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Genomics In Food Safety

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Genomics of Foodborne Bacterial Pathogens

Genomics of Foodborne Bacterial Pathogens Book
Author : Martin Wiedmann,Wei Zhang
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-02-04
ISBN : 1441976868
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Foodborne illnesses caused by various bacterial, viral, and fungal pathogens lead to a high number of morbidity and mortality in the U.S. and throughout the world. Recent advances in microbial genomics have significantly improved our understanding of the physiology, evolution, ecology, epidemiology, and pathogenesis of different foodborne pathogens. This book focuses on the genomics of foodborne bacterial pathogens. It begins with a brief overview of the recent advances in microbial genomics and the impact of genomics on food safety research. Then, eight chapters follow that elaborate some in-depth reviews on the genomics of several common foodborne bacterial pathogens including Bacillus, Campylobacter, Clostridium, Escherichia coli, Listeria, Salmonella, Staphylococcus, and Vibrio. Finally, the last four chapters focus on some current genomic, transcriptomic, and proteomic technologies and their applications in studying the epidemiology, evolution, and pathogenesis of foodborne bacterial pathogens. Genomics of Foodborne Bacterial Pathogens can be used as a reference by scientists and professionals in academia, government, and industry who are interested in understanding microbial genomics and using genomics tools to study foodborne bacterial pathogens. This book can also be used as a textbook for instructors and professors who teach food microbiology or microbial genomics-related courses at the post-graduate level.

Achieving Nutritional Security and Food Safety Through Genomics Based Breeding of Crops

Achieving Nutritional Security and Food Safety Through Genomics Based Breeding of Crops Book
Author : Reyazul Rouf Mir,Sachiko Narita Isobe,Manish Kumar Pandey,Ajay Kumar
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2021-03-22
ISBN : 2889666115
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Achieving Nutritional Security and Food Safety Through Genomics Based Breeding of Crops book written by Reyazul Rouf Mir,Sachiko Narita Isobe,Manish Kumar Pandey,Ajay Kumar, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Game Changer Next Generation Sequencing and Its Impact on Food Microbiology

Game Changer Next Generation Sequencing and Its Impact on Food Microbiology Book
Author : Jennifer Ronholm,Sabah Bidawid,Sandra Torriani
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2018-04-26
ISBN : 2889454630
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in next-generation sequencing technologies (NGS) are revolutionizing the field of food microbiology. Microbial whole genome sequencing (WGS) can provide identification, characterization, and subtyping of pathogens for epidemiological investigations at a level of precision previously not possible. This allows for connections and source attribution to be inferred between related isolates that may be overlooked by traditional techniques. The archiving and global sharing of genome sequences allow for retrospective analysis of virulence genes, antimicrobial resistance markers, mobile genetic elements and other novel genes. The advent of high-throughput 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing, in combination with the advantages offered by massively parallel second-generation sequencing for metagenomics, enable intensive studies on the microbiomes of food products and the impact of foods on the human microbiome. These studies may one day lead to the development of reliable culture-independent methods for food monitoring and surveillance. Similarly, RNA-seq has provided insights into the transcriptomes and hence the behaviour of bacterial pathogens in food, food processing environments, and in interaction with the host at a resolution previously not achieved through the use of microarrays and/or RT-PCR. The vast un-tapped potential applications of NGS along with its rapidly declining costs, give this technology the ability to contribute significantly to consumer protection, global trade facilitation, and increased food safety and security. Despite the rapid advances, challenges remain. How will NGS data be incorporated into our existing global food safety infrastructure? How will massive NGS data be stored and shared globally? What bioinformatics solutions will be used to analyse and optimise these large data sets? This Research Topic discusses recent advances in the field of food microbiology made possible through the use of NGS.

Genomics Proteomics and Metabolomics in Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods

Genomics  Proteomics and Metabolomics in Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods Book
Author : Debasis Bagchi,Anand Swaroop,Manashi Bagchi
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-09-25
ISBN : 1118930460
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Functional foods and nutraceuticals have received considerable interest in the past decade largely due to increasing consumer awareness of the health benefits associated with food. Diet in human health is no longer a matter of simple nutrition: consumers are more proactive and increasingly interested in the health benefits of functional foods and their role in the prevention of illness and chronic conditions. This, combined with an aging population that focuses not only on longevity but also quality of life, has created a market for functional foods and nutraceuticals. A fully updated and revised second edition, Genomics, Proteomics and Metabolomics in Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods reflects the recent upsurge in "omics" technologies and features 48 chapters that cover topics including genomics, proteomics, metabolomics, epigenetics, peptidomics, nutrigenomics and human health, transcriptomics, nutriethics and nanotechnology. This cutting-edge volume, written by a panel of experts from around the globe reviews the latest developments in the field with an emphasis on the application of these novel technologies to functional foods and nutraceuticals.

