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Genomics Of Cultivated Palms

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Genomics of Cultivated Palms

Genomics of Cultivated Palms Book
Author : V. Arunachalam
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-12
ISBN : 0123877369
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bioinformatics offers novel tools and resources to analyze plant genomes and genes. The complete genomes of two important commercial palms (dates and oil palm) have recently been sequenced. This offers scope for many computational tools to decipher the synteny, collinearity and common and unique genes of palms. This book reviews the latest developments in this field. Includes the latest information on the molecular breeding and bioinformatics of palms Covers past and current work and future opportunities Written in simple language avoiding technical jargon

Genomics of Tree Crops

Genomics of Tree Crops Book
Author : R.J. Schnell,P.M. Priyadarshan
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-08-01
ISBN : 1461409209
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Trees that are indispensably supportive to human life pose a formidable challenge to breed them to suit to human needs. From soft drinks to breweries to beverages to oil to tires, the value added products from trees give a spectrum of products to human kind. While attempts to tap these resources through conventional breeding are underway, the quick and elegant way of manipulating the genetic systems at the genome level is an essential chapter of modern science. Books featuring genomics of tree crops are few, and genomics is such a science that changes rapidly. Genomics of Tree Crops is an earnest attempt towards compiling genomics of tree crops. Plant genomics has made monumental strides in the last decade providing insights into intra-genomic phenomena such as heterosis, epistasis, pleiotropy and other interactions between loci and alleles within the genome. In contrast, the investigation of the roles and functions of single genes is a primary focus of molecular biology and is a common topic of modern genetic research. A genome is the sum total of all of an individual organism's genes. Thus, genomics is the study of all the genes of a cell, or tissue, at the DNA (genotype), mRNA (transcriptome), or protein (proteome) levels. The complete sequencing of the three billion base pair human genome with 25,000 genes identified and the invention of DNA microarrays ushered in a new era in the science of genomics leading to explosive advancements in oncology diagnostics. This impetus into the genomics era lead the way toward advances in plant genomics which started with Arabidopsis thaliana and went through an array of crops such as rice, maize, papaya, various cereals and legumes, with pigeon pea added to the list towards the end of 2011. Trees, on the other hand, are the least attended taxa with regard to genomic research. Some of the areas that attained attention of the scientists are: DNA sequencing, bioinformatics, genomics of flowering, gene flow, spatial structure, local adaptation and assisted migration in trees, transformation of fruit trees, genomics of tropical and temperate fruit trees, genomics of Hevea rubber, genomics of papaya and genomics of palms. Genomics of Tree Crops compiles this information with chapters authored by experts on these crops.

Coconut Biotechnology Towards the Sustainability of the Tree of Life

Coconut Biotechnology  Towards the Sustainability of the    Tree of Life    Book
Author : Steve Adkins,Mike Foale,Roland Bourdeix,Quang Nguyen,Julianne Biddle
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-06-24
ISBN : 3030449882
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Widely known as the ‘tree of life’, coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) provides a bountiful source for making a wide variety of healthy foods and industrial items. Its cultivation, however, has been encountering seriously destructive issues including lethal diseases and natural adversities which are currently distressing livelihoods of millions of small-holder farmers around the world. There is an urgent mandate to resolve these issues by meeting sustainable seedling production, facilitating genetic conservation, as well as developing disease identification and modern breeding. This book introduces improvements in coconut biotechnology by covering the advances in micropropagation, germplasm conservation, and molecular pathogenic diagnosis. This comprehensive volume will be a useful source of information and references to researchers, graduate students, agricultural developers, and scholars in the plant sciences. In order to benefit general readers, the book also covers fundamental aspects of biology, diversity, and evolution of this marvelous palm species.

