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Gibbs Entropic Paradox And Problems Of Separation Processes

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Gibbs Entropic Paradox and Problems of Separation Processes

Gibbs  Entropic Paradox and Problems of Separation Processes Book
Author : Eugene Barsky
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-03-22
ISBN : 0444639209
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Gibbs' Entropic Paradox and Problems of Separation Processes reviews the so-called Gibb’s Paradox observed during the mixing of two systems. During the last 150 years, many physicists and specialists in thermodynamics, statistical and quantum mechanics been engaged in the solution of the Gibbs paradox. Many books and journal articles have written on this topic, but a widely accepted answer is still lacking. In this book, the author reviews and analyzes all this data. Based on findings, the book formulates a different approach to this paradox and substantiates it on the basis of physical and statistical principles. The book clearly shows that entropy consists of two parts, static and dynamic. Up to now, entropy has been connected only with the process dynamics. However, the Gibbs paradox is caused by the change in the static component of entropy. Finally, the book includes examples of separation processes and how to optimize them in various fields, including biology, cosmology, crystallography and the social sciences. Provides a precise definition of entropy and allows the formulation of criteria for optimization of separation processes Explains the role of entropy in many processes, facilitating an in-depth analysis and understanding of complicated systems and processes Provides solutions to scientific and applied problems in various scientific disciplines related to separation processes Elucidates entropy’s role in many separation systems

Entropy of Complex Processes and Systems

Entropy of Complex Processes and Systems Book
Author : Eugene Barsky
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-07-21
ISBN : 0128225394
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Entropy of Complex Processes and Systems formalizes our understanding of many complex processes, including the development of the methodology of analytical computation of complex processes as applied in many industries, such as ore processing, or more generally, in areas of natural sciences. The adequacy of the results of these calculations is confirmed by numerous experimental data obtained both on pilots and industrial facilities. The book also provides a thorough analysis of the underlying physical foundations of entropy performed from new standpoints that are of interest to theoreticians studying contemporary expositions. Provides methodologies for controlling and optimizing complex processes in branches of industry that involve transformation of materials or substances Describes entropy as the universal characteristic of a stochastic process independent of the system Introduces a new definition of entropy specifically related to dynamical phenomena

A TEXTBOOK OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS

A TEXTBOOK OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS Book
Author : K. V. NARAYANAN
Publisher : PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
Release : 2013-01-11
ISBN : 8120347471
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Designed as an undergraduate-level textbook in Chemical Engineering, this student-friendly, thoroughly class-room tested book, now in its second edition, continues to provide an in-depth analysis of chemical engineering thermodynamics. The book has been so organized that it gives comprehensive coverage of basic concepts and applications of the laws of thermodynamics in the initial chapters, while the later chapters focus at length on important areas of study falling under the realm of chemical thermodynamics. The reader is thus introduced to a thorough analysis of the fundamental laws of thermodynamics as well as their applications to practical situations. This is followed by a detailed discussion on relationships among thermodynamic properties and an exhaustive treatment on the thermodynamic properties of solutions. The role of phase equilibrium thermodynamics in design, analysis, and operation of chemical separation methods is also deftly dealt with. Finally, the chemical reaction equilibria are skillfully explained. Besides numerous illustrations, the book contains over 200 worked examples, over 400 exercise problems (all with answers) and several objective-type questions, which enable students to gain an in-depth understanding of the concepts and theory discussed. The book will also be a useful text for students pursuing courses in chemical engineering-related branches such as polymer engineering, petroleum engineering, and safety and environmental engineering. New to This Edition • More Example Problems and Exercise Questions in each chapter • Updated section on Vapour–Liquid Equilibrium in Chapter 8 to highlight the significance of equations of state approach • GATE Questions up to 2012 with answers

