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Gasification Of Waste Materials

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Gasification of Waste Materials

Gasification of Waste Materials Book
Author : Simona Ciuta,Demetra Tsiamis,Marco J. Castaldi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-10-24
ISBN : 0128127171
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Gasification of Waste Materials: Technologies for Generating Energy, Gas and Chemicals from MSW, Biomass, Non-recycled Plastics, Sludges and Wet Solid Wastes explores the most recent gasification technologies developing worldwide to convert waste solids to energy and synthesis gas and chemical products. The authors examine the thermodynamic aspects, accepted reaction mechanisms and kinetic constraints of using municipal solid waste (MSW), biomass, non-recycled plastics (NRP), sludges and wet solid wastes as feedstock. They identify the distinctions between pyrolysis, gasification, plasma, hydrothermal gasification, and supercritical systems. A comprehensive summary of laboratory and demonstration activities is presented, as well as field scale systems that have been in operation using solid waste streams as input, highlighting their areas of disconnect and alignment. The book also provides a summary of information on emissions from the stack, comparing them with other thermal conversion systems using similar feedstock. It then goes on to assess the areas that must be improved to ensure gasification systems become as successful as combustion systems operating on waste streams, ranging from feedstock processing to gasifier output gas clean-up, downstream system requirements and corrosion. The economics and future projections for waste gasification systems are also discussed. For its consolidation of the current technical knowledge, this text is recommended for engineering researchers, graduate students, industry professionals, municipal engineers and decision makers when planning, designing and deploying waste to energy projects, especially those using MSW as feedstock. Provides field demonstrations of large scale systems, their results and the challenges that need to be overcome when developing commercial applications and possible solutions Presents the most recent technologies in lab and demonstration scale Examines the critical development needs and real life challenges for the deployment of waste to energy technologies Provides information on the economics and sustainability of these technologies, as well as their future perspectives

Gasification for Low grade Feedstock

Gasification for Low grade Feedstock Book
Author : Yongseung Yun
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2018-07-11
ISBN : 1789232880
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Most coveted energy forms nowadays are gas in nature and electricity due to their environmental cleanness and convenience. Recently, gasification market trend is starting to switch to low-grade feedstock such as biomass, wastes, and low-rank coal that are still not properly utilized. In this sense, the most promising area of development in gasification field lies in low-grade feedstock that should be converted to more user-friendly gas or electricity form in utilization. This book tried to shed light on the works on gasification from many parts of the world and thus can feel the technology status and the areas of interest regarding gasification for low-grade feedstock.

Substitute Natural Gas from Waste

Substitute Natural Gas from Waste Book
Author : Massimiliano Materazzi,Pier Ugo Foscolo
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-05-01
ISBN : 0128156449
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Substitute Natural Gas from Waste: Technical Assessment and Industrial Applications of Biochemical and Thermochemical Processes provides an overview of the science and technology of anaerobic digestion and thermal gasification for the treatment of biomass and unrecyclable waste residues. The book provides both the theoretical and practical basis for the clean and high-efficiency utilization of waste and biomass to produce Bio-Substitute Natural Gas (SNG). It examines different routes to produce bio-SNG from waste feedstocks, detailing solutions to unique problems, such as scale up issues and process integration. Final sections review waste sourcing and processing. This book is an ideal and practical reference for those developing, designing, scaling and managing bio-SNG production and utilization systems. Engineering students will find this to be a comprehensive resource on the application of fundamental concepts of bio-SNG production that are illustrated through innovative, recent case studies. Presents detailed scientific and technical information Describes up-to-date concepts, processes and plants for efficient anaerobic digestion and gasification of wastes and syngas utilization Compares gasification with anaerobic digestion for different situations Proposes alternative strategies to increase efficiency and overcome energy balance limitations Includes benchmarking data and industrial real-life examples to demonstrate the main process features and implementation pathways of bio-SNG systems from dry and wet waste, both in developed and developing countries

Thermochemical Waste Treatment

Thermochemical Waste Treatment Book
Author : Elena Cristina Rada
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-03-16
ISBN : 177188309X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This title includes a number of Open Access chapters. Increasing attention is being paid to the valorization of solid wastes—converting them into energy or other useful products. This book describes recent research into methodologies and technologies for managing various forms of solid waste, while at the same time generating energy and revenue with less impact on the environment. Topics include combustion, gasification, pyrolysis, and hydrothermal carbonization. The transition from a fossil fuel-based economy to a more sustainable economy will require a solid foundation of ongoing scientific research. The editor of this compendium, a well-respected researcher in the field, has selected studies that help to build that foundation.

