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Gis And Geostatistical Techniques For Groundwater Science

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GIS and Geostatistical Techniques for Groundwater Science

GIS and Geostatistical Techniques for Groundwater Science Book
Author : Dr. Senapathi Venkatramanan,Dr. Prasanna Mohan Viswanathan,Sang Yong Chung
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-05-28
ISBN : 0128154144
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

GIS and Geostatistical Techniques for Groundwater Science provides a detailed synthesis of the application of GIS and geostatistics in groundwater studies. As the book illustrates, GIS can be a powerful tool for developing solutions for water resource problems, assessing water quality, and managing water resources. Beginning with an introduction to the history of GIS and geostatistical techniques in groundwater studies, the book then describes various spatial techniques, including case studies for various applications, from quality assessment, to resource management. This book assembles the most up-to-date techniques in GIS and geostatistics as they relate to groundwater, one of our most important natural resources. Provides details on the application of GIS and statistics in groundwater studies Includes practical coverage of the use of spatial analysis techniques in groundwater science Bridges the gap between geostatistics and GIS as it relates to groundwater science and management Offers worldwide case studies to illustrate various techniques and applications in addressing groundwater issues

Geostatistics and Geospatial Technologies for Groundwater Resources in India

Geostatistics and Geospatial Technologies for Groundwater Resources in India Book
Author : Partha Pratim Adhikary,Pravat Kumar Shit,Priyabrata Santra,Gouri Sankar Bhunia,Ashwani Kumar Tiwari,B. S. Chaudhary
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-02-26
ISBN : 3030623971
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers essential information on geospatial technologies for water resource management and highlights the latest GIS and geostatistics techniques as they relate to groundwater. Groundwater is inarguably India's single most important natural resource. It is the foundation of millions of Indian farmers' livelihood security and the primary source of drinking water for a vast majority of Indians in rural and urban areas. The prospects of continued high rates of growth in the Indian economy will, to a great extent, depend on how judiciously we can manage groundwater in the years to come. Over the past three decades, India has emerged as by far the single largest consumer of groundwater in the world. Though groundwater has made the country self-sufficient in terms of food, we face a crisis of dwindling water tables and declining water quality. Deep drilling by tube wells, which was once part of the solution to water shortages, is now in danger of becoming part of the problem. Consequently, we urgently need to focus our efforts on the sustainable and equitable management of groundwater. Addressing that need, this book presents novel advances in and applications of RS–GIS and geostatistical techniques to the research community in a precise and straightforward manner.

Geographical Information System and Crime Mapping

Geographical Information System and Crime Mapping Book
Author : Monika Kannan,Mehtab Singh
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-11-29
ISBN : 1000225976
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Geographical Information System and Crime Mapping features a diverse array of Geographic Information System (GIS) applications in crime analysis, from general issues such as GIS as a communication process, interjurisdictional mapping and data sharing to specific applications in tracking serial killers and predicting violence-prone zones. It supports readers in developing and implementing crime mapping techniques. The distribution of crime is explained with reference to theories of human ecology, transport network, built environment, housing markets, and forms of urban management, including policing. Concepts are supported with relevant case studies and real-time crime data to illustrate concepts and applications of crime mapping. Aimed at senior undergraduate, graduate students, professionals in GIS, Crime Analysis, Spatial Analysis, Ergonomics and human factors, this book: Provides an update of GIS applications for crime mapping studies Highlights growing potential of GIS for crime mapping, monitoring, and reduction through developing and implementing crime mapping techniques Covers Operational Research, Spatial Regression model, Point Analysis and so forth Builds models helpful in police patrolling, surveillance and crime mapping from a technology perspective Includes a dedicated section on case studies including exercises and data samples

Essential Tools for Water Resources Analysis Planning and Management

Essential Tools for Water Resources Analysis  Planning  and Management Book
Author : Omid Bozorg-Haddad
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-05-25
ISBN : 9813342951
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes concepts and tools needed for water resources management, including methods for modeling, simulation, optimization, big data analysis, data mining, remote sensing, geographical information system, game theory, conflict resolution, System dynamics, agent-based models, multiobjective, multicriteria, and multiattribute decision making and risk and uncertainty analysis, for better and sustainable management of water resources and consumption, thus mitigating the present and future global water shortage crisis. It presents the applications of these tools through case studies which demonstrate its benefits of proper management of water resources systems. This book acts as a reference for students, professors, industrial practitioners, and stakeholders in the field of water resources and hydrology.