Biodiversity and Conservation of Woody Plants

Biodiversity and Conservation of Woody Plants Book
Author : M. R. Ahuja,S. Mohan Jain
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-11-21
ISBN : 3319664263
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides complete, comprehensive, and broad subject-based reviews for students, teachers, researchers, policymakers, conservationists, and NGOs interested in the biodiversity and conservation of woody plants. Forests cover approximately 31 percent of the world’s total landmass; 93 percent is natural forest and only 7 percent consists of planted trees. Forest decline is progressing at an alarming rate worldwide. In addition to human activities (logging, deforestation, and exploiting forest lands for agriculture and industrial use), a number of other factors – including pests and diseases, drought, soil acidity, radiation, and ozone – are cumulatively contributing to global forest decline. The present situation forces us to focus on forest conservation strategies for the present and future. Gene conservation and maintaining genetic diversity in forest ecosystems are crucial to the preservation of forest genetic resources. This calls for integrated action to implement both the in situ (on site) preservation of forest stands and ex situ (distant from the original site) strategies for the conservation of woody plants’ genetic resources. Selected priority areas include: 1) assessing patterns of genetic diversity and threats, 2) understanding the biological processes regulating genetic diversity, 3) assessing the impact of human activities and climate change on genetic diversity, and 5) finding methods for prioritizing species and populations for the conservation of forest trees genetic resources. All chapters were written by leading scientists in their respective fields, which include: woody plant diversity, ecology and evolution; assessment of genetic diversity in forest tree populations; conservation planning under climate change; and in situ and ex situ strategies, including biotechnological approaches, for the conservation of woody plants genetic resources.

Genomic Variability of Phytophthora Palmivora Isolates from Different Oil Palm Cultivation Regions in Colombia

Genomic Variability of Phytophthora Palmivora Isolates from Different Oil Palm Cultivation Regions in Colombia Book
Author : Juanita Gil Bedoya
Publisher :
Release : 2019
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Palm oil is the most used and consumed vegetable oil around the world. Colombia is the largest palm oil producer in South America and fourth worldwide. However, oil palm plantations in Colombia are affected by the bud rot disease, caused by the oomycete Phytophthora palmivora, leading to important production and economic losses. This pathogen secretes effectors, molecules that can alter the functioning or structure of host cells to promote its own development, as a strategy of pathogenicity. There are two types of effectors: cytoplasmic or apoplastic. Cytoplasmic effectors can be predicted due to conserved motifs in the N-terminal region of their amino acid sequence that follow the signal peptide. We sequenced 12 isolates of P. palmivora obtained from different oil palm cultivation regions in Colombia and assembled a high-quality reference genome for the species. The genome size of P. palmivora was estimated to 165.5 Mbp and 45,416 genes were annotated. Additionally, more than 1,400 putative effector proteins were identified in the reference strain of the oil palm pathogen. We also analyzed the genetic variability of the sequenced isolates through the identification of allelic variants and genotyped around 1,300 biallelic SNPs in the samples. We provide here different genomic resources that contribute to the characterization of the species and the understanding of the interaction of P. palmivora with oil palm, as well as the diversity of the species in the country that correlates with the differences of the expression of the disease in different cultivation regions. These resources could be further exploited as tools for development of effective strategies for disease control.

Achievements of the National Plant Genome Initiative and New Horizons in Plant Biology

Achievements of the National Plant Genome Initiative and New Horizons in Plant Biology Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources,Board on Life Sciences,Committee on the National Plant Genome Initiative: Achievements and Future Directions
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2008-04-20
ISBN : 0309114187
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Life on Earth would be impossible without plants. Humans rely on plants for most clothing, furniture, food, as well as for many pharmaceuticals and other products. Plant genome sciences are essential to understanding how plants function and how to develop desirable plant characteristics. For example, plant genomic science can contribute to the development of plants that are drought-resistant, those that require less fertilizer, and those that are optimized for conversion to fuels such as ethanol and biodiesel. The National Plant Genome Initiative (NPGI) is a unique, cross-agency funding enterprise that has been funding and coordinating plant genome research successfully for nine years. Research breakthroughs from NPGI and the National Science Foundation (NSF) Arabidopsis 2010 Project, such as how the plant immune system controls pathogen defense, demonstrate that the plant genome science community is vibrant and capable of driving technological advancement. This book from the National Research Council concludes that these programs should continue so that applied programs on agriculture, bioenergy, and others will always be built on a strong foundation of fundamental plant biology research.

