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Gastrointestinal Tissue

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Gastrointestinal Tissue

Gastrointestinal Tissue Book
Author : Jordi Gracia-Sancho,M. Josepa Salvadó
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-05-10
ISBN : 0128093005
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Gastrointestinal Tissue: Oxidative Stress and Dietary Antioxidants brings together leading experts from world renowned institutions, combining the basic mechanisms of gastrointestinal diseases with information regarding new and alternative treatments. The processes within the science of oxidative stress are described in concert with other processes, including apoptosis, cell signaling and receptor mediated responses, further recognizing that diseases are often multifactorial with oxidative stress as a component. By combining the critical molecular processes underlying free radical mediated pathologies and the role of dietary antioxidant molecules, a connection is made that helps advance therapies and the prevention of gastrointestinal pathological processes. This important reference is well designed with two complementary sections. Section One, Oxidative Stress and Gastroenterology, covers the basic processes of oxidative stress from molecular biology to whole organs, the gastrointestinal anatomy and sources of oxidative stress and free radicals and their products in gastrointestinal diseases. Section Two, Antioxidants and Gastroenterology covers antioxidants in foods, including plants and components. Covers the science of oxidative stress in gastrointestinal tissue and associated conditions and scenarios Provides information on optimal levels for human consumption of antioxidants, suggested requirements per day, recommended dietary allowances and curative/preventive effects of dietary antioxidants Presents an easy to reference guide with two complementary sections that discuss the pathophysiology of gastrointestinal diseases in relation to oxidative stress and antioxidant therapies

Regulation of Gastrointestinal Mucosal Growth

Regulation of Gastrointestinal Mucosal Growth Book
Author : Rao N. Jaladanki,Jian-Ying Wang
Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Release : 2011
ISBN : 161504132X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The mammalian gastrointestinal mucosa is a rapidly self-renewing tissue in the body, and its homeostasis is preserved through the strict regulation of epithelial cell proliferation, growth arrest, and apoptosis. The control of the growth of gastrointestinal mucosa is unique and, compared with most other tissue in the body, complex. Mucosal growth is regulated by the same hormones that alter metabolism in other tissues, but the gastrointestinal mucosa also responds to a host of events triggered by the ingestion and presence of food within the digestive tract. These gut hormones and peptides regulate the growth of the exocrine pancreas, gallbladder epithelium, and the mucosa of the oxyntic gland region of the stomach and the small and large intestines. Luminal factors (nutrients or other dietary factors, secretions, and microbes), which occur within the lumen and distribute over a proximal-to-distal gradient, are also crucial for the maintenance of the normal gut mucosal growth and could explain the villous height-crypt depth gradient and variety of adaptations since these factors are diluted, absorbed, and destroyed as they pass down the digestive tract. Recently, intestinal stem cells and polyamines are shown to play an important role in the regulation of gastrointestinal mucosal growth under physiological and various pathological conditions. In this chapter, we highlight key issues and factors that control gastrointestinal mucosal growth, with special emphasis on the mechanisms through which epithelial renewal is regulated by polyamines at the cellular and molecular levels. Table of Contents: Introduction / Intestinal Architecture and Development / Characteristics of Gut Mucosal Growth / Intestinal Stem Cells / Role of GI Hormones on the Gut Mucosal Growth / Peptide Growth Factors in GI Mucosal Growth / Luminal Nutrients and Microbes in Gut Mucosal Growth / Polyamines in the Regulation of Mucosal Growth / Summary and Conclusions / Acknowledgments / References

International Journal of Tissue Reactions

International Journal of Tissue Reactions Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1987
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download International Journal of Tissue Reactions book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Gastrointestinal Reflux Disease New Insights for the Healthcare Professional 2013 Edition

Gastrointestinal Reflux Disease  New Insights for the Healthcare Professional  2013 Edition Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
Release : 2013-07-22
ISBN : 1481658905
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Gastrointestinal Reflux Disease: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyBrief™ that delivers timely, authoritative, comprehensive, and specialized information about Additional Research in a concise format. The editors have built Gastrointestinal Reflux Disease: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Additional Research in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Gastrointestinal Reflux Disease: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Biomechanics of the Gastrointestinal Tract

