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Geophysical Data Analysis

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Geophysical Data Analysis Discrete Inverse Theory

Geophysical Data Analysis  Discrete Inverse Theory Book
Author : William Menke
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0323141285
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Geophysical Data Analysis: Discrete Inverse Theory is an introductory text focusing on discrete inverse theory that is concerned with parameters that either are truly discrete or can be adequately approximated as discrete. Organized into 12 chapters, the book’s opening chapters provide a general background of inverse problems and their corresponding solution, as well as some of the basic concepts from probability theory that are applied throughout the text. Chapters 3-7 discuss the solution of the canonical inverse problem, that is, the linear problem with Gaussian statistics, and discussions on problems that are non-Gaussian and nonlinear are covered in Chapters 8 and 9. Chapters 10-12 present examples of the use of inverse theory and a discussion on the numerical algorithms that must be employed to solve inverse problems on a computer. This book is of value to graduate students and many college seniors in the applied sciences.

Geophysical Data Analysis

Geophysical Data Analysis Book
Author : William Menke
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-04-10
ISBN : 0128135565
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Geophysical Data Analysis: Diverse Inverse Theory, Fourth Edition is a revised and expanded introduction to inverse theory and tomography as it is practiced by geophysicists. It demonstrates the methods needed to analyze a broad spectrum of geophysical datasets, with special attention to those methods that generate images of the earth. Data analysis can be a mathematically complex activity, but the treatment in this volume is carefully designed to emphasize those mathematical techniques that readers will find the most familiar and to systematically introduce less-familiar ones. Using problems and case studies, along with MATLAB computer code and summaries of methods, the book provides data scientists and engineers in geophysics with the tools necessary to understand and apply mathematical techniques and inverse theory. Includes material on probability, including Bayesian influence, probability density function and metropolis algorithm Offers detailed discussion of the application of inverse theory to tectonic, gravitational and geomagnetic studies Contains numerous examples, color figures and end-of-chapter homework problems to help readers explore and further understand presented ideas Includes MATLAB examples and problem sets Updated and refined throughout to bring the text in line with current understanding and improved examples and case studies Expanded sections to cover material, such as second-derivation smoothing and chi-squared tests not covered in the previous edition

Geophysical Data Analysis Understanding Inverse Problem Theory and Practice

Geophysical Data Analysis  Understanding Inverse Problem Theory and Practice Book
Author : Max A. Meju
Publisher : SEG Books
Release : 1994
ISBN : 156080257X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This publication is designed to provide a practical understanding of methods of parameter estimation and uncertainty analysis. The practical problems covered range from simple processing of time- and space-series data to inversion of potential field, seismic, electrical, and electromagnetic data. The various formulations are reconciled with field data in the numerous examples provided in the book; well-documented computer programmes are also given to show how easy it is to implement inversion algorithms.

Geophysical Data Analysis

Geophysical Data Analysis Book
Author : William Menke
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0123971608
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Please use extracts from reviews of first edition Key Features * Updated and thoroughly revised edition * additional material on geophysical/acoustic tomography * Detailed discussion of application of inverse theory to tectonic, gravitational and geomagnetic studies

Geophysical Data Analysis

Geophysical Data Analysis Book
Author : Max A. Meju
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1994
ISBN : 9780931830488
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Geophysical data analysis is a very practical subject and this book is intended to be a simple guide to the techniques of parameter estimation and error analysis. I have placed emphasis on the reconciliation of theory and practical data to enable the reader understand how to tackle typical problems in data analysis. It is hoped that a mastery of the simple techniques described in this book will inspire confidence in the reader to consult the more classical treatment of the subject. It is pertinent to mention that this book developed out of a highly successful course of the same title given to senior undergraduate geophysics students in Leicester University since 1988 and its popularity stems from the structured learning programs and the simple effective practical approach to geophysical inversion. The course is given in the first semester to provide students with the basic tools for quantitative analysis of geoscientific data and consists of 10 lectures and practical sessions involving the materials given in Chapters 1 to 9 in this book. Chapter 10 derives from topical issues of research interest to me and my induction courses for postgraduate students in geophysics and the industry. The contents of this book are easily digestible and require little statistical or mathematical commitment.

Statistical Methods of Geophysical Data Processing

Statistical Methods of Geophysical Data Processing Book
Author : Vladimir Troyan
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2010
ISBN : 9814293741
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This textbook contains a consideration of the wide field of problems connected with statistical methods of processing of observed data, with the main examples and considered models related to geophysics and seismic exploration. This textbook will be particularly helpful to students and professionals from various fields of physics, connected with an estimation of the parameters of the physical objects by experimental data. The reader can also find many important topics, which are the basis for statistical methods of estimation and inverse problem solutions.