Sequencing Technologies in Microbial Food Safety and Quality

Sequencing Technologies in Microbial Food Safety and Quality Book
Author : Devarajan Thangardurai,Leo M.L. Nollet,Saher Islam,Jeyabalan Sangeetha
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-04-14
ISBN : 1000376397
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Molecular landscape for food safety analysis is rapidly revolutionizing because of high resolution and value added resulting analysis of next-generation sequencing (NGS) approaches. These modern sequencing technologies drive worldwide advancements in food safety and quality. Sequencing Technologies in Microbial Food Safety and Quality reviews several practices in that NGS contributes to foodborne pathogens functional characterization, management and control. This book focuses on potential uses of sequencing technologies in microbial food safety and quality and highlights present challenges in the food industry. Key Features: Application of whole genome sequencing technologies in disease diagnostics, surveillance, transmission, and outbreak investigation in food sector Impact of sequencing tools in the area of food microbiology Recent advances in genomic DNA sequencing of microbial species from single cells Microbial bioinformatics resources for food microbiology High-throughput insertion tracking by deep sequencing for the analysis of food pathogens This book includes contributions from experts who have manipulated sequencing tools in relation to microbial food safety and quality. Presenting comprehensive details about NGS approaches in food science, this book is an updated and reliable reference for food scientists, nutritionists, food product investigators to study and implement the sequencing technologies for developing quality and safe food. This book would also serve as informative resource for food industry officials, government researchers, food science or food nutrition students who seek comprehensive knowledge about the role of emerging sequencing technologies in revolutionizing the food industry.

Comprehensive Foodomics

Comprehensive Foodomics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-11-12
ISBN : 0128163968
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Comprehensive Foodomics offers a definitive collection of over 150 articles that provide researchers with innovative answers to crucial questions relating to food quality, safety and its vital and complex links to our health. Topics covered include transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics, genomics, green foodomics, epigenetics and noncoding RNA, food safety, food bioactivity and health, food quality and traceability, data treatment and systems biology. Logically structured into 10 focused sections, each article is authored by world leading scientists who cover the whole breadth of Omics and related technologies, including the latest advances and applications. By bringing all this information together in an easily navigable reference, food scientists and nutritionists in both academia and industry will find it the perfect, modern day compendium for frequent reference. List of sections and Section Editors: Genomics - Olivia McAuliffe, Dept of Food Biosciences, Moorepark, Fermoy, Co. Cork, Ireland Epigenetics & Noncoding RNA - Juan Cui, Department of Computer Science & Engineering, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE Transcriptomics - Robert Henry, Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, Australia Proteomics - Jens Brockmeyer, Institute of Biochemistry and Technical Biochemistry, University Stuttgart, Germany Metabolomics - Philippe Schmitt-Kopplin, Research Unit Analytical BioGeoChemistry, Neuherberg, Germany Omics data treatment, System Biology and Foodomics - Carlos Leon Canseco, Visiting Professor, Biomedical Engineering, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid Green Foodomics - Elena Ibanez, Foodomics Lab, CIAL, CSIC, Madrid, Spain Food safety and Foodomics - Djuro Josić, Professor Medicine (Research) Warren Alpert Medical School, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA & Sandra Kraljević Pavelić, University of Rijeka, Department of Biotechnology, Rijeka, Croatia Food Quality, Traceability and Foodomics - Daniel Cozzolino, Centre for Nutrition and Food Sciences, The University of Queensland, Queensland, Australia Food Bioactivity, Health and Foodomics - Miguel Herrero, Department of Bioactivity and Food Analysis, Foodomics Lab, CIAL, CSIC, Madrid, Spain Brings all relevant foodomics information together in one place, offering readers a ‘one-stop,’ comprehensive resource for access to a wealth of information Includes articles written by academics and practitioners from various fields and regions Provides an ideal resource for students, researchers and professionals who need to find relevant information quickly and easily Includes content from high quality authors from across the globe

