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Geological Records Of Tsunamis And Other Extreme Waves

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Geological Records of Tsunamis and Other Extreme Waves

Geological Records of Tsunamis and Other Extreme Waves Book
Author : Max Engel,Jessica Pilarczyk,Simon Matthias May,Dominik Brill,Ed Garrett
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-07-25
ISBN : 0128156872
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Geological Records of Tsunamis and Other Extreme Waves provides a systematic compendium with concise chapters on the concept and history of paleotsunami research, sediment types and sediment sources, field methods, sedimentary and geomorphological characteristics, as well as dating and modeling approaches. By contrasting tsunami deposits with those of competing mechanisms in the coastal zone such as storm waves and surges, and by embedding this field of research into the wider context of tsunami science, the book is also relevant to readers interested in paleotempestology, coastal sedimentary environments, or sea-level changes, and coastal hazard management. The effectiveness of paleotsunami records in coastal hazard-mitigation strategies strongly depends on the appropriate selection of research approaches and methods that are tailored to the site-specific environment and age of the deposits. In addition to summarizing the state-of-the-art in tsunami sedimentology, Geological Records of Tsunamis and Other Extreme Waves guides researchers through establishing an appropriate research design and how to develop reliable records of prehistoric events using field-based and laboratory methods, as well as modeling techniques. Features a comprehensive overview of the state of the art in tsunami sedimentology and paleotsunami research Offers advice on the most appropriate mapping, sampling, and analytical approaches for a wide variety of coastal settings and sedimentary environments Provides methodological details for field sampling and the most important proxy analyses

Tsunamiites Features and Implications

Tsunamiites   Features and Implications Book
Author : Tsunemasa Shiki,Yoshinobu Tsuji,K. Minoura,T. Yamazaki
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-10-13
ISBN : 9780080558912
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is an overview of the state-of-the art developments in sedimentology of tsunami-induced and tsunami-affected deposits, namely tsunamiites. It also highlights new problems and issues calling for additional investigation, and provides insight into the direction for future tsunamiite researches. * Provides a comprehensive overview of developments in tsunamiites * Investigates future trends and development needs * Cutting edge research articles from leading experts aimed at researchers and scientists

Historical Earthquakes Tsunamis and Archaeology in the Iberian Peninsula

Historical Earthquakes  Tsunamis and Archaeology in the Iberian Peninsula Book
Author : Manuel Álvarez-Martí-Aguilar,Francisco Machuca Prieto
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-06-22
ISBN : 9811919798
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Research on historical earthquakes and tsunamis in the Iberian Peninsula has made great strides in recent years, from diverse scientific fields ranging from geology to archaeology. In addition to the famous earthquake and tsunami of 1755, which intensely affected the peninsula, researchers are conducting a growing number of surveys and case studies on seismic episodes and extreme wave events of possible tsunamigenic origin in Portugal and Spain during the ancient, medieval, and modern eras. However, the development of these studies has suffered due to a certain lack of communication among the different fields of research, which are focused on their own methodologies and interests. The aim of this book is to promote interdisciplinary dialogue by linking the results of the most recent research into historical earthquakes and tsunamis in Iberia from the fields of geology, history and archaeology. The volume, which devotes special attention to tsunamis and to events that occurred in the Iberian Peninsula before 1755, offers synthetic insights, updates, and case studies of maximum interest for knowledge of the historical seismology of Portugal and Spain.

Tsunamiites

Tsunamiites Book
Author : Tsunemasa Shiki,Yoshinobu Tsuji,Teiji Yamazaki,Futoshi Nanayama
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-11-27
ISBN : 0128239409
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Tsunamiites: Features and Implications, Second Edition, is an overview of the state-of-the art developments in sedimentology of tsunami-induced and tsunami-affected deposits, namely tsunamiites. It also highlights new problems and issues calling for additional investigation and provides insight into the direction for future tsunamiite research. New to this edition: discussion of the impact of 2011 tsunami in Northern Japan as well as additional coverage of offshore tractive current deposition and deposition of boulders. Includes a comprehensive overview of new developments in tsunamiites from leading experts Covers future trends and development needs for researching sediments from tsunamis New edition includes coverage and lessons learned from the 2011tsunami in Northern Japan

