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Geology and Landscape Evolution

Geology and Landscape Evolution Book
Author : Joseph A. DiPietro
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-04-16
ISBN : 0128111925
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Geology and Landscape Evolution: General Principles Applied to the United States, Second Edition, is an accessible text that balances interdisciplinary theory and applications within the physical geography, geology, geomorphology and climatology of the United States. The vast diversity of terrain and landscape across the United States makes this an ideal tool for geoscientists worldwide who research the country’s geological and landscape evolution. The book provides an explanation of how landscape forms, how it evolves and why it looks the way it does. This new edition is fully updated with greater detail throughout and additional figures, maps, drawings and photographs. Rather than limiting the coverage specifically to tectonics or to the origin and evolution of rocks with little regard for the actual landscape beyond general desert, river and glacial features, this book concentrates specifically on the origin of the landscape itself, with specific and exhaustive reference to examples from across the United States. The book begins with a discussion of how rock type and rock structure combine with tectonic activity, climate, isostasy and sea level change to produce landscape and then explores predicting how landscape will evolve. The book goes on to apply those concepts to specific examples throughout the United States, making it a valuable resource for understanding theoretical geological concepts through a practical lens. Presents the complexities of physical geography, geology, geomorphology and climatology of the United States through an interdisciplinary, highly accessible approach Offers hundreds of full-color figures, maps and photographs that capture the systematic interaction of land, rock, rivers, glaciers, global wind patterns and climate, including Google Earth images Provides a thorough assessment of the logic, rationale, and tools required to understand how to interpret landscape and the geological history of the Earth Features exercises that conclude each chapter, aiding in the retention of key concepts Updated with greater detail throughout and additional figures, maps, drawings and photographs Includes additional subheadings so that material is easier to find and digest Includes an all-new chapter on glaciation and expanded exercises using Google Earth images to enhance understanding

Landscape Evolution in the United States

Landscape Evolution in the United States Book
Author : Joseph A. DiPietro
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2012-12-21
ISBN : 0123978068
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Landscape Evolution in the United States is an accessible text that balances interdisciplinary theory and application within the physical geography, geology, geomorphology, and climatology of the United States. Landscape evolution refers to the changing terrain of any given area of the Earth's crust over time. Common causes of evolution (or geomorphology—land morphing into a different size or shape over time) are glacial erosion and deposition, volcanism, earthquakes, tsunamis, tornadoes, sediment transport into rivers, landslides, climate change, and other surface processes. The book is divided into three main parts covering landscape components and how they are affected by climactic, tectonic and ocean systems; varying structural provinces including the Cascadia Volcanic Arc and California Transpressional System; and the formation and collapse of mountain systems. The vast diversity of terrain and landscapes across the United States makes this an ideal tool for geoscientists worldwide who are researching the country’s geological evolution over the past several billion years. Presents the complexities of physical geography, geology, geomorphology, and climatology of the United States through an interdisciplinary, highly accessible approach Offers more than 250 full-color figures, maps and photographs that capture the systematic interaction of land, rock, rivers, glaciers, global wind patterns and climate Provides a thorough assessment of the logic, rationale, and tools required to understand how to interpret landscape and the geological history of the Earth Features exercises that conclude each chapter, aiding in the retention of key concepts

Principles of Soilscape and Landscape Evolution

Principles of Soilscape and Landscape Evolution Book
Author : Garry Willgoose
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2018-02-28
ISBN : 0521858798
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a holistic guide to the construction of numerical models to explain the co-evolution of landforms, soils, vegetation and tectonics. This volume demonstrates how physical processes interact to influence landform evolution, and explains the science behind the physical processes, as well as the mechanics of how to solve them.

African Palaeoenvironments and Geomorphic Landscape Evolution

African Palaeoenvironments and Geomorphic Landscape Evolution Book
Author : Jörgen Runge
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2010-11-01
ISBN : 0203845277
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This 30st jubilee volume (2010) of "Palaeoecology of Africa" looks back and reflects the "state of the art" of what is actually known on former African climates and ecosystems in the format of review articles authored by specialists in the field. New research articles on climate and ecosystem dynamics as well as applied topics on geomorphic ha

Landscapes and Landforms of Italy

Landscapes and Landforms of Italy Book
Author : Mauro Soldati,Mauro Marchetti
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-05-23
ISBN : 3319261940
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book deals with the most striking landscapes and landforms of Italy. Attention is given to landform diversity and landscape evolution through time which has been controlled by very diverse geological conditions and dramatic climate changes that have characterized the Italian peninsula and islands since the end of the last glaciation. In addition, various examples of human impact on the landscape are presented. Landscapes and Landforms of Italy contains more than thirty case studies of a multitude of Italian geographical landmarks. The topics and sites described in this book range from the Alpine glaciers to the Etna and Vesuvius volcanoes, taking into account the most representative fluvial, coastal, gravity-induced, karst and structural landscapes of the country. Chapters on the geomorphological landmarks of the cities of Rome and Venice are also included. The book provides the readers with the opportunity to explore the variety of Italian landscapes and landforms through informative texts illustrated with several color maps and photos. This book will be relevant to scientists, scholars and any readers interested in geology, physical geography, geomorphology, landscape tourism, geoheritage and environmental protection.