Nutrition and Genomics

Nutrition and Genomics Book
Author : David Castle,Nola Ries
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2009-04-14
ISBN : 9780080920825
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nutrigenomics is the rapidly developing field of science that studies nutrient-gene interaction. This field has broad implications for understanding the interaction of human genomics and nutrition, but can also have very specific implications for individual dietary recommendations in light of personal genetics. Predicted applications for nutrigenomics include genomics-based dietary guidelines and personalized nutrition based on individual genetic tests. These developments have sweeping ethical, legal and regulatory implications for individuals, corporations and governments. This book brings together experts in ethics, law, regulatory analysis, and communication studies to identify and address relevant issues in the emerging field of nutritional genomics. Contributing authors are experts in the social aspects of biotechnology innovation, with expertise in nutrigenomics. From addressing the concern that nutrigenomics will transform food into medicine and undermine pleasures associated with eating to the latest in the science of nutrigenomics, this book provides a world-wide perspective on the potential impact of nutrigenomics on our association with food. *Explores the rapidly developing, yet not fully understood, impact of nutrigenomics on the relationship to food medicalization, genetic privacy, nutrition and health. *Provides ground for further exploration to identify issues and provide analysis to aid in policy and regulation development *Provides ethical and legal insights into this unfolding science, as well as serving as a model for thinking about issues arising in other fields of science and technology

Nutritional Genomics

Nutritional Genomics Book
Author : Wayne R. Bidlack,Raymond L. Rodriguez
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-04-19
ISBN : 1439844534
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The notion of matching diet with an individual's genetic makeup is transforming the way the public views nutrition as a means of managing health and preventing disease. To fulfill the promise of nutritional genomics, researchers are beginning to reconcile the diverse properties of dietary factors with our current knowledge of genome structure and g

Foodborne Bacterial Pathogens

Foodborne Bacterial Pathogens Book
Author : Arnaud Bridier
Publisher : Humana
Release : 2018-12-23
ISBN : 9781493989997
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume presents a compilation of various representative techniques and approaches currently used to study bacterial foodborne pathogens. Chapters guide the reader through bacterial pathogen detection and quantification in food, molecular, phenotypic, metabolic characterization of food pathogens, and ecology of foodborne bacterial pathogens. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and cutting-edge, Foodborne Bacterial Pathogens : Methods and Protocols aims to server as a guide both for researchers, students, and those in the food industry who want to have an overview of current approaches and protocols used to study bacterial foodborne pathogens.

Nutrigenomics and the Future of Nutrition

Nutrigenomics and the Future of Nutrition Book
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Food and Nutrition Board,Food Forum
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2018-08-27
ISBN : 0309477646
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

On December 5, 2017, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine hosted a public workshop titled Nutrigenomics and the Future of Nutrition in Washington, DC, to review current knowledge in the field of nutrigenomics as it relates to nutrition. Workshop participants explored the influence of genetic and epigenetic expression on nutritional status and the potential impact of personalized nutrition on health maintenance and chronic disease prevention. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

Safety of Genetically Engineered Foods

Safety of Genetically Engineered Foods Book
Author : National Research Council,Institute of Medicine,Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources,Food and Nutrition Board,Board on Life Sciences,Committee on Identifying and Assessing Unintended Effects of Genetically Engineered Foods on Human Health
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2004-07-08
ISBN : 9780309166157
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Assists policymakers in evaluating the appropriate scientific methods for detecting unintended changes in food and assessing the potential for adverse health effects from genetically modified products. In this book, the committee recommended that greater scrutiny should be given to foods containing new compounds or unusual amounts of naturally occurring substances, regardless of the method used to create them. The book offers a framework to guide federal agencies in selecting the route of safety assessment. It identifies and recommends several pre- and post-market approaches to guide the assessment of unintended compositional changes that could result from genetically modified foods and research avenues to fill the knowledge gaps.

Tracing Pathogens in the Food Chain

Tracing Pathogens in the Food Chain Book
Author : Stanley Brul,P M Fratamico,Thomas A. McMeekin
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-11-23
ISBN : 085709050X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Successful methods for the detection and investigation of outbreaks of foodborne disease are essential for ensuring consumer safety. Increased understanding of the transmission of pathogens in food chains will also assist efforts to safeguard public health. Tracing pathogens in the food chain reviews key aspects of the surveillance, analysis and spread of foodborne pathogens at different stages of industrial food production and processing. Part one provides an introduction to foodborne pathogen surveillance, outbreak investigation and control. Part two concentrates on subtyping of foodborne pathogens, with chapters on phenoytypic subtyping and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, as well as emerging methods. The vital topics of method validation and quality assurance are also covered. The focus in Part three is on particular techniques for the surveillance and study of pathogens, such as protein-based analysis, ribotyping and comparative genomics. Finally, Part four focuses on tracing pathogens in specific food chains, such as red meat and game, dairy, fish and shellfish. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, Tracing pathogens in the food chain is a standard reference for researchers, public health experts and food industry professionals concerned with the study and control of foodborne disease. Reviews key aspects of the surveillance, analysis and spread of foodborne pathogens Provides an overview of method validation and quality assurance Examines the tracing of pathogens in specific food chains, such as red meat, game and dairy