Tsunamis in the European Mediterranean Region

Tsunamis in the European Mediterranean Region Book
Author : Gerassimos Papadopoulos
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-12-03
ISBN : 0127999272
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Tsunamis in the European-Mediterranean Region: From Historical Record to Risk Mitigation provides readers with a much needed, reliable, and up-to-date history of the region, including descriptions and parameters of the main events from pre-history to the present that are supported by parametric catalogues, pictorial material, and examples of instrumental records, such as tide-gauge records. The book presents a broader perspective of needed action for local and national governments, and international organizations, and is written by an internationally recognized expert in this field, providing an authoritative account of historical tsunamis in the eastern Mediterranean. It addresses key points of tsunami mitigation, including the systems currently available for tsunami recording, monitoring, and early warning, along with a presentation of the preventative measures that can be applied in all tsunami-vulnerable regions. Details the systems currently available for tsunami recording, monitoring, and early warning, and the technologies that support them Contains numerical modeling techniques used for the generation, propagation, and inundation of tsunamis Presents clear examples of tsunamis in the region and their documentation, as well as comparisons with other regions globally Includes full-color illustrations that accompany the text

Extreme Natural Hazards Disaster Risks and Societal Implications

Extreme Natural Hazards  Disaster Risks and Societal Implications Book
Author : Alik Ismail-Zadeh,Jaime Urrutia Fucugauchi,Andrzej Kijko,Kuniyoshi Takeuchi,Ilya Zaliapin
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2014-04-17
ISBN : 1107033861
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A unique interdisciplinary approach to disaster risk research, including global hazards and case-studies, for researchers, graduate students and professionals.

Tsunami Warning and Preparedness

Tsunami Warning and Preparedness Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Ocean Studies Board,Committee on the Review of the Tsunami Warning and Forecast System and Overview of the Nation's Tsunami Preparedness
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2011-04-01
ISBN : 0309137535
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Many coastal areas of the United States are at risk for tsunamis. After the catastrophic 2004 tsunami in the Indian Ocean, legislation was passed to expand U.S. tsunami warning capabilities. Since then, the nation has made progress in several related areas on both the federal and state levels. At the federal level, NOAA has improved the ability to detect and forecast tsunamis by expanding the sensor network. Other federal and state activities to increase tsunami safety include: improvements to tsunami hazard and evacuation maps for many coastal communities; vulnerability assessments of some coastal populations in several states; and new efforts to increase public awareness of the hazard and how to respond. Tsunami Warning and Preparedness explores the advances made in tsunami detection and preparedness, and identifies the challenges that still remain. The book describes areas of research and development that would improve tsunami education, preparation, and detection, especially with tsunamis that arrive less than an hour after the triggering event. It asserts that seamless coordination between the two Tsunami Warning Centers and clear communications to local officials and the public could create a timely and effective response to coastal communities facing a pending tsuanami. According to Tsunami Warning and Preparedness, minimizing future losses to the nation from tsunamis requires persistent progress across the broad spectrum of efforts including: risk assessment, public education, government coordination, detection and forecasting, and warning-center operations. The book also suggests designing effective interagency exercises, using professional emergency-management standards to prepare communities, and prioritizing funding based on tsunami risk.

Plate Boundaries and Natural Hazards

Plate Boundaries and Natural Hazards Book
Author : Joao C. Duarte,Wouter P. Schellart
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-07-13
ISBN : 1119054214
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The beginning of the new millennium has been particularly devastating in terms of natural disasters associated with tectonic plate boundaries, such as earthquakes in Sumatra, Chile, Japan, Tahiti, and Nepal; the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean tsunamis; and volcanoes in Indonesia, Chile, Iceland that have produced large quantities of ash causing major disruption to aviation. In total, half a million people were killed by such natural disasters. These recurring events have increased our awareness of the destructive power of natural hazards and the major risks associated with them. While we have come a long way in the search for understanding such natural phenomena, and although our knowledge of Earth dynamics and plate tectonics has improved enormously, there are still fundamental uncertainties in our understanding of natural hazards. Increased understanding is crucial to improve our capacity for hazard prediction and mitigation. Volume highlights include: Main concepts associated with tectonic plate boundaries Novel studies on boundary-related natural hazards Fundamental concepts that improve hazard prediction and mitigation Plate Boundaries and Natural Hazards will be a valuable resource for scientists and students in the fields of geophysics, geochemistry, plate tectonics, natural hazards, and climate science. Read an interview with the editors to find out more: https://eos.org/editors-vox/plate-boundaries-and-natural-hazards

The Geology of Chile

The Geology of Chile Book
Author : Teresa Moreno (Ph. D.),Wes Gibbons
Publisher : Geological Society of London
Release : 2007
ISBN : 9781862392205
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is the first comprehensive account in English of the geology of Chile, providing a key reference work that brings together many years of research, and written mostly by Chilean authors from various universities and other centres of research excellence. The 13 chapters begin with a general overview, followed by detailed accounts of Andean tectonostratigraphy and magmatism, the amazingly active volcanism, the world class ore deposits that have proven to be so critical to the welfare of the country, and Chilean water resources. The subject then turns to geophysics with an examination of neotectonics and earthquakes, the hazardous frequency of which is a daily fact of life for the Chilean population. There are chapters on the offshore geology and oceanography of the SE Pacific Ocean, subjects that continue to attract much research not least from those seeking to understand world climatic variations, and on late Quaternary land environments, concluding with an account examining human colonization of southernmost America. The geological evolution of Chile is the c. 550 million year history of a continental margin over 4000 km long. During his voyage on H.M.S. Beagle, an extended visit to Chile (1834-35) had a profound impact on Charles Darwin, especially on his understanding of volcanoes, earthquakes and tsunamis.