Encyclopedia of Polymer Blends Volume 3

Encyclopedia of Polymer Blends  Volume 3 Book
Author : Avraam I. Isayev
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-06-07
ISBN : 3527653996
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A complete and timely overview of the topic, this Encyclopedia imparts knowledge of fundamental principles and their applications for academicians, scientists and researchers, while informing engineers, industrialists and entrepreneurs of the current state of the technology and its utilization. The most comprehensive source on polymer blends available on the market Offers a complete and timely overview of the topic Each article presents up to date research & development on a topic and its basic principles and applications, integrates case studies, laboratory and pilot plant experiments, and gives due reference to published and patented literature Equips academics, scientists and researchers with knowledge of fundamentals principles and their applications, and informs the engineers, industrialists and entrepreneurs about the state of the art technology and its applications

Reductionism Emergence and Levels of Reality

Reductionism  Emergence and Levels of Reality Book
Author : Sergio Chibbaro,Lamberto Rondoni,Angelo Vulpiani
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-05-13
ISBN : 3319063618
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Scientists have always attempted to explain the world in terms of a few unifying principles. In the fifth century B.C. Democritus boldly claimed that reality is simply a collection of indivisible and eternal parts or atoms. Over the centuries his doctrine has remained a landmark, and much progress in physics is due to its distinction between subjective perception and objective reality. This book discusses theory reduction in physics, which states that the whole is nothing more than the sum of its parts: the properties of things are directly determined by their constituent parts. Reductionism deals with the relation between different theories that address different levels of reality, and uses extrapolations to apply that relation in different sciences. Reality shows a complex structure of connections, and the dream of a unified interpretation of all phenomena in several simple laws continues to attract anyone with genuine philosophical and scientific interests. If the most radical reductionist point of view is correct, the relationship between disciplines is strictly inclusive: chemistry becomes physics, biology becomes chemistry, and so on. Eventually, only one science, indeed just a single theory, would survive, with all others merging in the Theory of Everything. Is the current coexistence of different sciences a mere historical venture which will end when the Theory of Everything has been established? Can there be a unified description of nature? Rather than an analysis of full reductionism, this book focuses on aspects of theory reduction in physics and stimulates reflection on related questions: is there any evidence of actual reduction? Are the examples used in the philosophy of science too simplistic? What has been endangered by the search for (the) ultimate truth? Has the dream of reductionist reason created any monsters? Is big science one such monster? What is the point of embedding science Y within science X, if predictions cannot be made on that basis?

Quantum Theory Concepts and Methods

Quantum Theory  Concepts and Methods Book
Author : A. Peres
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-06-01
ISBN : 0306471205
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There are many excellent books on quantum theory from which one can learn to compute energy levels, transition rates, cross sections, etc. The theoretical rules given in these books are routinely used by physicists to compute observable quantities. Their predictions can then be compared with experimental data. There is no fundamental disagreement among physicists on how to use the theory for these practical purposes. However, there are profound differences in their opinions on the ontological meaning of quantum theory. The purpose of this book is to clarify the conceptual meaning of quantum theory, and to explain some of the mathematical methods which it utilizes. This text is not concerned with specialized topics such as atomic structure, or strong or weak interactions, but with the very foundations of the theory. This is not, however, a book on the philosophy of science. The approach is pragmatic and strictly instrumentalist. This attitude will undoubtedly antagonize some readers, but it has its own logic: quantum phenomena do not occur in a Hilbert space, they occur in a laboratory.

Challenges to The Second Law of Thermodynamics

Challenges to The Second Law of Thermodynamics Book
Author : Vladislav Capek,Daniel P. Sheehan
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-03-30
ISBN : 1402030169
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The advance of scienti?c thought in ways resembles biological and geologic transformation: long periods of gradual change punctuated by episodes of radical upheaval. Twentieth century physics witnessed at least three major shifts — relativity, quantum mechanics and chaos theory — as well many lesser ones. Now, st early in the 21 , another shift appears imminent, this one involving the second law of thermodynamics. Over the last 20 years the absolute status of the second law has come under increased scrutiny, more than during any other period its 180-year history. Since the early 1980’s, roughly 50 papers representing over 20 challenges have appeared in the refereed scienti?c literature. In July 2002, the ?rst conference on its status was convened at the University of San Diego, attended by 120 researchers from 25 countries (QLSL2002) [1]. In 2003, the second edition of Le?’s and Rex’s classic anthology on Maxwell demons appeared [2], further raising interest in this emerging ?eld. In 2004, the mainstream scienti?c journal Entropy published a special edition devoted to second law challenges [3]. And, in July 2004, an echo of QLSL2002 was held in Prague, Czech Republic [4]. Modern second law challenges began in the early 1980’s with the theoretical proposals of Gordon and Denur. Starting in the mid-1990’s, several proposals for experimentally testable challenges were advanced by Sheehan, et al. By the late 1990’s and early 2000’s, a rapid succession of theoretical quantum mechanical ? challenges were being advanced by C ́ apek, et al.

