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Fundamentals Of Meg And Eeg

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MEG EEG Primer

MEG EEG Primer Book
Author : Riitta Hari,Aina Puce
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2017-03-20
ISBN : 0190497785
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Magnetoencephalography (MEG) and electroencephalography (EEG) provide complementary views to the neurodynamics of healthy and diseased human brains. Both methods are totally noninvasive and can track with millisecond temporal resolution spontaneous brain activity, evoked responses to various sensory stimuli, as well as signals associated with the performance of motor, cognitive and affective tasks. MEG records the magnetic fields, and EEG the potentials associated with the same neuronal currents, which however are differentially weighted due to the physical and physiological differences between the methods. MEG is rather selective to activity in the walls of cortical folds, whereas EEG senses currents from the cortex (and brain) more widely, making it harder to pinpoint the locations of the source currents in the brain. Another important difference between the methods is that skull and scalp dampen and smear EEG signals, but do not affect MEG. Hence, to fully understand brain function, information from MEG and EEG should be combined. Additionally, the excellent neurodynamical information these two methods provide can be merged with data from other brain-imaging methods, especially functional magnetic resonance imaging where spatial resolution is a major strength. MEG-EEG Primer is the first-ever volume to introduce and discuss MEG and EEG in a balanced manner side-by-side, starting from their physical and physiological bases and then advancing to methods of data acquisition, analysis, visualization, and interpretation. The authors pay special attention to careful experimentation, guiding readers to differentiate brain signals from various artifacts and to assure that the collected data are reliable. The book weighs the strengths and weaknesses of MEG and EEG relative to one another and to other methods used in systems, cognitive, and social neuroscience. The authors also discuss the role of MEG and EEG in the assessment of brain function in various clinical disorders. The book aims to bring members of multidisciplinary research teams onto equal footing so that they can contribute to different aspects of MEG and EEG research and to be able to participate in future developments in the field.

Fundamentals of Brain Network Analysis

Fundamentals of Brain Network Analysis Book
Author : Alex Fornito,Andrew Zalesky,Edward Bullmore
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-03-04
ISBN : 0124081185
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fundamentals of Brain Network Analysis is a comprehensive and accessible introduction to methods for unraveling the extraordinary complexity of neuronal connectivity. From the perspective of graph theory and network science, this book introduces, motivates and explains techniques for modeling brain networks as graphs of nodes connected by edges, and covers a diverse array of measures for quantifying their topological and spatial organization. It builds intuition for key concepts and methods by illustrating how they can be practically applied in diverse areas of neuroscience, ranging from the analysis of synaptic networks in the nematode worm to the characterization of large-scale human brain networks constructed with magnetic resonance imaging. This text is ideally suited to neuroscientists wanting to develop expertise in the rapidly developing field of neural connectomics, and to physical and computational scientists wanting to understand how these quantitative methods can be used to understand brain organization. Extensively illustrated throughout by graphical representations of key mathematical concepts and their practical applications to analyses of nervous systems Comprehensively covers graph theoretical analyses of structural and functional brain networks, from microscopic to macroscopic scales, using examples based on a wide variety of experimental methods in neuroscience Designed to inform and empower scientists at all levels of experience, and from any specialist background, wanting to use modern methods of network science to understand the organization of the brain

MEG

MEG Book
Author : Peter Hansen,Morten Kringelbach,Riitta Salmelin
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2010-06-21
ISBN : 0195307232
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is the first comprehensive introduction to MEG. Bringing together the leading researchers to provide the basic tools for planning and executing MEG experiments, as well as analyzing and interpreting the resulting data, it is a complete basic reference source for those interested in exploring or already using MEG.