Regolith Geology and Geomorphology

Regolith Geology and Geomorphology Book
Author : G. Taylor,R. A. Eggleton
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2001-08-30
ISBN : 9780471974543
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Providing fundamental discussion of regolith properties andchemistry, this book considers many landscape situations andfeatures, whilst linking process to position, geochemistry andtime. Presenting information from an Australian perspective itprovides new insights into the subject, which are developed awayfrom the yoke of traditional Northern Hemisphere ideas andconcepts. * Presents a new approach to the problems of understanding regolithgeology and landscapes * Presents the general aspects and principles of regolith * Chapters present views on landscapes and their evolution, thenature of minerals, the behaviour of water at a landscape level andthe exploration of water behaviour at various scales in regolithmaterials * Investigates methods of conveying information about regolith viamaps and in GIS packages

Geo environment and Landscape Evolution III

Geo environment and Landscape Evolution III Book
Author : Ülo Mander,J. F. Martin-Duque,C. A. Brebbia
Publisher : WIT Press
Release : 2008-01
ISBN : 1845641175
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains most of the papers presented at the 3rd International Conference on Evaluation, Monitoring, Simulation, Management and Remediation of the Geological Environment and Landscape held in The New Forest, Ashurst Lodge, UK, in June 2008, organised by the Wessex Institute of Technology, UK, Complutense University, Madrid, Spain, University of Tartu, Estonia, and sponsored by the WIT Transactions on the Built Environment. This volume brings together international information, experience and research in order to give the reader a greater knowledge and ability to help their communities to develop in a sustainable way. It discusses some of the problems facing the public and private sectors and the engineering and scientific communities. It studies several aspects of environmental pollution, modelling, and monitoring, soil and rock properties, vulnerability studies, ecosystem remediation, climatological processes and hydrological studies, geo-ecology and landscape analysis, geo-environment in urban settings, natural hazards and risks, remote sensing of the environment, environmental planning and management, and restoration of ecosystems. The papers published in the book are grouped in the following sections: Remediation and Restoration; Environmental Modelling; Environmental Monitoring; Environmental Hazards and Pollution; Landscape Analysis.

Amazonia Landscape and Species Evolution

Amazonia  Landscape and Species Evolution Book
Author : Carina Hoorn,Frank Wesselingh
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-09-26
ISBN : 1444360256
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book focuses on geological history as the critical factor in determining the present biodiversity and landscapes of Amazonia. The different driving mechanisms for landscape evolution are explored by reviewing the history of the Amazonian Craton, the associated sedimentary basins, and the role of mountain uplift and climate change. This book provdes an insight into the Meso- and Cenozoic record of Amazonia that was characterized by fluvial and long-lived lake systems and a highly diverse flora and fauna. This fauna includes giants such as the ca. 12 m long caiman Purussaurus, but also a varied fish fauna and fragile molluscs, whilst fossil pollen and spores form relics of ancestral swamps and rainforests. Finally, a review the molecular datasets of the modern Amazonian rainforest and aquatic ecosystem, discussing the possible relations between the origin of Amazonian species diversity and the palaeogeographic, palaeoclimatic and palaeoenvironmental evolution of northern South America. The multidisciplinary approach in evaluating the history of Amazonia has resulted in a comprehensive volume that provides novel insights into the evolution of this region.

Neotectonism in the Indian Subcontinent

Neotectonism in the Indian Subcontinent Book
Author : K.S. Valdiya,Jaishri Sanwal
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-11-24
ISBN : 0444639721
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An erudite work on tectonic resurgence in Late Quaternary time of the Indian subcontinent embracing India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, and Bangladesh, Neotectonism in the Indian Subcontinent dwells on the causes and consequences of tectonic events that fashioned the landscape of a land characterized by a fragmented framework. The narratives on the structural and geomorphic developments during the morphogenic phase of the geodynamic history of the Indian subcontinent explain many phenomena. These include the tremendous height and spectacular structural-geomorphic architecture of the Himalaya, and the behaviour of wayward rivers in the sinking and rising Indo-Gangetic Plains. In addition are the shifting, deflection, piracy, and even disappearance of rivers and streams in the dry desertic terrane of western India, as well as the unique drainage pattern of the ruptured and rifted plateaus and coastal belts of Peninsular India. The formation of huge lakes due to river ponding in the stable continental shield in Karnataka is also explained. All of these phenomena are accompanied by profuse illustrations. Neotectonism in the Indian Subcontinent portrays the evolution of the extraordinary landforms and landscapes of the subcontinent, constituted by multiple terranes of contrasted lithostructural architecture and distinctive geomorphic layout—each with an altogether different geological history. It chronicles events of crustal unrest or tectonic turmoil manifested as displacement, subsidence, and uplift of the ground with bizarre drainage changes and episodic seismicity. This book caters to planners, engineers, and hazard managers, but also satisfies the curiosity of those who are interested in understanding the formation of the Indian subcontinent. Identifies areas and belts recurrently ravaged by geological hazards resulting from neotectonic activities Provides a wealth of information on neotectonic movements and consequent modification of landscape, drainage aberrations, and ground vulnerability, including references that also provide additional resources for those who seek to pursue comprehensive investigations Includes much new observation and refreshing interpretation to explain many of the striking landforms of the region

