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Geometric Morphometrics For Biologists

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Geometric Morphometrics for Biologists

Geometric Morphometrics for Biologists Book
Author : Miriam Leah Zelditch,Donald L. Swiderski,H. David Sheets
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012-09-24
ISBN : 0123869048
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first edition of Geometric Morphometrics for Biologists has been the primary resource for teaching modern geometric methods of shape analysis to biologists who have a stronger background in biology than in multivariate statistics and matrix algebra. These geometric methods are appealing to biologists who approach the study of shape from a variety of perspectives, from clinical to evolutionary, because they incorporate the geometry of organisms throughout the data analysis. The second edition of this book retains the emphasis on accessible explanations, and the copious illustrations and examples of the first, updating the treatment of both theory and practice. The second edition represents the current state-of-the-art and adds new examples and summarizes recent literature, as well as provides an overview of new software and step-by-step guidance through details of carrying out the analyses. Contains updated coverage of methods, especially for sampling complex curves and 3D forms and a new chapter on applications of geometric morphometrics to forensics Offers a reorganization of chapters to streamline learning basic concepts Presents detailed instructions for conducting analyses with freely available, easy to use software Provides numerous illustrations, including graphical presentations of important theoretical concepts and demonstrations of alternative approaches to presenting results

Geometric Morphometrics for Biologists

Geometric Morphometrics for Biologists Book
Author : Miriam Leah Zelditch,Donald L. Swiderski,H. David Sheets
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012
ISBN : 012386903X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first edition of Geometric Morphometrics for Biologists has been the primary resource for teaching modern geometric methods of shape analysis to biologists who have a stronger background in biology than in multivariate statistics and matrix algebra. These geometric methods are appealing to biologists who approach the study of shape from a variety of perspectives, from clinical to evolutionary, because they incorporate the geometry of organisms throughout the data analysis. The second edition of this book retains the emphasis on accessible explanations, and the copious illustrations and examples of the first, updating the treatment of both theory and practice. The second edition represents the current state-of-the-art and adds new examples and summarizes recent literature, as well as provides an overview of new software and step-by-step guidance through details of carrying out the analyses. Contains updated coverage of methods, especially for sampling complex curves and 3D forms and a new chapter on applications of geometric morphometrics to forensics Offers a reorganization of chapters to streamline learning basic concepts Presents detailed instructions for conducting analyses with freely available, easy to use software Provides numerous illustrations, including graphical presentations of important theoretical concepts and demonstrations of alternative approaches to presenting results

Geometric Morphometrics for Biologists

Geometric Morphometrics for Biologists Book
Author : Miriam Leah Zelditch,Donald L. Swiderski,H. David Sheets,William L. Fink
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2004-07-21
ISBN : 0080521916
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Geometric Morphometrics for Biologists is an introductory textbook for a course on geometric morphometrics, written for graduate students and upper division undergraduates, covering both theory of shape analysis and methods of multivariate analysis. It is designed for students with minimal math background; taking them from the process of data collection through basic and more advanced statistical analyses. Many examples are given, beginning with simple although realistic case-studies, through examples of complex analyses requiring several different kinds of methods. The book also includes URL’s for free software and step-by-step instructions for using the software. * Accessible, student-tested introduction to sophisticated methods of biological shape analysis * Detailed instructions for conducting analyses with freely available, easy to use software * Numerous illustrations; including graphical presentations of important theoretical concepts and demonstrations of alternative approaches to presenting results * Many realistic examples, both simple and complex, from on-going research * Comprehensive glossary of technical terms

A Course in Morphometrics for Biologists

A Course in Morphometrics for Biologists Book
Author : Fred L. Bookstein
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2018-10-04
ISBN : 1107190940
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book frames and demonstrates the best of modern morphometric methods, bridging the gap between biostatistics and organismal biology.

