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Genetics And Evolution Of Infectious Diseases

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Genetics and Evolution of Infectious Diseases

Genetics and Evolution of Infectious Diseases Book
Author : Michel Tibayrenc
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-01-12
ISBN : 0128001534
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Genetics and Evolution of Infectious Diseases, Second Edition, discusses the constantly evolving field of infectious diseases and their continued impact on the health of populations, especially in resource-limited areas of the world. Students in public health, biomedical professionals, clinicians, public health practitioners, and decisions-makers will find valuable information in this book that is relevant to the control and prevention of neglected and emerging worldwide diseases that are a major cause of global morbidity, disability, and mortality. Although substantial gains have been made in public health interventions for the treatment, prevention, and control of infectious diseases during the last century, in recent decades the world has witnessed a worldwide human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) pandemic, increasing antimicrobial resistance, and the emergence of many new bacterial, fungal, parasitic, and viral pathogens. The economic, social, and political burden of infectious diseases is most evident in developing countries which must confront the dual burden of death and disability due to infectious and chronic illnesses. Takes an integrated approach to infectious diseases Includes contributions from leading authorities Provides the latest developments in the field of infectious disease

Infectious Disease and Host Pathogen Evolution

Infectious Disease and Host Pathogen Evolution Book
Author : Krishna R. Dronamraju
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2004-04-05
ISBN : 1139451693
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book, originally published in 2004, is concerned with the links between human evolution and infectious disease. It has long been recognised that an important factor in human evolution has been the struggle against infectious disease and, more recently, it was revealed that complex genetic polymorphisms are the direct result of that struggle. As molecular biological techniques become more sophisticated, a number of breakthroughs in the area of host-pathogen evolution led to an increased interest in this field. From the historical beginnings of J. B. S. Haldane's original hypothesis to more recent research, this book strives to evaluate infectious diseases from an evolutionary perspective. It provides a survey of information regarding host-pathogen evolution related to major infectious diseases and parasitic infections, including malaria, influenza and leishmaniasis. Written by leading authorities in the field, and edited by a former pupil of Haldane, Infectious Disease and Host-Pathogen Evolution will be valuable for those working in related areas of microbiology, parasitology, immunology and infectious disease medicine, as well as genetics, evolutionary biology and epidemiology.

8th International Meeting on Molecular Epidemiology and Evolutionary Genetics of Infectious Diseases 2006

8th International Meeting on Molecular Epidemiology and Evolutionary Genetics of Infectious Diseases  2006 Book
Author : Michel Tibayrenc
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download 8th International Meeting on Molecular Epidemiology and Evolutionary Genetics of Infectious Diseases 2006 book written by Michel Tibayrenc, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

New Frontiers of Molecular Epidemiology of Infectious Diseases

New Frontiers of Molecular Epidemiology of Infectious Diseases Book
Author : Serge Morand,François Beaudeau,Jacques Cabaret
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-09-08
ISBN : 9789400721142
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Molecular epidemiology has recently broaden its focuses due to the development of molecular tools but also by incorporating advances of other fields such as mathematical epidemiology, molecular ecology, population genetics and evolution. Facing new risks of emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases that are threats for humans and their livestock, the objectives of molecular epidemiology include: - the development of molecular tools, genotyping and gene expression - the incorporation of concepts and results of population genetics of infectious diseases - the integration of recent advances in theoretical epidemiology and evolutionary ecology of diseases - a better understanding of transmission for the development of risk factors analyses. This book will demonstrate how the latest developments in molecular tools and in epidemiology can be integrated with studies of host-pathogen interactions. Besides a strong theoretical component, there will also be an emphasis on applications in the fields of epidemiology, public health, veterinary medicine, and health ecology. Students and researchers in the fields of epidemiology, animal and human health, evolutionary ecology, parasitology are the main potential readers of the book, as well as a broader audience from veterinary medicine and conservation.