Groundwater Geochemistry

Groundwater Geochemistry Book
Author : Sughosh Madhav,Pardeep Singh
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-06-14
ISBN : 1119709709
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains both practical and theoretical aspects of groundwater resources relating to geochemistry. Focusing on recent research in groundwater resources, this book helps readers to understand the hydrogeochemistry of groundwater resources. Dealing primarily with the sources of ions in groundwater, the book describes geogenic and anthropogenic input of ions into water. Different organic, inorganic and emerging contamination and salinity problems are described, along with pollution-related issues affecting groundwater. New trends in groundwater contamination remediation measures are included, which will be particularly useful to researchers working in the field of water conservation. The book also contains diverse groundwater modelling examples, enabling a better understanding of water-related issues and their management. Groundwater Geochemistry: Pollution and Remediation offers the reader: An understanding of the quantitative and qualitative challenges of groundwater resources An introduction to the environmental geochemistry of groundwater resources A survey of groundwater pollution-related issues Recent trends in groundwater conservation and remediation Mathematical and statistical modeling related to groundwater resources Students, lecturers and researchers working in the fields of hydrogeochemistry, water pollution and groundwater will find Groundwater Geochemistry an essential companion.

Groundwater and Society

Groundwater and Society Book
Author : Pravat Kumar Shit,Gouri Sankar Bhunia,Partha Pratim Adhikary,Ch. Jyotiprava Dash
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-03-12
ISBN : 3030641368
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume advances the scientific understanding, development, and application of geospatial technologies related to groundwater resource management, mapping, monitoring, and modelling using up-to-date remote sensing and GIS techniques. The book further provides a critical analysis of the debates and discourses surrounding groundwater resources and society, illustrates the relationship between groundwater resources and precision agriculture for societal development, and describes novel, region-specific management strategies and techniques for sustainability with case studies. The book is organized into three parts: (I) Groundwater resources and societal development; (II) Groundwater availability, quality and pollution; and (III) Sustainable groundwater resources management. Each section begins with a short introduction that includes an overview of the papers in that section. Individual chapters focus on the core themes of research and knowledge along with some topics that have received lesser attention. The book will be of interest to water resource planners and decision-makers, academic researchers, policy makers, NGOs, and academic researchers and students in Geography, Geophysics, Hydrology, Remote Sensing & GIS, Agriculture, Soil Science, and Agronomy.

Climate Change Impact on Groundwater Resources

Climate Change Impact on Groundwater Resources Book
Author : Balamurugan Panneerselvam,Chaitanya Baliram Pande,Kirubakaran Muniraj,Anand Balasubramanian,Nagavinothini Ravichandran
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-08-24
ISBN : 3031047079
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume discusses climate change impacts on groundwater quality in arid and semi-arid regions, and provides human health risk assessments due to pollution of surface and groundwater. The book presents recent trends in monitoring groundwater management and implementing pollution mitigation strategies, including practices involving remote sensing and GIS techniques, entropy water quality index, weighted arithmetic water quality index, fuzzy logic applications, and improved irrigation methods. The book also outlines hydrological processes in arid and semi-arid regions and hydrochemical properties of surface and groundwater as a necessary background for understanding how pollution impacts groundwater quality and resources, and how geographical modeling of hydrological processes can aid in human health risk assessments. The book is intended for academics, administrators, policymakers, social scientists, and professionals involved in the various aspects of climate change impact on groundwater quality, hydrological process, pollution mitigation strategies, sustainable development, and environmental planning and management.

Modeling and Simulation of Environmental Systems

Modeling and Simulation of Environmental Systems Book
Author : Satya Prakash Maurya,Akhilesh Kumar Yadav,Ramesh Singh
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2022-09-01
ISBN : 1000626636
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents an overview of modeling and simulation of environmental systems via diverse research problems and pertinent case studies. It is divided into four parts covering sustainable water resources modeling, air pollution modeling, Internet of Things (IoT) based applications in environmental systems, and future algorithms and conceptual frameworks in environmental systems. Each of the chapters demonstrate how the models, indicators, and ecological processes could be applied directly in the environmental sub-disciplines. It includes range of concepts and case studies focusing on a holistic management approach at the global level for environmental practitioners. Features: Covers computational approaches as applied to problems of air and water pollution domain. Delivers generic methods of modeling with spatio-temporal analyses using soft computation and programming paradigms. Includes theoretical aspects of environmental processes with their complexity and programmable mathematical approaches. Adopts a realistic approach involving formulas, algorithms, and techniques to establish mathematical models/computations. Provides a pathway for real-time implementation of complex modeling problem formulations including case studies. This book is aimed at researchers, professionals and graduate students in Environmental Engineering, Computational Engineering/Computer Science, Modeling/Simulation, Environmental Management, Environmental Modeling and Operations Research.