Recent Trends in Horticultural Biotechnology

Recent Trends in Horticultural Biotechnology Book
Author : R. Keshavachandran
Publisher : New India Publishing
Release : 2007-01-21
ISBN : 9788189422592
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biotechnology is emerging as one of the most innovative technologies in life sciences and is influencing almost every aspect of human life. It provides a set of tools, which if appropriately integrated with other technologies can be applied for the sustainable development of agriculture. Tissue culture is being used to propagate rapidly difficult to root crops and conserve endangered/rare medicinal plants. PCR technology has made it possible to fingerprint genotypes and understand better their genetic relationship. Genetic transformation through direct and vector mediated gene transfer now makes it possible to incorporate novel genes for desirable traits. The various bioinformatics tools help to interpret the complex data available from biological experiments. the book has two volumes divided into 8 sections comprising of more than 140 research articles and papers.

Plant Genome Biodiversity and Evolution Vol 1 Part D

Plant Genome  Biodiversity and Evolution Vol  1  Part D Book
Author : A K Sharma
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2006-01-11
ISBN : 9781578084203
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The coverage of this volume ranges from Cycads and Pines of Gymnosperms to monocot genera of significance in phylogeny, agri-horticulture and commerce. The previous volume (1C), dealt with dicot counterparts. Noteworthy features of the volume include molecular phylogeny of Cycads, correlation of genomics and micro habitat in Pinus, genome studies in oil and datepalm, correlation of molecular data with habit in orchids, congruence of karyotype and molecular data in Festuca and analysis of putative ancestors in Avena. The volume will be of interest to all students of genomics interested in phylogeny, agri-horticulture and commercial plants.

Wild Crop Relatives Genomic and Breeding Resources

Wild Crop Relatives  Genomic and Breeding Resources Book
Author : Chittaranjan Kole
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-09-01
ISBN : 9783642212017
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Wild crop relatives are now playing a significant part in the elucidation and improvement of the genomes of their cultivated counterparts. This work includes comprehensive examinations of the status, origin, distribution, morphology, cytology, genetic diversity and available genetic and genomic resources of numerous wild crop relatives, as well as of their evolution and phylogenetic relationship. Further topics include their role as model plants, genetic erosion and conservation efforts, and their domestication for the purposes of bioenergy, phytomedicines, nutraceuticals and phytoremediation. Wild Crop Relatives: Genomic and Breeding Resources comprises 10 volumes on Cereals, Millets and Grasses, Oilseeds, Legume Crops and Forages, Vegetables, Temperate Fruits, Tropical and Subtropical Fruits, Industrial Crops, Plantation and Ornamental Crops, and Forest Trees. It contains 125 chapters written by nearly 400 well-known authors from about 40 countries.

Dates

Dates Book
Author : A. Manickavasagan,M. Mohamed Essa,E. Sukumar
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-04-20
ISBN : 1439849471
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Of the many varieties of date palms, the species Phoenix dactylifera Linn. is cultivated extensively and traded and consumed worldwide. Dates: Production, Processing, Food, and Medicinal Values draws from a broad spectrum of contributors to present a comprehensive survey of this particular species. The book explores a range of essential facets of w

Plant Genome Biodiversity and Evolution Vol 1 Part B

Plant Genome  Biodiversity and Evolution  Vol  1  Part B Book
Author : A K Sharma,Archana Sharma
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2003
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Annotation. Plant genetic engineering has revolutionized our ability to produce genetically improved plant varieties. A large portion of our major crops have undergone genetic improvement through the use of recombinant DNA techniques in which microorganisms play a vital role. The cross-kingdom transfer of genes to incorporate novel phenotypes into plants has utilized microbes at every step-from cloning and characterization of a gene to the production of a genetically engineered plant. This book covers the important aspects of Microbial Biotechnology in Agriculture and Aquaculture with and aim to improve crop yield.