American Trypanosomiasis

American Trypanosomiasis Book
Author : Jenny Telleria,Michel Tibayrenc
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-09-03
ISBN : 9780123848772
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chagas disease causes severe socioeconomic impact and a high medical cost in Latin America. WHO and the World Bank consider Chagas disease as the fourth most transmittable disease to have a major impact on public health in Latin America: 120 million persons are potentially exposed, 16 to 18 million of whom are presently infected, causing 45,000 to 50,000 deaths per year. It has been calculated that approximately 2.4 million potential working years are lost because of incapacity and mortality due to the disease, for an annual cost estimated at 20 billion Euros. American Trypanosomiasis provides a comprehensive overview of Chagas disease and discusses the latest discoveries concerning the three elements that compose the transmission chain of the disease: The host: human and mammalian reservoirs The insect vectors: domestic and sylvatic vectors The causative parasite: Trypanosoma cruzi Informs and updates on all the latest developments in the field Contributions from leading authorities and industry experts

Molecular Population Genetics and Evolution of Two Infectious Disease Systems

Molecular Population Genetics and Evolution of Two Infectious Disease Systems Book
Author : Stephen M. Rich
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1997
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Molecular Population Genetics and Evolution of Two Infectious Disease Systems book written by Stephen M. Rich, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Bacterial Population Genetics in Infectious Disease

Bacterial Population Genetics in Infectious Disease Book
Author : D. Ashley Robinson,Edward J Feil,Daniel Falush
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2010-03-16
ISBN : 9780470600115
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a unique synthesis of the major concepts and methods in bacterial population genetics in infectious disease, a field that is now about 35 yrs old. Emphasis is given to explaining population-level processes that shape genetic variation in bacterial populations and statistical methods of analysis of bacterial genetic data. A "how to" of bacterial population genetics, which covers an extremely large range of organisms Expanding area of science due to high-throughput genome sequencing of bacterial pathogens Covers both fundamental approaches to analyzing bacterial population structures with conceptual background in bacterial population biology Detailed treatment of statistical methods

Infections Disease and Host pathogen Evolution

Infections Disease and Host pathogen Evolution Book
Author : Krishna R. Dronamraju
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2004
ISBN : 9780511195112
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

It has long been recognised that an important factor in human evolution has been the struggle against infectious disease and, more recently, it has been revealed that complex genetic polymorphisms are the direct result of that struggle. As molecular biological techniques become more sophisticated, a number of breakthroughs in the area of host-pathogen evolution have led to an increased interest in this field. From the historical beginnings of J.B.S. Haldane's original hypothesis to current research, this book strives to evaluate infectious diseases from an evolutionary perspective. It provides a survey of the latest information regarding host-pathogen evolution related to major infectious diseases and parasitic infections, including malaria, influenza and leishmaniasis. Written by leading authorities in the field, and edited by a former pupil of Haldane, Infectious Disease and Host-Pathogen Evolution will be a valuable reference for those working in related areas of microbiology, parasitology, immunology and infectious disease medicine, as well as genetics, evolutionary biology and epidemiology.

Genetics of Host and Parasite

Genetics of Host and Parasite Book
Author : Derek Wakelin,D. Walliker,Leslie H. Chappell
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 1996
ISBN : 9780521589369
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This collection of articles, edited by D. Wakelin and D. Walliker include: Genetic variability in parasites and host-parasite interactions; Host genetics and infectious disease; T cell and cytokine basis of host variability in response to intestinal nematode infections; The role of MHC- and non-MHC-associated genes in determining the human immune response to malaria antigens; Influence of host and parasite genotypes on immunological control of Theileria parasites; Genetic susceptibility to leishmanial infections: studies in mice and man; Genetic susceptibility to malaria and other infectious diseases: from MHC to the whole genome. This volume is the specially commissioned supplement to the journal Parasitology, volume 112.