Neuromuscular Fundamentals

Neuromuscular Fundamentals Book
Author : Nassir H. Sabah
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-11-30
ISBN : 1000191443
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is rather unique in its approach and coverage. The approach is essentially that of an engineering textbook, emphasizing the quantitative aspects and highlighting the fundamentals and basic concepts involved. The coverage progresses in a logical and systematic manner from the subcellular, starting with the electrophysiology of the cell membrane, then proceeding to synapses, neurons, and muscle, before considering neuronal motor ensembles and the neuromuscular system as a whole. Simple, clear, and comprehensive explanations are given throughout. After an introductory chapter on some background material in biology, biophysics, and chemical kinetics, a substantial part of the book (Chapters 2-8) necessarily covers in considerable detail the basic components and processes that underlie the electrical and associated activities of the nervous system. The remaining chapters of the book (Chapters 9-13) focus on the neuromuscular system, starting with the structure of muscle cells, the generation of force by muscular contraction, and muscle receptors. The last chapter examines aspects of the control of movement, motor learning and memory, the maintenance of posture, and locomotion, and critically examines some of the theories that have been advanced to explain how movement is controlled. The book is intended for undergraduate or graduate students in the natural sciences, mathematics, or engineering who seek a deeper understanding of the fundamentals of neuroscience and the somatomotor system, in accordance with the aforementioned objectives. The book can serve as a textbook for a one-semester course on the neuromuscular system or as a reference in a more general course on neuroscience. Provides a thorough analytical treatment of membrane electrophysiology, starting from the first principles Emphasizes strongly the basic and fundamental concepts throughout Discusses thoroughly the essential features and properties of the basic constituents of the nervous system, that is, neurons and synapses, including the neuromuscular junction Explains the main aspects of posture, locomotion, and control of movement Includes practice problems throughout the text and a solutions manual will be available for adopting professors Nassir Sabah is professor of biomedical engineering in the electrical and computer engineering department at the American University of Beirut, Lebanon. He received his B.Sc. (Hons. Class I) and his M.Sc. in electrical engineering from the University of Birmingham, U.K., and his Ph.D. in biophysical sciences from the State University of New York (SUNY/Buffalo). He has served as Chairman of the Electrical Engineering Department, Director of the Institute of Computer Studies, and Dean of the Faculty of Engineering and Architecture at the American University of Beirut. In these capacities, he was responsible for the development of programs, curricula, and courses in electrical, biomedical, communications, and computer engineering. Professor Sabah has extensive professional experience in the fields of electrical engineering, electronics, and computer systems, with more than 35 years’ teaching experience in neuroengineering, biomedical engineering, electronics, and electric circuits. He has over 100 technical publications, mainly in neurophysiology, biophysics, and biomedical instrumentation. He has served on numerous committees and panels in Lebanon and the region. He is a Fellow of the Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET, U.K.), a member of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), and a member of the American Society for Engineering Education (ASEE).

Biomedical Engineering Fundamentals

Biomedical Engineering Fundamentals Book
Author : Joseph D. Bronzino,Donald R. Peterson
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-12-17
ISBN : 1439825181
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Known as the bible of biomedical engineering, The Biomedical Engineering Handbook, Fourth Edition, sets the standard against which all other references of this nature are measured. As such, it has served as a major resource for both skilled professionals and novices to biomedical engineering. Biomedical Engineering Fundamentals, the first volume of the handbook, presents material from respected scientists with diverse backgrounds in physiological systems, biomechanics, biomaterials, bioelectric phenomena, and neuroengineering. More than three dozen specific topics are examined, including cardiac biomechanics, the mechanics of blood vessels, cochlear mechanics, biodegradable biomaterials, soft tissue replacements, cellular biomechanics, neural engineering, electrical stimulation for paraplegia, and visual prostheses. The material is presented in a systematic manner and has been updated to reflect the latest applications and research findings.

Adaptive Processing of Brain Signals

Adaptive Processing of Brain Signals Book
Author : Saeid Sanei
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-05-28
ISBN : 1118622146
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this book, the field of adaptive learning and processing is extended to arguably one of its most important contexts which is the understanding and analysis of brain signals. No attempt is made to comment on physiological aspects of brain activity; instead, signal processing methods are developed and used to assist clinical findings. Recent developments in detection, estimation and separation of diagnostic cues from different modality neuroimaging systems are discussed. These include constrained nonlinear signal processing techniques which incorporate sparsity, nonstationarity, multimodal data, and multiway techniques. Key features: Covers advanced and adaptive signal processing techniques for the processing of electroencephalography (EEG) and magneto-encephalography (MEG) signals, and their correlation to the corresponding functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) Provides advanced tools for the detection, monitoring, separation, localising and understanding of functional, anatomical, and physiological abnormalities of the brain Puts a major emphasis on brain dynamics and how this can be evaluated for the assessment of brain activity in various states such as for brain-computer interfacing emotions and mental fatigue analysis Focuses on multimodal and multiway adaptive processing of brain signals, the new direction of brain signal research