Trends in Food Safety and Protection

Trends in Food Safety and Protection Book
Author : V Ravishankar Rai,Jamuna A Bai
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-09-18
ISBN : 1351628933
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Trends in Food Safety and Protection explores the recent developments and ongoing research in the field of food safety and protection. The book covers improvements in the existing techniques and implementation of novel analytical methods for detecting and characterizing foodborne pathogens.

Food Safety and Quality Based Shelf Life of Perishable Foods

Food Safety and Quality Based Shelf Life of Perishable Foods Book
Author : Peter J. Taormina,Margaret D. Hardin
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021
ISBN : 3030543757
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses the shelf life of foods, a key factor in determining how food is distributed and consequently where and when different food products are available for consumption. Shelf life is determined by several factors, including microbiological, chemical, physical, and organoleptic deterioration. Often these factors are interrelated and interdependent. The editors of this volume focus specifically on the microbial factors related to shelf life of perishable foods and food commodities. This allows for more detailed coverage of foodborne bacterial pathogens and spoilage microorganisms of concern. The initial part of the book covers the why and how of shelf life determination as well as the specific microbial pathogens and spoilage microorganisms of concern for perishable foods. Contributors address topics such as the techniques utilized for determination of shelf life, the frequency of shelf life testing for different products, the interpretation of data to make shelf life determinations, and management of shelf life of food products from the perspective of the food producer, distributor, retailer, and regulator. Three key areas impacting shelf life are addressed in detail: sanitation, processing, and packaging. The sanitation chapter explains the necessary components of cleaning and sanitizing to assure a hygienic processing environment and why that is critical to shelf life control. Traditional processing procedures are reviewed and advanced processing technologies are explored. Materials used in food packaging and the utilization of traditional and activated food packaging by product type are covered in detail. The latter two chapters of the book delve into newer techniques of analysis and explore the microbiome of food products. Implications of microbial ecology and microbial quantification in food products are discussed in chapters on genomics and in the changing dogma of meat shelf life. The primary audience for this work includes food industry quality and food safety technicians, managers, directors, and executives responsible for shelf life. Academicians and governmental researchers involved in research and teaching about food safety and quality will also find the material relevant and useful.

The New Science of Metagenomics

The New Science of Metagenomics Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Life Sciences,Committee on Metagenomics: Challenges and Functional Applications
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2007-05-24
ISBN : 9780309185752
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Although we can't usually see them, microbes are essential for every part of human life -- indeed all life on Earth. The emerging field of metagenomics offers a new way of exploring the microbial world that will transform modern microbiology and lead to practical applications in medicine, agriculture, alternative energy, environmental remediation, and many others areas. Metagenomics allows researchers to look at the genomes of all of the microbes in an environment at once, providing a "meta" view of the whole microbial community and the complex interactions within it. It's a quantum leap beyond traditional research techniques that rely on studying -- one at a time -- the few microbes that can be grown in the laboratory. At the request of the National Science Foundation, five Institutes of the National Institutes of Health, and the Department of Energy, the National Research Council organized a committee to address the current state of metagenomics and identify obstacles current researchers are facing in order to determine how to best support the field and encourage its success. The New Science of Metagenomics recommends the establishment of a "Global Metagenomics Initiative" comprising a small number of large-scale metagenomics projects as well as many medium- and small-scale projects to advance the technology and develop the standard practices needed to advance the field. The report also addresses database needs, methodological challenges, and the importance of interdisciplinary collaboration in supporting this new field.

