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Geophysical Data Analysis

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Geophysical Data Analysis Discrete Inverse Theory

Geophysical Data Analysis  Discrete Inverse Theory Book
Author : William Menke
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0323141285
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Geophysical Data Analysis: Discrete Inverse Theory is an introductory text focusing on discrete inverse theory that is concerned with parameters that either are truly discrete or can be adequately approximated as discrete. Organized into 12 chapters, the book’s opening chapters provide a general background of inverse problems and their corresponding solution, as well as some of the basic concepts from probability theory that are applied throughout the text. Chapters 3-7 discuss the solution of the canonical inverse problem, that is, the linear problem with Gaussian statistics, and discussions on problems that are non-Gaussian and nonlinear are covered in Chapters 8 and 9. Chapters 10-12 present examples of the use of inverse theory and a discussion on the numerical algorithms that must be employed to solve inverse problems on a computer. This book is of value to graduate students and many college seniors in the applied sciences.

Geophysical Data Analysis Understanding Inverse Problem Theory and Practice

Geophysical Data Analysis  Understanding Inverse Problem Theory and Practice Book
Author : Max A. Meju
Publisher : SEG Books
Release : 1994
ISBN : 156080257X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This publication is designed to provide a practical understanding of methods of parameter estimation and uncertainty analysis. The practical problems covered range from simple processing of time- and space-series data to inversion of potential field, seismic, electrical, and electromagnetic data. The various formulations are reconciled with field data in the numerous examples provided in the book; well-documented computer programmes are also given to show how easy it is to implement inversion algorithms.

Essentials of Geophysical Data Processing

Essentials of Geophysical Data Processing Book
Author : Clark R. Wilson
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2021-10-31
ISBN : 1108931006
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Concise, self-contained survey of data processing methods in geophysics and other sciences, for upper level science and engineering students.

Seismic Data Analysis

Seismic Data Analysis Book
Author : Özdoğan Yilmaz,Ozdogan Yilmaz,Stephen M. Doherty
Publisher : SEG Books
Release : 2001
ISBN : 1560800941
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Öz Yilmaz has expanded his original volume on processing to include inversion and interpretation of seismic data. In addition to the developments in all aspects of conventional processing, this two-volume set represents a comprehensive and complete coverage of the modern trends in the seismic industry-from time to depth, from 3-D to 4-D, from 4-D to 4-C, and from isotropy to anisotropy.

Fundamentals of Geophysical Data Processing

Fundamentals of Geophysical Data Processing Book
Author : Jon F. Claerbout
Publisher : McGraw-Hill Companies
Release : 1976
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Fundamentals of Geophysical Data Processing book written by Jon F. Claerbout, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Data Analysis Methods in Physical Oceanography

Data Analysis Methods in Physical Oceanography Book
Author : Richard E. Thomson,William J. Emery
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2001-04-03
ISBN : 0080477003
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Data Analysis Methods in Physical Oceanography is a practical reference guide to established and modern data analysis techniques in earth and ocean sciences. This second and revised edition is even more comprehensive with numerous updates, and an additional appendix on 'Convolution and Fourier transforms'. Intended for both students and established scientists, the five major chapters of the book cover data acquisition and recording, data processing and presentation, statistical methods and error handling, analysis of spatial data fields, and time series analysis methods. Chapter 5 on time series analysis is a book in itself, spanning a wide diversity of topics from stochastic processes and stationarity, coherence functions, Fourier analysis, tidal harmonic analysis, spectral and cross-spectral analysis, wavelet and other related methods for processing nonstationary data series, digital filters, and fractals. The seven appendices include unit conversions, approximation methods and nondimensional numbers used in geophysical fluid dynamics, presentations on convolution, statistical terminology, and distribution functions, and a number of important statistical tables. Twenty pages are devoted to references. Featuring: • An in-depth presentation of modern techniques for the analysis of temporal and spatial data sets collected in oceanography, geophysics, and other disciplines in earth and ocean sciences. • A detailed overview of oceanographic instrumentation and sensors - old and new - used to collect oceanographic data. • 7 appendices especially applicable to earth and ocean sciences ranging from conversion of units, through statistical tables, to terminology and non-dimensional parameters. In praise of the first edition: "(...)This is a very practical guide to the various statistical analysis methods used for obtaining information from geophysical data, with particular reference to oceanography(...) The book provides both a text for advanced students of the geophysical sciences and a useful reference volume for researchers." Aslib Book Guide Vol 63, No. 9, 1998 "(...)This is an excellent book that I recommend highly and will definitely use for my own research and teaching." EOS Transactions, D.A. Jay, 1999 "(...)In summary, this book is the most comprehensive and practical source of information on data analysis methods available to the physical oceanographer. The reader gets the benefit of extremely broad coverage and an excellent set of examples drawn from geographical observations." Oceanography, Vol. 12, No. 3, A. Plueddemann, 1999 "(...)Data Analysis Methods in Physical Oceanography is highly recommended for a wide range of readers, from the relative novice to the experienced researcher. It would be appropriate for academic and special libraries." E-Streams, Vol. 2, No. 8, P. Mofjelf, August 1999