Energy from Waste

Energy from Waste Book
Author : Paul Breeze
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-10-27
ISBN : 012809513X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Energy from Waste is a concise, up-to-date and accessible guide on how to create power from both urban and industrial waste. The book explores the types of waste that, instead of going to landfill, can be converted to energy, also discussing the most up-to-date technologies for doing so. The book contains a strong emphasis on the related environmental impacts and economic factors involved in the various methods of generating electricity, making this a valuable and insightful read for those involved in the management and conversion of waste, including energy engineers, managers and technicians. Explores both urban and industrial waste, its composition and how it is collected, enabling readers to better understand which power generation technologies can be used to convert it into power Discusses the most up-to-date technologies, along with the impacts they have on the environment, including solid residue, chemicals and dust from the flue-gas treatment (and the flue gas itself) Evaluates the economic impact of converting energy from waste and implementing and managing waste plants

Sustainable Food Waste to Energy Systems

Sustainable Food Waste to Energy Systems Book
Author : Thomas Trabold,Callie W. Babbitt
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-09-05
ISBN : 0128111585
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sustainable Food Waste-to-Energy Systems assesses the utilization of food waste in sustainable energy conversion systems. It explores all sources of waste generated in the food supply chain (downstream from agriculture), with coverage of industrial, commercial, institutional and residential sources. It provides a detailed analysis of the conventional pathways for food waste disposal and utilization, including composting, incineration, landfilling and wastewater treatment. Next, users will find valuable sections on the chemical, biochemical and thermochemical waste-to-energy conversion processes applicable for food waste and an assessment of commercially available sustainable food waste-to-energy conversion technologies. Sustainability aspects, including consideration of environmental, economic and social impacts are also explored. The book concludes with an analysis of how deploying waste-to-energy systems is dependent on cross-cutting research methods, including geographical information systems and big data. It is a useful resource for professionals working in waste-to-energy technologies, as well as those in the food industry and food waste management sector planning and implementing these systems, but is also ideal for researchers, graduate students, energy policymakers and energy analysts interested in the most recent advances in the field. Provides guidance on how specific food waste characteristics drive possible waste-to-energy conversion processes Presents methodologies for selecting among different waste-to-energy options, based on waste volumes, distribution and properties, local energy demand (electrical/thermal/steam), opportunities for industrial symbiosis, regulations and incentives and social acceptance, etc. Contains tools to assess potential environmental and economic performance of deployed systems Links to publicly available resources on food waste data for energy conversion

Sustainable Alternative Syngas Fuel

Sustainable Alternative Syngas Fuel Book
Author : Chaouki Ghenai,Abrar Inayat
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2019-11-27
ISBN : 1789845807
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The development and use of sustainable and alternative fuels (syngas, biogas, biodiesel, bio-oil, hydrogen) derived from sources other than petroleum is needed due to the limited fossil fuel resources, the need for reduction of atmospheric greenhouse gas emissions, energy security, and to meet the future high energy demand due to population growth. New alternative fuels that can be produced locally and derived from renewable sources will be more sustainable compared to fossil fuels. Alternative and renewable fuels can be produced using different thermochemical and bio-chemical processes. Gasification is a thermochemical process used to produce syngas fuel (mainly hydrogen and carbon dioxide) from renewable (biomass) and conventional (coal) sources. The syngas fuels produced from the gasification process can be used for different applications: power generation (combustion of syngas fuel in gas turbine engines), heating, and transportation (internal combustion engines). This book intends to provide the reader with an overview of the current technologies, methods, and strategies of syngas fuel production, characterization, and application.

Fundamental Studies of the Behaviour of Biomass and Waste Materials in Gasification Systems

Fundamental Studies of the Behaviour of Biomass and Waste Materials in Gasification Systems Book
Author : Barry Francis McGhee,University of Strathclyde
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Fundamental Studies of the Behaviour of Biomass and Waste Materials in Gasification Systems book written by Barry Francis McGhee,University of Strathclyde, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Waste to Energy Approaches Towards Zero Waste

Waste to Energy Approaches Towards Zero Waste Book
Author : Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain,Sunpreet Singh,Lalit Goswami
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-11-09
ISBN : 0323853889
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Waste-to-Energy Approaches Towards Zero Waste: Interdisciplinary Methods of Controlling Waste provides a comprehensive overview of the key technologies and approaches to achieve zero waste from energy. The book emphasizes the importance of an integrated approach to waste-to-energy using fundamental concepts and principles, and presents key methods, their applications, and perspectives on future development. The book provides readers with the tools to make key decisions on waste-to-energy projects from zero-waste principles, while incorporating sustainability and life cycle assessments from financial and environmental perspectives. Waste-to-Energy Approaches Towards Zero Waste: Interdisciplinary Methods of Controlling Waste offers practical guidance on achieving energy with zero waste ideal for researchers and graduate students involved in waste-to-energy and renewable energy, waste remediation, and sustainability. Provides an integrated approach for waste-to-energy using zero waste concepts Offers decision-making guidance on selecting the most appropriate approach for each project Presents the sustainability and life cycle assessment of WTE technologies on financial and environmental grounds

Gasification

Gasification Book
Author : Valter Silva,Celso Tuna
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2021-09-29
ISBN : 1839687959
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Gasification is the thermochemical process of converting carbonaceous material in the presence of an oxidant less than stoichiometric to form a gaseous product, known as synthesis gas or syngas, at high temperatures. The gas produced can have different uses depending on its quality. Among these uses are to drive internal combustion engines and gas turbines, direct burning, and synthesis of chemical components. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the various techniques and applications of syngas developed thus far to contribute to a better understanding of this important process of obtaining a renewable fuel, which is essential for the development of a sustainable economy.

