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Geographic Knowledge Infrastructure

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Geographic Knowledge Infrastructure

Geographic Knowledge Infrastructure Book
Author : Robert Laurini
Publisher : Iste Press - Elsevier
Release : 2017-03-24
ISBN : 9781785482434
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Geographic Knowledge Engineering: Applications to Territorial Intelligence and Smart Cities studies the specific nature of geographic knowledge and the structure of geographic knowledge bases. Geographic relations, ontologies, gazetteers and rules are detailed as the basic components of such bases, and these rules are defined to develop our understanding of the mechanisms of geographic reasoning. The book examines various problems linked to geovisualization, chorems, visual querying and interoperability to shape knowledge infrastructure for smart governance. Provides geographic business rules Presents information on multi-actor, multicriteria decision support systems Examines various problems linked to geovisualization, chorems, visual querying and interoperability

Geographic Knowledge Infrastructure

Geographic Knowledge Infrastructure Book
Author : Robert Laurini
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-04-06
ISBN : 0081023529
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Geographic Knowledge Engineering: Applications to Territorial Intelligence and Smart Cities studies the specific nature of geographic knowledge and the structure of geographic knowledge bases. Geographic relations, ontologies, gazetteers and rules are detailed as the basic components of such bases, and these rules are defined to develop our understanding of the mechanisms of geographic reasoning. The book examines various problems linked to geovisualization, chorems, visual querying and interoperability to shape knowledge infrastructure for smart governance. Provides geographic business rules Presents information on multi-actor, multicriteria decision support systems Examines various problems linked to geovisualization, chorems, visual querying and interoperability

Scales of the Earth

Scales of the Earth Book
Author : El Hadi Jazairy
Publisher : Harvard University Press
Release : 2011
ISBN : 9781934510278
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Exploring the impact of the new "geography from above" made possible by advances in satellite imagery, contributors discuss how satellite imagery reframes contemporary debates on design, agency, and territory.

The Geography of Small Firm Innovation

The Geography of Small Firm Innovation Book
Author : Grant Black
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-03-30
ISBN : 0306487454
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

It has long been recognized that advances in science contribute to economic growth. While it is one thing to argue that such a relationship exists, it is quite another to establish the extent to which knowledge spills over within and between sectors of the economy. Such a research agenda faces numerous challenges. Not only must one seek measures of inputs, but a measure of output is needed as well to estimate the knowledge production function. The identification of such a measure was a compelling goal for Zvi Griliches, if not the holy grail: “The dream of getting hold of an output indicator of inventive activity is one of the strong motivating forces for economic research in this area.” (Griliches 1990, p. 1669). Jaffe (1989) made a significant contribution to estimating the knowledge production function when he established a relationship between patent activity and R&D activity at the state level. Feldman and coauthors (1994a, 1994b) added considerably to this line of research, focusing on innovation counts as the dependent variable instead of patent counts. This work was particularly important given that many innovations are never patented. Feldman’s work also differentiated by firm size and showed that knowledge spillovers from universities play a key role as sources of knowledge for small firms.

The Philosophy of Geography

The Philosophy of Geography Book
Author : Timothy Tambassi,Marcello Tanca
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-08-23
ISBN : 3030771555
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The relationship between geography and philosophy is still largely in need of being explored. Geographers and philosophers share the responsibility for that. On the one hand, geographers have considered as a dangerous deviation any attempt to elaborate an image of the Earth which was not a mere replica of a cartographic representation. On the other hand, philosophers have generally been uninterested in a discipline offering little chance for critical reflection. In light of these considerations, the purpose of this book is to identify some fundamental philosophical issues involved in the reflection of geography by adopting a perspective which looks at the discipline with a specific focus on its fundamental concepts and distinctions.