Dynamic Mars

Dynamic Mars Book
Author : Richard J. Soare,Susan J. Conway,Stephen M. Clifford
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-08-07
ISBN : 0128130199
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Dynamic Mars: Recent and Current Landscape Evolution of the Red Planet presents the latest observations, interpretations, and explanations of geological change at the surface or near-surface of this terrestrial body. These changes raise questions about a decades-old paradigm, formed largely in the aftermath of very coarse Mariner-mission imagery in the 1960s, suggesting that much of the interesting geological activity on Mars occurred deep in its past, eons ago. The book includes discussions of (1) Mars’ ever-changing atmosphere and the impact of this on the planet’s surface and near-surface; (2) the possible involvement of water in relatively new, if not contemporary, gully-like flows and slope streaks (i.e. recurring slope lineae); and (3) the identification of a broad suite of agents and processes (i.e. glacial, periglacial, aeolian, meteorological, volcanic, and meteoric) that are actively revising surface and near-surface landscapes, landforms, and features on a local, regional, and hemispheric scale. Highly illustrated and punctuated by data from the most recent Mars missions, Dynamic Mars is a valuable resource for all levels of research in the geological history of Mars, as well as of the three other terrestrial planets. Utilizes observational and model-based data as well as geological context to frame the understanding of the dynamic surface and near-surface of Mars Presents a broad spectrum of highly regarded experts and themes to discuss and evaluate the geological history of late and current Mars Includes extensive and detailed imagery to clearly illustrate these themes, discussions, and evaluations

Landscape Evolution and the Analysis of Drainage Systems

Landscape Evolution and the Analysis of Drainage Systems Book
Author : James C. Brice
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1962
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Landscape Evolution and the Analysis of Drainage Systems book written by James C. Brice, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Publications of the Geological Survey

Publications of the Geological Survey Book
Author : Geological Survey (U.S.)
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1984
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Publications of the Geological Survey book written by Geological Survey (U.S.), available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

U S Geological Survey Professional Paper

U S  Geological Survey Professional Paper Book
Author : Ardyth M. Simmons,John S. Stuckless
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1984
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download U S Geological Survey Professional Paper book written by Ardyth M. Simmons,John S. Stuckless, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Channel Initiation and Landscape Evolution

Channel Initiation and Landscape Evolution Book
Author : David Richard Montgomery
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1991
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Channel Initiation and Landscape Evolution book written by David Richard Montgomery, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Australian Landscapes

Australian Landscapes Book
Author : P. Bishop,Brad Pillans
Publisher : Geological Society of London
Release : 2010
ISBN : 9781862393141
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Australian Landscapes provides an up-to-date statement on the geomorphology of Australia. Karst, desert, bedrock rivers, coasts, submarine geomorphology, biogeomorphology and tectonics are all covered, aided by the latest geochronological techniques and remote sensing approaches. The antiquity and enduring geomorphological stability of the Australian continent are emphasized in several chapters, but the cutting-edge techniques used to establish that stability also reveal much complexity, including areas of considerable recent tectonic activity and a wide range of rates of landscape change. Links to the biological sphere are explored, in relation both to the lengthy human presence on the continent and to a biota that resulted from Cenozoic aridification of the continent, dated using new techniques. New syntheses of glaciation in Tasmania, aridification in South Australia and aeolian activity all focus on Quaternary landscape evolution.

Landscapes and Landforms of Norway

Landscapes and Landforms of Norway Book
Author : Achim A. Beylich
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-11-05
ISBN : 3030525635
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses the striking geomorphological landscapes of mainland Norway. As part of the Springer book series on World Geomorphological Landscapes, it outlines the nature and diversity of Norway's geomorphological landscapes and examines the geological background and the drivers of landscape evolution. It also features numerous case studies describing the most striking sites, and offers insights into the status and value of geoheritage and geoconservation in the country. Providing readers with an opportunity to explore the variety of Norwegian landscapes and landforms through informative texts richly illustrated with color maps and photos, the book will appeal to scientists, scholars and any readers interested in geology, physical geography, geomorphology, landscape tourism, geoheritage and environmental protection.