Biomechanics of the Gastrointestinal Tract Book
Author : Hans Gregersen
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-04-18
ISBN : 1447137426
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomechanics of the Gastrointestinal Tract is an up-to-date book for researchers on the study of the mechanical properties and the motor system of the gastrointestinal tract. A well-illustrated book, it provides a comprehensive overview to relevant tissue geometry, morphology and biomechanical theory. Separate chapters cover smooth muscle and nerve function including the application to animal and human studies of motility, symptoms and pain, determination of the true resting state, history-dependent properties, and tissue remodelling in disease. Several methods and diagnostic applications such as determination of in vivo length-tension diagrams and multimodal pain testing are completely new but will undoubtedly be used by many in the future. New non-invasive imaging techniques based on ultrasound, MR- and CT-scanning in combination with balloon distension are emerging as the techniques for future in vivo studies.

Tissue Engineering

Tissue Engineering Book
Author : John P. Fisher
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-12-31
ISBN : 0387341331
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This special issue of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology presents much of the research described at the recent 2nd International Tissue Engineering Conference held in Crete in May 2005. The conference brought together over 150 researchers from around the world to examine the emerging and most advanced aspects of their particular field. The chapters reflect a diverse group of authors, including both clinicians and academicians.

Immunopharmacology of the Gastrointestinal System

Immunopharmacology of the Gastrointestinal System Book
Author : John L. Wallace
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 1993-03-01
ISBN : 1483289338
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Diseases of the digestive system have a higher morbidity rate than any other group of disorder. There is a growing body of evidence that the immune system participates in the pathogenesis of a wide range of these diseases, including peptic ulcer disease and the gastropathy induced by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS). For these reasons, efforts to develop novel therapies for digestive diseases are increasingly focused on the immune system. This volume reviews the immunopharmacology of the gastrointestinal tract at four distinct levels: Immunomodulation at a cellular level Cellular targers for immunomodulating drugs Specific classes of inflammatory mediators Utility and mechanisms of action of glucocorticoids in the treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.

Translational Regenerative Medicine

Translational Regenerative Medicine Book
Author : Anthony Atala,Julie Allickson
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-12-01
ISBN : 0124104576
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Translational Regenerative Medicine is a reference book that outlines the life cycle for effective implementation of discoveries in the dynamic field of regenerative medicine. By addressing science, technology, development, regulatory, manufacturing, intellectual property, investment, financial, and clinical aspects of the field, this work takes a holistic look at the translation of science and disseminates knowledge for practical use of regenerative medicine tools, therapeutics, and diagnostics. Incorporating contributions from leaders in the fields of translational science across academia, industry, and government, this book establishes a more fluid transition for rapid translation of research to enhance human health and well-being. Provides formulaic coverage of the landscape, process development, manufacturing, challenges, evaluation, and regulatory aspects of the most promising regenerative medicine clinical applications Covers clinical aspects of regenerative medicine related to skin, cartilage, tendons, ligaments, joints, bone, fat, muscle, vascular system, hematopoietic /immune system, peripheral nerve, central nervous system, endocrine system, ophthalmic system, auditory system, oral system, respiratory system, cardiac system, renal system, hepatic system, gastrointestinal system, genitourinary system Identifies effective, proven tools and metrics to identify and pursue clinical and commercial regenerative medicine

Salivary Gastric Pancreatic and Hepatobiliary Secretion

Salivary  Gastric  Pancreatic  and Hepatobiliary Secretion Book
Author : John G. Forte,Stanley G. Schultz,Brenda B. Rauner
Publisher : Amer Physiological Society
Release : 1989
ISBN : 9780195208160
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The third volume in The Gastrointestinal System reflects the expansion of knowledge of the cell physiology of secretion. Each chapter, grouped by traditional anatomical location, was written emphasizing the cellular bases of secretion and includes a review of the broader as well as the more integrative aspects of secretion.