New Frontiers of Molecular Epidemiology of Infectious Diseases

New Frontiers of Molecular Epidemiology of Infectious Diseases Book
Author : Serge Morand,François Beaudeau,Jacques Cabaret
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2011-09-17
ISBN : 9789400721159
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Molecular epidemiology has recently broaden its focuses due to the development of molecular tools but also by incorporating advances of other fields such as mathematical epidemiology, molecular ecology, population genetics and evolution. Facing new risks of emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases that are threats for humans and their livestock, the objectives of molecular epidemiology include: - the development of molecular tools, genotyping and gene expression - the incorporation of concepts and results of population genetics of infectious diseases - the integration of recent advances in theoretical epidemiology and evolutionary ecology of diseases - a better understanding of transmission for the development of risk factors analyses. This book will demonstrate how the latest developments in molecular tools and in epidemiology can be integrated with studies of host-pathogen interactions. Besides a strong theoretical component, there will also be an emphasis on applications in the fields of epidemiology, public health, veterinary medicine, and health ecology. Students and researchers in the fields of epidemiology, animal and human health, evolutionary ecology, parasitology are the main potential readers of the book, as well as a broader audience from veterinary medicine and conservation.

Abstracts of MEEGID VI 6thInternational Meeting on Molecular Epidemiology and Evolutionary Genetics of Infectious Diseases

Abstracts of MEEGID   VI  6thInternational Meeting on Molecular Epidemiology and Evolutionary Genetics of Infectious Diseases Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Abstracts of MEEGID VI 6thInternational Meeting on Molecular Epidemiology and Evolutionary Genetics of Infectious Diseases book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Evolution in Health and Disease

Evolution in Health and Disease Book
Author : Stephen C. Stearns,Jacob C. Koella
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0199207453
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A fully revised edition of a volume written by the world's leading authorities on this subject. It discusses how the evolution of humans and their pathogens have generated important medical issues, covering both infectious and degenerative diseases. It presents important ideas that are not yet sufficiently appreciated in the medical community.

Encyclopedia of Infectious Diseases

Encyclopedia of Infectious Diseases Book
Author : Michel Tibayrenc
Publisher : Wiley-Liss
Release : 2007-07-27
ISBN : 9780471657323
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Discover how the application of novel multidisciplinary, integrative approaches and technologies are dramatically changing our understanding of the pathogenesis of infectious diseases and their treatments. Each article presents the state of the science, with a strong emphasis on new and emerging medical applications. The Encyclopedia of Infectious Diseases is organized into five parts. The first part examines current threats such as AIDS, malaria, SARS, and influenza. The second part addresses the evolution of pathogens and the relationship between human genetic diversity and the spread of infectious diseases. The next two parts highlight the most promising uses of molecular identification, vector control, satellite detection, surveillance, modeling, and high-throughput technologies. The final part explores specialized topics of current concern, including bioterrorism, world market and infectious diseases, and antibiotics for public health. Each article is written by one or more leading experts in the field of infectious diseases. These experts place all the latest findings from various disciplines in context, helping readers understand what is currently known, what the next generation of breakthroughs is likely to be, and where more research is needed. Several features facilitate research and deepen readers' understanding of infectious diseases: Illustrations help readers understand the pathogenesis and diagnosis of infectious diseases Lists of Web resources serve as a gateway to important research centers, government agencies, and other sources of information from around the world Information boxes highlight basic principles and specialized terminology International contributions offer perspectives on how infectious diseases are viewed by different cultures A special chapter discusses the representation of infectious diseases in art With its multidisciplinary approach, this encyclopedia helps point researchers in new promising directions and helps health professionals better understand the nature and treatment of infectious diseases.