Tsunamis

Tsunamis Book
Author : E.M. Scourse,N.A. Chapman,D.R. Tappin,S.R. Wallis
Publisher : Geological Society of London
Release : 2018-01-05
ISBN : 1786203189
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This Special Publication examines tsunami hazard and risk, with particular focus on using the geological record. With Earth’s growing population clustered increasingly on coastlines, tsunami hazards are of concern worldwide. The papers explore the sedimentological and dynamic traces of recent and prehistoric tsunamis globally – from Europe to the Pacific – as well as looking at historic records and how the information can be used to characterise the scale of impacts and areas that are most susceptible to tsunami hazards. Armed with this information, scientists can begin to quantify risks, both to populations and in economic terms. This volume is aimed both at scientists working in this field and at a wider community, interested in tsunami science and natural hazard assessment.

Caribbean Tsunami Hazard

Caribbean Tsunami Hazard Book
Author : Aurelio Mercado-Irizarry,Philip L. F. Liu
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2006
ISBN : 9812565353
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book aims to present the overall existing tsunami hazard in the Caribbean Sea region, a region which is typically only associated with hurricanes. It initially presents an overview of all of the existing tsunami-causing factors found in the region: earthquakes, sub-aerial and submarine landslides, and submarine explosions. This is followed by field evidence of recent and pre-historic tsunami events, which gives credibility to all of this effort. The next section is a description of the tsunami hazard mitigation efforts being carried out locally and in collaboration with national and international programs. The final part is dedicated to the presentation of related recent research results.

The Anthropocene as a Geological Time Unit

The Anthropocene as a Geological Time Unit Book
Author : Jan Zalasiewicz,Colin N. Waters,Mark Williams,Colin P. Summerhayes
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2019-03-07
ISBN : 110847523X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Reviews the evidence underpinning the Anthropocene as a geological epoch written by the Anthropocene Working Group investigating it. The book discusses ongoing changes to the Earth system within the context of deep geological time, allowing a comparison between the global transition taking place today with major transitions in Earth history.

Tsunamis in the Mediterranean Sea 2000 B C 2000 A D

Tsunamis in the Mediterranean Sea 2000 B C  2000 A D  Book
Author : Sergey L. Soloviev,Olga N. Solovieva,Chan N. Go,Khen S. Kim,Nikolay A. Shchetnikov
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-14
ISBN : 9401595100
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Annals of natural disasters have always caused common interest. Scientists and specialists of various domains, teachers, students, post-graduates, journalists .. and merely inquisitive can find useful and didactic information in such annals~ Sad experience of the natural disasters endured gives very important material for humanity. It allows us not only to understand better the phenomenon itself, but also to prepare ourselves for future cataclysms, which our "Mother-Nature" is so rich in. The book by Sergey Soloviev and a group of his collaborators represents a detailed description of tsunami waves and accompanying phenomena in the Mediterranean Sea over a period of approximately four thousand years. Sergey Soloviev, the founder and recognised leader of the Russian scientific school of tsunami researchers, was unable to see the publication of this book, passing away on March 9, 1994. However, his ample experience in investigation and systematisation of tsunami waves for the Pacific area [Soloviev and Go, 1974, 1975; Soloviev, Go and Kim, 1986] has been widely used in compiling this book. The Mediterranean coasts are the cradle of civilisation. Written accounts of past disasters in this region of the Earth are rather numerous and highly reliable. Therefore the results of the tsunami study in the Mediterranean Sea are of specific value both for the scientific community and for humanity at large.

Physical Geology

Physical Geology Book
Author : Steven Earle
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019
ISBN : 9781774200285
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Physical Geology is a comprehensive introductory text on the physical aspects of geology, including rocks and minerals, plate tectonics, earthquakes, volcanoes, glaciation, groundwater, streams, coasts, mass wasting, climate change, planetary geology and much more. It has a strong emphasis on examples from western Canada, especially British Columbia, and also includes a chapter devoted to the geological history of western Canada. The book is a collaboration of faculty from Earth Science departments at Universities and Colleges across British Columbia and elsewhere"--BCcampus website.