Surgical Pathology of Non neoplastic Gastrointestinal Diseases

Surgical Pathology of Non neoplastic Gastrointestinal Diseases Book
Author : Lizhi Zhang,Vishal S. Chandan,Tsung-Teh Wu
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-06-24
ISBN : 3030155730
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers the entire spectrum of non-neoplastic diseases within the gastrointestinal (GI) tract including new entities, recent developments, and questions that arise in the practice of GI pathology. The text is organized by specific organ site, with related disorders of each organ site subgrouped into several chapters based on their common features. Pathologists can quickly find the disorders they are interested and review similar disorders in the same chapter to help them make a correct diagnosis. Each major and common entity is described in detail with its definition, clinical features, pathological features (covering both the gross and microscopic details), differential diagnosis and treatment/prognosis. All chapters also highlight the use of special/immunohistochemical stains and other supporting studies as needed with a focus on providing a practical differential diagnosis rather than just a list of potential associations. This book is extensively illustrated with both gross and microscopic images that act as an integral part of the information provided in the text. Written by practicing GI/liver pathologists and gastroenterologists from the Mayo Clinic, Surgical Pathology of Non-neoplastic Gastrointestinal Diseases serves as a comprehensive yet practical guide for diagnostic surgical pathologists with a passion for GI pathology.

Gastrointestinal Defence Mechanisms

Gastrointestinal Defence Mechanisms Book
Author : Gy. Mózsik,O. Hänninen,T. Jàvor
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 1483190188
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Physiological Sciences, Volume 29: Gastrointestinal Defence Mechanisms is a collection of papers that details the findings of research studies on the theoretical and practical aspects of the gastrointestinal defense mechanisms. The title first covers circulation and mucosal defense, and then proceeds to tackling the association of gastrointestinal mechanisms with the secretory functions. Next, the selection deals with the resistance in gastric mucosa and mucosal energy provision. The text also discusses cell renewal and toxicity, along with biotransformation and nutrition. In Part VII, the title details the immunomechanisms of defense at mucosa. The last part covers the second line defense at liver and enterohepatic circulation. The book will of great interest to both researchers and practitioners of medical fields concerned with the digestive system.

Physiology of the Gastrointestinal Tract Two Volume Set

Physiology of the Gastrointestinal Tract  Two Volume Set Book
Author : Hamid M. Said
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012-07-04
ISBN : 0123820278
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Physiology of the Gastrointestinal Tract, Fifth Edition — winner of a 2013 Highly Commended BMA Medical Book Award for Internal Medicine — covers the study of the mechanical, physical, and biochemical functions of the GI Tract while linking the clinical disease or disorder, bridging the gap between clinical and laboratory medicine. The gastrointestinal system is responsible for the breakdown and absorption of various foods and liquids needed to sustain life. Other diseases and disorders treated by clinicians in this area include: food allergies, constipation, chronic liver disease and cirrhosis, gallstones, gastritis, GERD, hemorrhoids, IBS, lactose intolerance, pancreatic, appendicitis, celiac disease, Crohn’s disease, peptic ulcer, stomach ulcer, viral hepatitis, colorectal cancer and liver transplants. The new edition is a highly referenced and useful resource for gastroenterologists, physiologists, internists, professional researchers, and instructors teaching courses for clinical and research students. 2013 Highly Commended BMA Medical Book Award for Internal Medicine Discusses the multiple processes governing gastrointestinal function Each section edited by preeminent scientist in the field Updated, four-color illustrations

The Gastrointestinal Circulation

The Gastrointestinal Circulation Book
Author : Peter R. Kvietys
Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Release : 2010
ISBN : 1615041176
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The microcirculation of the gastrointestinal tract is under the control of both myogenic and metabolic regulatory systems. The myogenic mechanism contributes to basal vascular tone and the regulation of transmural pressure, while the metabolic mechanism is responsible for maintaining an appropriate balance between O2 demand and O2 delivery. In the postprandial state, hydrolytic products of food digestion elicit a hyperemia, which serves to meet the increased O2 demand of nutrient assimilation. Metabolically linked factors (e.g., tissue pO2, adenosine) are primarily responsible for this functional hyperemia. The fenestrated capillaries of the gastrointestinal mucosa are relatively permeable to small hydrolytic products of food digestion (e.g., glucose), yet restrict the transcapillary movement of larger molecules (e.g., albumin). This allows for the absorption of hydrolytic products of food digestion without compromising the oncotic pressure gradient governing transcapillary fluid movement and edema formation. The gastrointestinal microcirculation is also an important component of the mucosal defense system whose function is to prevent (and rapidly repair) inadvertent epithelial injury by potentially noxious constituents of chyme. Two pathological conditions in which the gastrointestinal circulation plays an important role are ischemia/reperfusion and chronic portal hypertension. Ischemia/reperfusion results in mucosal edema and disruption of the epithelium due, in part, to an inflammatory response (e.g., increase in capillary permeability to macromolecules and neutrophil infiltration). Chronic portal hypertension results in an increase in gastrointestinal blood flow due to an imbalance in vasodilator and vasoconstrictor influences on the microcirculation. Table of Contents: Introduction / Anatomy / Regulation of Vascular Tone and Oxygenation / Extrinsic Vasoregulation: Neural and Humoral / Postprandial Hyperemia / Transcapillary Solute Exchange / Transcapillary Fluid Exchange / Interaction of Capillary and Interstitial Forces / Gastrointestinal Circulation and Mucosal Defense / Gastrointestinal Circulation and Mucosal Pathology I: Ischemia/Reperfusion / Gastrointestinal Circulation and Mucosal Pathology II: Chronic Portal Hypertension / Summary and Conclusions / References / Author Biography