Gasification Technologies

Gasification Technologies Book
Author : John Rezaiyan,Nicholas P. Cheremisinoff
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2005-04-08
ISBN : 1420028146
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In contrast to traditional combustion, gasification technologies offer the potential for converting coal and low or negative-value feedstocks, such as petroleum coke and various waste materials into usable energy sources or chemicals. With a growing number of companies operating and marketing systems based on gasification concepts worldwide, this b

Biomass Gasification and Pyrolysis

Biomass Gasification and Pyrolysis Book
Author : Prabir Basu
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2010-07-19
ISBN : 9780080961620
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers comprehensive coverage of the design, analysis, and operational aspects of biomass gasification, the key technology enabling the production of biofuels from all viable sources--some examples being sugar cane and switchgrass. This versatile resource not only explains the basic principles of energy conversion systems, but also provides valuable insight into the design of biomass gasifiers. The author provides many worked out design problems, step-by-step design procedures and real data on commercially operating systems. After fossil fuels, biomass is the most widely used fuel in the world. Biomass resources show a considerable potential in the long term if residues are properly handled and dedicated energy crops are grown. Includes step-by-step design procedures and case studies for Biomass Gasification Provides worked process flow diagrams for gasifier design. Covers integration with other technologies (e.g. gas turbine, engine, fuel cells)

Municipal Solid Waste to Energy Conversion Processes

Municipal Solid Waste to Energy Conversion Processes Book
Author : Gary C. Young
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2010-11-29
ISBN : 9781118029275
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A technical and economic review of emerging waste disposal technologies Intended for a wide audience ranging from engineers and academics to decision-makers in both the public and private sectors, Municipal Solid Waste to Energy Conversion Processes: Economic, Technical, and Renewable Comparisons reviews the current state of the solid waste disposal industry. It details how the proven plasma gasification technology can be used to manage Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) and to generate energy and revenues for local communities in an environmentally safe manner with essentially no wastes. Beginning with an introduction to pyrolysis/gasification and combustion technologies, the book provides many case studies on various waste-to-energy (WTE) technologies and creates an economic and technical baseline from which all current and emerging WTE technologies could be compared and evaluated. Topics include: Pyrolysis/gasification technology, the most suitable and economically viable approach for the management of wastes Combustion technology Other renewable energy resources including wind and hydroelectric energy Plasma economics Cash flows as a revenue source for waste solids-to-energy management Plant operations, with an independent case study of Eco-Valley plant in Utashinai, Japan Extensive case studies of garbage to liquid fuels, wastes to electricity, and wastes to power ethanol plants illustrate how currently generated MSW and past wastes in landfills can be processed with proven plasma gasification technology to eliminate air and water pollution from landfills.

Gasification Post combustion of Waste Materials

Gasification  Post combustion of Waste Materials Book
Author : M. Beckmann,R. Zimmermann,American Institute of Chemical Engineers,American Institute of Chemical Engineers. Annual Meeting
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1998
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Gasification Post combustion of Waste Materials book written by M. Beckmann,R. Zimmermann,American Institute of Chemical Engineers,American Institute of Chemical Engineers. Annual Meeting, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Char and Carbon Materials Derived from Biomass

Char and Carbon Materials Derived from Biomass Book
Author : Mejdi Jeguirim,Lionel Limousy
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-03-29
ISBN : 0128148942
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Char and Carbon Materials Derived from Biomass: Production, Characterization and Applications provides an overview of biomass char production methods (pyrolysis, hydrothermal carbonization, etc.), along with the characterization techniques typically used (Scanning Electronic Microscopy, X-Ray Fluorescence, Nitrogen adsorption, etc.) In addition, the book includes a discussion of the various properties of biomass chars and their suitable recovery processes, concluding with a demonstration of applications. As biomass can be converted to energy, biofuels and bioproducts via thermochemical conversion processes, such as combustion, pyrolysis and gasification, this book is ideal for professionals in energy production and storage fields, as well as professionals in waste treatment, gas treatment, and more. Provides a discussion of sources of biomass feedstocks, such as agricultural, woody plants and food processing residue Discusses the various production processes of biomass chars, including pyrolysis and hydrothermal carbonization Explores various applications of biomass chars within different industries, including energy and agronomy