Evolution s Clinical Guidebook

Evolution s Clinical Guidebook Book
Author : Jules J. Berman
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-04-25
ISBN : 0128171278
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Evolution's Clinical Guidebook: Translating Ancient Genes into Precision Medicine demonstrates, through well-documented examples, how an understanding of the phylogenetic ancestry of humans allows us to make sense out of the flood of genetic data streaming from modern laboratories and how it can lead us to new ways to prevent, diagnose and treat diseases. Topics cover evolution and human genome, meiosis and other recombinants events, embryology, speciation, phylogeny, rare and common diseases, and the evolution of aging. This book is a valuable source for bioinformaticians and those in the biomedical field who need knowledge, down to gene level, to fully comprehend currently available data. Offers an innovative approach, focusing on how disease-associated pathways evolved Explains how the fields of phylogeny and embryology have become closely tied to the fields of genetics and bioinformatics Demonstrates how students and biomedical professionals can apply the knowledge obtained in this book to the theory and practice of precision medicine

Ecology and Evolution of Infectious Diseases

Ecology and Evolution of Infectious Diseases Book
Author : Benjamin Roche,Hélène Broutin,Frédéric Simard
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2018-05-11
ISBN : 0192507109
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent years, the ecology and evolution of infectious diseases has been studied extensively and new approaches to the study of host-pathogen interactions continue to emerge. At the same time, pathogen control in low-income countries has tended to remain largely informed by classical epidemiology, where the objective is to treat as many people as possible, despite recent research suggesting new opportunities for improved disease control in the context of limited economic resources. The need to integrate the scientific developments in the ecology and evolution of infectious diseases with public health strategy in low-income countries is now more important than ever. This novel text uniquely incorporates the latest research in ecology and evolutionary biology into the discussion of public health issues in low-income countries. It brings together an international team of experts from both universities and health NGOs to provide an up-to-date, authoritative, and challenging review of the ecology and evolution of infectious diseases, focusing on low-income countries for effective public health applications and outcomes. It discusses a range of public health threats including malaria, TB, HIV, measles, Ebola, tuberculosis, influenza and meningitis among others.

On Human Nature

On Human Nature Book
Author : Michel Tibayrenc,Francisco J. Ayala
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-09-12
ISBN : 0127999159
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

On Human Nature: Biology, Psychology, Ethics, Politics, and Religion covers the present state of knowledge on human diversity and its adaptative significance through a broad and eclectic selection of representative chapters. This transdisciplinary work brings together specialists from various fields who rarely interact, including geneticists, evolutionists, physicians, ethologists, psychoanalysts, anthropologists, sociologists, theologians, historians, linguists, and philosophers. Genomic diversity is covered in several chapters dealing with biology, including the differences in men and apes and the genetic diversity of mankind. Top specialists, known for their open mind and broad knowledge have been carefully selected to cover each topic. The book is therefore at the crossroads between biology and human sciences, going beyond classical science in the Popperian sense. The book is accessible not only to specialists, but also to students, professors, and the educated public. Glossaries of specialized terms and general public references help nonspecialists understand complex notions, with contributions avoiding technical jargon. Provides greater understanding of diversity and population structure and history, with crucial foundational knowledge needed to conduct research in a variety of fields, such as genetics and disease Includes three robust sections on biological, psychological, and ethical aspects, with cross-fertilization and reciprocal references between the three sections Contains contributions by leading experts in their respective fields working under the guidance of internationally recognized and highly respected editors

Dynamics of Cancer

Dynamics of Cancer Book
Author : Steven A. Frank
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 2007-07-22
ISBN : 9780691133669
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The onset of cancer presents one of the most fundamental problems in modern biology. In Dynamics of Cancer, Steven Frank produces the first comprehensive analysis of how particular genetic and environmental causes influence the age of onset. The book provides a unique conceptual and historical framework for understanding the causes of cancer and other diseases that increase with age. Using a novel quantitative framework of reliability and multistage breakdown, Frank unifies molecular, demographic, and evolutionary levels of analysis. He interprets a wide variety of observations on the age of cancer onset, the genetic and environmental causes of disease, and the organization of tissues with regard to stem cell biology and somatic mutation. Frank uses new quantitative methods to tackle some of the classic problems in cancer biology and aging: how the rate of increase in the incidence of lung cancer declines after individuals quit smoking, the distinction between the dosage of a chemical carcinogen and the time of exposure, and the role of inherited genetic variation in familial patterns of cancer. This is the only book that presents a full analysis of the age of cancer onset. It is a superb teaching tool and a rich source of ideas for new and experienced researchers. For cancer biologists, population geneticists, evolutionary biologists, and demographers interested in aging, this book provides new insight into disease progression, the inheritance of predisposition to disease, and the evolutionary processes that have shaped organismal design.