Multivariate Statistical Analysis in Neuroscience

Multivariate Statistical Analysis in Neuroscience Book
Author : Giovanni Cugliari,Marco Ivaldi
Publisher : GRIN Verlag
Release : 2015-06-08
ISBN : 365697375X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Research Paper (postgraduate) from the year 2015 in the subject Medicine - Other, grade: II Level Master, University of Pavia (Unit of Medical and Genomic Statistics), course: Medical and Genomic Statistics, language: English, abstract: Electroencephalography, commonly called 'EEG', estimates through the application of electrodes, the electrical activity of the brain (which is the sum of the electrical activity of each neuron). In recent years, with the goal of making more reliable the EEG, many researchers have turned their interest in the development of tools, methods and software. This thesis describes some best procedures for the experimental design, data visualization and descriptive or inferential statistical analysis. The application of statistical models to single or multiple subjects study-design are also described, including parametric and non-parametric approaches. Methods for processing multivariate data (PCA, ICA, clustering) were described. Re-sampling methods (bootstrap) using many randomly software-generated samples were also described. The aim of this work is to provide, with statistical concepts and examples, information on the qualitative and quantitative approaches related to the electroencephalographic signals. The work consists into three parts: INTRODUTION TO ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY (GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS); DATA MINING AND STATISTICAL ANALYSIS; EXPERIMENTAL STUDY DESIGNS. The six works included in the section called “EXPERIMENTAL STUDY DESIGNS” analyze EEG alterations in the protocols: Electrocortical activity in dancers and non-dancers listening to different music genre and during imaginative dance motor activity; Electrocortical activity during monosynaptic reflex in athletes; Monitoring of electrocortical activity for evaluation of seasickness; Electrocortical activity in different body positions; Electrocortical activity in athletes and non-athletes during body balance tasks; Electrocortical responses in volunteers with and without specific experience watching movies including the execution of complex motor gestures. In the section called “OTHER INTERESTING THINGS” were included one work that analyze EMG (electromyography) alterations in pathological and healthy subjects in the protocol: Comparison between clinical diagnostic criteria of sleep bruxism and those provided by a validated portable holter. The described procedures can be used for clinical trials, although the studies proposed in this work do not refer to samples from pathological subjects. With its multi-specialist approach, through many theoretical and practical feedback, this work will be useful for specializing in neuroscience, statistics, engineering or physiology.

Recent Advances in Human Brain Mapping

Recent Advances in Human Brain Mapping Book
Author : International Society for Brain Electromagnetic Topography. World Congress,Koichi Hirata
Publisher : Elsevier Science Health Science Division
Release : 2002
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

These proceedings cover a wide range of topics in the field of brain function mapping; from basic neuroscience to clinical applications. It provides an important overview of brain mapping research and will be useful reading for the neuroscientist who intends to clarify the brain function using physiological or imaging techniques. Techniques used include EEG, ERP, PET, SPECT, MEG, MRI, MRS, fMRI and optic topography.

SQUID Sensors

SQUID Sensors Book
Author : Harold Weinstock
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1996
ISBN : 9780792343509
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This text examines all aspects of constructing and using SQUID magnetic sensors that operate at either liquid helium or liquid nitrogen temperatures (4 or 77 K, respectively). There is comprehensive coverage of a range of established and emerging applications: biomagnetism, geophysics, nondestructive evaluation, detection of unexploded ordnance, and gravity gradiometry. The principles of both dc and rf SQUIDS are discussed extensively, as are the geometries, electronic circuitry and analysis techniques required to maximize performance. A major chapter of SQUID gradiometers in real environments presents original information on how to minimize noise from external sources. The discussions of biomagnetism describe the growing importance of neuromagnetometry with systems employing over 100 SQUID sensors, as well as the emergence of magnetocardiography and foetal heartbeat monitoring. Analysis techniques relevant to both biomagnetism and nondestructive evaluation are presented in depth.

