to cope with the increasingly complex and information-rich nature of our modern society. This is particularly true for critical environments such as crisis management and tra?c management, where humans need to engage in close collaborations with arti?cial systems to observe and understand the situation and respond in a sensible way. We believe that close collaborations between humans and arti?cial systems will become essential and that the importance of research into Interactive Collaborative Information Systems (ICIS) is self-evident. Developments in information and communication technology have ra- cally changed our working environments. The vast amount of information available nowadays and the wirelessly networked nature of our modern so- ety open up new opportunities to handle di?cult decision-making situations such as computer-supported situation assessment and distributed decision making. To make good use of these new possibilities, we need to update our traditional views on the role and capabilities of information systems. The aim of the Interactive Collaborative Information Systems project is to develop techniques that support humans in complex information en- ronments and that facilitate distributed decision-making capabilities. ICIS emphasizes the importance of building actor-agent communities: close c- laborations between human and arti?cial actors that highlight their comp- mentary capabilities, and in which task distribution is ?exible and adaptive.

Global Status Report on Road Safety 2018

Global Status Report on Road Safety 2018 Book
Author : World Health Organization
Publisher : World Health Organization
Release : 2019-01-10
ISBN : 9241565683
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Global Status Report on Road Safety 2018, launched by WHO in December 2018, highlights that the number of annual road traffic deaths has reached 1.35 million. Road traffic injuries are now the leading killer of people aged 5-29 years.The burden is disproportionately borne by pedestrians, cyclists and motorcyclists, in particular those living in developing countries. The report suggests that the price paid for mobility is too high, especially because proven measures exist. Drastic action is needed to put these measures in place to meet any future global target that might be set and save lives.

Recent Advances in Traffic Engineering for Transport Networks and Systems

Recent Advances in Traffic Engineering for Transport Networks and Systems Book
Author : Elżbieta Macioszek,Grzegorz Sierpiński
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-08-01
ISBN : 3319640844
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a collation of numerous valuable guidelines for making decisions based on recent advances and improvement of transport systems. Offering know-how and discussing practical examples as well as decision-making support systems it is of interest of those who face the challenge of seeking solutions to contemporary transport system problems on a daily basis, including local authorities involved in planning and preparation of development strategies for specific transport related areas (in both urban and regional dimension) as well as representatives of business and industry who participate directly in the implementation of traffic engineering solutions. The guidelines are provided in individual chapters, making it possible to address the given problem in an advanced manner and simplify the choice of appropriate strategies (including those related to increasing competitiveness of public transport; identifying bus lines to potentially be serviced by electric buses; pedestrian traffic solutions; developing bike-sharing systems; safety conditions in road tunnels; integrating supply chains or route planning support by means of technologically advanced systems and applications). On the other hand, since the book also addresses the new approach to theoretical models (including traffic flow surveys and measurements, transport behaviours, capacity models, delay modelling and road condition modelling), it appeals to researchers and scientists studying this body of problems. The book entitled Recent Advances in Traffic Engineering for Transport Networks and Systems includes selected papers submitted to and presented at the 14th Scientific and Technical Conference “Transport Systems. Theory and Practice” organised by the Department of Transport Systems and Traffic Engineering at the Faculty of Transport of the Silesian University of Technology. The conference was held on 18–20 September 2017 in Katowice (Poland).

Recent Advances in Reinforcement Learning

Recent Advances in Reinforcement Learning Book
Author : Leslie Pack Kaelbling
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2007-08-28
ISBN : 0585336563
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent Advances in Reinforcement Learning addresses current research in an exciting area that is gaining a great deal of popularity in the Artificial Intelligence and Neural Network communities. Reinforcement learning has become a primary paradigm of machine learning. It applies to problems in which an agent (such as a robot, a process controller, or an information-retrieval engine) has to learn how to behave given only information about the success of its current actions. This book is a collection of important papers that address topics including the theoretical foundations of dynamic programming approaches, the role of prior knowledge, and methods for improving performance of reinforcement-learning techniques. These papers build on previous work and will form an important resource for students and researchers in the area. Recent Advances in Reinforcement Learning is an edited volume of peer-reviewed original research comprising twelve invited contributions by leading researchers. This research work has also been published as a special issue of Machine Learning (Volume 22, Numbers 1, 2 and 3).