Seismic Data Analysis Techniques in Hydrocarbon Exploration

Seismic Data Analysis Techniques in Hydrocarbon Exploration Book
Author : Enwenode Onajite
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-09-26
ISBN : 012420029X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Seismic Data Analysis Techniques in Hydrocarbon Exploration explains the fundamental concepts and skills used to acquire seismic data in the oil industry and the step-by-step techniques necessary to extract the sections that trap hydrocarbons as well as seismic data interpretation skills. It enhances the ability to interpret seismic data and use that data for basin evaluation, structural modeling of a fault, reservoir characterization, rock physics analysis, field development, and production studies. Understanding and interpreting seismic data is critical to oil and gas exploration companies. Arming young geoscientists with a reference that covers the key principles of seismic data analysis will enhance their job knowledge, skills and performance. A fundamental grasp of seismic data enhances employability and aids scientists in functioning effectively when working with seismic data in industry. Edited by a team of petroleum geoscientists with more than 30 years of experience in hydrocarbon exploration and data analysis at O&G companies. More than 200 figures, photographs, and illustrations aid in the understanding of the fundamental concepts and techniques used to acquire seismic data Takes an easy-to-follow, step-by-step approach to presenting the techniques and skills used to extract the geologic sections from acquired seismic data. Enhances the geoscientist’s effectiveness when using seismic data for field development and other exploration and production studies

Spectral Analysis and Filter Theory in Applied Geophysics

Spectral Analysis and Filter Theory in Applied Geophysics Book
Author : Burkhard Buttkus
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 364257016X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This state-of-the-art survey serves as a complete overview of the subject. Besides the principles and theoretical foundations, emphasis is laid on practical applicability -- describing not only classical methods, but also modern developments and their applications. Students, researchers and practitioners, especially in the fields of data registration, treatment and evaluation, will find this a wealth of information.

Geophysical Potential Fields

Geophysical Potential Fields Book
Author : Lev Eppelbaum
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-07-18
ISBN : 0128116862
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Geophysical Potential Fields: Geological and Environmental Applications, Volume Two, investigates the similarities and differences of potential geophysical fields, including gravity, magnetics, temperature, resistivity and self-potential, along with the influence of noise on these fields. As part of the Computational Geophysics series, this volume provides computational examples and methods for effectively solving geophysical problems in a full cycle manner. Including both quantitative and qualitative analysis, the book offers different filtering and transformation procedures, integrated analysis, and special interpretation methodologies, also presenting a developed 3D algorithm for combined modeling of gravity and magnetic fields in complex environments. The book also includes applications of the unified potential field system, such as studying deep structure, searching hydrocarbon and ore deposits, localizing buried water horizons and rockslide areas, tectono-structural mapping of water basins, and classifying archaeological targets. It is an ideal and unique resource for geophysicists, exploration geologists, archaeologists and environmental scientists. Clearly demonstrates the successive stages of geophysical field analysis for different geological and environmental targets Provides a unified system for potential geophysical field analysis that is demonstrated by numerous examples of system application Demonstrates the possibilities for rapidly and effectively interpreting anomalies, receiving some knowledge of modern wavelet, diffusion maps and informational approach applications in geophysics, and combined gravity-magnetic methodology of 3D modeling Includes text of the Geological Space Field Calculation (GSFC) software intended for 3D combined modeling of gravity and magnetic fields in complex environments

Archaeological Spatial Analysis

Archaeological Spatial Analysis Book
Author : Mark Gillings,Piraye Hacıgüzeller,Gary Lock
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2020-01-16
ISBN : 1351243845
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Effective spatial analysis is an essential element of archaeological research; this book is a unique guide to choosing the appropriate technique, applying it correctly and understanding its implications both theoretically and practically. Focusing upon the key techniques used in archaeological spatial analysis, this book provides the authoritative, yet accessible, methodological guide to the subject which has thus far been missing from the corpus. Each chapter tackles a specific technique or application area and follows a clear and coherent structure. First is a richly referenced introduction to the particular technique, followed by a detailed description of the methodology, then an archaeological case study to illustrate the application of the technique, and conclusions that point to the implications and potential of the technique within archaeology. The book is designed to function as the main textbook for archaeological spatial analysis courses at undergraduate and post-graduate level, while its user-friendly structure makes it also suitable for self-learning by archaeology students as well as researchers and professionals.