Data Analysis Methods in Physical Oceanography

Data Analysis Methods in Physical Oceanography Book
Author : William J. Emery,Richard E. Thomson
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2001
ISBN : 9780444507563
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Data Analysis Methods in Physical Oceanography is a practical reference guide to established and modern data analysis techniques in earth and ocean sciences. This second and revised edition is even more comprehensive with numerous updates, and an additional appendix on 'Convolution and Fourier transforms'. Intended for both students and established scientists, the five major chapters of the book cover data acquisition and recording, data processing and presentation, statistical methods and error handling, analysis of spatial data fields, and time series analysis methods. Chapter 5 on time series analysis is a book in itself, spanning a wide diversity of topics from stochastic processes and stationarity, coherence functions, Fourier analysis, tidal harmonic analysis, spectral and cross-spectral analysis, wavelet and other related methods for processing nonstationary data series, digital filters, and fractals. The seven appendices include unit conversions, approximation methods and nondimensional numbers used in geophysical fluid dynamics, presentations on convolution, statistical terminology, and distribution functions, and a number of important statistical tables. Twenty pages are devoted to references. Featuring: • An in-depth presentation of modern techniques for the analysis of temporal and spatial data sets collected in oceanography, geophysics, and other disciplines in earth and ocean sciences. • A detailed overview of oceanographic instrumentation and sensors - old and new - used to collect oceanographic data. • 7 appendices especially applicable to earth and ocean sciences ranging from conversion of units, through statistical tables, to terminology and non-dimensional parameters. In praise of the first edition: "(...)This is a very practical guide to the various statistical analysis methods used for obtaining information from geophysical data, with particular reference to oceanography(...) The book provides both a text for advanced students of the geophysical sciences and a useful reference volume for researchers." Aslib Book Guide Vol 63, No. 9, 1998 "(...)This is an excellent book that I recommend highly and will definitely use for my own research and teaching." EOS Transactions, D.A. Jay, 1999 "(...)In summary, this book is the most comprehensive and practical source of information on data analysis methods available to the physical oceanographer. The reader gets the benefit of extremely broad coverage and an excellent set of examples drawn from geographical observations." Oceanography, Vol. 12, No. 3, A. Plueddemann, 1999 "(...)Data Analysis Methods in Physical Oceanography is highly recommended for a wide range of readers, from the relative novice to the experienced researcher. It would be appropriate for academic and special libraries." E-Streams, Vol. 2, No. 8, P. Mofjelf, August 1999

Solar geophysical Data

Solar geophysical Data Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1992
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Solar geophysical Data book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Fundamentals of Geophysical Data Processing

Fundamentals of Geophysical Data Processing Book
Author : Jon F. Claerbout
Publisher : McGraw-Hill Companies
Release : 1976
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Fundamentals of Geophysical Data Processing book written by Jon F. Claerbout, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Preliminary Geomathematical Analysis of Geological Mineral Occurrence and Geophysical Data Southern District of Keewatin Northwest Territories

Preliminary Geomathematical Analysis of Geological  Mineral Occurrence and Geophysical Data  Southern District of Keewatin  Northwest Territories Book
Author : F. P. Agterberg
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1981
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Preliminary Geomathematical Analysis of Geological Mineral Occurrence and Geophysical Data Southern District of Keewatin Northwest Territories book written by F. P. Agterberg, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Deconvolution and Inverse Theory

Deconvolution and Inverse Theory Book
Author : V. Dimri
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 1483291375
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the first study to present simultaneously both deconvolution and inversion, two powerful tools of data analysis. Featured within this volume are various geophysical convolution models and a treatment of deconvolution for a time-varying signal. The single channel time-varying deconvolution is shown equivalent to the multichannel time-invariant deconvolution, thus a formalism and associated algorithms can handle both. Inverse theory as well as various inversion schemes are presented on the basis of a relationship between a small perturbation to the model and its effects on the observation. The information theory inversion scheme is discussed, and several types of norm of minimization presented. Additionally, concepts and results of inverse theory are applied to design a new deconvolution operator for estimating magnetization and density distribution, and the constraint of the Backus-Gilbert formalism of inverse theory is used to design a new prediction error filter for maximum entropy spectral estimates. Maximum likelihood, another high resolution method is also presented. This volume can be utilised as a graduate-level text for courses in Geophysics. Some chapters will be of use for graduate courses in Applied Mathematics, Applied Statistics, and Oceanography.