Urban Water Crisis and Management

Urban Water Crisis and Management Book
Author : Arun Lal Srivastav,Sughosh Madhav,Abhishek Kumar Bhardwaj,Eugenia Valsami-Jones
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-07-29
ISBN : 0323912931
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Urban Water Crisis and Management: Strategies for Sustainable Development, Sixth Edition presents solutions for the current challenges of urban water and management strategies. Through contributed chapters, a framework is laid out for a reduction of the use of groundwater (heavily overused as a solution) and the alternative options for the supply of water to cities, or for urban water. Sections discuss urban water, its problems and management approaches, address the root causes of the water crisis in urban areas, and cover the scientific and technical knowledge necessary to manage water resources. Significant gaps between developed and developing nations in the procedure of water management are also addressed, along with practical information regarding recycling and the reuse of wastewater which is useful as baseline data for the future. Presents the quantitative study of water supply in urban areas, identifies water scarcity in megacities, and provides management approaches for sustainable development Identifies technology and the instruments required for the management and safe supply of water Includes case studies where these technologies have been successfully used

Sustainable Energy Water Environment Nexus in Deserts

Sustainable Energy Water Environment Nexus in Deserts Book
Author : Essam Heggy,Veronica Bermudez,Marc Vermeersch
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-05-27
ISBN : 3030760812
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses challenges and opportunities in the Energy-Water-Environment (EWE) nexus, with a particular focus on research and technology development requirements in harsh desert climates. Its chapters include selected contributions presented during the 1st international conference on sustainable Energy-Water-Environment nexus in desert climates (ICSEWEN-19) held at the Qatar Environment and Energy Research Institute (QEERI) in Doha, Qatar in December 2019. This volume is comprised of three main chapters, each describing important case studies and progress on water, energy and environmental questions. A fourth chapter on policies and community outreach on these three areas is also included. This compilation aims to bridge the gap between research and industry to address the socioeconomic impacts of the nexus imbalance as perceived by scientists, industrial partners, and policymakers. The content of this book is of particular importance to graduate students, researchers and decision makers interested in understanding water, energy and environmental challenges in arid areas. Re searchers in environmental and civil engineering, chemistry, hydrology and environmental science can also find unique in-situ observations of the current nexus imbalance in deserts climate to validate their investigations. It is also an invaluable guide for industry professionals working in water, energy, environment and food sectors to understand the rapidly evolving landscape of the EWE nexus in arid areas. The analyses, observations and lessons-learned summarized herein are applicable to other arid areas outside North Africa and the Arabian Peninsula as well, such as central Australia, the southwest of the United States and deserts in central Asia.

Groundwater Management and Resources

Groundwater Management and Resources Book
Author : Bahareh Kalantar
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2021-12-08
ISBN : 1838810641
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses theoretical and technical innovations in water resource management. Chapters cover such topics as groundwater recharging technology, cumulative groundwater impact assessment, depletion and deterioration of groundwater, and identification of water inrush using various multiple non-linear machine learning models. Also discussed are the evaluation of rainfall time series and the use of fractal analysis. Finally, the book contains information on the governance crisis and governability of the use of groundwater in arid zones.

Contamination of Water

Contamination of Water Book
Author : Arif Ahamad,Sharf Elahi Siddiqui,Pardeep Singh
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-08-16
ISBN : 0128240598
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Contamination of Water: Health Risk Assessment and Treatment Strategies takes an interconnected look at various pollutants, sources of contamination, the effects of contamination on aquatic ecosystems and human health, and potential mitigation strategies. The book begins by examining the sources of potential contamination, including the current scenario of dyes, heavy metals, pesticides and oils contamination as well as regions impacted due to industrialization, mining or urbanization. It then analyzes various methods of water contamination, assesses health risk and adverse effects on those impacted, and concludes with an exploration of efficient, low-cost treatment technologies that remove toxic pollutants from the water. This book incorporates both theoretical and practical information that will be useful for researchers, professors, graduate students and professionals working on water contamination, environmental and health impacts, and the management and treatment of water resources. Provides practical case studies of various types of contamination and sources in different regions Offers an overview of inorganic and organic contaminants and their impact on human health Evaluates several low-cost, efficient and effective water treatment technologies to remove toxins from water and minimize risk