The Philosophy of Geo Ontologies

The Philosophy of Geo Ontologies Book
Author : Timothy Tambassi
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-06-26
ISBN : 3030781453
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Placed at the intersection among philosophy, geography, and computer science, the domain of investigation of applied ontology of geography ranges from making explicit assumptions and commitments of geography as a discipline, to the theoretical and technical needs of geographical/IT tools, such as GIS and geo-ontologies. Such a domain of investigation represents the central topic of discussion of this book, which intends: 1) to provide an overview of the mutual interactions among the disciplines encompassed in the domain; 2) to discuss notions such as spatial representation, boundaries, and geographical entities that constitute the main focus of the (philosophical) ontology of geography; 3) to propose a geographical classification of geo-ontologies in response to their increasing diffusion within the contemporary debate, as well as to show what ontological categories best systematize their contents. The second edition of the book differs from the first one as it offers a broader analysis of the (philosophical) ontology of geography: an analysis that is no more limited to the theoretical need of geo-ontologies.

Spatial Planning in the Big Data Revolution

Spatial Planning in the Big Data Revolution Book
Author : Voghera, Angioletta,La Riccia, Luigi
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2019-03-15
ISBN : 1522579281
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Through interaction with other databases such as social media, geographic information systems have the ability to build and obtain not only statistics defined on the flows of people, things, and information but also on perceptions, impressions, and opinions about specific places, territories, and landscapes. It is thus necessary to systematize, integrate, and coordinate the various sources of data (especially open data) to allow more appropriate and complete analysis, descriptions, and elaborations. Spatial Planning in the Big Data Revolution is a critical scholarly resource that aims to bring together different methodologies that combine the potential of large data analysis with GIS applications in dedicated tools specifically for territorial, social, economic, environmental, transport, energy, real estate, and landscape evaluation. Additionally, the book addresses a number of fundamental objectives including the application of big data analysis in supporting territorial analysis, validating crowdsourcing and crowdmapping techniques, and disseminating information and community involvement. Urban planners, architects, researchers, academicians, professionals, and practitioners in such fields as computer science, data science, and business intelligence will benefit most from the research contained within this publication.

Geographic Information Systems to Spatial Data Infrastructures

Geographic Information Systems to Spatial Data Infrastructures Book
Author : Ian Masser
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-09-25
ISBN : 0429000243
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book draws on author’s wealth of knowledge working on numerous projects across many countries. It provides a clear overview of the development of the SDI concept and SDI worldwide implementation and brings a logical chronological approach to the linkage of GIS technology with SDI enabling data. The theory and practice approach help understand that SDI development and implementation is very much a social process of learning by doing. The author masterfully selects main historical developments and updates them with an analytical perspective promoting informed and responsible use of geographic information and geospatial technologies for the benefit of society from local to global scales. Features Subject matter spans thirty years of the development of GIS and SDI. Brings a social science perspective into GIS and SDI debates that have been largely dominated by technical considerations. Based on a world-wide perspective as a result of the author's experience and research in the USA, Australia, Canada, Brazil, Peru, China, India, Korea, Malaysia, and Japan as well as most European countries. Draws upon professional and academic experience relating to pioneering UK and European GIS research initiatives. Includes updated historical material with an analytical perspective explaining what was done right, and what didn't work.

Crowdsourcing Geographic Knowledge

Crowdsourcing Geographic Knowledge Book
Author : Daniel Sui,Sarah Elwood,Michael Goodchild
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-08-10
ISBN : 9400745877
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The phenomenon of volunteered geographic information is part of a profound transformation in how geographic data, information, and knowledge are produced and circulated. By situating volunteered geographic information (VGI) in the context of big-data deluge and the data-intensive inquiry, the 20 chapters in this book explore both the theories and applications of crowdsourcing for geographic knowledge production with three sections focusing on 1). VGI, Public Participation, and Citizen Science; 2). Geographic Knowledge Production and Place Inference; and 3). Emerging Applications and New Challenges. This book argues that future progress in VGI research depends in large part on building strong linkages with diverse geographic scholarship. Contributors of this volume situate VGI research in geography’s core concerns with space and place, and offer several ways of addressing persistent challenges of quality assurance in VGI. This book positions VGI as part of a shift toward hybrid epistemologies, and potentially a fourth paradigm of data-intensive inquiry across the sciences. It also considers the implications of VGI and the exaflood for further time-space compression and new forms, degrees of digital inequality, the renewed importance of geography, and the role of crowdsourcing for geographic knowledge production.