Principles and Practices of Plant Genomics Vol 2

Principles and Practices of Plant Genomics  Vol  2 Book
Author : C Kole,Albert G. Abbott
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2008
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"The three volumes in this series ... containing 41 chapters contributed by over [one] hundred globally reputed scientists, provide lucid deliberations on the concepts, strategies, tools, methodologies and achievements of plant genomics presented in a typical class-room approach."--Back cover.

Biofuel Crops

Biofuel Crops Book
Author : Bharat P. Singh
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2013
ISBN : 1845938852
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Providing comprehensive coverage on biofuel crop production and the technological, environmental and resource issues associated with a sustainable biofuel industry, this book is ideal for researchers and industry personnel. Beginning with an introduction to biofuels and the challenges they face, the book then includes detailed coverage on crops of current importance or with high future prospects, including sections on algae, sugar crops and grass, oil and forestry species. The chapters focus on the genetics, breeding, cultivation, harvesting and handling of each crop.

Genetics Genomics and Breeding of Sunflower

Genetics  Genomics and Breeding of Sunflower Book
Author : Jinguo Hu,Gerald Seiler,C. Kole
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2010-04-08
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The sunflower has fascinated mankind for centuries. The oilseed sunflower contributes approximately ten percent of the world’s plant-derived edible oil and the confection type sunflower holds a considerable share of the directly consumed snacks market. In addition, sunflower is also grown as an ornamental for cut flowers, as well as in home gardens. We are now embarking on the age of genomics which will expedite the process of genetic improvement of crops. There has been an explosion of information on genetic markers, DNA sequences, and genomic resources for most major food crops including sunflower. This volume is intended to bridge traditional research with modern molecular investigations on sunflower.

Essentials of Genetics

Essentials of Genetics Book
Author : William S. Klug,Michael R. Cummings
Publisher : Benjamin Cummings
Release : 2002
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

/* 9126D-2, KLUG/CUMMINGS, Essentials of Genetics, 4E */ Presents a succinct overview of the discipline, with balanced coverage of both classical and modern genetics. Known for their clear writing style, emphasis on concepts, visual art program, and thoughtful coverage of all areas of genetics, the authors capture interest with up-to-date coverage of cutting edge topics and research. This book will help readers connect the science of genetics to the issues of today through interesting and thought provoking applications. Revision features 3 new chapters: Chapter 5, Sex Determination and Sex Chromosomes, Chapter 18, Genomics and Proteomics, and Chapter 24, Conservation Genetics—Genenomics and Proteomics put this book at the cutting edge of a rapidly moving field. The Conservation Genetics chapter is the first really new chapter that has appeared in any genetics book over the past decade. The Population Genetics and Evolutionary Genetics chapters are updated and significantly enriched by Jon Herron (co-author of Evolutionary Analysis, 2/e). The Technology and Society Essays include numerous revisions and several new topics—Genetically Modified Foods is addressed with a new essay in Chapter 1; new essay in Chapter 18 addresses Gene Therapy in the context of Genomics; there are two short boxes that represent “molecular snippets” in the transmission genetic chapters (3 and 5); and new section on molecular genetics in Chapter 1. Two biotechnology chapters cover technologies and analysis, and applications and ethics. Human behavior genetics includes recent findings on genes controlling manic depression (Chapter 20). Up-to-date coverage of contemporary topics includes ethical questions raised by genetic testing and the human genome project. It will appeal to evolutionarily-oriented professionals in the biological sciences, zoology, agriculture, and health science fields.