High Dimensional Probability

High Dimensional Probability Book
Author : Roman Vershynin
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2018-09-27
ISBN : 1108415199
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An integrated package of powerful probabilistic tools and key applications in modern mathematical data science.

Mathematical Reviews

Mathematical Reviews Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Mathematical Reviews book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Law of Mass Action

The Law of Mass Action Book
Author : Andrei B. Koudriavtsev,Reginald F. Jameson,Wolfgang Linert
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-06-27
ISBN : 3642567703
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

'Why are atoms so small?' asks 'naive physicist' in Erwin Schrodinger's book 'What is Life? The Physical Aspect of the Living Cell'. 'The question is wrong' answers the author, 'the actual problem is why we are built of such an enormous number of these particles'. The idea that everything is built of atoms is quite an old one. It seems that l Democritus himself borrowed it from some obscure Phoenician source . The arguments for the existence of small indivisible units of matter were quite simple. 2 According to Lucretius observable matter would disappear by 'wear and tear' (the world exists for a sufficiently long, if not infinitely long time) unless there are some units which cannot be further split into parts. th However, in the middle of the 19 century any reference to the atomic structure of matter was considered among European physicists as a sign of extremely bad taste and provinciality. The hypothesis of the ancient Greeks (for Lucretius had translated Epicurean philosophy into Latin hexameters) was at that time seen as bringing nothing positive to exact science. The properties of gaseous, liquid and solid bodies, as well as the behaviour of heat and energy, were successfully described by the rapidly developing science of thermodynamics.

The Problems of Philosophy

The Problems of Philosophy Book
Author : Bertrand Russell
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2001
ISBN : 0192854232
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This work, originally published in 1912, is an introduction to the theory of philosophical enquiry. It gives Russell's views on such subjects as the distinction between appearance and reality and the existence and nature of matter.

From Microphysics to Macrophysics

From Microphysics to Macrophysics Book
Author : Roger Balian
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-06-26
ISBN : 3540454802
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This popular, often cited text returns in a softcover edition to provide a thorough introduction to statistical physics and thermodynamics, and to exhibit the universal chain of ideas leading from the laws of microphysics to the macroscopic behaviour of matter. A wide range of applications illustrates the concepts, and many exercises reinforce understanding. Volume II applies statistical methods to systems governed by quantum effects, in particular to solid state physics, explaining properties due to the crystal structure or to the lattice excitations or to the electrons. The last chapters are devoted to non-equilibrium processes and to kinetic equations, with many applications included.

Feynman Lectures On Computation

Feynman Lectures On Computation Book
Author : Richard P. Feynman
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-07-03
ISBN : 0429980078
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

When, in 1984?86, Richard P. Feynman gave his famous course on computation at the California Institute of Technology, he asked Tony Hey to adapt his lecture notes into a book. Although led by Feynman, the course also featured, as occasional guest speakers, some of the most brilliant men in science at that time, including Marvin Minsky, Charles Bennett, and John Hopfield. Although the lectures are now thirteen years old, most of the material is timeless and presents a ?Feynmanesque? overview of many standard and some not-so-standard topics in computer science such as reversible logic gates and quantum computers.

Computational Thermodynamics of Materials

Computational Thermodynamics of Materials Book
Author : Zi-Kui Liu,Yi Wang
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2016-06-24
ISBN : 0521198968
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Integrates fundamental concepts with experimental data and practical applications, including worked examples and end-of-chapter problems.