Economic Geography of Higher Education

Economic Geography of Higher Education Book
Author : Frans Boekema,Roel Rutten
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2003-03-20
ISBN : 1134498233
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This exhaustive study from an experienced and respected set of editors and authors looks at the impact that universities have on their surroundings, with particular reference to regional development. With contributions from such leading scholars as Peter Maskell and Gunnar Törnqvist, this book will be of great interest to students and academics involved in regional economics, economic geography and innovation studies.

Smart Cities and the UN SDGs

Smart Cities and the UN SDGs Book
Author : Anna Visvizi,Raquel Perez del Hoyo
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-04-27
ISBN : 0323859186
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Smart Cities and the UN's SDGs explores how smart cities initiatives intersect with the global goal of making urbanization inclusive, resilient, and sustainable. Topics explored include digital governance, e-democracy, health care access, public-private partnerships, well-being, and more. Examining smart cities concepts, tools, strategies, and obstacles and their applicability to sustainability, the book exposes key structural problems that cities face and how the imperative of sustainability can bypass them. It shows how smart city technological innovation can boost citizens' well-being, serving as a key reference for those seeking to make sense of the issues and challenges of smart cities and SDGs. Includes numerous case studies from around the world Features interdisciplinary insights from academic and practitioner experts Offers an extensive literature review

The Philosophy of GIS

The Philosophy of GIS Book
Author : Timothy Tambassi
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-06-04
ISBN : 3030168298
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This anthology aims to present the fundamental philosophical issues and tools required by the reflection within and upon geography and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) . It is an introduction to the philosophy for GIScience from an analytical perspective, which looks at GIS with a specific focus on its fundamental and most general concepts and distinctions. The first part of the book is devoted to explore some of the main philosophical questions arising from GIS and GIScience, which include, among others, investigations in ontology, epistemology, linguistics and geometrical modeling. The second part concerns issues related to spatial and cartographical representations of the geographical world. The third part is focused on the ontology of geography, specifically in terms of geographical entities, objects and boundaries. Finally, in the fourth part, the topic of GIS constitutes a starting point for exploring themes such as quantum geography and disorientation, and for defining professional profiles for geographers with competences in GIS environment. This book on a new and unexplored field of research could be a fundamental point of reference for professional philosophers and geographers interested in the theoretical reflection about the foundational concepts of GIScience. It is also interesting reading material for students (both undergraduates, postgraduates and Ph.D. students) in philosophy, geography, applied ontology, GIScience, geomatics and computer science.

Rediscovering Geography

Rediscovering Geography Book
Author : Rediscovering Geography Committee,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 1997-04-11
ISBN : 0309577624
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As political, economic, and environmental issues increasingly spread across the globe, the science of geography is being rediscovered by scientists, policymakers, and educators alike. Geography has been made a core subject in U.S. schools, and scientists from a variety of disciplines are using analytical tools originally developed by geographers. Rediscovering Geography presents a broad overview of geography's renewed importance in a changing world. Through discussions and highlighted case studies, this book illustrates geography's impact on international trade, environmental change, population growth, information infrastructure, the condition of cities, the spread of AIDS, and much more. The committee examines some of the more significant tools for data collection, storage, analysis, and display, with examples of major contributions made by geographers. Rediscovering Geography provides a blueprint for the future of the discipline, recommending how to strengthen its intellectual and institutional foundation and meet the demand for geographic expertise among professionals and the public.

Entrepreneurship Geography and American Economic Growth

Entrepreneurship  Geography  and American Economic Growth Book
Author : Zoltan J. Acs,Catherine Armington
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2006-06-19
ISBN : 1139456636
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The spillovers in knowledge among largely college-educated workers were among the key reasons for the impressive degree of economic growth and spread of entrepreneurship in the United States during the 1990s. Prior 'industrial policies' in the 1970s and 1980s did not advance growth because these were based on outmoded large manufacturing models. Zoltan Acs and Catherine Armington use a knowledge spillover theory of entrepreneurship to explain new firm formation rates in regional economies during the 1990s period and beyond. The fastest-growing regions are those that have the highest rates of new firm formation, and which are not dominated by large businesses. The authors of this text also find support for the thesis that knowledge spillovers move across industries and are not confined within a single industry. As a result, they suggest, regional policies to encourage and sustain growth should focus on entrepreneurship among other factors.