Essentials of Neurosurgery

Essentials of Neurosurgery Book
Author : Marshall B. Allen,Ross H. Miller
Publisher : McGraw-Hill Companies
Release : 1995
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This well-written, concise text covers a broad range of topics including rehabilitation, therapy of neurologic deficits & future directions in neurosurgery. Superb illustrations present anatomy, physiology, & neurosurgical techniques in a format perfect for residents. In addition, review questions at the end of each chapter make the book ideal for self-study.

Biosignal Processing

Biosignal Processing Book
Author : Hualou Liang,Joseph D. Bronzino,Donald R. Peterson
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2012-10-17
ISBN : 1439871434
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With the rise of advanced computerized data collection systems, monitoring devices, and instrumentation technologies, large and complex datasets accrue as an inevitable part of biomedical enterprise. The availability of these massive amounts of data offers unprecedented opportunities to advance our understanding of underlying biological and physiological functions, structures, and dynamics. Biosignal Processing: Principles and Practices provides state-of-the-art coverage of contemporary methods in biosignal processing with an emphasis on brain signal analysis. After introducing the fundamentals, it presents emerging methods for brain signal processing, focusing on specific non-invasive imaging techniques such as electroencephalography (EEG), magnetoencephalography (MEG), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIR). In addition, the book presents recent advances, reflecting the evolution of biosignal processing. As biomedical datasets grow larger and more complicated, the development and use of signal processing methods to analyze and interpret these data has become a matter of course. This book is one step in the development of biosignal analysis and is designed to stimulate new ideas and opportunities in the development of cutting-edge computational methods for biosignal processing.

Advanced Image Processing in Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Advanced Image Processing in Magnetic Resonance Imaging Book
Author : Luigi Landini,Vincenzo Positano,Maria Santarelli
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-10-03
ISBN : 1420028669
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The popularity of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in medicine is no mystery: it is non-invasive, it produces high quality structural and functional image data, and it is very versatile and flexible. Research into MR technology is advancing at a blistering pace, and modern engineers must keep up with the latest developments. This is only possible with a firm grounding in the basic principles of MR, and Advanced Image Processing in Magnetic Resonance Imaging solidly integrates this foundational knowledge with the latest advances in the field. Beginning with the basics of signal and image generation and reconstruction, the book covers in detail the signal processing techniques and algorithms, filtering techniques for MR images, quantitative analysis including image registration and integration of EEG and MEG techniques with MR, and MR spectroscopy techniques. The final section of the book explores functional MRI (fMRI) in detail, discussing fundamentals and advanced exploratory data analysis, Bayesian inference, and nonlinear analysis. Many of the results presented in the book are derived from the contributors' own work, imparting highly practical experience through experimental and numerical methods. Contributed by international experts at the forefront of the field, Advanced Image Processing in Magnetic Resonance Imaging is an indispensable guide for anyone interested in further advancing the technology and capabilities of MR imaging.

Biomagnetism

Biomagnetism Book
Author : C. Baumgartner,L. Deecke,Gerhard Stroink,S.J. Williamson
Publisher : IOS Press
Release : 1995-09
ISBN : 9789051992335
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomagnetism involves the investigation of bioelectric processes as reflected by their accompanying magnetic fields. These processes can be monitored in the brain, heart, peripheral nerve or gastrointestinal tract. SQUID technology can also be used for biosusceptometry in lung, liver and intestines. Biomagnetism also includes theoretical issues as encountered in the inverse problem, modelling, fundamentals, physics and mathematics of the method, technical applications and instrumentation, as well as future aspects.

Phase Resetting in Medicine and Biology

Phase Resetting in Medicine and Biology Book
Author : Peter A. Tass
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-01-15
ISBN : 3540381619
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a new theoretical approach to phase resetting and stimulation-induced synchronization and desynchronization in a population of oscillators. The author uses stochastic methods from statistical mechanics and applies his theory to models of practical importance in physiology and neuroscience. The book is accessible to readers not familiar with the mathematical formalism. The author also proposes improvements to stimulation techniques as used by neurologists and neurosurgeons in the context of Parkinson's disease and MEG/EEG data analysis.