Immunotherapy for Gastrointestinal Malignancies

Immunotherapy for Gastrointestinal Malignancies Book
Author : Ramakrishna Vadde,Ganji Purnachandra Nagaraju
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-01-31
ISBN : 9811564876
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book reviews current immunotherapeutic strategies for gastrointestinal (GI) malignancies, including immune composition, immune checkpoint inhibitors, cell therapy, and peptide vaccines used to protect against esophageal, gastric, hepato-biliary, pancreatic and colorectal cancers. It also discusses the current challenges of using immunotherapy for the treatment of gastrointestinal malignancies. The book reviews highly sensitive and specific immunomarkers for the detection of GI malignancies, and examines therapeutic vaccines and the major cytokines involved in GI immunotherapy, as well as their basic biology and clinical applications. In closing, the book explores various aspects of computational biology for the detection and treatment of GI malignancies.

Gastrointestinal Oncology

Gastrointestinal Oncology Book
Author : James L. Abbruzzese,Douglas B. Evans,Christopher G. Willett,Cecilia Fenoglio-Preiser
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2003-10-23
ISBN : 9780199747863
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In 74 chapters, Gastrointestinal Oncology brings together a diverse group of specialists to provide the most authoritative, up-to-date and encyclopedic volume currently available on the subject. The first part of this text introduces a series of concepts and topics taht are important to gastrointestinal malignancies in general. These topics include epidemiologic principles, prevention, screening, familial GI cancers, developmental and molecular biology, pathobiology, general therapeutic principles, emerging therapies, and palliative care. The second part of the book covers each of the specific cancers affecting the human gastrointestinal tract. These chapters are introduced by state of the art discussions outlining our current understanding of the pathobiology and molecular biology relevant to each cancer. Subsequent sections describe the multidisciplinary management of specific clinical situations. By organizing the treatment-related chapters around clinical scenarios, the reader will readily find the information necessary to effectively manage the complex clinical situations encountered by patients with gastrointestinal malignancies.

Gastrointestinal Hormones

Gastrointestinal Hormones Book
Author : Viktor Mutt
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 1483215539
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Metabolic Disorders, Volume 11: Gastrointestinal Hormones covers the developments in the study of gastrointestinal (GI) hormones. The book discusses the cytochemical techniques in work with GI hormones; the general aspects and problems for the radioimmunoassays of GI hormones in the 80s; and the response of the GI hormone system to the pathological changes. The text also describes the evolutional aspects of GI hormones; the cell membrane receptors for secretagogues on pancreatic acinar cells; and the synthesis of GI hormones using organic chemical or recombinant DNA techniques. Gastrin is reviewed with regard to its forms and fragments in tissues, circulating components during post- and perisecretory processing, cellular origins and distribution, actions and structure-function relations, metabolic disposal, nervous and chemical control for its release, and its role in human pathology. The book further tackles the chemical, anatomical, and biological studies on gastrin-releasing peptides, as well as the physiological actions of gastric inhibitory polypeptide. Discussions about the vasoactive intestinal peptide, incretin, enteroglucagon, neuropeptide Y, peptide HI, galanin, cholecystokinin-58, neuropeptide K, peptide YY, motilin, somatostatin-28, neurotensin, substance P, and opioid peptides are also encompassed. The text concludes by looking into the investigations on the structure and function of the head activator in hydra and in mammals. Molecular biologists, endocrinologists, histochemists, physiologists, and those involved in the research about GI hormones will find the book invaluable.