Morphometrics with R

Morphometrics with R Book
Author : Julien Claude
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-12-15
ISBN : 0387777903
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book aims to explain how to use R to perform morphometrics. Morpho- tric analysis is the study of shape and size variations and covariations and their covariations with other variables. Morphometrics is thus deeply rooted within stat- tical sciences. While most applications concern biology, morphometrics is becoming common tools used in archeological, palaeontological, geographical, or medicine disciplines. Since the recent formalizations of some of the ideas of predecessors, such as D’arcy Thompson, and thanks to the development of computer techno- gies and new ways for appraising shape changes and variation, morphometrics have undergone, and are still undergoing, a revolution. Most techniques dealing with s- tistical shape analysis have been developed in the last three decades, and the number of publications using morphometrics is increasing rapidly. However, the majority of these methods cannot be implemented in available software and therefore prosp- tive students often need to acquire detailed knowledge in informatics and statistics before applying them to their data. With acceleration in the accumulation of me- ods accompanying the emerging science of statistical shape analysis, it is becoming important to use tools that allow some autonomy. R easily helps ful?ll this need. Risalanguage andenvironment forstatisticalcomputingandgraphics. Although there is an increasing number of computer applications that perform morphometrics, using R has several advantages that confer to users considerable power and possible new horizons in a world that requires rapid adaptability.

Morphometric Tools for Landmark Data

Morphometric Tools for Landmark Data Book
Author : Fred L. Bookstein,Bookstein Fred L.
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 1991
ISBN : 0521383854
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This first systematic survey of the subject combines multivariate statistical analysis, geometry, and biomathematics.

Modern Morphometrics in Physical Anthropology

Modern Morphometrics in Physical Anthropology Book
Author : Dennis E. Slice
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-06-01
ISBN : 0387276149
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Morphometrics has undergone a revolutionary transformation in the past two decades as new methods have been developed to address shortcomings in the traditional multivirate analysis of linear distances, angles, and indices. While there is much active research in the field, the new approaches to shape analysis are already making significant and ever-increasing contributions to biological research, including physical anthropology. Modern Morphometrics in Physical Anthropology highlights the basic machinery of the most important methods, while introducing novel extensions to these methods and illustrating how they provide enhanced results compared to more traditional approaches. Modern Morphometrics in Physical Anthropology provides a comprehensive sampling of the applications of modern, sophisticated methods of shape analysis in anthropology, and serves as a starting point for the exploration of these practices by students and researchers who might otherwise lack the local expertise or training to get started. This text is an important resource for the general morphometric community that includes ecologists, evolutionary biologists, systematists, and medical researchers.

Morphometrics

Morphometrics Book
Author : Ashraf M.T. Elewa
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-09
ISBN : 3662088657
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers a thorough and up-to-date treatment of the use of morphometric procedures in a wide variety of contexts. As one of the most dynamic and popular fields on the contemporary biological scene, morphometrics is gaining notice among researchers and students as a necessary complement to molecular studies in the understanding and maintenance of biodiversity. This is the first reference to meet that growing need.

Morphological Integration

Morphological Integration Book
Author : Everett C. Olson,Robert L. Miller
Publisher : University of Chicago Press
Release : 1999-10
ISBN : 9780226629056
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Despite recent advances in genetics, development, anatomy, systematics, and morphometrics, the synthesis of ideas and research agenda put forth in the classic Morphological Integration remains remarkably fresh, timely, and relevant. Pioneers in reexamining morphology, Everett Olson and Robert Miller were among the first to explore the concept of the integrated organism in both living and extinct populations. In a new foreword and afterword, biologists Barry Chernoff and Paul Magwene summarize the landmark achievements made by Olson and Miller and bring matters discussed in the book up to date, suggest new methods, and accentuate the importance of continued research in morphological integration. Everett C. Olson was a professor at the University of Chicago and at the University of California, Los Angeles. He was a former president of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology. Robert L. Miller was associate professor of geology at the University of Chicago, associate scientist in marine geology at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, and a member of the board of editors of the Journal of Geology.