Microbial Population Biology

Microbial Population Biology Book
Author : Source Wikipedia
Publisher : University-Press.org
Release : 2013-09
ISBN : 9781230514673
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 22. Chapters: Emerging infectious disease, Endosymbiont, Error threshold (evolution), Gene transfer agent, Horizontal gene transfer, Microbial ecology, Microbial intelligence, Phage ecology, Phospholipid-derived fatty acids, Quasispecies model, Serial passage, Viral decay acceleration, Viral evolution, Viral quasispecies. Excerpt: Horizontal gene transfer (HGT) refers to the transfer of genes between organisms in a manner other than traditional reproduction. Also termed lateral gene transfer, it contrasts with vertical transfer, the transmission of genes from the parental generation to offspring via sexual or asexual reproduction. HGT has been shown to be an important factor in the evolution of many organisms. Horizontal gene transfer is the primary reason for bacterial antibiotic resistance, and plays an important role in the evolution of bacteria that can degrade novel compounds such as human-created pesticides and in the evolution, maintenance, and transmission of virulence. This horizontal gene transfer often involves temperate bacteriophages and plasmids. Genes that are responsible for antibiotic resistance in one species of bacteria can be transferred to another species of bacteria through various mechanisms (e.g., via F-pilus), subsequently arming the antibiotic resistant genes' recipient against antibiotics, which is becoming a medical challenge to deal with. This is the most critical reason that antibiotics must not be consumed and administered to patients without appropriate prescription from a medical physician. Most thinking in genetics has focused upon vertical transfer, but there is a growing awareness that horizontal gene transfer is a highly significant phenomenon and amongst single-celled organisms perhaps the dominant form of genetic transfer. Artificial horizontal gene transfer is a form of genetic...

Evolutionary Parasitology

Evolutionary Parasitology Book
Author : Paul Schmid-Hempel
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2021-07-15
ISBN : 0192568159
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Parasites and infectious diseases are everywhere and represent some of the most potent forces shaping the natural world. They affect almost every aspect imaginable in the life of their hosts, even as far as the structure of entire ecosystems. Hosts, in turn, have evolved complex defences, with immune systems being among the most sophisticated processes known in nature. In response, parasites have again found ways to manipulate and exploit their hosts. Ever since life began, hosts and parasites have taken part in this relentless co-evolutionary struggle with far-reaching consequences for us all. Today, concepts borrowed from evolution, ecology, parasitology, and immunology have formed a new synthesis for the study of host-parasite interactions. Evolutionary parasitology builds on these established fields of scientific enquiry but also includes some of the most successful inter-disciplinary areas of modern biology such as evolutionary epidemiology and ecological immunology. The first edition of this innovative text quickly became the standard reference text for this new discipline. Since then, the field has progressed rapidly and an update is now required. This new edition has been thoroughly revised to provide a state-of-the-art overview, from the molecular bases to adaptive strategies and their ecological and evolutionary consequences. It includes completely new material on topics such as microbiota, evolutionary genomics, phylodynamics, within-host evolution, epidemiology, disease spaces, and emergent diseases. Evolutionary Parasitology is suitable for advanced undergraduates, graduate level students, and interdisciplinary researchers from a variety of fields including immunology, genetics, sexual selection, population ecology, behavioural ecology, epidemiology, and evolutionary biology. Those studying and working in adjacent fields such as conservation biology, virology, medicine, and public health will also find it an invaluable resource for connecting to the bases of their science.