Artificial Intelligence and Its Applications

Artificial Intelligence and Its Applications Book
Author : Brahim Lejdel
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022
ISBN : 303096311X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains the proceedings of the second edition of the international Conference on Artificial Intelligence and its Applications (AIAP'21). This edition aims to bring together leading academic scientists, international researchers, and practitioners to exchange and share their experiences and research results on all aspects of Artificial Intelligence. It also provides an interdisciplinary platform for researchers, practitioners and students to present and discuss the most recent innovations, trends, and concerns as well as practical challenges encountered and solutions adopted in the fields of Artificial Intelligence. This international conference offers an opportunity to bridge the gap between the Artificial Intelligence research community and people from the industry or working in other research areas including smart cities, big data, cloud computing, social networks, and energy.

Geographic Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery

Geographic Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery Book
Author : Harvey J. Miller,Jiawei Han
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2009-05-27
ISBN : 1420073982
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Definitive Volume on Cutting-Edge Exploratory Analysis of Massive Spatial and Spatiotemporal DatabasesSince the publication of the first edition of Geographic Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery, new techniques for geographic data warehousing (GDW), spatial data mining, and geovisualization (GVis) have been developed. In addition, there has bee

Advancing Geographic Information Science The Past and Next Twenty Years

Advancing Geographic Information Science  The Past and Next Twenty Years Book
Author : Harlan Onsrud,Werner Kuhn
Publisher : Lulu.com
Release : 2016-02-22
ISBN : 0985244445
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is the result of invited and competitive submissions to a 2015 academic institute on Advancing Geographic Information Science: The Past and Next Twenty Years. A core goal of the institute was to review the research challenges of the past twenty years and discuss emerging challenges of the next twenty.

A Research Agenda for Geographic Information Science

A Research Agenda for Geographic Information Science Book
Author : Robert B. McMaster,E. Lynn Usery
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2004-08-30
ISBN : 1000611590
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A close relationship exists between GIS and numerous applications, including cartography, photogrammetry, geodesy, surveying, computer and information science, and statistics, among others. Scientists coined the term "geographic information science (GIScience)" to describe the theory behind these fields. A Research Agenda for Geographic Information

Mobile Information Systems Leveraging Volunteered Geographic Information for Earth Observation

Mobile Information Systems Leveraging Volunteered Geographic Information for Earth Observation Book
Author : Gloria Bordogna,Paola Carrara
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-12-21
ISBN : 3319708783
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book, written by an international team of prominent authors, gathers the latest developments in mobile technologies for the acquisition, management, analysis and sharing of Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI) in the context of Earth observation. It is divided into three parts, the first of which presents case studies on the implementation of VGI for Earth observation, discusses the characteristics of volunteers’ engagement in relation with their expertise and motivation, analyzes the tasks they are called upon to perform, and examines the available tools for developing VGI. In turn, the second part introduces readers to essential methods, techniques and algorithms used to develop mobile information systems based on VGI for distinct Earth observation tasks, while the last part focuses on the drawbacks and limitations of VGI with regard to the above-mentioned tasks and proposes innovative methods and techniques to help overcome them. Given its breadth of coverage, the book offers a comprehensive, practice-oriented reference guide for researchers and practitioners in the field of geo-information management.

The Changing Economic Geography of Globalization

The Changing Economic Geography of Globalization Book
Author : Giovanna Vertova
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2006-04-20
ISBN : 1134259328
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The process of globalization has had profound, often destabilizing, effects on space, at all levels (i.e. local, regional, national, international). This revealing book analyzes, both theoretically and empirically, the effects of globalization over space. It considers, through a dialogue among different paradigms, the ways in which space has become more important in the global economy. Globalization has been advocated as a way of shrinking time and space which will lead to a homogenized global market; a suggestion challenged in differing ways and with a variety of approaches by all the contributors to this volume. Leading authorities from a range of disciplines are represented amongst this impressive list of contributors, including Eric Sheppard, Bjørn Asheim, Richard Walker and Peter Swann. The chapters demonstrate persuasively the continuing, and even increasing, role of space in the global economy, and throughout, the book covers viewpoints from the fields of: international political economy economic geography regional and local economics. This impressive volume, which contains a selection of the best in contemporary scholarship, will be of interest to the international arena of academicians, policy makers and professionals in these or related fields.