Geometric Morphometrics for Biologists

Geometric Morphometrics for Biologists Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Geometric Morphometrics for Biologists book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Statistical Theory of Shape

The Statistical Theory of Shape Book
Author : Christopher G. Small
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461240328
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In general terms, the shape of an object, data set, or image can be de fined as the total of all information that is invariant under translations, rotations, and isotropic rescalings. Thus two objects can be said to have the same shape if they are similar in the sense of Euclidean geometry. For example, all equilateral triangles have the same shape, and so do all cubes. In applications, bodies rarely have exactly the same shape within measure ment error. In such cases the variation in shape can often be the subject of statistical analysis. The last decade has seen a considerable growth in interest in the statis tical theory of shape. This has been the result of a synthesis of a number of different areas and a recognition that there is considerable common ground among these areas in their study of shape variation. Despite this synthesis of disciplines, there are several different schools of statistical shape analysis. One of these, the Kendall school of shape analysis, uses a variety of mathe matical tools from differential geometry and probability, and is the subject of this book. The book does not assume a particularly strong background by the reader in these subjects, and so a brief introduction is provided to each of these topics. Anyone who is unfamiliar with this material is advised to consult a more complete reference. As the literature on these subjects is vast, the introductory sections can be used as a brief guide to the literature.

Advances in Morphometrics

Advances in Morphometrics Book
Author : Leslie F. Marcus,Marco Corti,Anna Loy,Gavin J. P. Naylor,Dennis E. Slice
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-11
ISBN : 147579083X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume is based on the NATO Advanced Study Institute, "Advances in Mor phometries" held in 11 Ciocco, Tuscany, Italy from July 18-30, 1993, and directed by Leslie F. Marcus. The "Advances in Morphometries" ASI was advertised in Nature and a number of professional journals. Announcements were sent to relevant institutions and departments throughout the world. Because NATO required that the majority of attendees be from NATO countries, the 71 persons attending represented nine NATO countries, four eastern European countries, now recognized as equal partners for AS Is, and a few participants from non-NATO countries. Participants were all active scholars in different disciplines within biology, as well as computer science, statistics, geology and paleontology. Their experience ranged from that of graduate students to senior faculty, as well as one emeritus scholar. A complete list of the those attending and their addresses, phone and FAX numbers and, where available, e-mail addresses is given in the participants list. All the local arrangements were made by Marco Corti and Anna Loy of the University of Rome "Ia Sapienza. " They made the initial contact with the II Ciocco conference center and then arranged for computer and Xerox rentals, design of logos, organization of posters, and publication of poster abstracts.

Morphometrics for Nonmorphometricians

Morphometrics for Nonmorphometricians Book
Author : Ashraf M.T. Elewa
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-06-09
ISBN : 3540958525
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This introduction to morphometrics does not rely on complex mathematics and statistics. It includes application case studies in fields ranging from paleontology to evolutionary ecology, and it discusses software for analyzing and comparing shape.

Morphological Plant Modeling Unleashing Geometric and Topological Potential within the Plant Sciences

Morphological Plant Modeling  Unleashing Geometric and Topological Potential within the Plant Sciences Book
Author : Alexander Bucksch,Dan Chitwood
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2017-10-13
ISBN : 2889452972
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An increasing population faces the growing demand for agricultural products and accurate global climate models that account for individual plant morphologies to predict favorable human habitat. Both demands are rooted in an improved understanding of the mechanistic origins of plant development. Such understanding requires geometric and topological descriptors to characterize the phenotype of plants and its link to genotypes. However, the current plant phenotyping framework relies on simple length and diameter measurements, which fail to capture the exquisite architecture of plants. The Research Topic “Morphological Plant Modeling: Unleashing Geometric and Topological Potential within the Plant Sciences” is the result of a workshop held at National Institute for Mathematical and Biological Synthesis (NIMBioS) in Knoxville, Tennessee. From 2.-4. September 2015 over 40 scientists from mathematics, computer science, engineering, physics and biology came together to set new frontiers in combining plant phenotyping with recent results from shape theory at the interface of geometry and topology. In doing so, the Research Topic synthesizes the views from multiple disciplines to reveal the potential of new mathematical concepts to analyze and quantify the relationship between morphological plant features. As such, the Research Topic bundles examples of new mathematical techniques including persistent homology, graph-theory, and shape statistics to tackle questions in crop breeding, developmental biology, and vegetation modeling. The challenge to model plant morphology under field conditions is a central theme of the included papers to address the problems of climate change and food security, that require the integration of plant biology and mathematics from geometry and topology research applied to imaging and simulation techniques. The introductory white paper written by the workshop participants identifies future directions in research, education and policy making to integrate biological and mathematical approaches and to strengthen research at the interface of both disciplines.