Handbook of Gasification Technology

Handbook of Gasification Technology Book
Author : James G. Speight
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-04-14
ISBN : 1118773535
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Gasification is one of the most important advancements that has ever occurred in energy production. Using this technology, for example, coal can be gasified into a product that has roughly half the carbon footprint of coal. On a large scale, gasification could be considered a revolutionary development, not only prolonging the life of carbon-based fuels, but making them “greener” and cleaner. As long as much of the world still depends on fossil fuels, gasification will be an environmentally friendlier choice for energy production. But gasification is not just used for fossil fuels. Waste products that would normally be dumped into landfills or otherwise disposed of can be converted into energy through the process of gasification. The same is true of biofeedstocks and other types of feedstocks, thus making another argument for the widespread use of gasification. The Handbook of Gasification Technology covers all aspects of the gasification, in a “one-stop shop,” from the basic science of gasification and why it is needed to the energy sources, processes, chemicals, materials, and machinery used in the technology. Whether a veteran engineer or scientist using it as a reference or a professor using it as a textbook, this outstanding new volume is a must-have for any library.

Waste to Energy Conversion Technology

Waste to Energy Conversion Technology Book
Author : Naomi B Klinghoffer,Marco J Castaldi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-05-15
ISBN : 0857096362
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Increasing global consumerism and population has led to an increase in the levels of waste produced. Waste to energy (WTE) conversion technologies can be employed to convert residual wastes into clean energy, rather than sending these wastes directly to landfill. Waste to energy conversion technology explores the systems, technology and impacts of waste to energy conversion. Part one provides an introduction to WTE conversion and reviews the waste hierarchy and WTE systems options along with the corresponding environmental, regulatory and techno-economic issues facing this technology. Part two goes on to explore further specific aspects of WTE systems, engineering and technology and includes chapters on municipal solid waste (MSW) combustion plants and WTE systems for district heating. Finally, part three highlights pollution control systems for waste to energy technologies. Waste to energy conversion technology is a standard reference book for plant managers, building engineers and consultants requiring an understanding of WTE technologies, and researchers, scientists and academics interested in the field. Reviews the waste hierarchy and waste to energy systems options along with the environmental and social impact of WTE conversion plants Explores the engineering and technology behind WTE systems including considerations of municipal solid waste (MSW) its treatment, combustion and gasification Considers pollution control systems for WTE technologies including the transformation of wast combustion facilities from major polluters to pollution sinks

Pyrolysis and Gasification

Pyrolysis and Gasification Book
Author : G.L. Ferrero,K. Maniatis,A. Buekens,A.V. Bridgwater
Publisher : Springer
Release : 1989-12-31
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Pyrolysis and Gasification book written by G.L. Ferrero,K. Maniatis,A. Buekens,A.V. Bridgwater, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Sustainable Resource Recovery and Zero Waste Approaches

Sustainable Resource Recovery and Zero Waste Approaches Book
Author : Mohammad Taherzadeh,Kim Bolton,Jonathan Wong,Ashok Pandey
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-07-18
ISBN : 0444642838
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sustainable Resource Recovery and Zero Waste Approaches covers waste reduction, biological, thermal and recycling methods of waste recovery, and their conversion into a variety of products. In addition, the social, economic and environmental aspects are also explored, making this a useful textbook for environmental courses and a reference book for both universities and companies. Provides a novel approach on how to achieve zero wastes in a society Shows the roadmap on achieving Sustainable Development Goals Considers critical aspects of municipal waste management Covers recent developments in waste biorefinery, thermal processes, anaerobic digestion, material recycling and landfill mining

Plastics to Energy

Plastics to Energy Book
Author : Sultan Al-Salem
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2018-11-05
ISBN : 0128131411
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plastics to Energy: Fuel, Chemicals, and Sustainability Implications covers important trends in the science and technology of polymer recovery, such as the thermo-chemical treatment of plastics, the impact of environmental degradation on mechanical recycling, incineration and thermal unit design, and new options in biodegradable plastics. The book also introduces product development opportunities from waste materials and discusses the main processes and pathways of the conversion of polymeric materials to energy, fuel and chemicals. A particular focus is placed on industrial case studies and academic reviews, providing a practical emphasis that enables plastics practitioners involved in end-of-life aspects to employ these processes. Final sections examine lifecycle and cost analysis of different plastic waste management processes, exploring the potential of various techniques in modelling, optimization and simulation of waste management options. Introduces new pathways for the end-of-life treatment of plastics and polymers, including conversion to energy, fuel and other chemicals Compares different options to assist materials scientists, engineers and waste management practitioners to choose the most effective and sustainable option Covers the latest trends in the science and technology of polymer energy recovery