Geophysical Inversion Theory and Global Optimization Methods

Geophysical Inversion Theory and Global Optimization Methods Book
Author : Caiyun Liu,Jie Xiong
Publisher : Scientific Research Publishing, Inc. USA
Release : 2018-04-01
ISBN : 1618965263
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Geophysical inversion is an ill-posed problem. Classical local search method for inversion is depend on initial guess and easy to be trapped in local optimum. The global optimization is a group of novel methods to deal with the problems mentioned above. The book introduces the geophysical inversion theory, including the classical solving approaches firstly. Then, it introduces several typical global inversion approaches including particle swarm optimization (PSO), differential evolution (DE), and multiobjective optimization methods, as well as some examples to inverse the geophysical data, such as gravity, MT sounding, well logging, self-potential, seismic data, using these global optimization approaches.

Advances in Geophysical Methods Applied to Forensic Investigations

Advances in Geophysical Methods Applied to Forensic Investigations Book
Author : Giovanni Leucci
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-05-07
ISBN : 3030462420
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a general introduction to the most important geophysical exploration methods and their application to forensic sciences. It describes physical principles, campaign procedures and processing, as well as interpretation techniques, while also highlighting new acquisition and data analysis procedures. A large section of the book is devoted to applications, from measurements to the interpretation of data. Further, the book shows how to design and perform a forensic survey, and offers guidance on selecting the best method for the problem at hand, and on selecting the best type of data acquisition and processing. Written in straightforward language and chiefly intended as an introductory text for students in several scientific fields, the book also offers a useful guide for specialists who want to expand their expertise in this fascinating discipline.

Modern Spectral Analysis with Geophysical Applications

Modern Spectral Analysis with Geophysical Applications Book
Author : Markus Båth
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1995
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Modern Spectral Analysis with Geophysical Applications book written by Markus Båth, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Practical and Theoretical Aspects of Geological Interpretation of Gravitational Magnetic and Electric Fields

Practical and Theoretical Aspects of Geological Interpretation of Gravitational  Magnetic and Electric Fields Book
Author : Danis Nurgaliev,Natalia Khairullina
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-02-01
ISBN : 3319976702
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume offers an overview of the state-of-the-art theoretical and practical approaches currently used for geophysical data interpretation. It includes new methods and techniques for solving data processing problems, and an analysis of geopotential fields by international researchers. It discusses topics such as: 1. Theoretical issues of interpretation of gravitational, magnetic and electric fields, including general methods of interpreting potential fields and other geophysical data. 2. Modern algorithms and computer technologies for interpretating geophysical fields. 3. The study of Earth deep structure using terrestrial and satellite potential field anomalies. 4. Geological interpretation of gravitational, magnetic and electric fields. This proceedings book is of interest to all geophysical researchers.

Near Surface Applied Geophysics

Near Surface Applied Geophysics Book
Author : Mark E. Everett
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2013-04-25
ISBN : 1107018773
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A refreshing, up-to-date exploration of the latest developments in near-surface techniques, for advanced-undergraduate and graduate students, and professionals.

Digital Processing of Geophysical Data

Digital Processing of Geophysical Data Book
Author : Roy O. Lindseth
Publisher : SEG Books
Release : 1982
ISBN : 0931830508
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This publication originated in 1967 as a few notes to accompany a basic seminar for the Canadian SEG and expanded in 1968 into an SEG Continuing Education course. Old and new information about geophysical data processing is consolidated in this edition. How to choose processes and parameters for any given field data is shown.

Symposium on Machine Processing of Remotely Sensed Data

Symposium on Machine Processing of Remotely Sensed Data Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1976
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Symposium on Machine Processing of Remotely Sensed Data book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Computational Neural Networks for Geophysical Data Processing

Computational Neural Networks for Geophysical Data Processing Book
Author : M.M. Poulton
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2001-06-13
ISBN : 9780080529653
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book was primarily written for an audience that has heard about neural networks or has had some experience with the algorithms, but would like to gain a deeper understanding of the fundamental material. For those that already have a solid grasp of how to create a neural network application, this work can provide a wide range of examples of nuances in network design, data set design, testing strategy, and error analysis. Computational, rather than artificial, modifiers are used for neural networks in this book to make a distinction between networks that are implemented in hardware and those that are implemented in software. The term artificial neural network covers any implementation that is inorganic and is the most general term. Computational neural networks are only implemented in software but represent the vast majority of applications. While this book cannot provide a blue print for every conceivable geophysics application, it does outline a basic approach that has been used successfully.