Advanced Imaging in Biology and Medicine

Advanced Imaging in Biology and Medicine Book
Author : Ch.W. Sensen,Benedikt Hallgrimsson
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-12-03
ISBN : 3540689931
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A picture says more than a thousand words. This is something that we all know to be true. Imaging has been important since the early days of medicine and bi- ogy, as seen in the anatomical studies of Leonardo Da Vinci or Andreas Vesalius. More than 100 years ago, the ?rst noninvasive imaging technologies, such as K- rad Roentgen’s X-ray technology,were applied to the medical ?eld—and while still crude—revolutionized medical diagnosis. Today, every patient will be exposed to some kind of advanced imaging technology such as medical resonance imaging, computed tomography or four-dimensional ultrasound during their lifetime. Many diseases, such as brain tumors, are initially diagnosed solely by imaging, and most of the surgical planning relies on the patient imagery. 4D ultrasound is available to expecting parents who wish to create unique early memories of the new baby, and it may soon be used for the morphometric diagnosis of malformations that may one day be treatable—inutero! Light and electron microscopy are unequal brethren, which have contributed to most of our knowledge about the existence and organization of cells, tissues and microorganisms. Every student of biology or medicine is introduced to the fascinating images of the microcosm. New advances have converted these im- ing technologies, which were considered by many to be antiquated, into powerful tools for research in systems biology and related ?elds.

Evolution of the Rodents

Evolution of the Rodents Book
Author : Philip G. Cox,Lionel Hautier
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2015-08-31
ISBN : 1107044332
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A valuable resource for the latest research on rodents, highlighting links across palaeontology, developmental biology, functional morphology, phylogenetics and biomechanics.

Shrews Chromosomes and Speciation

Shrews  Chromosomes and Speciation Book
Author : Jeremy B. Searle,P. David Polly,Jan Zima
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2019-02-28
ISBN : 110701137X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Presents new insights into speciation through an in-depth analysis of extraordinary chromosomal variation in one species written by leading experts.

Origination of Organismal Form

Origination of Organismal Form Book
Author : Gerd B. Muller,Stuart A. Newman
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2003-01-03
ISBN : 9780262134194
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A more comprehensive version of evolutionary theory that focuses as much on the origin of biological form as on its diversification. The field of evolutionary biology arose from the desire to understand the origin and diversity of biological forms. In recent years, however, evolutionary genetics, with its focus on the modification and inheritance of presumed genetic programs, has all but overwhelmed other aspects of evolutionary biology. This has led to the neglect of the study of the generative origins of biological form. Drawing on work from developmental biology, paleontology, developmental and population genetics, cancer research, physics, and theoretical biology, this book explores the multiple factors responsible for the origination of biological form. It examines the essential problems of morphological evolution—why, for example, the basic body plans of nearly all metazoans arose within a relatively short time span, why similar morphological design motifs appear in phylogenetically independent lineages, and how new structural elements are added to the body plan of a given phylogenetic lineage. It also examines discordances between genetic and phenotypic change, the physical determinants of morphogenesis, and the role of epigenetic processes in evolution. The book discusses these and other topics within the framework of evolutionary developmental biology, a new research agenda that concerns the interaction of development and evolution in the generation of biological form. By placing epigenetic processes, rather than gene sequence and gene expression changes, at the center of morphological origination, this book points the way to a more comprehensive theory of evolution.

Morphometrics in Evolutionary Biology

Morphometrics in Evolutionary Biology Book
Author : Fred L. Bookstein
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1985
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Morphometrics in Evolutionary Biology book written by Fred L. Bookstein, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Neocortex

The Neocortex Book
Author : Barbara L. Finlay,Giorgio M. Innocenti,Henning Scheich
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-06-29
ISBN : 1489906525
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Proceedings of a NATO ARW held in Alagna, Italy, August 26-31, 1989