Gastrointestinal Surgical Techniques in Small Animals

Gastrointestinal Surgical Techniques in Small Animals Book
Author : Eric Monnet,Daniel D. Smeak
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-06-30
ISBN : 1119369207
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Gastrointestinal Surgical Techniques in Small Animals offers a highly detailed reference to surgical procedures in the gastrointestinal tract in dogs and cats. Each chapter describes the surgical techniques in depth, featuring high-quality illustrations depicting each step, and discusses tips and tricks for a successful surgery and potential complications. A companion website offers video clips demonstrating the procedures. Logically divided into sections by anatomy, each chapter covers indications, contraindications, and decision making for a specific surgery. Tips and tricks and potential complications are also covered. Describes techniques for canine and feline gastrointestinal surgery in detail Presents the state of the art for GI surgery in dogs and cats Includes access to a companion website with video clips demonstrating techniques Gastrointestinal Surgical Techniques in Small Animals is an essential resource for small animal surgeons and veterinary residents.

Sleisenger and Fordtran s Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease E Book

Sleisenger and Fordtran s Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease E Book Book
Author : Mark Feldman,Lawrence S. Friedman,Lawrence J. Brandt
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2010-05-03
ISBN : 1437727670
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Make optimal use of the newest techniques, technologies, and treatments with Sleisenger and Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease - the indispensable information source in this broad field! Edited by Mark Feldman, MD, Lawrence S. Friedman, MD, and Lawrence J. Brandt, MD, this 9th Edition equips you with the amassed knowledge of hundreds of respected authorities from around the world, helping you to overcome all of your most complex clinical challenges and make the most effective use of the newest techniques, technologies, and treatments. Significant updates on bariatric surgery, Barrett's esophagus, and many other evolving areas keep your practice current. Full-text online access includes downloadable illustrations and links to reference abstracts. The result remains the indispensable core reference in gastroenterology and hepatology. World-renowned experts provide reliable guidance on every area of your field. A consistent, full-color chapter design lets you find information quickly. Significant updates on bariatric surgery, Barrett's esophagus, endoscopic ultrasound, endosonography, treatment of liver disease, and much more keep you current on the latest advances. Many new contributors from all over the world provide you with fresh insights on all areas of gastroenterology and hepatology. Full-text online access via Expert Consult includes downloadable illustrations and links to reference abstracts.

Neuropeptide Function in the Gastrointestinal Tract

Neuropeptide Function in the Gastrointestinal Tract Book
Author : Edwin E. Daniel
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-08-15
ISBN : 1000696987
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

First published in 1991: This book assimilates and evaluates the rapidly accumulating information regarding neuropeptides in the gut, their chemistry; genetic control; processing in enteric nerves; the projections of their nerves; their actions at the tissue, cell, and molecular levels; and their roles in controlling gut motility in health and disease. Neuropeptide Function in the Gastrointestinal Tract is directed to scientists in all disciplines who work with neuropeptides, as well as physiologists interested in the neural and smooth muscle actions of neuropeptides.

The Sava River

The Sava River Book
Author : Radmila Milačič,Janez Ščančar,Momir Paunović
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-11-05
ISBN : 3662440342
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume provides a comprehensive overview of environmental aspects of the Sava River, which is the greatest tributary to the Danube River and the major drainage river system of South Eastern Europe. Hydroelectric power plants, river traffic, intensive agricultural activities, heavy industry and floods have considerable influence on the environment and biota in the basin. Summarizing the results that were gathered in the course of EU, bilateral and national projects, the book highlights the most important stressors and helps readers to better understand the impact of anthropogenic activities on the function of river basins. Topics include: transboundary water cooperation between the riparian countries; climate change projection, including its impact on flood hazards; evaluation of anthropogenic pollution sources; pollution of sediments, metal bioavailability and ecotoxicological and microbiological characterization of the river. The biological part also addresses quality aspects related to wildlife in river aquatic ecosystems (algae, macrophytes, zooplankton, macroinvertebrates and fish) and riparian ecosystems (amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals). The general state of biodiversity and pressures caused by invasive aquatic species are also discussed.