Food and Feed Safety Systems and Analysis

Food and Feed Safety Systems and Analysis Book
Author : Steven C Ricke,Griffiths G. Atungulu,Chase Rainwater,Si Hong Park
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-10-27
ISBN : 0128498889
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Food and Feed Safety Systems and Analysis discusses the integration of food safety with recent research developments in food borne pathogens. The book covers food systems, food borne ecology, how to conduct research on food safety and food borne pathogens, and developing educational materials to train incoming professionals in the field. Topics include data analysis and cyber security for food safety systems, control of food borne pathogens and supply chain logistics. The book uniquely covers current food safety perspectives on integrating food systems concepts into pet food manufacturing, as well as data analyses aspects of food systems. Explores cutting edge research about emerging issues associated with food safety Includes new research on understanding foodborne Salmonella, Listeria and E. coli Presents foodborne pathogens and whole genome sequencing applications Provides concepts and issues related to pet and animal feed safety

Genomic Medicine

Genomic Medicine Book
Author : Dhavendra Kumar,Charis Eng
Publisher : Oxford Monographs on Medical G
Release : 2014-10-15
ISBN : 019989602X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Preceded by Genomics and clinical medicine / edited by Dhavendra Kumar. [First edition]. 2008.

Safety and Practice for Organic Food

Safety and Practice for Organic Food Book
Author : Debabrata Biswas,Shirley A. Micallef
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-06-06
ISBN : 0128120614
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Safety and Practice for Organic Food covers current food safety issues and trends. It provides detailed information on all organic and pasture practices including produce-only, farm-animal-only or integrated crop-livestock farming, as well as the impact of these practices on food safety and foodborne infections. The book explores food products that organic, integrated and traditional farming systems are contributing to consumers. As the demand for organic food products grows faster than ever, this book discusses current and improved practices for safer products. Moreover, the book explores progressive directions, such as the application of next-generation sequencing and genomics to aid in the understanding of the microbial ecology of the agro-environment and how farmer education can contribute to sustainable and safe food. Safety and Practice for Organic Food is a unique source of organic agricultural practices and food production for researchers, academics and professionals at agriculture-based universities and colleges who are involved in food science, animal sciences including poultry science, food safety, food microbiology, plant science and agricultural extension. This book is also an excellent source of information for regulators and federal government officials (USDA, FDA, EPA) and the food processing industry. Discusses limitations in pre-harvest and post-harvest level practices with specific information on risk and bio-security of existing organic production systems Explores policies and guidelines for organic food production and future directions for safer and more sustainable management Presents microbial and other biological hazards at pre-harvest and post-harvest levels

Genomic Epidemiology Data Infrastructure Needs for SARS CoV 2

Genomic Epidemiology Data Infrastructure Needs for SARS CoV 2 Book
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Life Sciences,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on Data Needs to Monitor the Evolution of SARS-CoV-2
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2020-10-29
ISBN : 0309680913
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In December 2019, new cases of severe pneumonia were first detected in Wuhan, China, and the cause was determined to be a novel beta coronavirus related to the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) coronavirus that emerged from a bat reservoir in 2002. Within six months, this new virusâ€"SARS coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)â€"has spread worldwide, infecting at least 10 million people with an estimated 500,000 deaths. COVID-19, the disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, was declared a public health emergency of international concern on January 30, 2020 by the World Health Organization (WHO) and a pandemic on March 11, 2020. To date, there is no approved effective treatment or vaccine for COVID-19, and it continues to spread in many countries. Genomic Epidemiology Data Infrastructure Needs for SARS-CoV-2: Modernizing Pandemic Response Strategies lays out a framework to define and describe the data needs for a system to track and correlate viral genome sequences with clinical and epidemiological data. Such a system would help ensure the integration of data on viral evolution with detection, diagnostic, and countermeasure efforts. This report also explores data collection mechanisms to ensure a representative global sample set of all relevant extant sequences and considers challenges and opportunities for coordination across existing domestic, global, and regional data sources.

Genomics

Genomics Book
Author : Supratim Choudhuri,David B. Carlson
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2008-10-09
ISBN : 9781420067057
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This unique new text delivers a solid foundation for understanding the role of genomics in human health and in advances that promise to help improve the quality of human life. Unlike other works that focus mainly on toxicogenomic techniques, Genomics presents a thorough overview of the field in four major sections: 1) fundamentals of genes and genome structure, function, expression, variations, and genomic technology platforms; 2) applications of genomics in drug discovery and drug development, safety evaluation, genomic database maintenance, mining, and analysis, food safety monitoring, and translational toxicogenomics; 3) how regulatory agencies such as the FDA and EPA use genomic data in their safety evaluation; and 4) a summary of the current state and the future prospect of the science of genomics. With an international perspective and practical case studies, Genomics is the first resource to present essential discussion of theory and application for: eukaryotic genomes epigenomics translational genomics and biomarker development