Spatial Modeling in GIS and R for Earth and Environmental Sciences

Spatial Modeling in GIS and R for Earth and Environmental Sciences Book
Author : Hamid Reza Pourghasemi,Candan Gokceoglu
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-01-18
ISBN : 0128156953
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Spatial Modeling in GIS and R for Earth and Environmental Sciences offers an integrated approach to spatial modelling using both GIS and R. Given the importance of Geographical Information Systems and geostatistics across a variety of applications in Earth and Environmental Science, a clear link between GIS and open source software is essential for the study of spatial objects or phenomena that occur in the real world and facilitate problem-solving. Organized into clear sections on applications and using case studies, the book helps researchers to more quickly understand GIS data and formulate more complex conclusions. The book is the first reference to provide methods and applications for combining the use of R and GIS in modeling spatial processes. It is an essential tool for students and researchers in earth and environmental science, especially those looking to better utilize GIS and spatial modeling. Offers a clear, interdisciplinary guide to serve researchers in a variety of fields, including hazards, land surveying, remote sensing, cartography, geophysics, geology, natural resources, environment and geography Provides an overview, methods and case studies for each application Expresses concepts and methods at an appropriate level for both students and new users to learn by example

Application of Microbes in Environmental and Microbial Biotechnology

Application of Microbes in Environmental and Microbial Biotechnology Book
Author : Inamuddin,Mohd Imran Ahamed,Ram Prasad
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-01-03
ISBN : 9811622256
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This comprehensive edited book on microbial prospective discusses the innovative approaches and investigation strategies, as well as provides a broad spectrum of the cutting-edge research on the processing, properties and technological developments of microbial products and their applications. Microbes finds very important applications in our lives including industries and food processing. They are widely used in the fermentation of beverages, processing of dairy products, production of pharmaceuticals, chemicals, enzymes, proteins and biomaterials; conversion of biomass into fuel, fuel cell technology, health and environmental sectors. Some of these products are produced commercially, while others are potentially valuable in biotechnology. Microorganisms are considered invaluable in research as model organisms. This is a useful compilation for students and researchers in microbiology, biotechnology and chemical industries.

Groundwater Quality

Groundwater Quality Book
Author : Harriet Nash,G.J. McCall
Publisher : Springer
Release : 1994-10-31
ISBN : 0412586207
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Groundwater quality monitoring and testing is of paramount importance both in the developed and developing world. This book presents a series of papers illustrating the varied nature of current research into groundwater quality. Urban and rural supplies are covered through a case history approach, and the importance of remedial action to prevent deterioration is emphasized.

GIS and Geocomputation for Water Resource Science and Engineering

GIS and Geocomputation for Water Resource Science and Engineering Book
Author : Barnali Dixon,Venkatesh Uddameri
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-02-08
ISBN : 1118354133
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

GIS and Geocomputation for Water Resource Science and Engineering not only provides a comprehensive introduction to the fundamentals of geographic information systems but also demonstrates how GIS and mathematical models can be integrated to develop spatial decision support systems to support water resources planning, management and engineering. The book uses a hands-on active learning approach to introduce fundamental concepts and numerous case-studies are provided to reinforce learning and demonstrate practical aspects. The benefits and challenges of using GIS in environmental and water resources fields are clearly tackled in this book, demonstrating how these technologies can be used to harness increasingly available digital data to develop spatially-oriented sustainable solutions. In addition to providing a strong grounding on fundamentals, the book also demonstrates how GIS can be combined with traditional physics-based and statistical models as well as information-theoretic tools like neural networks and fuzzy set theory.