Lectures on Gas Theory

Lectures on Gas Theory Book
Author : Ludwig Boltzmann
Publisher : Courier Corporation
Release : 2012-08-15
ISBN : 0486152332
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A masterpiece of theoretical physics, this classic contains a comprehensive exposition of the kinetic theory of gases. It combines rigorous mathematic analysis with a pragmatic treatment of physical and chemical applications.

Handbook of Industrial Crystallization

Handbook of Industrial Crystallization Book
Author : Allan Myerson
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2002-01-08
ISBN : 9780080533513
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Crystallization is an important separation and purification process used in industries ranging from bulk commodity chemicals to specialty chemicals and pharmaceuticals. In recent years, a number of environmental applications have also come to rely on crystallization in waste treatment and recycling processes. The authors provide an introduction to the field of newcomers and a reference to those involved in the various aspects of industrial crystallization. It is a complete volume covering all aspects of industrial crystallization, including material related to both fundamentals and applications. This new edition presents detailed material on crystallization of biomolecules, precipitation, impurity-crystal interactions, solubility, and design. Provides an ideal introduction for industrial crystallization newcomers Serves as a worthwhile reference to anyone involved in the field Covers all aspects of industrial crystallization in a single, complete volume

Molecular Dynamics Simulations in Statistical Physics Theory and Applications

Molecular Dynamics Simulations in Statistical Physics  Theory and Applications Book
Author : Hiqmet Kamberaj
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-03-20
ISBN : 3030357023
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents computer simulations using molecular dynamics techniques in statistical physics, with a focus on macromolecular systems. The numerical methods are introduced in the form of computer algorithms and can be implemented in computers using any desired computer programming language, such as Fortran 90, C/C++, and others. The book also explains how some of these numerical methods and their algorithms can be implemented in the existing computer programming software of macromolecular systems, such as the CHARMM program. In addition, it examines a number of advanced concepts of computer simulation techniques used in statistical physics as well as biological and physical systems. Discussing the molecular dynamics approach in detail to enhance readers understanding of the use of this method in statistical physics problems, it also describes the equations of motion in various statistical ensembles to mimic real-world experimental conditions. Intended for graduate students and research scientists working in the field of theoretical and computational biophysics, physics and chemistry, the book can also be used by postgraduate students of other disciplines, such as applied mathematics, computer sciences, and bioinformatics. Further, offering insights into fundamental theory, it as a valuable resource for expert practitioners and programmers and those new to the field.

Thermodynamics of Energy Conversion and Transport

Thermodynamics of Energy Conversion and Transport Book
Author : Stanislaw Sieniutycz,Alexis De Vos
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461212863
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Scientists and engineers are nowadays faced with the problem of optimizing complex systems subject to constraints from, ecology, economics, and thermodynamics. It is chiefly to the last of these that this volume is addressed. Intended for physicists, chemists, and engineers, the book uses examples from solar, thermal, mechanical, chemical, and environmental engineering to focus on the use of thermodynamic criteria for optimizing energy conversion and transmission. The early chapters centre on solar energy conversion, the second section discusses the transfer and conversion of chemical energy, while the concluding chapters deal with geometric methods in thermodynamics.

Statistical Physics

Statistical Physics Book
Author : Roberto Piazza
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-10-21
ISBN : 3319445375
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book, provides a general introduction to the ideas and methods of statistical mechanics with the principal aim of meeting the needs of Master’s students in chemical, mechanical, and materials science engineering. Extensive introductory information is presented on many general physics topics in which students in engineering are inadequately trained, ranging from the Hamiltonian formulation of classical mechanics to basic quantum mechanics, electromagnetic fields in matter, intermolecular forces, and transport phenomena. Since engineers should be able to apply physical concepts, the book also focuses on the practical applications of statistical physics to material science and to cutting-edge technologies, with brief but informative sections on, for example, interfacial properties, disperse systems, nucleation, magnetic materials, superfluidity, and ultralow temperature technologies. The book adopts a graded approach to learning, the opening four basic-level chapters being followed by advanced “starred” sections in which special topics are discussed. Its relatively informal style, including the use of musical metaphors to guide the reader through the text, will aid self-learning.