Tsunami

Tsunami Book
Author : S. Mambretti
Publisher : WIT Press
Release : 2013
ISBN : 184564770X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A tsunami is a series of water waves caused by the sudden displacement of a large volume of a body of water, typically an ocean. This book, comprising seven chapters, examines this important topic.

Multidisciplinary Studies of the Environment and Civilization

Multidisciplinary Studies of the Environment and Civilization Book
Author : Yoshinori Yasuda,Mark J. Hudson
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-08-14
ISBN : 1351748602
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Multidisciplinary Studies on the Environment and Civilization draws on research from a diverse range of fields across the humanities, social and natural sciences to discover what is needed to develop an affluent, sustainable and resilient world for the twenty-first century and beyond. The contributions throughout this volume build and promote frameworks for an interdisciplinary approach to sustainability both in and beyond Japan. Utilizing research efforts from a broad range of fields such as zoology, biological anthropology and archaeology, these multidisciplinary studies are brought together to assess the impacts humans have had on the environment as well as the role of civilization, culture and heritage in environmental history. This book provides a truly multidisciplinary approach to environmental issues and will be of great interest to graduate students and researchers in fields such as climate, geology, plant taxonomy and marine science as well as those with an interest in Japanese history, archaeology, art and literature.

Deep sea Sediments

Deep sea Sediments Book
Author : Heiko Hüneke,Thierry Mulder
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0444530002
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

'Deep-Sea Sediments' focuses on the sedimentary processes operating within the various modern and ancient deep-sea environments. The chapters track the way of sedimentary particles from continental erosion or production in the marine realm, to transport into the deep sea, to final deposition on the sea floor.

Landscapes and Landforms of the Maltese Islands

Landscapes and Landforms of the Maltese Islands Book
Author : Ritienne Gauci,John A. Schembri
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-08-04
ISBN : 3030154564
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This edited volume brings together a collection of works that comprehensively address both the myriad geomorphological landscapes of the Maltese Islands and how their evolution has been shaped over various time-scales by different sets of processes. Additionally, the work highlights how the small geographical setting of the Maltese Islands helped to closely connect these landscapes with Maltese society and as a result, they have evolved from stand-alone examples of geomorphology to important backdrops of Maltese cultural identity. Most of the contributing authors are academics – both local and foreign – with a research focus on the geomorphology of the Maltese Islands. However, the editors have also (and purposefully) chosen other contributors from governmental institutions and research agencies, who complement the geomorphological research with their proactive work in selected case studies on Maltese landscapes.

Thriving on Our Changing Planet

Thriving on Our Changing Planet Book
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board,Committee on the Decadal Survey for Earth Science and Applications from Space
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2019-01-20
ISBN : 0309467578
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

We live on a dynamic Earth shaped by both natural processes and the impacts of humans on their environment. It is in our collective interest to observe and understand our planet, and to predict future behavior to the extent possible, in order to effectively manage resources, successfully respond to threats from natural and human-induced environmental change, and capitalize on the opportunities â€" social, economic, security, and more â€" that such knowledge can bring. By continuously monitoring and exploring Earth, developing a deep understanding of its evolving behavior, and characterizing the processes that shape and reshape the environment in which we live, we not only advance knowledge and basic discovery about our planet, but we further develop the foundation upon which benefits to society are built. Thriving on Our Changing Planet presents prioritized science, applications, and observations, along with related strategic and programmatic guidance, to support the U.S. civil space Earth observation program over the coming decade.

Plate Boundaries and Natural Hazards

Plate Boundaries and Natural Hazards Book
Author : Joao C. Duarte,Wouter P. Schellart
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-08-08
ISBN : 1119053978
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The beginning of the new millennium has been particularly devastating in terms of natural disasters associated with tectonic plate boundaries, such as earthquakes in Sumatra, Chile, Japan, Tahiti, and Nepal; the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean tsunamis; and volcanoes in Indonesia, Chile, Iceland that have produced large quantities of ash causing major disruption to aviation. In total, half a million people were killed by such natural disasters. These recurring events have increased our awareness of the destructive power of natural hazards and the major risks associated with them. While we have come a long way in the search for understanding such natural phenomena, and although our knowledge of Earth dynamics and plate tectonics has improved enormously, there are still fundamental uncertainties in our understanding of natural hazards. Increased understanding is crucial to improve our capacity for hazard prediction and mitigation. Volume highlights include: Main concepts associated with tectonic plate boundaries Novel studies on boundary-related natural hazards Fundamental concepts that improve hazard prediction and mitigation Plate Boundaries and Natural Hazards will be a valuable resource for scientists and students in the fields of geophysics, geochemistry, plate tectonics, natural hazards, and climate science.