Case Studies in Geospatial Applications to Groundwater Resources

Case Studies in Geospatial Applications to Groundwater Resources Book
Author : Pravat Kumar Shit,Gouri Sankar Bhunia,Partha Pratim Adhikary
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-08-01
ISBN : 0323999646
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Case Studies in Geospatial Applications to Groundwater Resources provides thorough the most up-to-date techniques in GIS and geostatistics as they relate to groundwater, through detailed case studies that prove real-world applications of remote sensing applications to this subject. Groundwater is the primary source of fresh water in many parts of the world, while come regions are becoming overly dependent on it, consuming groundwater faster than it is naturally replenished and causing water tables to decline unremittingly. India is the largest user of groundwater in the world followed by China and the USA, with developing countries using groundwater at an unsustainable rate. Systematic planning of groundwater usage using modern techniques is essential for the proper utilization, management and modeling of this precious but shrinking natural resource. With the advent of powerful and highspeed personal computers, efficient techniques for water management have evolved, of which remote sensing, GIS (Geographic Information Systems), GPS (Global Positioning Systems) and Geostatistical techniques are of great significance. This book advances the scientific understanding, development, and application of geospatial technologies related to water resource management. Case Studies in Geospatial Applications to Groundwater Resources is a valuable reference for researchers and postgraduate students in Earth and Environmental Sciences, especially GIS, agriculture, hydrology, natural resources, and soil science, who need to be able to apply the latest technologies in groundwater research in a practical manner. Provides detailed case studies on groundwater resources around the world, including regions with highest groundwater resource use Covers modern remote sensing and geostatistical technique-based groundwater resource mapping, monitoring, and modelling Describes novel region-specific management strategies and techniques for sustainability with case studies to illustrate effectiveness Includes practical coverage of the use of geospatial analysis techniques in groundwater resources

ArcGIS for Environmental and Water Issues

ArcGIS for Environmental and Water Issues Book
Author : William Bajjali
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-11-24
ISBN : 3319611585
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This textbook is a step-by-step tutorial on the applications of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) in environmental and water resource issues. It provides information about GIS and its applications, specifically using the most advanced ESRI GIS technology and its extensions. Eighteen chapters cover GIS applications in the field of earth sciences and water resources in detail from the ground up. Author William Bajjali explains what a GIS is and what it is used for, the basics of map classification, data acquisition, coordinate systems and projections, vectorization, geodatabase and relational database, data editing, geoprocessing, suitability modeling, working with raster, watershed delineation, mathematical and statistical interpolation, and more advanced techniques, tools and extensions such as ArcScan, Topology, Geocoding, Hydrology, Geostatistical Analyst, Spatial Analyst, Network Analyst, 3-D Analyst. ArcPad, ESRI’s cutting-edge mobile GIS software, is covered in detail as well. Each chapter contains concrete case studies and exercises – many from the author’s own work in the United States and Middle East. This volume is targeted toward advanced undergraduates, but could also be useful for professionals and for anyone who utilizes GIS or practices spatial analysis in relation to geology, hydrology, ecology, and environmental sciences. Exercises and supplementary material can be downloaded by chapter here: https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007%2F978-3-319-61158-7

Introduction to Geostatistics

Introduction to Geostatistics Book
Author : P. K. Kitanidis
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 1997-05-13
ISBN : 9780521587471
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This presents practical techniques for interpolation and estimation problems when analysing data from field observations.

Soil and Groundwater Remediation Technologies

Soil and Groundwater Remediation Technologies Book
Author : Yong Sik Ok,Jörg Rinklebe,Deyi Hou,Daniel C.W. Tsang,Filip M.G. Tack
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-04-14
ISBN : 1000046966
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers various soil and water treatment technologies due to increasing global soil and water pollution. In many countries, the management of contaminated land has matured, and it is developing in many others. Topics covered include chemical and ecological risk assessment of contaminated sites; phytomanagement of contaminants; arsenic removal; selection and technology diffusion; technologies and socio-environmental management; post-remediation long-term management; soil and groundwater laws and regulations; and trace element regulation limits in soil. Future prospects of soil and groundwater remediation are critically discussed in this book. Hence, readers will learn to understand the future prospects of soil and groundwater contaminants and remediation measures. Key Features: Discusses conventional and novel aspects of soil and groundwater remediation technologies Includes new monitoring/sensing technologies for soil and groundwater pollution Features a case study of remediation of contaminated sites in the old, industrial, Ruhr area in Germany Highlights soil washing, soil flushing, and stabilization/solidification Presents information on emerging contaminants that exhibit new challenges This book is designed for undergraduate and graduate courses and can be used as a handbook for researchers, policy makers, and local governmental institutes. Soil and Groundwater Remediation Technologies: A Practical Guide is written by a team of leading global experts in the field.