Geophysical Data Analysis

Geophysical Data Analysis Book
Author : William Menke
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-04-10
ISBN : 0128135565
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Geophysical Data Analysis: Diverse Inverse Theory, Fourth Edition is a revised and expanded introduction to inverse theory and tomography as it is practiced by geophysicists. It demonstrates the methods needed to analyze a broad spectrum of geophysical datasets, with special attention to those methods that generate images of the earth. Data analysis can be a mathematically complex activity, but the treatment in this volume is carefully designed to emphasize those mathematical techniques that readers will find the most familiar and to systematically introduce less-familiar ones. Using problems and case studies, along with MATLAB computer code and summaries of methods, the book provides data scientists and engineers in geophysics with the tools necessary to understand and apply mathematical techniques and inverse theory. Includes material on probability, including Bayesian influence, probability density function and metropolis algorithm Offers detailed discussion of the application of inverse theory to tectonic, gravitational and geomagnetic studies Contains numerous examples, color figures and end-of-chapter homework problems to help readers explore and further understand presented ideas Includes MATLAB examples and problem sets Updated and refined throughout to bring the text in line with current understanding and improved examples and case studies Expanded sections to cover material, such as second-derivation smoothing and chi-squared tests not covered in the previous edition

Geophysical Data Analysis

Geophysical Data Analysis Book
Author : William Menke
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1989-10-04
ISBN : 0080507328
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Please use extracts from reviews of first edition Key Features * Updated and thoroughly revised edition * additional material on geophysical/acoustic tomography * Detailed discussion of application of inverse theory to tectonic, gravitational and geomagnetic studies

Active Geophysical Monitoring

Active Geophysical Monitoring Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-03-05
ISBN : 9780080914466
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Active geophysical monitoring is an important new method for studying time-evolving structures and states in the tectonically active Earth's lithosphere. It is based on repeated time-lapse observations and interpretation of rock-induced changes in geophysical fields periodically excited by controlled sources. In this book, the results of strategic systematic development and the application of new technologies for active geophysical monitoring are presented. The authors demonstrate that active monitoring may drastically change solid Earth geophysics, through the acquisition of substantially new information, based on high accuracy and real-time observations. Active monitoring also provides new means for disaster mitigation, in conjunction with substantial international and interdisciplinary cooperation. Introduction of a new concept Most experienced authors in the field Comprehensiveness

Enhance Oil and Gas Exploration with Data Driven Geophysical and Petrophysical Models

Enhance Oil and Gas Exploration with Data Driven Geophysical and Petrophysical Models Book
Author : Keith R. Holdaway,Duncan H. B. Irving
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-10-04
ISBN : 1119302587
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Leverage Big Data analytics methodologies to add value to geophysical and petrophysical exploration data Enhance Oil & Gas Exploration with Data-Driven Geophysical and Petrophysical Models demonstrates a new approach to geophysics and petrophysics data analysis using the latest methods drawn from Big Data. Written by two geophysicists with a combined 30 years in the industry, this book shows you how to leverage continually maturing computational intelligence to gain deeper insight from specific exploration data. Case studies illustrate the value propositions of this alternative analytical workflow, and in-depth discussion addresses the many Big Data issues in geophysics and petrophysics. From data collection and context through real-world everyday applications, this book provides an essential resource for anyone involved in oil and gas exploration. Recent and continual advances in machine learning are driving a rapid increase in empirical modeling capabilities. This book shows you how these new tools and methodologies can enhance geophysical and petrophysical data analysis, increasing the value of your exploration data. Apply data-driven modeling concepts in a geophysical and petrophysical context Learn how to get more information out of models and simulations Add value to everyday tasks with the appropriate Big Data application Adjust methodology to suit diverse geophysical and petrophysical contexts Data-driven modeling focuses on analyzing the total data within a system, with the goal of uncovering connections between input and output without definitive knowledge of the system's physical behavior. This multi-faceted approach pushes the boundaries of conventional modeling, and brings diverse fields of study together to apply new information and technology in new and more valuable ways. Enhance Oil & Gas Exploration with Data-Driven Geophysical and Petrophysical Models takes you beyond traditional deterministic interpretation to the future of exploration data analysis.

Geophysical Signal Analysis

Geophysical Signal Analysis Book
Author : Enders A. Robinson,Sven Treitel
Publisher : SEG Books
Release : 2000
ISBN : 1560801042
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This text, an introduction to geophysical signal analysis, is concerned with the construction, analysis, and interpretation of mathematical and statistical models. In general, it is intended to provide material of interest to upper undergraduate students in mathematics, science, and engineering. Much of this book requires only a knowledge of elementary algebra. However, at some points, a familiarity with elementary calculus and matrix algebra is needed. The practical use of the concepts and techniques developed is illustrated by numerous applications. Care has been taken to choose examples that are of interest to a variety of readers. Therefore, the book contains material of interest to both geophysicists and those engaged in digital signal analysis in disciplines other than geophysics. This book is a reprint of the 1980 Prentice-Hall volume of the same title.

Innovation in Near Surface Geophysics

Innovation in Near Surface Geophysics Book
Author : Raffaele Persico,Salvatore Piro,Neil Linford
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-10-05
ISBN : 012812430X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Innovation in Near-Surface Geophysics: Instrumentation, Application, and Data Processing Methods offers an advanced look at state-of-the-art and innovative technologies for near surface geophysics, exposing the latest, most effective techniques in an accessible way. By addressing a variety of geophysical applications, including cultural heritage, civil engineering, characteristics of soil, and others, the book provides an understanding of the best products and methodologies modern near surface geophysics has to offer. It proposes tips for new ideas and projects, and encourages collaboration across disciplines and techniques for the best implementation and results. Clearly organized, with contributions from leaders from throughout geophysics, Innovation in Near-Surface Geophysics is an important guide for geophysicists who hope to gain a better understanding of the tools and techniques available. Addresses a variety of applications in near-surface geophysics, including cultural heritage, civil engineering, soil analysis, etc. Provides insight to available products and techniques and offers suggestions for future developments Clearly organized by techniques and their applications

Computational Neural Networks for Geophysical Data Processing

Computational Neural Networks for Geophysical Data Processing Book
Author : M.M. Poulton
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2001-06-13
ISBN : 9780080529653
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book was primarily written for an audience that has heard about neural networks or has had some experience with the algorithms, but would like to gain a deeper understanding of the fundamental material. For those that already have a solid grasp of how to create a neural network application, this work can provide a wide range of examples of nuances in network design, data set design, testing strategy, and error analysis. Computational, rather than artificial, modifiers are used for neural networks in this book to make a distinction between networks that are implemented in hardware and those that are implemented in software. The term artificial neural network covers any implementation that is inorganic and is the most general term. Computational neural networks are only implemented in software but represent the vast majority of applications. While this book cannot provide a blue print for every conceivable geophysics application, it does outline a basic approach that has been used successfully.

Advances in Geophysical Methods Applied to Forensic Investigations

Advances in Geophysical Methods Applied to Forensic Investigations Book
Author : Giovanni Leucci
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-05-07
ISBN : 3030462420
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a general introduction to the most important geophysical exploration methods and their application to forensic sciences. It describes physical principles, campaign procedures and processing, as well as interpretation techniques, while also highlighting new acquisition and data analysis procedures. A large section of the book is devoted to applications, from measurements to the interpretation of data. Further, the book shows how to design and perform a forensic survey, and offers guidance on selecting the best method for the problem at hand, and on selecting the best type of data acquisition and processing. Written in straightforward language and chiefly intended as an introductory text for students in several scientific fields, the book also offers a useful guide for specialists who want to expand their expertise in this fascinating discipline.

Geophysical Data Analysis Discrete Inverse Theory

Geophysical Data Analysis  Discrete Inverse Theory Book
Author : William Menke
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012-06-26
ISBN : 0123977843
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since 1984, Geophysical Data Analysis has filled the need for a short, concise reference on inverse theory for individuals who have an intermediate background in science and mathematics. The new edition maintains the accessible and succinct manner for which it is known, with the addition of: MATLAB examples and problem sets Advanced color graphics Coverage of new topics, including Adjoint Methods; Inversion by Steepest Descent, Monte Carlo and Simulated Annealing methods; and Bootstrap algorithm for determining empirical confidence intervals Additional material on probability, including Bayesian influence, probability density function, and metropolis algorithm Detailed discussion of application of inverse theory to tectonic, gravitational and geomagnetic studies Numerous examples and end-of-chapter homework problems help you explore and further understand the ideas presented Use as classroom text facilitated by a complete set of exemplary lectures in Microsoft PowerPoint format and homework problem solutions for instructors

Time Series Analysis and Inverse Theory for Geophysicists

Time Series Analysis and Inverse Theory for Geophysicists Book
Author : David Gubbins
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2004-03-18
ISBN : 1316582930
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This unique textbook provides the foundation for understanding and applying techniques commonly used in geophysics to process and interpret modern digital data. The geophysicist's toolkit contains a range of techniques which may be divided into two main groups: processing, which concerns time series analysis and is used to separate the signal of interest from background noise; and inversion, which involves generating some map or physical model from the data. These two groups of techniques are normally taught separately, but are here presented together as parts I and II of the book. Part III describes some real applications and includes case studies in seismology, geomagnetism, and gravity. This textbook gives students and practitioners the theoretical background and practical experience, through case studies, computer examples and exercises, to understand and apply new processing methods to modern geophysical datasets. Solutions to the exercises are available on a website at http://publishing.cambridge.org/resources/0521819652